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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 12, 1910, Image 1',
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HUB flUMTER WATCHMAN,
ConMilldated Aug. 2,188
Cbr Waft bin m anb Sontbron.
Pa Mi shed WeriiHwday and Saturday
?STEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
8UMTBR, 8. a
U M par annum?In advance.
Square drat Insertion.Il.it
Contracts for three moi
will be made at redu<
All communications which eub
privat? laUraata will ha charged
tea aa advertisements
Pact we list and tribute* of respects
will te oh arge d tor.
VOHT IN WATEREE SWAMP.
J. M. Twrhev Ha* Been Goae for a
Dsvg and Night and Dthgetit Search
Failed to Find Trace of Him.
Mogltah. Fab. I.?A lot of excite?
ment la aroused among the family
and friend* of J. af. Tucker of this
Mr. Tucker left early yesterday
morning to go Into the Wataree
t swamps to look after a herd of hogs,
tip to now ha has not returned and
no Information of any kind can be
obtained. Last night a party com?
posed of relatives and friends spent
the entire night making an unsuccess?
ful attempt searching for him. There
j 1* nothing to indicate what is wrong,
but l. more diligent search will be
ANOTHITR SEMIXOLE SWINDLE.
Southern Agency's Affairs
Tied I p by Court.
Chattanooga. Tenn, Feb. 7.?The
Great Southern Agency Company, an
Arlaona corporation, with headquart?
ers kn this city, headed by C. J. Her?
bert, was in Chancery Court to-day
through an injunction obtained by
r Attorneys Williams and Smith, of
this city, and Frank P. Bond, of
NauhvllN. representing stockholders
holding several thousand dollars'
worth ol stock.
The injunction restrains the de?
fendant company from paying out
P any money In Its poseeslaon, parti?
cularly to the Great Southern Insur?
ance Company, a corporation that
Mfef^Aftlcy company is charged with
lag of lit own shares.
Three stockholders obtained an
W Injunction restraining the complain?
ants'.la I.he cross bill from suing the
comftjAy. AH the assets are at
taoJsiif ' Meeers. Williams, .Smith
and wMd, having executed bonds of
122.fee for the attachments and In
l Junctlloe. /
* All manner of charges of fraud
and misrepresentation are made.
The caao com aa up for hearing In
March. The Great Southern Agency
Com pan' Is said to have 18,00*1 Share?
holders In the South.
The salt involves directly upwards
I. of IKO.OOO, which amount, it la al
T leaed. Is all there Is left of over $400.
eeO collected by the company from
Her">ert Wanted In this State.
Columbia. Fab. 7.?C. J. Herbert,
president of the Southern Agency
Company, la now under indictment in
South Carolina, in connection with
the Sernlnole Securities deal, for
fraud. In which John T. Garllngton
and J. Stobo Toung were convicted
last month. Oovcrnor Ansel, of
South Carolina. Issued requisition
papers for Herbert, but Qovernor
V Fatterson. of Tenneasee, refused to
honor the requisition, though giving
no definite reason for his refusal.
The Indictment charges Herbert,
together with officers of the Southern
Ufa Insurance Comapny, of Fayette
ville. V C and the Sernlnole Se
V ourltlea Company, with "conspiracy
f and obtaining money and other prop?
erty by false pretence and misrepre
sen tat lona"
It was Hebert who engineered the
deal by which the Sernlnole Securi?
ties Company purchased the stock of
th* Southern Life, and it was alleged
that Hebert's commission was exor?
\? tor Commits Suicide.
Augusta. Feb. 8.?W. w. Ibams
Iof Chicago, an employe in "The Cat
and F'ddle" musical extravagan/.a,
committal suicide to-night, drinking
carbolic .icld. Ho did his work at
the matinee and was present In h
theatre when the performance be^an
tonight. He left and returned to bis
hotel and drank the poison. A love
raffair with <>ri?> of the company Is
supposed to be the cause.
