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mWIY LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
Hi of Interest From ell Parte of
Samter end Adjoining Counties.
HOT I CS TO CORRESPONDBNTS.
Meli your Utters so that they will
Seeon this office not later than Mon?
day when Intended for Wednesday's
temper end not later than Thursday
?er Saturday's issue. This, of course,
eawilss only to regular correspond
essee. In ease of Items of unusual
um ralue. send In immediately by
seen telephone or telegraph. Sueh
jsiwe stortsa are acceptable up to the
is si of going to press. Wednesdays
Bfjpsjg is printed Tuesday afternoon
<ead Saturday's paper Friday after
Hummerton News letter.
Bummerton, Feb. 7 ?It can not be
many weeks before spring will glad?
den our hearts with her cher?
ished arrival; but at this time, visit?
ed as we are with typical winter
weather. It Is hard to believe that
only a short time separates us fiom
mete mild and pleasant days. Since
the middle of November there have
bessn in this section but few wi.rm
days; nor have there been many
rainy days, but for biting c61d and
strong winds this winter is far sur?
passing any recently spent. Those
who congratulated themselves three
months ago in having laid in a sup
ury of wood or coal sufficient to car?
ry them through the winter are look"
lag abut for re-lnforcements; and
only a few days since a car load of
eoal wee disposed of here within two
days after Its arlval.
Many farmers of this locality who
can use the power from gasoline
engines for so many different pur?
poses have Invested in private en?
gines, but as yet this as a means of
lighting has been employed but little
In town. It seems quite practicable,
in view of the fact that good keroslne
oil and good lamp burners are be?
coming almost unobtainable, that
Individuals or a number of individ?
uals conjointly might Install these
emrmee to their lighting purposes. Dr.
D. O. Rhame is Just in receipt of
a small engine, which he expects to
piece at his residence to furnish
lights therein. Until that day shall
arrive when an electric plant is put
fa Summerton. these gas plants are
destined to be substituted.
The Heroic Dutchman of 76"
shown in the Oraded School Audi?
torium of this place on Friday night
by the local talent of Panola was
quite a success from the financial
Standpoint as well as that of perfor?
mance. The character of the Dutch?
man taken by Mr. W. R. Davis, was
particularly well played, and the "be?
tween-acts" attractions presented by
Mr. D. C. Mason, attained to Mr.
Mason's usual degree of excellence.
The principal, Mr. Andrews, and his
asH*stant, Miss Friday, are to be con?
gratulated for their undertaking, es?
pecially so because of the purpose for
which the receipts are to be used,
namely, to procure a piano for the
On Friday afternon Mrs. J. Fred
Lanham entertained the Matrons
Book Club from 4 to 6. An inter?
esting and amusing contest was en?
tered by the members, who by their
asswers to certain perplexing quest?
ions showed their ability or inability
to adapt themselves to circumstances.
Mrs. Lanham. assisted by Mrs. W. R.
Mood served a dainty sweet course;
Upon each waiter was to be found
most appropriate favors in the shape
of books which proved to be boxes of
eandy. In spite of the cold afternoon
eery few memb .rs were forced to de?
cline Mrs. Lanham s hospitality?
As St. Valentine's Day approach
ee the young people of every '"set"
are eagerly anticipating a celebration
In some one of the many available
Miss Iva Bell Hughson of Sumter
was the guest of Mrs. L. K. Howie
and likewise Miss Msy Wells during
Mr. John Fewell. of Rock Hill Is
a visitor at the home of Mr. B. C.
Mr. Tim Howie, of Manning, spent
a day with his brother, Dr. L. K.
Howie, last wek.
Hon. O. C. Scarborough Is spending
today at home, the Legislature hav?
ing adjourned until Tuesday morn?
The monument to the memory of
the late Stephen A. LaCoste, a mem?
ber of Hollywood Camp, W. of W.,
was unvleled at Mt. Zlon Cemetry
Sunday at 11 o'clock by a delegation
from Hollywood Camp.
The ceremonies were conducted by
tee Consul commander of the campt
J. A. Warren, and the orator of the
occasion waa Capers C. Smith. S. H.
Kdmunds was the reader and there
was singing by the camp, scompanied
by a deatll from the Sumter band.
The attendance at the ceremonies
eras very large, there being present
about 350 members of the camp,
and about 250 onlookers.
