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TIE TILLMAN CASE.
McrillF.R kf.KPs children ULI
((h KT df.ciih
Argument* Hoard In nghi for Tlllman
< tdhlren ? <\i?*? lief ore Miimmc
four*?II, H. TIIIiimiu. Jr.. Presents
Afthlatlu* CotttrsdUiing Cornier
\%ir?-N charv/i? v?i llcwul Drunk
ciinc?>?\nv* Fit **? Rear Children.
1(1? Couidm'I Declare**? Attorneys of
Mr* Dugs* Pfcad that Little tilrb*
K. nmin In Mother'* Custod)?C??urt
t4? Annoumr l>o<'M'on 1.at??r.
? '"I'imbia. Dec. 2.?The return of
11, R. Tlllman, Jr.. to the allegations
of hin former wife, that he hail been
seen In a drunken condb'.Mi during
the past month, during a visit he made
to Augusta, wu made this morning
before the Supreme Court. He off* red
In rebuttal to thin teuton, ny affldu.lts
from numihTs of p?-sons who wer
with him. both on the train and In
Augusta on the day In question, In
Which they all testified to bis being
sober and not having taken a drop of
liquor. Senator and Mrs. Tlllman and
bis sister. Mrs. Lona Moore, who was
at that time visiting her patents. ftJ1
made affidavits that he was ?.ober at
tho time and that he was a reformed
man and had not bei n addicted to
drink for four years.
The Chief Justice, at the conclusion
of the caae. announced that the chil?
dren would be left in the custody of
the mother pending the tiling of the
decision by the court.
Mm. Dugaa and the two little chil?
dren, around whom the fight Is cen?
tered, with her attorneys. Do Pass A
.'.Pass, of Columbia. and S. McG.
Btrapklns, of Edgetleld. and P.. It.
Tlllman. Jr . with his counsel. Tlll
msn A Mays, and P. Harron Orler,
of Greenville, were all In court when
the case was called. Many ladies of
Edgefleld and Colombia accompanied
Mrs. Dugas to the court room and
remained throughout the proceedings
Many spectators were present during
the hearing of the CHse and the Inter?
est of the people In the matter con?
The answer of B. R. Tlllman. Jr..
to the affidavits Introduced by his for?
mer wife. Mrs. Lucy Dugas, at iho
hearing last Tuesday, alleging that
he had been under the Influence of
whiskey at as late a date as the 9th
and 10th of last November, was read
by his brother. Henry C. Tlllman.
With for 0 || manners and em?
phatic way Henry Tlllman reviewed
the case from the standpoint of the
young father In asking the court to
take the children from their mother
snd give them to him. Referring to
the f o t that the only throe parties
cnoertod in the action were the
father, the neither and the little chil?
dren, the speaker said1 "The llf'b
children wore too young to know of
the sorrow to whn h they were horn."
lie contended that there had been
a material change in the position of
each of the parties gtsUM the last I
tion In court. He contended that the
father now came Into court with clean
lands and In every wuy worthy to
have the custody of his children and
claimed his rights, which are para
mount to those of the mother. He said
he would let the affidavits he had filed
? 'th reference to the charge of drunk?
enness on the part of young Tlllman
speak lor themselves, and *ald that
whatever he had to say of the mother
wsa through force of necessity, and
that the mother was not competent to
rear the children.
Referring to her conduct after the
Children w*re awarded her. Mr. Tlll?
man alleged that Mrs. Dugas wrote to
young "lien" that It was his duty to
support the children and then declined
to have any further correspondence
with him. except through lo r a'torn
eys. That *he didn't even let the
children write to their father, except
until she began preparations for her
divorce, and then she permitted
Douschka to add rex* a few letters
to her father because sin? probably
was aw.ire of the fact that he would
more Ussg likely begin suit for them.
He n.tid thai formt i Superintendent
of Education Holland ones went to
see Mrs. Dugaa as Use representative
of Mr. Tlllman. and th if she t,,ld him
that sho Intended to leave the State
and never return as long as a Tlll?
man whs left In It. Hi referred to her
refusal to l**t the ehlldn n visit iSPg
tor Tlllman when he lay on h'.s stell
bed and called Mm Tugs* a person
of r*|ent|e).H and revengeful spilt
"i would rather see my ehtld dead
th in s i?.j. ? ? d to Mirr-oir.dir.!;s of hab?
et in da i> eontaef with heart et stone
and soul of ste?l, brought up under a
spirit of despotism, hatred and te
\enge," . > ? I imo d the sp? iker.