Six hundred hsdsjg of Egyptian cot
t"t\. consigned to cotton mills In the
upper part of the State, have been
received at Charleston.
Ished April, 1850.
?Be Jost Ai
SCHOOL CHILDREN HUNGRY.
TARIFF LAW DOES XOT HELP
15,000 LITTLE ONES IX
Texas Congressman Draws Statistics
On Boutell, I>efemler of Payne
A l?l rich Iniquity?Makes Warm
Washington, Feb. 8.?Five thou?
sand children who attend the public
tichools In Chicago are habitually
hungry, and 10,000 other children in
that city are not sufficiently nourish"
ed, according to a letter from the su?
perintendent of schools of Chicago
from which Representative Henry
(Tex.) read excerpts in the house to
"Texas," declared Mr. Henry, re?
plying to a recent speech in defense of
the new tariff law. delivered hyf Rep?
resentative Boutell (111.), "Is pros?
perous In spite of the Payne-Aldrich
tariff bill. If that law had anything
to do with the prosperity of Texas,
why does It not bring prosperity to
Chicago and other great cities of this
Again replying to Mr. Boutell's
speech, Mr. Henry said he did not
think the -price of cotton was y>o
high, nor were any other farm prod?
ucts too high, on the farm. Cotton
being on the free list, was not affect
<J by the tariff, he declared, but its
price was fixed by the markets of the
"Yet," he added, "cotton ties and
ootton bagging are taxed for the ben?
efit of the steel trust."
Referring to high prices, Mr. Henry
was Interrupted by Mr. Boutell, who
said that with prime heavy beef sell?
ing on the hoof In Texas at $100, he
dlj not see how the people of Chicago
could buy them at $6 on the hoof.
"Does the gentleman ' from Te::as
want to reduce the tariff on cattle?"
Inquired Mr. Boutell.
"I will repeal the duty on beef if
the gentleman from Illinois will h dp
put every member of the beef tr ist
m the penitentiary'." retorted Mr.
"To whom doe* the gentleman ra?
rer?" asked Mr. Boutell.
"To the beef trust."
"But to whom does the gentleman
"Don't you know?'" asked Mr. Hun
ry. "Then the 15,000 hungry child?
ren" oTTTtTcaPro shotttd haunt the gon
tleman from Illinois."
Mr. Boutell, replying to statements
by Mr. Henry, declared that today
there were no hungry children in 'he
public schools of Chicago, that that
statement applied only to conditions
attending the panic of 1907.
Mr. Boutell at length revlevect
conditions in Texas to show the pros?
perity of that State which he claimed
was the result of national Republican
policies giving stability to the business
affairs of the State.
Henry's Statement Verlfled.
Chicago, Feb. 8.?The statement
that 5,000 children In Chicago go to
school hungry each day and that 10,
000 more are not properly nourished
was verified today by Assistant Su?
perintendent John D. Shoop.
"I am certain the figures are not
overdrawn," said Mr. Shoop. "I know
from personal observation that many
children do not make progress in
school because they do not receive
good nourishing, food."
McLEOD FOR LOCAL OPTION.
Lieutenant Governor will not be In
Gubernatorial Race on High Li?
Columbia, Feb. 9.?Lieutenant
Governor Thomas O. McLeod made
the following statement to-night for
The News and Courier:
"Your correspondent states in to?
day's communication to your pa.ier
that as the situation appears today
there would be a high license candi?
date for Governor, and that I wo aid
be that candidate. In Justice to riy
self, I beg to state that this state?
ment was without authority from me,
and Is Incorrect. I will be a candi?
date for Governor this year, and as
far as the liquor question Is concern?
ed, will advocate local option. This
statement I have heretofore made
and now reiterate. Of course, tharc
are other mattery of far reach
importance. Upon these I will an?
nounce at the proper time.
(Malted) "Thomas (i. McLeod."
