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XHta NI MTEli WATCHMAN. BMaU
i'?i??olt<!sted Aug. 2. lHh
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Published \\ eil in-<? in .v ii ml Saturday
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? ? ? ? i a
AS ASYLUM COMMISSION.
Adopted Yesterday Afternoon?Was
Presented at Morning Session by
Wat. L. Mauklln?Committee to
C U:m > Fob. It.?The State sen?
ate yesterday adopted the following
substitute by Senator Wm. L. Mauldln
In lieu of the house bill on ths State
Hospital for the Insane proposition:
' Section 1. That immediately upon
the approve 1 of this resolution the
governor shall appoint a commission,
consisting of five members, to be
Known as the State hospital commis?
sion, two of whom shall be the su?
perintendent of the State Hospital
for the Insane and the chairman of
the State board of health; and whose
term of office shull be one year from
the date of appointment, unless soon?
er removed by the governor.
"Sri- 2. Said commission shall im?
mediately organise by the election of
a chairman and secretary from their
"Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the
said commission to secure options on
suitable sites for a new hospital for
the Insane. To have made plans,
specifications, and estimates for said
"See. 4. The said commission shal?
to the ? nerar aassemhly at Its
>n. ths said options or
ll recommendations as
dhjtncnt would assist the
lily generally In deter
end means for building
the said hospital.
"See. I. The compensation of each
member of said commission shall be
16 per day. for each day actually
employed about the business of the
commission, and actual expenses for
the time engaged.
"Sec. ?. That the sum of $10.000,
If ?o much be necessary, be appropri?
ated to defray the expenses of this
commission The said sum to be paid
out of the general State funds on th?
warrant of the chairman of the com
mi<*slon. and the comptroller gen?
The amendment as adopted carried
two amendments, one offered by Sen?
ator Montgomery changing the ap?
propriation from $10,000 to $1.600.
Another senator offered an amend?
ment, that was adopted, making
members of the gneral assembly In?
eligible to appointment as members
of the commission.
MAY HAVK TO BUY BOX KS.
* Lester CarrliT* To Ring \o More
Bells If Ttils Bill Goes Through.
Washington. Feb. 18.?Persons
who live In cities and have no mall
boxes In front of their residencs are
liable not to reclve any mail at home
after June 10, 1911. Certainly they
will not If a provision of the Post
ofltce Appropriation bill becomes a
law. The provision prohibits any
letter csrrler from delivering any
mall st any h<>use unless there is a
suttsble mall box on the outside to
receive it It means that Uncle 8am
Is tired of having his uniformed car?
riers wait for people to take their
time In answering their door bells.
The average mall carrier loset
about 30 seconds In ringing each
door bell and waiting response. This
prys/lnion is ? ?pected to Increase the
efficiency of the service, reduce th?
numbr of carriers required and save
$*f)t,f)0i) a year.
The vast expenditure by th?< pe ?p i
of ths country which will ?>.? required
to meat the provisions of this bill In
the way of providing new mail boxes
- hT'estimated at approximately $20 -
000.000. The average mall box
, costs $1.
The Postofflce Appropriation bill
this year carries $239.812.915. an In
a efease of more than $6.000,000 over
the ettfreht year's appropriation.
A provision la contained In the
bill that the Governmnt shall discon?
tinue the Printline of the names anc
^addresses of business firms on enve?
islted April, 1850.
'Be Just ar
AUTHORIZE ANOTHER ASYLUM.
KI?0.000 MAY BK SPENT 11V COM
legislature Adopts He port of Free
OonfereiM'c Commit tee on Asylum
Matter, the lleport Recommending
the Erection of Another Plant?
Dr. Babcock, Dr. Wilson and Three
Others to Form Coimnlsslon,
Columbia. Feb. 19.?The free con?
ference committee- on the Asylum
situation will report a substitute bill.
The main features of the bills are
along progressive lines and happily
something substantial is to be done
The Senate under Its bill proposed
simply a commission plan, but pro?
vided no money with which to do
anything effective and left the com?
mission to report at the next session
of the General Assembly.
Under the plan agreed upon, and
what will become the law will be that
the commission will be able to spend
a hundred thousand dollars which It
is empowered to borrow. This com?
mission is to consist of Superinten?
dent Babcock. Dr. Robert Wilson, of
Charleston, and three business men
to be appointed by the Governor. It
Is empowered to buy suitable land
and to begin the construction of a
plant upon such nines as may be
agreed upon. It is unhampered as to
where the land shall be selected, but
it will likely be near Columbia, and
it is further provided that the plans
shall be along the lines of relieving
the overcrowded conditions Just as
quickly as possible. The members of
the free conference commettee agree?
ing upon and making this report con?
sist of Messrs. Mauldin, Montgomery
and Hardin, on the par^ of the Sen?
ate, and Messrs. Carey, Sawyer and
Harrison on the part of the House.
