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VKWBY LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
dm of Interest From ?11 Part? of
Bamier and Adjoining Counties.
ffOTICB TO CORRESPONDBNTS.
Mall your Utters so that they will
reeveh this ofnes not later than Mon?
day when Intended for Wednesday's
paper and not later than Thursday
for Baturday's Issue. This, of course,
applies only to regular eorrespond
sm In case of Items of unusual
sun ralne. send In Immediately by
?kali, telephone or telegraph. Sueh
sjows stories are acceptable up to the
pBJBJ of going to press. Wednesday's
BBBsj Is prlntsd /Tuesday afternoon
mm? Baturday's paper Friday after
Max.'Feb. 18.?Mr. Junlus McNeil
and family have moved from Lynch
burg to their home at Durwood.
Mr. Stephen Hancock, who haa
outlived hla family and Uvea alone, la
very alck. He la attended by kind
net gb bora.
Mr. James Welsh la seriously 111.
There was a family reunion at Mr.
B L Floyd's on hla 70th birthday la/it
A community a few miles above
here boasts of having a furniture
making establishment, also a canning
factory. I sm not aware of the di?
mension's of either, or the amount of
Mrs. J. E. Langston and baby of
Tlmmonsville spent several days here
A considerable rain and wind storm
prevailed here last night.
Tlndal, Feb. 19.?On Thursday
afternoon this section was visited by
a heavy wind and rain storm with a
considerable amount of thunder and
Mrs. J M. Hodge haa been very ill
for aeveral days, but Is considered
as being* better now.
Miss Isola Rivers who has been
spending sometime with relatives in
High 8prings. Fla., returned home
Mrs. J. W. Broadway spent Wed?
nesday In Sumter.
Wlaacky. Feb. 19.?We had quite a
storm Thursday evening about 7
o'elock. The wind was fearfully
high for a while, accompanied by
i vivid lightning, thunder, and rain
which continued moat of the night
Leaving the ground too wet for the
plough for several days. We are
wishing for spring weather, we are so
tired of these freeslng, biting winds
with their colds and lagrippe.
The ost crop is badly damaged by
the freeses and Is apparently dead In
places. Hauling fertilizer Is In
progress now. Many of our farmers
gre building and Improving their
places, which adds to the looks con?
siderable Some have begun with
the garden work and a lot of cab?
bage plants huve been set out. Our
eounty Is threatened wltb an epi?
demic of small pox. Some cases have
been reported In end around Blshop
The relatives here of Mrs. W. C.
Williams of Summerton, sympa?
thise deeply with him in his great
anxiety and uneasiness about his
daughter, who is at school at the
Red Spring College, N. C, where
there are a number of small pox
patients among the studlcnts of that
The friends of Mr. William McLeod
are glad to krow that he is able to
be out again after a long and aevere
Borne few from here have been at?
tending the Carnival In Bishopvllle
There will be an oyster supper at
the home of Mrt W. Singleton Tis
da'e on the evening of February 25.
There will be also a "bag clipping"
and various Rueslng contests. The
proceeds for benefit of schools. The
public U cordially Invited.
It's going to take a lot of white?
wash to make that Balllngcr Job look
President Taft realizes now what It
Is to have congress on your hands*
and not be able to hurry It up.
Philadelphia^ reformers have been
given another defeat. Are the
honest voters also ssleep?
A n?*gro boy has been arrested In
Charleston county on the charge of
killing snother colored boy. He
claims the shooting to have been ac?
In view of the Impressive gather?
ing of Republican leaders at New
York yesterday it is safe to guess
that some apprehension of a Demo?
cratic victory In the Empire State
isrxt fall la entertained by those on
the Inside.?Providence Journal.
A CITY AXD ITS MANAGER
staunt on's Taxpayer* Arc Getting
Their Money's Worth.
(From the Hartford Courant.)
