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HHOIEN AWARDED MOTHER.
?PRK.MK OOtRT DECIDES
AGAINST SENATOR T1LLM.\N.
Unanimous Opinion Handed Down
".tu* Morning Setting Aside Deed of
Voung Ben Till man and Restoring
Itilldrm to Thru* Mother.
Columbia. Feb. 16.?The State Su?
preme Court's decision, which was
render**! unanimously today, in the
Tlllraan case, awards Senator Tll'
aai.n's grand-children to young Mrs.
The court holds that the act under
wtlch B. R. Tlllman' Jr.. deeded his
Children to his parents Is In violation
Of both State and Federal constitu?
te na as It la a form of peonage
against the children and In violation
Of an established principle of law
that the State will award the custody
of children for their beat Interest.
The bill changing the law under which
Be oat or TlUman got the children will
be presaed on to ratification, as the
ohange la necessary in aplte of the
Attorney J. Wm. Thurmond for
Senator TlUman. agreed with Attor
aeya DePaas A DePsas for Mrs. Till
sain, today not to wait on remlttltur
to. be sent down, and promised to
bring Mrs. Tinman's children to her
tomorrow. Toung Mrs. Till man Is
temporarily here with a kinswoman,
Mrs. Dr. Frank Butler.
Columbia. Feb. II.?Not only are
Mrs. Lucy Tlllman and her relatives
delighted with the Supreme Court'a
decision awarding her the cuatody of
aer children, but practically the whole
State has been stirred in sympathy
with her to auch an extent that It la
practically certain that a violent dem?
onstration against Senator Tlllman
would have followed a decision against
Two well organised plots had been
formed to be carried out In case she
lost her children. One was to forci?
bly take the children from Senator
Tlllman and the other was to tear
down Senator Tillman'a portrait that
Is hanging over the Speaker's atand In
the State Capitol and throw it Into
tap street before the legislature ad?
rhat Do You Do With Your Mar?
You can not mad a man so well
daring his busy hours aa by what he
does after supper, or from the clos?
ing hour of business to bedtime. You
cam not gauge bin character so well
by the money he spends for neces?
saries or the living of his family, as
by that little overplus of money
which Is left afte:* the necessary ex
penses are paid. *Wha' does he do
with his spare money, that margin
t over from business and from liv
expenses? What he does with
that margin will throw a wonderful
Mght upon his character.
The largest part of every active life
aaust be devoted to getting a living,
attending to one's affab... and this Is
done by moat people in a routine aort
way. You can not tell much about
real man during these hours,
tecs use he has a system, his regular
a ally routine, and he does very much
the same thing every day. But the
moment he Is free, he la quite a diff r
cat man. Then his res I propensities
fomi out. People aro not natural
antil they are free from restraint.
Watch the boy and the girl when
they are free from their regular du?
ties and see how they sr. end their eve?
nings, what society they keep, what
companionships they form, what they
do. This will be a pretty good test
of their character.?Success Maga
ItEHTOKED TO THEIR MOTHER.
Columbia. Feb. 11.?Mrs. Tinman's
children arrived from Trenton In
charge of Mrs. B. R. Tlllman, Sr.,
ihis morning. There was a touching
scene when they saw their mother at
Pr. Butler's. Mrs. Tlllman, Sr., was
not present at the meeting.
Every Hit of Reform Counts.
The effect upon the public mind of
reform defeats following reform vic?
tories constitutes a serious hindrance
to the orderly and continuous prog?
ress toward better political condi?
tions, aaya k A. Van Valkenburg In
Success Magaslne." Pendulum-like,
there always Is a back awing to every
reform movement forward. But, un?
like the pendulum, It never swings
backward so far as It has swung for?
ward In this country every period
Of seeming reaction Is in reality mere?
ly the marking of a new starting
point from which progress will make
a greater gain than from any earlier
When any reform movement Is re?
garded In Its entirety, a gain always
can be counted. If the millions of
earnest eltlaens who every year give
their support to good causes with
seemingly scant results could bo
made to understand this demonstra?
ble fact, the forwarding of civic bet?
terments would be encoursged and
SOUTH BOOMING, SAYS MACKAY.
Po*? I Telegraph President Thinks
Country le Suffering from Buga?
New York, Feb. 15.?Clarence H.
Mackay, president of the Postal Tele?
graph and Commercial Cable Com?
panies, neturned yesterday from hie
regular inspection tour through the
South. He expressed himself as
thoroughly satisfied with both con?
ditions and out'ook.
