Newspaper Page Text
?bt t?Hatcbmirc sab Sontbrtm
' hf *uroter Watchman was found
mO n IHMi and the Tree Southron In
1?M The Watchman and Southron
Of hi* th* combined circulation and
in Staat el both of th*- old papers
aa 1 ta manlfa^tlv the b*>?t a4v*rttalnr
as tlum In Snmt?r
Larger prises and more of them
are** offered In Humtor County for
thi- I sspa4 Oat ii I Ml i. u.'Ht ttsM >i>
aay teilst ?ottnty In South Carolina
The pr see will be equally us lance
next \ear. theic will he more hoys In
the content, and they will make a
natter showing. The club was organ?
ised this year and many of the boys
got a late start In preparing their
land They will not he handicapped
la this particular next year and the
experience gained this year will be a
great help In making next year's
oorn club eoatest s greater success
and In growing more corn to the
The farmer who will make a spe?
cialty of breeding seed corn along
scientific lines snd grow It In suffi?
cient qusntlty to supply the local
damand. only, will find It a profitable
crop. Scientific and practical farm?
ers, alike, have proven by thorough
tests that seed corn grown In the
locality is better than that grown at
a distance, where soil and climate
conditions ar? dlffeient Corn adapts
Itself to the climate and locality in
wht h it Is grown, but several years
are required for an Imported seed to
Become thoroughly so Therefore
seed corn breeders find that the very
nest results ere obtained by selecting
the best local variety and by scien?
tific selection to breed it up until It
approaches the Ideal. In quality and
yield. Sumter county needs a seed
STATE FUR TROUBLES.
JNO. <.. Mum I Y not'lVTITL
ABOtT t ol l MIMA PF.OPLIO.
Retiring President of l air Society
Think* There Is "Nigger In Wood
PlhV*?Docs Not Like Attraction*
"\ p Tow n
According to Jno. O. Mobley. re?
tiring president >f the State Fair so?
ciety, there Is a "nigger In the wood
ptV " Mr Mobley says there Is some
?out "the selfish
yur( parties In Co
p a shout In dls
the State Fair so?
The people of Columbia have for
year-. .ntrhut.d money for the sup
part and maintenance of the fair, the
merchants hiving been solicited for
sufficient rpjney to keep the fair go?
ing snd rften used their perspnal In?
fluence with the general assembly to
neoir- the annual loan of $2.600.
This was done because Columbia
wsnt* the people. This year, for the
first time everything wss turned over
to I he fslr society. There are no at
tra< iions on the streets, hut the visit?
ors are satisfied because they are not
worried about the fair and the bill at
the Columbia theatre and at some of
the vaudeville houses arc well worth
Mr. Mohley's report follows:
? BjMgfjggfj g| th?- Agricultural und
Mechanical Society of Houth Caro?
"The 42d fair of your society, now
In progress, will go down on the rec?
ord of its history as a great success.
At no time tn the history of our State
has there been on exhibition such
varied and splendid Illustrations of
har gnat resources. Every depart
meni i*. well represented and well ar?
I o i I' oi. < I 111
"It is with pleasure that I report
to you that a considerable reduction
has hegfl made !n the indebtedness of
the society, and I trust that If th? at?
tendance n.nt nues good, we will he
able to pay off all the old debts. The
financial report will be made to you
in foil at the Februarv meeting.
"In representing your Interests. I
have seat with . ourteiy from the city
council of t'ohimh a and the city
Cham?- r of Commerce, snd their ac?
tion ? granting my request In keep?
ing thi -tr. . in < I? ir of carnival at?
tractions during the one week that
the asrn ultiir.il m??et h. r. is much
AkKi r io ib, Weed nie."
