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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 19, 1910, Image 7',
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Willi! HE CALENDAR.
HOI SK MOLDS AFTERNOON SES?
SION ON CALENDAR.
Audubon IUI Is Passed?Discussion of
General Measure* Yesterday Re
?alte In Pessare or Death.
Columbia. Feb. 14.?At the after?
noon session the house sent to third
readln* Mr. Hamer'a bill rrovlding
for a court house at Dillon for Dillon
Mr. McKeown's bill to empower all
cities and town's to require coal. coke,
haw* cotton seed cattle and other ar
feie* to be weighed by a public
weigher came up and Mr. McKeown
explained Its meaning. It was finally
passed with amendments.
Mr. Cothran took up his bill pro?
viding for ths further winding up of
the State dispensary and It was sent
to third reading. The bill gives the
commission the power to hold certain
?aunty dispensary funds for the pres?
ent for the settlement of claims. The
amount Involved s about $65,000.
Ths house also passed Mr. Doar's
bill providing for an Inspector of all
alcoholic liquors shipped Into the
The bill provides that all liquors, If
found to contain Impurities, shall be
?sat to CWnson College for analysis.
If the Uqu >rs ar > declared all right
at Clemson the shipment will be de?
livered. The fine for violation Is not
leas than $100 nor more than $500.
I^e pay of ths agent of the carrier Is
10 per cent, of the amount of fine col?
lected, the same to be approved by
the county board of commissioners.
Mr. Lawton called up the Audubon
Society bllln. The first providing for
the protection of game birds, was
taken up by substltuce and the sub?
stitute was passed with several
Mr. Lawson then called up another
of the Audubon Society bills provid?
ing for a hah and game commission,
It was passed with some amend
SU. His bill providing for a li?
ter hunters by a vote of 44 to
It was Indefinitely postponed and the
Mr. Hughes' bill to secure a replica
of the status of John C. Calhoun now
ta the Statu arjr hall In Washington, to
be placed In the cspttol In this city,
same op. It carried an appropriation
of $0.004 and Mr. Hughes urged the
g^neml assembly to consider the need
for statues to the noted sona of South
Carolina and the tuet that it was an
opportunity to secure an excellent lllre
nees of Calhoun at a reasonable sum.
> Ms paid a high teiuule 10 Calhoun
aad begged the house to take a broad
sstnded view of this bill.
The rote on ths motion to strike
?Wt the enacting words was: Ayes 44;
Ths State senate held a session of
30 mlautes last night but in that half
hour two fights were precipitated that
promised to be senatoilal battlea roy?
al until one was stopped by a point of
order and the other by the arrival of
the hour for the Joint assembly.
The senate convened at 8 o'clock,
aad Senator Hardln forthwith moved
ta table his bill "to authorise the re
goats of the State Hospital for the
Insane to purchase lands and provide
for the paying for the same " and to
take UP In Its stead the Carey-Sawyer
house bill, which Is Identical. This
* was objected to. and the senator from
Chester made a motion to take It up.
This motion carried. Senator Kelley
then made a motion to table the bill
aad a viva voce vote, and a standing
vote were taken, but before the an
aouncement of the vote was made an
aye and nay voto waa demanded. On
the vote to table the bill, the senate
refused to lay It on the table by a
vote of 88 to 0.
Senator Oraydon urged the senate
not to consider the bill at that time
as but a few mlnutea were to be had
and the bill required much discussion.
The senator from Abbeville said that
the chairman of the investigating
committee of the affairs of the asy?
lum was not present, nor was the
chairman of the judiciary committee,
the committee that had recently pro?
posed a resolution asking for the res?
ignation of the very people with whom
the present bill under discussion pro?
poses to entrust such important du
tlee. He said that it would probably
be much better to allow the senate to
psas on the resolution from the Jud1
clary committee first. Senator Gray
don urged that the friends of the bill
reconsider their determination to push
the bill to a third reading at that
time, saying that the practice that
had prevailed In the senate In the
past?that of passing bills to a third
reading and then debating the qucs
tlons Involved?was bad and must
stop ?ome time.
