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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 16, 1910, Image 8',
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?TOST LETT El 18 FROM OUR SPE?
mm of Interest From all Parts of
sumtrr ami Adjoining Countlca.
flOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Mall your lattsrs so that they will
#wach this office not later than Mon?
day when intended for Wednesday's
taper and not later than Thursday
4a* Saturday's lasue. This, of course,
applies only to regular correapond
eace. In oaae of Itema of in usual
atrws value, eand In immediately by
aaail. telephone or telegraph. Such
eewa etorlee are acceptable up to the
hear of going to press. Wednesday's
papsr la printed Tuesday afternoon
and Saturday's paper Friday after
Max. Feb. 11.?Rev. B. K. Truluck
Conducted the funeral services last
Saturday at the family burial irround
two miles above Lake City, of Mr.
John Rodgera who died at hla home
In Olanta last Friday morning. Mr.
R?dgen waa a aaw mill man. one
Who attended to hla own business
well and did not meddle with others'
baelneaa. He will be greatly missed.
Rev L. L. Langst on preached at
Bethel last Saturday la the absence
of the pastor.
County Superintendent of Educa?
tion Cain la In our midst today.
Mr*. Junlua Ptnkly. of Hymon j,
?tatted relatives near Bethel and in
Otnntn last week.
Mtaa Annie Brocklnton. teacher at
Frlendfteld. vlatted her parents Sat?
urday and Sunday.
There have been more forest Area
about here, the result of carelessness
?f trash burner*.
Mrs. J. C. Truluck, who has been
critically 111, Is slowly improving.
Mr. Qeo. Ham and Mias Maud
Smith were married last Sunday af?
ternoon by Rev. B. K. Truluck.
Oata are looking shabby.
Stateburg, Feb. 13.?Mrs. Screven
Moore la spending some time With
friends In Charleston.
Miss Sadie Flud has gone to Hen
deraonvllle. N. C. to vlalt her slater,
Mrs. C. L. Boyte.
Mr. Frean Mellett and his family,
who have been residents of this neigh?
borhood lor the past several years,
have moved to Chadhourn. N. C.
which place they expect to make
their future home.
Mr. John CaMwell, of Portsmouth.
Va.. la vkdtlng his mother, Mrs.
Dr. Matt Moore la spending a few
days "In the city by the sea."
The many frl<nds of Mr. A. M. Lee
are glad to henr that he la getting
on nicely and hope that he will soon
be able to return home.
Mr. Hall Ramsey spent Sunday
with his parentis. Mr. and Mrs S. F.
Blahop a A. Ouerry will hold di?
vine eervice at the Church of the
Holy Crose. on Wedneaday morning,
February lath, it 11:30 o'clock.
On Friday It began raining early In
the morning and poured continuously
during the day. being by far the heav?
iest rain we have had In several
weeka This was followed on Satur?
day by a very high wind, resulting
In freealng weather again today.
SM ITH V ILLS.
Smlthvllle, Feb. 14.?Farm work Is
at a standstill. Very little cun be
done, aa the ground Is wet and frozen.
We are vlshlng for spring weather.
We are so tired of these freezing, bit?
ing winds with their colda and la
Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Robertson and
little son have l*en quite sick. They
are now convalescent.
Miea Abble Hatfleld Is visiting Miss
Miss Mallle Weldon and Mrs. Rob
IfcCutcheon spent Tuesday afternoon
with Miss Colsey Robertson.
Mr. and Mrs. D. J. Robertson and
children spent Saturday and Sunday
with relatives at Beulah.
Mrs. Tom Orler and Mrs. Henry Ar
ranta spent one day last week with
Mrs. S. Robertson.
Messrs. J. u. and Charlie Shiver
and C. M. Dunlap spent last Saturday
Hauling fertiliser la In progress
now. About the sume amount will bs
need as that of last year.
Miss Daisy Brown la visiting her
eteter, Mrs. W. N. Dunlap.
Charles S. May, former city c erk
of Rock Hill, now serving a Jail ler -
fence of three years for defaulting, is
la a serious condition of health. He
pleaded guilty when arraigned in
?ourt at Yorkvllle, although he might
have fought the ease In the courts for
It having been brought to the at?
tention of Oov. Ansel that May had
had a hemorrhage from the lungs and
and Is In a weak physical condition,
the governor ordered that May be
given a parole of six months and he
brought to the tuberculosis hospital
at the State prison. Oov. Ansel will
be given reports at regular periods as
to May a health.
