Newspaper Page Text
FSY LETTERS FROM OUR SPE?
|MM of Interest Prom oil Part? of
samtrr aad Adjoining Counties.
NOTICE TO CORRESPONDENTS.
Moll your Isttsrs so that they will
this office not later than Mon
when Intended for Wednesday's
and not later than Thursday
iturdar's lasus. This, of course,
only to regular oorreepond
In oaas of item? of unusual
ralos, ssnd In Immediately by
telephone or telegraph. Sueh
stories ats acceptable up to the
Of going to prose. Wednesday's
Is printsd Tuesday afternoon
sjsji Saturday's paper Friday efier
Stateburg. Feb. 21.?Prof. J. F.
Williams spent Monday and Tuesday
la Columbia, attending a meeting of
the agents of ths Demonstration
Farm Work In South Carolina.
On last Friday afternoon little Miss
Henrietta Dargan celebrated hsr 11th
birthday by having her school-mates
spend the hours from four to six with
her. After many Interesting games
had been participated In by the little
boys and girls, delightful refreshments
Mr. 8. Oliver Plowden spent the
week-end at Ms home In Clarendon.
1 Mr. R. M. Cantey has rsturned
teams after a business trip to Qreeley
Prof. Eduard Dufour spent Tuesday
atu* Wednesday at Hagood with Mr. T.
P. Sanders, and Friday and Saturday
at the home of Dr. F. M. Dwlght near
SMITH V ILLS.
Smtthvllle, Feb. It.?-Mr. L. S. Vln
aon <s quite sick. .
Mr. and Mrs. T. C. Robertson spent
last Friday with relatives at Herrlots.
Mr. J. L. Shiver and Mr. J. W. Rob?
ertson went to Blshopvillo one day last
Mr. D. J. Robertson went to Sumter
Wednesday afternoon to attend a
ting of the W. O. W.
Mr. and Mrs. W. H. Shiver, Misses
Letha McLeod and Tessle Hatfleld.
Messrs. J. L and Charlie Shiver visit?
ed at Mr. J. W. Robertson's on laat
ffr edge field. Feb. It.?Washington's
birthday was observed by the school
here yesterday, all recitations being
suspended and teachers and scholars
spent the day preparing for the exer?
cises In the auditorium which began
at four o'clock. Ths following Pro?
gramms, which was very appropriate
for the occasion was enjoyed by quite
a large number of patrons and frlenda
of ths school:
Responsive Roll Call.
Quotations?High School Depart?
Washington's Rules of Conduct?
Recitation?"A Olrl'a Point of View"
Recitation?"Tribute to Washing?
ton" Jen-ni. Weinberg.
Flag Play?Five Qlrls from Inter?
Recitation?"Mt. Vernon Bells"?
Address?Mr. F. Ellott Thomaa.
Song?"Red. White and Blue."
At ths conclusion of the exercises
refreshments were served by the
School Improvement Society which
netted quite a nice little ?um.
Tbl? was the first time the auditor?
ium has been uaed aince the opera
chairs were put In. The chairs add
so much to Its comfort and looks.
The committee Is Indebted to the
local School Improvement Association,
coupled with the untiring efforts of the
present corps of teachers, Prof. Mc?
Millan and Misses Harrington and
Plckens for many Improvemenst In
ths school building during the past
Mr. A. E. Aycock returned from a
business trip to Haltlmore on Sunday
He was accompanied by his son, Al?
The ?torm of la?t Friday night was
quite severe here. Several large oaks
on the Ststeburg road were blown
across the road. The residence of Mrs.
Carrie Brohun which hasn't been
completed was dsmaged considerably
by* one of the chimneys being blown
over on ths roc and breaking
Mr. A. E. Aycock, Jr., will return
to Columbia tomorrow where he will
resume his studies at the South Caro?
Messrs. M. M. MslUtt and Alex
TreubUfleld, who wars on the sick
list during the holidays and since, are
able to be out again.
Mr. H. C. Strange has returned
from the Sumter Hospital where he
underwent a successful operation for
Dr. M. L. Parier has purchased a
new two-seated Ford automobile and
is better prepared now to practice his
profession more than ever.
