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Cj>t ?Safcjnnim mti ^outturn
SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1910.
The Sum tor Watchman was found?
ed la lilt and the True Southron tn
III?. The Watchman and Southron
tow ha* the combined circulation and
tanveno? of both of the old papers.
aaW le manifestly the b??t advertising
?B? dum In Burnt er.
That the women of Bdgefleld did
not send that wreath of crepe-tled
hyacinths to Senatot Till man It
greatly to their credit.
? ? i
f w can the legislature be held re
spo ilble for the failure of the re?
gen, or superintendent to visit or
Inspect oertaln wards of the Aaylum
within s period of four years, even
though it failed to appropriate in for?
mer years all the money that could
have been used by the Asylum? Ac?
cording to sworn testimony the dis?
graceful conditions ezlittlng were due
as much or more to neglect on the
part of the aaylum officials as to the
lack of money. But as the legislature
to a convenient tcape-goat It will have
to bear the blame.
? a ' ?
Following on the heels of the Semi ?
nole scandal the suits against the Car
oilna Olassj Co., and the Riculand Die.
tillery will cause additional annoyano
to prominent cltlsens of Columbia.
esg-1 - _-_u-i.-jg
From The Dally Item. Feb. 24.
?*Cltlaen." who wrote a piece for tho
paper yeaterday. asserts that "buslnesi
has Improved since the closing of th?
d'epensary. which shows that less
money li spent for whiskey than for?
merly," which Is a lame and Impo?
tent conclusion. Business has un?
doubtedly Improved since the dispen?
sary waa closed last fall, but this does
not prove* beyond the shadow of a
doubt, that less money is spent for
whlakey than formerly. It would be
str?ng?. Indeed, If business had not
Improved since the closing of the dis?
pensary, which was co-incident with
the opening of the cotton season and
such a season Is the South has not
known In many years. The average
price of cotton since the closing of the
dispensary has been higher than the
average for any season since 1890?if
oar recollection la not at fault?and
there has consequently been more
money to spend, therefore business
had to Improve, even though 4^re
had been no decrease In the amount
?pant for whlakey. Business has im?
proved In Florence. Bichland. Char
laaton and other dispensary counties,
aa a result of the general prosperity
of the county, not on account of the
continuance of the dispensary, al?
though men are to be found who will
aaaert wHh dogmatic positlvenes* that
the dispensary la a great trade in?
duce r. In our opinion the conclusion
reached by "Cttlaen" is as far from
the truth aa la that of the man who
believes a dispensary attracts a large
and desirable trade to a town. The
truth is to be found somewhere be?
tween these extremes. We do not
know and have no means of ascertain?
ing accurately how much liquor is
now coming Into Sumter county, but
we are informed and believe that a
great deal la brought in. Every freight
and expreaa office In the county la
handling a great deal of liquor. While
the aggregate amount la unquestion?
ably large It dovt not seem reasonable
that it can equal or exceed the total
aalea made by the dispensary. Our
observation la that there haa been less
public drunkenneaa In Sumter since
the closing of the dispensary and
there have been fewer arrests by the
police, and In this respect conditions
are Improved. But on the other hand
liquor la being aold in thla city and
at many other places In the county,
the disrespect for and defiance of the
law Is Increaaing. The city and coun?
ty officials whose duty It Is to appre?
hend law-breakers cannot or do not
enforce the law against the sale of
liquor and the people who patronize
the liquor sellers, many of whom are
professed prohibitionists and voted for
the abolition of the dispensary, will
not furnish the evidence necessary to
convict the blind tigers. So there we
are?liquor selling la Increaaing, as
even the real prohibitionists reluctant?
ly admit, and nothing Is being done to
enforce the law and make It effective
"Citizen's" comments on the aoclal
clubs la another matter entirely. Aa
We understand the law the cluba have
a perfect right to exist and their mem?
bers have a right to order liquor and
keep It in the club rooms and use It
aa they aee fit. Aa long aa they com?
ply with the law they cannot be inter?
fered with, but If It can be proven
that the eluba are aelltng liquor to
outsiders or otherwise violating the
law they can be closed up and the In?
dividuals responsible for the sale of.
liquor in h>- punished. If the facts;
establishing the guilt of the managers
of any club or clubs ure known and
ran be proven In court the remedy for j
the evils complained Of by "Citizen" 1?