"Tb*f I? a nlgg? r in the wood p||t
h*r? h .wever. an I the attempt to
uae the adpertlstrnen? of |ssg Mali
fair in bringing the people together
for to. selfish purpose of u few peo?
ple In this i Itv. Mhn want to set up a
distinct show In opposition to the
Stale f?lr is simply against ?ve prln
crple* of justice Columbia Is full tJ
my kindred and friends, but I can ton
refrain from tailing vour attention to
the burning fact that the city dOOl
not show suflb lent appreciating of the
greet good tb.it the ?gaiety Is doing
for th.'- development of our State, and
lo the commercial Interests of Colum?
bia. When the people here want a
arm, ?i led them have one, and we
will come and do all we can by our
attendance to help the capital of our
State, but let them 'hands off the
great work of the agricultural society
of their State, except to promote its
"Aft'-r mi ny efforts we at last
POTS the opportunity of trying the
plan of opening the gates of the fair
grounds |0 the public at night, and I
believe with good business manage?
ment this w ll be made to pay the so
i. t\ and permit thousands of peo?
ple In Columbia, who never see the
fair, to attend and enjoy the benefits
derived from Its educational features.
Agricultural l*rogr?**s of the State
"The general agricultural condition
of our State is in good shape, and
1 belies e that we are on the very n e
of great agricultural and Industrial
developments. The progress that Is
"eln? made in the production of corn
will in the near future cause South
Carolina to be a great corn ralslg
State. The editor of the New York
Herald once said that if the people
of South Carolina would raise 'less
hell, and moro corn.* they would be
' etter off. We are going to raise
more corn, more cotton and more fine
stock; but as long as the descendants
of the men wno wore the gray, the
desc emlants of the men who followed
Jackson and Lee, Hampton, Bratton,
Hagood, Hutler, Connor and Mart
Gary live, as long us the shades of
those Illustrious warriors live in the
corridors of fame we will reserve the
right to raise 'hell* also, when the
Distinguished Agriculturist Absent.
"I invited James Wilson, secretary
Of agriculture for the United States,
to deliver an address here on Fri?
day, and I regret to inform you that
he Is unavoidably detained. He has
done much to benefit the agricultural
interest of our State. He is a great
man. who has proved that he has the
Interest of our Southland at heart and
can rise above party lines and na
t onal politics.
' I would like to see this society
take more Interest in the good road
movement of our State. Right hers
Is the place for the good road work
that has been begun to be carried
out. Good roads mean increased value
of lands, reduction in the cost of
hauling, and general prosperity to
the country at large.
Dress of the State.
"I have received most able and
courteous support In promoting the
fa r from almost the entire press of
the State, and I am grateful to them
for their patriotic and unselfish as?
"I stated some time since that I
could not allow my name to be pre?
sented to you for reelection. My
heart Is full of gratitude to my
friends for their confidence In me.
and the loyalty of their friendship.
In rctlr'ng as president of your so?
lely, think not that my interest la
abated In one single particular. In
the great work that you are doing
and are destined to accomplish, 1
trill uphold and aid, as far as 1 am
abb* any president that this society
Compliment* to Working Force.
"I congratulate you on the work?
ing force that now represents your
interests. They are courteous, ener?
getic and earnest In their work, and
I des re to thank them publicly for
the able assistance they have given
me at all times.
"I have served you as president
for three terms, the last two 1 was
unanimously elected. 1 have tried
to do my duty. I have hewed |
straight to the line, regardless of j
where the chips would fall In the|
protection of your interest. It is i
impossible to please all. and I have
not tried to do so. To win the 'well 1
don?' of, my friends, to place the ag-1
ricultural solcety of my State on the
w ry highest standard that it could
reach, has been my aim. In that I
have had the hearty Cooperation of
the great majority of you. and I
thank you for the courtesy you have
always shown me and for the hdp
you hau given no to Buccoed In to}
efforts. Without your help my ad?
ministration and my worn would
ha\ e beeg a failure.
"In conclusion, gentlemen, I thank
you for the honor you have conferred
tipog me. The many evidences th it
l have received of your appreciation
"f my work, and of your friendship
for me will live In my heart for?
l vi r."