As th?? point of prime Impart n ? is
the ? sse. the speaker stress, d the ma'
ter ??f Mrs Duira* b.\\mg k><u< Into
ohlo ami net ' i ed a d ? and th n
went lot . th.- p.-it. a, ?l kin h fit...
Una. with ref. lo d ni ? p nl
IHK "?lt that It Was ioT'llo' th" put-l
moiais i l the Statt t i dlvei ?? >o be
r# <ed ni/.' d ' ' ? - I of this sourI
it. i and* r to ill. or< lie s i Id.
a ! ? that the Statt should not si
low the children to remain In a home
when' divorce 11 practiced and reeog
111/ ? d. Hi I loeod with a plM that the
children be given lo ihelr father, i
Mr. De Pace, of couneel for Mrs. I
Dugae* etreeeed the main oonalder-1
atlon ei the welfare of the children J
and paid I hat then had been no ma- j
terial change in any of tht parties
since the la.st action; that the father's
right! to the daughter! were not para*
mount ti> the inolher. hut that what
right to* had he loot when he deeded
th.-m to Benator and Mra Tlllman. I
Referring to Mrs. Pumas' noing hack
to her hushand and living with him
after th? r first ?parntlon in Wash?
ington, und of young "Hen" bringing
|ha children to this Stale and deed"
ing them ti? his father ami mother.
the speak, r -aid: "It was a most I
i tboftcal sido me to deprive the j
mother of her children.' He pointed
out that the drastic allegations made
by young Tlllman nboui the unfltneei
of his wife to rear the children at the I
formal trial wai mlloc/cd by his writ*
Ing a letter to her, in which ho said
that this nnJUnooi existed only in his
eoaceptlon and the speaker pointed I
out that th:^ happened after young
'?'dim.in says he had quit drinking? t
lie dubbed the attempted recon?
vening of the children by Senator
Tlllman back to his son as disrespect
of the court's opinion and that It was
a probable foundation of what he said
was some scheme to thwart tin
"It ha* m \cr been declared by this
court that a divorce granted in an?
other state would not be reoognlsed
when grunted by a curt of compe?
tent Jurisdiction," said the speaker,
replying that Mrs. Duga! had been I
driven against her will to gel *<? ?l'I
vorce simply t ? protect herself from
the intentions of the husband to fore
a raaoaclllatloi on hli wife. He de?
nied that divorce was taught in the
home of Mrs. Dugai and asked that
the court allow her to keep the chil?
dren, as she was better Iltted to rear
them than their father. |
In flashing eloquence, C. McO. j
S mpklns, of Mrs Downs' counsel said
that he regretted the aspersions
which COUaael on th*- other side had
attempted to heap og the bead of
Mrs. Ihigus, of whom her husband
said, "There Is no purer woman in I
all Carolina?*' and she a woman ]
crowned with all the virtues that go
to make up noble womanhood. He
said no practical reason had been j
shown why the children should he I
taken from the care of their mother, j
than Wham ? more solb itious and lov- I
In? mother never existed, as attested I
1 v scores of the good w >mor. of I'dge- I
Beta? ami driven to their father. He
plead with the court to allow the
moth et to keep her ltt|le children!
and dwelt on the mother h>\ e, "w hich
li a law in planted In every human
bfeOJBl and the master passion that
? m mates from every human heurt." I
I'. I'.arron Orier. Eeq . closed for
the potltloaoTi contending that the
deeding of the children to Sen at Of
Tlllman did riot estop the father from
earning Into court and claiming hla
tIkMs. which were paramount to the
mother. He said that they were not
aak ng that the children be deprived
of their mother; that all they asked
1 i> that they be awarded to their fa?
ther and that his home had ever been
open and was open now for Mrs Dllgaa
"Hell hath no fury like |0V1 to hatred
turned," exclaimed Mr. Grler, charg?
ing that Mrs. Pugas was rearing the
children la an atmosphere In which
their father and his name were de?
spised ami that this was wrong, lb
charged that she wouldn't let the fa?
ther see the children and went on to
picture the home with the father as
the head He said tHat all they hail
to show vas the father's worthiness
and denied that it was up to them to
show the fitness of the father over the
"prostrate moral corpse of the wife."
