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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 23, 1910, Image 4',
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Cjjt (fiRakjmum anb ftratjfroit
WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 23, 1910.
The Sumter Watchman was found?
ed la llftO and the True Southron In
1%%%. The Watchmen and Southron
Sow has the combined circulation and
Influence of both of the old papers,
and Is manifestly the best advertising
?eedtum In Sumter.
There Is one ordinance on the city
statute book that Is a farce and the
manner of Its enforcement?or rather
its non-enforcement?would make a
c ,t laugh. The ordinance referred to
tg that forbidding the erection or re?
pair of frame or other wooden struc?
tures within the Are limits. Tester
day the police summoned a man be?
fore the Recorder for making trifling,
but necessary repairs on an Isolated
frame structure, w>hlch he was occu?
pying as a work-shop. He admitted
his guilt, as charged, but said he did
not know that there was any law
against stopping a leak in a roof or
rehangtng a door that had fall? n off
Its hinges. He was not sent to the
ehalngang for his heinous crime, but
was warned to make no more repairs
under penalty of the law, for such
made and provided, even though
"oi does leak and the doors fall
This ta one way the law works;
another Is t<? be observed on South
?lain street. In the heart of the busi?
ness district, where an old frame store
Is undergoing extensive repairs, a new
snd modern glass front Is being put
In and the old building being fixed to
do service and hold insurance rate*
at a high level for another generation.
The police cannot t.ummon the owner
of the building for violating the ordi?
nance for the very good reason that
a special permit was granted for this
work to be done. There have been
quits a nilmbe- of other quite as flag?
rant violations of the ordinance by
special permission, while other cit<
sens who had not the foresight to
ask and obtain a dispensation have
been summoned to the bar of Justice
for stopping a leak or hanging a new
door. In other cases those who asked
for a special dispensation to violate
It c aSSI with impunity did not get
what they asked for. The ordinance
ts a farce and should either be en?
forced Impartially or repealed. A
ha'f way dead-letter law Is a great
deal worse than no law at all.
Advertising A Town.
When there are enough enterpris?
ing people In a city to raise money
to float a large scheme of advertis?
ing, mark it, that town Is going to
eucc ?d. The town that has a set of
business men who parsimoniously
clasp their money to themselves and
resist all appeala In behalf of the
town, mark it, thut town is going to
drag along, unknown and live to its
mean self slone.
Two notable examples of city ad?
vertising which came under the ob?
servation if the , writer during the
month, are afforded by two South?
ern cities. Knoxvllle and Nashville.
Knoxvllle raised a sum of $10,
?OS which is used In full page ad?
vertising in leading cities of the
country. Last year this advertise?
ment was carried exclusively in
south, -n papers but this year it
went Into large dailies of the North
aa well as the South. The ad?
vertisements were well gotten up
and presented In a very neat and
attractive form. The whole message
of display and information was both
up-to-date and impressive.
From this campaign of advertis?
ing came many inquiries of pros?
pective Investors, from all parts of
the country. A good name for
Knoxvllle was given everywhere
and there has been lodged in the
minds of Investors and the public in
general such fav Table opinion of
Knoxvllle. that the results promise
to be oncoming for a long time
hence. Without this advertising
these same minds would never have
known of Kmncvllle except in geog
The 'o who put up practically the
whole of tho money for this adver?
tising (ampalgn were the progres?
sive jo' hers. Their organization
Inaugurated and carried out the
whole n hetne. Where Is the di?
rect benefit to the Jobbing business
of Knoxvllle from spending this
fio.oir? do you ask? There Is no
other dir? < t benefit than moy com?
Of showing that Knoxvllle Is | pro
pgregs!ve public spirited place, the
kind where a merchant would look
for salve business methods
and Hi ms which are not content to
take second pig ???.
The Nashvllb ,i lv. rtlslng cam?
paign consisted In a "booster trip,"
s ipssta] train bearing leading whole
Sab? merehunt*. which stopped at
railroad stations where local merch?
ant* sjm ltd arid |Sj|d of the
Nashville m.irket. A bra-;* hand,
train bann? r -i, an 1 I? ? - h MtfMttd
The boost* r trip was mad<? Into
?a*t Tennessee as far as Knoxvllle.
