Newspaper Page Text
SATURDAY, FltRUARY 19, 1910.
The Sumter Watchman wan found
ad la 1850 and tha Trua 8outhron In
let I. Iba Wntchman and Clouthron
?aw haa tha ot snbtned circulation and
of bath of tha old papers,
la manifestly tha bast advertising
?tedium In Sumtsr.
The decision of tha Supreme Court
setting istde the deed of the father
and awirding to Mrs. B. R. Till man,
Jr., tha custodr of her two children, ia
good common sense and therefore
good las/. Wa believe It right that
Mrs Tlllman should have the child?
ren. In Iba absence of any charge that
aha la Incapable, or unabla to give
them tha proper cars, but we sea no
occasion for the hysterics some poo
pla and newspapers have been trying
to work up over tha caaa. The report
?emanating from Columbia that parti
?ana of young Mrs. Tlllman had plot
tad a violent demonstration against
Senator Til Im in is about the silliest
thing we hav< heard In a long time.
Wa would not protest against the or?
derly removal of Senator Tlllman's
p?**ra!t from Its present cor.splcucu?
place In the h ill of the House of Rep?
resentatives to a more secluded niche,"
bat for an addle pa ted mob of plot*
tare to "tear It down and thre w It into
the street" would be Just a little more
disgraceful than ridiculous.
? . I ?
The refusal of the Legis ature to
apend It.000 for a statue of Calhoun
to bs placed In the Stats Houac Is to
THE PIANO CONTEST.
Greatest and Beet Bonus Yet
The Ptano-Oold Watch contest will
cloae at S o'clock p. m. Satuiday Feb?
ruary 18th. The business office will
remain open until that hour to re?
ceive ballots, but no votes will be re?
ceived after 8 o'clock, unless sent by
mall and showing postmark prior to
? p. m., Peb. 88th.
In less than two weeks the contest
will close and the contestants should
make en effort to get their votes In
or have them all ready to be deposit*
ed on the t8th.
The finish Is bound to be cloae and
exciting and the candidates who
make the effort to secure new sub?
scribers between this date and the
88th and ere successful will win the
For the purpose of encouraging re*
newed effort to secure new subscrip?
tions to the Watchman and Southron
we make the following offer:
For 100 paid In advance subscrip?
tions to the Watchman and Southron
80.000 votea and a bonus of 100,000
For 100 paid In advance subscrip?
tions to the Watchman and Southron
80.000 votea and a bonus of 40,000
For 80 paid In advance subscrip?
tions to ths Wetchman and Southron
18.000 votes and a bonus of 18,000
For 85 paid in advance subscrip?
tion- to the Watchman and Southron
7.800 votes and a bonus of 1.000 votes.
All paid in advance suascriptions
handed in by contestanta since Feb.
ruary 1st will be counted for this bo?
If you want the piano or one of the
watchee, now is the time to get to
work end Induce your friends and
neighbors to subscribe.
FIGHT OVEH TILLMAN CASE.
Both tlhle* Favor Young Mrs. Tlllman
Bat Result of Altercation Is That
One Is Badly Cut.
Kdjrefleld, Feb. 18.?As a result of
a discussion entered Into by Messrs.
Ben U Jones, of this town, and Wal?
ter Stevens of North Augusta, as to
the T llman case the latter was badly
thoiiKh not seriously wounded with
a knife at the hands of th? former
Both are sympathizers of Mrs
Tlllman, and It was rather surprising
that they should have fallen out about
it. The feeling is so Intense here,
however, and Rdgefleld's blood Is so
awakened with sympathy for the
v..mi* mother and Indignation over her
recent suspense that It Is no wonder
that even friends should wreak their
veng?nance on each othe? if they
can't land ?>n some lettow <>f g differ?
Th?- Jones-Strv. us Incident is sup- 1
posed t<? b?? closed and the young man
' turned t?? his homo.
