OCR Interpretation


The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, November 13, 1912, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067846/1912-11-13/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

?)atti)tnftti an?
THF SCMTFR WATCHMAN, KstubUslM??! April, 1850.
?Be Jut and Fear not?Let aU tho
Thon Alms't at be thy Country's, Thy God's and Truth's.'
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 1*4?
Oonaolidated Aur. 3, 1861.
"i.l-!
SUMTER, S. C, WEDNESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 191?.
Vol. XXXV. No. 23
WWCE FBI DEMOCRACY.
TILLAIA* POINTS OUT UHEKKIN
LIKS PARTY'S OPPORTCVITY.
Howpvit, If Reniocrat? tdhore to
Old Tim* Ideal*, It should Henmln
hi Power for Many Yean*.
Augusta. Qa.. Nov. 8.?That the
opportunity of the Democratic parts,
and especially of Woodrow Wilson, Is
f mat. aa mi the responsibility, and j
that the party, if It proves faithful to
Its Ideals, will be continued in power 1
for the nezt half century was the 1
burden of a signed! statement Issued
today by B. R. Tlllman. senior sena?
tor from South Carolina. Senator
TtUman pointed ou. that the way to
ultimate success mt y present some
difficulties, due to tue frailties of hu?
man nature, but the party should
have statesmanship and unselfish- j
neaa enough to bulid for the future.
iesitor Tlllman's statement Tol
lows.
i
"History has repeated Itself. The
v Democratic party was born In 180J. 1
With only a few interruptions by the
Whig party. Its grasp in power con- ?
tin use firm until 1890?57 years. '
Then It divided and went down to de- 1
feat, although polling an overwhelm- I
lag majority of the popular vote. It '
s? had grown Insolent and intolerant,
but wss never charged with corrup?
tion.
"The Republican party, born In
lite, with only a slight Interval, the
two terms of Mr. Cleveland, has been
in power 18 years. Its policies were
I dominant even during Cleveland's ad?
ministration; Its record has been very
glorious and the country has pros
pered raarvelously. In spite of its
having been the party of special priv
Ilegsa without any regard ?or the
rights and Interests of the common
K people It has been very successful n
1 persuading them that It was their
only friend. The people have been
bam boos led and debauched and
mercilessly all the time, be
itfcat they were voting tor pub
lusness and their cwn In
Bf#a hi* been to le<y
esrtiet n order to obtain a
revenue. Collecting much 1
loney?far too much?its expendl- j
turea have been extravagant and
wasteful. Now it, too, has gone down
to defeat because of division. The
modern battle of Armageddon has
been fought and the bodies of those
who claimed to battle for the Lord
strew the Aeld. the dead carcasses of
the O. O. P. elephant and Bull Moose
are ready for the buszards.
"The Democratic party, after hav?
ing been out of office half a century
or more, has been entrusted with
power again by the American people.
Will President Wilson have the state
manahtp and firmne?? to guide and
restrain the hungry horde of office
seekers snd steer the ship of state
safely through the breakers? As long
as the South was in the saddle before
the war. we had a frugal, economical
and wise administration of public af?
faire.
The battle cry of Jefferson of
Equal Rights to all. with special priv?
ileges to none.' was the guiding prin?
ciple of those, presidents chosen by
the Democrats. Now that a Southern
man for the first time In more than
?0 years has been elected president, I
hope to see a return to the older and 1
better policies of the republic, more
sternness In dealing with malefsjsjtflssj '
< f all kinds (those wth great weilth
pa well hs those with moderate
i
mean??.> There will be a great clamor
for place and the cry Is already rising
To the victor* Mass] the spoils.' Will
we Demoeruf* h?\e virtue enough.'
patriotism enough and statesmanship
enough to fasjld our friends In eheek
and abolish all useless offices? ('an
we bring the gejsjsjIFy bark to K? pub
llcan slmplldtv ' I me It*] ttffsj u, -
publh an' not In its political, but Ig
its generic i
"it win b. vary AMI uit ? well nigh
impossible |g abolish offices whes
men have so snesjy friends ntid pollt
Ical nllbs ?lan.or.hg for place und
saget- la su k the pSjbUS teat.