, While Mr. Oraydon was protesting
against the passage of the blU to a
third reading last night. Senator K< l
ley made the pOtBi of order Unit the
printed Mg had not been on the desks
of the sen itors 24 hours, and tb.n
fore ? oiid sot be considered. The
chair raltd the. point of onh r well
taken. BBBOUaclag that \\< had figoai
tslned that the bill had been placed
on the fifths during the mornlni;.
This ended the dis<lajgttog tl the bill,
and It will be resumed this morning.
SMITH DEFENDS TUE FARMER.
Says Latter Must Rais? Prices to
Meet Higher Coat of Manufactured
Washington, Feb. 16--In speaking
of the high cost of living, Senator E.
D. Smith, of South Carolina, made
the following statement:
"In the Impending investigation
by a Republican administration of
the high cost of living, that is, the i
high cost of what we eat, understand;
not what we wear or build houses
with and furnish them with, and
the tools we till the ground with, but
what goe* In to make the full pail
and aupply the tables of the people
of America, a little clear thinking
may save us a lot of expense and do
ua a lot of good.
"The wheat grower, the cotton
grower, the cattle and poultry raisers,
the truck grower, through the
wonderfully perfected means of com?
munication; the free rural delivery,
carrying cheap periodicals and the
dally papers, have at least come to a
realisation of the burden that they
have been bearing and the cruel
discrimination against them that has
been practiced on them by the
Government and by corporate and
entrenched power. They are getting
more today for their products than
ever before, and who shall say that
they are not entitled to It, when the
prloea of all that they have to buy
has advanced so enormously? How
are they to meet the demands of any?
thing like a decent life If they do not
raise the price of what they have to
"It la not that there Is less wheat,
less eggs, poultry butter, truck, but
because there Is more brain and In?
telligence; a clear understadlng of
the frightful discrimination, Inequali?
ties and Injustices practiced upon
him. He Is simply demanding for
what he sells a price sufficient to
Justify him In purchasing what the
manufacturer has to sell.
"It la being charged, and was
charged during the late tariff dis?
cussion, that the middleman?the re?
tail merchant?was the sinner. The
retail merchant today is but a tax
collector, on a small commission, for
the tariff-project trusts and combines
of this country. And If he does buy
comparatively cheap food supplies
from farmer and trucker and puts a,
comparatively large profit on them,
he la but doing what Is openly and
boastfully done by his more fortunate
and Government protected mast; rs.
Thev why should he or the fn nor
"The l?*t and hlgheai evolution of
glorious protection, and Its tariff
legislation In 1109, declared that the
Government of the United States
stands for and pledges Itself to guar?
antee a profit to the manufacturer.
That not only shall the prices of
American manufactured articles be
protected to cover the difference In
the cost of production here and
abroad, which cost Includes the
wage of labor, cost of raw material,
freight to point of manufactory, freight
from countries capable of competi?
tion, but over and above all this a
profit to the manufacturer. This
from the Qorvernment.
"Now when the raiser of wheat,
cotton, meat, eggs, poultry, butter,
fruit, and vegetables raise the price
of these articles to something like a
parity to prices of manufactured
articles, which prices are guaranteed
and encouraged by national legislat?
ion, there Is a hue and a cry by the
same Government that raises the
price of one by its legislation, that
the price of the other is a conspiracy
to oppress and must be put down.
"High wheat, high cotton, high
eggs, butter, poultry, lard, beef pork
and vegetables have come to stay, so
long as the producers of these arti?
cles have to pay tariff prices on man?
