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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, June 22, 1912, Image 4

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1912-06-22/ed-1/seq-4/

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MMMfc* d WeuneMlay und Saturday/.
?BY ?
?STEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
SI MTKK, g. C.
Termii:
fl.lt par annum?In advance.
AdvertlaevneuUi:
?we Square first Insertion.$ 1 .OS
Bvery subsequent Insertion.6*
Contracts for three months, or
langer will bs made st reduced ratts.
All communications which sub
serve private interes's will be charged
?er as advertiaemenia.
Obituaries and tributes of rsspoct
will be charged for.
Che Sumter Watchman was found?
ed in 1*50 and the True Soutrron In
lift The Watchman and Southron
now ha* the combined circulation and
t*A-<eae?c? cf both of the old papers.
?xsmB v manifsatly tha beat advertising
sandten? In Sumter.
* The " Sumter Plan" of city govern?
ment is destined to attract as much
attention and become as famous as
lh? Oalveaton or DesMolnes plans.
And this has an advertising value that
W hard to estimate.
see
The three men who constitute the
sity gnsnjng of Sumter for the next
six yeiira will become known from one
end of America to the other?favor?
ably It the demonstration that business
methods can he auccessfully applied
to the government of a town of 10.
?Oo population, otherwise if the sys
:**an should not measure up to ex
nectations. The plan is theoretically
correct and the system Is designed for
efficiency?It all depends upon the
men in control.
see
We regret that lack of space and
the press of other news matters
nmkea It impoaatble to print In full
:hw testimony taken in Charleston by
the legislative Investigating commit?
tee In the matter of the graft and
blind tiger charges made by Mayor
Grace. The testimony of a number
at blind tiger dealers establishes be?
yond doubt that they have been pay?
ing stated, auma each month for pro?
tection i tad that so l >ng as they paid
reg ilanly they were not raided, ex
oejgtf/as a matter of form, their places
were not searched and their Stocka
>wt BgjneS wrr r d stlnmd ? ? ? blind
flfr ??(>r.' th>. . h*? paid s? nf ?f t i
get* th natsdtanenjAi el r?*-.**t direct?
ly ig Conatabl Mothari bui the ma
sonty isuiu inns m.
regularly collected by the wholesale
liquor dealers, who framed up the
gntft protection with the authorities.
Twv. of the constable:* swore that they
'tot permitted to ggjgg the liquor
Of, the* wholesalers, even when they
saw K k*dng hauled through the
*tceets >n*jf arfter lay. Conditions are
certainly in a mess) and the fact that
Mind tiaeViam in rampant In Char?
leston haa been established by the
sworn teatlmony of the tigers them
selvt*. aieo the fact that Mayor Grace
rnri ingnlxant of the fact since
long rVf.?re his election; and also that
Qov. I.lease knew what was going on
and that he was on Intimate t. rms
?m.trt the tigers. Whole* |g li'iu<?r deal?
er* who furnished ihe tigers with
Vieaor. ?oll.-ct.-d th. wraft money and
gggnnnjad lag then pr. let lloa and that
Of* e..4t.iin. ?1 the crafting constables,
gnor iJr <? h \ i m de mit a black
Jane w v nnt ? harlenton. the con
tta> < - m l. s ile liquor de ilers.
agers. nailsn himsetl tad Gov, idea-,
ana
We .or*' not aequ tinted with the de?
nt IM of th.. petition f the Hank of
Burnt* i that CRg Coonetl grant the
bank the right |g us-- BWVOffnl inchea
at th*- sMawnlt < itv property ?In
lb* erection of the new hank build
Wtg. ggM ggVeral tin n-s to used
a?to ifently by the hank. hut. on
re>? face of the matter, it is our ophV
k>n tha? UM majority Oi enejnjt il In
grantina Met request has eetanltalied
a nay] snissjofoejg peseedent. it is an
alienation of city prop.-rtv ffef pri?
vate use. and th*- next request may
oe for several feet, il *te id of inches.
?l?d th* reasons in support of the
aexl requenl may be as strong and
siell founded aa th?.e?? given In sup?
port of th.. report .f th.- Bank of
^uiot? r
a a a
<iov. I'deane had Otts gealottS frbnd
at th.- iM d?op\in?, meeting. Pollee?