Egypt. Feb. 23.?For several days
farm work has been at a standstill,
and It is yet too wet for any work.
Oats are slowly improving from the
effects of the cold.
Messrs. Lawrence White and Reg?
gie McCutchen spent yesterday in
Misses Luc He and Eva Britton and
Annie Blake Fletcher of Westvil'e
spent several days of last week with
the former's father, Dr. C. S. Britton
of this place.
Mr. J. W. Weldon spent Monday In
Miss Julia Schroder has returned to
Camden after a week's visit with
Messrs. John K. McLeod and Char?
lie Young, of Rembert, spent yester?
day in Egypt.
Miss Irene Weldon is visiting
friends in Blshopvllle.
On last Thursday afternoon Mr.
Sumter Boykin, of Antloch and Miss
Ines Boseman, of Darlington, were
married at Antloch church, Rev.
Mr. C. P. Chewnlng, accompanied
by a few friends and Rev. R. E. Sharp
went to Blaney yesterday to claim as
his bride, Miss Ruth Sessions, the
charming and attractive young daugh?
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Thos. C. Sessions,
of that place. The bride who is very
popular among her many friends at
her home will be at welcome addition
to our community. We extend our
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Weldon and
Miss Dot Napier were in Camden
Mrs. A. B. White Is very sick at
Mr. J. R. McLeod spent last Sat?
urday In Camden.
Mr. J. K. Richbourg spent last Fri?
day in Blshopvllle.
Rev. Sharp filled his regular ap?
pointment at St. John's Sunday after?
noon. Mr. Sharp Is much liked by hi*
p/oplf and one can hear many com?
pliments paid him on every side.
Only a few days and our bird hun?
ters will have to take a rest or let the
Mr. W. T. McLeod Is preparing to
put up a saw mill. When put In or?
der it will make the fourth one in a
square of two miles.
Mrs. M. C. Brown and Mrs. J. E.
Wilson, of Smithvllle, spent last
Thursday In Egypt.
Miss Ethel Anderson after several
days visit to her sister, Mrs. J. T.
Munnerlyn has returned to her home
Perputuatlon of the Coal Supply.
Until recently there has been little
thought of economy In coal product
Ion or utilization. For every ton
mined another ton or more has been
waste*] either in the shape ofy coal
dust or slack, or coal left In the
ground. Mining methods have,
however, Improved, and the loss nov
amou its to 40 per cent., as against
60 pe:* cent., a short time ago. In
many mines as high as 75 per cent.,
of tho coal is recovered. Likewise
much higher efficiency is being se?
cured in the utilization of the coal.
A single example will serve to show
the p)slhilltles In this line.
In extensive experiments made by
?he Technologic branch of the United
States Geological' Survey Is has been
found that by first converting the
coal into gus and then using it in a
gas engine double and in some in?
stances over three times the efficiency
can be secured that is achieved under
the ordinary steam boiler. For in?
dustrial purposes, therefore, we at
one step practically double, if not
trebl?, the coal area of the country.
Moreover, the sensational discovery
was made by the Survey test that
the low-grade lignite of the North?
west and Texas, underlying an area
of sime 100,000,000 acres, when
used in gas engines, developed more
powe" than the best Pocahontaa coal
under ordinary steam methods. From
the Pocahontas coal the Geological
Survey steam plant produced .28
horse power per pound, while the gas
producer generated .96 horse-power
per pound, or 3.3?i times the efficiency
for the gas-producer plant over the
steam plant. These llgnitic coal3
have been looked upon as of little if
any commercial value; now the re?
gions where they are found are con?
sidered as possible great industrial
cent! es.?Review of Reviews.
The bill Introduced into Congress
for Federal control of automobiles Is
the latest example of the Intolerable
Itch for enacting laws?Philadelphia
Iset the Republican State committee
of New York cheer up. It isn't the
first that has got into trouble by
playing bridge for money.?Indlana
THE PHICE OF COTTON.
Frank 1). Haytic Shows That Mills
Continue to Take Proportionately
More Than Han Been Produced?