Knoxvllle Jobbers gave their visit?
ing competitors a cordial PSgSfjttOV
an?! sent them on their way rSjote*
Ing. Through east Tennessee and
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by I:, \\. Dabbs. President I'lirmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double its service by
semi-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to be inaugurated is this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requested to conduct. It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and members of the Union are requested to use these columns.
Also to publish such clip dngs from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thin* will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal nrticles by any of o r readers telling of their successes or failures
will he appreciated and | tebllshed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle. S. C.
T1IK SOY BKAX.
"If I were called upon to name
Just one plant as the most valuable
to man and his domestic animals for
a summer crop In the Southern
States," declares Colonel J. C. Strib?
llng, of Pendleton, "I would name
the legume, known at present as the
Col. Stribllng says that In 1855 his
father planted a package of this
bean, said to come from Asia, under
the name of "Papan," or "Chinese
velvet pea." Since that time, Mr.
Stribllng states that he has known
this bean to be mentioned under at
least seven different names, always as
something new, but the supposedly
i.*w bean proved to be nothing more
than the famous soy bean of today.
This statement of Colonel Strib?
llng brings to mind the recent report
of a representative of the British gov?
ernment in Machurla, In which it
was claimed that this same soy bean,
which Is now being largely produced
on Maie.hurlan soil, bids fair to rival
American cotton seed in the variety
of Its products. The Britisher in
making'a detailed report to his gov?
ernment declared that a most ex?
cellent oil was being secured from
the seed, Manchurlan chemists claim- j
Ing it to be the equal of any vege- |
tabtc oil produced. Meal and fl-jur
of good edible quality for man enl
bisst are also reported by the En?
glishman as products from the troy
or soya bean, the latter nam ? being
th) most familiar designation In the
If the published reports of this
Britisher's investigations are true,
and we all know Colonel Stribllng s
opinions to be based on his own ex?
perience, then the soy bean haa more
wonderful possibilities than even the
Pendelton farmer supposes. The ex?
periment Is at least worth a trial In
this section, and we hope some enter?
prising farmer will try soy bean
crop this coming season and that
some of our oil mills will experiment
In extracting the oil from the product.
The leaf and shape of the soy bean
in all Its varieties resemble the cot?
ton stalk, and the bean pods are
shaped like the garden pea, and ?Hr9
covered with a soft velvet growth.
The best variety grows from four to
five feet In height. The bean will be
found very productive on most all
of the soils in this State.
In an open letter concerning the
Soy bean, Colonel Stribllng says:
It supplies the most com?
plete ration of hay and grain for
work stock. When ground, the beans
are a better feed than cotton seed
meal, and soaked in water for a time
?one or two days, owing to the
weather-?-the beans more than double
in bulk, and at such a stage make the
best food for stock and poultry, and
rival the Navy bean for table use.
The planting season ranges from
April to the last of July. The large
varieties may be planted up to the
last Of June and the dwarf varieties
may be planted any time from early
spiinir until late In July.
For enrlehlng the soil and at the
same time harvesting a profitable
crop, there Is no equal of the Soy
?MS. My Obligation is that the lit?
tle nitrogen balls on the roots of the
ft y bum are more abundant than
any oilier plant that I know (,f.
The upright gn>wtb. or cotton
stalk shape Of 111 *? plants, make It
pOMlbll to drill and cultivate entirely
i > bors?- poweri bad barvtitod by
machinery whi n sown broadcast or
With prop?r preparation of the
into northern Alabama the Nash?
ville merchants went and then turn?
N'eedless to say this speclaltrnln
visitation, the speech making and
all Impressed | very one who saw and
heard that Nashville was a real live
town, and that there were some
progressiv? up-to-date merchant!
doing business there with whom
they b id formed a pleating acqualn?
tance. <>f course it win pay. it
bai paid Nashville in the past and
that \a why Nashvilllans are 10 cn
thusi.is'ic over their booster trips.
0911, I have never known the Soy
b?an to fail producing a fair crop,
wet or dry. I believe it will stand
a drouth better than Alfalfa, or any
other farm crop.
( nit Iva ting and Harvesting.
"Sojf beans should be planted
much deeper under ground than the
cow pea. The Soy has a very hard
grain, which requires more moisture
and a longer period to germinate
than the common cow pea, I but will
withstand a drouht and rough usage
in cultivation better than cow peas.
