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III?: M MTHl WATCHMAN, Ifeiahl
Consolidated Aur. 2,1
(Tljc cTdlatcbman aiti ?outbron.
Puhii-dictl Wednesday ami Saturdtiy
OSTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
SUMTBR, 8. C.
tl 10 par ainim?In adteaoe
One Square ?rat lasertloa.fi.00
?vary subsequent taeorttoa.??
Contracts far three saeaUt*. ar
longa* will a*> made at reduces raten.
All cosasnantoadena whloh srjh
iarn privat? iKteresta wtll be ohatsed
far aa advectUetaeauv
OfaUaartea aad tributes >>t rasa -et*
eHl ee charged far.
tWARITtP.s \\l> lOKKKITlONS.
IV??? nun nit* ol Alerting at Florence
Columbia. Nov. 16.?Miss Euphe
aita McClintock. president of the Col?
lage for Women; Col. August Kohn,
president of the South Carolina Press
Association, and Prof. W. H. Hand,
flaute supervisor of high schools?all
Columbians?are among the promi?
nent persona who will deliver address?
ee ?t the aecond annual session of'
the South Carolina Conference of
Charities and Correction, to be held
December 8-9 in Florence.
Dr. A. T. Jamison, superintendent
? < Connie Maxwell Orphanage, at
Oven wood, la president of the Con?
ference. The executive committee Is
composed of Mr. Jos. A. McCullough.
of the Oreenvllle Bar, Deaconess
Mary T. Oadsden. superintendent of
the Church Home Orphanage (Epls
SOpel). at Yorkvllle. and the Rev.
Moward Lee Jones. D. D., of Char*
SSM ail. Prof D. D. Wallace, of Wof
ford Collec \ Spartanhur*. Is vice
president. Mrs. C. D. Stanley, of Co*
latabla. secretary; Mr. Walter I
Wilbur, "f Charleston, treasurer.
it la eaneetly desired that all i? I
sons Interested In work of charity.
i?x re tion. reform, child care and
ether related problems will plan toj
attend the Conference. The sessions
SrlU *h> open to the public, and all '
Ssay attevwt wgj?. will. |
^^ss^Omreren?exists to discuss
the problems of charity and correct- I
Ion. to disseminate information and j
promote reforms. It will be held in
the Florence city auditorium, upon
Invitation extended the body a year i
The headquarters of the executive
commltee will be at the Hotel Flor?
ae, and provision has also been
made at this h ?tel for any committee 1
meetings that may be held during
the sessions of the Conference. Per?
sons who wish boarding house accom?
modations should write Mr. H. M.
The executive committee has united
In an endeavor to provide a program
that would be practical, and has
sought to present topics that concern
the people at the present time. Per?
sons announced on the programme
hare all definitely accepted places
thereon, aa well as the topics assigned.
It ia hoped that physicians, clergy?
men. Legislators, charity workers,
county supervisors. Probate Judges,
students and teac hers of social ques?
tions, child sa"tng workers, officers
of penal and correctional Institutions.
State and city officials will attend.
< (H.t MUl \'S \KW DAILY.
Mix I.tmrttprs Ordered. Pre*** Bought
ami Capital Stork Incrcaeod.
Columbia. \ v if,.?with a build?
ing leased, a press bought and six
Unot' pee ordered, a director of The
Morning Newa Fuhiishtntc Company
eay that the n??w paper for Columbia
will surely make Its appearance early
In January. The capital stoek has
been Increased from f&O.ouO to
$200.0S0 and subscriptions are he
lag taken. It Is saht, from cltlSens
from every part of the State <'o
lumbtans sr?- more or less Interested
In the establishment of the new pa
? per. because many believe It will in?
volve a newspaper war. There are
others who say that The State, with
Its large circulation and volume of
business. H ill not suffer, an I tie
believe that the new pap-T will m ike
little difference with the managers
of the Columbia paper. The pew
paper must needs upend thousands of
dollars |a attempt |S compete with
the field here. The pgagagrtetl say
they are preptm d *o do this.
