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Ity?atebman an) Southron.
MTEEN PUBLISHING COMPANY
8UMTBR. S. C.
Il.lt per annum?In advance.
ftquere first Insertion.$1.00
Contrmcta for ttare? montbe, or
eager will be made at reduced rates.
All com roe11 ideations whieh sub
prlvatenntereats will be charted
fee as advertisement*.
?Mtuartce and tributes ef respect
will be charged for.
Test *umter Watch maa wae found
od la Use aad the True Southron la
I lit The Watchman aad Soothroa
issw aas ths eomblned ofrealatlea aad
Influence ef both of the old papers,
tsad Is ssaalfsstly the tost advertising
laodsum la Susnter.
Every loyal Democrat should con?
tribute something toward the Wilson
campaign fund. The Taft machine
will have mllllous to spend and Roose?
velt is backed by the money bags of
tie Harvester Trust. Munsey and other
Steel Trust millionaires who have al
ersdy spent hundreds o' thousands
boosting; him and will spend twice as
much If they think there is a^chance
of electing him. The Wilson cam?
paign managers must have money to
pay the legitimate expenses and it
must be furnished by the rank and
file of the Democratic party. If every
Dsmocrat would give a dollar there
would be money enought to pay all
the expenses of the campaign,
e e e
Col. Tom Felder has an engagement
to meet with ths dispensary Investi?
gating committee In Augusta on the
Ith Instsnt under the promise to tell
all he knows about the dispensary
gruft and to explain and substantiate
his charge that (Sow Ulease, while a
member ?f the Senate, was hand In
glove with the grafUrs and was a
beneficiary of the graft fund. If Col.
Felder really Known anything it is
time he was telling It. For more than
a year he had b?en talking about what
he Knows and what he can prove,
but all his talk has amounted to
nothing. His promise to write a hook
turned out to be u farce and the little
confidence the public had In him has
about vanished. We ha\e no doubt
. Meat* was mixed up In the dts
iry, there tuning been collateral
testimony brought out l?? the original
investigation to afford ample ground
for tkl? b. lief, but he was never
eu light with the goods?there has,
never been any direct, positive testi-'
fjeiflg ..f his guilt. If Col. Felder can
furnish the proof, as he claims he
can .he should do so?he should have
alone so many month* ago.
e e e
W. drow Wilson throughout his
campaign fat the nomination, during
the convention an.i since, has con?
ducted himself wit h scrupulous pro?
priety ind has demonstrated that he
has ? proper and admbaide self-re
ape<l. We have no fear that while he
occupies th?? White House he will ever
do nnything to detract from th
dlgrl'y of hin high office or shock the
?SgS)lhtK'.leO of those WhO desire to re
spe< t th-- man as will a- the oflSCS of
We are of the opinion that a pri?
mary election ehoald be held to muni
aate Ihne etrulhl it. s i.>r no-mbers of
Council under the Sumter plan of
Ccmmi-sion Government. Tin nomi?
nees el the primary must receive a
majority of the VOtCf SSSt and this
Will In?*ui ? ? the ??!??< ? ? ri of three m n
who are acceptable lo a majority of
the taxpayers and cltU-ns. If no
prlm?ry is held and tie- choir of the
Ihr? n who ire to f/eVOfg SUIUtef
for the m-xt six \. |f| - left to the
regular elcctasa, Ibej ma) be sleeted
by a minority vote, if th? re an eight
.,r t -n i indldates in lh< Field, -on- ?
In the regular election ? pttttallty
vote He'-ts. We think it unwise to
run th** risk of committing the re
sponsiidllty of administering the af
felr? of the clt> to the hands o no n
who are not the clone,, of a majority.
The ejfJsVejfi of the sity Democrats
organisation should lak< the nv ?
?ary steps to insure th, hohllow of
? ? e
If Oov. lilease has the pi >\er |0
SUppr*-- 'be HleK I I s.le of lollol in
Char'eston he hIioiiI I fsOt Wal until if
ter the primary to lind out whet he I
Charleston \otes for Jon. s m ld-.i ??
