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DEFENDS DR. BIBCOCK.
STRONG LETTER FROM FORMER
GOVERNOR HEY WARD.
Got. Herward, Writing from Charles?
ton, Saye Or. Babcock la Moat
Useful Man in State.
The Charleston Newa and Courier
publishes the following letter from
former Governor D. C. Hey ward:
To the Editor of The News and
Courier: I was greatly surprised and
grieved to see In your paper this
morning that the senate Judiciary
committee had recommended to the
aenate that the resignation of Dr.
Babcock and board of regents be
requested by that body. On account
of warm personal friendship for Dr.
Babe ?k. and a knowlege gained
through four years of close official
relationship with him aa superinten?
dent of the asylum, I ask your per?
mission to say a few words In his
In my first message to the general
aeeetnbly In 1904. In dealing with the
state hospital for the Insane I con?
cluded my remarks with this state?
ment: "They (the Inmates) are for?
tunate at least. In being under the
faithful and gentle ministration of
a capable and thoughtful seperlnten
dent of this institution, to whom our
state owee a debt of gratitude." Were
1 to rewrite thla message now, after
seven years. I would make my words
? I believe* that Dr. Babcock la be?
ing unintentionally held responsible
for conditions at the hospital which
he was powerless to prevent, and
to the alleviation of which he has
devoted the best years of his useful
life. He haa literally sacrificed his
life for the unfortunate of his state.
During the first year of my ad?
ministration, when Dr. Babcock, phy?
sically and mentally worn out and
discouraged by the tremendous bur?
dens which rested upon him. tender?
ed to me his resignation as superinten?
dent of the asylum. I appealed to him
to withdraw It on the ground that I
knew no man who could take his
place, and that to remain was his
duty to the state. He withdrew his
resignation despite th- fact that cer?
tain influential oitisens of Columbia
were urging him to enter upon * the
practice of medicine In the city, sev?
eral of these friends offering to guar?
antee him an income more than
three time* as large as he was re?
ceiving as superintendent of the asy?
It la not my purpose to discuss or
criticise either the reports of the In?
vestigating committee, nor any action
which haa been taken by the general
assembly. The only point which I
wish to make ia that If any man or
set of men Is to be held responsible
for the conditions of affairs which ex?
ist, and have existed for some years
at the stute hospital for the Insane,
that less of that censure should at?
tach to Dr. Babcock than to anyone
In the state, for the reason that he Is
probably the only one In the State
who thoroughly realized what It
meant to conduct a terribly over?
crowded asylum on the small amount
per capita allowed for the support of
the South Carolina asylum, and be?
cause he remained at his post of
duty for years with all his heart
and soul and sympathy in his work.
I have not before me at thla hur?
ried writing, any of the reports made
by the board of regents to 'the gen?
eral assembly between and Including
the years 1904-1907. but I have copies
of my messages for those years, and
all reports of conditions and recom?
mendations made therein by me In
reference to the asylum were made
at the request of and after long and
TAX RETURNS FOR 1910.
COUNTY AUDITOR SUMTER CO.,
SUMTER. S. C. Dec. 8. 1909.
Notice Is hereby given that I will
attend. In person or by deputy, at
the following places on the days In?
dicated, respectively, for |he purpose
of receiving returns of real estate,
personal property, and poll taxes for
the fiscal year commencing January
1st. II? 10.
Tlndalls. Tuesday, Jan. 4th.
Privateer. (Jenkins' store.) Wed?
nesday. Jan. 5th.
Manchester. Levl's. Thursday. Jnn.
Wedgefleld. Friday. Jan. 7th.
riaremont Depot, Monday, Jan.
Hagood. Tuesday, Jan. 11th.
Remberts, Wednesday, Jan. 12th.
Dalsell. Thursday, Jan 13th.
W. T. Brogdon'a Store, Friday,
Mayesvllle. Tuesday. Jan. 18th.
Shlloh. Wednesday, Jan. 19th.
Norwood's X Roads, Thursday,
Oswego. Friday, Jan. 21st.
All persons whose duty It Is to
make returns should be prompt to
meet me at these appointments. All
returna must be made before Feb.
J. D1GGS WILDER.
Auditor for Sumter ?>.
frequent conferences with Dr. Bab
cock upon the subject. It is not on?
ly Interesting, but also only Just to
Dr. Baboock In view of the report of
the majority of the Investigating
committee, and certain statements
which have recently been made upon
the floor of the house of reprsenta
tlves that I should refer here to cer?
tain recommendations which I made
then, my enly excuse for doing so be?
ing, as I have stated, that Dr. Bab
cock urged them upon me and point?
ed out their necessity.