When the people of Staunton, Va.,
awoke to the fact that It cost the city
more to do certain things than a well
managed private corporation WOUld
pay for having the same things done,
it decided to have a general manager
and tell him to run things on busl- j
nrss principles. That Nvas two years |
ago. Results of the employment of
such an official have been most sat?
isfactory. The Charleston News and
Courier, which has been studying the
operation of the Staunton plan, says
that the city "is perhaps the best
governed city in America.' Some of
the things which the Charleston pa?
per says have been accomplished, or
are being accomplished, are:
Staunton now saves each year on
coal bills alone almost enough to pay
the entire salary of the general man?
ager. Staunton within a year or two
will be better provided with perma?
nently paved streets than any city of
Its slse in the world. Staunton has
one of the best lighting systems In
the country, and the cost is nominal.
So. too, it has a very excellent water
service. There is practically no de?
partment of the city that Is not more
efficiently conducted than ever befor*
In the history of the town, and moie
economically. There Is no waste in
Staunton. All Improvements are per?
manent and are corelated.
S aunton did not do away with lt|
city council. That body is still su?
preme, having full authority over the
general manager. It has, however,
given him a rather free hand. He
does the work formerly performed by
the several standing committeese, ex?
cept that of the finance, ordinance,
school and auditing committees. He
makes all contracts for labor and
supplies. Apparently, he does his
work very much as he would do it
if he were working for a private cor?
poration, Instead of for the city.
What was formerly done by many
men Is done by one man, who Is all
the time gaining valuable experience.
He, Is responsible to the city council
for results, just as he would be re?
sponsible to a board of directors it'
his employment was private, instead j
of being public. He has made good, |
and Staunton's taxpayers are getting
their money's worth.
(From the New York Times.)
We should advise our friends ths
protectionists not to "get gay" over the
statistics that show that more goods
have come in free under the Aldrlch
tariff than under any other, and
rather more than the total of duti?
able goods. The usual division, since
the extra protection of the Dinghy
tariff, has been about 5 per cent,
dutiable und 4 6 per cent. free. Sine?
the new tariff went into effect on
August 1 the proportion has been
about 48.5 per cent, dutiable an 1
51.5 per cent. free.
On its face this may be made t ?
seem as If the new tariff were more
favorable to Imports than the o!d
one. In reality the fear of the
changes toward higher and more
vexatious requirements Induced im?
porters to bring in as many duiloblc
goods as possible under the old 'ariff.
with a resulting check to subsequent
Imporatlons In that class. Th'i
simple fact explains the differvnc?
which it is now possible to report,
and its significance is obvlousiy the
reverse of favorable to the new tariff.
Moreover, the worst effects of the
new tariff are not In the duties that
are levied on goods that come in,
but on the heavy duties that shut otit
or nearly shut out, goods. The duties
on food and food .products, for in?
stance, make a small showiug In the
customs statlctics, but they have an
immense Importance in enhancing
the cost of living by fostering the
monopolies of the home market. The
same thing is true of the shameful
duties on wool and woolens in their
effect on the clothing, bedding and
carpets of the people of m nlerate
John T. Pellotteo is dead at his
home In Greenville.
W. T. Fowler, a well known far?
mer of Darlington, is dead.
The remains .of S. T. Blaskey, of
Georgetown were found to have pet?
rified after three years.
fl?>w many persons of your Intimate
acquaintance know the difference be
tueen boll weevil, pognnlp and pcl
lagrii I -N?W York Mall.
The livery stable of Nlcholls. Rop
ff & Roper and 10 brad of stock,
food stuff and harness and buggies.
VOfi burned at I^aunns Thursday
In Opposing the Postal Savings
Pank Mill lonotot Burton, of Ohtoi
o|.poses the policy of an Ohio Presl
<b nt. The evidence that Ohio Re?
publicans are demoralized seems
complete. Springfield Republican.
RU1IM.K TENDER KILLED.
Thomas Jefferson, for Quarter of Ceti?
tury Faithful Watchman at Conga
ree River, Mo<*tH Death.
