Newspaper Page Text
Till SlMTIIt W.MVIhlW, l-MuhlMiod April 1830.
Consolidated Auk. 3,1881.
lie Just and Fear not?Let all the end* Thon Aims t at be thy Country's, Thy (.<*! 's aid Truth's."
SUMTER, S. C. vfEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 11, 1912.
THE 11(1 IE SOIJTHllON. KsuibllMjed June,
Vol. XXXV. No. 31.
DEMOCRATS 10 REVISE TARIFF
tut |\|?|< \tf.s imintion to
i.kt \k\v administration
ii \\ ? km.i. swim;.
The l*r????ldciit Touche* ?>n tho Af?
feln* of All DepKrtmentM Kxcept
That of State ? Fu\or?* Monetary
Krform. Against Philippine In?
Washington. Ikt*. 6.?Prc*
lilent Taft will make no fur?
ther ??frort to have congress
rvduov* il?o tariff. In a "gen?
eral" nw^ege to congress
?uhuilttctl today, the presl
dent clearly Indicated hin
Intention of lca\lng furth?
er tariff revision to l?rc**l
dent-eleet and the
n.iikfn-*. Just elected.
"Now that a new congress hau he* .
elected on a platform of tariff lor
revenue only rather than a protective
tariff and is to revise the tar'.ff on
that basis.? said the preakdent. "it Is
needless for us to occupy the time
of congress with arguments or recom?
mendations In favor of a protective
Tbla message, the N >nd submitted
by the president since the present
session began, will be his last of a
general character. It dealt with every
department of the government except
the State department, recommended
much of the legislation which Mr.
Tait previously had urged upon the
attention of congreas. and took up and
discussed at length several subjects
Mr. Taft came out Htrongly aguinst
Independence for the Philippines pro?
posed, he said, In a bill now before
conaress. He deprecated the new pol?
icy of one battleship a year Instead
of two; and indorsed again tho
scheme (if currency reform proposed
by the national monetary commis?
Conservation was lightly touched,
the president recommending the
amendment of billa now before con?
gress so thst wster power companies
which dam navigable rivers will con?
tribute to the Improvement of these
He ! lured that no radical change
m the Sherman anil-trust law was
needed, and prUsed the supreme
court gff Its recently announced
changea In rules of equity procedure.
In this 'onnectlon the president ask?
ed congress to pass legislation which
would allow the nupreme court to for?
mulate rules of procedure under the
common law in federal courts and
predicted that such action would fa?
cilitate Justice in those courts and re?
duce the cost of litigation to the pub?
The Panama canal was dismissed in
a fsw words, the president prophesy?
ing its opening In tho latter half of
1913. He took occislon, however, to
declare that congress should reward
th*? work of <\.| (?o. thala by an ap?
pointment as major general with the
provision that he become chief of
engineers when the term of the in
? umhrnt explns. He made only a
brief r*?feren< . t., thv dispute with
? iroftt Crltatn ? \?>r the l'unama ca?
nal aet and MM that when a form t!
prot? *t was lodged ag ilnst that act it
would l?e tfak. f up bf Hst United
The army the president dlseus.H.-d
at some length. He praised the army
leglalnt D8 of the last congress but
mid t^at proNixcn should h?? made
i-y law so ig ,t tiw aeUoa'i foreigs
raiments may be always maintained
upon a war footing; and he urged the
passage of the p. ruling military pay
bill, gOSSgasd le mak.- .servic e In the
rnllltla more enticing, and show>-d
that the heggs armv will be nothing
more than I "Shell ton" until OOS)?
gfggg ptovtcot th.u it i??- eoaeeatratsd
in fev? r points than at. now main
tallied 11 ? r.r d als?. the passage of
another bill now before congress, <!??
sigr ed to raise qulekl) a Volunteer
irmy In cs.?e of war.