The baseball schedules are being
discussed and adopted. This Is a
sign of approaching Spring which Is
not to be denied.?Troy Record.
Farmers' Union News
Practical Thoughts for Practical Farmers
(Conducted by E. \V. Dabbs, President Farmers' Union of Sumter
The Watchman and Southron having decided to double ita service by
aeml-weekly publication, would improve that service by special features.
The first to bs Inaugurated la this Department for the Farmers' Union and
Practical Farmers which I have been requeated to conduct It will be my
aim to give the Union news and official calls of the Union. To that end
officers, and msmbers of the Union are requeated to use these oolumns.
Also to publish such clippings from the agricultural papers and Govern?
ment Bulletins as I thlnl will be of practical benefit to our readers. Ori?
ginal articles by any of o?<r readers telling of their successes or failures
will be appreciated and | ubllshed.
Trusting this Department will be of mutual benefit to all concerned,
All communications for tl is Department should be sent to E. W. Dabbs.
Mayesvllle, 8. C.
Boys* Corn Clubs.
Although grown people are very
naturally disposed to take a patroniz?
ing view of the Boys' Corn club idea,
It is proper to remind them that the
experiment Is anyth ing but a Joke. On
several thousand acres worked by the
boys throughout the south last year,
the average yield was well up into 70
bushels, while the average yield made
by the daddies of the boys, was only
something over fourteen bushels.
Prof. Williams in telling about what
was achieved in the State last year,
cited the case of a father in Claren?
don county, who was unwlllng to al?
low h's boy to go into the contest on
the ground, "that those book prof?
essors couldn't tell nobody how to
farm," and it was not until the far?
mer had been talked to and pursuad
ed by the local ml alster, that the boy
waa premltted to ?.ry. The boy went
to work under the instructions fur?
nished from the agricultural depart?
ment, and the father went on with his
time-tired, superior methods to beat
his son all to pieces. The boy made
something over 100 bushels on his
acre, and the father made a little
over thirty bushels. The boy was the
winner of the prize for the county. I
On the day the contest was decided1
the father was very much in evidence* |
bragging on what "he and John" had
accomplished; but declared that they
had not been more than half trying,
and that the next, year they would
show people how to made corn eure
enough. It Is a f-ict that there were
many casea throughout the state last
year, where boys who worked in ac?
cordance Wtth the instructions of the
agricultural department made more
corn than did their fathers working
along the line of old methods; but,
of course, the boj-s did not do any
better, as rule or ven as well as the
grown up farmers, who faithfully fol?
lowed the Instructions of the demons?
tration work.?Torkvllle Enquirer.
Specialty in Cotton Growing.
When a man succeeds in a special
line the people should know of the
fact, and learning of It they should j
investigate the methods and emulate j
his example for good.
Some four years ago there came to
our community to gentlemen, Mr.
Nathan Smith, of Paulding county,
and his son, Henry, who was living
in Folk county. Nathan, the elder Is
now 63 years old, Henry is 37. They
live about two miles north of town,
on the Ruben Gaines farm.
These gentlemen have made a spe?
cialty of raising corn. They have
studied closely all the methods of
corn culture, and have succeeded so
well that their com crop is sought
after by aced men. This last crop
has Just been shipped to one of the
South's leading seed men, and the
corn raised here will be distributed
over the United States.
In 1908 2,000 bushels were sold,
the last crop, 1909, amount to 2,
263 bushels when It was shelled and
sacked.. They have over BOO bushels
yet on hand.
These gentlemen believe in raising
all the necessities at home. Nathan
Smith has never bought but 10 bush?
els of corn, and Henry has the record
of buying only 30.
Nut only do these men have corn,
but make it a point to raise all the
meat for home use and some to sell.
