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title: 'The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, February 26, 1910, Image 1',
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sated Aai. S. 188
farcin airti Soutbron.
Wednesday and Satunlay
SUMTBR, ft. C.
$Ht par annum?In ad vane*.
? Bauart; Brat Insertion.il.ts
SNtsry subsequent insertion.ft
Ceatreete fee three moat ha. or
ltttger win he made at reduce* ratee.
Ail oemmenleetlona which sub?
serve private latereate will be charged
Oust no Hot and ferBjtjtst ef teepeeta
arc mm mafieis.
COLUMBIA OOlfcCMRNS ROB
BJBD TUX STATE.
Company and Car
to Fatten on
Cetaatbia. Ftb. Si.?The State of
Be*** CeroBaa has given notice of suit
fee ttet.too again* the owners of the
Distillery Company and
.?et against the osnert of the
OH as Company.
ifetW ths act recently passed by
?general assembly, thit action
SB *w' *. either one of these con
pan dispose of any property In1
ttssi Stete until the Anal settlement of I
The dispensary commission was to
Bate met yesterday, hut only three
members were pr?sent, and no state?
ment was given out. Dr. Murray and
Melters. Patton and Wood were here
yesterday. The suits were filed with
tee olere of court of Rtchland coun?
Cot T. B. Felder of Atlanta, who|
been assist ins the commlostlon In
out sraft, stated yesterday
.had read with interest an edl
The state last fall. In which
inquired why the class
Jlegeo ta CpJBhx
a negro, OhSrl. v
ftosster, er. ? the
e was loom
to m#ke' tbr>|
arrtet. rounded arm Up. Mr. SluW|
staue that Ms prisoner Baa made
full confession, statins* that Be rede
the mule to Bumter and turned It
At th* same time the mule wn*
stolen someone entered the ?Harvln
hcose end got off with a coat. The ne?
gro did not say anything la his con
fseslon about entering the house. It
ts thought thst he knows something
abort It. however, and something may
out at the preliminary hearing.
Cr ester, Feb. II??Samuel Varna*
core. Chatter county's oldest cltlsen,
died at the home of his son, Adam
Vamadore. three miles west of Ches?
ter, on Bundey et the age of 103 years,
having been botn In Falrfleld county
October II, llOf. Frutn youth he had
passtd a quiet life on the farm In thlt
county. He did hit duty as a soldier
In the great Wer Between the Sec?
tion* He Is survived by nine child
tea. Bet daughters and four sons.
Funeral service was held by Rev. C
O. Brown, burial In the ehurch ysrd
ef Pleasant Grove Presbyterian
?toed April, 1IM.
?Be Jest ai
AN ENEMY OF THE SOUTH
MIL SKILL SECRETARY OF COM?
MERCE AND LABOR.
Sappreesed Report of Special Agent
That Wan Favorable to This Sec?
Washington. Feb. 12.?That C. P.
Net 11. commissioner of labor, under
Secretrry Nagel, is a hobby-rider, and
a dreamer no one in the newspaper
business here would deny. Once set
In his way he Is hard to move, and,
unfortunately for the south, hs has
decided in his own mind that thou?
sands of women and children are be?
ing worked to death there In the mills
and other industrial plants. So that
he and others might ride their hobby
horses more persistently and more
gracefully congress has in two differ?
ent lots aproprlated $100,000 for the
purpose of sending a horde of cranks
through the country to gather Infor?
mation bearing on their side of the
Reteredge Started the Ball.
Senator Beveredge of Indiana, it
will be remembered, In a speech on
the floor of the senste, January 29,
1907, intimated that tens of thousands
of children were btlng murdered an?
nually In the south. At the time
Senators Overman. Tlllman, Ba?
con and others took him to task for
his unwarranted attack. But, it was
then that congress made an appro?
priation of $150.000 for an investi?
gation, and authorised the secretary
of commerce and labor to ascertain
the facts. Commissioner Nelll organi?
sed about one hundred agents work?
ing In squads and sent them into the
field. Twenty or more were dispatch
ed to Virginia, North Carolina and
South Carolina to look Into the cot?
ton mill situation. Others went to
glass, silk and clothing manufactur
The south was pointed out as the
place where children were stunted,
mistreated generally, and debased.
