Newspaper Page Text
&\>t ??lauumaa ;mi) ^ouiunf,
WEJN^DAY, FtBftUARY 16,1910.
The Sumter Watchman was found
?4 la :.S60 and the True Southron In
lift. Ths Watchman and Southron
?ow has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
aad Is manifestly the best advertising
medium in Sumter.
The people of South Carolina who
are not In close touch with the Legis?
lature do not and cannot realise the
fight that was waged to defeat the
recommendations made in the report
of the majority of the legislative
committee that Investigated the asy?
lum. From the day that it was first
hinted that tho asylum would be In?
vestigated a determined and adroitly
planned and executed campaign has
been carried on to suppress In every
possible way all facts damaging to
the asylum management; and but for
the courage and persistence of the
majority of the Investigating commit?
tee ths facts would never have been
known outside of Columbia. The
charge* of mismanagement against
the officials of the asylum were scout?
ed as Incredible, Impossible and not
to be seriously considered. Every ef?
fort was made last year to defeat the
plan to have an investigation, and
when ths legislative probing could
aot be warded off, the whole matter
was belittled systematically In every
way. While the Investigation was In
progress very meagre reports of the
proceedings were sent out through
the usual news agencies and the lo?
cal papers treated It In the most gen?
eral end Indefinite manner; the vital
facts and the shocking details dis?
closed by the Inveetlgatic n were nev?
er made public until the report of
the committee was print**}. When
the lavestlgatlon could not be con
Tsrted Into a whitewash, and a ma?
jority of the committee went before
the Legislature with a clean-cut state?
ment of facts, fortified by the testi?
mony before the eommlttee, and s
well considered and business-like rec?
ommendation for the correction of
conditions and abuses that were
found t o exist, the effort to sup?
press the facts entirely having failed,
the next move was to defeat the plan
rcommended by ths majority of the
committee This has been accom?
plished after the most strenuous and
persistent effort and the friends of
the present management have won
eat The action of the Legislature
acts ths seal of approval on all that
has been done and left undone In the
treatment of the unfortunate people
whose sad fate it is to bs confined in
ths asylum. If the officers charged
with the proper management of the
asylum and the humane care of the
Insane eould shut their eyes to the In?
tolerable conditions that have pre?
vailed for years, there is little hope
ef Improvement in conditions in the
future, now that they and their meth?
ods have receives the endorsement
af the Legislature.
? ? ?
The determination of the receivers
of the Semlnole Securities Company
to proeeute Oen. Wille Jones and W.
A. Clark, presidents of the two lead?
ing banks of South Carolina, Is a
moet encouraging sign. If high fin?
ance in high places can be made as
unsafe as highway robbery, con?
scienceless and greedy financial free?
booters of place and position will not
so frequently engage in the profitable
sport of skinning the public. But for
the personal Influence and efforts of
the truetses of the Semlnole swindle,
the people of South Carolina would
never have fallen into the trap. Tho
letters of endorsement written by the
trustees did more to promote the
swindle than all the smooth agents.
The swindle was made possible by
Jones. Clark and Bryan and they
should be punished, if there is any
law to reach high financiers who hap.
pen to be bank presidents and proml
aent r'tlsens of seeming Integrity.
? ? ?
Is T. %\ Bryan the Jett B. Wylle. of
the Semlnole cast? ?
? ? i
The formation of tho boys corn
club here last Saturday was one of
the moet Important events that ha*
taken place here In some time. In?
terest In farming Is Increasing, und
the people are beginning to renllz
mors and more that the farmer mn t
be s< If supporting. lie must raise
his home supplies*. This movement
begin* at the r->..t of our present on.
crop system, which ;tas robbed th>
South of million* of d Man si wealth,
snd alms at edueatlrg thr> youth of
the hind 10 grow the "staff of life."
It should meet with ?fesour iicm- ni
from all the parent- living OS tho
farm. As a business propOSltlOBi It
la a good one. The business, RUU1
should not |o..k upon |hj opportunity
to contribute to the prizes offered aa
throwing mon. v away, Help and
encourage the boys. They are the
coming farmers, the ensg who will
show the "old m:n" how to farm.