If he buy* the votes of the CharlestoS
blind tigers by the promise of Im?
munity h* Is a 'aw-breiker of the
Worst sort, for hi Bl debauching an
honor.ibie sjfjbji for perm?I gala.
a a ?
OsA llecawveftt*! rasa pa Ige fat ihe
Republican nomln itbui was BjS |ohS
to President Taft ?ml the machine
bosses, but hai third part) movement
promise* to be the bigg, -t political
f in. of the era.
a a a
The suggestion of tin grand htrv
that provision bo made for separate
quarters for Jail prisoners suffering
with con:agious diseases should be
seriously considered by the county
board and steps taken at the earliest
practicable date to comply with the
? a g
Hne of the scheduled events of the
Baltimore Convention that was not
pulled off was a speech by Senator
E. D. Smith, seconding the nomina?
tion of YVoodrow Wilson. Hy a com?
bination of unpropitious circum?
stances the speech got drowned out
nl the turmoil and confusion of
the demonstration that was under
wuy when South Carolina was reach?
ed on the roll call. The roll call pro?
ceeded and Senator Smith was left
with his speech unspoken. But
Woodrow Wilson was nominated,
nevertheless, and all's well that ends
Senator Tlllman will probably he
re-elected, his appeal to the people to
l?t him die in harness, notwithstand?
ing his Inability to actively discharge
all the onerous duties of the olflce,
having struck a responsive chord In
the hearts of many thousands whose
political convictions are swayed by
sentiment. But his opponents will
make heavy Inroads on the great
majority he usually receives, for there
are many voters who now believe, as
Senator Tillman believed when he
encompassed the defeat of Wade
Hampton, that when an office seeker
asks for a man's job he should have a
man's strength to perform It.
? a *
The army of original Wilson men
grows by regiments and bigrades each
day. Col. Harvey, Col. Watterson
and Ma.l. llemphill are already back
FARMERS' INSTITUTE JULY tt
County Inlon .Met With Jordan Lo?
cal at Cain's Mill?Several Matter*
The County Farmers' I'nion held
Its regular monthly meeting with the
Jordan local at Cain's Mill.
Several subjects of vital importance
were discussed, among them being
the "One Year Scholarship" to Clem
son. The Cotton Marketing compa?
nies, and the contemplated issues to
be brought before the State Cnlon
at Its annual meeting to he held in
Columbia. July 24. 25 and 26.
The scholarships to Clemson and a
one-year scholarship to Winthrop do
not Saara to hi much In demand, al?
though Mr?. Beall, oh airman of the
educational committee. advertised
two one-year scholarships to Clem?
son and u one-year scholarship to
Winthrop. .<he reported only one ap?
plication for the clemson scholarship
and no application for the Winthrop
Meente, j. Prank Williams, j. If,
Brogdon and W. It. Wells were elect?
ed to attend the State Cnlon as del -
gates from sumter county,
The next legular meeting Of the
OOUnty Union Will hi held at the new
Bukst sc hool hOUSS with the re?
cently organised local there on the
tlrst Friday of August, which OOmOS
on the lirst day of August this time.
The Plea son DOllsgl < Rteiiston work
will bold an Institute in connection
with a farmers camp meeting on the
Bist dU) of Jul> and the first day of
mal n ihs n? w Baker school
house. Ave oi sig mile-! east or Bum
tat snd Ihre? or four miles west of
Bfayesvllle, All of the farmers in
the county are im rdl ill) Invited to -
tend that tin ) in .y hear experts on
various lines <-i fun ing and go back
to their homos determined to become
up-to-date fttrmera, ?radirate plant
disease from the soll und cease roh?
hing the soll oi ,?s fertlllt)
J. Fi ank Williams.
President Count) Knrmers' Cnlon.
i in Hilt ell Mil AT PRISON.
\pparuHi- Will He In tailed al IVni
fentiaiv in llfef Next Few Week-.
Cohjmbl July ????The electric
hm baa irrlved in Columbia ami
will be Installed al the state peni?
tentiary under tin- supervision of T.