Nelll. It was said at the time, instruct"
ed his hirelings to find these condi?
tions. Later it has been alleged, that
***** oT'hls agents wtro found\what
he desired them to And were promot?
ed and that those who found better
things were fired. The stories told of
the findings of some of the agents
that went south sound like the tales
of Baron Munchauaen. One young
woman, a sociological crank from
Vassar, discovered one mill with a
pit cave, where children were hidden
away when visitors called. At* an?
other mill, in the moutains, she
learned that at the approach of any
suspicious looking person the poor,
down trodden boys and girls were
told to run for their lives. This crea
ture, It Is said, delighted Nelll so that
he boosted her to the very top of the
T. R. Dawley's Experience.
Thomas R. Dawley, Jr., a native of
New York, received quite a different
treatment. He was told to g0 south
and Investigate the conditions of the
mill operatives before they left the
farms. In other words he was to
compare their present state with that
of former days when they were crop?
pers and tenant farmers, Dawley was
not the man Nelll was looking for.
He investigated and reported that
the conditions at the mill were bet?
ter than those on the farm. He de?
clared that they not only had more
opportunities, but actually Improved
Industrially, morally, socially physi?
cally and financially.
Dawley was told to write out his
report. He alleges that Nelll tried to
make him change his Impressions,
contending that he had not seen the
true conditions and urging that,
whatever the investigation revealed,
children should not be allowed to
"If a child Is found wallowing In
the gutter In tilth and, it should not
be taken out of there for better con?
ditions, if It means work," Nelll Is re?
ported to have said.
Ordered South Again.
Di.w1e>. he says, was sent south
a*:aln to do all his work over. He
then got up a printed schedule, com?
prising a hundred inquiries, bringing
out <<very phase of life In the country
and at the mill. With this he work?
ed 41 districts, covering about a dos?
en counties sad 200 families. It was
discovered that children?"men who
were children thirty years before"?
had been promoted to foremen and
superintendents and In some in?
stances had become mill owners.
Os making it known that he had
found nothing but favorable informa?
tion, Dawley was turned off by Nelll,
and the report suppressed. Dawley
allegas this In charges made against
Nelll to the secretary of commerce
The'Status of the Case.
The charges of Dawley are to the
id Fear not?Let ail the ends Thon Ala
TER. 8. a. SATURD
MEAT COMBINE DEFIANL
HARDER GRIP ON FOOD SUPPLY
ANSWER TO THREATS OF
Grand Jury Will Consider Proceedings
I Against Trust?Cold-Storage Ware
I houses to be Examined.
I New York, Feb. 22.?Proceedings
against the so-called Beef Trust will
j occupy the time of the grand Jury of
i Hudson county when it meets again
tomorrow morning In the court house
in Jersey City, and formal indictments
It developed today that the misun?
derstanding between the ideal board
of Health and Pierre P. Oarven, the
county prosecutor, had been smoothed
out and that health Inspectors would
see to it that the cold-storage ware?
houses are thoroughly examined.
There seems to be little check to
the activities of the concerns which
compose the National Packing Com?
pany in the use of the storage meth?
ods as a club with which to compel
the payment of their prices.
"If you do not give what we ask for
this meat now," is the form the ulti?
matum to the retailers Is said to take,
"wo will freeze it."
Into the ice boxes the meat goes,
and every month a quarter of a cent
a pound Is charged against it. This
tax the consumer must eventually pay.
A year Is as one day, so far as pack?
ers are concerned, the prosecutor* de?
clares, unless for some reason they
should wish to "freeze out" some in?
dependent abattoir, when quantities of I
the frozen food are released.
Abuses engendered by the cold
storage practices are under the obser?
vation of the authorities, not only In
New Jersey, but in other States. There
is evidence, it is charged, that meats
have actually beeen held in storage
for years, to prevent their being dis?
posed of in accordance with the usual
methods of legitimate trade.
The; Increase of the price of meat,
despite the fact that the New Jersey
grand Jury had voted to indict the of?
ficials of the trust, indicates that the
officials of the packing companies are
not yet influenced by public sentiment,
and believe that they can defy all
prosecution. The action whlc'i has
already been undertaken is ba?<>d on
the charge of conspiracy, and it is not
unlikely that the matter of public
health will be made the subject of
separate action by the inquisitors of
Mr. Garven said this evening that
owing- to the close watch kept on his
office by the agents of the trust he
must be extremely guarded in discus?
sing bis plans.