Says Dot lines Are Not Justified.
New Orleans, F*eb. 24.?Frank B.
Hayne, who during a period of years
past, has consistently fought for high?
er cotton price levels, issued a sicned
statement today which evidences a
keen insight into cotton supply and
requirement conditions, and, In the
opinion of local cotton men, should
go a long way toward reassuring the
owners of the remnant In the belief
that every bale of the available supply
and more will be needed by the mills
before the next crop begins to move.
Mr. Hayne says:
"On Friday, Feruary 10th, Mr. Has?
ter posted 213,000 baes of cotton as
the spinners takings for the week end?
ing on that date which, being consid?
erably less than the spinners takings
for the same week last year, and the
year previous, immediately caused a
sharp decline in the market on Fri?
day of 19 points and a still further de?
cline on Saturday of 37 points. I con?
sider this decline entirely unwarrant?
ed, In fact I consider last Friday's fig?
ures extrei ely bullish, and I submit
the following figures to prove that I
have some right to be of that opinion:
Visible supply, Sept. 1, 1909 1,472,000
Estimated crop, Including
Unters, re-packs and 150,
000 to 200,000 bales of
new crop cotton.10,500,000
Mill takings to Feb. 18, 1910 6,517,000
Supply available to Aug. 31,
"As there are 28 weeks more until
August 31, 1910, this means that if
the mills only were to take 194,000
bales per week during that time, there
woiild not be a bale of cotton left in
the visible supply, and the three great
future markets, Liverpool, New Or?
leans and New York would be without
a pound of cotton to fulfill their out?
standing contracts. If the mills were
to continue to take what they did last
week, there would not be a bale of
cotton left after August 10th, 1910,
but as a voluminous circular writer
has recently stated: 4 A minus quantity
is, in reality, unthinkable, and exists
only as a mathematical abstraction,'
therefore, it is a mater of impossibili?
ty for the mills to take even as small
a quantity as 194,000 bales per week,
and as, during the first 24 weeks of
this season they have taken an aver?
age of 270,000 bales per week, I con?
fess that I am one of those who, ac?
cording to another circular writer: 'is
hypnotized into the belief in a cotton
Rotation of Crops.
Prof. D. N. Barrow, is making ex?
cellent talks to the farmers which
are full of practical suggestions.
Yesterday he talked about rotation
of crops, which Is an Important step
In soli Improvement. We propose to
exhort a little on that subject, so
that our readers, who did not hear
him, may be Jolted a little just to
set them to thinking.
Seventy-five years ago, before the
day of commercial fertilizer, farm?
ers would often let a field rest a
year, as though It was tired or had
lost its producing power. But they
have learned a better way to renew
the productivity of land. They know
how, but many of them are too care?
less and negligent to do as well as
These remarks apply to upland.
Take a two-horse farm of 40 acres
for example. Put 12 acres in corn,
12 in small grain and 12 in cotton.
Four acres wiy be left for potatoes,
sorgum and hog food. These farmers
who have been workmg 30 to 25
acres with one mule will be ready to
say that 40 acres is not a two-horse
See how it will work. When the
land is improved by rotation and
deep plowing, the yield will be 60
bushels of corn to the acre, 12 500
pound bales of cotton, 250 bushels of
oats and 100 bushels of wheat. Thatj
Is no idle dream. It can be done, and
it is going to be done on many farms
before 1920. Besides that, there
will be sorghum and pine vine hay
enough to carry the stock through
the winter, while the fodder and
straw will be valuable feed. Fat hogs
and fine milch cows will surely come
with the rest.
That is Just what a wise rotation
of crops wll lead up to. Get the plan
in your head at once and keep it
there. A corn crop with peas plant?
ed or sown at laylng-by time; small
grain, followed by peas; cotton, with
a cover crop sown In September or
October. The four acre lot for po?
tatoes, sorghum and truck should be
so managed and manured that some?
thing should be growing on it all the
time. In the fall every little corner
of land about the lot or house should
be sown in crimson clover, rye or
barley, so that calves, pigs and chick?
ens may have a green pasture all the
We farmers think we are getting
pretty smart, but we have not half
done our best. We are Just begln
DISPENSARY BOARD TO MEET. !