"If the telegraph business is a
barometer," he said, "the South has
lost none of the impetus that began
before and contlnuied in a modified
degree through the panic. The people
down there have become philoso?
phical as well as prosperous, and do
not easily get excited. We began to
nuike plans for extensions, enlarge?
ments, and general expansion of fa?
cilities throughout the South more
than a year ago, and the net outcome
of my visit is that w-e shall go ahead
as demands require in all directions.
Pending decisions by the Supreme
Court may be and not be enacted,
but what of it? Properties Kre not
going to smash. On the contrary, we
h ve only to rid ourselves of silly ap?
prehensions of wanton official assaults
following upon legitimate business to
enjoy the general prosperity which
conditions warrant If we are all
going to wait till capital censes to be
timid, and labor demands less in?
stead of more and statesmen stop
seekmg popularity, we might as well
shut up and go home.
The only attacks we have now Is
an attack of bugaboos. The Courts
have not been suddenly deprived of
knowledge of law, nor the Adminis?
tration of patriotism, nor Congress of
representative ablllity, nor the Am?
erican people of common sense. It
may, and doubtless will, take some
time to adjust legislation to meet the
requirements of changing conditions,
but that Is no reason why business
men should get scared and sit like
bumps on a log till all questions are
finally and definitely settled. If the
heads of big concerns show the white
feather the thousands of business
men engaged in lesser affairs will be
disheartened naturally, and a period
of common apathy will set In without
rhyme or reason. Such a policy is
not only nonsensical but wrong. At
least that is my opinion, and our com?
panies are going to act accordingly.
We are doing more business today
than ever before, and the apparent
requirements for the Immediate fu?
ture are greater than ever before, and
we are not going to be swerved from
our original determination to provide
the additional facilities that we fore?
see are going to be required."
AMERICA A THIRSTY NATION.
Import? of Drinkables Keuch Amaz?
ingly High Figure.
Washington, Feb. 14.?Americans
must be a thirsty nation judging from
the imports of drinkables as set forth
In a statement Just issued by the
bureau of statistics of the depart?
ment of commerce and labor. The
United States drank the essence of
more than a billion pounds of coffee
In 1909. valued at $86,000,000. That
was about a dollar's worth of coffee
for every person In the United States.
Tea Is not such a favorite. Only a little
tnore than a hundred million pounds,
valued at about $16,000,000, came
But the spirits, wines and malt
liquors the nation touched its highest
record for Importation in 1909 and
consumed foreign products of that
kind to the value of more than $26.
000,000, more than twice as much as
was Imported in 1899.
South America supplied most of
the coffee, Asia most of the tea and
Europe most of the wines and
.lijuor? The United States Is the
world's largest coffee drinkers and
Great Brltian is the world's greatest
consumers of tea. Kvery person in
the United States used on the average
of 11 pounds of coffee during 1909,
the use of tea remained about un?
changed from the previous year.
John G. Mobley Vindicated.
Columbia, Feb. 14.?The charges
against John G. Mobley were not
taken very seriously, and the com
mlttee Investigating the same has
vindicated the president of the Fair
Society. The committee's report is:
"Having Investigated the charge*
against Mr. Mobley by Ex-Secretary
Love, we find that the allegations are
Mr. T. Scott DuBose got his dwell?
ing burned last Sunday about I
o'clock from a chimney between the
shingles and the celling. He saved
most of his furniture. It was insured
fOT a small amount. The dwelling on
the same site was burned about 3S
years ago, being the residence of Dr.
Thomas DuBose?Blshopvlllc Vindi?
DtVOtion is like the candle which
Mlehael Angola used to tai<?> in hi*
pasteboard cap, so as not to throw
his shadow upon the work on which
he was engaged.?Phillips Brooks.
BAILEY SPEAKS AT COLUMBIA.
TEXAS SENATOR ADDRESSES THE
Large Audicnc<* Hears Mr. Bailey's
Argument in Fuvor of a Federal In
come Tax, and His Appeal for tho
Adoption of the Constitutional
Amcmdnhcnt Prepared by Him.
Columbia, Feb. 14.?There was a
great audience in the State House to?
night to hear the Hon. Joseph W.
Bailey, of H ocas. The floor and the
galleries were crowded, and everyone
was on the qui vive to hear the dis?
tinguished Texan. By resolution of
the General Assembly Senator Bailey
had been invited to address the Leg?
islature on tbei Income tax, because
he has been a pronounced advocate
of the income tax.