THE COTTON CROP
HOW SOUTH CAROLINA FARM?
ERS MAY GET BEST RESULTS.
Minute Direction* as to Preparation,
Planting, Spacing, Cultivating Ap?
plication of Fertilizer and Depth, of
The foilowing statement of the
methods advocated by Dr. S. A.
Knapp, special agent in charg? of the
farmer's co-operative demonstration
work, will be of interest to cotton
For the beet results the held should
be ploughed in the early fell or win?
ter on moat soils, not later tian the
1st of December, and earlier, if pos?
If the farmer uses an ordinary
plough, then the fall ploughing
(breaking) should be 1 or S Inches
deeper than usual and the lurrorws
should be set on edge. If a disk
I plough can be secured, use It and
I plough as deep as possible. Full di?
rection for preparing the seed bed for
J cotton and corn are given In Crlcu
! lar No. "A"?*8, "Deep Fall Break
I ing and the Preparation of the Seed
Disk or harrow thoroughly before
I planting. Tillage Is manure. The
soil gets air by stirring, and plant
I food which could not otherwise be
used by the growing crop becomes
Most plants first throw out their
I feeding roots In the warm surface
I soil If finely pulverized, and 1 is best,
therefore, immediately before plant?
ing, to use a tooth or disk harrow,
I shallower than the ploughing.
Time spent In making a good.seed
I bed is not wasted. Oo over the field
J several times with the harrow if nec
Plant aa early as Is safe from frost.
I The actual date of planting depends
I on the locality. The important point
I is to plant as early as the weather
I and the soil conditions permit. More
I stands are lost by too early planting
I than by waiting till the weather and
I soli are warm. Nothing Is gained by
I planting before the soil has become
I warm enough for the seed to germl
I nate and the plant to make rapid
I Whether it is best to flat plant or
I plant on a bed is a question so whol
I ly local that every farmer must de
I termtne It for himself.
Depth of planting is a similar prob
I lern, dependent upon the soil, season,
I rainfall, climate, etc. Usually shal
I low planting Is best. The tendency
I is to plant too deep.
With rich soil more space will be
I required between the rows; with
I thinner soil, less.
The general rule for spacing row?
I is that the distance between the row?
I shall be a little more than the height
j of the cotton on the land In average
j years. Where cotton usually grows
I 2 or 3 feet high the rows should be
I from S 1-2 to 4 feet apart. Where
I cotton normally grows about 3 1-2
I feet high plant in rows 4 feet apart
I Where It grows 4 or 5 feet high put
I the rows 5 feet apart. It Is better to
I have the spaces between the rows a
I little too wide than too narrow. Air
I and sunlight are of the greatest 1m
I portance in pushing the crop to ma?
Plant early-maturing varieties of
J cotton. Some large-boll varieties are
I even better than the small-boll cot
I tons under weevil conditions because
I of a thicker calyx, and consequently
I the half-grown bolls are less likely
I to be punctured by the weevil.
If fertilizers are used, the follow
I Ing general rule should govern: On
I rich lands use mainly fertilizers that
I will stimulate the fruit and not the
I stalk growth. On lighter lands use
I more of the elements to force growth,
I combined with others which will ma
I ture the fruit.
High-grade acid phosphate, not less
j than 14 per cent, may be considered
I a basis for Increasing fruit and has
I tenlng maturity of crops. Even the
J richest land It has been demonstrat
I ed that a small percentage of nitro
I gen added to the acid phosphate
I gives belter results. For fairly rich
I soils mix 3 parts of acid phosphate
I and 1 part of cotton-seed meal.
A mixture of 1 part of cotton-seed
I meal to 2 parts of high-grade acid
I phosphate will greatly increase the
growing condition and will be better
for medium soils.
On thin or impoverished soils equal
quantities of cotton-seed meal and
acid phosphate can be used to ad?
In case the foregoing cannot be ob?
tained standard-grade commercial
fertilizers muy be used. These should
contain In the mixture not less than
8 to 10 per cent of avalh ble phos?
phoric acid and 2 to 3 per cent of
n 'rogen. Usually 1 to 2 p??r cent, of
potash Is sufficient, but In some sec?
tions more may be used v lth profit.