The father, bo stated, has a right
to see that they are reared in this
Mr. drier asked the court if they
couldn't live b, a Tlllman. Jr., the
custody < f the children all the time,
to give It to him part of the time and
to permit him lo see them at any
time under the proper circumstance!]
that the custody of the children I e
divided between Ihe wife and the hue*
hand, one to have them put of the
year and other other the real of the
At St Louis minister offen to prove
that I hen wen other women in th!
world when Bve Invented die -mak?
ing in the Q ird< n of Bden, The
preacher is probably mistaken or
else she might h l\e be. n aide t.i hol?
low somethini to weai Wilmington
S i a r.
? *i'?Iii in I ip l>. \ -
Ml lohn It, Baki ? on< of ?<?
ihaw1! modi i farmei -Ihr kind wo
d.. something no n ih in idanl rot
dr. aee?l i hl? ! ? a 9 hl h i ? Ited h m
ftsel.l* at the urn rate the u< I
:i I 11 om hla chicken ?? nd lurl - ?? h
win amount to |seo ?his ion,
? ' Kiel. ?? Bl a
STATE AIS TO SCHOOLS.
\.M(M \T GIVEN EACH DISTRICT
VOTING SPECIAL TAX.
Distribution or Funds Just Made by
Department of Education, Schoo la
in lit Counties Reeetvtng Benefit?
Appropriation of 1012 Kot Butll?
*'i?*i?t to Meet Needs, Due to Greet
Inorenee In Number <>f Dlitrtcte
Voting Spectal Tax?
Columbia, Deo, ?The state de?
partment of education dlitrlbuted to
the s|>e? i.ti tax Hohool districts of 1
the eeveral countiea the amounts of
state aid to which each district wui
entitled for the acholaatlt year 1911 -
19, The first appropriation t<> length?
en the school term waa made In 1909.
The $90,000 then granted by the Leg?
islature proved to be a great stimu?
lus throughout the state
The Legislature of n*iu continued
the ppllcy 1 nder what is known as
tite Garrta Act. appropriating $60,000
to lengthen the term of the public
schools. During 1910, L'ol school dis?
tricts voted a local tax in order to
qualify for State aid, while during
1u11, 198 districts voted a local school
tax for the same purpose. The result
Wai a noticeable increase in school
revenues, although the State appro?
priation was exhausted in neither
The flgUrei for 1919 have HOI beet1.
fully complied, but the number of
special tax districts entitled to State
Sid hal been ao largely increased that
tiie appropriation for tins year will
not meet the needs of the schools.
S. ores of districts now levy the maxi?
mum of 8 mills special tax for school
purposes. In some instances this is
further supplemented by a tax for
high schools or for bonds.
On November 26, thirty-four coun?
ties received as follows:
County Districts Amount
Anderson . 10 948.4$
Bamberg. t; 521.98
Calhoun. 16 1,425.59
Cherokee. 5 463.33
Chester. 1 100 00
Chesterlleld. 10 858.82
Colleton. 0 490.93
Darlington. 2 259.06
?dgofleld. ..11 1,358.09
Florence. 1 300.00
Hampton. 7 900.00
Jasper. 1 300.00
sfemhnw. 16 1,697.89
Lancaster. 23 2,994.48
LOS. 17 1,858.30
Lexington.. . . .. .it 1,199.21
Marlboro. 10 1,999.98
New berry. 3 271.78
< iconea.25 2,659.05
Orangeburg. 96 9,294.19
Pickens.3 2 2,666.80
Saluda. 99 3,193.81
Sumter. i 200.00
Union. 8 300.00
Williamsburg. 10 1,579.95
York. 20 2,000.00
The Nicholson Act to eneourags
Consolidated and graded schools In
country districts, passed in 1912. pro*
red special stimulus to better
schools, In Greenville County alone
25 districts voted special taxes in
order to take advtanak'e of this mea?
sure. In consequence of the le.ts dato
of opening in some ?if the schools,
their applications must lb; OVO** to
the Spring of 1913.
There are still on tile in the office
of the Statt; Superintendent of Edu?
cation a lar^'e number of building ap?
plications, extension applications, and
rural graded school appllcationa it
is certain that the number and
amount of these claim* Will be large?
ly Increased during December, be
cause applications from belated
school and overworked superintend?
ents are coming In daily.
Superintendent Sweaiingen states
that in his Opinion the policy of di?
rect state appropriation to the free
public schools, and the resulting stitn
ulus to local school taxation In every
section of the State, constitute the
most significant features in our re
1 enl ? ducal lonal development.