Sias .i.trwlck. who vaulted on tto
aland and laid hll band on JttdgS
Jones' arm. I*nt was Informed by
Chairman Maker that his SSPVlCei
eer?? n ?t needed or wanted. Is the
Sjsjng I: M. Itarwb k. Who killed a ne?
in? at Mn? wood sonn N. ars ago. was
>r??Ml and convicted and subsequent?
ly pardon* d h\ ??o\ Chase. ? hie can
a*v*r t II when a pardon will come
n handy.
Sanford Sanders. ? OtOfed who
gews on in.- sHnlehnrg fond og Mr. II,
2 ii.fts - pines broosjtit In from his
farm ltd* nooning the BeCO?d COttOg
Moo n i <f en ?1 thi It.m ollbe Oil*
sjnentv
FARMERS' j
UNION^NEWS
Prwoelcal Thoughts for Practical
(Conducted by E. W. Dabb?. Pres?
ident 6- G barui*m Unlos.)
Some llnmlom Thought*.
Last Wednesday it was my good
fortUBl to moot with the Clarendon
County I'nlon at <?ak Grove school
house between Davis Station and
Suminerton. All the way from home
then- were signs of frost on the cot?
ton and one farmer told me he ac?
tually saw the frost Sunday morning,
the 9th. The greater part of the
crop, both corn and cotton, from
Salem. Black Hiver. to Brogdon Sta?
tion and on through Manning. Davis
Station and hack by the Stmmerton
road, are backward and grassy. Thous?
ands of acres that made tine crops
last year are so wet that corn and
cotton look yellow and it is a ques?
tion, if the yield . mounts to much
even, if the soil should dry out, and
this would mean a disastrous drought
on the well drained lands.
I $ I
It had been twenty-five years and
more since the w aiter was in the
Manning-Summefton section. and
this was the first trip through from
Manning to Davis Station and back.
Some of the finest farming country In
the State is to be found down there.
It was my first sight of the famous
Jake Mcl.eod farm near Manning,
and the Subiett farm near Summer
ton. There are others equally as
good, but these seem to have cap?
tured the public eye.
OOS
The Farmers' l"nb?n in Clarendon is
composed of a small band of the
fuithful, and they are doing good
work for their county. The Board
of Trade of Manning Is also thorough?
ly alive to the need of building up
the back country?the farms. That
there may be ever closer relations
between the two was part of my mis?
sion. Just as every business man of
a town should be in his hoard of
trade, or chamber of commerce, so
should every farmer be in the Far?
mers' Cnion.
?e?.tag ??>r tlie oomrti i hi 1
air.- r..' ',, . i WOl defined poll ?' "i
IIMU'kotiogi HSti <??..., ktulli
the products of the farm, it will he
seen In a few years that the southern
growers of cotton and the southern
banks can and will finance the cot?
ton crop.
In accordance with the call pub?
lished elsewhere there was held In
Sumter on Friday g most satisfac?
tory conference between the Farmers"
I'nlon and the bankers of the county.
As a result of this conference ample
funds will be provided at 6 per cent
t" < arry from October 1st to \lav 1st.
enough eotton in the Sumter terri?
tory to make effective a sy?tem of
gradual marketing. The banks here
though cannot be expected to carry
COlton for other markets and the
stomefi of oilier banka And the
rail of the President of the State
I'nion Is intended to secure m every
County in the State a unif? rm and
hearty co-operation between the far?
mers and the l inks in tie various
counties. Lot there be a friendly
dry among the counties as to
which oan shoo the beet reaulta
The circulation of money In South
Carolina today U at bast $10,000,000
1- SJ than it Would ha\e been if the
tu.liter had boon taken hold of last
l in time ami had bein made ef?
fective all OVor the cotton belt as we
hope will i,,. done this season. At
bust on,- million bales of last year's
Mouth Carolina crop of one million u\x
hundred thousand. was sold at a
price of .it least two cents per pound
loss than it should have brought,
This means that on in average in the
t" principal cotton counties of state
the people suffered s lose oi two hun?
dred ami fifty thousand dollari to the
counts-. We w i>>h our farmers and
beakeri would analyae this statement
carefully. It Is correct and we think
it is. they will tie bound to lee that
thl? worth working ami planning
f..r.