In my first message, January, 1904,
I called attention to the fact that
during the past twenty-five years the
populalon of the hospital had nearly
quadrupled, while the appropriations
for its maintenance had not been
double, the annual amount per capi?
ta for this purpose having gradually
fallen from over $200 to about $100.
Comparisons were drawn between
amounts expended in this state and
In other states, nearly all of them
amounting to more than 300 per
cent more than In South Carolina.
In fact, my first message, at Dr.
Babcock's request I called attention
to the fact that while in other states
the number of Inmates in their asy?
lums was limited by la*'', and that
Inebriates and epileptics were sep?
arated from the rnsane proper, that
with us there was no su ih law and
on the grounds of humanity the su?
perintendent and board of regents
were compelled to receive all who
were legally sent from the various
counties. It was further suggested
that all such be placed In separate
In 1905 I again called the attention
of the general assembly to the con?
stantly Increasing population of the
asylum, due largely to the fact trfat
since 1828, the year it was opened,
our asylum had received not only
lunatics, but idiots and epileptics,
and by subsequent legislation, ine?
briates. I cited the further fact that
there were in our asylum a large
number of old people who could not
be strictly called Insane, whose cases
belonged strictly to the county au?
thorities, and the great heart of Dr.
Babcock would not allow him to send
A year later,' and again at the sug?
gestion of Dr. Babcock, I stated that
the problem at the asylum could on?
ly be relieved by an increased appro?
priation, and referred to his sugges?
tion that the asylum farm be sold
and cheaper land purchased farther
from the city, adding that the pre?
sent buildings and grounds could be
Ukcd as a central reception hospital
for the treatment of acute cases of
insanity, and that other classes of
patients be distributed in colonies on
the land purchased.
In my last message I called atten?
tion to the fact that, where our state
hospital had accommodations for on?
ly 1,000 patients, that during the p ist
year nearly 400 patients In excess
of this number had been crowded
within the buildings and again re?
peated by recommendations of the
year before. I
The fact that the asylum was over?
crowded has been frequently placed
before the members of the general
assembly, but unfortunately very few
people realise what conditions over?
crowding In an asylum brings about
and, until the report of the investigat?
ing committee was made, the mem?
bers of the general assembly and the
other people of our state at large
have not realized the true state of af?
fairs. I might add that if the cases
cited In the report of the majority
of the committee are not exceeding?
ly rare due entirely to the careless?
ness of attendants Immediately in
charge and lmposs'Me of prevention
by a far too limited executive staff
that in my opinion, no one outside
the walls of the asylum, not even
the superintendent and board, have
understood the true condition of af?
I have known Dr. Babcock for
years; I have been closely associated
with him, both personally and
officially and I know that when I
first entered upon the duties of the
office of governor he came to me
"I want you to take a personal
Interest in the asylum; to go through
It often with me and to support me
In my work, so that you may realize
the true conditions, which so few
I have often concurred, In the opin?
ion expressed by those who kn"w
l>r. Babcooki best, namely, that he is
the most useful citizen of South Car?
olina, and now when I read the
reports from Columbia I am convinc?
ed that those who would censure him
OSnnot understand the true condition
of elfSJrf and they cannot know the
man who Ins given the best years
of his life in the service of Others,
who has worked without hop. of re?
ward from those whose praise and
whose thanks must be shut up With
in dark* nod walle behind grated
bars. I). C. Heyward.
Charleston; peb, IB, mo.
*LaQrippe pains that pervade the
entire system, LsGrlppe oouge that
rack .and strain, are quickly cured I?)
|'\.|? v's Honey and Tar. Is mldly
laxative, safe and certain In results
MberVi Drug store.
SUITS AGAINST STATES.
State Comity Strong Enough to Dts
courage Raids on North Carolina.
(From the New York Tribune.)
Senator Overman, of North Caro?
lina, has Introduced a joint resolut?
ion providing for the submission of a
constitutional amendment withdraw?
ing the right now granted to a State
or a foreign nation to bring suit In
the Supreme Court against a State.
Mr. Overman is not moved alone by
theoretical Impulses. He is probably
not especially anxious to carry to en
extreme the earlier succe? ' pro?
test against interference with a
State's sovereign rights and privillges
by means of legal coercion exerted
through tho Supreme Court?a pro?
test which resulted in the adoption of
the eleventh amendment of the Con?
stitution abrogating the right of a cit?
izen of one State to sue another
State in the Federal Courts. He prob?
ably is less interested in enlarging
States' rights generally than in pro?
tecting the interests of his own com?
North Carolina Is peculiarly sub?
ject to litigious attacks on the part
of other States and of foreign nations,
since it has outstanding a consider?
able volume of repudiated securities,
certain portions of which are being
pressed by their discouraged owners
on the treasuries of States and for?
eign Powers. It costs the owners of
these securities little to dispose of
them in a way to make them a col?
lectible lien against the State of issue,
but it costs North Carolina a good
de-1 of worry to defend suits for re?
covery and imposes upon an honor?
able and progressive commonwealth
the inconvenience and odium of ap?
pearing before the world as a defend?
ant against a protested note.
