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riU? SVMTKR WATCHMAN,
Conwlldated Aug. 2.188
C(k toatrbuwn ait? Soutbrcn.
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?EWSY WACTttiBTON DISPATCH.
PRESIDENT TAFT ANI> SENATOR
A LDH K H CONFER.
ffefiaattoii Expected In Baliinger In?
vestigation?Knox Not Pleaecd
With Some of Diplomat??Wants
Men Who A 111 Do Something.
Waehlnrton. Feb. 14.?There has
been a lull all the week In the Bel?
linger Investigation, but tho investi?
gation will be resumed In a few days
with vigor and matter of Importance
and It Is said, of a sensational char?
acter will be spread before the peo?
ple. Therft la no doubt but there was
a deep laid plot to aecure mineral
and coal lande of almost Inestimable
value by the Guggenheims, one of
whom, as it is well known, is In the
senate of the United States from Col?
orado. That mere wealth without
education, learning. statesmanship,
reputation or public service can se
oure a place in the highest legisla?
tive body In this hemisphere, has
made many doubt the efficacy or per?
manency of popular government, and
It la perhaps not without reason that
some people sre turning toward so?
cialism and others harking back to
monarchy in thtlr disgust and des?
There wif.H a conference at the
gjgJMMigMBMng-J Wet weep the
^HnffltrV fhW TJntfed States and
the boas of the senate, Mr. Aldrlch of
Rhode Island and It Is expected that
other conferences will be held in
the near future relative to the pos?
sible consequences, political, Indus?
trial and financial, depending upon
anticipated decisions of the Supreme
Court of the United States in the oil
j and tobacco cases. The tobacco case
Is now awaiting decision In the hands
of the court. The Standard Oil case
has been advanced to March 14th.
The main subject discussed between
the President and Mr. Aldrlch was tho
perfecting of the amendments relat
t lag to the Interstate commerce law.
Legislation In this particular Is await?
ing the Supreme Court decisions In
theee two important cases. The
President's speech at the Lincoln's
birthday dinner at the Now York Re?
publican Club, about the several par?
ty pledges and how they ohould be
t kept, makes it plain that he has not
changed his determination to Inves?
tigate the conduct of all trusts and
that rumors of financial crises in
Wail Street will in no wise deter
Information comes from the high?
est place in the State Department that
Secretary Knox Is not pleased with
the merely ornamntal characteristics
of a large number of our diplomatic
establishments abroad. He want*
those debonair young fellows and old
fellows to be doing something useful
If or to have them come home In order
that he msy appoint practical and
progressive men In their places. The
averse* diplomat scorns commercial
Ism and industrialism and the sug
geetlon that he shall do something
for the promotion of American com?
merce and trade abroad Is wormwood
I to his sporty or aesthetic disposition.
Of enures, our American consuls are
not diplomatists In the old Metter?
nich or Tallerand sense, in fact, no
such diplomatists longer exist. Steam
and electricity have put old style dip?
lomacy ?Mit it bnetntssi There are
other mean* of communication now?
adays than by ourlers on horseback.
But there sre scores ??r consular sta?
tions throughout Europe. Asia. Afri?
ca and South Africa where the
consuls have quasi-diplomatic lunc
tlons, although, their usefulness Is
largely aa commercial agents. How?
ever, as man Is a social animal, so?
cial functions and opportunities at
these consular postr have an effect t ?
seduce the ordinary young fellow
sent abroad to sybarltlsh habits.
They sre disposed to spend but few
b hours at office an l to give the day
and night to pleasure. The United
States is a great corporation with
hundreds of thousands of servants,
In fact, a far greater number than
It can adequately watch and then ev?
ery four years or so a new boss I
iheil April. 1660. 'Be Juri au
CHILD DEED BILL PASSED.
X(rT A DISSENTING VOTE TO
MEASURE IN HOUSE.
Tlio Tlllniau Case Has Brought About
i Clamor for This Particular Leg?
