Newspaper Page Text
f|M ><umter Watchman was* found?
ed In lsftf and the True Southron In
lSf? The Watchman and Southtoi,
now has tha combined circulation and
Inrtucnce cf both of the old papers,
and la manifestly the beat advertising
medium la thimter.
PUUFI.S POST W\NTK1>.
blent llarreU Says Insurgents,
1 tegular* and m ? \ u> Mu-u (.et
Bvy niul PrtvtoV Ttsl* Necessity for
the \ merit-tin Fanner.
To the Officers and Munhera of the
National In its scope, and including
?very shade of political belief In
America. It Is essential that the Far?
mers' Union get together in a non
partlslam program for reforms In
which they are mutually Interested,
regardless of political divisions or
One of these reforms?or rather ad?
vancements?I believe It Is our spe?
cial duty to push at the forthcoming
session of congress Is the establish?
ment of a parcels post.
Last session. I took a census of con?
gress and found that enough repre?
sentatives and senators were In favor
?or at leest said they were In favor
?of this feature to secure Its en?
actment In some form.
It hi now Incumbent upon us to get
In behind all congressmen alike and
make them redeem this promise.
There is Just one obstacle In the
way. That la the avarice of the ex?
press companies, and of a few small
merehnnts who affect 11 believe their
lues will be depleted by a par
It is time the express companies
stopped cutting melons at the public
?smenee. and It is time they stopped
halting rural developments In this
gountry because af their lust for div?
Congressmen all look alike to us;?
Insurgents or regulars, democrats
or republlcatns. populist or socialist
?It I* up to them to come across and
gtv*. ?t? entire | >untry
Wants SJId th*1 B. rain ?n logically
er h.*>ne?ti> oppoae.
W ' in.Tcelr post
sjjssjemenl vlth n" J>ni, with a
maximum weight oi 1 , ounds. with
the postage 12 cents per pound. The
maximum weight inside this side Is
four pounds. The rate la If cents a
pound If you want to send a four
pound package even 10 miles, it will
eost you '?en**. fou could send It
to Napbs ? r T o:?.| >r for IS eSjhgg,
If i p ? fo t is rb'ht. profitable
.u. I fee, ir on pn Intel national
standpoint, p is right, logical tnd
goofltnhle from a national stand?
The American farmer has an espe?
cial Interest in an American parcels
In Eng bind Where the maximum la*|
11 pounds an,! ?he . r ?treasonable
the farmev* *?s y.hlpplng eggs and
other tru k i roducts by post at such
rates nm mike It profit iMo t*? raise
C< is'der what the American ex?
press companies' chain- you for 11
poufi I? of your firm producta eith?
er fo- 50 or f.00 miles, an 1 you see
where v. ii ure being; bled
Consider what It would mean If
you had tbe advantage of the British
stottagfe It would IncresjM? the vj'ue
of thousands of farms by a large
That Is Just one of the farmer's
N ire paving needle** tribute on
every or nee of supplies you receive,
In the express cbisslfh-ation. to the
express companies The aggregate
totals a tax of millions upon Ameri?
can farmers each y-tr There Is no
Justice, no sense In this practice.
There Is another side to It. often
you ire compelled t> b>*<. tim.? an I
spend money. sending int > your
county site for t ?o|s food, i 1 dhlng
or other supplies. A parejajg post,
working In connection with the ru?
ral phone or the mail Itself, would
reduc ? that expense by a great Idg
It I? this s&m* rural parcels post
thai doe* iwny with the argument of
the ?mall merchant against the pro?
posed Inn >\ at! ?n II i < tr ob would
Immrnselv prolt by It. And. at any
rate, he cannot hope mu< h longer to
deficit every Itom of farm trade from
the Bj miio-torlng centers, where
prh ? * too t he i helper, to himself
Tb? IS are some "f the b .ing rea
sons ?hv the fafSg r. why evt ry
Amen in ? USSSB BgJOSJld hg In favor
of n i post Proper pressure
this season bv letter and < >*? ersa
ibn upon seSgSjesesSBjefl g| every mrtv
v%'ll g?*t results before tlie end of next
('barb s s II irreft.