The committee ,?f the Farmern'
I'nion in a statement to the press
'ommcmhd tin cordial relations that
exist in Sumter between farmers ami
honkers fostered by both the union
ind 'he chamber of Commerce) to
the emulation of every county in the
cotton States When this Spirit pic
vaiis. and we hav> rid ourselves ot
the idea that Cure is ;, n t a gon ism. vv e
win i|ult working at >i<><-i purposes;
then, und re>t until then. will vv
reu II) < nme into our on n.
Tin committee am assured that the
warehouse fuctlltlei will be doubled
by time lo begin ntorlng cotton ami
urge our farmeis i.. inak< use of
them. They also urge better handling
of cotton In every way.
The state President has com?
municated With all the COttOn States
Presidents and the Chamber <?f Com?
merce ind Boardl of Trade, urging
them t"? join us in a concerted move?
ment having for its purpoae the unit?
ing of the growing, financing and
marketing Interests of the South tor
our mutual benefit,
Utopian dream? maybe so. But
we must either do it. or be left be?
hind in the march of the world's
progri ss.
To All County Presidents Farmers
I'nion.
Brethren: Please appoint or have
your union appoint three oi your host
men. a Committee, to meet the presi?
dents of the bankl in your county in
a joint conferent e. and endeavor to
reach a Working agreement as to how
this cotton crop Shall be marketed.
Have this committee report to the
state committee on "Cotton Market?
ing ami Banking" Immediately upon
the assembling Of tlie State I'nlon in
Columbia. July 84 at o p. m.
Marion and Sumter Counties have
already appointed such committees,
if there is a chamber of Commerce
in your county, get it to a t with you,
for this i< a matter that vitally con?
cerns every occupation.
I am making a similar request of all
the State Presidents in the eotto'i
belt, that we may adopt a uniform
plan in time to make it effective.
Ifouri fraternally.
(Signedi B. W. DABB8,
State President.
In accordance with the above call
the committee of the Farmers' I'nion
and the banks of Sumter held a most
satisfactory conference today. Ample
funds will be provided at t> per cent
to Carry from October first to May It'St
enough cotton to make effective a sys?
tem (?f gradual marketing. The Ware?
house Company reported the most
satisfactory business since its organ?
ization, and will double its capacity;
all COtton accepted for storage will
be graded. Since last September it
hax been ready to merge with a State
of Xational system.
The committee urges tin- farmers
to USS these facilities we have been
Instrumental in securing, to use better
bagging, and to require better bal?
ing, to pick and handle cotton dry,
and by proper storing to prevent coun
prodUCt ??f this State." See Gen.
Stat. S. C. 1 78 9.
The committee desires to commend
the "ordial relations existing between
the farmers and bankers of Sumter.
fostered by the Farmers' Union and
the Chamber of Commerce, to the
emulation of all the counties in the
State, ami to promote tills end. we
are giving to the press the result of
our confer* CS without waiting for
the State meeting.
I ly the committee:
J. Frank Williams.
County President.
J. m. Brogdon.
County Business Agent.
p. p.. Belser,
E. w. I ?abbs,
E, w. Dabbs, statt- Prestd.
and Chairman.
Kdltor of American AgrieiilturaL-t
Writes Interesting Letter to K. w.
linhhs, President of state Farmer*'
I'nlon,
In 1889 the American Agricultur?
ist offered a prise of $500 for the
largest yield of corn from one acre.
The South Carolina department of
agriculture a. p. Butler, commis?
sioner, oft, red an additional $600 if
it was grown in this State. Your
older render* are familiar with the
rlvalrlen of that great corn year in
South Carolina when for a second
time this State- won the champion?
ship of the world in coin yield per
acre.
I had hoped that Charles W. Pur?
ls, tt. the editor of this great journal
which Iii now devoting so much space
to farm finance ami marketing, could
com,- to the state meeting ot the
Kariners' union In July and make a
public addresa on this subject. Iiis
h tt<r is so suggestive of the poslbil
|t|os of tie- subject ami shows .-tub
genuine regret .it his Inability to come
that I fe,| sure your readers will ap?
preciate' its publication. I will try
to ge t Mr. Burkef for next fair week
or some institute this Slimmer,
P. W. Dabhs,
President Bouth Carolina Btate Farm?
ers' I'nion.