Interest In the entire State has
been at a high pitch since Senator
gnd Mrs. Tillman were called before
the Supreme Court recently In the
memorable caae brought by Mrs.
Li cy Dugaa Tillman for the recovery
of her children. A bill waa Intro?
duced in the houae by Mr. Gasque
repealing the law under which the
children were deeded to the Senator.
Mr. Oraydon introduced a similar
measure in the Senate which passed
l?i a large majority, only six sena?
tors voting against lt> The follow?
ing dispatch from our Columbia cor?
respondent tells the story.
Columbia, Feb. 14.?Gaaque child
d?ed bill passed house today without
a dissenting voice. House bill sub
atltuted for Senate bill. It will be
given final reading tomorrow wher
ti e Senate will be asked to agree to
tre substitute. Houae bill forbids
fsther to deed children away with?
out mother's consent. i
Other Columbia News.
Columbia. Feb. 14.?House passed
bill doing away with mileage book
regulations 54 to 22. 8enate having
teken adverse action, likely legisla?
tion will fail unless differences can be
Columbia. Feb. 14.?Senate killed
h ghway commission bill by a two to
DUEL IN CHATTANOOGA JAIL.
City Convict Guard Slain by Super?
intendent of Streets.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Feb. 10.?In a
bloody duel In the office of the E.
street jail at 1 o'clock this afternoon.
C. W. Thomas, a city convict guard,
was shot and fatally wounded by Su?
perintendent Matthew Godsey, o. the
strvot construction force. Thomas
died at the Erlanger Hospital two
hours after the duel. Godsey Is se?
riously wounded, but will recover.
Standing and locked In each others
arms, the two engaged In a pistol
duel while Henry Long, night jailer,
and and the other guards looked on,
rielplesa to stop the combat. Bad
blood had existed between the men
for some time over the manner of
conducting work on the streets.
TER1UBLE MARINE DISASTER.
Steamer Wrecked by Storm in the
Palma, Island of Majorea, Feb. 11.
?Driven helplessly from her course,
in one of the wildcat storms that has
awept the Mediterranean aea in forty
yeara, the French Trana-Atlantic
Steamship Company's steamer Gen.
Chanzy crashed at full speed, In the
dead of night on the treacherous
reefs near the Island of Minorca, and
all but one of the 157 souls on board
The sole survivor is an Algerian
customs official, Marcel Rodel, who
was rescued by a fisherman, and who
lies tonight In the hospital at Cluda
del, raving as a result of the iortues
through which he passed and unable
to give an account of the disaster.
In the ship's company there were
passenger* of whom 30 were in
the first cabin. The crejv numbered
70. It la not thought that any Amer- j
leans were aboard the liner.
elected and almost before he can be?
come acquainted with the shop, Ms
term of service is up. Of course. It
If very Important that our consuls
shall keep our manufacturers advis?
ed with reference to trade opportu?
nities. Our foreign commerce has
greatly Increased and we are selling
a tremendous amount of stuff abroad
for a less price than we sell to Ottl"
own people at home. Sewing ma?
chines, typewriters, shoes and ? ven
food stuffs exported from America
are sold In Englandi France and <; r
many for less than they can he
bought In the United States.
The Department of Commerce and
La??'?r is the agency which deter?
mines and reports upon the work
that a consul has undertaken to do.
These reports go to the State Do
I'artment, where Is kept a rating of
th ? consul's work. Those that are
found deficient In activity are mark
'I <>r dem er It ed very much as a boy
\t school. Tr who are not up t<
the standard are politely reprimand?
ed and those consuls who spend their
time playing bridge and poker ami
n other less venial dissipations are
ikely to hear from the Department
n Washington in a way to cause
'hem to quake, if not to pack and
d Fear not?Let all the euds Thou Aln
ER. S. C, WEDNES1
RICHARDS DDT FOB GOVERNOR.
HIS CAXD1DACV AND PLATFORM
Well-Known Prohibitionist ami Mem
l>er or the House From Kcrshaw
Declares He Will be In the Race
For Governor, and States Ills Po?
sition on .Several Important Issues.