On fresh lands or lands where a
heavy crop of peas, beans or clover
has been turned under, a ilgh-grade
(14 per cent.) acid phosphf to may be
On black waxy land the best prac?
tice is to have the cotton follow a
crop of cowpeus.
Wtaere lands are greatly worn by
year* of cropping It Is better to raise
some green crop upon them, such as
rye or buckwheat, and turn It under
for renovation of the soil.
Air-slaked lime is of value for use
on stiff or gummy soils to loosen
them up, permit the air to enter, and
prevent a sour condition of such soils
when too wet.
The benefloeal effect of commercial
fertilizers depends largely upon the
presence of humus In the soil, hence
the importance of using stable man?
ure and ploughing under green crops.
In applying the foregoing Instruct?
ions the farmer must use consider?
able judgment and modify his practice
when necessary to fit local conditions*
How To Apply the Fertilizer After
the Soil Has J*ccn Thoroughly Pul?
In the absence of a good machine
apply the fertilizer as follows:
Mark out the rows or bed up
spacing as before stated, and distrib?
ute the fertilizer in rows. Follow
after with a shallow bull-tongue, or
scooter, to thoroughly mix the ferti?
lizer with the soil. The fertilizer
should be distributed several days be?
fore planting, as there is danger of
Injuring the seed If brought In im?
mediate contact with strong ferti?
lizer. A very careful mixing of the
fertilizer with, the soil Is necessary
for the same reason. On most soils
the judicious use of commercial ferti?
lizers Is advisable. On black waxy
land and some other soils stable man?
ure and humus seem to give the
Where lime is used, scatter it
broadcast when the lam' Is broken,
using about 4 barrels of air-slaked
lime per acre, or apply In the row
about 2 barrels per acre a short
j time before planting, mixing it thoro
I ughly with the soil.
Use a section harrow thoroughly
I before and after planting.
Begin cultivation as , soon as the
I cotton is up. A section harrow or
I weeder will do splendid work to
I loosen the surface soil at this time.
I In using It drive at right angles to
I the row.
Let the first cultivation after the
I harrow be deep, the later cultivations
I Cultivation every seven or ten days,
I weather and soil conditions permlt
I tingf, will be best. This allows on an
I average nine cultivations. All our
I instructions are based upon the
I theory that the Intelligent farmer has
I not allowed his crop to become
I grassy. If this is unavoidable,
I owing to continuous rains, the cotton
J should be cleared of grass and weeds
I as soon as possible and then the shal
I law cultivation continued as before.
I For shallow cultivation, when the
J corn is not too tall, the weeder stands
I first, but a narrowing sween does
I good work If the dirt is allowed to
I fall loosely over it.
Room for the Roots.
I If soil has been prepared as we
j direct, it generally contains sufficient
moisture for cotton. The safe advice
I is to cultivate shallow and let the
I roots have all the space possible for
J feeding. The unsafe advice is to
break shallow and to cultivate
deep. In regions of light rainfall
or of seml-aird condition a deeper
mulch may be found advisable.
It Is usually best to chop cotton
j twice, having It thicker at first than
necessary and afterwards thinning
I to the proper stand for the soil. The
J distance between plants in the rows,
J howew r, must be determined by the
usual growth of plant on such soil,
j It is our opinion, based on extensive
I te?-ts. that cotton should be planted
In hills properly spaced, so as to
j avoid most of the chopping out. A
J good seed bed and excellent seed are
I Bedding up land is a precaution
against a heavy rainfall after plant
I Ing. In sections where there is no
I danger from excessive moisture, flat
J planting is preferred, and In some
I cases It may be necessary to plant a
few Inches below the surface. Seeds
j must have moisture, but they must
be kept out of standing water in
I the soil.
UNION EDUCATOR DIES.
Dr. H. G. Clifford Called to his Re?
ward After Long Illness.
Union, Feb. 5.?Dr. B. G. Clifford
died at his home in this city about
12 o'clock last night. The end came
suddenly, though his death was not
unexpected, as he has been In declin?
ing health for a number of years. Dr.
Clifford was born In Haverhlll, New
Hampshire, on December 1,1843.
He came South at an early age and
graduated from Davidson College In
his 26th year, and became a Presby?
terian minister, in which capacity he
served a number of churches In this
county and elsewhere. In the War
between the States he served as a
private In Company D, 23rd regiment,
North Carolina Volunteers.