A Democratic Congress may be ex?
pected to build a warm fire under
Secretary gsMlnaflSf ? < ?klahoma Cltv
There are men and women who
are In life aa the wild river and the
night owl. as the blasted tree and
the wind over ancient graves-?
Char lea O. Leland
?He .lust ii
NEW HH ALMOST FINISHED.
H? < flfiik vtion at winstox
nVLFM on l?l ( I MIU H 15.
NCH Wlnstort-Snlem-Wndosboro Hond
Opens up a Dirct Route to the
r.dumldn. NOV. 17.?With the
Southbound Hailway from Wlnston
Salem ti? Wadesoro almost comple?
ted, ami with trains being operated
over a part of the line, the board of
trade of Wlnston-Salem has set aside
Thursday. December 15, as the day
for a monster celebration of its com?
pletion. Excursion trans will be
operated into that city by the board
of trade, one of the trains, It Is pro?
posed, leaving Florence early that
1 The visitors will be waited upon
b] committees from the board of
trade, extended a welcome to the city
and shown various courtesies, in?
cluding a visit through the large to?
bacco factories. As much if South
Carolina tobacco is sold to Wlnston
Salem manufacturers, and as the
Southbound Hallway will give Char?
leston and other parts of this State
a direct connection with the North
weat by means of this road, the At
naltlc Coast Line and Norfolk and
Western, It is expected that many
Carolinians will Journey to the Tar
Heel clfy for the occasion.
Mr. Henry E. Fries, president of
the road, will undoubtedly be a hap?
py man when the line is in operation.
That the people of the Twin City
honor him for his work In their be?
half is shown from the fact that they
Informed him that anything he
might desire would be done.
The Southbound is of Articular
Interest to Charleston, the directors
having decided long before Presi?
dent Taft that Charleston Is the
most convenient port to the Panama
Canal. It Is not known yet whtether
any of the South Carolina cities will
participate In the celebration.
FOOPSTIFFS PRICKS KFDl'CFD.
Decided Drop in Fresh Meats During
Chicago. Nov. 15.?A bumper corn I
crop and unusually heavy receipts of
cattle and pork at the stock yards!
was given by Chicago dealers as the
cause of the decline in prices of
foodstuffs over the country. A de?
cline >x\ prices at the stock yards was
followed by a reduction of fresh
meats and staples. Commission men
today predicted lower prices still on
everything except eggs, which, they
say. are going higher.
Sugar, this week, 5c; last week.
5 1-2 to 6c.
I I ?ur. barels, this "week. M6.75;
last week. $6.90.
Pork, this week 16a22c; last week.
2 2a 2 2c.
Lamb, this week, 13c; last week.
Chickens, this week, 12 l-2c; last
week 15 c.
gSJSC, this week. lOalSc; last week,
The decline since October is from
50 to 75 cents on cattle in the bulk
and the market in general Is 5*
cents lower than it was a week ago.
Hogs have droppod from $9.65 a
hundred on October 18, to $7.82 1-2.
J. Ogden Armiur. head of Armour
6 Co.. today said the whole tendency
In live stock prices was lower. He
also declared the descent would be
gradual and warned the public from
accepting hastily the belief that a
drop from the highest to the lowest
prices was due.
"The packers' prices to the re?
tailer arc hu;?ed entirely on what SfS
have to pay for the live anlmuls."
'I Mr A rnw.ur. "< nera lly speak?
ing, prices are lower and I believe
that they ;tr,. working toward a still
lower level The present situation is
the result of the enormous corn
crop and Ol previous high prices
that stimulate everybody to raise live
"The put.Ho is getting the benefit
i of present conditions and should get
, further bensflfs, us the Increased
SUpplv |?f live Stock reaches the mur
* ti ? i ? < ? nt hkfb price ol meets
and packing house products cannot
I ??e attributed In anyway to the pack
ers or to nny combination of persons
oi firms engaged In the packing in?
dustry. It has been due to changes
I hat developed from s scarcity ami s
blah prise tor corn, which is tin
basis of the SUpplj of live stock."
