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CHANGING NATU HE'S PLAN.
Always Attended with Trouble, as
t he Paris Flood Shows.
What Julius Caesar said about
Paris. In his "Commentaries on the
Gallic War." Is not without rslevancy
on the present disaster. The lsls?1
on which the Palace of Justice now
stands?wss not a pretty Incident of
the city, ss It Is now. It then held
the whole tribe of Parish. Nearby
them. Caesar explained, were low
lands described as palus perpetua,
which may be translated as "ever
last Ins; swamp." It was evidently
brood enough to carry all excess of
water. But the modern liver, recti?
fied and walled In. has no such re?
course when the water rises pheno?
menally. It simply rushes through
Paris as best It can.
It Is astonishing how much trouble
the human race meets In attempting
to limit the free expression of nature's
own topographic purposes. These
swamps were evidently what were
needed for the periodic overflow of
the stream. Just as the hair pin loops
of a river, flowing through a region
In which the descent is very slow,
prove a necessary "shock absorber."
Through one of these, In the James
River, the famous Dutch Oap was
out first as a military measure, but
long ago turned to the use of peace?
ful commerce. It reveals today na?
ture's disapproval of any attempt at
Interference. To cut the ditch through
the embankment and let the river
resume its Journey was not enough
It at once began to pound out anoth?
er loop on the opposite bank of the
stream, sgalnst which the water
poured at it greatly accelerated pace,
on emerging from the short out.
Government engineers were celled In
and at a huge expense they built a
great stone break-water to protect
the bank from the punishment which
disturbed nature sought to Inflict.
In the Ashevllle region, by damming
a mountain stream, a valley among
this hills, very high above sea level,
'^as been turned Into a beautiful
lake, the higher points of the land
being allowed to remain as wooded
hills; but no sooner had this been ac?
complished than men found that hill?
tops as slevated by nature would not
tolerate being backed with the water
even of a restrained lake. It took dif?
ferent kinds or soil and vegetation to
stand as an Island, and nature Insist?
ed on making the readjustment.
Whenever, as in Parla the natural
means for the diffusion of flood
21st? Is cut oft, man must provide
ns substitute, or In times like this,
suffer very levers penalties. That
Oaasar, nearly 2,000 years ago, ob?
served with such accuracy these to?
pographical conditions on ths very
spot where Paris now stands, shows
how fundamental was the risk whloh
m?n ran In founding a city there.
"Tou have been with your Arm for
long time?" said a man to his old
"Yes." anuwered his friends, with a
patient expression of countenance.
MWhat's your position?"
"I am an employee."
"Tee. but what do you do?"
"Well. I am a doer and the others
are tellers. It's like this. When the
guv-nor wants something done he
tells the cashier, and the cashier tells
the bookkeeper, and the bookkeeper
tells the assistant bookkeeper, and
the assistant bookkeeper tells the
chief clerk and the chief clerk tells
"And what then?"
"Well, 1 haven't anybody to tell, so
I have to d<i it."?ladles' Home Jour?
TAX RETURNS FOR 1910.
OOUNTI AUDITOR SUMTES CO..
PUMTER. H. Oh Deo. 8. 1809.
Nettes, I? hereby given that I will
attend. In person or by deputy, at
the following places on the days In?
dicated, respectively, for the purpose
of receiving returns of real estate,
personal property, and poll tsxes for
the fiscal yea* commencing January
Tlndslls. Tuesday, Jan. 4th.
Privateer. (Jenkins* store,) Wed
nesdny. Jan.* 6th.
Manchester, Levl's, Thursdf.y, Jan.
Wedgefteld. Friday, Jan. 7th.
Ctaremont Depot, Monday. Jan.
?asjaasV Tuesday, Jan. 11th.
Remberts. Wednesday, Jan. 12th.
Dalsell. Thursday, Jan 13ttl.
W. T. Brogdon's Store, Friday.
Msyesvllle. Tuesday, Jan. 18th.
Shlloh. Wednesday, Jan. 11th.
Norwood's X Roads, Thursday,
Oswego, Friday, Jan. 21st.
All persons whose duty It Is to
make returns should be prcmpt to
meet me at these appointments. All
returns most be made before Feb.
J DIOOS WILDER.
Auditor for Sumter Cj.
TRUSTS IN CANADA.
In Dominion Effects of High Duties
Are Provided Against.