Fnlon < ity. O.t . <>ct. 31. 1910
Some of the milk dealers In Sum
ter have found It necessary to put
the price of milk up to 10 cents per
SJSMflj owing to the high price of
cow feed. A cow that was fed best
fall at a cost of IVIO ncr month
now require* $7.70 to give her the
. ration. It Is said that milk In
Columbia sells for 1J cents p"r
(l oiuliK ted by B? W. Rahhs, Pre
t otuity Farmers' I'nion Meeting on
In less than two weeks the Sumter
Comity I'nion will meet in the court
house for the annual election of of
fgsafg, Each local Union should
send its best members as delegates?
men who are loyal to every principle
of Unionism, and who wdll be capa?
ble of selecting officers who will car?
ry forward, and Improve upon the
good work that we have begun here
m Sumter county.
Wit I .moot promise an entertain?
ing and Instructive speaker like Hro.
Holloa)Vy proved to be it our last
me.ting, but there will be enough
business to keep the members busy
without an aldress.
All local I'nions should have their
reports in the hauls of the secretary
before the me. ting.
E. W. Dabbs. Pres.
Hugh WUherspo.m. Sec.
WUBAY, fllU ORKATKaTI RRi:\i>
( IcniMon Extension Work?Artic le
To obtain bread has ever been the
struggle of mankind. The want of
It has caused wars and the change
of dynasties. Through the ages, the
ever constant cry ha.s been cheaper
bread. Today with all of our com?
plex civilisation that demand Is as
potent as ever and to obtain it
economically will be the greatest
problem for future gem-rations to
solve. Wheat is. as it has been since
history began, the main cereal from
which bread is made. It is the moat
valuable crop of the world. No Other
crop is adapted to such a wide di?
versity Of soil and climate. It Is
grows within the Artie circle and
over the F.quat '!?. Each year the
worl 1 consumes more than 3,000,00?),
000 bushels of this cereal.
The South should produce |ta own
bread anil it will when Its fanners
fully realize the advantage and full
value of diversified farming. Piver
silled farming is the one key that
will unlock the ehest of g old that
lies hidden In every acre of our
land. To diversify properly, we must
grow all iiops in systematic rotation.
The best syst-m of crop rotation for
the South Is one that contains a
winter cdver crop. This cover crop
can be either a winter legume, such
ns bur clover, crimson clover or
vetch, or a cereal, such as wheat,
oats, barley or rya, If the toll is
Impoverished and lu great n e 1 of
improvement, one of the legU. ies
with rye should be sown to be turn?
ed under In the spring. If. howev?
er, the land is highly Improved sn I
was wen fertilised tie- previous
spring and summet, either oats ,,r
wheat should 1 ? planted. Wheat is
not a profitable < rop sxespt when
grown on rich bmd. Tie- phenoml
nally high yields of OOrn that have
been produced in various sections of
this State ?lurlng the past feat years
are < onvlncin.-r. We know that we
have u great corn country, and this
year South Carolina will probsbi
produce as much as f>0,000.000 bush?
els of com. Where these Isrge
\ iehls a?f corn were obtained, the
land will be sufficiently Improved for
w heat. There are thOUSSjAds of acres
of land In this State that were plant?
ed In corn this season and highly
fertilized that should be sown down
In wheat this fall. Now is the time
to sow; it Is not too late, Wheat can
be pleated as lets as the middle of
The type of soil best lultsd 10
wheat Is the (day loam. Hefore
planting the land should he thor
oughly prepared by plowing as deep
;ts possible and thoroughly harrow?
ing. Clesason Col legs Experiment
Rtatton has tested a number of va?
rieties of wheat and the varieties
that have given the best results ;irc
the Red May and the P.lue Straw.
Heed of these Varieties can be ob?
tained at any of the leading seed
hoir^s l'efore sowing. the seed
hould ,,,, treated with ? solution of
copper sulphate to destroy the smut.