William Huekley Muria;-, a former
member ..f the class of IS 11 of Rut
gers College, who obtained a free '
scholarship n f'ohimhla I'niverslty, '
Is counted by Rutgers friends as a 1
In? kv man ||. kj now engaged in
plnvlng th.- chirms at historic Trinity1
(hm. hi New Y..rk, at a salary of
$?>" ' I ir. ,
The <ot?on market has Humped
again and local buyers are Offering:
oniv 14 1-4 to 14 1-2 cents, according
to grade, at present.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. W. Dabbe, President Fanners' Union of Sumter
The Watchmen and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features,
The first to be Inaugurated Is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union newa and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clip dngs from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletina aa 1 think will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articlea by any of our readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | abliahed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl Is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Meyesville, 8. C.
POINTS FOR THE POULTRYMAN.
How Average* Farmer May Make
Money From Fnwl?~Tlioroughbred
Stock a Sine Qua Xon?Warm
Clean Houses and tlie Right KJnda
of Food Important Factors-?Look?
ing After the Chicks the Time when
the Battle Is Lohi. or Won.
On account of the universal inter?
est in poultry raining, Col. M. L.
Donaldson has written a bulletin for
the Clemson Popular Bulletin series
on "Poultry Raising as it Relates to
the Average Farm," treating the
subject "In a practical way for prac?
The United States census for 1900
shows the value of the poultry pro?
duct for South Carolina to be 81.
589.765; eggs 8925,966, making a
total of 82.465,721 and showing poul?
try to be a factor In farm economies
of no mean Importance. With the ap?
plication of a little more Intelligence
and Improved methods the above
figures may be greatly enlarged.
Aa a first principle, the best results
can not be obtained from mongrel,
scrub stock. Thoroughbreds, no mat?
ter what breed, will in the long run
prove the beat. For meat and eggs;
they get the quick-growing large
breasted varieties?Rocks, Rhode Is?
land Reds, Indian games, Wyandottes;
for eggs, the Leghorns and French
varieties. It la a method question,
however, if year in and year out, the
larger breeda will not produce a ?
many egga aa the smaller so-called
laying breeda. General management,
food, quarters, etc, have much to do
Fowls Fowl Houses.
Having decided on the breed, select
the Individual birds. Cocks should be
sturdy and vigorous, standard color,
weight and shape. Females should
be long-bodied, with bright eyes, an
air of buslnesa when In motion?
quick, alert and* active. Twelve fe?
males of the large meat varieties
should be mated with one cock; four?
teen of the smaller breeds.
The old custom of allowing poultry
to roost in open sheds or trees will
not do If eggs In paying: quantities are
expected. Inexpensive quarters pro?
tecting from cold north and east
winds should be provided, and will
pay In every case. Quarters should
be cleaned at least onoe a week, and
lime used freely on the floor and
white-wash on the walls occasionally,
to prevent lice and mites. "One little
louse Is enough to kill one little chick?
The plan of letting the hen in?
cubate and brood her own offspring
Is, of course, the least troublesome,
and perhaps the most successful; but
It has proved Inadequate to meet the
increasing demand for poultry and
eggs. The problem Is how to feed
and manage the flock to get the larg?
est returns outsidt the natural breed?
ing season, when the demand Is strong
and the prices are high, during the
winter and the late spring.
For flocks that have range, the
character of housing and ration in?
dicated above is sufficient. Corn,
oats, wheat, barley, sorghum seed,
with beef scrap or ground green bone
once or twice a week, is a safe and
satisfactory bill of fare. The usual
manner of feeding twice a day often
in excessive quantities, may thwart the
object In view and prove a positive
Injury. The crop of a fowl is not a
stomach, but a store house. A hungry
ch'cken Will Invariably pack the crop
as full as possible. Then, when water
Is added, the dry food swells to such
an extent that the functions of the
crop are setarded or stopped, the
.hole digestive prOQSOl impaired, re?
sulting in Indlgeatlon, or so-called
Choleri What Is called cholera is
in most cast s only indie Btlon pro?
duced by sour food in an ov< rcrowd
ed crop; but is as fatal as genuine
cholera, The simple preventive for
this is "hooper feeding," or keeping
ground such as whr.it bran food al
ways before them to eal at leisure
which, besides bl Ing a remedy for
ibis, in the oheapesl way of feedlngi
for the reason lhal when they can km
the food at all times, only enough will
be taken at a time to keep up the di?
gestive grinding. Grain should be fed
In little to require soui? exercise.