The resident #? ol W M. Wester
brook of Chester was burned Tues
W. H. McWhite. of Marion Coun
ty was fatally Injured in a gin Mon
nd Fear ism? -Let all the ends Thou Ali
.UMTER, S. ?., SATURI
PLOT OF PACKERS.
DIL WILSON SAYS CUT IN FOOD
PRICES is MANIPULATION.
Chief of Chemistry Bureau Says Re?
laxation of <.rip is Only Tempor?
?r] iaal Dangerous.
Washington. Nov. 16.?The so-call?
ed reduction In the price of meats is
a deliberate manipulation of the
market, according to Dr. Harvey W.
Wib v, chief of the bureau of chem
| Istry of the department of agricul
j ture, in a statement made here to
"The interests which manipulated
the prices upward," said Dr. Wiley,
J "temporarily have released their hold
on our throats for the purpose of
I getting a fresh krip. The so-called
: reduction in meats is fictitious. Its
manipulation was deliberate, just as
the increase In prices was unjust,
! unreasonable and uncalled for by
' conditions prevailing throughout the
' country. The prices were fictitious
I at the top notch because they were
forced there arbitrarily by the inter?
"Developments will show that the
Interests are after some one. It may
be some independent movement they
hope to drive from cover."
Secretary Wilson said today that
the announced reduction In prices
was abnormal. He said It was due
to the fact that the drought In the
cattle raising country had increased
the cost of hay. The farmer with
cattle on his hands must pay $30 a
ton for his hay and rather than do this
he was sending his cattle and sheep
to market. This accounted for the
sudden derease In prices, he said.
"This tumble is not all normal and
win not all be permanent." declared
?Secretary Wilson, "but the plentiful
corp crop will enable the farmers to
fed freely and we should be at a
lower level of prices. Lower prices
are certain to come, because there
is no agreement to fix prices, no
combination between the farmer and
GOV, BROWN WILL APPOINT.
With Only Two Weeks Before Con?
gress Meets Brown is KxpectOd to
Atlana. Ga.. Nov. 16.?With only
about two weeks remaining before
the opening of congress, Gov Joseph
M. Hrown is expected to appoint a
United states senator to succeed the
late Senator Clay within the next
three or four days. The appointee
will serve only until the legislature
meets and regularly elects a success?
or to Senator Clay to fill out the un
crplred term, which ends March 4.
191 ?. The legislature, unless called
In extraordinary session will not
meet until June, 1911.
Several candidates have entered
the field f()r appointment until the
legislature elects a senator and for
election to fill out the unexplred term,
including former Gov. Jos. M. Ter?
rell. Judge W. A. Covlngton of Moul
trle, Ga., and C. It. Pendelton of Ma
con. Ex-Gov. Terrell was an ardent
supporter of Gov. Hrown In both
Campaigns of the latter, and friends
of the administration claim that Mr.
Terrell will receive the Interim ap?
pointment, although friends of Mr.
Pendleton, editor of the Macon Tele?
graph and former chairman of the
State Democratic executive commit?
tee, are urging Mr. Pendleton for the
Judge Covlngton has announced
his candidacy by letters to friends all
over the State for election by the
legislature next June or as the nomi?
nee in the apeclal primary, should
a special primary be oalled, Judge
Covlngton Is one of the strongest
prohibition leaders of the State.
M IK.MKXT AGAINST GLASS COM?
Supreme Court Holds Judgment of
j Dispensary Commlsalaon Against
Carolina tilass Company Valid but
! rneonatltutlonal in Regard to
< oiinty lllaponaaiice.
Columbia. Nov. 1:.--The Supreme
Court today held thai th<' judg?
ment of the Dispensary commission
against tin- Carolina Qlaas Company,
I ol Columbia, for alleged overcharges
against <>id state Dispensary, was
valid, but the court ruled that the
act oi i !? i o is unconstitutional In
so far as It attempts to confer ju?
dicial powers upon the commission
and to create ? lien upon the Qlaas
At the same Ilms the act is held
constitutional in fsr as it turns
over the county dispensary funds,
due to the Qlass Company and other
dispensary creditors, to the control
of the commission. Justice Hydrlck
draftee* the opinion.
ins't at be thy Country's, L*ny God's an
)AY, j.\OVEMiiER 19, 19
GARMACK'S SLAYER FREED.