"President Wilson will have u glo
r? ?us cpportunltv. and I flrml/ h? UerS
he will ssjsjsjssjrt op t ? ???.t >i hi? oppor*
tunltles and his responsiblllttea; he
has a fearful burd'-n to h.-ar, bill
believe h^ Is mm enough to h.-,ir 't
Ws should compel the corporations to
disgorge. s?|Uer/e all tie wafer 1
bie out of rotten and corrupt Si ? ks,
There is nothing mors certain I hat un?
less this be lost the MSUSSfJ Ol the
people will be ensluw I |g \ \
on stocks and bonds which h ive been
Issuer* without any foundation other
thsn the paper upon whi< h they .-m
Written. If these watered properties
, .with fictitious values are permitted
CALLED 10 CHARLESTON.
nI c hi TARY sn I 1.1. accf.PTS
Mritrrrtmsiiir of ch ah
lf.ston i'll am iif.lt of
com m inter;.
-
In Ills Nrw Position Ho Will MgOstttJ
Twlco the Sa'.ary Sumtor has Been
Able to Pay Her Secretary und Ills
Work UUI tfj Along larger Lines,
With Two Assistants us Heads of
Departmental Work in Connection
With the C'hamlH'r of Commerce. |
- I
Mr. A. V. Snell. for the pust year
and a-half Se< retary of the Sumter
Chamber of Commerce, has accepted
the Secretaryship of the Chamber of
Commerce of Charleston, which was
tendered him several days ago, and
will take up his work In that city De- 1
cember 1st The call to Charleston Is ]
a decided compliment to Mr. Snell
and also an endorsement and recog- |
nition of the work he has done in |
Sumter, with which the business men :
of Charleston as well as those of the j
balance of the State are familiar. The ,
salary attached to the Charleston po- j
sitlon Is practically double that re- !
ceived by Mr. Snell in Sumter, and, in
addition, he will have a traffic man?
ager and rate man to look after the
freight rates for the mercantile inter?
ests of the city, and an assistant sec?
retary In charge of the Retail Mer?
chants' Association and Credit Bu?
reau and a stenographer under his
general direction. The secretaryship
of the Charleston Chamber of Com?
merce is far and away the most im?
portant poaition of the kind In the
State and the promotion that has
come unsolicited to Mr. Snell is a
compliment that he cannot fall to ap?
preciate Hinc ? it Is the direct result
of the effective and substantial work j
I he has done in Sumter. He came to
this city lesa than two years ago un- j
known to the people of Sumter and
to thoae of the balance of the State
1 and It waa upon the record he has
made In that brief apace of time as a
Commercial secretary that Charles?
ton called him to take up the work
that Secretary McKeand has been do?
ing. Mr ?mell' has made many
friends in sumter and they will re
1 stet his departure, although gratl
| fled that he has been called to a
larger and more important work In
I his chosen profession.
THREE MEM shot.
Jesse Klnarcl Dies, Ad. Kinard Is Shot
ami <?. W Stevenson?Tom A Hedge
In Jail.
Rirnwell. Nov. 10.?As the result
of a shooting affair at Kline, Barn
well' county, last night Jesse Kinard
is dead, his brother, Ad Kinard suf?
fers a broken arm from a wound and
O. W. Stevenson has been shot in the
lung and may die. Tom Arledge,
charged with shooting the three men,
has been arrested and Is now in the
Barnwell Jail. Conflicting stories are*
heard regarding the affair. Arledgo
claims self-defense. He Is a chain
gang guard who lives near Barnwell
and had gone to Kline with his
wife yesterday.
The shooting occurred at the home
of O. \V. ItSVSlSSUn. about two miles
from Kline.
to compel Ifet labor of the country to
bear the burden to pay dividends,
i to n l>ebs and Soc ialism will flourish
apace and Roosevelt's pet phrase,
'eOOBOmiC Justice,' will !>??< ome very
pOpaJar. Ko.?Mtvelt has had right
i'b us all along, but alas, what a fall?
ing off tfc#ft hut been when he had
tht opportunity to mak? those Idfas
mat*-! ialtzt . Hil dreams have been
glorious, t>ut selfish ambition and mor
i ?
al OOWardlOi as well as corruption
hsjvt kt i't him from helni ? great
A ru'iiiuii
'Every oval Democrat should cul?