Tick Infested COW*
An old cow Infested with ticks
strolled across the fair grounds BSV?
? r.iI months ga>>,
.This breech Of fuT ground "edit et"
eg the part of the Ol I cow caused
some severe criticism at the meeting
of the South Caroling Agricultural
and Mechanical society last night snd
gei ? lopt d He feel th.it the ? attic ex?
hibited bj John ?; Mobley came from
a th k territory and that th. v were
Infet ted, Mr Moblej did not dens
that h!s i attb- were Infected but
stated thai he had used svery means
to st.imp out the tick end thai his
work for the fair for several weeks
before the opening had prevented
htm from sxamlnlng Ihs cattle before
they srert shipped to Itolumhla while
the th k situ.?tloii was und. r 'i heavy
tire on tho part of several, the fact
was brought out that this Is not the
first time that ticks have been
brought to the State fair, there be?
ing one exhibitor present who stated
that he had "brought as many as a
r*T load Of ticks." This statement
wai Riad? in dolens?- of Mr. MoMey.
Following the cattle tick debate
and the criticism <>f the management
Of the agrucltural and cattle exhibits,
a resolution was adopted by the so?
ciety that every officer give more at?
tention to live stock and farm prod?
ucts than In the past.
Serious Charge Brought.
The most serious charge was made
by s. D, Cross of Chester. He said
that he had brought 40 head of cattle
to the fair and that he understood
that he had a phu t- arranged for their
reception in the stock building. He
said further that when ho arrived in
Columbia he found that his cattle had
been ?? para ted at the fair grounds,
20 in one place and 20 in another,
and that his cattle were placed next
to the tick cattle < wncd by Mr.
Mobley, that his cattle had been
moved on the order of the superin?
tendent of the State fair, J. D. W.
Watts. Mr. Cross said that as a re?
sult of his cattle being placed next
to the tick cattle, he might lose
them, wh'ch would moan a loss of
over $7,000. It was stated by Mr.
Cross that Chester county would erect
a special building at the State afir
and that It would not cost tho society
Mr. Taylor's Speech.
Charging that the State fair had
boon a failure as regards its original
purpose, B. F. Taylor of Columbia de?
livered a caustic speech in wh'ch he
said that the proper attention had not
been given to live stock and agricul?
ture. He said that there mas too
much emphasis on side shows and
horse racing. He believed in races
but thought that some inducements
should be offered for South Carolina
bred horses. He compared tho prizes
offered for the horse races and those
offered in the other department! of
the fair, declaring that the ngricul
tual prizes are a mere pittance. He
thought that there should be an in?
centive given to the farmers to raise
liner horses, but this would never be
accomplished under the present
in connection with the agrucltural
feature of the fair and the prize9 he
pointed out the fact that many thous?
ands of dollars had been subbscribed
for the South Atlantic States Corn ex?
position which is to be held In Co?
lumbia in December. He thouyht that
handsome prizes should be offered so
as to interest the farmers In agricul?
ture and live stock. He declared that
only 14 had been offered by the State
fair for the production of corn. In
his opinion agriculture and live stock
go hand in hand. In mentioning the
prizes offered he stated that only $20
had been offered for the tinest bull
and that it would cost $40 properly to
display the animal at the State fair.
"I want to tell you that this society
has been mismanaged," said Mr. Tay?
Filter the Cow.
Following this statement there was
a gry from Mr. Mobley, "Mr. Tay?
It was at this point that the old
cow infested with ticks came into the
limelight and precipitated heated dis?
Mr. Taylor said that the cow had
been grazing on the fair grounds and
that this was liable to Infest all of
the cattle brought to the fair. He
further said that one tick would kill
thousands of dollars' worth of cattle.
He charged that the president of the j
State Fair society had brought to the
fair cattle infested with ticks. "I call j
that, gentlemen, gross carelessness."
said he. He criticised the fair man?
agement in handling certain exhibits
and in practically excluding some that]
w ere. in his opinion, the most import- I
tant In connection with the fair.