"So long as the high cost pertained
to manufactured articles alone, ac?
cording to the apostles of protection it
was an evidence of progress and pros?
perity, but when it Includes, as it
does now, the farm products as well,
doubling the burden on those who
did not see it and feel it in its direct?
ness before, those who are guilty of
raising the prices of food supplies
become conspirators, warranting an
Investigation on the part of that just
and very Republican Government,
which only a few months ago passed
a bill for the protection of entrench?
ed wealth, guaranteeing them pro?
"Let this Government keep quiet or
acquiesce as well to a profit for the
wheat, cotton, live stock, poultry
raisers and truck growers, or stand
convicted by Its own acts as a Gov?
ernment of special Interests."
Once again the unthoughti'ul South
? rn formet btgjtM the folly <>f burn?
ing up trash, grggg, leaves, half?ds
oaylng vegetable mattsr the humus
which is the soli's fi :it?-Ht need. Onoe
again nsturei with her Infinite pa
os, spsnl twslvs months try?
ing to dtvtlop this humus and help
restore th<> soil's fertility. The blind
foils of thwarting iwr efforts, so gan
tral throughout tin- South, Is nothing
Itst- thrui tragic, Progressive. Farm*
ATHLETICS IN THE ARMY.
How It Is Encouraged?Organizing
Trams and Picking Star Men.
"The United States so.ldler is \
tougher and stronger?physically j
tougher?than he was before the |
Spanish war," said Capt. R. E. |
Thomas of Wilmington, Del. "It is j
not the war which is to be thanked
(Off it. Athletic training has done the
work. It is said this country gives
far more attention to the physical
culture of its soldiers than does either
Great Brltlan, France or Germany.
"While they require daily setting
up exercise similar to our own, these
gun calisthenics and other prescribed
forms of muscle stretching are sup?
plemented in this country by athletic
"These are not compulsory. They
do not need to be. They have been
entered Into so heartily that every
post of any size has its organization,
which backs Its track team, Its foot?
ball eleven or its baseball nine. This
Is Just what the war department
wants them to do, as it has organ?
ized a bureau for the encouragement
"Nearly every garrison has Its
committee, consisting of at least one
commissioned officer in addition to
non-commissioned officers and pri?
vates, to arrange programmes for
field days, organize teams and pick
out the star men to represent it in the
various events."?Washington Herald.
A QUEEN'S BEAUTY.
Alexandra Retains Youth by Simple
Queen Alexandra, of England, has
long been the wonder of the world
because of her remarkable appear?
ance of youth.
She has lived nearly 66 years, ex?
periencing much sorrow and suffer?
ing, yet she looks younger than her
youngest daughter and is besides a
radiantly beautiful woman.
It Is not a matter of chance, how?
ever, but the result of careful study
and attention by which a system of
habits has been established that is
now instinctive,, so that the beauti?
ful Viking princess has taken on an
imperishable habit of youth; she will
never grow old.
To begin with, the queen has never
permitted herself the evil luxury of
anger or any show of bad temper.
Nothing will so quickly age a person
as anger, nothing so quickly dissipate
the look of youth as vexation and ir?
ritation, and the queen has never
been known to lose her temper, con?
sequently the wicked wrinkles that
tell the tale of wasted forces are not
written upon the smooth skin.
The queen has always prepared
herself for all court functions with
the most studied care; she Is massag?
ed and bathed In stimulating lotions
and oils, and Is properly nourished
before the event, and immediately af?
ter any function she returns and is
again rubbed and fed.
At all times her majesty Is careful
about her diet, for upon this she
counts to keep her figure and the
beauty and freshness of < her ekln
which even now is like that of a
young girl, with a delicate bloom in
She does not drink tea, coffee or
chocolate or wine, milk being her
only beverage. Cows are kept at the
royal stables connected with all the
royal residences, so that the milk Is
fresh and pure. She avoids condi?
ments In her diet, pepper, vim-gar
strong spices being eschewed by her.
They dry the skin and produce
wrinkles, besides affecting the liver,
and she refuses desserts of a rich,
heavy kind. She eats very little meat
and rarely beef. Chicken, tender
birds, fish and eggs make up the
substantial part of her diet.