Fort Motto. Fob. it.?Sacrificing
hla life to sav_ the lives of others,
Thomaa Jofferaon, for 30 years night
watchman for the Southern Railway
at Congaree river bridge, met with a
norrlbla death at his post at an early
our this morning, being caught in
the machinery of the draw bridge and
rushed to death.
Only the silent stars witnessed the
ragedy. but enough can be safely
onjectured to relate how this faith?
ful servitor met his death. The
steamer City of Columbia arrived at
the bridge at 5:50 o'clock and the
watchman opened the draw for it to
pass, but as train No. 15 was due at
o'clock he hastened up the track to
place a signal to save the passenger
rain from dashing headlong Into the
urbld waters of the Congaree. Com
ng back to close the draw the faith?
ful watchman fell Into the aperture
used for oiling the machinery of the
bridge and when the crew of the
train reached the bridge and could
find no trace of him. they closed the
draw and crushed the life out of the
Later when a freight train from
Columbia arrived the watchman was
found lying on the foundation under
the draw with one arm pinioned un?
der the ponderous machinery. He was
yet alive but consciousness had long
since left and death came in a short
while to put an end to his faithful ser?
vices which had extended through a
period of more than a quarter of a
The Habit of Cheerfulness.
Cheerfulness will attract more cus?
tomers, sell more goods, do more bus?
iness with less wear and tear than al?
most any other quality, says Orison
Swett Marden in Success .Magazine.
Optimism is the greatest business-get?
ter, bigg'st trader, the greatest achie
ver in the world. Pessimism has nev?
er done anything but tear down and
destroy what optimism has built up.
In the business office, as in society,
everywhere, the favorite is always the
cheerful person. Good-natured, cheer?
ful people do not waste their vital en?
ergy as rapidly as the grumbler ?>r
the too sober, too sad prople. They
work with much less friction.
Good cheer is a great lubricant; it
oils all of life's machinery. Shake?
"A merry heart goes all the day,
Your sad tires in a mile?a."
There is no other life habit which
can give such a prolific return in hap?
piness and satisfaction as that of be?
ing che<rful under all circumstances.
If the resolution to cultivate cheer?
fulness Is strongly made at the very
outset, it will not be difficult to form
the cheerful habit, and it will be the
best protection against suffering and
Cheerfulness Is also a great produ?
cer. It adds wonderfully to one's ac?
tive ability, and Increases mental and
physical power. It makes hosts of
friends, and helps us to be Interesting
Tugsten Steel Lathe Tools.
Up to the present time, says Mr.
F. L. Hess, the' most important use
of tugsten is as an alloy for steel tools.
It enables the steel to hold temper at
a much higher temperature than
ordinary carbon steel. A lathe may
be speeded up until the chips flying
from the tools are so hot that they
turn blue. It is estimated that abou
five times as much work can be done
with such a tool as with one made of
Who are a little wise the best fools
Conversation is a good form of ex?
ercise for those afflicted with heart
Hagel Rose, a negro train hand
was shot and seriously wounded at
Orangeburg by Telegraph Operator
Miss Margie Calhoun, granddaugh?
ter of South Carolina's famous states?
man. John C. Calhoun, died in At?
lanta at the age of 63 year?
Speaking of civic research, has any?
one found just what has become of
Tammany under the daynor admin?
istration ?? Louisville Courier Jour?
Republicans have won in Phila?
delphia by a sweeping majority. Are
you surprised, or are you merely
shocked, as usual??Indlanopolls
In the Balllnger-PlnChot contro?
versy it is evidently a mistake In tact?
ics to attempt to bully the young
accuser 1 Louis A. C.lavls.--Philadel?
Well, at the present rate of "pro?
gress" the great dancers will soon have
nothing more to reveal to us!?Boston
SENATOR TllljUH M ILL.
LITTi.i: HOPE ENTERTAINED FOR
The Crisis NaM at Hand?Paralysi?
And Cerebral Hemorrhage the
Cans'* <-f His nines*.