They Like Criticism.
Sumter councllmen dislake to
sen e, for the reason that they have
, to sacrifice their business Interests,
and get criticised. This may be so In
a small town, but In the larger cities
we have known Alderman to sacrifice
their business just for the sake of
the criticism that attaches to the
duties of City Council?and what the
criticism carries along with It.?
A man Is usually willing to admit
that his wife is his inspiration until
he makes a real hit.
effect that Neill Is Incompetent and
that he deliberately and willfully set
out to get facts to establish a pre
conceived hypothesis concerning con
ditions affecting women and children
laborers. Secretary Nagel appointed
BenJ. C. Cable, his first assistant, and
Charles Earle, his solicitor, a com?
mittee, to investigate the matter# For
three weeks these gentlemen have
been hearing testimony. Some of the
witnesses swore that Neill destroyed
stacks of valuable stuff that it cost
the government thousands of dollars
It has been years since the lnvestl
gatlon commenced, but no report has
appeared. Neill has groped about for
data to prove his notion about condl
tlons In the south. The first $150,
000 was used up, and then the JtOQUd,
and now it Is alleged, other funds
are being employed. No reports ar
yet in sight.
Thc? Power IVehlnd AH This.
Dawley declares that the National
Child Labor committee, with offices
In New York, is egging Neil on. This
means that the blow Is aimed dlrectlv
at the industries of the south.
Before this case?"the Dawley
Neill case"?is over, some Interesting
things may crop out. It is a fact that
certain men stay here In Washing?
ton to lobby for the National Child
Labor committee, and other similar
organizations. If Dawley sustains h!s
charges, Nelll should be thrown out.
Southern congressmen are becoming
Interested In the matter.
u t 00 tby Country's, Thy God's an
AY. FEBRUARY 26,
RIOTIXG IN STREETS CONTIN?
Mob Put State Fencibles, Crack Mili?
tary Company, to Utter Confusion
?Three Boys Have Been Fatally
Philadelphia, Feb. 22.?Three boya
were shot and probably fatally
wounded, while s??veral received leas
severe wounds today in riots which
followed the resumption of service by
the Philadelphia Rapid Transit
company. The shooting occured In
attacks on cars in the northwestern
Market street, the principal busi?
ness throughfare in the heart of the
city, was the scene of disturbance
during the entire day. Cars were
stoned and two policemen were
rougly handled by a mob of several
thousand persons. A dozen arrests
were made and the prisoners placed
in a trolley car. This was stormed
by the mob and two of the prisoners
Preparations were made by the
authorities to call upon the entire
force of the State militia If the po?
lice tomorrow are still unable to cope
with the situation.
President Murphy of the Central
Labor union still regards a generak
strike of all trade unions in the city
as Inevitable, although Organizer
Pratt is reported to be opposing this
move. A delegation of labor leaders
left for Washington today to ask
Senator Penrose to use his influence
for a peacable solution of the trou?
Members of the State Fencibles, an
independent military organization ot
about 200 members were placed on
duty today, armed with load?
ed muskets. They were detailed in
the Kinsington mill district in the
northeast, which 1? a hotbod of union
sympathizers. In their first skirmish
they were badly beaten by a mob,
who paid no attention to the drawn
bayonets and snatched the muskets
fronCk the hands of the young militia?
men. Members of the State Fencl
b'es, according to Mayor Reyburn,
acted as though they were on a
picnic, allowing girls in the mill dis?
trict to wear their caps and cut the
brass buttons off their clothing. At
one point a group of rioters captured
a member of the Fencibles and car?
ried him several hundred feet from
his post, where they stripped him of
his coat, hat, and cartridge belt and
gun and threw him into the sewer.
A non-union conductor was bad'y
hurt at Sixth and Market street late
this afternoon when a crowd attack?
ed his car after a boy had pulled the
trolly pole from the feed wire.
Policemen drove back the crowd at
the point of revolvers and started the
car. It had gone but a short distance
when a heavy iron weight thrown
from a window crashed through the
roof of the vehicle.
Fifteen policemen quartered In the
barn of the Philadelphia Rapid Tran?
sit company at Ridge avenue and
York street narrowly escaped death
tonight when the entire northwest
corner of the building was blown
away with dynamite. The explosion
occurred Just as C. O. Pratt was
about to address a meeting of car
men at a hall at Ridge avenue and
Dauphin streets. This building, as
well as others in the vicinity, was
shaken by the shock of the explo?
sion. How the dynamite was placed
In the car barn Is a mystery.