The bond issue was not taken up by
the free conference committee, hav?
ing been rejected by both of the
branches, and the impression is that
the plan suggested is entirely fease
I - The hundred thou*r*??l oV>lhrrs is |
made available as soon as the com?
mission wishes to spend the money
either for land or' buildings. The bill
does not Interfere with the general
appropriation bill, In which $50,000
Is provided for improvements to the
present plant of the Hospital for the
Insane in the City of Columbia.
Under the Hospital for the Insane
bill the commission Is to be appoint?
ed for one year. The members are
to be paid $5 a day and expenses.
The commission can borrow from the
sinking fund commission or else?
where at a rate of not over 5 per
The commission may make such
plans and begin on the development
in such way as it sees fit.
The report was adopted in the
House> at 12.4 5. without discussion on
the motion of Mr. Carey.
The report of the conference com?
mittee is unanimous, and a beginning
is to be mad? at once. The bill be?
comes effective on approval.
Fertilizer Bill Passes.
Columbea,, Feb. 19.?The Laney
fertilizer bill has been ordered rat?
ified. The Senate bill was accepted.
The main point of difference was
whether the seller or manufacturer
be held responsible for any defi?
ciency. The "seller" was finally
agreed upon as being responsible and
the bill as passed fixes the liability
on the seller and not the manufac?
Cane Given McLeod.
Columbia. Feb. 19.?Lleutant Gov?
ernor McLeod Was presented with a
gold-headed cane tonight by the
members of the Senate. Th presen?
tation was by Snator McLaurln.
CHARLESTON ELK SUICIDES.
Alex Mclioy of Charleston shoots
Charleston. Feb. 17.?Alex XcLoy,
supei Intendent of the Elks club, com?
mitted suicide this ev ning by shoot?
ing himself in lh< right temple with a
? iillhre pistol it his room at No. 83
i:.' vufaln street. The Inquest was held
tonight and a verdict was rendered
that the deceased came to his death
1'V hU OWfl htinds, while under tem?
porary aherratlon of the mind.
Japanese mothers do not kiss their
? hlldren. though they may press then
Hps to the forehead or cheek of a
\ery young baby,
A gold medal and thanks are
about all Peary may expect. He
needn't kick. Dr. Cook, by the com
mander's own udmlssion, gave tip
the public a gold brick.
id Fear not?Lot all the ends Thou Air
ER. C, WEDNES
THE MERCHANT MARI'lE.
SOUTHERN BUSINESS MEN Si:
CURE PlUDsa ship AMEND?
DClUOtraUc Congressmen Urged to
\\ atcii Inlerests of Gulf Ports?
Louisiana Asks Oilier State? to
Organize Merchant Marine Leagues
?Ainendiiients Said to Mean New
Ship Lines From Southern Ports to
New Orleans, Feb. 20.?The orga?
nization of Merchant Marine Leagues
throughout the Southern States is
now underway. The object in view
is the securing of federal legislation
that will encourage the rehabilitation
of the American merchant marine,
and, also, the securing of such legis?
lative provisions as will give the Gulf
ports their Just and proper share of
the ocean mail lines to be inaugurat?
ed. The immediate issue is the pas?
sage of the amended Humphrey bill,
known as H. R. 16362, which ha?
been reported favorably by The House
committee on merchant marine and
The first of the Southern Leagues
to be formed was that of Louisiana,
which held a convention of Southern
delegates this week in New Orleans.
At this convention it was pointed out
that the United Sta&s merchant ma?
rine, the greatest in the world before
the Civil War, had now under a pro?
tective tariff declined, to but eleven
vessels of the across-sea type, as
contracted with 11,517 merchant ves?
sels reglster3o. r*der thte British flag,
and 2.094 under the German tlag.
Action by f.e federal government
looking to the rehabilitation ol this
country's merchant n arlne. accord?
ing to John Temple Graves and
others present, Is Inevitable In the
near future, and the benefits the
South will derive from such legisla?
tion will depend upon the activity of
Southern representatives In safe?
guarding her interests.