Winding-Dp Commission Not Yet
Through Its Work.
Columbia, February 22.?That the
winding-up commission may probe
alleged irregularities in certain whis?
key houses that have not yet come
under the ban of legls'ation is the
statement made in connection with 1
the announcement that the dispen?
sary commission is called to meet
tomorrow. The investigation may
en take the range of an examina
on into the affairs of firms that have
not even any claims aaginst county
dispensaries. The powers given un?
der the enactment of the General As
mbly just passed makes the in
estlgation possible, as there is a
clause that ten days' notice is all that
111 be necessary in the case of these
hiskey firms, after which notice the
commission would be free to render
WHY DENMARK ACCEPTED
Maurice E. Kgan Explains Why Ills
Statements Were \ocepted.
Why Denmark in general and Co
enhagen in particular accepted the
statements of Dr. Frederick A. Cook
that he had discovered the north
pole, was explained by Maurice E.
Egan, United States minister to that
country, who Is making a brief visit
in St. Paul.
"The North Pole is looked upon as
standing in the front yard of Den?
mark," Mr. Egan said. "Little Dan?
ish children are brought up i lies
of exploration. To them the si.idy of
the arctic Is like the study of fairy
tales to the children of America, or
f the study of the Ii e of George
"Americans are the most popular
of foreign people In Denmark, and
when a reputable explorer, as Dr.
Cook was believed to be, arrived on
the Danish shore and announced he
had found the pole, the people met
him with acclaim and gloried in his
conquest. His announcement touched
the subject nearest their hearts. He
was banqueted and feasted. Proofs
of his discovery were not asked for
because it is not customery to ask
for them. His statements were ac?
cepted without question.
"Because of these conditions Dr.
Cook's statements were accepted un?
til the scientists made their report
on his records. And, mind you the
scientists had not attempted to dis?
credit his statements. They merely
have said, 'We do not find proof that
he has reached the pole.'
"If more data were brought, if Dr.
Cook should go to Etah and return
with the Eskimos, they would reopen
the case and give him further hear?
ing. The Danish people are gentle?
manly and unless the fact that Dr.
Cook had not reached the pole was
glaringly apparent, the scientists
would not accuse him of lying."
Mr. Egan said the report that the
King of Denmark was angered with
him for Inducing him to decorate Dr.
Cook was untrue.
"A New "York paper printed a dis?
patch," he said, "which stated that
King Christian was incensed because
I had foisted Dr. Cook upon them.
The truth of the matter is that King
Christi in has ben dead for three
and t, half years and that King Fred
erich, who now rules the nation, did
not decorate Dr. Cook at all."?.St.
A "Hot Dog" Lunch.
While G. E. Sewright was eating a
weinerwurst, Commonly known as a
"hot dog," he bit something metallic.
It proved to be dog license No. 4,
413. Sewright then denounced the
beef trust, that raised prices to such
a height that a restaurant keeper
can't afford to serve anything but
dog, and tried to thrash the waiter
who served the wiener and the cook
who prepared it. The police quelled
the riot, whereupon Sewright went to
the city hall and asked the license
clerk whose dog was numbered 1,
413. The clerk looked through his
records, and replied: "Miss Anna
Bell, 300 1-2 South Angeles street;
a female Scotch terrier. Why?" Se?
wright said: "I've eaten her. Better
cancel the record." Miss Bell said
she lost her dog three weeks ago.
The restaurant keeper that served
the Wienerwurst with dog license
trimmings avers that the food was
bought in the regular way. Sewright
has foresworn wieners, and Miss
Hell has cancelled the reward she
offered for her dog.
Ride not a free horse to death.?
There is no chance for a quarrel
with Explorer Charcot. He says
himself that he did not reach the
Pole.?Rochester Union and Adver?
nlng. We are on the high hills look
ing over into the promised land.
Tre we brave enough to cross the
river and take possession??Spartan
CHEAT MEXICAN RANCHMAN.
Estate of General Luis Terrazas Em?
ploys 10,000 Men.
(From the Kansas City Star.)