This solution la made h\ dissolving
pounds of copper sulphate in io
or "o gallons of water, using ? wood
den vessel In which to make the mix?
ture. After the seed havs been dip?
ped for a few minutes, they should
be spread out to dry before sow?
ing, PoUr to six pe. k.s Of seed per
11 fg should be sow n
Wheat, Use batb-r. ahould maks a
good growth early In the fall and
unless the Hessian fly Is prevalent in
the neighborhood! it should be sown
any time after the nrsl of October.
What can. however, be sown later
than other of the eerSSlS, The se? d
can be sown dtber broadcast or
harrowed In Ol planted with i grain
for Practical Farmers
?Idem Farmers' Union of Bum tee
drill. The latter method is the best
for the seed ere placed far enough j
below the surface to obtain sum- I
clent moisture to cause immediate
Wheat Ifl a heavy feeder on phos?
phorous and nitrogen. therefore it
should be liberally fertilized with
phosphoric acid and ammonia. At
least 300 or 400 pounds of acid phos?
phate and 100 pounds of cotton seed
meal, or its equivalent, should be
applied at the time of sowing; and
another application should be made
the first of March, a similar amount
being used. At the time the latter
application is made, nitrate of soda
at tlic rate Of lOO pounds per acre
should be applied. Most of the clay
lands of the Piedmont setlon of tins
State contain a sufficient amount of
p t ash for wheat. When when plant
?d on tic- lands of the coastal plain
should i.e fertlllded With kalnlt or
potash. A second application of nl
trats of soda <>r about 50 pounds
Shuld be made tin- middle of April.
A small patch of wheat should be
grown on every farm for early spring
graslag and as a forage crop. Wheat
makes the best hay possible if it is
cut while in the dough stage.
Prof, J. X. Harper, Director.
S. c. Kxperlment Station.
CLARENDON'S CORN RAISERS.
Severn! Made over One Hundred
Bushels on the Acic ? IVi/.es
Manning. Nov, If,?The corn ex?
hibit of the boys' corn clubs and
contest for prizes, has engaged the
attention of a large crowd in town
today. Features of the occasion
wert int. resting .and Instructive ad?
dresses by Messrs Williams and
Smith, superintendent of the corn
farm demonstration work. Of the
110 members of the boys* corn clubs.
live raised over 100 bushel* of corn
per acre. The first prize WSI award?
ed to Purman Broadway, 1$3 bush?
els, $21; second plae, Jake Williams,
bushels, *H>: third prize. Miss
[Hannah Plowden, a 15-fear-old girl.
[120 bushels. $5; Julian Creeey. 1 in
? bushel*, special prize; T. J. StUkCSi
I 107 bushels, two prizes, $13. A
I number of other prizes were award
ed for best bushels of shelled corn,
heaviest ear ol corn, best ten ears in
the several local (dubs, lowest cost
per bushel, etc, but it was late when
the committee got through with the |
work ami the list cannot be given to?
night it is probable that Claren?
don County will be well rep1 resented
at the state corn exhibit soon to be
held in Columbia.
aV\Y8 SPAIN NE ARS REVOLUTION
lames J, \riohha!d Tells Of Visit to
hon Jahne Dc Buorbon.
New York. NOV. 1'?. ? Following
visits to pon Jaime de Bourbon, the
1 Spanish pretender, and to Spain and
! Portugal, Mr. James J. Archbald, of
Washington, returned here today on
board the Amerika, of the Hamberg"
I American line, convinced that the
| country at present ruled by King Al?
fonso s >on will he in a state of revo?
lution. He went abroad to study
conditions in Spain and Portugal and j
! believes that he succeeded In ohtain
! Ing a dear insight into the situation.:
? I visited Don Jaime at Tr?bsdorf
rear Vienna." Mr. Archibald said,
end found him and his relatives to
be charming folk, democratic and
ph asing in their character and. man
' to rs. The Pretender to the throne
j of Alfonso believes revolution Is at
hand in Spain, but that it will come
without himself being a reason for
it. He deplored the chaotic condi?
tions In Spain and explained the sys?
tem of mi.' tiu ie lias been brought
through Untactful and needless ac?
tion against the Catholic Church and
through failure to foster the indus?
tries of the people and the natural
resources of the country.
"My Investigations' in Portugal
have led me to believe that King
Manuel could have kept hll throne
If he had walked out among his sol?
diers and told them he would stand
by them. Iiis actions are regarded
among his people as cowardly."