Care of Chicks.
The artificial Incubator is the hap?
py solution of the proldem of getting
early broilers. Without discussing
the merits of the mauy incubators,
many of which are good, it Is desir?
able to say that insti actions should
be followed. Rearing the brood
aftcjr hatching is the rub, and many
beginners fail, get disgusted and quit.
Upon just two things success depends:
Sufficient but natural warmth and
proper feeding for the first ten days.
Twenty or thirty chickens hovered In
a box twenty Inches square, with a
little clean straw or chaff at the bot?
tom and a cloth or padded quilt at
their backs, will keep perfectly com?
fortable the coldest nights. Of course
there must be an opening In the side
for the chicks to run In nd out for
fresh air, as they would do with the
hen; In this way they will not sweat
or freeze as when artificial heat is
employed as In brooders. A little
while too hot or too cold in a brood?
er Is sure to be followed by conges?
tion of the lungs or bowel trouble, or
both, and subsequent loss of the
In 21 days the hatch Is over. ling?
ering chicks that come out of the
shell after that are net likely to live.
Keep chicks in nursery of the Incuba?
tor for twenty-four hours, letting the
temperature down from 104 to 90 de?
grees gradually. Then remove to a
dry shed or room with as little change
as possible. Each chick should have
its bill dipped in water, but should
have no solid food for twenty-four
hours longer. Don't let sympathy get
the best of your Judgment at this
juncture. Nature has provided three
days' rations In the crop of each
chick, after which it is strong enough
to seek out food. When the chick
looks keen and active place a little
food before it?egg bread a little dry
crumbled in small quantities, half as
much as they would eat. Never give
wet food to brooded chickens till they
are over three weeks old. Be stingy
in feeding for ten days; less danger
from starvation than from overfeed?
ing. Supply plenty of fresh water
and sand or fine grit.
The best cure for diseases among
chickens is preventives. But there are
some wholesale sicknesses. So-called
cholera, a weak, sick appearance,
pale gills and comb, excrement watery
and sulphurous appearance, generally
only Indigestion, and caused by over?
crowded crop, and may be avoided by
supplying plenty of good sharp grit,
which Is to poultry what teeth are to
other animals. Besides the grit sup?
ply ten drops of sulphuric acid water
to every twenty fowls, and always
quarantine the sick chickens. When
in doubt two drops of spirits of tur?
pentine will do no harm and will
often do good.
Another disastrous trouble is lim?
ber necks, caused by eating grubs
produced by the blue bottle fly. De?
caying flesh of any kind about the
premises Is the fruitful cause. Pre?
vention is the best cure; but some?
times the owner knows nothing of the
cause till he sees the effect. In such
j cases try to destroy the life of the
I grub without killing the fowl. A tea
spoonful of Mustang liniment night
and morning, followed by a teaspoon
ful of castor oil, will euro the worst
OAS*. The liniment will kill the grub
and the oil will get It out of the sys?
Sorehead, a common disease In the
fall, oan be Stopped at once by touch?
ing the sores as they appear with
tincture of Iron, it Is thought to be
caused by a parasite, and special care
as to cleanlineaa is the beat safeguard,
Mow to Gel Good Seed for the Gar?
As a rule, it is bad policy t<? buy gar
dei aeed thai art* off* red at low prices,
for it coats more t'? grow good seed
lhan poor onea, and the very fact thai
you are offered aeed below the price
? harged by the beat seedamen lasuffl
cient evidence that they should be let
alone. Buy only the best, and buy
from seedsmen oif long standing and
unblemished reputation. If you get a
seed catalog with the most impossible
pictures of fields of vegetables, water?
melons, etc., that, is usually a good
catalog to put in the fire. But when
a catalog has photographic illustra?
tions in half-tone taken direct from
the plants themselves it shows a man
who Is not trying to deceive, and gen?
erally has good seed.?W. F. Massy,
In Progressive Farmer.