VERDICT OF NOT GUILTY FOR
Attorney General Consents to Libcra
Mon of Man Once Convicted for
Kilting of Senator,
Nashville. Tenn., Nov. 15.?Hoi.in
J. Cooper, charged with the murder
of Senator Edward W. Carmack, was
given a verdict of not guilty in the
criminal court this morning on rec?
ommendation of A. B. Anderson, at?
torney general. Thus was brought to
a close the final chapter in one of the
most celebrated cases known to the
annals of the courts of Tennessee. In
striking contrast to the scenes mark?
ing the first trial of the case, when
the court room was packed almost to
suffocation, there were only a few
persons present. Counsel were prob?
ably the only persons there particu?
larly on account of this case. |
Robin Cooper came into the court
room some minutes before the time
for court to convene and took a seat |
at the table behind the railing. About I
ralf an hour later his counsel, Judge
J. M. Anderson, Gen. W. H. Washing?
ton, Chas N. Burch, Judge M. H.
Meeks and Judge J. C. Bradford en?
tered the court room and took seats
at the tabe. There was no counsel
associated with Attorney General
Anderson for the State and he stated
in recommending the verdict of not
guilty, that no human being had said ,
one word to him in connection with
any prosecution during the two and
one-half months he has been attor?
Judge A. B. Neil then stated to the
jury that in view of the statement of
the attorney general, the sworn offi?
cer of the State, and in view of the
further fact that there is no further ,
effort made to prosecute the case, the
Jury would return a verdict of not
guilty, which was accordingly done. |
Counsel for the defense had noth?
ing to say during the proceedings and j
at the conclusion Gen. Washington
arose and stated to the court that
they would retire. The defendant left
the court room with his counsel. I
Senator Carmack was killed on
Seventh avenue of this city on the
evening of November 9, 1908.
A NEW CURE FOR INEBRIATES.
Mayor Gibbes, of Columbia, Has
Discovered u Cure which He Is
Willing for All Mayer's to Try.
Columbia, Nov. 1G.?Mayor W. H.
Gibbes. who has watched with much |
interest the various lhpior cures, has
bad presented to him a prescription
for the cure of inebriates. Mayor
Gibbes originated the idea of giving
free Of charge cures to drunkards
who have been indicted in the police
The last cure, the formula of
which will be furnished mayors of
other cities on request, was prepar- .
ed by a Newberry physician of high
standing, has been examined by Dr. '
J. W. Babcock, president of the
State hospital for the Insane, and
has been used in Columbia for a
month. Dr. Babcock says the for
mula is simple and harmless in its
application, and has decided to ex?
periment with it at the hospital, j
Mayor Gibbes would be glad if ,
mayors Of cities who may be inter
ested would correspond with him on '
STILL DISCUSS GRAFT CASE.
Praise Bestowed on !>otli Jury and
Attorney General Lyon. |
Columbia, Nov. 1G.?Carolina news-;
papers continue to discuss the vor- |
diet in the Chester graft case, and 1
the papers almost without exception,
applaud the jury, the judge and at?
torney general on the outcome. Many
of the papers have criticised the law?
yers for the defense In their methods
of conducting their case, the conten?
tion being that really good lawyers
would not stoop to attempt to pre?
judice a jury against a witness?tac?
tics that were attempted at Chester.
Praise is bestowed on Attorney Gen
earl J. Fr?ser Lyon for the able
manner in which he took care of
the Btute's Interest.
Conference of \. Si, K. C'hurrli.
i Columbia, Nov. 16.?'The Colum
btt conference of the \. M. E. church
; met bete this morning with Bishop
Ii, r Lee, I?. i>.. of Wllberforce,
( Ihlo, presiding. The colored Meth?
odist church was organised in South
Carolina In 1866 and now has sa.
000 members. No other colored
church In the state, says Rev. I. B.