The Humphrey bill has been
amended to -provide for American
registration of foreign built ship*.,
This amendment was made In re?
sponse to the demands of the Louis?
iana Merchant Marine League. It
overcomes the major difficulty, and
Is really a Democratic measure. The
bill also provides for mail carrying
routes of 4,000 miles and over, the
OOet to the federal government not
to exceed the postal revenues received
from ocean mail postage. There It
a provision for the reduction of ton?
nage rax where a ship galling under
the provision of the Humphrey bill
carries a specified number of cadets
in her crew.
Prsident S. A. Trufant, of the
Louisa na Merchant Marine League,
who is a banker of note In New
Orleans, Is now preparing an address
to the chic and commercial organi?
zations of the Southern States in
which he will point out that the
Humphrey bill is a patriotic, not a
partisan measure, that amendments
of huge benefit to the South have
been secured, that the bill will prob?
ably pass In some form, and that it is
of great Importance that Southern
congressmen carefully safeguard the
South's best interests by seeing that
the amendments thus far secured be
"Both the Pacific and the Atlantic
Coast people, are alive to the Impor?
tance of the matter," said Mr. Tru?
fant, "and they are watching this
bill very carefully. We of the Gulf
States hope to profit greatly from the
Panama Canal, because our ports
are nearest to the Canal. But we
cannot profit thereby should the new
shlplng law not give us direct steam?
ship lines to Colon and to other South
American ports. The Government Is
now running a line of transports
from New York to Colon, and beef
from M?nsas and other products
from points nearer Southern ports
than New York, are being carried
overland to New York and then
transported to Colon over a route
1200 miles longer on the round trip
than is the distance from New
Orleans to Colon and return.
"I am assured that the passage of
th I Humphrey bill in the amended
form. Which provides for the registrat?
ion of all foreign built ships, would be
Immediately followed by the Inaugu
t|lon of new ship lines between South
tm States ports and the ports to the
Southward. legislation that Will ac
OOmpllsh this result Is what we want
and What we need, and it Is very Im?
portant that the amendment provid?
ing for the registration ..f foreign
built ships be fought for by Southern
"in the opinion of the Louisiana
Merchant Marine League, there Is
now no great flaw in the Humphrey
bill, and that is why we are callin"
nst at be thy Country's, Thy Cod's
DAY. FEBRUARY 22
ANOTHER COLD WAVE COMING.
bureau Predicts Wintry Days and
Nights During The Current Week
Washington, Feb. 20.?Heavy Over
coats and warm furs will be in de
| mand all over the country during the
present week, according to the fore?
cast made tonight by the weather
bureau. Unusually stormy and cold
weather is the -indication especially
in all districts from the Rockies to
the Atlantic coast and from the
Rockies over the north Pacific
A storm area tomorrow and Tues?
day will cross the central valleys, the
Great Lakes and the Atlantic sea?
board, attended by heavy snow in
the north, rain or snow in the mid?
dle and rain in the southern part of
the country. Clear, cold weather will
follow the storm, overspreading the
Mississippi valley and the upper
lakes Monday, reaching the Atlantic
States Tuesday or Tuesday night with
A second storm, also to be follow?
ed by a cold wave will appear in the
extreme West about Tuesday, cross
the plains and central valley States
Wednesday and Thursday and reach
the Atlantic coast by Friday.
DEEDING OF CHILDREN.
Law is Fnally Passed by House and
Columbia, Feb. 11*.?When the ac?
tion for the possession of the chil?
dren of B. R. Tillman, Jr., came up
several bills were introduced in the
Genaral Assembly to amend the old
statute. Since the bills were intro?
duced the Supreme Court has declar?
ed th aet unconstitutional and the
legisfetlon is perhaps unnecessary.
The House and Senate, however,
thought it best to enact into statute
law the protection to prevent a
parent deeding its child away, with?
out the consent of the mother. The
mctter went to free conference and
mwyis the statute law as it stands:
Sction i. That Section 2,689, Vol?
ume 1, Code of Laws of Souih Caro?
lina, 1902 be amended so as o
read as follows:
"Secteon 2,689. The father of any
child or children under the age of
21 years, and not married, if the
mother be dead or the mother of any
such child or children, the father be?
ing dead, whether such father or
mother be under the age of 21 years,
or of full age, may, by his or her
deed, executed and recorded accord?
ing to law, or by his or her last will
and testament, meide probated ac?
cording to law, dispose of the custody
and tuition of such child or cheldren
for and during such time, as he, she
or they, respectively, remain under
the age of 21 years, to any person or
persons in possession or remainder.