CORN EXPOSITION. , |
MUCH INTUHH TAKK> IX EX?
HIBITION IX COLUMBIA IX
l4trgo I*rl*eH Offered?Southern
Stairs Show Doxirc to Cooperatc i"
Making it a Kiuvcm*.
The corn exposition will mean
much to Columbia and South Caro?
lina. The plans for the exposition
are being perfected and $5,000 in
prizes will be given. The legislature
will give $1,000 provided an addition?
al $4,000 is secured. A committee Is
now working on the plana for the
The exposition will not only be a
State-wide affair, but every State in
the South will be asked to participate.
Within the past several years there
has been a marked development in
the production of corn in the South
and the exposition will be held to
show what has been done to encour?
age the farmers for the future. The
United States departrt ant of agri?
culture will assist in tvery way in
making the exposition * success.
Oov. Ansel thinks thnt the exposi?
tion is a most excellen- plan for the
Improvement of farm conditions in
the State and South. The exposition
also has the endorsement of the South
Carolina Live Stock association, the
Corn Breeders' association, and the
Columbia Chamber of Commerce and
many business men.
All farmers in South Carolina
and the other States of the South
who grow corn are invited to send
their exhibits. The exhibits of the
Corn Breeders' association, the Boys'
corn club of the State, will be shown.
Every corn grower entering exhibits
will have a chance at the different
prizes. Several corn experts will at?
tend the exposition and corn Insti?
tute will bo In progress at the same
time and lectures will be given on
corn growing, breeding and cultivat?
The corn crop of last year was 8,
000,000 bushels greater than in 1908.
This incresase went on the market at
approtlmately $8,000,000. Commiss?
ioner Watson In his annual report
has the following to say concerning
the corn crop of the State.
"The United States government
figures of November 1 on corn crop
alone, which only three years ago
amounted In bushels to only about
17,500,000, was Increased in 1907 by
over 6,000,000 bushels, and again In
1908 by about 3,500,000, being in
that year 29,229,000. This year the
corn crop Is already 37,041,000 bush?
els, and 88 per cent, in quality, a
quality nearly 4 per cent above that
for the United States, and only a
little less than the Tilghest average,'
which is 88.8 per cent, for the North
Central Stains, east of the Mississippi.
This is an actual Increase in one
year of practically 8,000,000 bushels,
and nearly 20,000,000 in four years.
And it has been the direct result of
the Introdutic-.i of proper cultural
methods and agitation by the feder?
al and State governments in cooper?
ation. But those figures, as strong as
they are, and as indicative as they
are of the capabilities of the soil and
climate conditions, don't tell the!
who'e of the significant story. In
all the strictly South Atlantic States
the 1909 corn crop shows an increase
of only 13.154.200 bushels, and of
this total the smallest State of them
all shows 8,000,000 bushels, only 5.
000,000 representing all others. In
the year also South Carolina shows
8.000,000 of the 98,665.000 bushels in?
crease shown in the nation's crop, or a
little over l-12th. The real signi?
ficance comes In the Increase yield
per acre. In the whole United States
there was a decrease between 1908
and 1909 of .8 of a bushel per acre.
In the Soujh Central States a de
cnease of 4.6 bushels; and in the
North Central States, west of the
Mississippi, a decrease of .8 of a
bushel. In the North Central States
wiest of the Mississippi, there was an
Increase of 4.5 bushels per acre, and
in the South Atlantic States of .1 of a
bushel. In South Carolina the In?
crease WR8 2.6 bushels per acre over
1908, and practically six bushels per
acre over her 10-year average yield
per acre. The work of increasing
the corn yield per acre has, too, only
Just gotten under full sway. Farm
demonstration work was begun only
three years ago, and not a farm un?
der that work has shown a yield of
less than 30 bushel*; this year they
are running from 35 to 130 bushels,
and one 18-year-old boy has record
ed, under official Inspection, a yield
of one acre of 153 1-2 bushels."?