The queen Is an ardent advocate of
fresh air and exercise., although she
has never adopted the strenuous
?ports of the English people. She is
fond of riding and driving, skating
and of brisk walks at all times of the
day and In all kinds of weather. She
lives in cool rooms, never having the
temperature above 60, and she be?
lieves in open windows. When at
Sandrlngham, the royal country
place she spends nearly all her time
out of doors with the animals In the
garden and about her dairy.?Vogue.
Atlanta Votes $:t,000,000 Bonds.
At'anta, (la., Feb. 15.?Three mil?
lion dollars municipal bonds were
voted by Atlanta today. The bonds
are to run for 30 years and the issue
will be divided as follows: Sewerage.
$1,350.000; waterworks, $900,000;
schools, $600,000; hospital, $100,000
and oremotorles, $50,000.
Florence Auto Accident,
Florence, Feb. 14. James McCown
suffered painful though not fatal in?
juries yesterday afternoon by being
I struck by an automobile driven by C.
Governor Ansel has pardoned W.
T, Braslll, who killed his brother
Milton Braslll In Richland county
last May, The unwritten law was
the excuse for the pardon,
TRAIN WRECK IN GEORGIA.
Five Killed and Eight others Serious?
ly Hurt in Collision.
Macon, Ga., Feb. 14.?Five persons
were instantly killed, eight seriously
injured and a score slightly Injured
when passenger trains No. 2 and No.
5 on the Georgia Southern & Florida
railroad met head-on this afternoon
at 5 o'clock, 19 miles below Macon,
between Wellston arid Bonaire.
Where the Autos ComO From.
It is expected when conditions are
reviewed a year hence, that 1910 will
have produced 160,000 automobiles,
or 20 per cent, below the estimated
output. To make even this number
will tax the capacity of contributing
factories to the limit. Even if this
estimate be large, the development of
six years is amazing. The figures run
There are 263 makers engaged in
the manufacture of cars. Nearly 100
of these are turning out cars which
are factors in the, motor-car market.
Seventy-five others are producing less
than 75 cars a year each and the re?
mainder are beginners whose produc?
tion may be said to be in the experi?
mental state. Michigan alone is pro?
ducing 102,000 cars, according to the
contemplated plans. Ohio ra^ks next
with 23,000, and Indiana third, with
21,000. In all there are twenty-one
States in which manufacturers are
producing motor cars. The capital In?
volved is upward of $175,000,000.
This figure takes no account what?
ever of the accessory and parts manu?
It Is estimated that the output this
year will represent a total of $225,
000,000. Not only is this product be?
ing sought in America, but an export
market is being gradually developed.
This phase of the business has at?
tracted little attention, however, be?
cause of the demands of the local
market. In 1909 Is it expected that
the export figures will aggregate more
than $6,000,000, the $5,000,000 mark
having been passed both in 1907 and
1908.?From "160,000 Automobiles
This Year," by E. M. West, in the
American Review of Reviews for
Where the Coal Goes.
Who uses most of the coal? First
and foremost of any single industry,
the railroad consume from 90,000,
000 to 100,000,000 tons a year, and
these and steamships probably use
nearly 30 per cent, of the country's
output, which is as much or more
than is used for all domestic and
heating purposes. This leaves ap?
proximately one-half of the total pro?
be accounted for by the industries of
Coal and manufacturing are terms
which are in general practice closely
related, but they are constantly
changing their adjustments, which af?
fect and are in turn affected by trans?
portation. For instance, New York
is the greatest manufacturing State,
yet she possesses no coal mines. On
the other hand, West Virginia is the
third largest coal producer, but she
has comparatively no manufactures.
