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A V ?rtou? 0?lonal Broken Func
ilon Of The Mind.
(From the Scientific American.)
It la scarcely open to quest* >n thnt
?ill education should be Individual,
but unfortunately this requirement
cannot be met In our crowded
school*. The state is compelled to
require a definite amount of know -
hedge from all encaged in the same
course. The difficulties to which this
may give rise are illustrated by the
following stories of pupils who, de?
spite earnest endeavor, could never
learn to write correctly or to read
fluently, or to pass the examlnato
provided for the lowest classes,
although some of them are able to
accomplish Important scientific work.
A perfectly healthy 16-year-old
CT*, one of the beat pupils of the
highest class of a German school,
could not spell correctly either Her?
man or foreign worda, either from
dictation or from memory. She could
write tdngle characters perfectly
?he coul 1 also read a single series of
musical notea and play the violin by
note but ahe could not read piano
mualc. The difficulty was that she
waa unable to lmpreae the picture of
the word in her memory. By the em?
ployment of a great number of aids
to memory the aucceedd in making
^ much progress, but ahe continued to
make the moat Incredible errors In
wr*tlng. which aharply contrasted
with the general excellence of her
work at school. 8he could not read
fluently because the Image of tht
ward was not preaent to her memory.
The girl's grandmother, a highly
educated woman. her great-uncle
and a son of the latter exhibited the
same defects. Bach of the men wrote
a number of ecentlflc worka, but the
ape)ling had to be corrected by
la this oaae. therefore, thla aame
defect, wnlch the English call "word
bltodneaa." appeared In four mem?
bers of one family. As we know that
the brain contains a special center
for the memory of words, we must
conclude that tire entire absence of
this eJeivcntary faculty In persons
otherwise of good mental equipment
moat bo caused by a defect In thla
small part of th brain. As such per?
sons cannot satisfy the requirements
exacted in the loweat olaaaes. They
axe in dtnger of never reaching the
higher ones. In London one case of
word blindnas waa found among each
l.ftfl school children. With proper
appreciation of the conditions, it
should bo possible to carry on the
education of such a child If other?
wise intdiligent. This, however, can?
not be done by the school; It must
bm ^Accomplished by the parents, or
? I benevolent socltles
s every lawyer knows, Senator
Daniel Is the author of a comprehen
? e treatise on negotiable lnatru
benta which la generally conaldered
11 be the leading authority on the
subject. A friend one day Inquired
bow It waa that In the midst of hla
arduous political duties, which must
have demanded hla constant attent?
ion, he found the time to write two
auch exhaustive volumea.
"Well." replied the Benator, "It
I happened thla way: A young fellow
I knew came up to me one day and
?aid. fay Mr. Daniel, does a sight
draft bear Interest?' And?would
you believe It??I couldn't answer
that simple question. 80 I determined
then and there to find out all about
It It took me a long time, but I did
"Well. Senat .r. observed the
friend after a abort pauae, "doea flJ
sight draft bear Interest?"
There was a moment's silence.
"Hanged If I know!" was the ab?
We offer One Hundred Dollars Re?
ward for any case of Catarrh that
cannot be cured by Hall'a Catarrh
r J. CHENEY 4k CO.. Toledo, O.
We. th "nderslgned. have known
F J Cheney for the last 15 yeara, and
balteve him perfectly honorable In all
bualnoss transactlona and financially
able to carry out any obligations
made by hla firm.
WAl.DINO. KINNAN * MARVIN,
Wholesale Drugglata. Toledo, O.
Hall'a Catarrh Cure la taken inter?
nally, acting directly upon the blood
and mucoua surfaces of the system.
Testimonials aent free. Price 75 cents
per bottle. Sold by all Druggists.
Take Hall'a Pamlly Pills for consti?