\ KELLEY Kil l
Hick Kelly Went to Home of .fake
BroWQ, Where He I?. Fatally Shot.
rlartsvtlle, Nov. If.?Dick Kelly, a
young white man, resident of Dar?
lington, but formerly ?f Kelly Town
section, live miles from here, was
fatally sind bist night by bis father*
ln-law. .lake Rrown, at Mr. P.rovvn's
j home In the above named section.
Mr. Brown was taking cave ?.f
Kelly's wife his (Brown's) daughte
and her children. Kelly died this
Tli< New Piano Store.
Btricty speaking the store is not en
tirely a new venture in Bumter. ?.
l. Till ? well known merchant of
Manning, S. C, entered Sumter
about a year ago with several ear
loads Of pianOS und sold them in a
very short time to some of tie- most
prominent people in town. Mr. Till
is the factory distributor for the well
known Hallet (Si Davis piano, of Bos?
ton. Mass., an instrument of world
Wide fame. The steady demand lor
these instruments has Induced Mr,
Till to open a permanent branch
store at 18 \V. Liberty St. Quoting
from a letter Mr. Till recently wrote
to the public he says: "In this age
of progress and educational uplift,
can you afford to be without a
piano? What is home without a
piano? Is there any reason why!
you should not have one, why your
home should not be musical?"
It is a fact that the American
home is the criterion by which for?
eign nations endeavor to set their
ideals, and the greatest factor in de?
veloping the home Ufa of America
is music, and the most adaptable in?
strument for that purpose has been
and is the piano.
The Hallet and Davis piano has
been one of the leading makes for)
over three quarters of a century,!
used and enjoyed by nearly all of the
colleges and public institutions in I
the United States. It can be truy
said that it has done its share in de?
veloping the home life of the Ameri?
can people, it is only recently that
Mr. Till sold over half a carload to
Coker College at Hartsvtlle.
Mr. Fred IfsrgOtt, the special
Repr?sentative of the Hallet ft
Davis Piano Co., of Boston, is here
for a short time to assist Mr. Till in
developing his piano trade and has
received the consent of the firm to
give a piano away free to the one
writing the words "Hallet & Davis
pianos." the greatest number of
times. This is merely to give the
Hallet & Davis Piano Co.. the widest
publicity. The rules for obtaining
the valuable prize are given in the
advertisement in another part of
Work will be resumed on the gas
plant about the first of December.
Already all of the machinery is here
and vary little work has to be done
besides the laving of the pipes.
Tin- extra train from Florence to
Atlanta Will probably be put on
about the first o.\ December. It has
not been run so far because there has
not yet been any demand for it.
Sanitary drinking foundtalns have
been Installed on the grounds of all
of the city schools now. These
fountains are a great Improvement
rver the old system of drinking from
dippers and buckets, and have been j
installed at a very reasonable cost.
it is to be hoped that local dealers
?grocers, butchers, etc?will hear j
about the decline In pries of Hour,
sugar, meats and other articles of
Almost as much cotton has been
sold on this market this fall as hud,
the price has averaged consider?
ably higher than last season and :ill
< onditlons seem to have been favor
aide for an exceptionally large trade
for the retail merchants, but so far
as obtainable information goes,
business has been no better, prob?
ably not so good, as last year. There
> no dispensary here to absorb the
surplus money and injure trade, so
what is the explanation?
Unless the electric light company
gives better lights than they have
been furnishing their patrons re?
cently, the gas company ?will not find
it such a difficult task to build up a
business as has been predicted. The
? lectrlc lights have not been anything
like as brilliant as they were a year
ago and. at tines, the lights are BO
red and dim that it is amost Impos?
sible to read by them, a year or
such a matter ago the service was
all that could he expected or desired,
and it is a pity the company finds it
Impossible or Inexpedient to main?
tain the same excellent standard all
Unless the two candidates for
Auditor bestir themselves and arouse
some enthusiasm among their friends
and supporters, the second special
primary, which Is to be held next
Tuesday, will he a failure, Nobody
seems to be interested.