It Is the fashion of our protective
tariff atateamen to contend that ex?
cessive dutiea on Imports have noth?
ing to do with the formation of
"trusts and combines," in spite of
the obvious facts; but in Canada that
effect of high duties is recognized in
the tariff law itself and provided
agalnat. A bill haa Just been intro?
duced in the Dominion Parliament
by the government to make this pro?
vision more effective Under the
present Fielding tariff the govern?
or general In council may grant re?
lief by a reduction or removal of du?
ties when it is shown by judicial pro?
cedure that a combination In res?
traint of trad? exists and enhances
prices on account of protection
against foreign competition.
Complaint haa been made that
thia la ineffective on account of the
difficulty and coat of the judicial pro
ceedlnga necessary to obtain relief.
The proposed bill provides a more
expeditious and less expensive meth?
od. Any six persons may present
their grievance before a high court
judge, and if they make out a prlma
facie caae, an Investigation will be
ordered by the court to be made by
a board, consisting of one representa?
tive of the complainants, one of the
alleged combination, and a third
chosen by those two. If either parly
fails to act, the matter will be acted
upon by the minister oi labor, so far
aa i eceasary 'n consulting the
board. The board is to have the
powers of a court of record, and Us
findings are to be published in the
official gazette and furnished to th-:
public press. The relief will be af?
forded by a reduction or removal oi
dutiea If an enhancement of prices la
found to be cauaed by a combi?
nation In restraint of trade, duo to
protection from foreign competition.
In addition to the loss of protection
a penalty is provided for a contin?
uance of the combination or "trusts,"
after the expiration of ten days from
the publication of an adverse finding
In the Canada Gazette, In the shape
of a fine of $1,000 for every day that
it Is continued. If this amendment
should be adopted, aa It la altogether
likely to be, as a government measure
to strengthen the tariff act theru* will
be a prompt and effective way of
dealing with trusts formed to raise
prices under the shelter rf protection
against foreign competition Is left
free, the benflt of protection may be
enjoyed, but when it la put under ie
stralnt by combination the protection
may be taken away.?New York
"Farming on the Murrumbldgee
river, down Noo South Wales way,"
said the sailor. "I was peatered to
death by kangaroos. Every moon?
light night they'd come and eat my
"Well. I put out aome traps, and
one night I landed a fine big kanga?
roo that I named Joe. Joe got to be
quit a pet. He learned to eat out of
my hand, and when the cold weather
came on I rigged him up in one of
my old aallor suits?blue blouse, flat
hat and wide-legged trousers, all com?
"The kangaroos, what had kept
away al! thia time, turned up one
evening, and Juat to see what would
happen I fastened a big dinner bell
around Joe's neck and let him loose.
" 'Clang! clang! clang!'
"Joe made for his friends like a Are
engine. And In the moonlight he look?
ed so weird In his loose suit, flying
through the air with great, free leaps
that the herd took to Its heels with
squeals of fright.
"Like the wind they made off, and
Joe clanged after them. They never
tn.ubld my grain no more. In fact, I
never seen them again but wunst.
That was a morning two days later.
"I was eatin* breakfast, when past
the house flew that whole herd of
kangaroos, 100 or more, at a speed I
never have saw equalled by man
beast or motorcar. Their tonguea
lolled out, their eyes rolled and their
bones fair stuck out of the skin. They
was wrecks. Now and then they
turned their haggard heada to look
back, then tore on at a faster clip
than before. And behind them, with
his clang! clang! and his loose blue
togs, came Sailor Joe.
"Well, the bunch disappeared in a
grove of gum trees, and that waa the
laat I ever heard of them. True, 1 did
*ee in the paper the following spring
that a mound of kangaroo skletons
had been found 800 miles north of
my dugout, and the skeleton on top
of the mound had a dinner bell
around its neck. Could It have been
?Do you know that croup can b?
prevented? (;ive Chamberlain's
Cough Remedy as soon as the child
I eeomes hoarse or even after the
croupy cough appears and It will pre?
vent the attack. It Is also a certain
cure, for croup and has never been
known to fall. Hold by W. W. Si
Successful and fortunate crime is
EGYPTIAN COTTON IN ARIZONA.
Soil and Climate of the Territory
Adapted to its Growing.
Washington, Feb. 21,?The soil
and climate are adaptable to the
successful growing of Egyptian cot?
ton, according to the announcement
of the bureau of Indian affairs of th;
accomplishment of Its experimental
station at Sacaton, near Phoenix,
Ariz. The work has been carried on
for the past two years by the Indian
bureau in connection with the bu?
reau of plant Industry.