Wathington, F '?. 18.? -Eenjomln
Ryan Tillman, for . air yean Gover?
nor of South Carolina, and for lh?
l.T*?t fifteen year. I'; ite I States -< tu?
tor from that Btai . lies In c dying
condition at his apartments at the
alfour, in this city, suffering from
iralysis and hardening of the ar?
teries leading to the heart. Ho may
survive several days, if the paraiysln
can be checked and kept away from
the brain, or he may succumb at any
hour. Physicians hold out no hope.
Less than a week ago Senator Till?
man was apparently in hi! usual
health and attended to his every-day
duties in the senate. Almost his last
official act was to introduce a resolu?
tion calling upon the Secretary of the
Navy for information as to the pur?
chase of oil, which would probably
have led to interesting developments
connected with the operations of the
Standard OH Company.
A slight attack of dizziness three or
four days ago was at first treated
lightly, and little was thought of it
until yesterday afternoon, when he
became suddenly ill. During the night
it was apparent that he was a dang?
erously sick man, and at once ?'de
grams were send out to all members
of the family, summoning them at
once to Washington. Mrs. Tillman
and all but two children reached here
this morning, and the two mentioned
will get here tonight.
Dr. Pickford, who was called in
when Senator Tillman became ill, had
a consultation late this afternoon with
Dr. White, superintendent of St.
Elizabeth's Hospital, this city. Dr.
White being one of the best known
nerve specialists in the country. Dr.
Eabcock, of Columbia, will come to?
morrow, unless developments in the
meantime are such as to make it un?
It is recognized that the Senator is
a dangerously ill man and absolutely
no hope is held out to the members of
his family. Throughout the entire
day members of both houses of con?
gress have been seeking information
as to the Senator's condition, and so
frequent were the telephone calls that
very early in the morning communi?
cation was cut off. Close friends of
the family are giving out information
to those who call tonight, and at the
Balfour many South Carolinians have
left cards of sympathy during the
, Early this morning when the news
of Senator Tillman's serious illness
began to be scattered about the cap
Itol. a pall settled everywhere. Knots
of Senators gathered in different parts
of the senate chamber and discussed
the case, while on the house side
much the same thing was done. House
members who did not even have a
speaking acquaintance with Senator
Tillman. expressed the greatest sym?
pathy for the stricken Senator and
for the members of his family, as fre?
quent Inquiries as to his condition in?
Mrs. Tillman, who was the first to
reach the Senator after he became 111.
had just delivered the two little grand'
children to Mrs. B. R. Tillman, Jr..
In Columbia, and hurried on to Wash?
ington. She had only been here a
short time when the Senator became
unconscious. During the day Senator
Tillman has be?n able at times to ar?
ticulate a little, but most of the day
he has been lying in a stupor, taking
no notice of those around him. Now
and then, however, as different
friends and members of the family
pressed his hand he would give a
slight pressure in answer, indicating
that he understood, but could not re
His Condition Improve*.
Washington, D. C, Feb. 19.?At
midnight Dr. White concluded his
diagnosis of Senator Tillman's case
with Dr. Pickford. After a thorough
examination it is now stated that the
trouble besides the paralysis of the
right side is cerebral hemorrhage.
The blood vessel which allowed blood
to spill and form a clot on the brain,
has. it is now thought, been tempor?
arily stopped, and the Senator is
somewhat improved over his condi?
tion earlier in the night, though he is
still in a very precarious condition.
The latest bulletin Issued states that
for four or five days perhaps it cannot
be said what the result will be, should
he survive that long.
The doctors have been successful to
the extent of restoring partial con?
sciousness and Senator Tillman is now
able to articulate and has just taken
Can Not Recover.
At noon Dr. Pickford says that
there is no Immediate danger of fa?
tality In Senator Tillman's condition,
The Senator however remains in ftcom*
atOOO state, unablfl to speak or to
recognize anybody. If he recovers he
will be dumb permanently.