The other States may or may not
be willing to oblige North Carolina
by withdrawing from the Supreme
Court a Jurisdiction which it has ex?
ercised for more than a century. Yet
we cannot blame the people of North
Carolina for attempting thus to block
off litigation which has annoyed them
in the past and which will continue
to annoy them if the holders of du?
bious North Carolina securities can
And foreign countries complaisant
enough to accept gifts of bonds and
then try to make collections upon
them through the Supreme Court.
In our own country State comity
aeems now strong enough to discour?
age any further raids of this sort.
MESSENGER BOY TO MANAGER.
Belvidcre Brooks Wins High Place
In Western Union.
New York, Feb. 16.?Belvidere
Brooks was appointed general mana?
ger of the Western Union Telegraph
Company at the meeting of the board
of directors today.
He has been the general superin?
tendent of the Eastern division.
Forty years ago he started in with
the company as the only messenger
boy In the sage brush town of Neva
sota, Texas, where he was born. His
appointment today is intended to free
the hands of President R. C. Clowry
from the mass of administrative de?
tail and permit him to devote his
time to working out the broad, pro?
gressive policies of the new adminis?
Mr. Brooks only worked as an 11
year-old messenger boy for the first
four months of 1871. Py that time
he had learned to handle a key, and
wns sent to Waco as an operator. He
worked In El Paso, Galveston and
Denver before he was ordered to the
East. He was 50 years old a few
days ago. His home is at 125 River?
side Drive, and he has four sons, three
of them students at Williams College,
and one married.
Questioned as to his advancement
from the lowest position, Mr. Brooks
"I was paid 18 a month when I be?
gan as a messenger boy, but I felt in
those days that the whole weight of
the company was on my shoulders. I
have never quite lost that sense of
responsibility?and it is about the best
spur I know. The same opportunity
is open to any boy in business, and if
he pays attention to his work he
can rise as I have."
?More people are taking Foley's
Kidney Remedy every year. It is con?
sidered the most effective remedy for
all kidney and bladder troubles that
medical science can devise. Foley's
Kidney Remedy corrects irregulari?
ties, builds up the system, and re?
stores lost vitality. Sihert's Drug
Unofficially it Is estimated by offi?
cers of the United States mini that a
bushel measure Ailed with copper l
eenl coins Will contain about 32,000.
Officially, the director of the mint re?
fuses to discuss the matter.. The
question was asked some time ago,
hut employees of the mint refused to
state the number, saying they did not
?While it is often Impossible to
prevent an accident, it is never Im
pos Ible to be prepared- it is not be?
yond any one's purse. Invest 25 cents
In a bottle of Chamberlain's Llnl
mi nt and you are prepared for
?pralns, bmlsei and like injuries.
Sold by W. w. BJbert
SOME NEW LAWS.
Bills That Have Been Passed and
Ratified by the Legislature.
Columbia, Feb. 18.?The senate is a
very deliberate body, and no one netd
undertake to hurry its action. In the
matter of the asylum it has spent :
the greater part of the week and ne?
cessitated, very probably, the return
of the members here next week. If
the appropriation bill can be disposed
of In the two days left for legislative
work in this week there will be con?
sideration of other bills.
Among the bills that have been al?
ready ratified are many local meas?
ures, the sum tDtal of which amount !
to a great deal in the State as many J
grains of sand make up the beauteous
land. There have not been many bills
of general nature passed, but among
these ratified are the following.
Requiring the indexing of cancella?
tion of chattel mortgages.
Including baggage in the provisions
of the act relating to claims for I>st
The formaticn of Dillon county.
Changing the terms of officers in
many counties to four years or back
to two where they had been changed.
Amending the street car vestibule
law so that proper vestibules will be
Several insurance bills, among
them the one regulating the fraternal
and benevolent orders, regulatin?
bond and debenture companies, 're?
garding mutual protective ?Sloolg.?
t'ons, giving those legal standing and
putting them uncler the insurance
Amending the constitution In re?
gard to bonded Indebtedness of towns
for municipal Improvements, court
houses and streets as well as one pro?
viding for township bonds for rail?
Providing for the wlnding-up of
Establishing scholarships for the
blind In State institutions.
The reenactment of the old big pis?
tol law with some changes.
Requiring the publication of sealed
Providing lor registration of train?
Making it a misdemeanor for a
l ank officer t:> <ssue a false certificate.
Recasting the military code to
comply with th-? Dick law.
Compelling a husband to support
wife and children.
Providing that towns of 5,000 In?
habitants may establish slaughter
pens outside of the city.
