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TU LEVY LARGER.
JJDOIHIjATURK piles on the
Oy la for Mure and More Money
And the legislature Can Find No
to Make a Cat?The De
tor Money for All Purpose*
Oreater Year by Year.
* Columbia. Feb. 11.?Everybody
utands aghast at the slse of the ap?
propriation bill, and everybody thinks
that It ought to be cut down, but
Just where to put the pruning knife
nobody can say. 8ome of the mem?
bers look with horror on the ap?
proaching campaign when their con
I atltaenu will call them to account for
the large expenditures of money by
the preeent legislature, and they
dread the coming day. The total of
the bill aa it leaves the house, In
aplte of the fact that the provision
far 43 scholarships In the University
I waa knocked out, will amount to over
a million, eight hundred thousand,
nearly two millions. When the at
tempt Is made, however, one realises
the difficulty The appropriations for
pensions la about one eleventh of the
? total amount of the bill, which means
I that South Carolina does as much for
the old soldiers today as she does for
any other one of ten other purposes
within the scope of the governmnt
it la only by such comparisons that
the fair estimate of the total can be
had. Nobody would suffer for a mo
I raent the cutting off of the pensions
so It remains, one of the heaviest
Hami in the bill, you cannot put the
knife there. For the lnaane an
amount equal to about one eighth of
the total euro Is appropriated, but
wlm would suffer a reduction there?
g- The demagogue and the public both
* raise a cry to heaven and the ~Aneral
assembly for more money for the
common schools. No one would per?
mit the knife being applied there.
The State officers, clerks and expenses
of the State offices cover another
^eiahth of the bill If we include the
Judiciary. There iJ no cut that can
be made there. The public debt la
the heaviest Item of the bill, but
there Is no way to get rid of that.
That was an Inheritance from before
the war times, when the State gave
mv 1ta credit to Its development, the
srrrulta of which the present genera?
tion have been leaping, the building
of railroads, canals and public build -
toga, Including the State house. a
debt of six and a half million dollars.
Mlacellaaeeua Items Jo not amount to
^JDOCb, which leaves the chav>ce of cut
mm the appropriations for higher edu?
cation and for the general aeaembly.
? There may be a difference of opinion
on the subject of the necesalty for
paying the expenses of the general
aaaembly, but the state would be In a
mmbm6 Ax without It, so It has to be prof
Hrtded for. There Is a question wheth
t er the State ought to give aid to high
er education or not. but It has been
a well established policy of all States
and governments to do It. because It
haa been found the bost for the State
^Thts Item le about one-seventh of the
^appropriation bill. Elections, public
printing and contributions towards
farm development and claims of
counties amount to about one-twen
tleth of the total, but It would be
hard to start economising there, so
torn where you will, there seems to be
?*) eecape from a big budget. The
tartness affairs of the State are grow
Ing, many of the appropriations are
to offices which bring a revenue Into
the State, all of them have been Jeal
otsaly scrutinised and are thought by
the majority of the members of the
house to be worthy. If the people
I will give up any of the benefits that
"they enjoy through the State appro
prlatlone the general assembly will
gladly leave that matter out of the
This bill will probably be raised in
^|he senate, and one Item partlcular
Pry i* of Interest to the people of the
State, the Item for farm demonstra?
tion work. The house made It
000 because that was all that #*1
asked for. but since then It has been
determined to press th? work more
vigorously, those counties In which
[vthe work was done last year ghnw the
effect In their increased cotton and
corn crops, if the senate will In?
crease the approprlat! ?n to $r>.000
the work can be extended Into every
county In the Stat?>. South Carnllni
le now getting more of this scrvire
H'rom the government than any State
In the South. |0 Vfhtol section It Is
fined. The reports show thnt
where the government carried ??n thtu
work In the past year ander the di?
rection of Mr. Williams, the crops
were fifty per rent bOttOI than they
Mvere where It was not carrl? ?I on.
Throuich the activity of this depart
ment something like 10.000 gerei of
land In the State were planted In
wlntei rrop.M whlrh hnd n
been done before, and the result I?