(j. Uooaer, state electrician, and C, f.
Adam- representing ihe New Jersey
tii in making ihe chair. The house to
I.pit i] I the chair is located
neni Ihe main prison building ?t the
H|at< penitentlan and Is being lush?
ed to completion. The building will
h, completed b) \ugusl I, The flrsl
merutlon win Inke place on Angus'
Thi ?'? i|u house contains ?n?'
rooms, on< ?I which Is the detention
chamber, Tt??a act provides that pris?
oner* und? i em* net ot death must
remain In the detention chamber not
no?re than days of less than two
day i be fori electrocution,
Great Piect of Luck.
An Kngltsh laboring man took a
slgggotlat into Ckrl lla'B gii roomi In
London Ike other day und was gston
lanod ti? be loM tta I if rai worth |1,?
7v*, It w t. |h . * i . ..... Ms thing'
% i v "i i ' " ? nt? nth con
iUI'w II s> ? . ? ,.
To The Democratic Voters of Sumtei*
Several weeks ago I published in
the press of you:- county the record
Of criminal cases In the Third Cir?
cuit during my term of office, This
record was published for your infor?
mation and the record as published
is correct. At the campaign meeting
in Sumter on the 2nd inst. Mr. Ta
tum saw fit to attack my record as
published as being misleading and
presented his 'deductions'* as to
what my record was. 1 then and there
replied to Mr. Tatum. but Inasmuch
as he has seen fit to publish his "de?
ductions." which said "deductions" in?
sinuate that 1 tried to deceive the
public in my statement of the crim?
inal statistics, 1 ask your careful con?
sideration of what 1 have to say in
reply to Mr. Tatum.
My claim was and still la that 1 con?
victed in 1909 06 per cent of the
ca*es that went to trial; that In 1910 1
convicted 74 per cent; and that in
1911 I convicted 79 per cent. My
claim was and still Is that my record
as Solicitor i3 up to the standard in
this State. To prove this 1 will give
the totals In each circuit last year as
taken from the Attorney General's
No Not Per
The above shows clearly that last
year I ranked among the highest so
far as results are concerned. There
are, generally speaking, three class?
es of cases that are sent up to the
Sessions Court by the magistrates.
The first class are those that there
are nothing in and which the magis?
tral* s erred In binding over to the
higher COUIt. Some of these cases
are thrown out by the Grand Jury
and some are dismissed by the Solici?
tor. To try all of these cases would
be folly. The defendants could not be
Convicted in many casts, and. in many
it would be wrong to convict them.
Again, to try them would be a use?
less expenditure of the public mon?
ey, and it is the duty of the Solicitor
to safeguard In every way possible
(he public welfare. Mr. Tatum says
that I have nol pressed too many
cases, and 1 claim that if I had done
other than 1 did do, 1 would have
?hown poor judgment as a Solicitor.
Now. Mr. Tatum. in his "deduc- 1
tlone" claims that all cases thrown
out by the Grand Jury or by me !
shoutd be counted against my record.
By what process of reasoning he
reaches this conclusion i can not see.
In the table above in which my per?
centage for last year appears in con?
trast with the other solicitors it is
clearly shown that my number of
discontinued cases by nol pros or oth?
erwise Is low; and it also appears that
my percentage of convictions is high, j
The per cent In this table .ire all fig?
ured on the same basis. And further?
more any mathematician can take the
Criminal Statistics of the entire State
and use any formula, ami l submit
they will lind my record up to the
standard. The discontinued cases
are not counted against the record of
the other solicitor! in ascertaining
tin i Standing, Is it ail to count
the n ..gainst me*.'
The second class ot cases are those
where the testimony shows al solutely
the guilt of the defendant) am* there
is no possible defense thai the defend
usu illy plead guilty; sometimes on
the advice of the attorney, and some?
times wh* re they have no attorney.