S ? ?
? Jovernor Heyward b.is come out
In defense of l>r Imbrock, of the
South Carolina lunatic -asylum, who
la has* under fire.
I Farmers' Union News I
I ?AND? ?
I Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers n
If (Conducted by E. W. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter l>
JJ County.) A
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
ieml-weekly publication, would Improve that service by special features.
The first to bs lnauguratsd Is this Dei artment for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Fanners which 1 have been .equested to conduct. It will be my
i m to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
c fflcers. and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thin! will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o.?r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ublished.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual oeneflt to all concerned,
All communications for this Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllls. S. C.
BOYS' CORN CLUB ORGANIZED.
ImAMOI NUMBERS OF BOYS EN
TEH FOR CORN PRIZES.
Meeting in Court Houje Lest Satur?
day Was Well Attended and Much
Interest Manifested by Both Pa?
rents and Boys.
Pursuant to a call of Hon. 8. D.
(?aln, county superintendent of edu?
cation, quite a large number of boys
gathered In the court house last Sat?
urday morning and listened to the
able addresses made for their b*ne
This was one of the most Impor?
tant meetings held in the court house
here in some time. It means a great
deal to the future of the country.
The meeting was presided over by
Mr. Cain, who told the object of the
rieeting and then Introduced Hon.
It. I. Manning as the first speaker.
The speaker begun by encouraging
the boys present to grasp the oppor?
tunity before them, dwelling upon
the great possibilities now before the
young man on the farm.
Mr. H. O. Osteen, Prof. S. H. Ed?
munds and Col. John J. Daigan
then spoke words of encouragement,
after which Mr. L. I* Baker, of
Itlshopvllle, addressed the boys upon
the necessity of having selected seed
and gave them suggestions as to
After this the club was organised
by the election of officers. The fol?
lowing were elected:
Singleton Dwlght, of Wedgefleld,
Thoa Klrven, Jr. of Providence,
Edwin Boyle, of Sumter, secretary
The following is the enrollment:
James McBryde Dabbs, Mayesville.
Alva Stuckey, Dalzell.
Raymond Stuckey, Dalzell.
Leon Stuckey, Dalzell.
C. H. Chandler, Sumter.
Singleton Dwlght, Wedgefleld.
St. Pierre Lenoir, Horatio.
Mellette Pitts, Sumter.
Sheppard Nash, Sumter.
Chas. Richard F. Beall, Sumter.
Lawrence a E. Klrven, Providence.
Thomas J. Klrven, Jr., Providence.
Donnle F. Klrven, Providence.
Bryan Odom, Sumter.
Odie W. Cain, Sumter.
D. Jamsoa Cain, Sumter.
Bartow Bennett Kolb, Sumter.
Porter Rivers, Sumter.
Manning Reece Smith, Dalzell.
Daniel Duncan Smith, Dalzell.
Pittman Baker, Mayesville.
Otis Tlsdale, Sumter.
L E. Leavell, Sumter.
W. Yeadon Pitts. Sumter.
Edwin Miller, Jr. Sumter.
Thomas Moore, Horatio.
Chandler Baker Beall, Sumter.
Isaac Sanders, Sumter.
Moultrie DeLorme, Sumter.
Edwin Boyle, Sumter.
J. T. Hogan, Sumter.
Jesse R. Beall, Sumter.
Henry Mclnvall, Dalzell.
Benjamin Sanders, Sumter.
Eward Dick, Oswego.
Robert \V. Ingram, Tlndall.
Anthony Dick, Oswego.
John M DuBose, Providence.
Wni. Henry DuBose, Providence.
Char lay DtlsVUS. Providence.
Wilder Mlms. So. Lynchburg.
James Harvey Keels, So. Lynch
Win. Walhu e I'luminer, So. Lyneh
Tht meeting adjourned to
mast again at the call of the presi?
dent. At this called me 'ting it is
the purpose of Mr. Cain to have seed
dots Huiheient for taeh boy to plant
at hast one acre, it is highly Im?
portant that all meinben of the club
attend this masting further In?