Senator Bailey expressed his pleas?
ure in being here, and his gratifica?
tion at the invitation. He set right in
to discuss the question and starting
with the tariff explained that some- j
thing had to be done to lift the bur?
den of taxation from the poor man,
and tho lnclme tax was the only way J
the burden can be lifted. It is simply
a question of lifting the burden from
the poor, and making those able to
pay to do so. The question is wheth?
er the money needed should be raised
by a protective tariff or by an income
tax. He did not favor taxing all
things aliki". If he could do so he
would tax silk. He would exempt cal?
ico, because those who use calico are
not able to buy better than calico. He
would tax gilk because those who use
silk are better able to pay a tax. He
would make the tax highest in those
articles that indicate ability to spend
HVi addressed his auditors as his
countrymen. He compared the mil?
lionaire vho spends his money abroad
and argued that such a millionaire
did not spend a cent towards the Fed?
eral government. The poor mechanic
who buys a plug of tobacco contrib?
utes more to the government than
many of these millionaires who marry
abroad and pay no taxes to the gov?
? ? > i
He them pounded William Waldorf
Astor, and said Astor's property is in
New York. He left his money here
to work for him, and he spends his
earnings abroad. He would not take
thh property, but he would ma!:c him
pay taxes on his million dollar In?
come for the government. The former
pays the tax on nothing. He did not
attack men because they disagreed
with him. He does not believe in
abusing brother Democrats who dif?
fer with him.
The first objection is that it in?
creases the power of the Federal Gov?
ernment. If that be truo> it would be
serious. The Federal Government
now possesses ampin power to tax in?
comes. The Supreme Court simply
decided that If Congress wanted an
Income tax it must apportion It
among tht several States in accord?
ance with population. The Court has
held that the income tax is valid, tut
it must be upon a basis of population.
The constitutional amendment seeks
to cornet this disproportion. Under
the new amendment every man would
pay tre same upon the same Income
wherever located. He wanted to
know where there Is a South Carolina
Democrat who would not be in favor
of an equal tax rather than making
this State pay fifteen times as much
as New York, for Instance.
Senator BailKy said he was a real
old-time Democrat, who still quoted
Jackson and Calhoun. He still be?
lieved it is bcttTJr to be free than it is
to be rich. It Is not true that such
an amendment would abridge the
rights of Stafca No change but one
is proposed, and that is that the in?
come tax should be levied upon wealth
rather than population. The present
Constitution permits an income tax
based on population rather than Is
proposed It shall be upon the basis of
wfialth. Everything the State can do
or tax now It can do and tax after this
amendment Is adopted. All this am?
endment proposes is to substitute the
rulta of uniformity for the rule of
population. He insisted that under
present conditions there Is now ample
authority to levy an Income tax. He
could readily see how a man can
favor a national Income tax and op?
pose a State Income tax. He believed
the income tax was the fairest tax ever
yet devised. If we can keep up high
priced cotton and bring the cotton
mills down here this section will be
the richest section in the. world.
It is only a question if they do not
grow too fat end quit the Democratic
party and quit work. Mr. Bailey ex?
plained Ids Income tax amendment
Wlhoh exempted all under $5,000 and
under. He exempted all undor $5,000
because the tariff reached others quite
enough. His amendment proposed a 3
per cent, ?ax, and that was cut to 2
per cent. He did not l>?ileve the pros?
perous men would commit perjury to
save a few dollars. If they wanted
to swear a lie he would let the devil
settle with them. He belhv'd the rich
men would willingly pay tho tax. All
argued that taxes should fall on those
best able to pay. The correct thing
to do is to tax what m^n have and
not what men want. Tho poor have
no property to demand and protect.
Senator Bailey went fully Into the
comparative duty on the rich and the
poor, and he said he was really sur?
prised that the rich did not offer to
pay thfs tax. He said he despised the
demagogue, the demagogues never
try to teach their children not to try
to prosper. The only man worse than
the demagogue was the tax dodger.
He believed it and trusted the man
who behaved hlms?lf whether rich
or poor. He paid a hi^h tribute to the
Texans who traced their linkage to
the Palmetto State.
Speaking to Democrats he said if
South Carolina w<~re to reject this
amendment It would be forever killed, I
and the Democratic party would be
held responsible. The Demorcrats
will come to make a tariff and he said
that was because the Democrats fell
out among themselves. The country
Is not Republican, but it Is simply
afraid of Democrats. They know the
Reupbllcans are rascals and think we
are fools. When we come to make
the tariff bill unless you have this
income tax to raise a hundred mil?
lion revenue you cannot make any
substantlonal reduction In the tariff,
and that Is waht the Democratls want
He made an extended argument to
show that the tariff cannot be taken
off without providing some other
nvoans of revenue with which to run
the Government. He favored an in?