There arc many would-be hunters
who ate very much upset this season
because of the scarcity of good bird
dogs. Several of them have offered
fine prices for the dotfs, hut were un?
able to secure them at any price.
To Sellers of Cotton.
< ?wantf to the quantity of mixed
pa. ke.i cotton that is coming in we
are forced to require all sellers to
bring their cotton up street where
we can have an opportunity of ex?
amining it carefully on both sides.
.1. Chapman linger,
.las. F, Glenn,
C. P. Kxum.
I'.. .1. Barnett,
Ducker ?<? l lultman,
Darby ,\l Co.
O'Dpnnell aV Co.
ll-l 6-3tl?a it
Bonbons and Chocola
mouth water to thinl
always fresh; the high
"None likt W
DEMOCRAT FROM CALIFORNIA.
Democrats Have Inserted Wedge by
Election of One Representative
From Pacific State
San Francisco, Nov. 16.?Califor?
nia will send one Democrat and sev?
en Republicans to the next house of
representatives, instead of a solid
lb-publican delegation. The complete
returns from the official count of the
First district show that Judge J. E.
Haker (Dem) has a plurality of ILM
votes over W. F. Knglebright (Rep.,
incumbent. Englohri^ht's plurality
two years ago was r.,5D3.
Sounding a Warning,
The printing of the following ar?
ticle in the columns of the Colum?
bia State, just at this time, when ar?
rangements are being made by cer?
tain foolish, or public-spirited, citi?
zens to begin the publication of a
daily newspaper in Columbia in com?
petition with The State, strikes us
as quite the most humorous thing
we have run across recently:
"The discussion going the round
of the daily papers ;is to whether the
report that Andrew Carnegie or John
1 >. Rockefeller propose to^ establish
an endowed newspaper is true or
not suggests that they might study
the old story about the contract made
between the devil and a man who
was anxious to have an ample sup?
ply of money for all his needs.
"In order to secure the money de?
sired he made a contract to sell his
soul a the devil, with the stipulation
that he was to be supplied with un?
limited money tor any w ild extrava?
gance or any purpose of any kind for
which he desired to use it. He r?ud
the deVil Were to meet OCCSUEI Ulla 11V
and at such meetings he was to re?
port the amount expended end get a
new Bupply for future extravagance.
Having mane tin- contract, the devil
supplh d him with money in abund?
ance, w hich in- ciub avored to the best
of his ability to spend. He indulged
in ya hs and last corses and high
living and the owning <. f many homes
in different lands, but still he could
not get rid of all the money that the
devil willingly furnished in return for
tin- bargain of bis soul. At last, how?
ever. It entered into his bead to pub?
lish a newspaper. He undertook \h<3
establishment of such an enterprise,
and into this he poured the money
which the devil had furnished him so
freely, satisfied that there was no
limit to the amount of money that
could be furnished. Rut in less than
a year the devil sought a conference
and told him that while he had been
able In fulfilling the contract for the
purchase Of his soul to furnish the
almost unlimited amount of money
that he had been spending, he WOUld
be compelled to cancel the contract
and let him take back his soul, as he
could not provide money enough to
run a newspaper, and he would rath?
er cancel the contract and give back
the man's soul than undertake the
job.?Manufacture rs Record.
To the Democratic voters of Bumter
It is your duty as a good citizen
to vote on next Tuesday, the 22nd
inst. for County Auditor, whether that
ballot be for be or for my opponent.
It was my duty to myself and my
friends to insist that the box of
Ward L' of Sumter, which was unin?
tentionally out of place, be found and
its vote tabulated which necessitated
a second primary.
is it not time for s cltlsen of the
County to have a county office? Win
it not foster good feeling betaken
*'ity and County? So Important to
the welfan of both by helping this
time t ? elect a countryman whether
you live n the city or the country.
I profess to be familiar with the
duties of the office and ;?tn anxious
to perform them on my own re?
sponsibility. I have h heart to
servo, and to accommodate my
friends and strangers too. Please
bear In mind two points: Remember
If you put the harness on me that
w ill tit.