It I were in the habit of misconduct?
ing the State's case and allowing the
guilty t?? go free, would there be so
many pleas of guilty that Mr. Tatum
Jpei Us of? The reason pleas of guilty
are entered i* because tin- defendant
or \\\< attorney knows thai a verdict
of guilty will certainly be returned,
and the plea or guilty is made in or?
der i" gel as llffht sentence as pos?
sible. Mi. Tatum in his "deductions'1
gh me no credit for pleas ot
guilty, Tin y ar?- counted in the rec?
ord of the ?Uber solicitors, and prop
erly so, is it fair to me t<* count the
pleas of guilty against me instead of
i... me? Thai is what Mr. Tatum
does in ins "deductions."
The third class of cases are those
where the testlmonj Is conflicting ami
where tin defendant can offer testi?
mony that gives him a legal defense.
These coses arc usually.ntested be?
t?r, a Jury, and the .-*>ii*Jtor Is In?
deed lucky wie? convicts one-half of
this class of i.asts. Tin law ni^e- the
defendant tin- benefit of all reasonable
,bai i( ami th* odds are usually against
the staif. An examination ol my
r, ei r,i will prov< ih*' fact that In
'this class of cases i l..*ve convicted i
ant can offer,
larger per cent than I have lost.
My record was published because
1 am, not ashamed of it, and on it I
am willing to stand or fall. It was
taken from the Attorney General's
report to the General Assembly and
was compiled from the record as orig?
inally made up by the clerks of court.
Mr. Tatum'a tigures from the Clerk of
Court of Sumter county shows as fol?
lows: Guilty. 85; not guilty 5.'. or
140 cases disposed of in 1909, 1910
and 1911 and part of 1912. If you
will divide the 85 (guilty) by the 140
(total tried) you will find my pet cent
in Sumter county to be 60 per cent
instead of 18 per cent as figured out
by Mr. Tatum in his "deductions."
Mr. Tatum'a statistics are from the
Clerk of Court and are up to June 29.
1912. My record as published did not
include any part of the year 1912.
and was for the entire circuit and not
for Sumter county alone.
The record from which my report
is taken shows as follows for Sumter
county. In 1909 there were 46 cases
tried; of this number 16 were acquit?
ted and 80 guilty. In 1910 there were
58 cases tried; of this number 21
were acoiuitted and 37 convicted. In
,1911 there were 49 cases tried; of this
number 18 were acquitted and .16
convicted. Total for three years.
153. Not guilty, r?0; guilty. 103; per
j Mr. Tatum has insinuated that my
published record was misleading. I
published figures for the entire cir?
cuit, and he produced figures for
Sumter county, lie says my per cent
in Sumter County is 13; I claim that
it is 67 by my record and 60 by his
1 respectfu'ly submit to the voters
of Sumter county that Mr. Tatum's
"deductions** are absolutely mislead?
ing and absurd, and are neither found?
ed upon fact, common sense, reason,
or mathematics. I will leave it to the
public to decide which of us is trying
to deceive them. 1 am willing to
stand or fall on my record, I want to
be Judged by it. My record during my
three years of office la up to the
standard, and last year it was above
the Standard. The propoaiton for the
public to decide is very simple, if
what I say is true. 1 am entitled to
another term; if what I say is not
true, then I ought to be kicked out
of office tor trying to deceive the
public. I invite the public to exam?
ine my record and pronounee judg?
Philip iL Stoll,
Solicitor 3rd Circuit.
REPUBLICAN* WANT CHAIRMAN.
Hilles Announces That lie Will Not
Have It but Will Work lot Ihres!?
Washington, July 8.?Selection of a
chairman for the Republican nation?
al committee was tonight still in the
air. For four hours this afternoon ,
President Taft, his secretary, Charh I
Hilles, und a subcommittee of the
Republican national committee dis?
cussed the question of the chairman?
ship. At ">.:*<> o'clock they adjourn?
ed until 9.3" tomorrow morning, no
nearer to a choice than they were
when they met lo ve early today for
(heir first session.