"The large varieties should be
planted about the width of cotton
rows, only thicker in the drill, and
the dwarf In rows eighteen to twenty
four inches in the rows, late planting
"Liast season we planted some
dwarf seed In April that grew three
feet tall and some of the same seed,
planted last gf July on good ground,
grew only eight 10 twelve Inches tall,
yielding a weight of grain equal to
that of all the stalk and leaves.
"For feeding green, or for hay, cut
when pods are about grown. For
seed, cut when first pod* begn to
pop open, and stack around poles
like old time fodder stacks, or tall
stalks may be shocked and U?d with
binder twine like corn stalks. Tf hogs
cannot be turned on the land to
gather the fallen gralo tho crop
must be mown at once, when first
pods begin to pop open. ? .
Why Our Crops Cost Us Too Much.
One man may under very similar
conditions, the same season ami In
the same section, produce a crop for
one-half or even one-fourth what W
costs another. In other wtrds, in
crop production, the single fac;.?r of
management?the man?very fre?
quently so reduces the cost as to
yield a liberal profit to ot^ ian while
others suffer a loss.
The cost of producing most of our
crops Is too high, but 'the problem of
reducing the cost of their production
does not receive the attention it
merits. As a general rule it does not
cost too much to produce our crops
because we live extravagantly, nor
because we pay too high prices for
labor. It is not bcause we have too
much money invested in equipment
nor because of extravagance In th
quality or amount of the tillage giv?
en the crops; but because we have
neglected to give due conisderation
to the two most important factors in
determining the cost of crop produc?
tion, the effectiveness if the human
worker and the fertility of the soil.
The Southern farmer is generally
economical; but his economies are In
small things, while be Is extravagant
of. human labor and neglectful of
crop growing, the productive capac?
ity of the land.?Raleigh (X. C.)
Progressive Former and Gazette.
Experiments in wireless telephony
are now at a standstill, according to
? wr'ter In the Electrical World, and
j the wonderful things which were ex
I pected are not likely to be realized In
the near future. Occasionally arti?
culate speech Is transmitted a Ions
distance by Hertz waves, and the In?
ventors are greatly encouraged. This
success may he followed by a com?
plete failure, when conditions are ap?
parently the sanie, and then science
is baffli d. Frequi ntly there Is ?er?
ions Interference from wlrelsi sta?
tions. Morover, the nature ami I x
p< is(> of the apparatus?the Herts
wave generator and the upright wire
are such that wireless telephony
can hardly come Into general use,
even It the present difficulties ol
transmission are overcome, This far
wireless telephony is a faaclnatlng
toy for scientific men, but the day
Be ms far distant when it win b<
pi iced on a commercial basis and
made a feature of avcry-day life, as
has been done with wireless tele?
it would not he altogether strange
If Mr. Wade BUIl inwardly conclud?
ed, alter looking over the situation
in Ohio, that he would rather be
busting trusts at B lower salary.?
Ni w Voi U World.
BEAUTY AS A PRINCIPLE.
Mak<is Life Happier Ami More Ele?
vating For All Generations,
The time has come whin, if much
Of what has been gained by the j
reservation of our great natural j
monuments is not to be lost, the pub?
lic must make known its wishes to
Congress. The scheme for the dis?
memberment of the Yosemite Nat?
ional Park, which a year ago was
temporarily checked, is to be pushed
during the present session. In this
contest the recent visit of President
Taft to the Yosemite and that
of the Secretary of the In?
terior to the Hetch-Hetchy will
strengthen the defenders of the latter
valley, for no one can view the pheno"
menal beauty of these Sierra gorges
without feeling a solemn responsibili?
ty for '.ts preservation. Even the
San Francisco promoters of the de?
structive scheme threw up their hands
in admiration as they caught sight
of the Hetch-Hetchy and confessed
that "something was to be said for
the esthetes, after all." And yet they
profess to believe that water is "run?
ning to waste" if it be simply looked
at! And this is said of the streams
I which, after they have been looked
at, may be utilized for the irrigation
of the great San Joaquin lowlands.
Movements to safeguard Niagara
and the Hudson are also impending,
and in this connection we respect?
fully commend to Senators and Rep?
resentatives, as well as to the mem?
bers of the New York Legislature,
these judicious words of Governor
Hughes, spoken at the dedication of
the Palisades Inter-State Park.
I "Of what avail would be the mater?
ial benefits of gainful occupation,
what would be the promise of pros?
perous communities, with wealth of
products and freedom of exchange,
were it not for the opportunities to
cultivate the love for the beautiful?