President Taft did rod approve the
pro.tMHil fnf Immediate autonomy for
the Philippines and Independence in
eight years as prop.x??! in a bill
p. mhtiK' n ? ossgrecs\
"In the IMillippiM?- Munds vs?- ha\e
embarke.j upon m experiment unprt
dent'-d n? iium N.itb dep. tub n*
people." ?* .1.1 pi. Hidenl T ift MWs
are dev. b.pitu i In i> i. I ' n^ . \? lu
sjvelf fav th- own welfare, Th.gh
the in Ifytag forx of ? ? ommog ? lu
eation. of eemmeretal iad scosjnmlc
development, und ? ' olual pari
I hi. n in h>eai sell governments v#s
. n I? ivorlng to evo|v> a bom
K??tici.iiM p? ople l.t to determine, rhen
10 LOOSE MORTGAGE'S GRIP.
GOVERNOR*, AT FINAL SFS
ejON, ADOPT, FINANCE PLAN,
Relieved That MMM Will Result In
Greater IndciH'ndence for Farmers
of the Nation.
Richmond. Va.. Dec. 6.?The fifth
annual Governor's conference ad
Jourrcd this afternoon to meet infor?
mally tomorrow with President Taft
at Washington and discuss rural
credits, and to meet formally next
year at Colorado Springs at a date
as yet undetermined. In its dying
hours it adopted a resolution, which,
in the opinion of many delegates,
sounds the knell of the time-honor?
ed mortgage on the farm and presages
the advent of a* new financial era for
the farmer.? of the country.
Should the ntent of this prelimi?
nary resolution attain accomplishment
the governors believe that it will re?
sult In the establishment of a new
system of State banks throughout the
t'nlted States, governed by a uniform i
State law. I
These' banks, under the resolution,
would be fnanced by private capital
and would operate under legislation
sufficiently elastic to enable them to
Issue bonds for short or long terms
upon Arne-lean farms, in lieu of
mortgages. The bonds, In turn, in
the opinion of the governors, would
be listed under State supervision on
the stock exchanges of the world.
The resolution under which it Is
hoped to bring this about indorses th?
addition of a plan of financing rural
credits, ye. to be detailed, but similar
to those I ?road. It provides for the
appointment of a committee of five
governors to draft such a plan and a
bill legalli ing It. This bill must be
submitted to the governor of each
State In the union and upon approval
of two-thirds shall be sent to the leg?
islature of the various States for en?
The committee was not appointed
today but Oov. Plalsted of Maine,
chairman of the last session, was
authorised to name It later. He prob?
ably will do so tomorrow In Wash?
Many of the governors will leave
here tomorrow at 9 o'clock in a spe?
cial truln for Washington. Refore
adjournm -nt tonight the executive
committee appointed Miles C. Rlley
of Madison. Wis., secretary and treas?
urer, and John Franklin Port, former
governor of New Jersey, manuger of
the conference. Mr. Fort will have
charge of the programme of next year.
The conference also adopted a resolu?
tion congratulating Gov. Wilson of
New Jersey and Gov. Marshall of In?
diana upon their election as president
and vleo president.
"The custom of electing governors
to the h ghest offices in the gift of
the people," said Gov. Hadley, father
of the resolution, "is a wise one, in
which. 1 am sure, we all concur."
Mr. T. R K,?ting. a former past, r
of this City, aSJ written to Mr. I*. I.
Parrot! to ascertain the origin of the
<rhrlMtm i.-t mass meeting and offering
for the poof annually held in Sumtor.
in order that he may origin ;te such a
custom In tUg city in Georgia where
he is i tat loa d.
lad tune arrives, their own destiny.
We ..re Seeking to arouse a national
spirit and not, jus under the older
colonial theoix t<> suppreoa such ;i
spirit Dal our work is far from
done, < Mir duty to the Filipinos la
f ir from discharged."
Tut educational, sanitary and polit
k ?I re.im.ns. tie- president said, \>its
country should not consent to gt ml
ladspeBuenos at I his time,
"If th" laSS WS ha a undertaken is
higher than 'hat assumed hy other
nations continued tie- president, "Its
eccompllshnv nt must demand even
more patience. To confer Independ?
ence upon the Filipinos now. Is there
fore. t.. suhj,. t the great mass >f
their people to tin- d nlnance of an
oligarchial and probably, exploiting
minority. Buch n course will be a*
cruel to thoee people as it would be
shameful to us."