I aetonHhlnr This work Is nHcd by
k the government. Ml I urn I gUbMlIp
Bfton nn 1 bv mnmif n turers. so that
^is.ooo win he openl in 11* Male
this year under the preMOVl appro?
priation <?r gAOfi than SOvMel that if
the senate Incregflgg li
The ways and means committee
*Js now struggling over the proposi?
tion of the raising the supply neces
tary to meet the heavy expense, but
they will probably leave the levy at
five mills as It was last year, even If
It causes a deficit.
FUNERAL OF MR. F. P. COOPER.
lM'ath of Popular Pythian Mourned
Throughout the State.
Wllllamston, Feb. 8.?The funsrnl
of the late Frank P. Cooper was
held in the parlors of the Park View
Hotel here this morning and the re?
mains was taken to Anderson for
Interment. The services were short
and Impressive and were conduct?
ed by the Rev. Louis J. Brlstw.
Ions; time friend of the deceased
and a past chancellor of the local
lodge of the Knight of Pythias. At
the funeral Miss Sara Gossett sang
sweetly and tenderly "Face to Fac\"
a song which Mr. Cooper had asked
her to sing to him not long before
his death. Thla last was a difficult
task asked of her. but her tender?
ness and depth of feeling mingled
only to render more impressively the
words of the song.
The pall bearers were members of
the Wllllamston lodge, Knights of
Pythias as follows: B. F. Russi'i,
J. C. Duckworth, W. H. Sherard. B.
O. Bristow, H. V. O. Cooley and E.
C. Horton. The local lodge acted as
an honorary escort to the station,
and a number of members accompan?
ied the funeral party to Andernon.
On reaching Anderson the body was
carried directly to Silver Brook ceme?
tery, where the Interment took place.
CANNON LOSING GROUND.
How the Newspapers and Magazines
Are Supporting the Insurgent**.
Ray Stannard Baker writing about
the Insurgent movement in the Feb?
ruary American Magazine, states
that one of the most significant
phases of the movement is the sup?
port which it is receiving from the
newspapers of the West. He says:
"One of the most slgnflcant pheses
of the Insurgent movement Is the
support which It is receiving fiom
the newspapers of the West. Several
papers, long staunchly Republican,
are now Insurgent. The Chicago
Tribune, which supported Cannon In
his last campaign, Is now exercising
a powerful Influence against Cannon
ism and supporting the Insurgent
movement all Along the line. The In?
dianapolis News, long Vice-President
Fairbanks*' organ, may from (he t me
of ita recent editorials be called an
Insurgent ne i*p.iper. T;i<> Chicago
News and Record-Herald have long
exercised a steady pressure for pro?
gressive measures. Every newspaper
of St. Paul and Minneapolis except
one has apparently taken a more or
less vigorous stand for the Insurgent
cause. The News and Register of
Des Moines Is wholly Insurgent; but
the DesMolnes Capital Is still 'stand
'But the most Influential of all the
newspapers In the West In this re?
gard, perhaps, Is the Kansas City Star
Colonel Nelson's paper, which has
been for years consistently encourag?
ing the Insurgent movement through?
out Kansas and Missouri.
''More and more, also, the popular
magazines are exercising a wide in?
fluence upon public opinion. I do
not say this because I happen to be
connected with the American Maga?
zine, but because this is what I heard
everywhere. Many people spoke of
the fearless articles in Collier's Week?
ly and McClure's and I don't know
how many men told me they were
reading Judge Llndsey's nutr bi?
ography In Eerybody's. which gives
an excellent view of the blight of
money control In politics. Several
radical Journals are also having a
wide Influence on thought In the
West; the Public of Chicago, LaFol
lette's Weekly, and, to a less degree
than formerly. Bryan's Commoner. 1
also ran across a number of people
who had been reading the Appeal to
Reason, tho Kansas Socialist weekly,
which circulates over 350,000 copies
A SAFEGUARD TO CHILDREN.
?"Our two children of six and el^ht
vears have been since infancy Subject
to colds and croup. About three
I us ago I started to use Foley's
Honey and Tar. and it has never fail?
ed to prevent and eure these troubles.