Dr. Clifford was married on Jan?
uary 4. 1874, to Miss Mary C. Soo
fleld, and after moving to Union, Dr.
and Mrs. Clifford conducted schools,
later founding Clifford Female
Seminary, of which he was president
at the time of his death.
APPROPRIATIONS ARE $144,913.63
GREATER THAN LAST YEAR.
General Appropriation? Are Lese But
New and Additional Appropriation?
Amount to $150.000 ? Graydon
Child Deed Bill Sent To The Hous^
Columbia, Feb. 4.?The Richards
pistol toting bill was hilled on the
third reading in the house.
All the Asylum bills were made
special orders for next Tuesday.
The Wells bill prohibiting any de?
duction for bagging or ties in cot?
ton business passed the house.
The house passed the bill provi?
ding for circularizing the public
schools in the campaign for the
prevention of tuberculosis and other
The Senate did not reach a vote on
the Graydon milage book bill, but
no further amendments were adop?
ted. A similar bill in the house was
mrde the special order for Tuesday.
Columbia, Feb. 5.?The appro?
priation bill was handed in today.
The total appropriations are $1,777,
352.82 for this year. Last year they
were $1,632,439.19. The Increase Is
$144,913.63. The bill carries an ad?
ditional appropriation for the Asylum
of $71.000.00. On account of this
being election year it carries $31.
000.00 in excess of last year. For the
Citadel, it carries $35.000.00 more
than last year for additional fourth
story to the building and, owing to
the burning of the Dormitory of the
Negro College $14.000.00 to replace
it. making a total of $156,500 ad?
ditional and new appropriations;
therefore, the general appropriations
carried by the bill this year are
several thousand dollars less than
The senate gave Graydon child
deed bill the final reading and sent
it to the house. Otherwise both
houses devoted the time to local and
uncon' *ste matters.
Columbia, Feb, 7.?Springs beats
Claffey for Lieutenant Colonel, twenty
four to fifteen.
DRAINAGE ITEM THROWN OUT.
Representative Lever Much Disturb?
ed by an Act of the House.
Washington, Feb. 5.?Represent?
ative Lever is much disturbed be?
cause of the fact that during the
consideration of the agricultural ap?
propriation bill on Thursday Repre
senative Perkins, of New York,
made a point of order against the
item in the bill which carried the ap?
propriation for the continuance of
work of drainage investigations, and
thus knocked it out of the bill. Mr.
Lever made a strong but unsuccessful
personal appeal to Mr. Perkins to
withdraw the point of order and
permit this work to go on.
This is a division of the department
which Is doing especially fine work
in South Carolina, areas having
been investigated and reported upon
near Charleston, Georgetown and
Columbia, and requests are now on
file for surveys near Colur ia and
on James Island.
Unless this Item can be put back
In the bill when It reaches the Senate,
the good work of this division and all
it meant to the lower part of South
Carolina will have to be discontinued.
Mr. Lever called this matter to the
attention of Senator Simmons of
North Carolina today and in a con?
ference with him, and expressed the
hope that the Senate committee
would act favorably upon his sug?
gestion that this item of $80,000,
Involving so much to the swamp
lands of the country, be acted upon
favorably by the committee. Un?
less this is done no more such inves?
tigations will be made after June 30,
MEETS DEATH UNDER WAGON.
\\ illlamsburg Farmer Killed while
on his Way Home.
Kings^ree, Feb. 5.?J. B. Lemon,
living across Black River, on the
Manning road, left Kingstree last
evening about sundown, driving a
mule in an open wagon. This morn?
ing early passers found him ly'ng
face down in the ditch by the road?
side, the head burled in the mud and
water, the wagon turned upside
down on top of him, and the mule
down on her side In the mud and
water almost frozen, tied up In the
harness. Lemon's body was frozen
stiff and he had been dead for many
hours. In his pockets were found
a purse containing $19 and three let?
ters unopened, one from the Germo
feert Company, of Charleston. A bot?
tle of Hayner's whiskey, half emptied,
was found under the wagon. Lemon
was said to have left town tilth
about $100 on his person. The ver?
dict of the coroner's jury was that
J. B. Lemon came to his death by
the upsetting of his wagon In the
ditch, he being pinned down !n Ute
water by its weight.