Moie thin a dozen names were
considered during the long discussion
held In the White House. The confer?
ence was entirely amicable, No feel?
ing developed against any candidate
About the only actual result of the
meeting- was the. final elimination
from consideration of the name of
Mr. Hilles. He told the commilt? e
men that under no circumstance
Would he take the position, but be
would work with all his ability tor
the president's election.
Predictions were freely made today
that the chairmanship might not be
settled for several daya
The president was host tonight to
the members of the subcommittee
anal many of the leading Republicans
of the country at an outdoor recep?
tion in the White House grounds,
O'Donnel] & Company have an ad?
vertisement on bagging and ties in
this week's Issue which every farmer
should read. This linn are believers
in the progressive idea, und are al?
ways looking ahead In the interest of
SPONT.WKOFS toMBlsT'.oN IN
The Insurance Cofnsnl*sioiier Cautious
Farmer* About Ntorlng Ho Not
Spontaneous coml ustlon ki hay Ui
causing s number i f fire> thro igh< at
the state, according to Im iranee
Commissioner McMastor. He gives
! the following Instant es:
j A small store was recently burned
: in Columbia, and it has been satisfac?
torily established that it was due ?
spontaneous combustion in several
bales of hay which the store-keeper
had purchased the day before. The
store-keeper on a Saturday morning
had purchased from a country wagon,
several bales of hay which had been
recently gathered. It was piled in the
back part of the store and the even?
ing sun beating on the rear end of
the store caused that part of the store
to he considerably heated. This seems
to have set the hay on lire, and about
4 'clock next morning the flames were
discovered in that end of the store.
The building was consumed.
Mr. Boozer, who lives near Cross
Hill, hauled in several loads of uncur
ed hay into his barn. A hand who
went to feed the stock, found that the
hay was heated, but paid no attention
to it. At mid-day. when there was
no one about the barn, which was In
a field, the hay hurst into flames and
the barn was consumed.
Mr. Lewis Cook, who lives near
Blshopvllle, on the day before his
tire, had hauled Into his barn some
uncured oats In bundles. The next
morning, at feed time, the oats .\ere
found to be unite he..tad. but no at
tention was paid to it, and before 12
o'clock in the day. flames had started
ia the oats and the barn was con?
The House Fly and the B. B.
One of the characteristics of the
present-day campaign for the preven?
tion of disease Is the homely, practic al
way in which tacts are being placed
before the public. Many Of our State
boards?through bulletins?are doing
excellent work in this direction. As
a result, some popular ideas are being j
sadly shaken. The little house-liy, for
instance, lias been for years the sub- j
Ject Of household poetry, and has I
been referred to as the harmless and
Innocent companion of man. The
bedbug, on the contrary, has been
looked on with speechless aversion.
He has no social standing. Even the
mention of his name has not been
considered good form in our l>est
Circles, while the least suspicion of a
speaking acquaintance with him has
seen regarded with horror.
In the May number of the Bulletin
of the North Carolina State Board of
11 eaTth. Dr. Cyrus Thompson. In an
article on "Flies and Filth." says:
"Now as a matter of unprejudiced
fact, barring the sting of the bite and
the odor of the encounter, the bedbug
is a much more eligible companion
than the house-fly. whether of hod or
of hoard. But if bedbugs, compara?
tively cleanly of habit crawled all over
our piatos. talde and food just as the
house-flies crawl, fresh from the
foulest filth of every pestilential kind,
who could eat or even sit at the ta?
ble for a moment? I am not making
a idea for the elevation of the social
status of my nocturnal friend, who
loves darkness rather than light: hut
1 am declaring that his deed? are not
nearly so evil and destructive as those
of the house-fly." Put this statement
before every American houseke* per,
and the doom of the typhoid fly is
sealed, says The Journal of the Amer?
ican Medical Association. The bedbng
has been, for generations, the abomi?
nation Of the hOUSeWlfe, and the ob?
ject of her unrelenting warfare. Once
convince American women that the fly
is more loathsome and dangerous that
the bedbug, and the ravages of this
typhoid-breeder and fllth-dlstr!butf>r
will he o>cr.