The Love You Should Feel For Your
We would have every farmer love
his work even as the artist loves his
work, and In this spirit, too, every
farmer should love his farm itself as
he would love a favorite horse or
dog. He should know every rod of
the ground should know just what
each acre Is adapted to, should feel
a joy and pride in having every hill
and valley look its best, and should
be as much ashamed to have a field
scarred with gullies as he would be to
have a beautiful colt marked with
lashes; as much ashamed to have a
piece of ground worn out from ill
treatment as to have a horse gaunt
and bony from neglect; as much hurt
at seeing his acres sick from wretched
management as he would be at seeing
his cows half starving from the same
Love your ground?that piece of
God's creation which you hold in fee
simple. Fatten its poor parts as care?
fully as you would nurture an ailing
Collie. Heal the washed, torn places
In the hillside as you would the barb
scars on your pony. Feed with leg?
umes and soiling crops and fertilizers
the galled and barren patch that
needs special attention; nurse it back
to life and beauty and frultfulness.
Make a meadow of the bottom that is
inclined to wash; watch it and care
for it until the kindly root masses heal
every wound, and in one unbroken
surface the "tides of grass break into
foam of flowers'* upon the outer
edges. Don't forget even the forest
lands. See that every acre of wood?
land has trees enough on It to make
It profitable: "a good stand" of the
timber crop as well as of every other
crop. Have an eye to the beautiful
In laying off the cleared fields?a tree
here and there, but no wretched beg?
gar's coat mingling of little patches
and little rents: rather broad fields
fully tended and of as nearly uniform
fertility as possible, making of your
growing crops, as it were, each a
beautiful garment, whole and un?
broken to clothe the fruitful acres,
which God has given you to keep and
tend as He gave the first Garden into
the keeping of our first parent.?
Raleigh, (N. C.) Progressive Farmer
Love Your Profession.
Love your stock and have comfort?
able quarters for them, and you will
have good stock. A man with only a
hog hovel and a mule has nothing to
love in the way of stock, and no one
spends much love on a scrub cow
that stands outside all winter and has
the 'hollow" stomash in the spring.
No one can take pride In an old raz?
or-back sow and her long-nosed pigs.
But let him once have a fine Berk?
shire pair and he will take pride In
showing the Utter of stub-nosed little
roasters. He will get to love a colt
from a good mare with good blood In
him, and will boast to all his neigh?
bors of his Jerseys that have been
well fed on peavlne hay and have
been making golden blocks of butter
all winter.?Progressive Farmer.
Twelve Things to Do This Month.
(1) Break all the land possible, so
as to have it ready when spring
comes. Plow deeply all clay soils.
(2) Keep the fire out of the fields;
do a little more work if necessary to
get the trash worked Into the soil.
(3) Open up d'tches, or make
new ones?the broad, shallow kind,?
straighten up terraces, clean up
banks, fence rows, etc.
(4) Get stumps and brush out of
the fields; fill In the gullies.
(5) Look over the machinery and
see that It is ready for use. Arrange
now for the purchase of new Im?
(6) Begin getting the horses and
mules ready for the spring rush; put
them to work by degrees; Increase
their feed gradually, groom well once
(7) Prepare the hot beds, If not
already done, and sow tomatoes, pep?
per, etc. Sow cabbage, lettuce, onion
and radish seed. Plant peas and
early potato, s.
(8) <Jet good seed of corn, cotton,
and other field crops ready for plant?
ing. If tin re is any question of their
quality, test Rfeedl for vitality.
en Fence off the lots for the pigs
and begin preparing a pasture rota?
tion for them.
(10) Set the Inns; clean out the
poultry bous s; whitewash; prepare
coops anil brooders.
I til) Prune the fruit trees. If
j you suspect Ban Jose scale, spray
! with lime-sulphur solution.
! (12) Gel the tobacco beds ready.
Sow only eb an and In avy seed.
i Progressive Farmer.
Mit. ATHUR P. FORD DEAD,
Former Edltor of Alken Record* r
Passes Away Suddenly.
Aiken, Feb. 15.?Mr. Arthur Pe
ronneau Ford, formerly editor of the
Alken Recorder, died at his home
here this morning at 10.30 o'clock.