COTTON GOODS TRADE FAIR.
While Business Did Not Become
Active, Hesitation in Buying De?
creased During Week.
New York. Feb. 6.?Hesitation in
buying cotton goods decreased as the
week drsw to a close, and while
trade is not yet active, there li ?
very fair business being done. Job?
bers have not gone behind the selling
of 1908, ami the slight weaknes-s
shown in the primary market '?.as
not been reflected in jobbing prices,
which from the start of the season
were below a parity of 15-ccnts cot?
There has been a very good tilde
done In the leading lines of fall c?u
ton. During the past week, advances
of 1-4 cent a yard were made on mot"
tied flannels, and of 5 per cent, on
Nashua cotton blankets and twilled
flannels. In napped cottons for fall
delivery the business booked has
been in excess of that of last year.
Drills and sheetings continue quiet.
Print cloth m Id to extent of 50,000
pieces for the weak at Fall River.
The mills have reached a point where
they will sell nothing but spots or
nearby goods unless buyers will pav
nearer to a basis of actual cotton.
Fall ginghams have sold well and
the Lancaster line has been sold up
and withdrawn. Staple prints are in
quiet request at shortened discounts.
Bleached cottons have been selling a
little better, arid agents expect that
present values will hold for the sea?
son. Mills are disposed to curtail, In
preference to building up stock from
high priced contons. Export trade H
quiet, the best business going on be?
ing done with Manila.
AVANT STILL IN PRISON.
Slayer of Mrs. Bigiiam to be Releas?
ed when he Furnishes $3,000 Bond.
Columbia, Feb. 3.?W. B^ Avant
has not been released from the Peni?
tentiary yet. Capt. D. J. Griffith, the
superintendent of th>e Penitentiary,
stated tonight that the bond of $3,
000, double the original, required by
the Supreme Court, had not been
furnished by Avant.
The order of the Supreme Court is
"This is a proceeding in habeas
corpus for the discharge of the petit
loner from alleged Illegal confine?
ment In the State prison under an
order from Walter H. Wells, solicitor
of the 12th circuit, based upon the
ground that no notice in writing was
served within the time required by
law, (ten days,) signifying the Inten?
tion of the defendant to appeal from
the sentence imposed upon him by
his Honor. Judge Watts, that he be
confined In the State Penitentiary for
a period of three years.
"The question in this proceeding
is not whether the appeal was prop?
erly taken, exparte Hutto, 78 S. C,
560, but whether the sollctor cou'd
make an order directing the sheriff to
rearrest the defndant and deliver i?im
to the authorities of the State Peni?
tentiary, after the deefndant had
given bond under an order of his
Honor, Judge Watts, in which it is
recited that the deefndant had serv?
ed notice of appeal.
"The order of his Honor, at most,
was only voidable and not void and
could not be disregarded or set aside,
except in a proper proceeding for
"As the order of the solicitor di?
recting the sheriff to arrest the de?
fendant and deli\ ?r him to the au?
thorities of the State prison was
without authority of law, the defend?
ant is entitled to be discharged frora
his present confinement and It is so
ordered, upon entering into a recog?
nizance in the sum of $3,000, with
two or more good and sufficient sur?
eties, conditioned to abide the result
of his alleged appeal."
LEGACIES FOR WOFFORD AND
Former Gets Bequest of $2,000 and
the Latter $1,000 From Estate of
John W. Tuesdell.
Lancester. Feb. 6.?The will of
John W. Tuesdell, who died recently
at his home in Kershaw, was probat?
ed in Camden Friday, T. S. Carter of
Lancester being the executor. After
giving to his widow, Mrs. Elizabeth
F. Tuesdell. $:,000 absolutely and the
rents and profits of all his real estat?
during her life, the testator leaves
the sum of $1,)00 to Epworth orphan?
age, near Columbia, to be used as a
nucleus for a new building fund; and
the sum of $2.000 to Wofford college,
at Spartanburg, the same to be known
as th<* John W, Tuesdell loan fund,
to be lent to "he young men desirous
of entering- the institution who are
without the requisite means to do so,
said sum to be loaned In such man?
ner and upon such terms as the offi?
cers Of said college shall direct.