The State Fencibles, after being
harassed and beaten all day by a
mob of thousands of strike sympa?
thizers along Lehigh avenue, were
withdrawn at nightfall. The militia
had been powerless against the mob,
but a half dozen mounted police had
ridden up and down driving the riot?
ers before them during the afternoon.
Only two cars were run on this Hne
during the afternoon and both were
badly shattered by stones. Police?
men in this locality were fired upon
by a strike sympathizer, who had
concealed himself In St. Simeon's
church at Lehigh avenue and Hutch?
inson street. This enraged the guard?
ians of the peace and they returned
the fire, hitting W. E. Collins in the
groin. He was removed to the Epis?
Director of Public Safety Clay to?
night expressed himself as being sat?
isfied with the way the police have
managed to handle the mobs up to
According to a statement Issued to?
night by the Philadelphia Rapid
Transit company, the amount of
damage and the number of assaults
committed by mobs was greater than
on any previous day of the strike,
although the territory covered by the
cars of the company was considera?
bly less. Two hundred and ninety
PHILADELPHIA ^' FOR AID.
STATE ORGANIZATION SUMMON?
ED TO THE CITY.
State Police, Numbering Two Hundred
Meh, Called to Philadelphia to As?
sist in Suppressing Riots by Street
Car Strikers?Transit Company
Claims War Will be Continued Until
Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 23.?The po?
lice officials of this city today virtual?
ly acknowledged their inability to
cope with the present strike situation
when a request was made of John C.
Groome, superintendent of the State
police, that the two hundred members
of his command be brought to this
city for police services.
This request was made notwith?
standing that serious rioting was less
frequent today than on any day since
the strike of the street car men went
into effect last Saturday. The State
police are expected to reach here to?
morrow morning, and will doubtless
be sent into the Kensington district,
where the State Fencibles had such an
unpleasant experience yesterday.
While the police were busy keeping
tracks clear for the lines In Kensing?
ton, the lines in other parts of the city
were run on much reduced schedules,
and on several of the West Philadel?
phia and down-town lines no attempt
was made to run cars all day, al?
though these sections were compara?
tively quiet. The shopping district on
Market street, in the heart of the city,
was again the scene of almost con?
tinuous disturbances, especially at the
noon hour. No one was seriously in?
Telegrams were sent to President
Taft and Senator Penrose by the offi?
cials of the Street Car Men's Union
"Union men on Strike here offer
services for operation of mall and
newspaper cars, as was done through?
out last strike. Company refuses to
allow union men to continue to ope?
rate mall cars, and has today forced
off their mall cars by summary dis?
charges. Interference with ncail ope?
rations, therefore, comes from the
company and not from the strikers."
The Union men claim that the com?
pany is interfering with the operation
of mail cars to give it a chance to ask
for Federal Intervention.
SUICIDE AT COLUMBIA.
Young Man Kills Himself In House of
Columbia, Feb. 23.?Leaving a note
saying: "I love a Spanish girl. She
doesn't love me. T would rather be
dead than alive," J. W\ Padgett, Jr.,
this afternoon committed suicide in a
house of ill-fame In Columbia. Pad?
gett entered a room of this house this
morning about 11 o'clock, and when
a woman entered the room, in the af?
ternoon he was strangling and gasping
Physicians were summoned, but it
I was too late to save the life that was
almost gone. Using opium and mor?
phine, and a half-pint of one star
whiskey, the dose taken was enough
to kill, and In spite of the efforts of
two pyhsicians. Padgett died about
"The Spanish girl" referred to in
the note left, is an inmate of the
house. Padgett was 25 years of age,
and lives at Lykesland, nine miles
TILLMAN CONTINUES TO IM?
Now Believed That His Recovery is
Assured, Barring Complications?
No More Bulletins.
Washington, Feb. 23.?Senator B.
R. Tlllman of South Carolina continu?
ed his favorable progress today and
barring complications, it is believed
his recovery is assured. He spent a
good night and his condition this
morning showed renewed evidence of
the gradual abatement of the paraly?
sis and aphasia. After Dr. Pickford
visited the senator this morning he
announced that the patient's condi?
tion was ;?o favorable that he would
Issue no more bulletins.