This was some corn grown on the
Williamson plan at the fair grounds,
li' made an appeal for competent
judges to judge ail eyhlblts.
J. A. Banks stated to Mr. Taylor
that an expert judge had been secur?
ed this year for cattle, but the man
Delected wired at the last moment
thai h< w < uld not be able to attend.
Mr. Tayb r said that such excuses
should nol have to be given, that
they should make sure of all such
matters. He did not want any kind
WHAT SUMTER MiFDS.
Humb r needs a new hotel.
Dull! on a modern plan,
To accommodate the tourist
And tb> traveling man,
A hotel large and room}
with table rare the best.
To induce the pleasure seekers
To be the clty'S guests.
Tb? n tb. traveling people
Wont shun the city so.
They'll be glad when they come,
And Sorry when they tfo.
Hutnter musi have what she needs*
Bui Who will undertake the task,
Of building this hotel?
Is the question now being asked.
If none of her clttsens are willing,
Who have the money to sp ire,
induce someone from without
To build a hotel here,
? ? *
Practical Thoughts f<
(Comiu< ted by K. W Dal??)?. Pre*l
Some Kandom Thoughts.
The unprecedented cold of Sunde)
and Monday, 30 degrees F. Sunday
and 32 degrees. Monday, has cut some
of our cotton prospects very much. A
65 per cent, crop for this section Is
CUt to not over a 50 per cent, crop,
and one-fourth of that will DC ting?
ed cotton. In fact, It depends on the
?Jasons for the next two or three
v e *ks as to'whether we pick any of
the frosted cotton or not. If it is
wet and warm the frosted bolls will
all rot, but dry weather, with mod?
erate temperatures, something like
one-half of the frosted bolls will
open. Why this frost, the earliest
killing frost on record, does not send
cotton booming is on? of the mys?
teries of the cotton business.
The County Un on will meet in
the court house on Fr day, the 11th,
when the Farmers' Union prizes to
the three highest boys in the Union
will be paid. A full delegation from
every local union should be in at?
tendance. Interesting reports will
probably be made by committees of
the union, especially the committee
on organizat on. the legislative com?
mittee and the cotton committee.
? * *
National President Barrett's letter
on the difficulties of organization will
prove interesting rear'!ng. The great?
est bar to organization is the farm?
ers suspicfon of the notions of any?
one who will try to organize them.
Anybody elseN in any other line of
business may have an ax to grind
when he approaches a farmer on any
kind of business proposition, but that
makes no difference at all. But let
a farmer suggest something and
right away the Question is asked.
?What will be get out of it?" or.
"What is he after now?"
E. W. D.
Columbia, B. C. Nov. 3. 10.30 p.
m.?We have just adjourned the
'armers' Union neeting, and some
f our veak-kn^ed bretheren should
have been there to hear the encour
iging reports frcm the speakers. Es?
pecially the repot t from Bro. O'Neall
Holloway of the condition of the un?
ion in Bickens, Oconee and Anderson.
Then there were very interesting
speeches from Mr. Ira. W. Williams,
Senator E. D. Smith and Col. E. J.
? ? ?
Wre have arranged to have Bro.
Holloway to meet with us at Sumtei
next Friday. If court Is still in ses?
sion then our meeting will have to
be held in some other hall. As; many
of the union brethern as possible
should come out, and we trust there
will be full delegations from each
union in the county.
Bro. Frank Williams positively ar?
ranged with Mr. Ira W. Williams to
have the Boys' Corn Show on Mon?
day, the 7th. It should be a very in?
teresting occasion for every boy who
entered the contest and all the farm?
ers who are working for better meth?
The corn from the 228 bushel
acre of the Florence county boy is
one of the most interesting exhibits
at the State fair. It is said he has
already sold all of his corn at $5
per bus..el for seed corn. His crop
( ost him $200 for the acre. The
writer Is no longer "from Missouri"
when it comes to the possible yield
of corn in South Carolina.