Clarence White, who was Inlured
by a ('. & W. C. train, near Laurens
several days ago, is d?>ad from the
The barn and stables of F. If,
Brock at Honen Path wero destroyed
lv flr?>. Two horses were cornum
In a short time the hens are a^ain
exprrted t<? l>e contributing to next
year's supply of cold-storage eggs.?
ADJOURNS THIS WEEK.
LEGISLATURE WORKING TO
Large Bfamber <>f Uncontented uuis
Paeeed?Mr. Foster's Washecwom?
?11 Ulli Causes Mirth?Other Mat?
Columbia, Feb. 11.?The closing
week of the general assembly (that
is If nothing happens to mar the pro?
gram) opens with a rush to pet
through. The senate finance com?
mittee has the appropriation bill; the
supply bill, county government and
magistrates bills are all through the
house, and these latter will consume
little of the time of the senate. The
bulk of local legislation Is through
and the members are anxious to get
rid^ of everything else that can de?
tain them, anfl while there are many
measures on the calendar that would
make good laws on the statute books,
there are many that need never have
I taken up the time of the engrossing
I department, and rather than run the
I chances of getting something on the
J books that ought not to be there, the
! general assembly will stop the mill
I to prevent things that ought not to
I be there. They will take no chances
I while their Inclinations lean the short
J way out of the difficulty.
A bill that has provoked a great
I deal of mirth In a very ordinarily
j grave and earnest body, was the bill
r passed Saturday, by Mr. Foster, to
I make It a misdemeanor for a wa3h
I erwoman to wear any of her patron?'
I c'othes. It passed and may become
J a law on the statute books. Nobody
j saw any reason to oppose its passage,
j though one objection could have
I held It up. The washerwomen of the
I country have no lobby at the State
I House and probably did not know
J that their time honored prerogatives
I were being endangered. No voije
I was raised and the washerwomen of
j the country must quit wearing the
I clothes put in their trust to Sunday
j school. To this might well be adde^
j cooks carrying home rations from
J their employer's pantries.
The viciousness of "uncontented leg
J islation" was manifested in a num
I ber of bills that went through on Sat
I urday. That legislative dodge is In
I tended to aid local interests in the
I general grind of the house, but many
J serious propositions, propositions well
j 'onded with legal dynamite masquer
1 ado under that head and get on the
J statute books to everybody's surprise.
I 1l Is a privilege abused, which may
I he plainly seen when one recogni/.es
I the fact that every case that is lost
I 'n courts in the State is mire than
I apt to be productive of a bill in the
I leglslatui a, especially if the losing
I attorney Is a member of the general
j assembly, and that member thinks
I that the safety of the ship of state
I depends on his maneuvering that bill
I The session just ending has been
noted for the entertainments given to
the members. All of the State insti?
tutions except the penitentiary, deaf,
dumb and blind institute and the
negro college have entertained the
general assembly. All of the col?
leges have had that honor, and the
visits have been delightful and proflt
I able. The members of the general
assembly know something of the
State institutions now, even the ajy
I lum has been officially visited Vy the
body of the general assembly. The
reformatory at Florence hopes for its
Inning next year.
Aside from these receptions' there
have been other functions given for
the legislature that have been very
delightful as well as beneficial. The
governor's reception Is an annual
event, but It Is always one of the
most delightful of the session. It wa?
particularly pleasant this year. The
reception at the Soldiers' Home was
a charming, Informal event which
was particularly pleasant. The
Daughters of the Confederacy had
that in charge and they always do
everything well. The reception ten?
dered by the chamber of commerce
of Cob mtna. was strictly a stag party,
but it was a mighty interesting one,
and served to put Columbia and her
business men and the representatives
of the State a great deal closer to
each other In interests.
Another side of the society life of
the session has been the number of
brides who have honored the vener?
able walls of the State House with
their presence. There were four
brides of members of the house: Mrs.
I). T>. MoColl, <?f Hennettsville. who
was Miss Sheppard. of Kdgefleld, the
daughter of Gov. Sheppard; Mrs. EC.
1 . Smith, of Anderson, who was Mis^
Lillian Fant, of Weatherford, Texas,
but formerly of Anderson. Mrs. D.