Several acres were p anted and as
the result of raising two crops there
is now in the hands of the superin?
tendent of the station 9,000 pounds
of the long staple cotton, which will
be shipped to the Indian bureau In
New York for marketing.
lias President Tuffs Gold On Pub?
lic Confidence Been Weakened?
Now that the first year of Presi?
dent Taff8 administration Is drawing
to a close, members of his party are
asking thlemselves whether the Presi?
dent's record measures up to their
expectations. A certain amount of
disappointment exists, it seems, parti*
cularly in the West. This is indicat?
ed forcibly in the results of a poll of
3,037 Republican editors living west
of the Alleghenles. The Chicago Tri?
bune put to the editors the query: "If
you could vott for President today,
for whom would you cast your bal?
lot?" No names of candidates were
suggested. The editors voted Jhus:
Roosevelt, 1,360; Taft, 1,093; La
Follette, 197; Hughes, 122; Cummins,
66; Plnchot, 30; Cannon, 14; Bryan,
40; scattering, 16.
Thie figures are remarkable, If not
surprising. The actual President lags
In popularity far behind his prede?
cessor. The suggestiveness of the un?
favorable vote Is emphasized by the
votes favoring Plnchot, La Follette
and Cummins, who are prominent ex?
ponents of policies opposed to those
of President Taft. In two-thirds of
th* States it is Roosevelt, no Taft,
who Is endorsed. In the Lake group
of States Roosevelt has 486 votes to
Taffs 427; In the Prairie States, 617
to Taffs 475; on the Pacific Coast, 164
to Taffs 90. Only in the Mountain
States does the President lead, with
66 votes against 64 for the ex-Presi?
dent. Even In Ohio Taft has but 19
votes more than Roosevelt.
Mr. Roosevelt gained In strength to
the close of his administration. Why
is President Taffs hold upon the pub?
lic weaker and weaker as time goes
on? What particular deficiencies has
he shown? The reply, in brief, Is
that he has wabbled in regard to the
tariff, has seemed disposed to secure
'harmony" in the public land ser?
vice by ignoring serious charges, has
proposed centralizing legislation in
regard to Federal Incorporations of
an alarming character, and generally
has failed to exhibit the discretion,
the judicial fairness and higher
statesmanship expected of him.
Very unfavorable Is the view taken
of his Lincoln Day speech at the Re?
publican Club, in which even Republi?
can papers charge that he defended
the Payne tariff like a stump speaker,
not like a statesman. His effort to
show that his party had not promis?
ed "downward revision" smacks of
insincerity. Votes were s:ot for the
party by leading the public?Particu?
larly In the West?to believe that the
tariff burden would be lightened. No
popular enthusiasm could have been
excited by an Intimation that tariff
revision was to be in the interest
solely of the stand-patters. The
New York Journal of Commerce finds
the President's Lincoln Day argu?
ment for the Payne tariff "merely an
echo of the pleas which Aldrlch and
Payne have been proclaiming ever
since the tariff bill was enacted, and
there has been sufficient exposure of
the superficial character of the de?
fense where It is not wholly falla?
cious." The New York Times de?
plores Mr. Taffs "using again the
trumpery figures exposed in all their
falseness long ago, and many times,
to show that the new tariff is a revi?
sion downward." The Philadelphia
North American confesses that two
years ago it hailed Mr. Taft as "a
great American," and "did not begin
to yield to the fear that the Presi
den did not measure up to the re?
quirements of his time until we read
his speech of Saturday. It proved to
be a good stump speech. It was par?
tisan. It was a defense of the mach?
inery and not an appeal to the prin
eiples of the party. It was a national
proclamatlt?u utterly devoid of Ideals.
What Is worse, it was a confession of
probable party defeat In next Novem?
Quotations l'ke these could be mull
plied Indefinitely. They all have this
burden, that the President too nar?
rowly conceives his relation to public
Interests, and falls to measure tip to
the demands of a situation which,
while full of difficulties, is full of op?
portunities for a mnn of strength,
wisdom and patriotism. Baltimore
Investigation of the high cost of
living makes food for thought
abundant. ? Washington Star.
CORRECTING A MISTAKE.
Mother* of Edgefleld Did Not Send
Wreath to Senator TUlinan.
To the Editor of The State:
In your last week's issue you had a
news item which I wish you to cor?
rect. I refer to the sending of a
wreath of hyacinths and crepe to
Senator Tl'lman. This is positively
untrue so far as the mothers of
Edgefleld are concerned. If such a
thing has been done It came from
some Irresponsible source.