Columbia, Feb. 11.?The first an?
nouncement with a definite platform
for Governor is that of Capt. John G.
Richards, present-day leader of the
house of representatives. Capt. Rich?
ards In his platform sets a pace and
announces his position on other is?
sues than the liquor question. Capt.
Richards makes a clean-cut an?
nouncement, in which he says:
"Yes, after seriously considering
the matter, I have determined to en?
ter the race for Governor of South
"Carolina. For some time my friends
In every section of the State have
been encouraging me to run, and af?
ter considering the matter carefully,
I have decided to enter the list.
While I am not prepared, of course,
at this stage to state in detail what
my platform will contain, I have no
hesitancy, as is my habit, in stating
clearly my position on some of the
more Important public questions that
are of vital Interest to the State and
to the people of the State.
"I shall advocate equitable support
of our higher educational institutions
and the fullest and most unstinted
support of oar common school sys?
tem with particular attention to the
development of rural schools and edu?
cation. Our public school system is
the vitalising lui.ee that supplies our
colleges, and ii one of the very foun?
dations of out republican institutions.
We qre now making great Improve?
ments along educational lines in
South Carolina, but the transcendent
importance of this question demands
an even greater effort on our part.
"I shall stand for and urge such
legislation as will make for the ful?
lest development of agricultural in
dustry of State, for-it is the bedrock
foundation of all our prosperity. I
shall stand for vigorous support of all
agencies making for the development
of agriculture and for such legisla?
tion as will tend to Induce capital to
com? into the State for the purpose
of developing to the fullest measure
our splendid natural resources.
"I shall stand for and advocate
State-wide prohibition, with a strict
and Impartial enforcement of the
law. I shall stand for retrenchment
In the expenditure of the people's
money whenever and wherever it can
be done without Impairing the public
service. I shall stand for a thorough
and complete revision and readjust?
ment of the tax laws of the State and
the inauguration of such a system of
assessments as will make all prop?
erty bear its honest and just propor
tlon of the burden of taxation.
"The agricultural Hen law, so long
the hindering cause and lack of agri?
cultural progress and Independence,
and the greatest preventive of the
proper control of our negro labor,
has at last been repealed. I led the
the figVc for the farmers, and shall
arge upon our people the necessity
of accepting the changed conditions
Just brought about with a determin?
ation upon their part to give the new
law a fatr trial, and I feel that the
wisdom of this legislation will be
"The building of good and perma?
nent highways will add more to the
value of property and to the wealth
of our State than our public utility.
The effect of good roads throughout
the State would be felt in every walk
of life, but they would come as an
especial blessing and a great econo?
my to our people who live in the
country districts. I shall stand for
the permanent improvement of our
highways, such improvement being
made under local self-government in
the various counties
"If it should be my good fortune to
he selected hy the people of our
proud state to he the Governor I
shall endeavor, with all the strength
at my command, to thoroughly fa?
miliarize myself and keep In constant
touch with the working force of all
of our public institutions and
branc hes of the government, and en?
deavor to so post myself In regard
to our public affairs as to intelligent?
ly recomoaind to the law-making
power of the State those thing! that
the public weal and needs of the
"I do not care to say .any more at
this time than this: That every pub?
lic-spirited, patriotic citizen op our
State is anxious for her welfare, her
prosperity and material advancement
In nil things, and none is more so
than myself. In entering the race I
wish to say now that I will make the
Issues clear-?cut and to the point,
looking ever to the substantial ad
is't at be thy Country's, Thy God's am
DAY. FEBRUARY 16
SMITH RAPS COTTON GAMBLERS
SOUTH CAROLIN A SEN ATOR SAYS
SPECULATION MUST STOP. j
At House I Ira ring on the Ant i-Option
BUI the Senator and L. Mandel
bauni, the Latter a Member of ihv
New York Cotton Exchange, Cross
Swords Verbally, But Calm Is Soon
Washin g >n. Feb. I1 ?Senator
Spilth, of houth Carolina, and I*
ivj'andelbau.n. tne latter a member >f
the New York Cotton Exchange,
crossed swords verbally at the hear?
ing before the house agricultural
committee this morning, when the
hearings on the bill tD prevent gam?
bling In cotton future*? was resumed.