The main burden of Mr. Bailey's
address was that if the burden of the
tariff is to be lifted It can only be by
an income tax. There is no hope of
reducing exepnses materially and
the income tax must come. If the
tariff outrage is to be lifted it must
be by the income tax. Mr. Bailey said
whatever else happens to the amend?
ment he hoped South Carolina would
not be first to strike It a blow. Sena?
tor spoke eloquently for an hour and
three-quarters and upon the com?
pletion of the address on motion of
Mr. M. X* Smith the joint Assembly
extended its cordial thanks to Sena?
tor Bailey for his fine address.
Alligator Has Become Chum of A
(From the New York Press.)
Bloomfield, N. J., Feb. 9.?This
community Is excited by the strange
attachment between a horse and a
pet alligator belonging to James B.
Smith of No. 554 Bloomfield avenue.
The alligator will not sleep anywhere
except on the warm and broad back
of the horse, and when It Is removed
the horse is disconsolate and whin?
nies and refuses to eat until the rep?
tile is replaced. Even when the
horse is taken out of the stable for
exercise the alligator remains on Its
back and Hhe horse walks along
gingerly seemingly fearing the alli?
gator will fall off. The Smiths start?
ed out for a drive today and the horse
refused to move until the alligator
had been placed In the carriage In a
place where it could be seen whenever
the horse turned Its head.
The Smiths have had the alligator
several months. It dlsaigeared dur?
ing the cold spell on Sunday night.
Mgent search was made, and no
one could find It.
"I guess It went to the creek at
the back of the garden and burled
Itself In the mud," Smith said.
"If It did it is likely the filthy
water from the Passalc river will kill
It," a neighbor suggested.
Smith went to the stable next mor?
ning to look after the horse. It was
lying down In the stall and refused
to get up. Smith went closer, think?
ing the animal 111. He was astound?
ed to discover the alligator stretch?
ed out on the horse's back and blink?
ing as contentedly as though taking
a sun bath on a mud fiat In the Ever?
glades. When Smith attempted to
remove the reptile It fought him,
which was something entirely new.
He overpowered the alligator, how?
ever, took it Into the kitchen and
put it In a box near the stove. The
horse whinnied so furiously and per?
sistently that finally, to pacify it.
Smith took the reptile out to the
stable again and placed it on the
floor. The horse lay down and In
a few seconds the reptile was stretch?
ed out on its warm back once more
and all were happy except Smith.
Killed With Brick.
Lexington. Feb. 14.?The fourth
homicide to occur in Lexington coun?
ty this year?in less than six weeks?
occurred on the plantation of Albert
R. Taylor, near Cayce, on Saturday
night, when Ed Johnson, a negro boy
18 years of age, was struck In the
head with a brick bat thrown through
an open door by Elmore Koon, an?
other negro. Johnson was rendered
unconscious by the blow and lingered
until yesterday at noon.
Another theory, which we do not
hesitate to advance, is that "Matt"
Henson has gone upon a long journey
to the State of Washington to dis?
cover that Richard A. Ralltnger's
escutcheon Is without a smudge.?
AH that Is human must retrograde
If it do not advance.?Edward Gib?
CHILD LIVED ONLY TWO HOCHS.
The Fattier Made a Millionaire by Its
Some men are just naturally the
sons of fortune. Read this if you
don't believe lt. Chales W. Mel>an.
of Urockvllle. Ontario, has fallen heir
to $3,000.000 as the result of pecu?
liar circumstances attending the b.rth
of his child and its death.
Mrs. McLean died a week ago and
her child survived her only two
hours. Mrs. McLean's esbVe, accord?
ing to the terms of her father's will,
amounted to only $13,200. but if a
child was born it was to inherit one
third of the whole estate.
The estate is now valued at. over
$9,000,000, and the infant therefore
was heir to $3,000,000 during its llf?
time of two hours. The father will
now inherit it.
RAILWAY MAIL CLERKS WANTED
The Government Pays Railway Mail
Clerks $800 to $1.200, and Other
Employe* Up to $2,500 Annually.
Uncle Sam will hold spring exami?
nations throughout the country for
Railway Mall Clerks, Custom House
Clerks, Stenographers, Bookkeepers*
Departmental Clerks and other Gov?
ernment Positions. Thousands of ap?
pointments will be made. Any man
or woman over 18, In City or Coun?
try can get Instruction and free In?
formation by writing at once to the
Bureau of Instruction, IIS N. Hamlin
Building, Rochester, N. Y.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF SUMTER.
Court of Common Pleas.