And to thos< who do not know me,
take notice of the fact that In the
first primary I lost not a single vote
In my township, i will gratefully
remember this to the end of my
life. No man could expect <>r hope
for more from his neighbors and
Vote as you think wisest and best
and no one should complain.
T. S. STUCKEY.
1 1-lS-lL't. W-lt
tes that just make your
z about. Always pure,
lest grade candies made.
RAIDS UPON ALABAMA SALOON'S.
\> Result of Personal Visit by Comer,41
Montgomery PoUcs Make Whole?
sale Clean-n p.
Montgumtry, Ala.. Nov. 13.?As
result (?1* a personal visit by Gov.
Comer to nearly all the saloons in the
city last night, in many of which he
witnessed the sale of beer and whis-^
key. in violation of the prohibition
laws, wholesale raids were made this
afternoon and before sundown it is
estimated that $35,000 worth of liquor
had been carted away by officers,
j The raids followed a conference bcr^_
I tween the governor 8h< r iff Hoo i^
i hut what transpired at the confer
| ence could not be learned.
A DEMOCRATIC CONFERENCE.
Baltimore Sun Urges the \\ i-dom o^
Raving Such a (fathering.
(From the Baltimore Sun.)
The path of the great Democratic
i victory in New York was made
? straight by a meeting of party levi
I ers which took place some time be
j fore the campaign began. The char- ,
aeter of the men who composed thatu
j meeting and the sentiments e x press
! ed by them inspired confidence in
! the party. It had its effect upon the
! State Convention and largely brought
! about the wise nominations made by
that body and the excellent platforms
j it adopted.
I It il believed that a ?miliar confer
I ence here in Baltimore of Democrat^
from all sections of the country would
be in the same manner helpful in
strengthening the party, in Knapping
! out its present course and determm*4
Ing its future policies. This is a erlti
cal moment for the Democratic party
and it needs the united wiadom of
:.ll its leaders. If they will come to?
gether in the spirit of true Democ?
racy and 'with an earnest dos*re to
carry out the pledges of the campaign
platforms and to promote the inter-4(
? Its of the people, there will be lit?
tle difficulty in agreeing upon a po?
litical programme that will mean
not only success but WeU-desStSed
popular confidence. Last wok's election
was not so much the victory of the
j Democratic party as the victory of |
the people, and the people will hold
the party to a strict accountability in
th?- exercise Of the authority with
which it has been Invested, it has
promise^ certcin definite tbnigs, tariff
reform and the economical adminis?
tration of j ||bile affairs in particular. .
and It will fall to redeem these prom
[ Ises at Us peril. The people must
be convinced that the party is pro?
gressive as well SS conservative?
that it will progress in advocating
good government and In advancing
the material welfare of the country.4
and that it will be conservative in
maintaining the Constitution and
form of government and in the ex?
penditure of the public money.
The proposed Baltimore confer*
( nee, to w hich, it has Veen suggest?
ed, formal imitations should be b>
sued by the Governor, the two Mary- '
land Senators and the two Demo?
cratic members of the present House
I who hav e been re-elected?namely.
Messrs Talhott and Covington?will
be composed. In the main, probably
of members of the two houses of
?Congress, it cannot fall to be help?
ful to members of Congress to con?
sult with wise and patriotic rfien of
their party who are not in Congress.
Th. idea in calling the conference) is
not to have it usurp the legislative
functions of Congress. The Demo
j cratfc members of that body are
doutblem entirely competent to take
, care of the party's interests there.
I But much good can come from a
j friendly and patriotic conference of
I Democratic leaders at ? time when
j the party should have the benefit of
iall the suggestions and advice which i
! t can get from tlUMM who love it
j and desire to see it restored to eom
I plete supremacy.
The general attitude of the party
I toward the popular demands for re?
form, as well as toward the business
interests of the country, should be
made plain, just as the attitude of
the party In New York 'was made
plain by the conference of Demo?
cratic leaders in that State. A strong,
ringing,, straightforward declaration
of faith r d purpose by tha leading
Democrats of the country bist at this
juncture. With the statement of a
definite general programme, would
strengthen it immeasurably in every
section and with all classes of peo?
ple, and WOUld pave the way tO fttr>
I ther and enduring triumphs.