I Structloni will hi given for cultivating
it is gratifying t?? note the intsr?
. *t smallest SOl only by the hoys
themselves and their parents, but by
the business man of Sumter, The
following v? ? rt seen about oontrlbut
ng to tin pri/es and all responded:
Sumter Co., Farmen Union,.. t.r>0
P. D. Knight, .$50.
Osteen Publishing Co.$50.
Bank of Sumter.$50.
C. Q. Rowland, Pres. Farmers
Bank & Trust Co.$50.
lt. I. Manning.$25.
O'Dunnell & Co.$50.
H. L. Scarborough, .$10.
These were the only ones so far
given an opportunity of contribut?
ing. Others will doubtless contribute
when approached on the subject.
The opportunity to Join the club
Is still open. Any boy who wishes to
compete for the handsome prizes to
be offered can do so by sending his
name and address to Mr. Cain not
later than April 1st.
$10,000,000 COTTON CO.
Hacked by John Hays Hammond and
Daniel J. Sully?Plans to Cover
Whole South. ,
Washington, Feb. s.?John Hays
Hammond, capitalist and mining en?
gineer, is president and Daniel J.
Sully, cotton operator of New York,
Is a large speculative stockholder in a
new $10,000,000 corporation to be
called the General Cotton Securities
One of the chief assets of the pro?
posed corporation is the patent for a
new cotton gin which is expected to
revolutionise the separation of the
seed from the cotton, making it
.marketable. Concerning the prin?
ciples of this new cotton machinery,
the men interested in the new com?
pany are not yet ready to talk. Ex?
perts are making an examination of
it and will shortly give a detailed re?
port of what it can do in the cotton
Around the new ginning apparatus
the promoters of the company con?
template forming an organization
which will be broad enough to In?
clude the whole cotton belt of the
South. In addition to being a hold?
ing company, It will become an ope?
rating company, Introducing into the
cotton business Improved machinery
which is expected to have a decided
effect upon the production of cotton.
The company will also have ware?
houses and probably will enter all
branches of the cotton business ex?
cept the growing of the staple.
Probably with the restrictions of
the Sherman act in mind it Is an?
nounced that the new company will
.!n no way restrict the operations of
other corporations which do a sim?
ilar business. But Its promoters
think it probable that the General
Cotton Securities Company will have
relations with them.
Neither of the two prominent men
interested In the formation of the
company would discuss its details to?
night. Mr. Hammond declines to
comment upon it and Mr. Sully holds
that the corporation is not at such
a stage that he would care to enter
Into 'he details of Its business.
Mr. Sully, who is known In New
York for his sensational maneuvers
in the cotton market and as the head
of the most famous "cotton boom" In
history, now has an office In the
Union Trust Building, In Washington,
In which he spends the greater part
of the week, rushing off to New York
toward the week end, to return on
the following Monday. Mr. Hammond
If very wealthy and financially Is able
t<> buck a proposition even larger
than that contemplated. Ho is large?
ly Interested In mines, and was prom?
inent In the Taft campaign. He has
come to Washington to live and plans
t<> build a handsome home her?'.
Farmers1 Basket Picnic.
The regular spring meeting of the
Sumter Count> Agricultural Society
win be held at the Gen, Bumter
Memorial Academy, <?n March 18th,
1910, at n a. M There will !?<?
short speeches on Agriculture l>y
Col, ES. 3, Watson, Commissioner of
Agriculture, Hon* <>. b. Martin Presl
<i i;t Corn Club; Hon. Ft. i. Manning,
President hank of Bumter; Mr. Ira
W, Williams, Agent stat.- Demon?
stration Farm Work and Mr, J,
Prank Williams, Agent County
Demonstration Farm Work. All in
terestcd in farm work are cordially
invited to attend.
Two experts from Washington, one
on Animal Industry and one on
Fruit Culture, will be present to an?
swer any questions farmers may ask.