Providing for the manufacture and
sale of denatured alcohol.
A number of county governments
have been changed, a lot of charters
have been Issued to railroads and
power companies, and the right to
vote bonds to a host of school dis?
tricts. Horry wants bonds for roads
so does Occnee. St. Matthews and
Dillon want, court houses. Mulllns
and Dillon want railroad bonds as do
Saluda and Greenwood, which have
asked to have the constitution chang?
ed for them. Laurens wants to is?
sue bonds f3r a railroad and Carlisle
wants street Improvements and so it
goes, all want to issue bonds for some
The proposed amendment to the
constitution by Mr. Cothran, in which
Columbia was so much Interested,
I rovlding for the assessment of con?
tiguous property for public Improve?
ments, has been amended In free con?
ference. It passed the house as one
of those "local measures" allowed to
go through because It was applicable
to one locality, though really an
amendment to the constitution, and
one strenuously objected to by many
people because it is argued that a
man's property may be assessed far
beyond his ability to pay for paving,
drainage, sewerage or anything else
in the matter of municipal improve?
ments. In that way property will be
practically confiscated in some In?
stances, while In others the effect
will be to force property owners n LiO
obstruct improvement in their locali?
ties, to bear the expense. Mr. Tobias
had the provision for Charlestt :\
stricken out In free conference, s">
that the bill now applies to Groen
\ille, Manning and Columbia only.
SORE LUNGS AND RAW LUNGS,
?Most people know the feeling, and
the miserable state of ill health it In?
dicates. All people should know that
Foley's Honey and Tar. the greatest
throat and lung remedy, will quick?
ly cure the soreness ami cough and
restore a normal condition. Ask for
Foley's Honey and Tar. Sibert's Drug
Rev. IS. i>. Craven, a ncii known
Baptist minister of Colldoni County,
is dead at his home. He was a gal?
lant soldier in the Confederate ermy.
\ SAFEGUARD TO CHILDREN.
?"Our two children of six and eight
stars have l een since infancy subject
to colds and croup. About three
years ago I started to use Foley's
Honey and Tar, and it has never fail?
ed to pre . ent and cure these troubles,
i it is the only medicine i can get the
children to take without a row." The
above from w. C. Ornsteln, Green
Bay, Wis.. dpulicatee the experience
of thousands of other users of Foley's
Honey and Tar. It cures codghs,
coids ami croup, and prevents bron?
chitis and pneumonia. Blbert's Drug
She Kind You Have Always Bought, and which has been
in use for over 30 years, has borne the signature of
- and has been made under his per*
sonal supervision since its infancy*
<C4CA4&1 Allow no one to deceive you in this*
All Counterfeits, Imitations and " Just-as-good99 are but
[Experiments that trifle with and endanger the health of
Infants and Children?Experience against Experiment*
What is CASTORIA
Gastoria is a harmless substitute for Castor Oil,
goric, Drops and Soothing Syrups* It is Pleasant. It
contains neither Opium, Morphine nor other Narcotic
substance. Its age is its guarantee. It destroys Worms
and aKays Feverishness. It cures Diarrhoea and Wind
Colic It relieves Teething Troubles, cures Constipation
and Flatulency. It assimilates the Food, regulates the
Stomach and Bowels, giving healthy and natural sleep*
The Children's Panacea?The Mother's Friend*
GENUINE CASTORIA ALWAYS
Bears the Signature of
The Kind You Have Always Bought,
In Use For Over 30 Years.
TM? ???TAU* SSSSSSSSj TT MUMNAV ?TAirr. HI? TO?? orr?.
YO? REACH THE RIGHT SPOT
for superior building materials, when
you call at McKiever's. We can fill
the bill every time. Whether it be
sash, doors, blinds, rough or dressed-g
lumber, we can give you estimates^
that for auality and prices can't be
beaten by anyone.
The Sumter Door, Sash & Blind Factory
J. W. McKeiver, - - Proprietor.
Birnie's Drug Store,
5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
Pure Drugs and Medicines,
CHOICE PERFUMES AND FINE
TOILET ARTICLES, COMBS AND
BRUSHES, PA'TENT MEDICINES
AND DRUGGISTS' SUNDRIES, A
FULL LINE OF CIGARS AND
TOBACCO. :: :: :: :: ::
OUR 1110: PURE AND RELIABLE GOODS.
Our stock is complete
and we cheerfully solicit
your patronage. :: :: ::
Large, strong, safe and progressive. We offer unex?
celled banking facilities and want your business.
The Farmers' Bank and Trust Co.
Sumter, South Carolina.
The man who works, keeps his eyes open
and has a BANKBOOK.
? We will be glad to furnish you with
Bank of Sumter
Im III II HS?BMI I IUI I i I