South Carolina can never be con?
sidered civilised until the law of dis?
tress for rent and that under which
young Ben Tlllman deeded his two
children away from their good moth?
er are abolished.?Hpartnnburg Jour
HOItH I I \?.s \M> HAW M \<.S.
?Moat people know the feeling, and
the miserable state of ill health It In?
dicates. All people should know thu'
POley's Honey and Tar, the greatest
throat and lung remedy, will quick?
ly cure the soreness and cough and
restore a normal condition. Ask fo~
Poley s Honey and Tar. Slhert's Drug
SALARY FOR MASTER.
Text of Bill Introduced In (House By
Mr. iVumt To Fix Salary of Master
A Bill To Fix the Compensation of
the Matter of Sumter County:
Be It enacted by the General
Assembly of the State of South Car?
Section || That the Master of Sum
ter County shall receive an annual
salary of fifteen hundred dollars,
In 11c u of the costs and fees now allow?
ed by the law, to be paid as the
salai'ee of other county officers.
Section 2. That the said Master shall
continue to collect the costs, com?
missions and fees as now provided
by Uw and pay the same to the
County Treasurer of the County on
the first day of each month:.Provi?
ded, that In case the fees, costs and
commissions so paid to the County
Treasurer shall exceed the turn of
fifteen hundred ollars for the year
ending the thirty-first day of De?
cember of each year, such excess
shall be divided equally betwen the
Master and the County.
Section s. That ell Acts or parts
of Acts inconsistent with this Act
are hereby repealed.
MAY GRANGE FERTILIZER ACT.
Notice of Hearing on Proposed
Columbia, Feb. 2.?Senator Lancy,
of Chesterfield, stated this evening
that he wished to give notic of a pro?
posed amendment to the fertilizer
Act of 1909, so that those Interested
may appear Friday The amendment
is as follows:
"Provided, further, that if any of
the Ingredients or fertilizer material
or cotton seed meal sold In this State
falls short of the guaranteed analysis
appearing on the sack tag or vessel
holding the same as follows:
"In available phosphoric acid
more than twenty-five points which
shall mean one-fourth of one unit,
on' goods guaranteed over ten per
cent of avalable phosphoric acid.
"In ammonia on goods more than
twenty-five points which shall mean
one-fourth of one unit, on goods
guaranteed up to 4 per cent; and
more than thirty points, which shall
mean three-tenths of one unit on
goods guaranteed over 4 per cent, in
'In potash more than 25 points,
which hall mean one-fourth of one
unit, on goods guaranteed up to 4 per
cent, and more then 20 points, which
shall mean three-tenths of one unit
on goods guaranteed over four per
cnt In potash.
That the manufacturer or seller
shall be liable to the purchaser for
one-fifth of the selling value of the
entire lot or shipment to be deducted
from the buyer's Indebtedness, and if
the buyer hae paid for said goods
then the buyer can collect the same
from th manufacturer or seller by
due process of law.
The amenment reduces the margin
for mixture of fertilizers and changes
th j peealty for violation. The amend?
ment Is printed in advance so thai
all interests may be Informed, ant
appear before the agricultural com
mlttee Friday afternoon.
THE MISSISSIPPI DEADLOCK.
One of Antl-Varadaman Candidates
Withdraws and He Received 7*
Out of 174 Votes.
Jackson, Miss., Feb. 4.?Folio win*
the w'thdrawal of C. H. Alexander,
one of the principal antl-Vardaman
candidates, the leglsatlve caucus
cnme within ten votes of selecting a
successor to the late Senator McLai -
In today. Vardaman received 78 votes
out of a total of 174.
?More people are taking Foley's
Kidney Remedy every year. It Is cor -
sldered the most effective remedy f< r
all kidney and bladder troubles that
medical science can devise. Foley's
^Kidney Remedy corrects irregulari?
ties, builds up the system, and re?
stores lost vitality. Sibert's Drv.g
The Insurgents seem to have glvf n
up the war dance for the party cd
Took All His Money.