J. E. Rembert,
Sec'y. Sumter. Ag. So'cty.
PLANT NEAR BENNETTSVILLE.
Scott Luml>er Company Will Establish
Manufacturing Plant in Malboro.
Now Operates Two Mills.
Bennettsville, Feb. 11.?The Scott
Lumber company has purchased
from T. E. McCall a tract of 21 1-2
acres in the western suburb of Ben?
nettsville, and will use the land for
a sit,e for a lumber manufacturing
plant. The land is just west of the
right of way of the Bennettsville &
Cheraw railroad on the road extend?
ing from Darlington street.
For several years this concern has
been operating two big mills in this
county, one at Marlboro, six miles
southwest, and the other at Madeline,
about six miles northwest of Ben?
nettsville. It is understood that the
Scott Lumber company will consoli?
date these two last mentioned con?
cerns and erect a large plant here.
The stockholders of the Scott Lum?
ber company are the owners of the
B. & Ci railroad and they also own
large tracts of timber land along
their line in this county, which ex?
tends from Kollock to Brownsville.
The timber will be hauled over the
B. & Cm to this new plant and manu?
factured into high grade lumber.
5,500 SHOD BY "BIG TIM".
Bowery Leader Gives Annual "Hand
Out" to "Down-And-Outo/'
New York, Feb. 6.?From Market
Slip to Mulberry Bend they came?
a footsore herd of 5.500 homeless
men and boys.
It was the annual roundup of the
shoeless down in the Third Assembly
district, where Senator Timothy D.
Suil^an?"Big Tim"?reigns su?
Derelicts of society, just plain
"bums," "down-and-outs" and "un?
fortunates," were there?all of them
vowing undying allegiance to the
East Side man of politics. To ev^ry
man a pair of shoes and warm, com?
fortable socks and coffee and and
wlches were given. It was Mr. Sul?
livan's annual distribution of foot?
wear, one of the things that has
given him friends to have and to h?d
In his district.
Though the hour for giving away'
the 6,500 pairs of shoes, which costs
Mr. Sullivan $13,750, had been set
for 2 o'clock, the lines began to form
at noon, and for two hours hundreds
stood shivering in the bitter cold
waiting for the doors of the Third
Assembly Democratic Club rooms,
207 Bowery to be thrown open. Some
were half clad, while others were at?
tired In fur coats and wore kid
gloves. It was a typical "bread-line"
gathering. Some were bowed down
with the weight of years, and' there
were scores of boys barely out of
their teens. The line was three blocks
When John Fitzgerald, "Little
Tim" Sullivan's successor as leader of
the Third district, threw open the
door to the stairway leading to the
clubrooms on the second floor there
was a wild scramble. Half a score
of policemen were kept busy. For
four hours the line passed up the
stairs and presented the ticket which
had been given to them at the Sul?
livan Christmas dinner.
Those who came without tickeis
were not turned away, for "Big Tim"
had sent a message to his lieutenant %
in charge of the distribution tha*. no
man should go from Sullivan's head?
quarters without beln^ shod proporlv.
From Greenwich village came
Welles Cone a character who is a per?
fect double of "Uncle Sam." He had
[lost his ticket so he said, but he dd
not leave the "house of Sullivan"
Three repeaters were found. They
didn't got extra shoes, but wore given
their coffee and sandwiches and
warned that repeating r*n thli special
occasion was considered unethical.
"Short Ribs Sam" and "Kolley the
King of the Keg Tappers were there*
The "Gentleman Panhandler" before
receiving a new pair of shoes wore
one russet oxford and one patent
leather pump. First aid went to
the lame, the halt and the blind.
One deaf-mute blocked the line be?
cause of his inability to tell what
number he wore, hut in the main th"
distribution went forward with a
speed that would have shamed the
most erudite salesman. Not all could
be remembered, for some are spend?
ing the winter on BlackwelTs Island
as guests of the city, but the tickeis
have been furnished them and all
will find shoes awaiting them when
they walk the Bowery again.
in the days wlum "Big Tim" was
small and down-at-the-heel, with no
thought of ever becoming a political
power, his teacher give him a pair
of shoes, lb- never forgot the kind?
ness, and for many yean he has com?
memorated it on February c> of ear*
DESTROY INd S1?A R ROW S.