J. T. Klneald, a newa butcher run?
ning out of Augusta was arrested at
Laura na Tuesday for selling llqu< r,
W. H. Avant has not Bucoeeded In
raising t:; $3ooo bond required to
obtain his release from the peni?
tentiary whero he Is confined for
killing Mrs. BUham.
ad Fear not?Ix?t all the ends Thou AUx
rER. S. C, SATURD
WAVES BLOODY SHIRT.
IDAHO SENATOR TAKES A FLING
AT THE SOUTH.
Resolution to Lend Government Tents
For Use at Alabama Confederate
Veterans* Reunion Provokes Pas?
sionate Speech From Westerner?
His Protest in Vain, Every Repub?
lican Senator Voting With Demo?
Washington, Feb. 7.?Protesting
against loaning government tents for
the use of the Confederate Veterans
at their annual reunion in Mobile,
Ala., next April, Senator Heyburn, of
Idaho, In the senate late today, made
the sharpest comment upon the is?
sues of the civil war that has been
heard in Congrtrs in twenty years.
He inveighed against men in "re?
bel" uniform oeing permitted to oc
cvupy government property, or the
"rebel" flag being allowed to float
above it. Finally he drifted into the
question of honoring men by placing
their statues in the Congressional
hall of fame, and by unmistakable in?
ference condemned the action of Vir?
ginia in sending the statue of Gen.
Robert E. Lee, to Washington.
"Take it away and worship it if
you please," he thundered, "but do
not intrude it upon the people who
do not want It."
Democratic senators moved un?
easily about the floor, conversing
with each other or sat frowning and
angered, listen'ng to the speech. Fin?
ally when Senator Heyburn had con?
cluded, Senator Eankhead said:
'I am sure the Senator from Ida?
ho feels much Letter, and I ask for a
"By roll call," shouted a dozen or
more Senators, and hands went up In
a second to that request from every
part of the Senate chamber. When
the vote was held on the tent*loan?
ing measure all of the Democrats and
all of the Republicans except Mr.
Heyburn, voted for it. His negative
vote was uttered in a loud and defiant
This measure was reached near the
close of tho session. Mr. Heyburn
was prompt, to raise an objection,
and Mr. Bankhead Just as alert in
moving the "nmbideratlon, regardless
of the objection. It immediately was
evident that the objection roused some
feeling, for with a flushed face and
animated voice. Mr. Bailey declared
that If this measure was to be ruled
out of order no other business could
The Bankhead motion being unde
batable, the Senate Immediately pro?
ceeded to an aye and nay vote on
the question as to whether the reso?
lution should be taken up, and it was
adopted unanimously, Mr. Heyburn
himself refraining from voting.
With the resolution adopted, Mr.
Heyburn took the floor, made a
speech Jn which he went over many of
the Issues of the war and declared
himself as much a patriot now as he
had been In 1862-1863-1864.
The Southern Senators held a hur?
ried consultation, while the Idaho
Senator was proceeding and decided
to make no reply.
It so chanced that Mr. Heyburn's
colleague, Senator Borah, of Idaho,
was the first of the Republicans to be
reached in the roll-call. He voted
in favor of the adoption of the reso
LATHAN TO SUCCEED ITEMPHILL.
Will be Editor of The News and
Courier After Major Hemphlll Goes
to New Field in Virginia.
Charleston, Feb. P.?The friends of
MaJ. J. C. Hemphlll will tender him
a banquet tomorrow night at the
Commercial club. It will be a sort of
a gridiron club affairs. It i3 under?
stood, designed to keep the dinner
frcm assuming a too solemn aspect.
There will be a number of interest?
ing and amusing stunts and MaJ.
Hrmphill will not be permitted to
*hink of the function as being In the
rature of a farewell affair, although
It will prove a memorable event to
MaJ, Hemphlll and all who attend it,
Maj. Hemphlll will leave Charleston
In about two weeks for Richmond,
where he goes to edit The Times-Dis?
Robert Lathan Will succeed MaJ.
Hemphlll a? editor of The News and
Courier. He is a young man of abili?
ty, well trained and experienced in
editorial work and his many Charles?
ton frlenda are delighted that he is to
aucceed to the position.