The time will doubtless come when
West Virginia, with her vast coal re?
sources, will stop shipping away all of
her fuel, largely to New York and
New England, and become a great
manufacturing State. It is only neces?
sary to consult the statistics of manu?
facturing of any region to arrive at a
close approximation of its relative
coal consumption. Some figures pre?
pared from the 1905 anthraci!- coal
output?practically all from Pennsyl?
vania mines?will convey an idea of
where the country's hard coal renders
its final accounting. In that year
New York, New Jersey and Pennsyl?
vania consumed in .ound numbers
41,000,000 tons; New England, 8.
000,000 tons; States west of the Ohio
River, 7,000,000 tons; Southern States,
2,000,000 tons and Canada, 2,000,000
tons. Only 40,000 tons were exported.
?From "Our Coal Supply Today," by
Guy Elliott Mitchell, in the American
Review of Reviews for February.
She Could Not Find it.
Mrs. Hen, having performed her
function of laying an egg, took a con?
stitutional around the yard. Return?
ing to her nest she found it empty
and clucked angrily.
"What's the trouble, ma'am?"
asked the rooster.
"It's mighty funny," she grumbled,
"that I can never And things win re I
lay them!"- Boston Transcript.
Two traveling salesmen, d< taint ?I
in a little village hotel, were Intro?
duced to a crasy little billiard table
and a set of balls which Were of a
uniform dirty gray color.
! "But how do you tell the red from
I the white?" asked one of the guests,
"Oh." replied the landlord, "you
soon get to know th> in by their
shape."? Success Magazine.
NOT FOOD, BUT MEDICINE
All sensible live stock and poultry raisers understand how lraportsrt It Is to
keep their Stock In healthy condition. And lor all the common diseases of rat
tie. Horses, M ules, Sheep, Hogs and Poultry there la nothing that gives such
satisfactory results as
Rusch's Golden Seal Stock and Poultry Medicine
It Is laxative In action and quickly produces a beneficial effect. Veterln. ?
authorities agree in eudorslng this excellent preparation. (Sold under a giu>
tee or money refunded. V._
Hold hy drugglsla and dealers. Price 25c, 50c and $1 a can. Sample on request
GOLDEN CHAIN REMEDY CO., Inc. Evantivllle, Ind.
Busch's Disinfectant and Dip, guaranteed to destroy MITE8 and LICE on
i your poultry, 50c
Splendid All Hound Remedy.
I haveu?cd Busch's Golden Seal Stock and Poultry medicine on my stock
?. uu the most satisfactory results. My wife also uses It on the chickens when
they get droopy. Several times friends of mine
have been to me as if I *ere a veteri?
nary doctor and asked me to see wha t
I could do (or their stock with the
remedy and whenever they come for
me I put the can In my pocket and go
back with them and give some of It to
their animals. The remedy is all right.
Silas U. Huffln
SIBEKT'S DRUG STORE.
TEN VOTES FOR
Publishing Co.'s Conieet,
Jpj( Subject to rules of The Osteen
K after February 28.
? ?? a
THE FIRST NATIONAL, the old reliable:
Once you open an account with this bank, the same is
is seldom closed?for we give you the best facilities to be
had for the handling of your banking business. We want
new business?but never lose sight of the old. Come and
Capital, Surplus and Profits, $184,000.00.
DON'T STAY IN THE RUT.
SIT UP AND LOOK AT THIS PRICE I
Premier Oat Flakes 8c pkg.
Each package contains on
label directions for prepar?
Oat Flake Gruel,
Pancakes or Gems.
'WHERE QUALITY REIGNS"
HORSES, MULES. BUGGIES, WAGONS, HARNESS,
Lime, Cement, Acme Wall Plaster, Shingles, Laths,
Fire Brick, Clay, Stove Flue and Drain Pipe, Etc.
Hay and Grain?A11 *ndu I1,orse' Ccw' Ho*and
?? L nicken reed. :: :: :: :: ??
SEED OATS. WHEAT, RYE AND BARLEY,
A car load or a single article. Come and see us, if
unable to do so, write, or phone No. to.
BEST LIVERY IN SUMTEP.