The presevation of the scenery of the
Hudson is the highest duty with re?
spect to this river imposed upon those
who are the trustees of its manifold
benefits. It is fortunate that means
have already been taken to protect
this escarpment, which is one of its
finest features. The two States have
joined in measures for this purpose.
I hope this is only the beginning of
efforts which may jointly be made by
these two Commonwealths to safe
I guard the highlands and waters, in
I which they are both deeply interest?
ed. The entire watershed which lies to
the north should be conserved, and a
I policy should be instituted for such
j joint control as would secure ade
I quate protection."
But it Is not merely the colossal
I beauty of the Sierra, Niagara and
I the Hudson that should be preserved
I and enhanced, but the beauty of city,
j town and hamlet. What is needed is
J the inculcation, by every agency, of
I beauty as a principle, and that life
J may be made happier and more ele
I vating for all the generations who
shall follow us, and who will love
their country more devotedly the
more lovable it is made.?The Cen?
How Franklin Learned to Write Good
(From Benjamin Franklin's Autobio?
After some time an ingenious
tradesman, Mr. Matthew Adams, who
had a pretty collection of books, and
who frequented our printing house,
took notice of me, invited me to his
library and very kindly lent me such
books as I chose to read. I now took
a fancy to poetry, and made some
little pieces. My brother, thinking it
might turn to account, encouraged
me and put me on composing occa?
One was called "The Lighthouse
Tragedy," and contained an account
Of the drowning of Captain Worthi
lake, with his two daughters; the
other was a sailor's song, on the tam?
ing of Teach (or Blackbeard), the pi?
rate. They wer? wretched stuff, in
the Grub street ballad style. and
when they were printed he sent me
about the town to sell them. The
first sold wonderfully, the event be?
ing recent , having made a great
This llattered my vanity; but my
father discouraged me by ridiculing
my performances, and telling me
verse makers were generally beggars.
So l escaped being a poet, most prob?
ably a very bad one; bul as prose
writing has been of great use t< ne
in the course of my lite, and was a
principal means of my advancement,
I shall tell yon bow, in such a sit?
uation, i acquired what little ability
1 have In thai way.
About thla time i mel with an old
volume of the Spectator, it was the
third. l had never before seen any
of them, i bought it. read 11 over
and over, ;niii was much delighted
with it. i thought the writing excel*
lent, and wished, If possible, to 1ml
Will) this view I took some of the
pap< is. and, making shor t hints of
the sentiment In each sentence, laid
them by a few days, mid then, with?
out looking at the book, trl< d to com?
plete the papers again, by expressing
I each hinted Sentiment :it length, and
N WASHINGTON, D. C, \
COT.. WILLIAM CAMP.P
I find Pe-ru-na
very valuable for
rebuilding* of a
worn and tire-.
CHIVALROUS, high-minded, impulsive, generous, courteous, courageous,
loyal, a believer in good fellowship, a lover of home, magnanimous to ene?
mies, true to friends, is a reputation that any man may well envy.
No man better exemplifies this description than Col. William Camp, whose
testimonial is given below. His unique figure and charming personality is well
known in the streets of the capital city of the United States. His word is as good
as his bond. His frankness and truthfulness uo one has ever questioned that
Read wht.t ho says concerning Peruna.
t*i write to say that I have used Peruna and find it a very\
valuable remedy for coughs or cotds and rebuilding of a worn
and tired system, dissipating and eradicating that old tired feel'
ing."?Col. William Camp, 1740 L St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
MR. OHAS. BROWN, Rogersville,
Tcnn., writes: **J feel it my duty
to write you a few words in praiso of
your Peruna. I have tried many differ?
ent remedies, but have found that Pe
na is the greatest tc nie on earth, and a
perfect system builder.
"A friend advUed me to take Peruna
for indigestion, and it cured me in a
short time. I was very weak and ner?
vous, could sleep but little at Bight, but
Peruna cured that tired, all-pone feel?
ing, and made me feel like a new man,
so I heartily recommend it to all who
are weak and run down. It will giva
new life and energy.