Tt Is the only medicine I OSn Ret the
ch*ld?en to take without a row." The
abovt from w. C, Ornstsln, Green
Bay, wis., dpullcatss th?^ experience
of thousands of other USSlf Of Fob v's
Honey and Tar. it eures ooughs?
colds and eroup, ami prevents broii"
rhitis and pneumonia, Bibert's Drug
it tak s ;i irlss m:in t?. iii i over a
i in in.-- Diogenes Laertlus,
PraaManfl Helps Orphans,
?Hundreds of orphan* have hnsn
hatpod by the Prsaldsnt of Ins Ind is
trial and Orphan's Home at Mac hi,
da?, nn ha writes: "We have wied
Blsetrk Bitten in this Institution for
alas ysara it has proved a most ??
e, ii,-nt msdli Int for Btomach, Liver
and Kidney troubles We regard it
as one of thi bssl family mtdlol iss
on earth." It Invigorates all vital or?
gans, purities ins bloodi aids dig es*
lion, sHeatsa appetite, To ?trengthen
and build up pals, thin, weak child?
ren or rundown people it has no
soual? Beat for fsmali complaints,
Only 50c, at BtbSTt'l Drug BtOTS,
THE HOUSE CONSIDERED THE
BOND ISSUE BILL.
After 1'usshu.v the Appropriation Bill
Yesterday the Measure Proposing
An Eleetion on Uie Question of Is
suing Bonds for One Million Dol?
lars to Erect Two New Asylums is
Taken Up for Discussion.
Columbia, Feb. 10.?The house to?
day considered the question of issu?
ing or submitting to the voters the I
matter of issuing a million dollars
worth of bonds for the erection of I
two new Hosptials for the Insane. At
the time of taking the dinner recess I
no vote had been taken and there had
been no legislative expression.
The bond issue proposition is a
component part of the recommenda?
tions made by the majority of the in?
vestigating committee, while the min?
ority of the committee is entirely
against a bond issue and argue that
I such a debt is both unnecessary and
Some of the best speeches of the
session were made today on the ques?
tion of a bond issue. The minority
side was presented during the morn?
ing by Mr. J. P. Carey, of Plckens.
Mr. Harrison, who is deeply in earn?
est and most serious in the matter,
opened the argument for the bond is?
sue, and later on was followed by Dr.
Dick, also of the majority of the com?
mittee. Both Mr. Harrison and Dr.
Dick made clear-cut and good pre?
sentations of the advisability of the
State issuing the bonds and of letting
the voters have a chance to decide
what shall be done.
Dr. Dick, of the majority of the
committee, also insisted that this was
no personal matter. He asked first
have the members read the testimony
and second, have the reports been
read. Dr. Dick said he wished merely 1
to make a business statement. He
visited many similar institutions, and
when he returned here was ashamed I
of what this State was doing for its
Insane. One trouble he found was
that the asylum here had no ground
for exercise and work. The average
seems to be an acre per patient, and
even if the negroes be removed from
Columbia there would still not be
enough room for work and exercise I
?not an acre per patient. The ma?
jority report simply states facts as
they were found. Dr. 1 'ick said the I
centre building can never be adapted I
to this climate and conditions here. I
This State had the finest herd of cat- I
tie he saw at any iiistitution. The I
j Idea of the minority is to fix up the I
I present buildings for whites. The
proposition w:is to put whites in
buildings unrt: for negroes. The bond
issue does not mean debt for the
State. Every financier in Columbia I
?ays the present land, If sold In flf
teen years and Invested would can-1
eel the debt. He was unalterably op
posed to moving the white asylum
from the neighborhood of Columbia. I
All that he asked was to give the I
I people a chance to vote. It does not
mean debt; but it means changing the I
present plant into money with which j
to build two new plants.