A NUMBER OF SENATE HILLS
Aslieley ami Hooker Enliven <io-in
session?iMUenge Book BUI Final'y
Columbia, Feb. is.?x<? third r af.
ing bills have pasted the house, t ?d*y
being set for final adjournment. The
resolution will be '-hanged as it is lm
poHrtble to adjourn finally until u
inorrcw. Ths important tenets bllla
passed to third reading in the hOUSS
included ths following:
!;.". Mr. Csrlisle Requiring fir- ee
< a|i> H in hotels.
By Mr. Carllsls Regulating adjud?
ging persons InsaiiSi
! v Mr. Sullivan To Incorporate
Hydro electric ilompany.
By Mr. u/sston Incorporating Mu?
tual construction corporations.
Ry Mr. Bummers?Requiring ferti?
liser package* i<e stamped with
By Mr. Carlisle?Removing limit on
municipal debt for sewerage, water
or light purposes.
By Mr. Clifton?Requiring mutual
insurance companies claiming lien on
insured property to prove they gavc
By Mr. Irby?Calling on Clemson
authorities to investigate phosphate
Columbia, Feb. 19.?Ashley and
Rucker had a lively tilt over the res?
olution for the purchase of new desks
for the house, spat being over Ash?
ley's amendment forbidding the use
of the hall for the State ball. The
amendment was lost 54 to 32. Ashley
was the only one who spoke for it.
The resolution was passed.
The general assembly will adjourn
sine die late tonight.
The mileage book bill is dead by
The house was In a dramatic situ?
ation at 2:30 o'clock. The bill to fix
r>-mile base for intra-State freight
rates was reported by substitute from
free conference rcommending 5-mile
base with competitive points exempt?
ed. A former railroad commissioner
refused to sign the report and after a
sharp debate the report was rejected
by one vote. Mr. Dlson raised the
point of no quorum and the sergeant
at-arms w.as sent out to arrest mem?
bers. As many had left the city there
is no saying how long the house will
be locked up.
The mileage book bill is dead by
disagreement in free conference.
The public utilities bill, prohibiting
State commission regulating light
gas and water rates is safe. Charles?
ton, Spartanburg, Union, Conway,
Sumter and Marion being exempted.
Finally an agreement was reached
in the free conference committee on
the mileage book proposition. The
committee recommendation is "a legis?
lative joke: the railroads are allowed
to make any contract they want after
being required to sell books good on
trains, and then permission is given
them, if they want it, to sell books
good on their own lines at any legal
rate up to three cents a mile.
Fim-lly en Mit.h member-prisoners
were brought in to make a quorum.
The report was rejecte 1 by a vote of
35 to 34 and the bill was killed.
Columbia, Feb. 21.?The general
assembly of South Carolina adjourn?
ed sine die at 8:30 yesterday morn?
ing. T. B. Fraser, of Sumter, was
permitted to make the motion in the
house because of his rank as chair?
man of the judiciary committee.
The closing hours of the general
assembly were wearisome indeed.
Many of the heavier bills had not
been acted upon until the very last
day and this meant a deluge of work
for the engrossing department.
As a consequence, while no bills
were acted upon Saturday night ex?
cept in full conference committee re?
ports, yet the clerical department
was worked almost beyond the point
When the appropriation bills had
been signed by Gov. Ansel, it was 8.30
in the morning, and it was a worn
out dozen representatives and eight
senators who were present in the
respectiv houses when the gravel
There was some Important legisla?
tion in the last hours, among other
things be'ng the free conference
committee substitute for the asylum
bills. This seems to be generally ac
C< ptable to all who have followed the
The "drummers' mileage lull'' was
killed in free conference, the senate
yesterday rejected the matter. Some
of the champions of the bill wer.- out
of the senate chamber When the
committee report td.
Yesterday aboul noon a visitor
heard a frantic no se in the hall of
the house of representatives, it was
found thai one of the members had
been asleep on a lounge in a corner
of the ball ami had not been Observ?
ed when the other members quit the
hall. He woke up several hours lat?
er to find himself locke I in. One of
the officials of the house was found
and he WSS released.
who arb TO be enumerated.