The South Carolina Senator, wh'Ie
propounding a question, banned htl
hat upon the long tab'e in the com?
mittee room, and informed the mem?
bers of the Exchange sitting about
him that "We intend to wipe this
I gambling out."
| The colloquy between the Senator
and Mr. Mandelbaum came while J.
HE. Latham, of Greensboro, N. C, a
cotton dealer, was testifying.
"Don't you honestly believe, Mr.
I Latham," began Senator Smith, "that
I the wild fluctuations in cotton are
j due entirely to the easy means bv
j which speculators can get togeth *r,
compare sheets and then, irrespective
I of the crop, oiop the prices dow.i so
las to wipe out those fellows who hive
I put up a hundred dollars or so in
I bucket shops In the small towns?"
I Mr. Latham said that he was not
In position to answer of his own
knowledge. "I know it to be true.
I I have watched it," said Senator
Smith. "It's the margins the specu
I lators are after, not the commis?
Mr. Mendelbaum arose at this
point, and said: "I want to know if
the Senator is testifying or asking
questions. If he's testifying, I want
him put under oath, for he Is making
some statements that I know are not
I "A Senator or Representative Is al?
ways under oath, Mr. Mendelbaum,"
j said the chair Just to smooth down,
"Then I want to examine the Sen?
ator about what he says he knows to
be facts. I want to say that lh's is
I not the case."
I Mr. Mandelbaum was told that he
I would be given opportunity to as'i the
I Senator questions if he des'red.
I "If these speculators had to deliver
I the actual cotton," continued Mr.
Smith, who held the floor a moment
I asking a direct question of the wit
I ness, "they would not dare to have
these fluctuations. They take ad?
vantage of the unfortunate disposl
I tion of an American to gamble, and
I they run down the prices, cleaning
the little fellows that way. and they
I run the prices up and clean them go?
ing up. The gambling In cotton has
overshadowed the llgitimate dealing
in cotton, and we are going to stop
SUGAR TRUST ARRAIGNED.
Former Employe**, Sentenced to At?
lanta I*rison, Raps the Company.
New York, Feb. 10.?Declaring
that the Sugar Trust has made a
"scape-goat" of him, and that they
had answered the government's cry
for a victim in the alleged fraud
prosecutions by sacrificing him and
four $18-a-week checkers, Oliver Spit?
zer, a former dock superintendent of
the Amrican Sugar Rflnery Com?
pany's plant at Williamsburg, severe?
ly arraigned that trust, following his
sentence today to two years in the
Federal prison at Atlanta, Ga., for
his part in the recent extensive sugar
Spitzer's application for admission
to ball pending appeal was denied,
and arrangements were made later
In the day to take him to Atlanta to
begin serving his term. He said that
he expected on appeal the conviction
would be reversed and a new trial
"The trust deserted me absolutely;
It pounded and ruined mo after I
served it faithfully for twenty-nine
years," said Spitzer, In brpken tones.
"I started with the trust in 1880 as a
boy, and by industry worked my way.
step by step, until I became super?
intendent of the ?locks at Williams
burg. The expenses of this trial have
cut Into my savings and left me prac?
tically a ruined man."
That happens in a moment which
may not happen in a thousand years.
vanoement of our State, and will go
before the people upon a platform
every plank of which shall stand for
the peeple'l Interest and the up?
building of our State."
. 1910. y ? seri
live mmw /isip.
DEMOCRATIC VICTORY. PREDICT?
ED BY MANY POLITICIANS.
The Tariff Issue, the Row in Repub?
lican Camp ami CunnoiiLsm Believ?
ed to be Turning People Against
Republicans?Taft 'Will Try to Suc?