Lowery, 1? so rich, the four confer?
ences of this church supporting Allen
University in Columbia. The con?
ference will be in session several
Kl Truth's." rilK TRI]
DIAZ JABS AMERICANS.
sarcasm detected in phrase
of his message to taft.
t<m# Subtle for Retaliation?south
American Diplomats chuckle,
While Stuto Department Lament
! President's Absence.
Washington. Nov. 14.?The State
Department, while outwardly smiling,
is inwardly raging over the conclud
1 ing sentence in the message sent to
President Taft yesterday by Presi?
dent Diaz, of Mexico, concerning the
points at issue between the two
In his message, President Diaz
j uses these words: "The Mexican Gov?
ernment offers to repress with all the
vigor of law any attempts whatever
against American citizens residing
there, which are not to be expected,
' considering the culture of the peo
j pie." These words end the dispatch
which Diaz begins by speaking of
; the solidity of the relations between
Mexico and the United States, and
diplomatic circles ponder over them
the more as they are convinced that
the last 12 words are a deliberate
and intentional piece of satire on the
part of the Mexican president.
"Considering the culture of the
people" is an entirely new phrase in
diplomatic language. It seems never
to have been used before and South
American revresentatlves in Wash
I ington have been chuckling over it
' ever since the Diaz dispatch was
made public ysterday afternoon. The
' unanimous opinion among them is
I that President Diaz intended it as a
sarcastic comment upon the conduct
! of American citizens in Mexico. State
Department officials privately take
1 the same view of it, but publicly pro?
fess to see nothing to cavall at in the
I It is also conceded that develop?
ments may easily arise which will
make the situation between Mexico
and the United States exceedingly
acute, and that the President's ab?
sence from the country at this time
is somewi.it embarrassing, as well
\ as unfortunate.
In the reply to President Diaz, it
is understood, no notice will be tak< n
j of the unusual language contained in
his dispatch, but it is said this reply
Will be delayed sufficiently long to
make it plain that the United States
BSCS the satire through the veil of
polite diplomacy. It will not be
sent, according to report, until the
return of President Taft from Pana?
The situation in Mexico, it is be?
lieved at the State Department, will
in the end be settled paclAcaJy and
satisfactorily. A message from Am?
bassador Wilson was received today
In which he stated that the Mexican j
Government was living sincerely up (
to its promise to protect American j
citizens and that things seemed to be
quieting down. President Taft, be?
ing in Panama, knows little or noth?
ing of the recent development and
the State Department labors under a
disadvantage in not being able to
consult with him at a time like this.
In response to Diaz's message, the
State Department has telegraphed
the Governors of Texas and Oklaho?
ma asking them io prevent an at?
tempt to lynch the Mexican who
killed the Chief of Police ..t Anadarko
The State Department has not
been a be to confirm the report that
Rodriguez was not a Mexican, but a
native-born American, but it is ex?
pected that Investigation now in prog?
ress will clear up that point.?Baltl
I more Sun.
ELECTION IN DARLINGTON.
F. C. Dennis Chosen Ma>or auid Six
Aldermen are Fleeted.
Darlington, Nov. ir>.?The primary I
t>> nominate town officials was held
here today and resulted as follows:
For mayor. 10. C. Dennis (unopposed)
six abb linen In the following order:
I A. ilytnan. D. M. Salisbury. B. A.
Early, t>. T. McKelthan, C. w. Hew?
itt and P. J. Boatwrlght. Mr. Dennis
' has been tln> town's attorney for the
past several years.
J A great deal of Interest wss taken'
in tin- election, nine having Bled their
pledgi s for positions on the council.
< (UTiiN III ItNFD AT vix'olv.
Twenty-five Bales in Car Kn Route
to Charleston Destroyed.
Alcolu, Nov. 16.?A ?ar containing
twenty-five bsles of cotton, belonging
to the Aleohi Railroad Company, was
destroyed by tire at an early hour
here Sunday morning. The origin of
the Are is unknown. The car was
brought in off of the Alcolu Railroad
Saturday, and was in transit to Char?
a) SOUTHRON, BsthftSashSSl ,lnnr. ISM
Vol. XXXI. No. 25.