There is the greatest variety of
poultry here that the writer ever
saw?from the tiniest bantams to
the mammoth Bronze turkeys?pig
eons of a number of kinds?beautiful
pheasants, pet rabbits, most curious*
ly marked chickens?many of them
evidently standard breeds that we
never heard of before, and some, of
course, freaks and only interesting
because they are freaks.
? ? ?
The live stock exhibit is said to be
the finest thai has ever been seen
In South Carolina? from mule-footed
hogs to 2,500 pound Bed Polls?and
common goats to the finest Angoras
with fleece worth *1 per pound, and
Cotswoold sheep that weigh 400
pounds, beautiful Jerseys, Quernseys
and Holsteins. R W. 1?.
President iiarrvtt Deeerlbes Dlflicclt)
of Perfecting OrganlnstIon.
To the Officers and Members ol the
Farmers' I niton.
Today the Farmers' Union is na?
tional In the largest sense. It has
state organlastlons on the Pacific
oast, State organizations on the At?
lantic coast. State organization on the
gulf coast and on the Great Bakes, in
seven years it has grown from a
or Practical Farmers
dent Farmers' UlllOU of Suatter
handful of energetic and hopeful |
nu n captained by Newt, (.?reahman at
Point, Texas, to an American army
varying from two million to two and
a half million members, covering
men engaged in every species of ag?
riculture in the United States.
1 think I can detach myself sutli
ciently from my love for and inter?
est in this work to realize what this
expansion represents Achievement
and phenominal achievement at that.
I cheerfully venture the assertion
that no agricultural organization in
the civilized world has ever recorded
so marvelous a growth. The best fea?
ture Is its stability.
We have organized the American
farmer "for keeps."
Yet even in the lace of this no?
table achievement, and the shadow
! of greater things to come, we find
here and there within the order, and
here and there from carping critics
without the order, questioning as to
why we have not made vaster strides.
The perfection of nacional or in?
ternational organization is the roost
arduous and gradual task in the
range of humanity's endeavors. 1
might cite two overshadowing or- |
ganizatlons from the industrial world
The Standard OH company and the j
United States Steel corporation. In j
their way and in their peculiar
spheres they are models of organ?
ization?at least the average citizen
who feels the effect of tluir forces,
will not deny the fact.
Now the Farmers' Union has no de?
sire or intention to rival these over
it achinv monopolies, but their match?
less triumph of organization can
teach us something beneficial. We
can profit from the instructive les?
sons they have to offer and reject the
practices that have placed some of
their promoters upon an evil emi?
nence in this country.
Now, then?it took decades and
decades to perfect these two great
organizations. They begun first with
straggling and struggling groups. At
various stages in their history they
were dealt blows that would have
been deadly, had not the men behind
been actuated by fixed purpose and
Another thing?these two concerns
have always, or nearly always, had
at their disposal all the advantages
afforded bp command of unlimited
capital and the best order of trained
brains in the country.
Yet they have grown piecemeal, so
to speak, by a process of evolution,
through Infinite backsets and discour?
agements and panics, until today
they stand as the supreme embodi?
ments of organization.
The Farmers' Union has made
progres even more phenominal than
these two oraginzatlons, and that
without the advantage conferred by
money, for the reason that our guid?
ing principles have been righteous
where theirs have been those rising
from Greed. J
But on the 6ide of patience and of
the value and efficiency of organiza?
tion, and of the spirit that is willing
to wait for results, perfectly confident
of ultimate success, they abound In
I want every member of the Farm?
ers' Union, however obscure, to re?
member we are building for tomor?
row as well as for today; for our
children's children as well as for our?
selves; that we are laying a solid
foundation for the solving of prob?
lems that will test Amerclan mett'e
decades after v, > are dust.