Mr. Ford has been in 111 health for
several months, having been forced
just recently to give up bis work as
editor of this paper, selling It the
first of the present month. He was
Just recovering from an attack of la
grippe, as his friends thought, and
retired as usual last night. During
the night he was taken suddenly
worse, being found unconscious this
morning. He never recovered from
this unconsciousness, but passed
Mr. Ford was born in Charleston in
1844, and at the age of 16 enlisted
in the Confederate army as a mem?
ber of the Palmetto Guard, of Char?
leston. He served throughout the
great conflict, being tw e wounded,
and on a third occasion a prayer
book stopped a dangerous bullet,
which would probably have ended
his life. He was one of the old type
of unreconstructed rebels, and al?
ways took great interest in matters
pertaining to the war.
After the war he settled In Char?
leston and engaged in the cotton busi?
ness. It was there that he married
Miss Marion J. . Porche- in 1873.
Early In the eighties he moved to
Aiken and entered newspaper work,
buying the Recorder from Mr. Chas.
Drayton. He was associated with
Mr. J. E. McCracken in publishing
this paper, and later became its sole
owner and proprietor, publishing It
until forced to give up all work on
account of ill health some time ago.
He was a writer of force and wield?
ed a great deal of influence In his
Mr. Ford's wife died several years
ago. He leaves to mourn him his
two daughters, Misses Louise and
Mr. Roosevelt's Fine Description of
The Nairobi Falls, which were on
Heatley's Ranch, were singularly
beautiful. Heatley and I visited them
one evening after sunset, coming
home from a day's hunt. It was a
ride I shall long remember. We left
our men, and let the horses gallop.
As the sun set behind us, the long
lights changed the look of the coun?
try and gave !t a beauty that had in
it an element of the mysterious and
the unreal. The mountains loomed
both large and more vague than they
had been In the bright sunlight, and
the plains lost th-elr look of parched
desolation as the afterglow came and
went. We were galloping through a
world of dim shade and dying color;
and in this world, our horses sudden?
ly halted on the brink of a deep ra?
vine from out of which came the
thunder of a cataract. We reined up
on a jutting point. The snowy mass?
es of the fall foamed over a ledge on
our right, and below at our feet was
a great pool of swirling water. Thick
foliage trees, of strange shape and
festooned with creepers climed the
sheer sides of the ravine. A black and
white eagle perched in a blasted tree
top In front; and the bleached skull
of a long-dead rhinoceros glimmered
white near the brink to one side.
On another occasion we took our
launch at the foot of Rewero Falls.
These are not as high as the falls of
the Nairobi, but they are almost as
beautiful. We clambered down into
the ravine a little distance below and
made our way toward them, beside
the brawling, rock-choked torrent.
Great trees towered overhead, and
among their tops the monkeys chat?
tered and screeched. The fall itself
was broken in two parts like a minia?
ture Niagara, and the spray curtain
shifted to and fro as the wind blew.?
Theodore Roosevelt, in February
The Strength of Pulic Opinion.
For the first time in our national
history economics are not regarded
as suitable only for the edification of
the political economist, says E. A.
Van Valkenburg in "Success Maga?
zine." Economics are coming to be
regarded as a flesh- and-blood, heart
and-soul personal problem. This is
developing the public opinion which
ultimately will sweep away mis
government and civic abueee.
To thoaa whose mainspring of
action is morality, it may not be
pleasing to a lmlt that an appeal to
man'l Selfish instincts is necessary to
bring aix>ui changes for good. Let
these good people remember that
however far apart at the beginning
two forces may be that are working
? for the same end. their lines must
constantly converge. The decisive
victory RlUSl come Horn public opin
' i< n. And a majority public opinion
must come from a union of altruistic
ethical convictions and enlightened
The m ?dern high explosive which
aJone possesses the force to shatter
every fortification of civic misrule
Will be B combination of ethics and
I economics?enlightened selfishness.
Many (ire Hi Systems Make Prvsions
for Caring for Men Who Grow Old
New York, Feb. 16.?According to
the latest estimate obtainable there
are 67 4.259 railroad n ployes in t
United States in line for pensio
This is about 40 per ceat of the total
number of railroad employees In this
country. Thirteen railroads report
that 4,659 in the fiscal year ending
June 30, 1907.