The unwarranted use of the names
of Edgefield's mothers Is serious in?
deed. I hope the whole thing is a
mistake. However, as the item has
gone out, please follow It with the In?
dignant denial of the Christian
motherhood of Edgebleld.
Mrs. W. L. Dunovant,
Edgefleld, Feb. 23, 1910.
The Edgefleld corresr- lent of
The State, In regard to ie above
communication, wires that he was
misinformed in regard to it and re?
grets sending the St:.re inaccurate in?
A Flood Of Light On The Alaskan
The remarkable testimony given by
Stephen Birch, managing director of
the Guggenheim syndicate, before
the Senate Committee on Territories
must have opened the eyes of those
who have minimized the importance
of the disclosures In regard to Govern?
ment lands try Alaska.
Time and again have those Interest"
ed denied that the Guggenheims were
backing the Cunningham claimants
for Alaska coal lands. Mr. Birch
admits that the Guggenheims had
agreed to back the Cunningham
claimants. Furthermore, he states
that the Guggenheims were to put
up but $250,000 in money for half
the lands, but were to build a rail?
road to transport the coal to tide?
water. As the claimants were to
pay the Government only a trifling
sum for the lands, It was vehemently
denied that they were of any great
value. Mr. Birch states that the coal
on the Cunningham lands alone is
worth at the lowest estimate $250,
000,000, and that there is $200,000,
000 worth of coal In sight on the
public lands in this one Alaska field
Mr. Birch's testimony also reveals
the working of "high finance." The
Guggenheim syndicate, he says, was
to put in only $250,000 for a half In?
terest, but the company was to be
capitalized at $55,000,000 at once.
He also reveals the method by which
f laimants have been securing Gov?
ernment lands containing valuable
copper deposits. Mr. Birch admits
that entries were made by various
officials and employes, patents to the
lands obtained and then turned over
to the company. The presumption is
that Government lands of Immense
value have thus been secured for a
Mr. Ballinger Is known to have
been the attorney for the Cunning?
ham interests. As soon as he re?
signed as Commissioner of the Gen?
eral Land Office he began, it is
asserted, to press these claims. Ac?
cording to the testimony of Agent
Louis R. Glavis. on'y the most vigor?
ous protest prevented Ballinger's
"clear listing" the claims when he
was Commissioner. It is, at least, an
unpleasant coincidence that Mr. Bal?
linger was appointed Secretary of the
Interior, an official whose special
duty is the protection of the public
domain, and that the effort to push
through the Cunningham claims was
renewed so actively as soon as he got
With Senator Simon Guggenheim,
one of the members of the syndicate,
in the United States Senate; with the
former attorney for the Cunning?
ham claimants Secretary of the In?
terior; with Mr. Ballinger's close
friend, Fred Dennett, Commissioner
of the General 7.and Office; with
Senator Heyburn. who . had partly
promised to act counsel for Mr.
Cunningham, in the Senate, and a
sprinkling of Congressmen casting
longing eyes toward Alaska, the Cun?
ningham claimants were not likely
to suffer for lack of friends at court.
?If troubled with Indigestion, con?
stipation, no appetite or feel bilious,
give Chamberlain's Stomach and Liv?
er Tablets a trial and you will he
pleased with the result. These tab?
lets Invigorate the stomach and liver
and strengthen the digestion. Sold
by W. W. Slbrt.
Any way, woman will never amount
to much in politics until she gives up
the idea that hiding her door key un?
der the foot mat baffles burglars.
One hippopatamus more or less will
never be missed by a teiintl cabinet.
?A few minutes delay In treating
some cases of croup, even the length
of time It takes to go for a doctor
often proves dangeroua The safest
way Is to keep Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy in the house, and at the first
indication of croup give the child a
dose. Pleasant to take and always
cures. Sold by W. W. Slbert.
ALCOHOL 3 PER^Sr^i
siraiiaring the FbodandRegula
ttngrjte Stomachs andBowebof
ness and Rest.Con tains ndttar
him Seed -
Aperfect Remedy forConsflpa
tlon, Sour Stomach,Diarrhoea.
ness and Loss OF Sleep.
Facsimile Signature of
For Infants and Children,
The Kind You Have
Always Bought m
Atb months old
J5 Doses -35CEHIS
Exact Copy of Wrapper,
TMS OCRTMIB COM PA* T, NC? TON? CITf.
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5 W. Liberty St. Sumter, S. C.
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The man who works, keeps his eves open
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Bank of Sumter.