tivate tell denial, repress selfishness
.ukI greed and tupport President Wil?
son in iht policy of restoring the
country to Its old Ilms honesty and
simplicity, Ws ran noi hope as ?
part] to trusted by tht peoplt for
long If t?ter nil these years, they
find ihey hnvt merely ohnnged Blas?
ters an t tu? Ir burdens an- as great as
ever. T n- laboring neu must be
I
? brought to bellevt and know that
ihej can itrt ihten up their backs und
j understand that thelf opportunities
Will be as grant SI tVtr while their
burdens will bt reduced as much as
possible. It Wilson's administration
f tht 11 ? ildent'a ofFJ< ?? th ill prpvt
thi.<4 to ti?? people, while n ftnrful
h \\ I will go up und luhtldlied ntWS?
pap< n will abuse him relentlessly, tht
Democmtlc party will bt restored lo
Its old-time vigor and govern the
Country for another half century.
iMgllsi) "H. ? Tillman."
WILSONS ELECTORAL VOTE 429;
NOT COUNTING! STATES STILL
BELIEVED DOUBTFUL,
Kooso\elt 90 and Tail 12 Voles in
Electoral College, Giving Former
Culifornia ami Latter Idaho, Al?
though Doth These States May Vi
iia'ly Laiul in Wilson Column?Sit?
uation Seems Complicated in Cali
lornta and Oonrti May Eventually
Decide..
San Francisco, November H.?Tabu?
lation of corrected returns from va
tuully all of the State's county seats
show that in California Hooscvclt
has a plurality of the popular vote
Over Wilson, that returns from the 79
remote precincts still unreported are
not likely to overturn.
The latest figures give: Roosevelt,
231,369; Wilse n, 280.618; Roosevelt s
plurality, 751.
Not ull of the Roosevelt electors
may have won. The name of Lieu?
tenant Governor Albert J. Wallace,
which headed the Roosevelt electoral
ticket, was scratched by many voter*,
presumably because of his course in
commuting the death sentence of
murderers while acting Governor. In
many instances it is said Wallace's
name was actually pencilled off the
ballots. Attorney General Webb has
rendered an opinion that such ballots
were thereby invalidated.
Wilson and Roosevelt alternated in
the lead early in the day when the
distant mountain precincts began to
straggle in. Ity 4 p. M. Roosevelt's
margin had increased to nearly 1,000
and it became almost certain that the
unreported precinctL in counties car?
ried by the Democratic ticket would
not overcome this lead,
j The final disposition of the State's
I 1?? electoral votes may be decided by
I the courts. Democratic managers, in
the announcement of their determin?
ation to challenge the Los Angeles
county vote in the event of a Roose?
velt victory, said their action would be
based not only on the alleged count?
ing of Progressive ballots invalidated
by pencil scratches, but on alleged
errors and irregularities of Republi?
can judges of election in excluding
valid Democrtic ballots.
James D. Phelan and Rudolph
Spreckels today authorized the Dem?
ocratic State committee to offer a
reward of $5,000 to any one supplying
evidence leading to the conviction of
any person on a charge of perpetrat?
ing election frauds. According to the
terms of the offer this reward will be
paid for each conviction.
The wide discrepancy in the com?
plete returns from Los Angeles coun?
ty are compared with earlier returns
?a change that wiped out an ap?
parent lead of 6,000 votes for Wilson
in the State?was due in part to a
switch in the method of tallying the
popular vote.
At tho outset the record wa? made
up from the vote cast for the head of
each electoral ticket. Later, when it
became apparent that many Progres?
sives had not voted for Wallace, the
first Roosevelt elector. Progressive
leaders demanded of the county clerk
a recount, in which a vote cast for
any elector in the Progressive column
was tallied as a vote for Roosevelt.
IDAHO BECOME8 DOUBTFUL.
Ollii'ial Count Probably Noi*essary?
Possibly Divided Vote.
Roisc, Ida, November 8.?Idaho is
again In the doubtful list on its Pres?
idential vote as between Taft and Wil?
son. The possibility of a divided elec?
toral vots i^ recognised, since tho vote
for el MStorS ?>n the same ticket va?
ried.
Newspaper tabulations, the only fig?
ures now available, are radically dif?
fer cut. One gives Taft about 500,
the other Wilson about 500 plurality.