The Carolina Brick and Tile Com?
pany of Charlotte will establish a
plant in i;reenvllle.
The lumber plant of Williams A
McKelthan at Darlington was de?
stroyed by lire. Loss $65,000.
ta't at be thy Couutry'3, Tliy God's ar
AY. FEBRUARY 12,
PINGHOT EXP8SES GRAFT.
TEMPORARY CHIEF FORESTER
FLAYED BY PREDECSSOR.
Solicitor or the Department of Agri?
culture Accused by Deposed For?
ester of Issuing Secret Orders to
Abolish Ranger Schools?Misrepre?
sentation Also Alleged.
New York, Feb. 9.?Gifford Pln?
chot, deposed chief forester of the
United States, but still loyal to his
policies as president of the national
conservation commission, defended
the rangers of the forest service In
a speech delivered before the Nation?
al Arts Club, in New York, and bit?
terly assailed the action of George P.
McCabe, solicitor of the department
of agriculture, who as temporary
chief, after Pinchot's dismissal, took
action to abolish the collegiate train?
ing of foresters at government ex?
pense. This action Mr. Plnchot de?
scribed as a "secret attack on the
service, prostitution of the law, a
method so effectively used by special
interests against the people and a
cruel and neiedless loss."
'He spoke, in part, as follows:
"Now let me give you the best il?
lustration I have seen in recent years
of how a public officer under pretext
of obedience to the law may traffic
with It and abuse it to the public in
"Upon my dismissal the solicitor of
the department of agriculture (Geo.
P. McCabe,) pending the arrival of
another officer from the field, was
made acting forester for three or
four days. It appears that he learn?
ed then of the ranker schools at the
four State unlverslt'es and sent tele?
grams to the disbursing officer in the
field to pay no expense connected
with them. These telegrams were
kept secret from e\ery member in
the service In Washington, except the
stenographer, wI?o wrote them. With
equal concealment from all the men
In the forest service a letter was pre?
pared and sent to the comptroller
asking for a speedy advance decision
as to tho legality of the ranger
schools. This letter was clearly 'n
tended, and was so framed, as to se?
cure a decision against the schools,
and It was successful In doing so.
"This letter is a misrepresentation
because it omits to state the central,
essential and incontrovertible facts,
First, that the forest survey must
have trained rangers, and, second,
that it can get them only by training
them after they enter the service."
Referring to Mr. McCabe's action,
Mr. Plnchot says:
"Both as solicitor and acting for?
ester, he was in honor and duty
bound to forward the work of the
forest service ?y every lawful means
at his command. By his official po?
sition he was its counsel and advo?
cate. Yet he made no attempt to as?
sist tho service In this matter. On
the contrary he led the secret attack
upon it and used anxious and success?
ful care that no attempt to defend
its course should be made by any
other man. The men of the forest
service were first Informed that the
legality of their work was in question
only after adverse judgment had been
rendered without giving them any
"I am not concerned with the mo?
tive behind this indefensible sacrifice
of the public welfare. It Is a typical
illustration of a certain way to obey
the law. Of course, it is not obed?
ience to the law at all, but the pros?
titution of the law. It is the method
so effectively used by the special in?
terests against the people, and there
is nothing to be said in its favor."
KILLS ESCAPING CONVICT.
F. L. Fleming, (.uard of Clarendon
County Chaingang, Shoots Down
Fleeing Negro Prisoner.
Manning, Feb. 8.?A middle-aged
negro convict, working on the county
chaingang, made a dash for liberty
yesterday and was shot and killed by
the guard, F. L. Fleming. The guard
was armed with a double-barreled1
Shotgun, which was loaded with one
charge of small shot and another of
heevy shot. He first find the small
charge, with the hope of stopping the
fugitive, but as it did not have the
desired effect he fired the heavy
charge, and 'he fleeing convict fell
dead. The shot entered the back
:uid passed through the lungs. The
convict had served about four years
of a ten-year sentence.