Is addition to ids advice In regfcrd
t ? legislation and hli opposition to
pending measures, ths president dls?
led lh< pi .. -p. rlty of the nat \< n,
its financial condition and th. propos
?-i 1 . m of a national budge! show?
ing proposed ? Kpendltur? s ami rev
enues; and called attention to th<
h iiam >? In the k> ?? rnl fund of i ?>
treasury of almost * l'. 0 OOO.t. Ills
rt mar si on I be buds, el ystem, he
said. v. uid he submitted to eon*
I ? ;s later accompli nled by ? modi 1
MISQUOTED, SAYS BLEASE.
TILILIAN AM) SMITH COMMENT
ON GOVERNOR'S REMARKS.
Will Do state no Good Former Ro
OhireSi while Latter Asserts
H.ease's Views Must i>o Considered
Ihose of His Supporters Until Re?
pudiated by Them ? Smith will
Fight to Keep Toga?Governor at
white House Reception ? starts
Washington, Dec. 7.?Gov. roh- L. j
Blease, when seen at the WlllSrd Ho?
tel tills afternoon as he was return?
ing from lunch at the White House,
said that he was rushed to catch his
train back to South Carolina and had
no time to discuss in detail his re?
ported remarks at the Governor's
Conference at Richmond. He said J
that he had been misquoted, as was
nearly always the case, but that the
record would be made correctly in j
the course of time and that on it he
was prepared to go before his people
for their approval.
He declared that he had made cer?
tain statements on which he would
stand He said that he had not read
the Interviews with him sin/re his
arrival In Washington and could not
say whether they were correct or not.
These interviews represent him as
saying that he would never call out
troops to prevent the lynching of ne?
gro brutes for attacking white women
and that he would be a candidate for
the next Senatorial vacancy, when?
ever it should occur, and expected to
The remarks of Governor Mlea.se,
as reported from Richmond and re?
peated In Washington in somewhat
altered form, have been a leading
subject of conversation here today,
and have been generally condemned.
A rumor has been in circulation f,,at
the Governor's Congress would not In?
vite Governor HIcase to participate in
Its deliberations at the next meeting,
but would invite the Lieutenant Gov?
ernor instead. Governor Hadley, of
Missouri, and other Governors who
were seen and asked about this, said
that they had heard nothing of it,
and Governor Hadley said with em?
phasis that he was not interested in
Senator E. D. Smith, of South Car?
olina, when tisked for an expression
of opinion on the Governor's reported
remarks as to lynching, said with
emphasis on the word "legitimate:"
"In v ew of tho fact tbit a ma?
jority of the people of South Carolina
have chosen Governor Hhase as Chief
Executive of the State, his views on
public questions must necessarily be
taken by the public as the views of
those who elected him until repudiat?
ed by them. Further than this I do
not can to make any statement."
Asked about the reported assertion
of the Governor that he would bs a
Candidate for the Senate at the first
opportu llty, and expected to get there.
Senator Smith said:
"I shall use every legitimate means
to ratal i my seat on my record as a
Dsmocrtti as evidenced by my speech?
es and VOtSI In the Senate and the
work that I have done in carrying out
the main Issue upon which 1 came to
the Sen its, the right of the producers
of this country, particularly the cot?
ton growers, to have every legitimate
share ( f the wealth that they pro?
Senator Tiiiman. when Governor
Blesse'i repotted statements were
Called to his attention, said:
"I am sorry to see that the Gover?
nor of South Carolina has come into
the limelight again, for it will do
th" Sta :?? no good."
SWS WOR8E THAN REPORTED.
Newspaper Man's opinion of Blenee'i
Wasl Ington, Pec. 7.? One of the
star uu n of the Fnlted Press In Wash?
ington) seen today on his return from
Richmond, whsrs in attended the
Governor's Conference, declared that
the published reports of Governor
Hlease'a utterances did the Governor
no Injustice whatever, and that they
were rol really as bad as what h<
? lid say.
Negro Killed at I'liicwood,
11 u repoi | > d in i he cit y Monday
morning that n negro had been kill?
ed b) in Atlantic Coast Mne train at
I'inewi od und thai the coroner and
sheriff rr au Clarendon County were
tin r. i . hold an lnn,u< st. At tho sta?
tion .n t' . elt) ;t v. as stab tl I hut m>
In1 ri i ' i i ? i ? l been obtained buvc
lbu1 ii dead in??? 11 > h I been found at
I'll w ' od, w ho w ''; supposi '! to have
Remarks in Richmond.