They have 2,683 pounds dried and
ready for use now.
Cotton they regard as a surplus
crop. The past season they raised 12
bales of cotton, which they sold at
13 to 14 1-2 cents per pound.
They go In for diversification and
sow wheat, oats and other grain.
It does the Banner good to give
praise to the Smith's and we hope
that others of our farmers will take
up diversification and especially the
growing of more gram. Take to pro?
ducing the necessary things and high
prices would give us no concern.
The man who has his corn crib
full, his garner overflowing with
grain and his smokehouse hung tlflck
with nice smoked, brown hams,
needs to care but little for trusts,
combinations and other things that
disturb the dependent.
SOY BEAN VS. COTTON SEED.
Seventy Ships Chartered to Supply
New York Commercial.
Out In Machurla they are growing
a bean to compete with cotton seed,
and so lustily does this same bean
grow out there that it was reported
in Vladivostok when August Held left
there on the last trans-Siberian ex?
press connecting with a steamship at
Hamburg, that between 60 and 70
ships have been chartered to ship
the beans to Denmark, France, Eng?
land and Qermany, between the first
of last October and May 1 next.
Mr. Held has been In Vladivostok
for a year establishing an agency
there for the International Harvester
Company and he arrived on the Amer?
ika yesterday, accompanied by W. W.
Couchman, manager of the company
?The Soy bean," said Mr. Held at
the Hotel Manhattan, "has been men?
tioned several times In consular re?
ports, though In an Industrial way, It
I Is an entrlely new article. It Is about
the size of the ordinary white bean,
but flatter and yellow in color. The
soil for the beans doesn't have to be
very fertile and Manchuria Is rais?
ing an enormous quantity. They
press the oil out, and this will come
into competition with cotton seed oil
In many ways. The residue, which
they call bean cake, is used for food
for animals and for fertilizer.
"From all I could gather, business
has not been so active at Vladivostok
as It was before the war. But the
town is the only far eastern seaport
of any size that Russia has, and it is
bound to become a good business cen?
tre. Much of the exports of Man?
churia is shipped through it.
"Immediately about Vladivostok,
the scenery is like that of Italy or
Switzerland. There are 65 American
residents there, some In business for
themselves and some busy looking up
mining and oil propositions and
everything In the way of an enterprise
that an American goes after. There
are perhaps 600 or 700 Germans,
from 25 to 30 Englishmen, a few
French, some Italians and some
"Of the regular population of the
town, about 50,000 are Russians, 20,
000 Chinese and from 12,000 to 15,
000 Coreans and Japanese. The gar?
rison varies in number but is usually
from 20,000 to 30,000 men.
"Many of the Japanese around
there do business in a small way. The
biggest business men are the Chinese.
In fact, I believe there are more big
Chinese merchants than Russian in
THE PECAN NUT.
A Crop Which Brings in Much Mon?
ey in the South.
Certalnt'y the most interesting spe?
cialty in Southern horticulture at
present is the growing of pecans,
says a writer in the Country Gentle?
man. The writer had pointed out to
him recently by a thoroughly trust?
worthy man a fine pecan tree in
Raleigh, N. C, which the Informant
said yielded $100 worth of nuts last
year. That is, there were sold from
the tree pecans to the amount of
1100, besides supplying the family
with all the nuts they wanted for
home consumption. The tree stood
on an ordinary city lot and would
pass all summer for a first-class
shade tree. This, of course, was an
unusual specimen, and to argue from
this single tree to whole orchards of
peeans bearing $100 worth of nuts
apiece every year would be going In?
to the real estate business too hard.
Yet the fact Is significant; and it is
a fact further that pecan trees do
frequently make themselves highly
profitable There are a few commer?
cial plantations which have actually
succeeded; and more there is a large
promise of more. The business of
pecan growing has been given a
black eye to some extent by specu?
lative companies organized by pecan
growers, but really interested only in
selling land, or corporation shares.