WANTED?Men, women and stu?
dents to sell patented specialties, or
popul.tr publications. Guaranteed
salary $1.7.r> per day. Address
Box 23, Boykin, s. C.
WAXTKD?You to know that I can
s.ll you Nitrate of Soda for
prompt shipment from any port.
Write of phone me for prices.
Phone No 1'.'. C. J. Dwyer.
THE FAMOUS "OLDS" GASOLINE ENGINES
Made by Seager Engine Works, Lansing. Mich.
l orn Machinery, tV^ed Grind?
?r^. sawing Uig*. Spray Ulli?,
tflectrlo l-lclu and Water
Pumping Plann*. Holst?.
i icjiin Separators.
M \ITKH liY. .*v Mill, si !'
Cnless tr.uk Living on the Seaboard
begins pretty *-<on that r ad will not
5 ? In operation Into Sunttar in t.me
to hi adle s sh.tre of this year 'a cot*
r n . rop,
A Candidates, Cards.
Anaeuaceuaeata of candidates will
be printed la thia co.umn ur.tli thw
tAona of the campaign fur |l. No
tarda accepted on credit.
(.apt. 1L. g, Caraon le hereby an?
nounced aa a candidate for Sheriff at
the enauing ejection, having before
discharged the duties of thai offlct
with promptness and efficiency, wa
take pleasure in recommending hkn
I for aaid office, subject to the rules of
i the Democratic primal?.
I hereby offer myself as a candidate
for the office of Sheriff of Sumter
County, subject to the rules of the
J. K. ERADFORD.
I hereby announce myself a can?
didate for the office of Sheriff of
Sumter County, subject to the rules
governing Democratic primaries.
W. H. SEALE.
' Capt. ?*o. C. Warren is hereby
announced as a candidate for the of?
fice of 3"Acriff of Sumter county, sub?
ject to the rules of the Democratic
I heseaby announce that I am a
candidate for the office of Coroner of
Sumter County, subject to the action'
of the Democratic primary.
D. W. OWENS.
I or House of Representatives.
1 am a candidate for re-election to
the House of Representatives subject
to the rules of the Democratic Pri?
R. B. BELSER.
I hereby announce myself a candi?
date for the House of Representative*
from Sumter County, pledging myself'
to abide by the result of the Bemo
P. D. EPPS.
Dr. I I right is here* na*n
mously . sndidate
to the m . erniag tue primary.
We bespeak for him the suffrage of
his fellow countrymen.
The W*dgefleld Democratic Club.
I hereby announce myself a candi?
date for the office of Supervisor of
Sumter County, subject to the rules of
the Democratic Primary.
L. B. WHITE.
I hereby announce myself a can?
didate for re-election to the office of
Supervisor of Sumter County, subject
to the rules of the Democratic pri?
P. M. FiTTS.
For Clerk of Court.
! hereby announce myself a candi?
date fur re-election to the office of
Clerk of Court for Sumter County,
subject to the rules of the Demo?
U I. PAR ROTT.
The name of H. L. Scarborough U
presented as a candidate for Clerk of
Court for Sumter Comity in the com?
ing Dt mocratic primary election.
1 hereby announce myself a candi?
date for Clerk of Court of Sumter
county, subject to the action of the
JOHN R. SUltTER.
I announce myself a candidate for
the office of Solicitor for the Third
Judicial Circuit, subject to the rales
of the Democratic Primary
THOS. H. TATUM.
I hereby announce myself a can?
didate for re-election to the office of
Solicitor of the Third Judicial Circuit,
subject to the rules of the Democratic
PHILIP H. BTOLL.
For Coded States Ornate
I hereby announce myself a car.di
d no for the Fntted States Sonata,
subject to the rules of the Democratic
party. Your support and Influence
v\ ill I appreciated.
N. B. DIAL
Laurens, B. C.
For t ongress.
I ] i re by announce myself as a can
dldate for the nomination for Con
gress from the Seventh Congression
r>l District of South Carolina, sub
Ject to tha rules of the Democratl
A. F. LEVER