The school in sunder county re?
ceiving the State aid was Trinity, lo?
cated in Shlloh township.
Other applications from this county
will be tiled with the state Superin?
tendenl and paid when appropriations
for 11*19 etc made by the State leg
Islature, At present p II appropri?
ation: h ive bet n ? xhaui tod. it. Is
bop. 1 thai tbis aid will bo ret elved
before tha present school year closes,
>t during the pring of 191 \ Thl 1
1 ? 14 h been rccelvod only by dis?
trict! huvlnn an extra levy of four
in i!- for im hool put post ?. wll'? 11
sei.I ?1 leas I I wo It achera and
? i ul a'd Nelson Mur?
ray, ? f
n< 1 day.
Our Greatest Bargain Offer
Reading Supply for Whole Year
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This remarkable subscription offer may be withdrawn at any time, therefore do not delay, but
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SAVE THE LABELS FOR A NICE "DINNER SET.
CHIEF MAGISTRATES DISCUSS
PUNISHMENT OF CRIMI?
Bleaoe Defends His Record?Declares
He lias Pnritoned or Paroled too
Prisoners ami Expects to Double
Richmond, Va., Doc. 3.?The pesto
ration of the whipping post for cer- j
tain classes of criminals and sterili?
zation for others were advocated by
Gov, Baldwin of Connecticut this af?
ternoon In an address before the fifth
annual Governor's conference which
opened heia? today. Gov, Baldwin*!
address Immediately followed an a i?
dless by Gov. Bhafroth ol Colorado, in
which Gov. Bhafroth advocated len?
ient hut certain punishment for '"inn
Inali and cited his own state as an
exmaple where the system has work?
Gov, Bhafroth declared that severe
punishment had proved no deterrent
to crime. Certainty of punishment, in
his opinion, with an opportunity to
shorten sentence through labor and
good behavior not only punished the
criminal hut served alike as a de?
terrent against future crimes and an
incentive to reform.
He advocated the system i'i vogue
in Colorado, under which gangs cf
50 men worked without gtiards, aave
at nights, on the public roads, and
expreased tho hope that the time was
near when the State Could do more
than this?pay the convict a nominal
wage for the work he performed.
Gov. Donaghey of Arkansas declar?
ed for a severe penalty for lynchcrs.
No punishment, save death, he said,
would deter murderers from their
?"Why, it's not to the pass," he de?
clared, "where a man is certain of
punishment If he should steal a h?u. \
but where, nine times out of ten, he is
able to go stadt free if he commits
Every court of appeals should he
abolished, In the opinion of Gov.
Eberhardt of Minnesota. The jury
syst? to, he thought, was at tile root
of the evil ol frequent miscarriage of
justice. Nowadays, he declared, a
"man could plead guilty to r>7 vari?
eties of Insanity and escape the con?
sequences of his crime." Under the
present jury system, he added, it wat
almost it i possible to seb ? 1 Inti II igen t
m< n for Jury service.
"I want to take off my hat to Vir
glnln and to New Fork," said Qo\
Gih hi 1st of l 'lorida, "for 1 belies ?
they h ive done justice In their re
cent murder cases. I don't bellevi
11. in . Clay I ti it tie i on id hn\
convicted in my state."
i lov. i 'olo I. I III a o of Sort
conference this .?! u rnooi
i\ nchei' of n< gro assailants i
women Iii his St Me would ??? >
his use of iiii' pard inlug pow?
aa di ? hiring thai in 2 - moot in
pardon* d or parob d appro
100 pt t o?, and that he hop< d I hi
number at the end of the second term
would be 800.
Gov. I5lea.se' justified the use he had
made of his pardoning power, he said,
by conditions he had found in penal
institutions in the State.
"I walked through the penitentiary
of South Carolina." he said, "and
found it a tuberoulosis institution
Where poor devils were dying at their
tasks, making money for other peo?
ple; poor devils who had no choice
but to stand and work or take the
lash. Just the other day Jim Rob?
erts, a negro from Charleston, stop
pod me as I was walking through and
respec tfully asked permission to speak
to me. lie told me that he had been
kept in jail for 22 years for stealing
a $27 watch.