A number of railroads have had
unofficial pension systems for ma4fcy
years. Among these is the Central
Railroad of New Jersey; the New
York Central also granted pensions
before it Inaugurated its official plan
on January 1, 1910. The officials in
charge of the Pension Department of
the New York Central, with Its 125,
000 employees, estimate that the In?
auguration of the new plan will
1,500 to 2,000 men a year to th
number already drawing pensions.
The twenty-one ral road systems
having pension departments in oper?
ation are the Atchis^n, Topeka &
Santa Fe, the Atlantic Coast Line, th,
Bessemer & Lake Erie Railroad,
Baltimore & Ohio, the Boston & Al?
bany, the Buffalo, Rocnester & Pitts
burg, the Central of New Jersey, the
Chicago & Northwestern, the Chicago,
St. Paul, Minneapolis & Omaha, the
Cleveland Terminal &. Valley,
Delaware, Lackawanna & Weste
the Houston & Texas, the New York
Central, the Illinois Central, the
Oregon Railroad & Navigation Co.,
the Oregon Short Lin?, the Pennsly
vanla, the Philacelph a & Reading,
the Rock Island, the Southern Pa*M
fic and the Union Pacific. The eijf>
ployees of the numerous subsidiaries
are includeed, of course, In the pen?
In the majority of cases the pen?
sion Is fixed at 1 pe cent of the
average wage for the ten years next
preceding retirement multiplied ~ls?
the number of years >f services. TrSr
example, If an engine nan has earned
$150 a month on the average during
the last ten years of I Is service, and
has been in the employ of the com?
pany for thirty years, he is retired on
a pension of $45 a month.
In every case the pension fund is
supported exclusively by the company,
the employees not contributing there?
to. The pensions are given for both
superannuation and disability. The
age of retirement on four roads?the
Atchlson. Topeka & Santa Fe,
Baltimore & Ohio, the Buffalo, Rot?
ester & Pittsburg, and the New York
Central?is 66. years old. On the
rest of the roads it is 70 years. Half
of the roads limit the age at which
the laborer may be employed to 36
years, and half to 45 years.
roads, the Rock Island and the Union
Pacific, make th? distinction of em?
ploying inexperienced labor at 35
years, and experienced at 45 years.
The length op. service after which a
man is liable for pension varies with
the different roads from
years, 20 years being the
All insist on continuous service, but
the interpretation of this term is
most liberal. As a general rule,
leave of abence, suspension for dis?
cipline, or temporary lay-off (not ex?
ceeding one year) on account ots^Je
duction in force, Is not considered a
break In the continuity of service.
When an employee leaves the road
voluntarily, of course, he interrupts
the continuity of his service, and may
destroy a long record entitling him to
a liberal uenslon.
The records of employment ^re
carefully kept, some of the card in?
dex files containing from 250,000 to
300,000 names. An instance is
cited, where an englneman applied
for a pension for service dating from
1869. His record showed that he was
entitled to a pension for sertiw
dating from 1866, and he was
On Women's Mights.
(From London Truth.)
Last year Sir Melvill Beachcsoft
chairman of the London (^A.y
Council, made a speech at the Ly?
ceum Club on what women could do
in that body. He began by saying.
"I take it you ;ill know what your
rights and what your privileges are
In that connection." He was quite
mistaken. In any 200 women t-ttfe
is certain to be a proportion utterly
ignorant, not only of their rights
and privileges, but of their duties.
Ehren in the specialized audience ad?
dressed by sir Melvill this was the
case. How many women living in
London know that they can votettJaV
the 28 borough cot nclls and 31
boards of guardians of the London
County Council; that they can also
be ebeted themselves for these, be
members of the Central Unemployed
Body or of the 29 <"istress coronslt
tees. and also be co-oj ted to all cSjsrr
bodies like tin l>u%al Pension com?
mittees? Women can be Aldermen
of the Council, and there is nothing
to prevent any one of them from
holding the office of chairman Itself.
These are the offices they can hold,
but very t. w of them do. ^
j Brave men were living before Age