The Census Bureau's Instructions to
Kn(initiators on This Point.
Waohlngton, Feh, 1<j.?The explicit ?
and lengthy printed instructions to
the census enumerators, which have
been prepared by the United States
Census Bureau, give a clear ida of the
character of the answers expected
from the people of the United States
with regard to the questions in the
population schedule to be carried la f
Lhe Decennial Census April 15 next.
All answers are to have reference
sdtly to the "Census Day," which is
April 15. Persons living on the day,
numerators call, are to be counted,
but who died after it and before the
enumerators call, are to be counted,
but persons born after April 15 are
not to be included in the count. Per- 4
sons who were single on April 15 are
to be reported as single, even though
thty have married subsequently and
before the canvasser has called. This
in true, similarly, of persons who be?
came widowed or divorced after
April 15. i
The census law provides that all
persons shall be enumerated at their
"usual plac*i of abode" on April 15.
This meant the place where they may
be said to live or belong or the place
which is their home. As a rule, the
usual place of abode Is not the pface |
where a person works or where he
eats, but where he regularly sleeps.
The enumerators are cautioned, how?
ever, that where a man happens to
sleep at a time of the enumeration
may not be the place where he reg?
ularly sleeps I
There will be a number of persons
having their usual places of abode in
enumerator districts who will be
absent April 15. These are to be includ?
ed and enumerated after the facts re?
garding them have been obtained from
tieir families, relatives, acquaintance^ ^
or other persons able to give the In?
formation. For instance, If a mem?
ber of any family In an enumeration
district is temporarily away from
home on a visit, or on business, or
traveling for pleasure, or attending
school or college, or sick in a hospi- ^
tal. such absent person is to be enum?
erated and included with other
members of the family. But a son or
daughter regularly living in another
locality should not be counted with
the family at home.
Servants, laborers, or other em- M
plovees, who live with tin- family,
and sleep in the same house or on the
premises..should be enumerated with
The Census Bureau states that
there will be, on the other hand, a
certain number of persons present
and perhaps lodging and sleeping in
districts at the tirrre of the enumerat?
ion who do not have their usual
places of abode there. These are not
to be enumerated. It must be assum?
ed that they will be enumerated else?
where. The canvasser should not.-^
therefore unless it is practically cer?
tain that they will not be enumerat?
ed anywhere else, enumerate or Include
with the membrs of a 'amily they are
enumerating any of the following
Persons visiting a family: 1
Transient boarders or lodgers who
have some other usual or permanent
place of abode;
Students or children living or
boarding with a family in order to at?
tend some school, college, or other
educational Institution in the locality
but not regarding the place as their
Persons who take their meals with
a family but lodge or sleep elsewhere;
persons employed by a family and
working in the house or on the premi?
ses, but not sleeping there; or
Any person who was formerly In a
family, but who has since become a
permanent inmate of an asylum, alms
house, home for the aged, reforma?
tory, prison of any other institution
in which the inmates may remain for
long periods of time.
Trenchantly obserives the Easley
"A marrii ge license bill has passed
the senate. It provides that marriage
license shall hereafter be required in
'south Carolina. The fee for same is
one dollar. The county clerk will is?
sue diem. For not procuring a li?
cense the penalty will be from
twenty-fire to one hundred dollars.
Owing, we suppose, to whom you
once a man insulted a woman of
the stage, and he died in the street
?because the girl's husband was not
far away. . There died a In ?und."
were the only words be spoke, as the
fellow fell. Afterwards, a jury nod?
ded assent to these words, and the
girl's protector ^<>t his freedom. In
pulling his gun this man simply re?
sponded to that creed that is better
than all laws true and as 1 xacting as
The American section of the Fed?
eration of Mast, r Cotton Spinners
aas decided by a unaniomous vote to
continue the short time running un?
til April 21. It is reported that the
owners of 4,000,000 spindles ontftdO
the federation win co^peiate in this