I look forward tj the day when
every American farmer belongs to an
agricultural organization as one of
the brightest days in the history of
this country. It may not come in
my time, nor in the time of my chil?
dren. But I know it Is destined, and
that at the rate the Farmers' Union
is growing we will not have to wait
an indefinite j umber of years for
Let us. first, concede that the farm?
er is the most important element In
the national life. Let us. next, con?
cede that he has been systematically
Would be glad foi
selections at once a
W. W. SI HI
No. 8 S. Main St.
neglected, in the way of legislatioa
and BOClal viewpoint, since the found?
ing of the repuhlie. i^et us, next,
concede that the day he is formed
into one compact, unanimous nation?
al organization he will be able to ee
< lire his rights, to redress and equity
mt?> the nation's governmet In a
(?? greo that has never been approxl
Rieted in American history.
These are some of the ends to
which we are working. While we la?
bor for the farmer, we labor for the
entire country, for the country is no
gr?-at?-r. no more prosperous, no
more morel or safe from canker of
disintegration than Is Itu great ru?
Charles S. Barrett.
Cnion City, ?a.. Oct. 24, 1910.
PELLAGR \ CONFERENCE
Dr. C. II. Baviiider Talks Interestingly
Hospital .. ?&
well attended as the previous one,
it was no less interesting. In all
about 20 cases of the disease were
demonstrated. The meeting was
very .informal, resolving itself largely
into a matter of questions and an?
swers and the exchange of individual
opinions and experiences.
In reply to the question of the
causation of pellagra Dr. C. H.
Lavindor said that he was open
minded on the subject and certainly
less devout in his belief in the spoil?
ed com theory than he was a year
ago. He thought the diagnosis of
pellagra difficult without the skin
symptoms. In other words, that
the presence or history of skin symp?
toms was essential for the diagnosis.
The Italians, however, made the diag?
nosis regardless of the presence or
absence of the skin lesions. It had
been well said that until the skin
symptoms appeared, the case was
tike an unsigned letter. The skin
symptoms were the signature by
by which the letter was identified.
I t" course, tentative diagnosis can
i e made and treatment instituted.
The disease in Italy was very mild.
Dr. Levmder saw there in two or
three months several hundred cases,
of which only three or four could
be considered really ill.
In Italy the geography of the die
ease is shifting and it appears to be
spreading southward. Dr. Lavinder
considere a generous dietary, care?
ful attention and good nursing highly
important as we have no specific
The speaker again deprecated the
gloomy outlook usually taken by the
public regarding penagra. He does
not entertain the opinion that pella?
gra is communicable. He would not
hesitate to bring a pellagra patient
into his own home. He also thought
that the general practitioners of South
Caroline have a great opportunity
for studying the Epidemiology of the
disease; that is, to collect data re?
garding the home surrounding of
patients, their dietary and habits. ^
Such data would prove of great val?
ue in helping to solve the mystery
surrounding pellagra. Sambon thinks
the disease occurs in the foothills,
near swift-running streams, accord?
ing to the speaker.
Most From Piedmont.
Dr. J. J. Watson stated that he had
seen cases from all parts of the State
from the mountains to the sea, but
I most of them came from the Pied?
j In Italy, the speaker said, the dle
j ease was largely confined to the peae
antry living in the country, but in
j this country pellagra patients were
mostly urban and suburban and from
those in the best circumstances, phy?
sically and socially. His patients had
for the most part esten shVped corn.
As already noted with us the dis?
ease differed from the Italian in in?
tensity. Over 80 per cent of his
cases were women.
The disease was further discussed
In many of its phases by l>rs. Napier.
Thompson, J. EL Taylor. Duckett,
Rice, B. B. Saunders, B. B. Saundere
payment is desired. No cla m that
is presented on or after that da\ will
be considered. ;?< 11 i Board holds Its
regular monthly meeting on that day.
e Just Received Our Second
it of Choice Bulbs
r you to make your
s they arc selling