.Mav , SV ll!e-. .1 Utie I 8,
Following is Mr, llorkctt's letter,
which Mi. habbs request a published:
"i i in't tell you how mm h I regret
that 11 Is going to be inipoalhle foi
me- to be with you ? t your annual
meeting at Columbia. Julv 21 -'??
Nothing wan id giv' me greater pleas?
ure than t' > me et with i1 - members
of the U II i e ? 11 at this titne . I tl c I I
matte in address on 'Farm Finance
and Marketing;.' Both of these are
subjects that are of the utmost Im?
portance to American farming today,
and they are particularly vital to
Southern farming. ?>ur Investigations
show that the farmer secures less
than :;."> cents on the dollar f??r what
be raised in the aggregate. He is
foiled to buy In Q retail market to
?ell in a wholesale market and to use
a 100-cent dollar to pay lor what he
buys and to receive 'ait :;."? cents on
the dollar tor what lie sells,
"By a system of credit assoc iations
and co-operative banking enterprises
aa they have in Germany, for instance,
it would be possible for the tanner to
build up his farming enterprises, to
organise his farm industries and to
obtain money on long time loans .at a
low rate of interest. I lind that many
farmers in Germany pay from 3 1-2
to 4 l-i per cent for loans, and if
they pay on long loans they can re?
tire the principal and carry the inter?
est through a period of about 70 years
which removes the debt. Think what
that would mean in the South. It
means actually that by paying a rate
of interest less now than the aver?
age Southern farmer pays he can not
only pay the annual interest for a
long time loan, but in that 5 per
cent less. the debt would be wiped
out in the course of time.
"I am confident that our rural
banks already established will find
that ?(?-operative banking will not
hurt them, but of course I know
that our large banking institutions in
the large cities of the North will do
everything on earth they can to pre?
vent this, is order that the money de?
posited by wage earners, farmers and
people in small towns may drift into
New York and other big cities for use
on the stock exchange. I am so filled
up with this and satisfied in my own
mind to such an extent that this id
one of the coming things and one of
th*' most beneficial needs to this
country that 1 am willing to make al?
most any personal sacrifice that the
merits of this matter may be under?
stood. It just happens though that at
this season 1 am completely filled up
with engagements so that 1 can not
get away long enough to make this
trip.
"If at some future time you would
like to have me speak on this or
some other subject with which I am
acquainted, I Will endeavor to make
all other engagements conform to
this. 1 want you to know that it is
only a case ol impossibility that pre
? ? .>,.. from coining down this
.
V I
I
get back even n it >*< toi <? shori .
only.
Burglars Aid Collections.
"Being a moral member of the com?
munity, naturally I deplore burglar
?es." said the church treasurer. "If
I studied the welfare of the church
alone I should encourage them, for
next to the burglars themselves, the
people who profit most from an epi?
demic of small robberies are the
:hurches.
"With peace and safety reigning in
a neighborhood, householders leave
nost of their money at home when
:hey go to church, consequently they
ttntribute in driblets, but Just let that
lame locality become infested with
burglars and everybody takes his
money to church and increases his
;ontributions proportionately."
Aerial Gun Practice.
Aerial gun practice is not confined,
on our battleships, to one and three
pounders. The Springfield rifle, the
bullet of which hurled at sn angle of
5 degrees elevation, reaches a height
of 6,800 feet. Is such an effective piece
hat It will afford no inconsiderable
defense against any aeroplane which
would attempt to execute feats of
bomb dropping.
Miss Kate Mos.s and Miss Lydia
Richardson have gone to Charlottes
ville. Va.. to take a course at the
summer school in the University of
Virginia.
\\e have just received another car
of horses asd mules. We have two or
three extra broke, combined saddle
and harness horses, gentle for fam?
ily use. ? ?ne nice size pony. If you
are in need of a horse or a e,o??d mule,
come ami see us. as this is probably
our last load for the season. Boyle
l.i\ e Stock < 'o.