However, In its own way, the grow?
ing of pecans in Louisiana or Miss?
issippi U just as legitimate, just as
promising, and even as profitable as
the growing of apples in Michigan or
of peaches In. Connecticut.
The pecan, unlike the apple and
the peach, is a native of our soil and
of the region where it is now being
planted. It inhabits the Southern
States, particularly those bordering
on the gulf< it la found native as .r.
north as Iowa and Indiana and does
well in Oklahoma. It appears to be
the most at home in Mississippi,
Louisiana and Texas, though the re?
gion of commercial culture, Includes
Georgia, Florida, the Carolinas, Tenn?
essee, the Arkansas, Oklahoma and
parts of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana,
Kentucky and West Virginia?possi?
In the way of soils, the pecan Is by
no means fastidious. Prof. W. N.
H?tt, In a recent bulletin on pecan
culture from the North Carolina
board of agriculture, says that "the
pecan is almost as cosmopolitan as
the strawberry." It prefers the deep
alluvial soils of river bottoms, but
will grow even on high and fairly
dry land. Much of the land now re?
turning a regular and reliable an?
nual loss under cotton culture is ad?
mirably adapted to the growth of
pecan trees. Some of the most en?
terprising planters in the South are
changing such, fields from cotton to
pecan orchards, cultivating cotton
between the rows of trees for the first
One of the difficulties about going
into the pecan business on a large
scale (outside of the land company's
prospectus) comes into the high cost
of nursery stock. While apple orch
Ists are getting their nursery trees at
$12 to $14 a 100, and often cheaper,
and while thousands of peach trees
have been sold in recent years as low
as $5 a 100, good budded pecan trees
average about $1 apiece and some
times costs as much as $2 and $3
each. Thlc high cost, however, la
necessary to the business, as the
growing of the trees In the nursery
Is very difficult and expensive. There
Is no probability that the cost will
ever be much lower. Unfortunately
this expense drives a good many men
to plant seeding trees?a practice to
be everywhere condemned. There Is
no more excuse for planting orchards
of seedling pecans than of seedling
apples or seeding peaches. The
trees are also hard to transplant anc
a considerable proportion, even ir
good circumstances, often scrub along
for years more dead than alive. It
Is not so easy to start an even uni?
form hustling orchard of pecans as
of Baldwin apples or Elberta peach?
Kicked by The Elephan.
"Among Lincoln's circua stories,"
said a Cincinnati veteran, "was one
about a Delaware tough.
"A circus, Lincoln's story ran, vis?
ited Newcastle, and the town tough
turned out the afternoon of Its arrival
to see what sort of a circus it was.
"A canvasman, making his usual
round, shouted off the guyropes, there!
Off the guyropes!' came suddenly on
the town tough, who was leaning
against the canvas tent wall In the
sun, smoking a corncob.
" *Ye wuzn't talkln' to me, wuz ye,
stranger?' said the tough, hunching
up his shoulders very wickedly.
" 'Oh, no, sir,' said the canvasman,
frightened by the tough's size. 'I only
just wanted to warn vou, sir, that
it's a little dangerous to lean against
the tent that way, as the elephant
might kick you, sir.
'The tough snorted with contempt
" 'Drat yer elephant!' he growled,
'I'll clean out the hull show, elephant
an* all, If ye give me any of yer lip.
"The canvasman slunk off humbly
and a few minutes later went Inside
and told the boss. The boss, who
weighed over 200 and stood 6 feet 6
in his socks, chuckled and took up
one of the enormous mallets used to
drive in tent pegs.
" 'Show me where he's leaning,"
was all he said.
"The canvasman led the boss to the
place where the tough's form made a
long, oval dent in the tent. The boss
chuckling again, fixed his eyes on that
spot, just below the tough's coat-tails,
where the dent was deepest, and
swinging the mallet twice around his
head he struck with all his might.
"There was a dull thud, a cry of
pain and fear, and the tough leaped
ten feet, then made off down the road
as fast as he could run.
I " 'What's the matter, Peleg?' the
inhabitants shouted as he tore
through the town.
" 'Been kicked by the elephant.' he
replied."?Detroit Free Pres.