Many other addresses were made
upon the subject?Mr. Cosgrove and I
Mr. McMahan favoring the proposed j
bond issue. In the midst of Mr. Mc-J
Mahan's argument the house ad?
journed for dinner and he resumed I
his argument at the night session. i
Mr. McMahan resuming his argu?
ment in favor of the bond issue for I
the building of a new asylum, said:
"This bond issue is Justifiable and I
proper," he argued. "It is urged as J
if your vote will put the bond Issue
on the people. The sole purpose is
to let the electors themselves decide
for themselves." He was only con?
cerned, ho said, in the matter of the
bond Issue. The plan is to have the I
present land sold in a business like
way, and to fix an upset price.
It would be safe to figure on half a
million dollars for the land. All ad?
mit that It is best to give patients
something to do. Employment is the
best thing to do, but there is no room
for such exercise.
Mr. M. Tv. Smith, of Kershaw, wish?
ed to extend congratulations to Mr.
Harrison for the manner of his pre?
sentation. "There is something high
and noble in this question," he said.
"Thne Is no man who is not deeply
touched by such a question. There
tire two report! and T hope that they
will be studied." He made a long
argument opposing Ofe bond issue.
Mr. Cothran, of Greenville, said it
was a matter of great regret that
there was a division In the commit?
tee in its report. n? had heard the
arguments. This question cannot be
brushed aside with Jokea or statistics
from other states. There has been
no argument against the bond Issue
based on condition!. The minority
reporl ahowa an absolute demand for
Dr. < >iiii Saw v. r. of Georgetown,
took up the argumenl seriously and
said he wanted to taiu a^ a member
of the commission m a phyalclan.
At the OOnclualon Of Mr. Sawyer's
argument, Mr. Duvall made the an
nouifcemenl of the d ath of hla col?
league, Mr. \V? IIa Vaughan. M r.
Vaughan has not attended the aea
slons this year on account of his ill
ness, and he died at his home in Ker
shavv. Mr. Vaughan was a young
man of unusual promise and capac?
ity. The house took absolutely no
vote on the bond bill today, and there
was no indication of expression.
SPAIN'S RICH CITY.
Few in America Realize the Indus?
trial Wealth of Barcelona.
It is not surprising that, if Spain,
always more or less agitated by in?
ternal dissensions, should have seri?
ous troubles, they should centre in
Barcelona, says a writer in Leslie's
The chief seaport of the nation is
here, and here congregate in great
numbers those grades of society
which are generally opposed to any
organized government. Here one
finds the richest and the poorest?
both disturbing elements, but for dif?
ferent reasons?one criroplalnlng of
unequal taxation and the other of
the restraints which the government
places upon license.
Few people in America realize the
industrial wealth of Barcelona or
how much she patronizes us foissraw
material. Over 125,000 people are
employed there in the cotton indus?
try alone, and the exports of this
work amount to at least $75,000,000
annually. A large amount of the
raw cotton used is purchased in the
Un'ted States and shipped from Gal
veston, Texas. So, after all, Ameri?
ca is more or less Interested in this
section of Spain. Living is cheaper
there than in any other city in Spain.
Rents are marvelously low, and I saw
a flat of fifteen rooms, with all mod
ern appliances, on the Fifth avenue
of the city, for which, the occupant
paid $45 per month. Indeed, a very
excellent apartment of ten rooms
can be obtained for $25. Labor,
however, in correspondingly low, and
the working class enjoys few luxuries.
The Catalan works with an unceas?
ing energy which rather startles the
laborer of other parts of Alfonso's
country. Although he listens to agi?
tators, he is often quick to think for
himself, and he fights for what he
considers his rights with the same
energy, and the government at Mad?
rid will do well to heed to the cry of
this restless child before It is too
late, for that cry is already finding
an echo in northern Spain.
Prussia's Great Revenues From Pub?
The State income from public prop
2rtles amounted, in 1908, to some?
what more than the total income
from borrowings. The railways were
the largest source of Income, and net?
ted $149,755,000, or about 8 per cent,
on the total Invested by Prussia in
Its railway system since the State be?
gan to buy and build railways, in
1848-49. Prussia derived from other
sources, from its crown forests, the
leased farms, the iron, coal, potash,
salt, and other mines, the porcelain
factories, banking, and a variety of
less Important industries, $26,900,000.