Often all a man earns goes to doc?
tors or for medicines, to cure a Stom?
ach, Liver or Kidney trouble that Dr.
King's New Ufu Pills would quickly
cure at slight cost. Best for Dyspep?
sia, Indigestion, Biliousness, Consti?
pation, Jaundice, Malaria and De?
bility. 25c at Sibert's Drug Store.
All that is human must retrograde
if It do not advance.?Edward Gib?
?if troubled with InAtgeattoni con?
stipation, no appetite of feel bllloue,
give Chamherlaln'i Utomaoh and Uv?
er Tablets a trial and you will be
pleased with the result. These tab?
lets invigorate the stomach and liver
and strengthen the dlgeetlon. Bold
by W. W. Slbrt.
A fool must now and then be light
Send us your Job work.
STOCK PRICES DOWN.
AgrrCHsive Operations Had Violent
tffw York, Feb. 3.?The onslaughts
of an agrexslve bear party, together
frith gathering distrust of the lndus
trf.ll, business and political outlook, j
brought about violent declines on the
New York stock exchange today
with United States Steel heading the
down-ward movement. In all sales
to aled 1,672,000 shares with a fourth
of this aggregate In steel shares,
w llch early In the afternoon broke
to 78, the lowest level reached since
September last. The price today re?
presented a break of 30 points
from yesterday of 13 1-4 of January
3, when the high record of this year
wig touched, and 17 1-8 from the
pi Ice of October 2.
Chief Interest centered In the de?
cline of steel, but there was violent
II juklation of nearly every stock in
the list, carrying prices downward
from 6 to 8 points, with sensatiooal
breaks between sales.
Because of the nervousness of the
market, brokers called on their
clients to remain within call ready
t> put up additional margins if nec?
essary and many whose accounts were
en the "ragged edge" closed out,
taking their loss rather than risk
The net price changes do not regis?
ter the full effect on prices, owing
to the effective rally which occurred
In the .closing hour, when the bears
bought freely to garner the day's
landsome profits on the short side.
At the low point, which came early
n the final hour, declines ran all the
way to 8 points.
The violence of the movement
snd the volume of the market, fol?
lowing so prolonged and extensive
a decline as has occurred, caused the
day to be regarded as a probable
culmination of the decline with a re?
versal likely to follow.
The declines were violent, running
to between 1 and 4 in all of the
active stocks, United States Steel
seemed to be the pivot of the market
and when it fell to 78 during the
noon hour, the whole market took
on an appearance of demoralization.
At that time some of the notable
losses were: Vulcan preferred 7 3-8;
Allis-Chalmers and Wells-Fargo 7;
American Smelting 6 5-8; United
States Rubber, Metropolitan Street
railway 6; American Hide and
Leather. American Car, American Cot?
ton Oil, American Locomotive and
, Utah Copper 4 3-4; Federal Mining
and Wabaah preferred 4 1-4; Chesa?
peake & Ohio, Denver & Rio Grande,
j Reading second preferred and Bethle?
hem steel preferred 4.
?A few minutes delay in treating
some cases of croup, even the length
of time it takes to go for a doctor
often proves dangerous. The safest
way is to keep Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy in the house, and at the first
indication of croup give the child a
dose. Pleasant to take and always
cures. Sold by W. W. Sibert.
Sure, Mr. Taft! A factional fight
for the purpose of keeping Mr. Can?
non on the rules committee Is a
mighty good one not to get mixed up
In while the present state of public
sentiment exists.?Indianapolis Ne A's.
For Infants and Children.
Tbl Kind You Have Always bought
come here when their eyes need at?
tention. Why? Because they can
depend on getting the right treatment
and the right glasses. Why not fol?
low their example If your eye sight Is
Graduate Optician In charge. All
W. A. Thompson
Jeweler and Optican.
H. L. B. WELLS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Money to Loan on any Good .Security.
Notary Public With Seal.