Washington, Feb. 10.- Imagine the
next house of representatives Demo?
cratic by a substantial majority,
Champ Clark as speaker, and Under?
wood of Alabama, as the Democratic
floor lead 2".
An insurgent meets a G. O. !'.
standpatter in the corridor of the
:apl:ol. J-ays the insurgent:
"Well, it happened! And it was
just as I told you standpatters it
would be. You have been wiped off
the political map. Tawney of Minne?
sota is gone, Smith of Iowa is gone,
and the few members of I the old
standpat bunch that did get back can
count their majorities on one hand.
But it serves you fellows right. You
had ample warning. You allowed
Cannon and Aldrlch to throttle every
piece of progressive legislation that
came up, and the public was on to
you at every jump in the road. You
revised the tariff upward when you
promised to do just the opposite. But
even then you were not satisfied with
the predicament you found yourself
in. You capped the climax by hav?
ing President Taft declare the Ald
rlch-Payne-Smoot bill to be the best
tariff measure ever enacted into law,
when as a matter of fact even the
American school children knew the
bill was filled with jokers conceived
to rob the people for ?the thieving
sugar trust and other tariff benefici?
aries. It was absolutely certain that
the public would whack you over
your political heads at the very first
opportunity. And they did!"
Then the regular gives his version
of it, as follows:
"I fear, my friend of the west, that
you do not apply the law of enu<*e
and effect to the situation. The de?
feat of the regular organization was
due to a few reformers and traitors
who called themselves Republicans,
but were really Democrats. Pretend?
ing to be Republicans, they learned
all of the organization secrets and
then started in on a campaign of
blabbing instead of fighting the
thing out in caucus as they should
have done and as they would have
done had they been Republicans with
the good of the party at heart. You
fellows acted like Democrats from
the start, and 'Uncle Joe' called the
right time on you when he called you
Demcrats. You mention the sugar
joker. Do you know how much
money the sugar people contributed
to the Republican campaign fund? If
you don't, you hadn't ought to say a
word. The sugar joker, my friend,
and every other piece of legislation
about which you complained, was ab?
solutely necessary to bring in cam
paig funds. By making such a howl
over these particular features of the
tariff bill, you only directed attention
to the organization business methods,
with the result that Republican vot?
ers deserted us by regiments. The
result of your wretched politics is
that the present house is Democratic,
and the next President is mighty
likely to be of the same religion.
Shame on the insurgents!"
Just then along comes "Uncle Joe",
who has been defeated for reelection,
but has opened a lobby in Washing?
ton for Standard Oil and the liquor
people. The standpatter appeals to
the old gentleman with stogie, but
the latter waves him to one side,
saying that he has made his millions
and has therefore assumed the cus?
tomary "public be damned" attitude.
I'.ven the Ueputti'.ans are not
finding it so hard to imagine the next
House Democratic, eapectaltly when
th*3 stop to consider?first, the result
of the recent Congressional election in
the Sixth Missouri district, ?.her? a
100 per cent, gain was made by Dick?
inson, the Democratic candidate; sec?
ond?the result of the Success maga?
zine straw ballot, which showed 517
Republicans approving and 6.311
Republicans disapproving the atti?
tude of the tariff; and third?the re?
ducing of the majority of the tariff
law was the sole issue, from 60,000 to
8,000. It should not be overlooked
that the voters of the Sixth Missouri
district who repudiated the Paync
Aldrich-Smoot law are at the present
time receiving high prices for but?
ter ami eggs, grain and livestock, and
it was this class of voters the Repub?
licans had expected to find enthusi?
astically endorsing tariff revision up?
All indications are that President
Taft exepcts to be his own successor.
Postmaster General Frank Hitchcock
Is steam-rolling from early morning
E SOUTHRON, Established June,
Les?Vol. XXX. No. 60.
THE FIGHT NOT OVER.