Those Who Think Congress Can Do
Anything Might T?'st Theory.
From the Philadelphia Inquirer.)
In spite of the recent extraordi?
nary reconciliation between this
country and Great Brltie.n, there are
certain things British which we can?
not endure with complacency and
which must be ended cr amended.
We refer to the British sparrow, long
domiciled on our shoreu. Like the
negro, he came unasked, by force in
fact; but, unlike the negro, he has
prospered out of all proportion to the
good of the rest of the community.
The English sparrow is a pest. He
must he destroyed.
Uncle Sam has taken up the mat?
ter in great earnest. He has pub?
lished a book, which is entertaining
and ins.ructive. It also contains
some unconscious humor. We should
think a comic opera might be based
on this hook. Imprimis w* remark
that the British sparrow was brought
to this country for the definite pur?
pose of eating up the caterpillars
which were destroying the trees in
city parks. He does not like the diet,
apparently. Anyhow, he has refus?
ed either to perform his duty or to
depart. The charges brought against
him by the agricultural department
are many and specific. To wit: He
eats up beneficial insects which a
benign Providence put around us to
destroy other noxious insects and
microsopic infusoria. He eats cher?
ries and spoils apples and o' her
fruits. He destroys blossoms just at
the fertilizing period, and he drives
away other large, but less courageous
birds who are wholly beneficial in
their aspects. In short, the sparrow
is a lair, a thief, a burglar, and a
murderous pirate. No wonder Uncle
Sam is after him.
He must be gotten rid of at all
costs, and Uncle Sam tells us many
ways to do it; Shoot him, destroy
his nest, trap him, poison him, eat
him. He should not be eaten after
he has been poisoned, but at all costs,
get rid of him. The damage he does
is estimated at so many millions
that, if incorporation, the sparrow
would he one of the greatest and
most odious trusts.
We are much impressed with the
advice and counsel given in this
monumental work. As we under?
stand it, a man who devotes all his
time and money to ridding his yard
of sparrows will thereby reduce the
number considerably, bat it seems
impossible to annihilate them if we
are to pay any attention to the Meat
Trust, the Standard Oil Trust and a
We think the sparrow should be
abolished simply by legislation. Some
people seem to think that Congress
can do anything by fiat of law. Here
Is a chance to test the theory.
FIGHTING RED SPIDER.
Several Fields Damaged by Pest Last
Year and Efforts is Being Made to
Lexington, Feb. 11.?For the last
several years the red spider has been
playing havoc with the cotton crop
around Batesburg and I^eesville, and
more particularly during the last two
years. Last year the pests had ex?
tended their operations to other sec?
tions of the county. Several fields
around the court house- were attacked
and the damage was considerable.
Through the efforts of Congressman
Lever, experts from the United States
department of agriculture, together
with a specialist from Clemson, in?
spected the infected area during the
latter part of last summer, but the
insects had gained such a strong
hold that it was impossible to even
attempt at finding a remedy that
would prove effective. Pursuing the
matter further, Mr. Lever took up
the matter with the government with
a view to having an experimental
labcatory established at Batesburg
for Uue benefit of the cotton growers
of this section.
It will be of general Interest to state
that this laboratory has been estab?
lished with H. F. Wilson, an agent of
the United States bureau of entomol?
ogy, In charge. Col. E. F. Strother,
who operates a large farm and whose
crops have been damaged In recent
years by the pest*, has donated a
large piece of land for the field ex?
periments, and the work will be push?
ed from the very beginning.
Mr. Wilson is anxious to communi?
cate with all those farmers who have
had tlaeir crops damaged by the
spider, whether in Lexington county
or not, and will take pleasure in
giving Information lie has in refer?
ence to dealing with the insects. He
is also anxious to tind out the exact
amount Of damage done to the cot?
ton crop in this section, and will ap?
preciate any Information covering
For Inlauts and Children.