Willie Bultman, Plaintiff
Paden Anthony and v.r|na Anthony,
COPY SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
To the Defendants Above Named:
You Are Hereby Summoned and
required to answer the Complaint in
this action, of which a -iopy is here?
with served upon you, and to serve
a copy of your Answer to the Com?
plaint on the subscribers at their of?
fice, 120-122 North Main Street, in
the City of Sumter, S. C, within
twenty days after the service hereof,
exclusive of the day of such service,
and if you fail to answer the Com?
plaint within the time aforesaid, the
Plaintiff in this action will apply to
the Court for the relief demanded in
Dated January 21st, A. D. 1910.
LEE & MOISE,
To the Defendants Above Named,
That the Summons and Complaint
in this Action were filed in the Office
of the Clerk of said Court on the
25th day of January, 1910.
LEE & MOISE,
COPY SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
State of South Carolina, County of
Sumter?Court of Common Pleas.
Llllle D. Knight, plaintiff, against
Albert Armstrong Jacobs, Ella
Stokes, Rhett Cantey, Moultrle Can
tey, Matthls Cantey, William Cantey,
Mark Cantey, Windham Cantey, Dol
lie Cantey and an infant commonly
known as "Sis Cantey", defendants.
To the Defendants above named:
You are hereby summoned and re?
quired to answer the Complaint In
this action, of which a copy is here?
with served upon you, and to serve
a copy of your Answer to the said
Complaint on the subscribers at their
office, 120-122 North Main Street, in
the City of Sumter, S. C, within
twenty days after the service hereof,
exclusive of the day of such service;
and if you fall to answer the conj
plalnt within the time aforesaid, the
plaintiff in this action will apply to
the Court for the relief demanded in
Dated December 21st, A. D., 1909.
LEE St MOISE,
To the Defendant, Matthls Can?
tey, Take Notice. That the Summons
and Complaint In this action were
filed in the office of the Clerk of said
Court, on the twenty-fourth day of
December, A. D. 1909.
LEE & MOISE,
Tis Sad, Bat True. Many sorely
afflicted people wait until they net
one foot In the grave before they
take the proper treatment for rheu?
matism. Rheumacide cures rheuma?
tism to stay cured. Rheumacide goes
right to the seat of the disease, and
removes its cause. It is put up in
liquid form, also tablets. Sold in 25
cents and B0 cents bottles by druggie's
generally. Tablets by mail. 25 cents
Bobbitt chemical Co.. Baltimore, Md
Miss Gertruds Bbect, formerly con?
nected with the Salvation Army in
Greenville, died in a hospital in Bal?
TEN WORDS IX HER "YKS."
BstgTSdS Swain's Telegraphic Pro
l>OHal Hrougm Enthusiastic Ans?
A clerk in Belgrade, flfUla. nam?
ed Velidaw Simonoviteh on the
strength of an increase of salary
recently telegraphed to a young
lady in L?osnitsa and asked her to
sha'e his fortunes.
The regulation tax allows ten
wards for the minimum fee, and her
'Yes, gladly, willingly, Joyfully,
d Lightfully, gratefully, lov'ngly, yes,
The South Can Compete With The
World Growing Corn.
We contend that corn, meats, fruitst
legumes and many other crops which
we might mention, can be grown by
the Southern farmer cheaper than any
other people on earth can grow them
for him, and that, therefore, he should
grow these crops for his own use and
Even under present conditions
it has been demonstrated, time and
again, that the Southern farmer can
produce hogs at 3 to 4 cents a pound,
live weight, and make money on
them. If this be so, and it is, then
why should he not rejoice at the fact
that live hogs are selling at 8 cents a
pound, and by growing hogs as a
money crop reap a rich harvest?
We need diversification because it
is necessary, or at least conducive to
increasing soil fertility, and because
we can produce many of these things
cheaper than we can buy them. We
do not need to grow everything we
use, but we do need to grow those
things of which we use large quanti?
ties arid which we can produce cheap
er than other people can produce for
us. Of these crops we stand pat on
corn, meats, and fruits.
We can compete with the world in
the growing of these crops, and as
long as we buy them at from two to
three times the cost at which we can
produc them, we are not using good
farming or business sense.?Raleigh
(X. C.) Progressive Farmer and
The Insurgents are now backing
President Taft's policies. Yes, but
what does that leave Congressman
Tactful Charley Townsend, of Michi?
gan, to back??Detroit Journal.
Simply a Matter of Taste
If you want eye glasses that will be?
come you, as well as prove beneficial,
come to us. You will find our prices
are no higher than elsewhere, yet
we give you better service. Gradu?
ate Optician in charge of our opti?
W. A. Thompson,
Jeweler and Optician.
Phone 333. - - No. 6 S. Main St
H. L. B. WELLS,
ATTORXEY AT LAW.
Money to Loan on any Good Security.
Notary Public With Seal.
Oflice Over suinter Savings Bank.
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