Tho official canvass, it appears, will
he required to settle the question.
WILSON'S PLURALITY 16,105.
Complete Rut Unofficial Count of Illi?
nois Vote.
Chicago, Nov. 8.?The unofficial
count of the vote for President In
Illinois, completed today, shows thai
Wilson obtained 407,470; Koosevelt
If 1 ,861S, and Taft, 866,616. Wilson's
plurality was 16,106, but !??? lacked
1 80,161 VOtes of a majority.
The estimated vots for Debs was
16,000 and for Chafln 88,000, The to?
tal VOte was about 1,176,000, almost
the same as In 1008, when Taft polled
j ??.-?:?.!??:'.? and Uryan 460,796,
WOMAN'S MII'RV.i: WINS OUT,
Amendment Passed in Michigan b>
Probably Five Thousand.
Detroit, Mich. Nov. 8.?Complete
CROPS WORTH FIVE BILLION.
GREAT YEAR FOR FARMERS GOV?
ERNMENT REPORT
shows.
Total yield of Corn Amounts to
lev.i?7.000 Bushels, a Record for
Country.
Washington, NOV. 8.?A com crop
Of 3,169,1.37,000 bushels, or 281,921,
000 bushels more than the greatest i
crop of corn ever grown in any coun- |
try of the world, is the feature of the 1
country's most remarkable agricul- |
tural year in history, according to the
November crop report of the United
States department of agriculture, is?
sued today. The report completed
the government's preliminary esti?
mates of the nation's principal farm
crops. This great crop of corn was
worth November 1 to farmers, 1,850,
776,000.
The enormous sum of $4,171,134,000
lepresented the farm value November
1 of the United States crop of corn,
bay, wheat, oats, potatoes, flaxseed,
rye and buckwheat. With the value of
the growing cotton crop and the crops
of tobacco, rice and apples, the ag?
gregate value of these principal farm
products will amount well beyond
$5,000,000,000.
Upon tho preliminary estimates of
production and prices announced to?
day, tho value of the crops figure out
as follows:
Corn, $1,850,776,000.
Hay, $854,615,000.
Wheat, $603,639,000.
Oats, $476,169,000.
Potatoes, $188,501,000.
Barley, $120,845,000.
Flaxseed, $39,693,000.
Rye, $24,370,000.
Buckwheat, $12,526,000.
There was an increase in the to?
tal value of each of these crops ex?
cepting buckwheat, potatoes, I arley
and rye. The increase netted $515,
057,000 over the value of last year's
crops. Record crops corn, potatoes,
llaxseed, oats, barley, rye and hay
were harvested this year. The govern?
ments, official estimates of the value
of the various crops and its final esti?
mates of total production will be an?
nounced in December.
The yield of corn per acre follows:
Yield Production
per in
State. Acre. Thousc -ds.
Texas.21.0 15a,300
Okalhoma.18.7 101,878
Georgia. 13.8 54,510
Kentucky. 30.4 109,440
Tennessee.26.0 86,632
Alabama.17.2 53,664
Mississippi.18.2 56,840
North Carolina ..18.2 51,106
Arkansas. 20.4 52,163
Virginia. 24.0 47,520
South Carolina. . .17.9 34,2 "8
Louisiana. 18.6 33,8:.5
WAR ON VICE.
Florence Ministerial Union Will Com
nance Work.
Florence, Nov. 7.?The Minister al
union of Florence, backed by a strong
public sentiment, has determined t<>
make a war on vice and those things
that stand for moral corruption in the
community and each minister has de?
termined to appoint two laymen from
his church to help in the work, and
these will constitute a citizens' com?
mittee which will study the situation
and bring the indictments to the so?
licitor, Mr. Wells, who promises to
Vigorously prosecute them, and J. P. j
McNeill promises to give his assist- j
ance In the work.
returns from oS of 83 counties in
Michigan Indicate that although
Boosevelt and Governor-* bet Ferris,
Democrat, swept the State, the latter
will have a Republican Lieutenant
Governor, it Is probable also that
th<- remainder of the state officers
u ill be Republicans,
With* but three counties unreported
the equal suffrage amendment's pas?
sage was favored by a 4,Tut? majority,
Wilson s LEAD INCREASED.