"I cannot speak too highly of Peruna,
and will not forget to recommend i\J*
Peruna t is manufactured by the
Peruna Drug Mfg. Co., Columbus, Ohio*
as fully as it had teen expressed be
for, in any suitable words that should
come to hand. Then I compared my
Spectator with the orglnal, discover?
ed some of my faults, and corrected
But I found I wanted a stock of
words, or a readiness In recolllectlng
and using them, which J thought I
should have acquired before that
time if I had gone on making verses;
since the continual occasion for
words of the same import, but of
different length, to suit the measure,
or of different sound for the rhyme,
would have laid me under a constant
necessity of searching for variety,
and also have tended to fix that va?
riety, in my mind, and make me
master of it. Therefore I took some
of the tales and turned them Into
verse, and, after a time, when I had
pretty well forgotten the prose, turn?
ed thm back again.
I also some times jumbled my col?
lections <jf hints into confusion, and
after some weeks endeavored to re?
duce them into the best order, be?
fore I began to form the full sen?
tences and complete the paper. This
was to teach me method In the ar?
rangement of thoughts.
By comparing my work afterwards
with the original, I discovered many
faults and amended them; but I
sometimes had the pleasure of fancy?
ing that, In certain particulars of
small import, I had been lucky
enough to improve the method or
the language; and this encouraged
me to think I might possibly in time
come to be a tolerable English writer.
Not In It.
An old darkle named Moses White,
in one of the Southern States, walked
down to the main street one morning
in his best blackclotb suit, with a
waite rose in his buttonhole and cot?
ton gloves on his large hands:
"Why Mose," said the proprietor
o( a large store that he was passing,
"are yon taking a holiday?"
"Dish yere," said the old man, In a
stately voice, "am mah golden wed
dln," sah. Ah'in sally br?tln' hit."
'?But your wife." mid the store?
keeper, "is working as usual. I saw
h< r at the tub as l pawed this morn
i: g, why isn't she celebrating too?
"Her?" said Mose. angrily. "She
hain't uot nuflin' to do with%bit. She
am mah fo'th."?-Harper's Monthly.
a new department of experimental
breeding has just been established by
tlte regents of the Unlvrslty of Wis?
consin In the College of Agriculture
and Hr. Leon J. Cole, of Yale Unl
v< rstty, has be< n appointed to tak<
charge of the new work.
Greenville officers found that tu
store of it. P. Peterson, a neuro m r
chant of Williamston. was stocke?
with goods stolen from ESdwarda *
company's store at Fountain Inn.
The terrible plague known as the
"Black Death" began in China about
the year 1333, and from China it
went by way of the great caravan
route to the north of the Caspian,
through Central Asia to Taurm,and on
to Constantinople, reaching Wfeurope
by 1348. It raged for more Aan 26
years, with a mortality that VfB never
be accurately known, add to this day
the resuls of its ravages are visible.
The disease was bubonic in charactr,
and oftentimes was fatal within 24
hours after its attack. It was attend?
ed by a burning hirst tha nothing
could allay, and many of its charac?
teristics were too horrible to mention.
It is estimated that at least 25.000,000
of human beings perished from this
In Italy capital punishment doesn't
exist, and it has been abolished in the
States of Maine, Michigan, Wisconsin,
Rhode Island and Kansas^ Colorado
and Iowa have both restored it after
brief periods of abolition. As to the
methods of carrying out death sen?
tences: The guillotine is employed
publicly In France, Belgium, Denmark,
Hanover and two cantons of Switzer?
land. The gallows is used publicly in
Austria, Portugal and Russia, and pri?
vately in Great Britain and the Uni?
ted States, except in New York and
New Jersey, where the electric chair
has been substituted. Death by the
sword obtains in fifteen cantons in
Switzerland, in China and Russia,
publicly; while in China strangulation
by the cord is used, and in Spain tht
garrotts, both public, and Brunswick,
death by the ax.
Unfortunately, John L. Sullivan is
ahroad, and can't return in time to
welcome Cu.onel Roosevelt home.
Hurry! Hurry! Hurry!
To the cute Studio. Just think of
it. '1 i"> photos for 2 5 cents in 5 sit?
tings. Postal cards 6 for 50 cents.
Come now while you have the op?
portunity. Here for a short time
only. We did not come to stay.
Come and Bee our $3. per dozen pic?
tures finished 0n high grade material.
Cabinets in this grade work would
e ?st you $8 per dozen.
Harrell's Cute Studio, over Mrs.
Atkinson's Millinery store. Sumter.
The growth of the Otly is calling
for extensions ??t the water mains
City water has ei wed to he a luxuiy
but Is a necessity.
For Infants and Children.
The Kind You Haw Always bought