"Senator Tillman's condition con?
tinues to Improve all the time," was
the doctor's statement.
Percy Noodles says that he used to
have a room mate who was so narrow
m'nded he had to part his hair cross
It Is still possible for some one to
sur? H that Mr. Peary be retired
as a major general.?Springfield Re?
five cars were demolished, making a
total of 750 cars which have been
put out of service since the begin?
ning of the strike on last Saturday.
?OUTHRON, EBtabltsbed lue, 1*M
ies?Vol. XXXI. 5o. L
FOB TIMM mm.
WHAT OLD DOMINION DOES FOR
Maintains Four Hospitals?6pecial
Colony for Epileptics and Separate
Institutions for Negroes Included.
Richmond, Feb. 22.?The State of
I Virginia has four hospitals for the
care of its insane. There are three?
the Eas:ern, located at Williamsburg,
founded in 1773; the Western, at
Staunton, founded in 1838, and the
Southwestern, at Marion, established
I In 1887, all of which are for the ex?
clusive use of white patients.
The Centra'., devoted to the care of
the negro insane, is now situated at
Petersburg. It was first established
in Richmond, in 1870, but in 1885
was removed to the present site.
These institutions are supported by
an appropriation made by the Gen?
The Eastern has accommodations
for about 900 patients, the report for
the fiscal year ended September 30,
1908, the last one available, shows a
total of 884 patients, divided as fol?
lows: 449 male and 385 female. The
per capita cost of maintaining the in?
stitution is 3150.41. The Eastern has
an 85-acre farm run in connection,
much of the work being done by the
patients. The farm supplies a great
abundance of vegetables and food
stuff for the use of the hospital, l>ut
not enough to supply the demand.
The ftrm yielded a net revenue of
$1,843, according to the report men?
tioned above. A mattress and broom
factory is also operated at a profit,
the last report showing a net return
of $1,148. The patients also help
to keep up repairs and to operate the
The value of the Eastern plant is
placed at $410.214, and the State ap?
propriation for the last fiscal year,
enced September 30. 1906, was $99,
471,59. The returns from pay pa?
tients were $1,956.93, while other
Items of resource, such as sa es and
rent of State property, were 1425.39.
The report /?^ the .**rost<rn ^ t?te
Hospital for the fiscal year ended
September 30, 1908, *%1ves a total of
977 patients?485 male and 4 92 fe?
male. The per capita cost fit the
Western has seperate buildings for
I transportation of about $1.03. The
Western has seperate buildings for
the care of consumptives. A small
farm Is operated, but it has been so
recently acquired that no figures as
to its return can be given.
' Under the control of the officials of
the Western Hospital will be placed
the epreptic colony, a site for which
has been bought just outside of
Lynchburg. It is planned to have
the colony In operation in 1911. All
patients of the Eastern, Western and
Southwestern Hospital who are suf?
fering from the malady will be sent
there for treatment.
The report of Commissioner Bau
serrman for the fiscal year ended
September 30, 1909 shows that the
State appropriation for this hospital
was $119,000.48 and that the receipts
from the pay patients were about
$2,891, while other sources of reve?
nue netted $4.700.
The Southwestern at Marion has
an enrolment of 631?300 male and
331 female. The farm and garden
operated in connection with the hos?
pital shows a net balance of $4,830.
This hospital drew an appropriation
from the State of $75,000 and receiv?
ed about $1.500 from paid patients,
while other items of revenue brought
The Central Hospital, at Peters?
burg, is devoted to the treatment of
negro patients, who numbered at the
close of the 1908 fiscal year 1,285?
598 male and 687 female. The per
capita cost of maintaining this hos?
pital is $101,78, this figure including
the cost of tran8poration. The plant
of the Central Hospital is valued at
$516 060 and has a fine farm of 500
acres attached. The last report
shows that this farm yielded a net
revenue of over $11,000.
For the last six years tuberculosis
patients have been segregated and a
new cottage costir $6,000 has Just
been built for their use.
The State appropriation for this
hospital was $131,000, and about
$3,340 was received from the rent of
During the 1908 session the Legis?
lature passed a law which provides
that no citizen of the State of Vir?
ginia who is an inmate of a hospital
for the Insane shall be charged any
of the expenses connected with the
maintenance. This law had not gone
into effect when the reports quoted
above were made up.
There are those who would rather
have troubles than nothing to talk