\\ r. IIAVl?.lust received another
car of horses and mtiles. We have
two ..t three extra broke, combin?
ed saddle and harness horses, gen?
tle lor family use. One nice size
poll) . 11 you ai t- in m ed of a
horse or a good nude, come .'ml
see us as (Ills is pfobtUy our last
for the season. Boyle Live Stock
WWTI.B?To -. il eighteen Ions of
high grade fertilizer at a bargain,
cash "i on time. <Nppl> In lt. H.
Blngham, S111111? i K, I\
I'olt KAM-!? hi quart ? on fresh In
milk. Appl> to .?. B K> in, Wedge
li. Id, S. ?'
IN8URAXGE AGENTS HEARD.
X umber of Citizens Present at Meet?
ing to Discuss Prevention of i-'i ?.
Quite a number of the citizen* of
Bumter Interested In the public wel?
fare, were present Wednesday after
noon In the Chamber of Commerce
Hal] when the meeting to discuss
measures for the prevention of fires
was . ail, ,! 1.? order and the discussion
entered into. The people generally
seemed interested itl tin- matter and
anxious to hear what to do t?. prevent
fires and what to do in order to re?
duce their Insurance rates.
The meeting was presided ,,\er by
Mr. Hey ward. the president of the
South Carolina Fire Prevention As?
sociation, who made a short talk tell?
ing his audience that the association
was formed primarily by insurance
agents interested in the prevention of
fires, hut that it was 'pen for mem?
bers from any profession or business
Interested in the prevention of fire.-.
He explained that the association had
nothing at all to do with the making
of rates, being in no way connected
with the Southeastern Underwriters
Association, It did inspect towns and
make reports on their conditions,
however, with a view of lessening the
fire risks. This was not done wholly
from a selfish motive, even if the in?
surance companies did save when
there were fewa-r fires, but for the
purpose of helping the people gen?
erally as it was realised by the
agents that the people in one town
might have few t!tv<, but at the same
time they would have to help pay
for the fires in another town, unless
the movement to prevent fires was
genet al.
This meeting was called for the
purpose of stressing the importance
of lessening the tire risks as far as
possible and when this was done, in
time the rate would be reduced. He
thought that everybody ought to be
Interested iu something so important
and named, as an example, the case
of the cotton mills. He said that
twenty years ago these mills paid 3
and a half per cent premiums and the
insurance companies would not take
the risks on them. They tinited and
installed fire preventive measures
and did everything possible to les?
sen their fire risks and were not pay?
ing 12 cents per hundred. Every fire
formerly meant the practical ruin of
the mill as it could not fulfill its con?
tracts when it was destroyed and put
>t in a worse position than a new
insui?Ii? c p?, ...
He pointed out the fact that every
year the fire loss in this country was
sufficient to build a street, such as
that In Sumter. from New York to
Chicago, and that the fire loss in this
country was five times as great as
it was in European countries.
He mentioned the fact that in his
it spections of the day he had come
across in a pressing club a basin of
gasoline only a few feet distant from
a stove on which irons were being
heated, when gasoline gas was five
times as strong an explosive as
dynamite. He stated that insurance
companies did not like to insure
churches because of the ?langer of
loss and that very few school houses
had the proper protection against fire
and measures to prevent the loss of
life.
People had been talking for a long
time about conserving our natural
resources, he thought it was now time
to conserve some of our manufac tur?
ed resources, People had been talk?
ing about Individual liberty, they
OUght also to consider collective lib?
erty, referring to the fact that < as
person's property was often in great
danger of fire because of bis neigh?
bor did nol take measure.- to prevent
fires.
It was almost impossible In this
State to get a conviction for arson, as
the penalt) was death, he said.
Mr. O'Donnell stated that it would
be a good idea for these Inspectors
to tell ?ach property holder what ex?
actly was b Are risk on his premises,
and that he would hav?- steps taken
to remove the danger of Are In order
to reduce his insurance rate, it was
pointed out that this association had
nothing ;<t ?II to do with the making
of the rates.