Democrat Secerns Defeated for tJov
ernor in Iowa.
Des Molnes, Nov. 8.?The lead of
Governoi Wilson over Roosevell was
Increased during the day to 21,454,
when cocmplete return* from coun?
ties were recel\ ed.
After it seemed E, <;. Dunn, Demo?
crat, had been elected Governor, be?
lated figures late this afternoon seem?
ed to give <!. w. Clark, Republican,
the victory by a plurality of 8,278.
Leaders of both parties declare main
of the returns received thus far are
incorrect.
I WIINIlUbWIlU W.
EUGH SCHOOL FOOTBALL TEAM
PITS IT OVER HEAVIER OP?
PONENTS FROM KDISTO.
Game Featured by Brilliant Forward
Paeace of sumter Team?Walkover
l>uc to Superior Training of Local
Boya?Orangeburg Played Gritty
Ball.
Education put it all over Beef and
r
Brawn Friday afternoon at the lo?
cal gridiron Friday afternoon, for it
was due entirely to their superior
training and knowledge of the game
that the Sumter High School football
team was able to walk away from
the Orangeburg team, with whom
they were si pposed to play, carrying
tho game ah g with them and pull?
ing out a scoe of 52 to 0.
Hopelessly outclassed in their
knowledge of the game the Oifinge
burg boys, who outweighed the local
players at least ten pounds to the
man, played plucky ball all the w ^
through, not once quitting in thei *r
forts to stop the onward mat.
their opponents and all the time piay
ing the game for all that it was worth.
U is safe to say that with a few more
weeks of good coaching the result of
the game would have been different,
for the Orangeburg boys have it in
them, but had simply not mastered
the game or been trained to play to?
gether instead of playing individual
ball. Only once did the team get to?
gether during the latter part of the
third quarter. Here they made dis
stance once, the only time during \he
game, and held back the charges of
the local boys until outwitted on a
fake forward pass. Only twice did
the Orangeburg boys have any "hance
to score once when a forward pass
was intercepted and once when a J
forward pass was successfully made
by the visitors. In the game Deer
was the chief star for the Orangeburg
team, being the only man who could
make any consistent gain through the
Sumter line, while Mack at tne other
tackle and Vann at right guard play?
ed good balh Orang? bu.g did not '
have the ball long enough at any j
time for the backfield to show what
they could do with it.
From the beginning the game on
through, very man on the Sumter ,
team starred. The Interference was
good and every man seemed to have
his whole heart in the game. The
line held strong against the heavier
line of their opponents and the charg- J
es of heavy backs. From the first
kick-off the game was Sumter's and
not once did the local boys let up in
their playing, piling up touchdown
after touchdown against their heavier
opponents, until eight times the goal
line had been crossed and four times
Cuttino had kicked the goal, making
a score of 52 to 0. On the kick-off
of Sumter, the team did not relin?
quish possession of the ball until they
had carried it across their opponents
goal line in two and a-quarter mir -
utes of play. In less than a quarter
of a minute, on the first scrimmage, 1
after the next kick-off Booth by some
brilliant broken field running and
stiff arm work carried the ball across
the goal line for the second touch?
down, in the second quarter three
more touchdowns Were added to the
list. one In the third, the only time the
Orangeburg team g< t together at ail,
ami two more in the last quarter.
For Sumter it is hard to distinguish
between the greater and lesser stellar
lights. Booth did some brilliant brok?
en Held running and gain* d consistent?
ly. Cuttino was like lightning on end
runs and gained from five to 35 yards
whenever he took the ball. Tie
I charging of Hail through the line was
always with the desired results for
Sumter. At ends Alexander recelv d
the ball on forward passes tirn> after
time for long distances, the forward
passes during the K?me being fie
quent and brilliant. Walsh also re?
ceived one forward pass and mad*' a
i good run, showing up well as a br< k
en field runner, McKay also gained
on forward passes. Simpson at quar?
ter ran bis tram like B veteran and
showed up well at all stages of the
game, the victory of the locals being
In a greal measure due to his head
work at this stragetlc point. On the
defensive Randle was the star, with
a capital S. Time ;tft?T time he
broke through his opponents' line and
stopped the runner behind his im?-,
besides being In every attempted buck
of his opponents, holding them down
without gains, Alexander anil Walsh
at tho ends, Cuttino In the back field
and McKay In the line also did some
lir>?- tackling.