B, Daniels, of Saluda, who was the
much beloved Miss Mary T. Xance,
of Ijaurens. Mrs. John Porter Hol
lis, of Hock Hill, who was Miss Mary
Walker, of Yorkvllle. Two of the
gentlemen who have a great deal to
do with legislation, though not mem?
bers. Messrs. DePaM and Harris,
clerks of the ways and moans and
tiie Judiciary committee, have also
Joined the ranks of the benedicts,
and their brides were welcomed ad
dltlons to the legislative circle this
There seems to be little likelihood
of any of the liquor propositions on
the calendar going through or even
receiving serious consideration. The
house bill that caused so many heart
aches, slumbers peacefully near the
foot of the senate calendar with an
unfavorable report on It. The great
question will be thrown out to the
people on the Btal ? again this sum?
mer in the elections that are to he
eld for the different offices and will
result again in (tending many "one
idea" men to the legislature to play
ucks and drakes with serious legis
ation just because they stand in a
certain attitude towards the sale of
liquor that pleases the majority of
the voters of their respective dis?
The vote will be taken on the in
ome tax amendment this week, and
that will be the most important mat?
ter on the program for it will mark
either the entry into a new era In
government for the United States, or
the refusal to do so, for, as shown in
this correspondence, the rest of the
country waits on South Carolina.
A special effort will be made to
have the food inspection law passed
this year, If the matter Is ever
brought before the house, there will
be strong enough arguments pre?
sented to prompt general support,
but it to hard to get it up. Mr. Dan?
iel tried to get it up last week, but
"debate adjourned" bills had the
right of way over him, and though
his bill is a "special order" it had to
be passed over. The number of spe?
cial orders on the calendar would
make a pretty good calendar in
themselves, the mileage till is one of
them, and it does not seem to be
likely that it will be pressed. The
sentiment of the house has changed
and the lobby is absent and a spirit
of fairness to railroads and corpora?
tions seems to be kindling in place
of the former one to bear just as hard
on them as possible.
Col. Cosgrove's highway bond issue
bill is one of the special orders and
many another good proposition that
will never be even reached thi3
year. What does not get through the
house very early this week, unless it
be a senate bill, will be continued at
one fell swoop.
TO CUKE CANCER BY INOCULA?
Yew York Physician Has Cured Bats
And Believes He Can Save Lives
Of Human Beings.
Albany, N. Y., Feb. 13.-T-A strong
hope of curing cancer, or at least
greatly amelic rating the condition of
cancer patienis by means of Inocula?
tion, is held out in the report of
Harry R. Gaylord, director of the
cancer laboratory of the State de?
partment of health at Buffalo. This
hope i3 based on extended experi?
mentation during the past year In
the inoculation or vaccination of va?
rious animals, mainly rats, with the
"It appears," says the report, "that
where the resistance of the animal Is
not sufficiently awakened by one in?
oculation of the tumor this reslst
ence can be heightened by repeated
doses and, in a considerable propor?
tion of cases, immunity can be rais?
ed to a point which will bring about
"It Is needless ?o point out that
this process of repeated vaccination.
w!llch has cured in the proportion
of 25 to 40 in the case of rats, might
well be applied to those cases of
late cancer in human being in which
surgery has nothing to offer and the
outlook is hopeless.
"As we strongly urged the legisla?
ture in previous reports, the t'me
has come when v e should begin ex?
perimentation with human beings.
Funds sufficient to enable us to main?
tain 10 patients, is the least amount
which can be of value If this work
is to be undertaken."
Statistics are given to how that
cancer continues to increase. The
reports say that in the United State3
it has increased from nine per 10,000
population in 1850 to 43 in 1900, an
average of about 65 in 1901 and an
average of more than 7 0 in 1906.
COTTON SSOCIATION FORMED.
Organisation Designed to Bring
Grower .and .Manufacturer To?
gether is Inaugurated in Georgia.
Atlanta. Ga.. Feb. 10.?The Na?
tional Cotton and Cotton Products
association, designed to bring togeth?
er in one organization the varied
cotton interests, was organised here
today. A committee was named to
consider the advisability of holding
annually in some Southern city a
cotton exposition. Farmers, manu?
facturers, railway representative and
prominent educators were present at
A. M. Bottle, president of the Geor?
gia Agricultural college, was elected
president; Charles S. Barrett, presi?
dent of the National Farmers' Union,
vice president; G. S. Weaver, of At?
lanta, secretary, and Mayor Maddox
of Atlanta. treasurer. State vice
presidents also were elected.