"I ?aid: 'If you are telling me the
truth you will eat your Christmas
dinner with your folks at home.' Be
s.iid, 'Governor, 1 have no folks.' Then
I replied, 'You will eat it away from
lo re.' And lie will. Another negrj
had served 11 years and seven
months for stealing $9. A Judge
wrote me that he had sentenced to
death ?i man when he did not believe
the man had been convicted beyond a
reasonable doubt. Another wrote me
that he sentenced to death a man who
he did not believe should be put to
death. He did not believe it at the
time, n<?r does lie believe it now.
"These are the errors of injustice
I am trying to rijrht with my power to
pardon. 1 am proud of my record."
A letter from rresident-eiect Wil?
son, announcing regret as his inabil?
ity to attend, was read by Gov. O'Neal
During the forenoon session Gov.
Norris of Montana urged that the
conference be made permanent and
become a vital force in moulding pub?
lic opinion and shaping public poli?
cies. Gov. Mcflovorn of Wisconsin
replied that a committee had draw n
up a plan for effecting this end which
would bo placed tomorrow before the
conference. Twenty governors arc
John L. McLaurin in State Senate.
John L. McLaurin, who served un<
term in the United States senate sev?
eral years ago, win ia- a member of
the next State senate. Following the
death of Senator Green In Marlboro
county, who was elected in tin* pri?
mary on August L'Tth. .Mr McLaurin
was the only candidate to he nomi?
nated. Ii?- will, therefore, he elected
Without opposition, It is not deli
nit'dv known whether he will be
HI case or ami [flense. Both sides are
claiming him. He has stated to frh ads
that he wall net work with the govor
nor in the senate, On 'lie otnvr hand
VV, 1*. lie iid, a strong supporter ol
the governor, has been advocutlng the
candidacy of Mr. McLaurin in Marl?
M Isses \ t inida M ? >*< h and Antil?
Graham, lite former as a delegate
from and the latter as president <t
1' ? ? b 1 tera of the ? \?nf? d
< harlcston in uttendutu
State convi ntion of tin U
i > ? of the t !onf< da racj
ROAD TO TIMMONSVILLE TO
Directors and l&ond Holders Pleas?
ed With uil Tliat They Saw in
This Beotloa and Will Push the
Work as Fast as Possible?Tim
inonsville Cash Bonus I ttrhe
The dlrectori Of the South Caro?
lina Western road have recently beam
through this Country Inenecttng the
routes proposed for the extension of
that road, and held a meeting at
Hartsville to make plans for future
work. There were live automobiles
full of them and they made a merry
party. Among them were Mr. Croft,
of Redmond & Co.. of New York, who
is the vice president. Mr. Werner, of
Werner & Co., the treasurer of the
r<?ad. and Mr. Tinker of the same
bunking arm. Mr. Drown, the attor*
nay for the Seaboard and for the S.
C. Western, Mr. Washburn, of Boston,
who is attorney for the Seaboard and
the local directors, Messrs. J. w. Mc
Cown, I). R, Coker. J. J. Lawtun and
Bright Wllllameon They visited the
new iron bridge ncroen the Pee Dee,
which is said to be one of the finest
bridges across that stream, and they
inspected the routes of the lines from
Florence to Allison and from Lydia
to Timmonsville, and from what can
be j- ithered, were ph ased, and the
bankers, who are the bondholders, if
the Tino s man caught on to things
ritfht, approved the plans for the ex?
tensions, and will see to it that the
money is forthcoming.
The "long green" put up by the peo?
pie of Ttmmonaville uets the n their
road first, if the eaves dropper heard
. ritfht. for Timmonsville has put up
135,006 for an extension from Lydia.
1 a road only twelve miles in length,
* and 'he road to Allison means noth
! Ing more than the business it wdll
bring to the road, and so must bide
a time of patience.
it w ill come sooner or later, ; nd it
is not thought that it will be very
long, but will he take n up as soon as
the road to Timmonsville is e.?mpht
ed, which will not be long.
Cotton In Warehouse.
Tin re is now some 4.4'?0 bales of
cotton in the Cotton warehotiee, and
380 babs under the cotton platform
shed, placed h> storage by Burater
county farmers i i the} can cet ?
better price t r $ .o ? than the
prevailing market pri< <? ..t the time
th d the < otton was ?ton d WhiV
thi* is not as much cotton aa an*
placed In the w.'irchou p la I year dar?
in [ the m aeon, Is more in i ropor?
la n to the am- f cotton mad- la
i le a aa i< und guilty and sc n
to i a\ ti tint ul 120.00, I le
otlce of Rppeal