The remainder of the estate, both
personal and real, Is left to tlve
Mehodlst church at Kershaw, the
same to be permanently invested and
only the revenues therefrom to be
used, as the proper officers of srid
church shall direct.
BXPUMHOM KILLS SKVKX MEN.
Motorman Drives Vehicle C*U? to
SputMag Fuse and Pay's Penalty
Phoenix. Ariz.. Feb. 6.?Heedless
of the warning of a foreman in
charge of excavating operations along
the line of the private motor road
from Kelvin to the Ray Copper
mines, the motorman of a gasoline
ear containing six passengers ran his
c:,r close to a sputtering fuse of a
heevy charge of dynamite today and
the car and Its seven occupants were
blown to atoms.
The foreman had discovered -a
missing shot in the excavation at noon
and before the motor car came in
sight he had relighted the fuse. As
the car approached he signaled to
the motorman and warned him of
the Impending explosion. Motorman
Lyalle, believing that he could take
his car past the charge to safety,
paid no heed to the warning and
started again at full speed.
Just as the car was passing the
charge the explosion came and the
car, with Its load of human freight,
was blown high In the air amid a
great cloud of debris. The dead men
were all prominent in mining affairs
COSTS LESS IX SOUTH.
Sworn Statements of Department of
Agriculture Sliow Difference In Ex?
Washington, Feb. 6.?The differ?
ences in the cost of living for the
traveling employes of the depart?
ment of agriculture In the different
sections of the country has been
shown in testimony just submitted to
the house committee on expenditures
in the department of agriculture by
Chief Disbursing Officer Zappone of
In the South the expense for lodg?
ing and meals, as shown by sworn
expense statements, averages be?
tween $1 and $2.50 a. day; In the far
West $2 and $3.50; in the central
West $3.50 and $4.E0, and in the
East $4 to $6.
BOYCOTT IS UXLAWFUL.
Verdk't of $222,000 Awarded Against
Hartford, Conn., Feb. 4.?"It Is
a new declaration of independence,"
is what Attorney Daniel Davenport
calls the verdict of $222,000 rendered
today in the United States court by
the Jury in the suit of D. S. Loewe of
Danbury against 200 hat makers of
this State for alleged conspiracy.
After having been out over two hours
the jury ordered actual damages of
$74,050 to the plaintiff but as the
suit was brought under the Shermsm
anti-trust law triple damages can be
recovered. The action grew .out of the
boycott instituted against the plain?
tiff's goods following a strike of its
voikmen in the summer of 1902.
There was a remarkable scene in
court when the verdict was announc?
ed. The defendants in attendance
were stunned for a time and then in
groups dejectedly discussed the blow.
It is estimated t>.at the costs in the
case will amount to at least $10,000.
and these with the counsel fees may
bring the bill against the United Hat?
ters of North America to fully $250,
000. The verdict in the case is said to
be the most important of its kind
ever rendered in this country.
The plaintiff, D. E. Loewe, said
that if he had not won he would have
had to go out of business.
Judge Platt In his charge practi?
cally instructed the Jury to bring In
a verdict for the plaintiff. Hhe said
the only question for them to decide
was one of damages, and these were
to be based upon the losses sustain?
ed by the plaintiff between July, 1902,
and September. 1903, the period
during which the boycott against the
Loewe factory was maintained.
A bill of exceptions will be filed
by the defendants and the case will
be carried to the federal court of ap?
peals and the United States supreme
court. The suit, which was for $240.
000 damages, has been on trial for
11 weeks. It was instituted by the
Anti-Boycott society through Mr.
Loewe, but it is understood the
damages awarde 3 are to go to the
Danbury hat makers.
W EPT HIMSELF TO DEATH.
I^exlngton Child Cried so Violently
as to Burst Blood Vessel.
Lexington, Feb. 6.?Carlisle, the
2-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs. Hask
ell Shull of near I*exington, died last
night about 7 o'clock, under most
peculiar circumstances. The little
fellow was Innocently playing In the
room, when he mashed his finger be?
tween a door. The child is said to
have cried with such force as possibly
to cause the rupture of a blood vess?
el, and death soon followed, the little
one crying until death relieved its
suffering. Medical aid was given
the little fellow promptly, and every?
thing possible was done to relieve
the trouble, but to no avail. The
child, however, had been having a
slight attack of the croup, which n>>
doubt helped to bring on death.