GOSSIP FROM COLUMBIA.
LAW-MAKERS GETTING READY
Many Important Matters Will Not Be
Considered?Chat About the Av" -
Inm Whitewash?Bond Is-..
Columbia, Feb. 12.?The inner '
aembly is hurrying on to H's close,
e first step iti that direction waj
ken In the house ysterday when it
as decided to cut down the speech I
five minutes. This m.uns that the
me for long winded arguments is
past and whoever has something t -
say must say it and .cit down. The
asylum matter took up more time
than any proposition before the a -
sembly this session, and it was one
proposition which called for speak
ng. Not a great many members had
been able to make up their minds
what to do, certainly few except those
who could give no reason for their po
ition except a prejudice. The argu?
ments were certainly listened to with
great deal of Interest, and many
men made up their minds in the
course of the debate.
There are still a great many bills
f wide genera] interest on the cal
ndar, the majority of which will be
eft there when the session ends, for
he majority of the house are going to
be very unwilling to stay longer than
next week, and the majority of the
senate seems to be in pretty much
the same way of thinking. The in?
come tax amendment to the constitu?
tion remains to be disposed of, but
many of the members declare that
they are not going* to hold over a
single day to consider something that
belongs to the United States when
their crops and business or family in?
terests demand their presence at
The mileage bill will probably not
take much time. What the senate
has done for that proposition will
wilt the bud in the house. For one
thing it is to be noted very strongly
that there is not the lobby in the
State House this year working to se?
cure its passage that was to be noted
last yar. In fact, there are interested
men here this year who are outspok?
en against it. The freak that cam^
over to the house from the senate
that runs about over the paper and
goes back in at the same hole where
It came out, will hardly pass the
house, and Mr. M. L. Smith has not
yet shown any determination to push
the bill that h* introduced.
One matter that will cause a fight
on the floor of the house is to be
found In the proposed amendments to
the high school law. The new bill
which is sought to relieve some of
the troubles of the old act, will be
bitterly fought by the representatives
interested in "he towns that have
been getting aid under the bill con?
trary to its spirit and purpose, which
was the aid of the rural schools, be?
cause the State could best realize a
benefit from that sort of expenditure,
which expenditures in the towns
would not realize. The bill as intro?
duced by Mr. McColl provides that
high schools may be aided in any
towns of the State as well as rural
districts where the provisions are
complied with. The committee oh
education changed those provisions
materially. Last year the bill would
have been killed but for the definite
promise to restrict it to the rural dis?
tricts, which purpose was defeated
horribly In the committee of fre?
conference, where the limit was
raised. There will be a merry fight
on it when It comes up, the towns do
not want to give up the aid they are
getting, and to defeat the bills meant)
that things will be left as they are.
which will give aid to many towns
that will poll a large vote In the next
election, and it is the custom of vot?
ers to vote for a man who pleases
them in some particular rather than
a man who acts from a principle of
The report of the inspector shows,
however, that there is a demand in
four counties for aid under the pro?
visions of the act where it cannot be
given because the quota for the
county has been used up by the
schools In the towns, and the rural
districts must wait, or the limit must
be raised, which also, the committee
1 refused to allow.
The vote on the asylum bond issue
was very much of a surprise, it was
nearly three to ar<| did nj- in?
dicate that the membori of the ho ,s<
discredited the representations of the
majority of the Investigating com?
mittee, but rather that they felt as?
sured that the relief could be had
without so radical a step. It has
been stated with positiv? ness that the
present board of regents will relieve
the congestion by returning to the
counties those who are not In tin in
f.itutlon of necesetti The counllee
must arrange to take care of the
feeble minded and idiots who are not
dangerous to aoclety. The regents
will nol be rebuked or censured by
the aaaembly but there is a general
feling that they ought to resign and
a more aotlve board appointed which
Will work the reforms needed. It Is
understood, also that the elder mem?
bers of the board will give
way soon to new ones, for their
terms expire very soon.