Referee Moses; Umpire DuRant;
time keepers, Thees and Carroll; head
linesman, Strauss,
Time of quarters 10 minutes.
Miss AGNES RICHARDSON, PRES?
IDENT, Miss HARRINGTON,
SECRETARY.
Meeting Vt iv largely Attended and
Most Successful; Talk?, by Messrs.
Basil, Haynsworth. Williams and
Scott, and by Misses Mcljcan and
Sattcrwhltc?Much Interest Mani?
fested.
The Bumter County Rural School
Improvement Association held its reg?
ular fall meeting in the Hampton
School building Saturday. The meet?
ing was probably the most largely at?
tended ever hel by the Association
since its orgp m several yeara
ago. Much est was manifested
by all of $ present in the work
which 4< .apped out for the year
and al very interesting talks
we .de along the lines of this
? e
' . v j\ teachers and others interest
^ a the school work in the county.
ie meeting was in every way a suc?
cessful one and lasted until half past
one o'clock, when business was com?
pleted and the session was converted
into an informal talk-feast for the
purpose of giving the teachers the op?
portunity to meet each ot^er and talk
over school matters among them
.selve8 During this half hour a de?
lightful luncheon of sandwiches and
coffee was served.
Tho meeting was called to order by
the President Mrs. H. W. Beall. The
first matter taken up was the election
of officers for the ensuing year. Miss
Agnes Richardson was elected presi?
dent of the Association for the year
1912-13 and Miss Ruth Harrington
was elected secretary.
Prof. S. H. Edmunds of the City
Schools then extended to the teach?
ers, trustees and others present a cor?
dial welcome, his welcome being ex?
tended in a few appropriate remarks.
if las Marian Satterwhite made a
short talk on "Works of Art in the
School," pointing out how they help?
ed teachers and pupils and the value
of them in a well regtdated school
room.
Mr. A. V. Snell made an impressive
talk to the teachers concerning the
value of the Tomato Club work among
their pupils and how important it was
for the teacher to int? rest the girls
in this work. He told of what had
been done elsewhere and what was
contemplated in this county along this
line.
! Miss E. W. McLean told of the work
of the Home Makers' Clubs. She
stressed the importance of these clubs
in each community and told how the
teachers should aid m organizing
and keeping them at work. The aim
of the clubs is to teach the girls how
to do all of those thinps that are a
necessity in the home. She stated
that a column would be given to this
work in the county papers and Mrs.
Walter Minis would have charge of
the cooking department, while Mrs.
c. h. Foster would have charge of
the sewing department. <>ther la?
dies efficient along other lines would
from time to time contribute articles
to this "Home Makers' Column."
I Mr. J. K. Scott of the Bethel School
made a few remarks on the import?
ance of placing before the public
through th? county newspapers the
work that was being done in the va?
rious schools. The county papers had
offered their columns for this purpose
ami the teachers should avail them?
selves af the opportunity in this way
to keep up in' rest among pupils and
patrons in their school.
Mr. J. Frank Williams laid empha?
sis on tin- Importance of getting the
tfirls and boys interested in the corn
and tomato club work. He thought
this as important as other phaSOS of
school work. Every boy and girl in
the county should know about the
corn and tomato clubs and the teach?
ers should see that their pupils be
came members of them.
Miss Richardson then mads an an
nouncement ? f he prizes offered by
the state Rural School Im prove sasnt
AoSOClatlOB for the most improve?
ment in sctioo's during the y,ar.
Three prises would be swarded in
? ach county and Hi ite prizes would be
awarded for the 1 < -t work in the
schools, giving < . I hool an op?
portunist) to win two pii/.es.
Dr. .i. Herbert Heyneworth was
< ailed upon to make a fesj remark*.
He laid stress on the fad that the
teachers themselves must be Interest"
? d in tin ir work and they must inter?
est their pupils and patrons in the
w < >rk of the school.
At the ?lose of the business BeSSjlOU
the meet inj,' adjourned for lunch w hich
had been prepared for the nrrasaoa.
Mr. T H. Dick, of Columbia, ppent
Friday night in the i ity.

xml | txt