The Kind You \\w Always bought
3 Of C^xy^7^?^
CAT A RR HAL ASTHMA.
One Bottle of Pe-ru-nn.
??I have been a sufferer with the asth?
ma for About four year.-, and I tried
different, kinds of ep cd i ein es and could
not iind any relief for it.
"1 tried your medicines, bought a lit?
tle of Poruna, and after taking about
half of it I must say that I have not had
the asthma since. Before I took the med
icino I did not know wh::t it was to go
to bed withont having the scthma."
Mr. Samuel Burden, 701 Springfield
Ave., Summit, N.J., writes:
?'In the fait of 1900 I had repeated
attacks of cold, winch developed into
"It left me very weak and all ran
down. When I got up in the morning
it would take about an hour to get my
head and throat clear.
?'It also left me with a very weak,
all-gouc, empty feeling in my stomach,
which I thought I ??
was dyspepsia, for Weak and All
which 1 tried Alf* Run Down,
(event remedies ?
With very little improvement.
'?I finally decided to give Pernna a
trial. I felt benefited with the first dose.
After taking three bottles I was en?
tirely cured. I cannot speak in too
high terms of your wonderful discov?
Peruna is manufactured by the
Peruna Drug Mfg. Co.,Columbus, Ohio.
When Mrs Hobbs and Mrs. Corbett
returned to their respectives homes
at the close of "stockholders' day,"
they were both obviously satisfied
with the result of the day's shop?
ping in the city. One little incident
had given each of them, after her
own fashion, a large measure of con?
"You know I always say that Ellen
Ann dresses a mite too much for
travelling off for the day," said Mrs.
Hobbs to her husband, as he sat
patiently listening to her account of
small happenings. "Wiell, to-day
'twas borne out by what I saw at
Ransom & Xlein's.
"We were both looking for dress
goods for the children?she for a
plaid, green and blue, for her Sophie,
and I for a dark red for Mantle.
"We both wanted to see what the
ones we'd half-chosen looked like by
daylight, and it so happened that we
started for the place where you can
stand under the skylight at the same
time. Being two counters apart, we
hadn't kep' watch of each other, and
'twas just a happen.
"Well, the man that was showing
me the goods looked at me kind of
searching, and then he handed the
piece o' goods over the counter to
me, and he said, 'You can take it
right over to the skylight yourself,
madam,' and turned to straighten
out some other goods.
"When I got to the skylight, if
there didn't come Ellen Ann, meek
as you please, with a little cash-girl
carrying her piece o' goods; and that
child never let h.er hold of it once:
and it come over me that Ellen Ann's
flashy hat and her plush hag with
^ilt trimmings had made 'em think
she wa'n't to l*e trusted.
"I'm afraid they took her for one
o' those light-fingered folks?shop?
lifters. I felt real sorry for her, and
I hurri ed off so's not to shame her!"
Whil? Mr. Hobbs was digesting
this piece of news, Mr. Corbett was
listening to his wife's version of the
"Thp clerk looked at me," she
?aid, "and then he beckoned one of
the cash-girls, and said to her, real
sharp. Take this to the skylight, and
let rhe lady look at it 1
"Ami I followed alter her. empty
handed, to find poor Mary Jane
there, with a great piece O' red stuff
she'd lagged In her own arms from
"It just proves what Ive always
told you. When Maty Jan? goes
among strangers those plain, homely
clothes of hers give them the idea
she's a hard-working w ?man. that's
always had to do for heraelf, and
doesn't expect to be done for by any?
"But there! I like Mary Jatv,
and always have, and l let her attalc
off with that piece o* goods just's it
I hadn't really sensed who 'twas."
15 tons fresh from the mills. Best
and Cheapest Feed for Horses, Cows
and Hogs you can buy. Booth-Ha r
by Live Stock Co., Sumter S C.
'2 l8-8t W