35 tons fresh from the mills. Beat
and Cheapest Feed for Horses, Cows
and Hogs you can buy. Booth-Har
by Live Stock Co., Sumter S. C.
Honest labor bears a lovely face.
How Patrick (Henry Died.
For centuries the world has ad
ired the calmness and fortitude of
rates in the presence of death,
but if Socrates died like a philoso?
pher, Patrick Henry died like a
Christian. In his last illness, all oth?
er remedies having: failed, his physi?
cian, Doctor Cobell, proceeded to ad?
minister to him a dose of liquid mer?
cury. Taking- the vial In his hand,
and looking at it for a moment, the
dying man said:
"I suppose, doctor, this is your last
"I am sorry to say, governor, that
"What will be the effect of the
"It will give you immediate relief,
orW The doctor could not finish the
His patient took up the word:
"You mean, doctor, that it will give
relief or will prove fatal Immediate?
"You can live only a very short
time without It," the doctor answer?
ed, "and It may possibly relieve you.''
Then the old statesman said:
"Excuse me, doctor, for a few min?
utes," and drawing over his eyes a
silken cap yhich he usually wore, and
still holding the vial in his hand, he
prayed In clear words a simple child?
like prayer for his family, for his
country, and for his own soul, then
In the presence of death. After?
ward, In perfect calmness, he swal?
lowed the medicines.
Meanwhile Doctor Cobell, who
greatly loved him, went out upon the
lawn, and In his grief threw himself
down upon the earth under one of
the trees, and wept bitterly. Soon,
when he had sufficiently mastered
himself, the doctor returned to his
patient, whom he found calmly
watching the congealing of the blood
under his finger-nails, and speaking
words of love and peace to his family,
who were weeping round his chair.
Among other things, he told them
that he was thankful for that good?
ness of God which, having blessed
him nrough all his life, was then
?ermitting him to die without any
pain. Finally, fixing his eyes with
much tenderness upon his dear
friend, Doctor Cobell, with whom he
had formerly held many arguments
respecting the Christian religion, he
asked the doctor to observe how great
a reality and benefit that religion
was to a man about to die.
And after Patrick Henry had spok?
en these few words in praise of some?
thing which having never failed him
in his life before, did not then fail
him in his very last need of It, he
continued to breathe very softly for
some moments, after which they who
were looking upon him saw that his
life had departed.?Youth's Com?
The methods adopted by the de?
tectives and police of some cities,
commonly known as the "third de?
gree," which compells the utterance
of material evidence under nerve
racking stratn, possesses much that is
inhuman?even barbaric, and it Is
well to see that the highest court of
the States of Washington has re?
cently placed the third degree on the
shelf In setting aside a conviction in
a felony cose where It was proved
: that a material witness under threats
I of a prosecuting officer testified as
that officer suggested. This tribunal
j held that It were better by far that
i criminals should escaj* punishment
than that the courts sihould condone
! such proceedings as were the back
1 bone of the third degre??.
A workman that needeth not to be
ashamed.?11 Timothy, xt, 15.
Excursion Rates to Charleston, S. C.
Account STEAMSHIP EXCURSION TO PANAMA and return, leaving
Charleston, 8. C, March 5th. 1010, the Southern Railway announces very low
round trip rates from all points in South Carolina. Including Augusta, tia.. to
Charleston^. C. Tickets will be on sale March 4th, and for trains scheduled
to arrive Charleston before 1:00 P. M.. Mafch 5th, good to leave Charleston re
turning, up to -in<! Including, but n?tigtet tbar. astdnlgfet March 59th wio.
Tor fur: i??'rin?(rmuru>n, tickets, apply to S >uthrrn Railway klokalt
agents, ow addreaa.
J. E. MEEK, W. E. McGEE,
Asst. Gen'l. Pas. Agt. Division Pas. Agent,
Atlanta, Ga. Charleston, S. C.
Another lot of All
Linen Torchon Laces.
About 2,000 Yards,
values up to 10c.
Our advertising price