But no such deed shall be valid un?
less signed by both father and moth?
er, if both be living: Provided that
nothing herein shall be construed to
abrogate, lessen or interfere with the
right and duty of a Court of compr
tent jurisdiction at any time, as
heretofore, to transfere and assign
the custody of a child for its best in?
terest. (2) That this Act shall go
into effect immediately upon its ap?
proval. And ail Acts or parts of
Acts Inconsistent with this Act are
hereby repealed." ?
BETTER TRAIN SERVICE.
Coast Line to Give Beiincttsvillc B*>t
Bennettsville, Feb. 19.?The peo?
ple of Bennettsville and the traveling
public generally will be glad to know
that the Atlantic Coast Line has de?
cided to improve its service on the
line from Sumter to Bennettsville.
Heretofore there have been only
two Sunday trains, one coming from
Sumter at 12, and the other going to?
wards it at 3.37 P. M. The regular
daily service will hereafter be install?
ed, and on Sunday, as on other days
of the week, the morning train leav?
ing here at 7 will be run, and the
night train will also come In. The
people of Bennsttsvllls and other
points along the route have long de?
sired this accommodation and it will
be very much appreciated. This
change will hegen Sunday next.
The government can hardly hope
for much success probing the beef
trust In Chicago, as Chicago would
rssent any Interference with her
leading institution, the stork yards.
on the Southern States to aid us in
securing its passage."
The bill in its amended form has
b?en endorsed by a large number of
commercial organizations In the
? in 10 New 8eri
COLUiBH C0MMI8S10H UW.
MR. MdMAHAN EXPLAINS \
How it Proposes to Affect the P a
Government <?f the city- 2
Whole Plan is Given in c i
Pom for the Readers of Th?* *'
By the Author. ?,
_< I 5
The State. Feb. 18. 5
Jno. J. McMahan, authc / ?
city government bill ratified df e
general assembly, has prep *? or
The State the following stat, of
some special features of the a >on
to be voted upon by the city of
"It Is provided by the act that
council shall consist of a mayor and
four councilmen elected at large,
whereas now the council consists ?>f
a mayor and 15 councilmen; the may?
or alone being elected by the city at
large and the three aldermen elected
In each of the five wards.
"It Is thought that the reductio.i in
number will increase the sense of per?
sonal responsibility and will thus
make it easier for the citizens to place
the blame for any public action that
is *.o oe- against the interest of the
ciy. In a large body of 16 (somewhat
like a legislature) It is not &o easy to
know who are responsible for the
measures which fall and POUtetllAO*
the people may not even know all
who are responsible .or the meosuics
'To insure further th* fixing of re?
sponsibility for every act the new law ?
provides that on every vote the yeas
and nays shall be taken and recorded
In the minutes and that every ordi?
nance shall be signed by those, who
voted for it. Further it 's provided
that no ordinance affecting t'm streets
or certain public rights shall be pars?
ed unless it is for one week upon Alt
for the inspection of the puo?c, in the
office of the clerk of the city, in the
exact form in which it is finally pass?
ed. This prevents eleventh hour
amendments which may radically
Chang* the scope of the la^', alco
that ho public utilities comp&ny shall
be granted any franchise by council
but such franchise shall be tuhmltte1!
to the electors.
"Moreover, the provisions for the
refer* ndum make it possible upon
petition of a certain number of citi?
zens to suspend the operation of any
ordinance passed by city council un?
til the same is submitted to the voters
In a specal election, the result of
which shall either repeal the ordi?
nance, or if in favor of it.ratify itasa
law. Moreover there is the right of
initiative of ordinances. Thus an
ordinance may be proposed by citi?
zens petitioning, and it shall become
law unless council orders an election
and submits to the voters at such elec?
tion the question of adoption or re?
jecting such proposed ordinance.
"In addition to this safeguard
against rascality on the part of a city
council and against any acts which
may be contrary to the judgment ar .1
wishes of the citizens, there is an ad?
ditional provision for the recall of
the mayor and councilmen. Thus up?
on petition by citizens for the recall
of any members fo council, a special
election must be ordered at which
the names o/ such members and of
any other candidate or candidates
for his position are put on a ballot
and the result of the election either
continues the councilman in office or
puts in a successor to supplant him.