Gen. Luis Terrazas is 70 years oldr
the same age as President Diaz. Th?
lives of both men have been full o|
stirring adventure. It was In reward
"or daring military service that Gun?
s' al Terrazas obtained from the gov?
ernment large gifts of land which
placed him on the road to the great
fortune which he now possesses.
It is conservatively estimated that
General Terrazas is worth not less
than $200,000,000. His property hold?
ings are chiefly in the State of Chihua?
hua, but he also has large invest?
ments In other parts of the republic.
General Terrazas is | the greatest
land and live stock baron in the world,
it is said. He owns 15 ranches in the
State of Chihuahua. The ranches em?
brace an aggregate art a of more than
5,000,000 acres. For many years spe?
cial attention has been given to rais?
ing horses upon these ranches. More
than 5,000.000 head of horses are
grazing upon the Terrazas land.
The mule supply for most of Mexico
comes from the Terrazas ranches.
These animals now number more than
1,000,000 head and are scattered over
the different properties. General Ter?
razas' cattle holdings number more
than 1,000,000 head. Several hundred
thousand head of goats and sheep
graze upon his land. It is said that
the choicest grass lands in Northern
Mexico are embraced in the Terrazas
estate. Streams of running water pass
through them and the grass grows
luxuriantly the greater part of the
Some idea of the vastness of these
landed possessions may be had when
it is known that more than 10,000
men are kept constantly looking after
the stock. The services of 1,000 men
are required to "ride the fences.' It
i? the duty of these fence-riders to see
that the wires are kept intact, so ?h\t
the live stock cannot escape from the
pastures. Many thousand miles of
wire were used in constructing the
boundary fences. More than a score
of towns, some of them of considera?
ble size, are upon the ranches.
Mr. Haley Flske, vice president of
the Metropolitan Life Insurance
Company, told many interesting facts
about the great company, in his ad?
dresses here yesterday afternoon, and
particularly striking was his descrip?
tion of the fight which the insurance
corporation has made in New Y -k
State to have such a construction
placed upon the law that the com?
pany might be permitted to own
lands and build upon a selected site
a great sanitarium, at which its
agents and its policy holders could
find relief and cure from the dread
ravages of the white plague. This
broad philanthropic project of the
Metropolitan company is now well
known by the general public, but for
some monthe little has been said of
it, because of the fact that the in?
surance laws of New York, as inter
I reted by the superintendent of in?
surance, would not permit the frui?
tion of the company's plans. But no?
wise daunted by such a position on
the part of the insurance authorities,
the Metropolitan took the whole
question to the highest courts, and
as result, it was clearly established
recently that not only was a great in?
surance company, with millions of
individual policy holders, entitled to
build a sanitarium for the benefit of
its thousands of agents, and possibly
for its policy holders, but that such
an act was its plain and imperative
And so the company will go ahead
with the benevolent plans, and set a
pace for other great corporations to
follow, Just as the International Typ?
ographical Union has entered the
lists against the white plague, by
creating splendid hospital buildings
intelligently devised homes for con?
sumptives at Colorado Springs. So
far as the insurance company is
concerned, it is largely a matter of
business, this sanitarium project, for
eighteen per cent, of its policy hold?
ers die annually of tuberculosis in
some form or other. But with semi
public corporations taking such a
step, what excuse have the municipal
corporations from holding back.
Surely not on the grounds of econo?
my? It is all the more a matter of
duty for the cities to build proper
Ma>or Gaynor has provided for
hut one of Tammany's 35 district
leaders. Another victory like the
the last and the Tiger will have noth?
ing left but a pelt.?St. Louis Globe
The rew gold fields of Alaska are
not expected to occasion the excite?
ment that was produced a few years
ago. Gold Is cheap, you know.?
W. J. Bryan Is quoted as calling
the saloon the ally of vice. Is he
going to try the Prohibition ticket
this time??Boston Globe.
A Matter of Duty.
FIREMEN WILL NOT STRIKE.
Som No Likelihood of Another Labor
War on Georgia Railroad.