At the coroner's inquest the jury
found a verdict in accordance with
the facts ;is stated and declared the
The Insurgents seem to have given
up the war dance for the party co?
tillon. Washington Post.
d Truth's." THE TRU
1910. Sew 8er
P1NCH0T AS A CRITIC.
AS NEW PRESIDENT OF CONSER?
VATORS, HE SENDS IN RE
Says It ' Contains No Sufficient Anti
Monopoly Clause," and "One May
Re Evaded With Ease."
Washington, Feb. 9.?The necessity
for the passage at the present session
of congress of good laws for the pro?
tection of the natural resources of
the United States, is the keynote of
a report Just made to the National
Conservation Association by Gifford
Pinchot, the recently chosen presi?
dent of the association.
Mr. Pinchot takes up in what ho
calls "a spirit of constructive critic?
ism" the nine bills relating to the
conservation of natural resources in?
troduced into congress on January 18
on behalf of the Secretary of the In?
terior, one of which has been report
I ed from the Senate Public Lands
Committee, while the other eight are
still in the hands of the association
to put foith Ftiong efforts to have en?
acted into law the bill on the with?
drawal of public lands which has
been reported from the committee by
Senator Nelson, after it had been
amended as a result in part, at least,
of conferences between the commit?
tee and officers of the conservation
association. This bill, Mr. Pinchot
thinks, should have the "unqualified
support of the members' of the asso?
Of the other eight bills he believes
that some merely require amendment,
while others must be recast altogeth?
er The coa* V ill and the phosphate
oil, asphaltum and natural gas bill,
he reports, are fundamentally sound
in principle but need some amend?
ment. They wisely separate, he says,
the surface of the land from the un?
derlying minerals and provide for the
disposal of the minerals by lease and
not by sale.
But the coal bill, he objects, con?
tains no sufficient anti-monopoly
clause. The clause which purports
to regulate rates to be charged the
public is so framed that it may be
evaded with ease. Another clause of
the bill, he adds "may reduce the
standard of mining to the wasteful
level of the 'prevailing commerce
In regard to the bill for ihe sur?
vey of railroad land grants he ex?
presses the opinion that it will en?
able the railroads properly to per?
fect title3 to their lands, "but it over?
looks the long-pending understand?
ing between eeita'n of the roads and
ihe Forestry S? rvlce for the return "#f
railroad lands within the national
forests to the United States in return
for the right to cut in one body an
amount of timber equal to that on the
lands returned." This understand?
ing, he says, requires only legislation
to make it effective.
Speaking on the Water-power bill
Mr. Pinchot declares that "it repeals
In silence the existing water-power
law and curtails the already ample
power now exercised, with the ap?
proval of a former attorney general*
by the department of agriculture."
The provision of the bill for the com?
pensation to the government by the
companies, he holds, is good. Wa?
ter-power sites shuld be protected
from private appropriation under the
land laws, he says, and it should be
made possible to Issue to the com?
panies permits good for and definite?
ly terminating at the end of 50 years.
The fault found by Mr. Pinchot
with the Reclamation bill is that it
opens reclaimed lands to absentee
landlords and to speculators.
The worst feature of the bill for
the sale of timber and timber lands,
he declares, Is that it replaces the ob?
jectionable feature of the Timber and
Stone act, which was the inducement
to speculation In government timber,
with provisions which promote spec?
ulation and retard the development
of agricultural and mineral hands far
beyond the act it repeals.
In falling to separate the surface
from the underlying mineral the bill
for the classification of public lands
is Inconsistent with the Coal bill, he
??Tin? Withdrawal bill as amended
and reported by Senator Neleon
makes easy/' says Mr. Pinchot. "the
protection of all natural resources on
the public domain until good laws
can be passed."
The whole Influence of the conser?
vation association, he declares, should
be thrown behind this bill.
l>. v. Miller, white, of Greenvtlh
<u< <\ nf io? k Jaw resluttng from a
knife wound Inflicted by Will Foster.