Mr. It. s. Hood stated thai he had
a live- committee at work drawing up
a building cod.- of laws and ordin?
ances for the prevention of fires which
Would be set before council In a few
weeks, it would then be up to coun?
cil to accept or rcjeel this code whb h
would provide the necessary measures
for lessening the tire risks In Bumter
Mr. I ley ward stated that a report
cd' their inspection would be sent to
local agents ami thai property owner*
eould gel from them whal bad been
found as risks
viivi- Marion Satterwhlte his gone
In lloi k Hill '?? .ctteiid the Winthrop
State tchool for le o hers. Others to
go to this school ii? Misses Grace Han?
dle, Celeste llughson, Rvelyn Kraser
and Lena Jennings.
Morringe License Record*
N r. \V. \V. Atkinson and Mist Mi
mle Martin secured a marraiage li?
cense Monday,
i Candidates' Cards.
i)
Announoemi nts of candidates will
: e printed in tins column until ine
> Iums ul th? rumpaign for Ii. No
? ards accepted ?n credit.
For Sherig.
t'apt. E. S. Carson is hereby an?
nounced as a candidate lor Sheriff at
the ensuing election, having before
discharged the duties of that office
with promptness and edkiency. we
take pleasure in recommending hkn
for said office, subject to the rules of
the Democratic primary.
MANY VOTERS.
I hereby ?fter myself as a candidate
for the office of Sheriff of Sumter
County, subject to the rules of the
Democratic party.
J. K. BRADFORD.
I hereby announce myself a can?
didate for the office of She.'iff of
Sumter County, subject to the rules
governing Democratic primaries.
W. EL SEALE.
Capt. G?o. C. Warren is hereby
announced as a candidate for the of?
fice of Sheriff of Sumter county, sub?
ject to the rules of the Democratic
primary.
VOTERS.
For Coroner.
I hereaby announce that I am a
candidate for the office of Coroner of
Sumter County, subject to the action
of the Democratic primary.
D. W. OWENS.
For House of Repre**enta tires.
I am a candidate for re-election to
the House of Representatives subject
to the rules of the Democratic Pri?
mary.
R. B. BELSER.
I hereby announce myself a candi?
date for the House of Representatives
from Sumter County, pledging myself
to abide by the result of the Bemo
cratic Primary.
t-? y> w^
, t . M. 1 w|g t hi hereby unani
Imousl) nominated bj i andldato lot
jibe llouso of Ilc^reeento'i?c*r subject
Id the rules gOV??*?Oing tut? x i unary.
We bespeak for him the suffrage of
his fellow countrymen.
The Wedgefield Democratic Club.
For Superrisor.
I hereby announce myself a cand
date for the office of Supervisor of
Sumter County, subject to the rules of
the Democratic Primary.
L. E. WHITE.
I hereby announce myself a can?
didate for re-election to the office of
Supervisor of Sumter County, subject
to the rules of the Democratic pri?
mary.
P. M. PITTS.
For Clerk of Court.
1 hereby announce myself a candi?
date for re-election to the office of
Clerk of Court for Sumter County,
subject to the rules of the Demo?
cratic party.
L. T. PARROTT.
The name of H. L. Scarborough kS
presented as a candidate for Clerk of
Court for Sumter County In the com?
ing Democratic primary election.
I hereby announce myself a candi?
date for Clerk of Court of Sumter
county, subject to the action of the
Democratic primary.
JOHN R. SUMTER.
For Solicitor.
I announce myself a candidate for
the office of Solicitor for the Third
Judicial Circuit, subject to the rules
of the Democratic Primary.
THOS. IT. TATUM.
I hereby announce myself a can?
didate for re-election to the office of
Solicitor of the Third Judicial Circuit,
subject to the rules of the Democratic
Frlmary.
PHILIP H. STOL.L.
Pop Foiled State* Senate
I hereby announce myself a candi?
date for the Cnlted States Senate.
subject to the rub s of the Democratic
party. Your support and intluen 8
\\ ill be appreciated.
\ . B. Dl AT.
!<aurcn*. s. c.
For fottgro**.
1 hereby announce myself as i can
didate for the nomination for Con
mass from the Seventh Congreeslon
:ii District of South Carolina. iub
i.. t i.. the rule- . { the Democrat!'

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