Augusta, Ga., Feb. 23.?Fourth Vice
President A. P. Kelley of the Brother?
hood of Locomotive Firemen stated to
the Associated Press tonight that
there is no likelihood at this time of
another strike of the Georgia firemen,
as reported in neighboring cities. Kel
Iry hJ't; oeen in Augusta on union mat
1' ra, but leaves here tomorrow morn?
ing. He says that the agreement
made under the Erdman arbitration
act last May is being lived up to by
both parties. Kelley's trip here was
of routine nature and had no signifi?
Local Butcher Su< vui. hs to the Trust.
"Jim" Black and John Hackett
were rival butchers in the town of
Fort Dodge, Iowa, twenty years ago.
Each owned his own abtitolr on the
outskirits of the town. They bought
their cattle, hogs and sheep from the
farmers and stock-raiser* of the out?
lying agricultural districts. They
butchered for meat. When Mr. Black
or Mr. Hackett butchered a beef he
figured his profit on the steaks and
roasts, lard and tallow, tongue and
hide, sausage-meat, and stews. The
horns, hoofs, bones, casings, blood and
fertilizer were consigned to a pile
where now grows the greenest grass
in Webster County. Out of the good?
ness of their hearts Mr. Black and Mr.
Hackett gave away the liver to fisher?
men and dog owners. Oftentimes they
they did the same with rich soup
bones to such customers as owned
chickens or dogs.
One day a large yellow car with
side-doors 8 inches thicx was set off
or. a siding of the Illinois Central
Railroad. Simultaneously a new meat
market appeared on Central Avenue.
The proprietor of the new meat mar?
ket did not give away soup bones cr
liver. But he did cut prices on meat
that neither Hackett nor Black could
equal and live. Hackett and B'ack
were both astute men. They closed
out their meat markets left the de?
serted slaughter-houses as a source of
interest solely to little boys afraid of
si ooks, and went out of the meat bus?
iness. Whereupon the price of meat
in Fort Dodge began tc soar aga'.n.
The instance marks the retreat of the
small butcher before the invasion of
the great packer, who butchers not
only for meat but for by-product.?
Review of Reviews.
The Tariff Agreement With Germany.
The threatened tariff war with
Germany has been averted by an
agreement reached early last month.
The merchants of Germany and the
United States will continue to trade
upon the minimum tar ff basis. As
we have already explained fully in
these pages, the terms of our recip?
rocity treaty with Germany concluded
under the Dingley tariff law expired
on the seventh of last month, ami if
there had not been some specia' ar?
rangement between the two countries
the maximum provision of the new
German tariff would at that date have
been levied upon all Import? from the
United .states. On the first of next
month, also, the maximum provisions
of the Payne-Aldrich tariff wouli
have been enforced against German
trade. Happily, however, for the
continuance of our immense business
with the German empire (amounting
in value to more than 1400,000,000 In
the year 1909), a bill ratifying the
agreement made by the German For?
eign Office with our own State Depart?
ment was passed by the Reichstag,
without change and without debate,
on February 5. Two days later Presi?
dent Taft issued a proclamation an?
nouncing that, beginning with the first
of next month, imports from Germany
are to be entitled to admsision at the
minimum rate of duty. The main
point of commercial irritation be?
tween Germany and the United States
has always been in the meat business.
The very strict inspection and regula?
tion of American meats and cattle,
amounting at times almost to a pro?
hibition, are defended in Germany as
necessary for sanitary reasons. It is
generally believed, however, that
these regulations were established and
are now kept in force chiefly through
the influence of the German agrarian
party. The Prussian "Junker," who
is first of all an agriculturist, of course
desires to exclude all foreign food
products for the benefit of his own
holdings. In accordance with the
agreement just reached between the
two governments the question of these
regulations regarding cattle and meats
is set aside for separate treatment in
the future.?Review of Reviews.
The President, it is reported, is op?
posed to the re-election of Senator
Dick, of Ohio. The Senator, it is
also reported, will make a contest,
fjhfltty Ohio!?Hartford Times.
Mr. Roosevelt, brave man though
he may be, would be excused for
trembling when he comes to face that
crisis in a great man's career, the
Star. * t