The policy of Prussia, which domi?
nates the empire, is strongly in the
direction of increasing the partici?
pation of the government in indus?
trial et^rprises. The Prussian legis?
lature acting upon a recommenda?
tion of the emperor, in the speech
from the tin one at the opening of
the Diet in 1906, passed a bill extend?
ing widely an old act, giving the
State the right to take over at a val?
uation any discovery of mineral
riches on private lands.
Germari manufacturing and mining
is rather more completely under the
control of combinations than is the
industry of any other country. The
closely organized syndicates in the
coal and iron industries control pro?
duction and selling prices more effec?
tively than does the United States
steel corporation in the United States.
The Prussian government, In Its de?
sire to have a seat In the coal syn?
dicate, determined three years ago to
buy a controlling Interest in the
shares of the Hibernla Coal Com?
pany, mining 7 per cent, of the coal
in the Rhlne-Westphalian region. The
Dresdner Bank, acting under a pri?
vate arrangement with the Prussian
treasury, bought shares on the Storfc
exchange until a majority of the cap?
italization had been acquired. The
anounccment that Prussia had
bought the control of the company
s?. vexed the group of coal owners who
had previously ruled the company
that they Increased the capitalization,
and issued the new shun s to them
selves, thus reacquirlng a majority.?
Prom "Monarchical Socialism in Ger?
many" by ESlmer Roberta in the Jan?
saved From Awful Peril.
*"i never felt so near my grave,"
writes Lewis Chamblln, of Manches?
ter. Ohio, lt. K. No. MSS when a
frightful cough and lung trouble pull?
ed me down to 115 pounds In spite of
many remedies and the best docl >rs.
And thai 1 am alive today Is due s-.h>
lv to Dr. King's New Discovery,
which completely cured me. Now I
weigh 160 pounds and can work hard,
it also cured my four children 1,1
croup." Infallible for Coughs and
colds, its the most eei tain remedy
for LaOrlppc tathma, deaperate lung
trouble and all bronchial sffectlons,
50c and $1.00. A trial bottle free.
Guaranteed by Blbert's Drug store.
? I. ??
THN VOTES FOR
J| Subject to rules ot The Osteen Publishing Co.'s Contest. Void
0 aRer February 19.
SEASON IS ON.
THERE'S no use for your dai?
ly dietary to become too
8 Boxes Celluloid Starch for 25c.
Continues This Week.
'WHERE QUALITY REIGNS"
HE FIRST NATIONAL, the old reliable.
Once you open an account with this bank, the same is
is seldom closed?for we give you the best facilities to be
had for the handling of your banking business. We want
new business?but never lose sight of the old. Come and
Capital, Surplus and Profits, $184,000.00.
IF you desire to make a change see us. We offer
the following desirable residences at reasonable
No. 204 West Liberty St., 8 room house, mode'n Imprvm'nt 20.00
No. 24 Haskell St., 8 room house 20.00
No. 504 W. Hampton Ave., 10 room house 20.00
Corner Salem and Hazel Sts., 4 room house 7.00
Hazel St., near Salem, 4 room house 7.00
No. 107 W. Liberty St., 4 room house 8.50
No. 101 S. Salem Ave., 7 room house, 18.00
Cor. Hazel and Chestnut Sts., 7 room bouse 14.00
Four 5-room houses on Haynsworth St., each 7.00
No. 9, S. Blandina Ave., 9 room house 15.00
Two 5-room houses N. Salem Ave., at 8.00
We have several nice houses for sale close-m.
SUMTER REAL ESTATE & INSURANGE CO.
HORSES, MULES. BUGGIES, WAGONS, HARNESS,
Linie, Cement, Acme Wall Plaster, Shingles, Laths,
Fire Brick, Clay, Stove Flue and Drain Pipe, Etc
Hay and Grain
All kinds, Horse, Cow, Hog and
Chicken Feed. :: :: :: :: ::
SEED OATS, WHEAT, RYE AND BARLEY.
A car load >>i a single article. Conic and sec us, if
unable to do so, write, or |>honc No. lo.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTER.
SUMTER, S C.