MOVE IfADB TO OUST ASYLUM
Jurilary Committee of Senate Makes
Favorable Report on Resolution
Demanding Resignation of Super?
intendent and Regents of Asylum.
Columbia, Feb. 12?"Be it resolved
by the senate, That the superintend?
ent and board of regents of the State
Hospital for the Insane be, and are
hereby, requested to place their res?
ignations in the hands of the gover?
nor on or before Thursday, Feb. 17,
1910," reads a resolution from the
judiciary committee of the senate
that will be introduced this morning.
The resolution was adopted at a
meeting of the judiciary committee
held last night, a meeting that prov?
ed a lengthy one before it adjourned
-vith the resolution drawn and sign?
ed. Eleven of the 13 members of the
judiciary committee signed the reso?
lution, eight voting yes on its adop?
tion and three voting no. The affirm?
ative votes were cast by the follow?
ing senators: Carlisle, Townsend,
Graydon, Bates, Sinkler, Kelley, Clif?
ton and Williams. The negatives
votes were cast by the following sen?
ators: Earle, Rogers, Lide. Two
members of the judiciary committee,
Senators Walker and Smith, were not
present at the meeting last night.
Such a resolution in the senate
will not be unexpected, as it has been
rumored that a resolution asking for
the resignation of the superintendent
and board of regents would be forth?
coming before the general assembly
adjourned. Such a resolution was
engrossed for presentation _n the
house last night, but it was decided
not to present it.
The superintendent of the State
Hospital for the Insane is Dr. J. W.
Eabcock. The board of regents Is
composed of the fol'owlng: W. J.
Gooding, Hampton; J. Perry Glenn,
Anderson; Iredell Jones, Sr., . Ro
Hill: Dr. Julius H Taylor, Colum
Dr. W. W. Ray, Congaree.
Here I stand; I can do no other?
wise. God help me. Amen!?Martin
Four hundred and fifty bushels of
corn were burned In a fire that de?
stroyed the barn of T. C. Petty, near
to night, and every day in the week,
putting men who will support Ts ft in
the next republican national conven?
tion into federal positions, and keep?
ing out men who have the least taint
of Rooseveltism in their political re?
cords. Another evidence of Mr.
Taft's expectation to secure a re
nomination is the nervousness he Is
displaying over the Ohio situation.
He is holding conferences with Ohio
politicians every day, trying to d j*
termlne upon someone who might be
able to beat Governor Harmon. What
Mr. Taft fears is that in the event of
Harmon being re-elected governor,
he might be compelled to face a fel
low-Ohloan in the Presidential race,
which would mean the loss of Ohio
to the Republicans, in all probability.
Among the Ohio politicians whom
the President has called to the White
House is Ex-Senator Foraker, who
was driven out of public life by the
publication of letters written while
he was a United States senator, by
the President of Standard Oil. One
of the letters Indicated that a check
for $10,000 was enclosed, ani that
a certain bill needed loklng after.
Ii Is said Foraker will take the stump
for the Republicans in the approach?
An opportunity to test the anti
Cannon sentiment of the Vew ttng
land States will be had at the special
election to be held In Massachusetts
for the purpose of filling the vacancy
cajsed by the death of Representa?
tive William C. Lovering, who was
an out-and-out insurgent. The Re?
publican Congressional committee is
leaving no stone unturned to have
Mr. Lovering*! place filled by a Can?
The Washington Star, ar ardent
supporter of Cannonlam and Aldrleh
ism, says editorially that the repub?
licans should by all means permit an
investigation of the high cost of
living and the relationship of ihe
tariff thereto, in order "to prepare
their reply for use in the Coner- s^
ional campaign." In other word?
Senator Aldrich has decided to per
mit an investigation in order to bring
In a verdict to the effect that the ; -
creased cost of living is not caused
by excessive tariff rates. Then this
"report of the Senate Investigation"
will be used In the Congressional
campaigns to vindicate the Payne
Aldrlch-Smoot law. And the Presi?
dent endorses the schema.