THOS. WILSON, TRUSTEE.
M MTER CAPITALIST ivn R yc.
?KD IN COLUMBI V* NI
Nine Wdl Known M \ ? >?? utattre
Of Various Sc* vnN or the stat*
Will Conti" . v .try of The Newa,
the Nrv N\> oing PSDCT of Colum?
bia? * \ Trust for Twcatf
Columbia. No\ l.r>?Nine trustees
will have a 20 year voting trust up?
on the stork of The News Publish?
ing Company, whirh will print a
morning paper here. An increase of
capital stock to $200,000 from $6t,
000 has been authorized. The trust?
ees are Joseph Norwood, of Colum?
bia and J. E. Norwood, of Newberry,,
Thmas Wilson, of Sumter, W. W.
Barre, of Lexington, Lester Webb,
E. O. Black, George R. Koester, of
Columbia, Frank Watkins, of An?
derson, James Moss, of Calhoun.
NOBEL PRISE FOR LITERATURB.
Ot>mmflttre Make* Award for 1910 to
Stockholm. Sweden, Nov. 14.?The
Nobel prize committee awarded the
prize for literature for 1910 to Paul
Heys-e, the German poet and novel?
Heyes was bora in Berlii in 1830
and has produced some tragedies,
many narratives and epic poems
and several works on philology, aa
well as collections of metrical tales
HARMON AND WILSON IN 1912
Proposed IH'morrntic standard-bear?
ers. Arrording to Senator Money.
Washington, Nov. 14.?That Gover?
nor Judson Harmon is the moat
available man for the next Demo?
cratic Presidential nomination is the
opinion o' ??nator Hernando Money,
of Mississippi. Democratic leader la
the Senate, who arrived here today
from New York, where he attended
a conference o' the members of the
monetary commission. Tne Senator
Is elated at the recent election result
and sees the Democratic party mov?
ing forward to a great national vic?
tory in 1912. Speaking of Governor
Harmon, of Ohio, Senator Money
said: ,'He combines the essential
qualities of leadership. His honesty,
integrity, his courage and the ster?
ling soundness of his Democracy, hie
unparalleled personal triumph la
sweeping Ohio?the President's owa
State?the inspiration which his great
victory, given Democrats everywhere
are a few of the things that make
him an ideal candidate. He is a
strict constitutional and State's right
Senator Money thinks that the
Democrats of the ltd Congress should
revise the Payne-Aldrieh tariff at the
earliest opportunity, without refer?
ence to the tariff commission. The
Senator mid that in New York the
Democrats were discussing Harmon
and Wood row Wilson iVs the next
Democratic nominees for President
and \ iee President, respectively.
A SERIOUS PROBLEM.
State Health Otlirvr View* Prolmblc?
Epidemic or Infantile Paralysig
With Grave Apprehension.
Columbia, Nov. 16.?That not few?
er than K)0 sasss of infantile oaraly
s?is?known to the medical profession
as anterior poliomyelitis?occurred in
this State during the period between
May 21 and October IT.. is the opin?
ion of the State health oshcer, Pr.
C. F. Williams. Dr. Williame was
unebbte to secure from the physi?
cians definite reports on more than
*r> insts for that period. Death su
perven? d In ten cam B, making the
mortality rate more than ll per rent
"What a aotior year mill bring."
I >r. Williams > ys, '*we of course
cannot predict, but from the 1 11 1
thus fai reported, it must be evident
that we are facing ? serious prob?
Curiously pin ugh the llsease itt
Phis State has I e. 1 round hardly at
all above the "fall 1 ' which cross
is South Carolina transversely, puss
lag through Iii? bland COUOty. Char?
leston has had the only epidemic.
Anterior Poliomyelitis has been
added by the state board of health
to the list of dmeases the occurrence
of which' physicians are required to
report, it is the earnest arleh of the
board that the doctors shall give
every Sid possible toward minimiz?
ing the danger from this dreaded
Our seeomt mother, habit, Is also
a good mother.?Auerbach.