"The new act further provides for
a civil service commission of fnree to
be appointed by city council wtio shall
hold practical examinations testing
the fitness of applicants for service in
the different lines of city employment
and council shall not be able to elect
to such position any person who has
not been first certified and approved
by the civil service commissioners. It
is provided that the police depart?
ment shall be always subject to the
civil service regulations and that
council may put any other class of
city employes under the civil service
"A city employe can not be re?
moved by council except for cause to
be approved by two out of the three
civil .service commlsioners. Thus ih'>
new form of K"V' rnment contem?
plates retention of the greal body of
city employes during a period (>f anV
ciency and good behavior, which will
remove from them the constant fear
of being dropped to make room for
political Obligation to any ward boss
and will tend to hold before them at
ail times the sole consideration of
efficient sen ice,
"The mayor is to be paid a salary
of $2,500 and each councilman $2,
000 and they shall give to the duties
of their office all the time that may
bo needed f >r the most efficient con
duet of public affairs. Thus, while it
is not required that a member of
? SOUTHRON, Established June, IMS
les?Vol. XXX. No. 52.
PACKING MM IN01GTED.
CUtiED OF CONSPIRACY IN THE
RESTRAINT OF TRADE.
riiK)ur. Swift and Other Notables,
Directors of National Company,
Likewise Will he Prosecuted.
New York, Feb. 18.?Prosecutor
Garven said tonight that, acting un?
der his recommendation, the Hudson
grand jury of New Jersey had in?
structed him to draw up the form of
an indictment against the National
Packing Company and its directors.
The grand jury, he said, had positive
evidence that food products have in
1 some instances been kept in cold stor
? age for several years.
It was stated here tonight with
much positiveness that the National
Packing Company had already been
indicted. Prosecutor Garven's state?
ment, though, technically a denial,
forecasts such action in the near fu?
ture, and it is understood that the
indictment when finally made will
probably be for conspiracy in restraint
of trade, as the court instructed the
jury It might find in his charge.
The testimony of chemists and
biologists has already been heard by
the grand jury and evidence has been
laid beforee the State board of health
on the one hand, while consultations
have been held with Dr. Harvey W.
Wiley, chief chemist of the United
States government, on other. Prose?
cutor Garven held a conference today
In this city with District Attorney
In the directorate of the National
Packing Company apper.r the names
of many recognized heads of great
Apparently, said Mr. Garven, these
companies were working independent?
ly, but he believed he had evidence
to show that the directors of the Na?
tional Packing Company had taken
formal action to hold surplus in stor?
age until the market .price should
meet their own figures.
The directors are J. Ogden Armour,
Edwin Morris, E F. Swift. E. . M. \
Morris, Arthur Meeker, Edward Til
den, T. J. Conners L. A. Carton, T. E.
Wilson, C. H. Swift, L. H. Heyman,
Samuel La M. Roberts, F. A. Fowler,
A. W. Armour, L. F. Swift and Ken?
neth K. McLarin.
It is understood that none will be
named specificially, with the excep?
tion of Mr. McLarin, who is a resident
of New York, as required by law and
has no known active share in the
management of the company.
DUEL FOUGHT CN STREET.
Georgetown Man Fatally Wounds His
Georgetown, Ga.. Feb. IT.?In a
pistol duel on the streets of this place
today, G. O. Kelgler shot and fatally
wounded his brother-in-law, Walter
Vining. Both men are well connected
and the shooting created a sensation.
It is stated that the men had been on
bad terms for a long time and that
they met this morning in Gay's store
and quarrelled. It is said that Keigler
accosted Vining and struck him with
a walking cane, whereupon Vining
drew his pistol and began firing at
close range. His bullets went wild
a rid Kelgler drew his pistol and be?
gan shooting. One bullet took effect
ii Vining's neck. Keigler surrendered
to the proper authorities and is held
pending the termination of Vining's
council shall have no other employ?
ment or business interests, it is re?
quired that he shall set no limit to his
labors for the city so far as they may
"It further provides that no mem?
ber of council and no officer of the
city shall have any interests in any
public service corporation doing busi
D ^ss in the city or with the city or in
any contract In connection with any
city work whatsoever. Heavy penal?
ties are provided for the violation of
; this and of any other violation of this
"Th.- elections provided for in the
acts are to be conducted under strict
^regulations thereby preventing fraud
and irregularities and the primary
elections for the choice of candidate^
for mayor and councilmen are cover?
ed by the provisions governing the
general elections; thus the right to
vote in the primary is to In covered by
th? same rule that fixes the right to
rota In the regular city election. No
one can vote who is not a registered
elector of the State and also a regis?
ter- d elector of the city. In this con?
nection it may be observed that the>
state constitution reoutrea that no
one shall be registered to vote In the
State or city election! t Tiless he- has
paid his taxes, if there are any taxes
UMeoeed against him."