Well, if politics is kept out of the
i - usus this year it will be the first
time.- -Indianopolls News.
K SOUTHRON, Established June, IHM
ies?Vol XXX. *<o. 49.
ON THE ANXIOUS BENCH.
REPUBLICANS PEAB THE RE?
SULT OF THE FOOD INVES?
Presentation of the Facts May Have
Disastrous Effect Upon the Coining
Washington, Feb. 9.?Whether the
senate and house will conduct rival
investigations into the causes of the
high cost of the i ecessaries of life is
a question that concerns the Repub?
lican political leaders more deeply
than any other problem now before
congress. If both bodies conduct such
an examination they fear that differ?
ent conclusions may be reached and
that such differing reports, on the
eve of the congressional elections,
would be likely to prove embarass
ing to the Republican majority.
Nevertheless the Republicans of the
senate apparently are determined to
order such an Inquiry and conduct It
with the utmost dispatch, regardless
of the views of the house leaders on
The Lodge resolution, which was
reported from the senate committee
I on finance, has been amended as to
I provide for a committee of seven
I senators, and it probably will be re
I ported today from the committee on
I contingent expenses. The enlarged
I committee will give Senator Elklns
I opportunity to serve as one of the
I investigators if he cares to do so, and
I will unite the Republicans In favor of
I the Inquiry. There is a possibility
I tyhat the investigation proposed by
I the house committee on ways and
I means may not be ordered but no de
I cislon has thus far been reached.
That the inquiry will be virtually
I political in character is admitted on
I every side. The Republican leaders
I concede that the agitation over the
I cost of living will play a prominent
I part in the congressional campaigns
I and they show no disposition to dls
I guise their purposee to "fix up their
I fences" as well as they can.
1 Especially they want it would
1 seem, to refute the charge that the
[tariff is responsible for the increase.
I The Republicans have brDught forw
I ard the theory that the expensive
I methods used by American merchants
I in advertising and distributing their
I goods is largely responsible for h'.gh
I prices. They will try to show that
I there is a wide difference between
I wholesale and retail prices and that
I the tariff is not responsible for these
I It is reported that President Taft
I desires the effect of the tariff upon
I necessaries of life to be determined
I by the inquiry, however it is conduct
I ed, and that he will not tolerate any
I effort to gloss over any ill effects that
I may be disclosed. He has not ex
I pressed himself publicly on this sub
Appropriation bills will continue to
I occupy the attention of the house
I during the coming week but in the
I senate an effort will be made to com
I plete the postal savings bark bill In
I order to have a vote not later than
I Thursday or Friday. Of. the presl
I dent's policies It Is likely that the
I Statehood bill next will be conslder
I ed by the senate.
Practically no Interest is btdng
I taken by either hearings on the ad
I ministration bill for the creation of
I a court of commerce and amending
I the railroad rate laws. Open sessions
I have been held but few members of
I congress have taken the trouble to
I Investigate the progress, and even
I the members of the committee have
I not shown the interest usual to such
I legislation. There is a disposition to
I pass the bill In about the form In
I which it was presented by Attorney
I General Wickersham. The hearings
I are little more than perfunctory.
I Friends and enemies of ship sub
I sidy legislation in the house are lin?
ing up for a sharp contest. There is
nothing to indicate when a vote may
be had on the bill, however. Legis?
lation of this character has never
been successful In the house al?
though it has passed the senate on
several occasions. It is likely that
the subsidy measure will pass the
senate and If held up In the bouse
will be sent to that body as a r:der
on the postoffice appropriation bill.
The postoffice appropriation bill
will be completed by the house com?
mittee In all probability before the
close of the week, but the indications
are that the diplomatic and consular
bill and the Indian appropriation bill
will prevent Its com.deration.
There Is a number of Important
hearings scheduled for the week, In?
cluding one on Tuesday before the
house comm'ttee on agriculture, to
prevent gambling In futures of pro?
duct! of the soil.
You have there hit the nail on the