Bond i?sues are growing very pop
i,;ar, how}\er, as may be seen from
the number of bills leading in that
direction, 1 rods for rural schools
have been so common as to alarm the
cMr.plnlkr ptus'Kt, all town aid
eitifs are coming in under the same
amendment that gave to Florence,
Georgetown and Bock Hill the right
to IncreajM their bonded indebted?
ness, two or three towns and cities
isle lor that right every year. Xow
<jome3 a proposition from the Pled
mont to change the constitution so
f ir as to allow townships in Green?
wood county to vote bonds to aid a
new railroad proposed up there.
Bonding communities is so very easy
a way to get money and nobody has
been burned in so long a time that
n nv nobody is afraid of them. When
he constitution was framed the sores
on several counties and townships
were raw, but they have been healed
over by kindly Father Time.
STATE TAX LEVY.
H?cker Has a Bill to Reduce It?It
Bill Passes the Ltvy Will Be One
Mill I/nver Than tagt Year.
Columbia, Feb. 12.?Chairman of
the ways and means committee
has a bill on the calendar providing
for the return of the money received
from the old State dispensary into
the general State treasury. He says
that if the bill passes the levy in?
stead of being made 5 3-4 mills, as
was done by the house, the figures
can be changed to 4 3-4 mills, a mill
less than last year.
Mr. Rucker, who is a lawyer, and
other legal talent have carefully con?
sidered the matter and have agreed
that there is nothing to prevent it,
the constitution providing that the
"net annual profits' be devoted to
the school fund. This sum is in no
sense "net annual profit" and may be
therefore put in the State treasury
and appropriated as needed. It would
save a big slice of taxes if adopted.
The bill has passed the house with?
out a d'.osenting vote and is now in
FIRE IX M AY ES V1LLE.
House Occupied bj J. L. Watfowl
Mayesville, Feb. 11.?Fire destroy?
ed the home of J. L. Watford this
morning about 1:30. The family was
awakened by a neighbor after the
back of the house was in flames. The
house was competely destroyed and
the house of J. F. Anderson, next
door, came near being burned. The
wind was blowing across the street
In the direction of the new school
building and this probably saved ad?
joining property. The school build?
ing was not damaged. Mr. Watford
lost his kitchen furniture, but saved
nearly all of his other household ef?
The residence was one of the old?
est in town and was owned by T. L.
Kahn. The loss is partially covered
Mr. Kahn soon will build a hand?
some modern residence on the site
of the burned building.
The origin of the fire Is unknown.
The flames were discovered in the
rear of the house.
Another serious fire was threaten?
ed last night when the boys' dormi?
tory of ihe Mayesville Educational
and Industrial Institute (negro)
caught on fire, but the flames were
extinguished by the students.
Dr. Cook at Chilian Port.
Valdlvia, Jhile, Feb. 13.?Dr. Fred?
erick A. Cook, the explorer, and his"
wife arrived here on board the Ger?
man steamer Osiris, having taken a
cabin at Montevideo. Dr. Cook trav?
eled under the name of T. Craig. He
and his wife sailed North today. He
declined to be interviewed.
The steamer Osiris sailed from
Hamburg January 1 and from Ant?
werp January 8 fo- Callao. Presum?
ably she touched at Montevideo,
where the Cooks are said to have
boarded her, but her call there ha3
not been reported.
Tnder and by virtue of the Execu?
tions of the Court of Magistrate for
Bumter County, in the State of South
Carolina, in the cases of Ryttenberg
and Company against S. C. Truesdale,
and George D. Shore and Brother.
Inc.. against S. C. Truesdale. (six
cases) I will sell at public auction,
to the highest bidder, in front of the
store of the said S. C. Truesdale, lo?
cated on Main Street in the Town of
Mayesville, County and State afore?
said, on the 2T>th lay of February,
1910. being Friday, during the hours
of 11 o'clock a. m. and 3 o'clock
p. m.. the following described per?
sonal property, to wit: All that stock
of groceries, meats sad other article*
of general meivha disc, located in
the Store lately occupied by S. C.
Truesdale. as a place of business, on
Main Street in the Town of Mayes?
ville. County and State aforesaid.
Terms of sale. Cash.
iSigned) R. H. ANDBR40N,