Oflire Over Sumter Savings Lank.
STOCK EXCHANGE FIRM FAILS.
Fisk & Robinson Forced to the
New York, Feb. 2.?Fisk & Robin
son, bond dealers and members of
the New York Stock Exchange, fail?
ed for a million dollars today. An in?
voluntary petition in bankruptcy was
filed by creditors In the United States
District Court late this afternoon, and
Erinson Winthrop was appointed re?
ceiver with a bond of $10,000. Shrink?
age in the value of railroad bonds
held by the firm caused the failure.
An honest man does not make him?
self a dog for the sake of a bone.?
Loans negotiated upon improv?
ed farms, payable in annual in?
stallments. No Commission.
Borrowers pay actual cost of per?
fecting Loan. For further infor?
mation apply to
JOHN B. PALMER & SON.
P. O. Box 282, Phone No. 1085.
Office Sylvan Bldg.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
TAX RETURNS FOR 1910.
COUNTY AUDITOR SUMTER CO.,
SUMTER, S. C, Dec. 3, 1909.
Notice is hereby given that I will
attend, In person or by deputy, at
the following places on the days In?
dicated, respectively, for the purpose
of receiving returns of real estate,
personal property, and poll taxes for
the fiscal year commencing January
Tindalls, Tuesday, Jan. 4th.
Privateer, (Jenkins* store,) Wed?
nesday, Jan. 5th.
Manchester, Levl's, Thursday. Jan.
Wedgefield, Friday, Jan. 7th.
Claremont Depot, Monday, Jan.
Hagood, Tuesday, Jan. 11th.
Remberts, Wednesday, Jan. 12th.
Dalzell, Thursday, Jan 13th.
W. T. Brogdon's Store, Friday,
Mayesvllle, Tuesday, Jan. 18th.
Shiloh, Wednesday, Jan. 19th.
Norwood's X Roads, Thursday,
Oswego, Friday, Jan. 21st.
All persons whose duty it Is to
make returns should be prompt to
meet me at these appointments. All
returns must be made before Feb.
J. DTOOS WILDER,
Auditor for Sumter Co.
Bx rnaa ??????
The Ballot. -
TEN VOTES FOR
lj| Subject to rules of The Ostecn Publishing Co/a Contest. Void
0 after February 19.
T F you desire to make a change see us. We offer
A the following desirable residences at reasonable
No. 204 West Liberty St., 8 room house, mode'n imprvm'nt 20 00
No. 130 BJ, Main St, 9 room house, with bath 24.00
No. 101 S. Sumter St., 8 room house 14.00
No. 101 S. Salem Ave., 7 room house, 18.00
Cor. Hazel and Chestnut Sts., 7 room house 14.00
Four 6-room houses on Haynsworth St., each 7.00
No. 9, S. Blanding Ave., 9room house 16.00
Two 5-rcom houses N. Salem Ave., at 8.00
One 5-room house Purdy St., near Broad St., at 8.00
We have several nice houses for sale close-in.
SUMTER REAL ESTATE & INSURANCE CO.,
HORSES, MULES. BUGGIES, WAGONS, HARNESS,
ILime, Cement, Acme Wall Plaster, Shingles, Laths,
I Fire Brick, Clay, Stove Flue and Drain Pipe, Etc.
All kinds, Horse, Cow, Hog and
Hay and Grain-Chicken peed
SEED OATS, WHEAT, RYE ARD RARLEY.
A car load or a single article. Come and see us, if
unable to do so, write, or phone No. io.
REST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
WHY BEAT THE DEVIL
AROUND THE BUSH?
If you want to get faked, get buncoed
properly! Don't try to fool yourin
sides?^They're your best friend.
When you Phone 85 for Columbia Bread, you get
Banner Bread baked by Reidlinger of Columbia, S.
C. When you crave for "The Staff of Life" Say?
"ME" for Guaranteed Groceries?The Home of Banner Bread.