GRIDIRON CLUB FROLIC.
THE GREAT LANDSLIDE OF 1919
AND HOW IT HAPPENED,
TOLD BY NEWSPAPER
Taft. Roosexelt, Jolmsoii. Cannon,
I iO i ig worth und Other Victims of
Recent Political I'uhcaval Butt? of
Jokes at Annual Farce of Famous
Organization of Newspaper Corre?
spondents ? President Himself
Heads List of Distinguished Guests,
All Joining in Merry-Making,
Washington, Dec. 7.?Tho landslide
of 1912, how it happened, and tho
futility of an attempt to reorganize
the "G. O, P." on the old lines, were
the themes upon which played the
wit and humor of the Gridiron Club
at the annual fall dinner tonight.
Events of political importance and ac?
tions upon Which turned national is?
sues were treated in a spirit of levity
and fun. Underlying each jest and
quip and skit were touches of human
sympathy and kindliness for the vic?
tims of the November avalanche, as
well as some bits of homely advice
and warning for the victors, that kept
everybody in good humor.
Not even his late political enemiei
failed to welcome the pathetic tribute
te President Taft in the song rendered
by the Gridiron Quartette appealing
to him, "not to forget us when you
go away." The President sat and I
listened with the members of his 1
Cabinet scattered about the banquet
The fun started early. It was dis?
covered that the usually immaculate
hall was not as tidy as it should be,
and a "White Wing" was sent about
gathering all sorts of litter. This
turned out to be "campaign rubbish,"
and each And brought forth a ripple ;
of applause. He pulled out from tne
handstand a pair of moose horns, and
the club members tossed Into his bag
some worn-out souveniois of the
campaign. Such were the "last pre- I
dictions of Senator Dixon and Charles
D. Hilles;" "that smile that wouldn't
come off," the "bluff at'big business.
O. K'd by Bill Bryan;" a couple of
old empty wallets, one marked, "C. P.
T." and the other, "G. W. P." the
peace treaties, the Commerce Court,
and the "hopes of Henry Cabot Lodge
for the chairmanship of the foreign
Unlike other clubs, the Gridiron
club initiates its members in public,
and this time it acquired two worthy
young journalists in novel fashion.
Hobbling into the Shall ?>n crutches,
bandaged, hats knocked in, and
clothes dishevelled, came caricatures
of President Taft, "Uncle Joe" Can?
non, "Nick la ngworth, Murray Crane
and Representative Sulloway, Mc?
Kinley and Dalsell. "Sons of the
landslide," who declared their pur?
pose to reorganize the Republican
party rallying around the States of
Utah and Vermont. Tlie messengers
from these States each announced
their four votes in a limerick, Vermont
"In the Green Mountain State, recol
Old Tuft won out by a neck;
And we'd '\e elected him,
Kf they ha ln't neglected him
In forty-six States, by heck!"
The messengers it was discovered
were "l'.ull Moese spies" In disguise,
who when stripped of their false
beards, turned out to be the new
members Of tho club. Charles P. Key
ser, correspondent of the St. Louis
Globe, Democrat and Edward B.
Clark, correspondent of the Chicago
The Republican Electoral College
Inslted on meeting while the dinner
was in progress to name a candidate
for the second place, for which va?
rious names were suggested, only to
he instantly withdrawn by solicitous
friends. t ?f such was that "stable
minded, nevei -changing-his-viewa, pa?
triot," Herbert s. Ifadley, the "Ster?
ling Revisionist" Reed Smoot, the
"Invincible Borah," tie- 'great friend
Of the Common people," Senator Pen
rose, and Robert Marlon LaFollette,
whoso motto i,:. "Forgive your ene?
mies," who recommended that the
"place be given to Oyater Bay."
Th. ii t!'. scene changed t <> the Orl
?m and the battle of Armageddon vya?
fought in realistic style, as described
by hair a dosen war correspondents
for 111? - benefit of old Raul, who had
come to tin scene of his early con
Corresp< ndent !,odg< reported tine
Field M.irsTiall DJxon had m >we<
down Field Marshall McCombs, wltl
i harvester machine, MeCombs ha<
poured a hoi Btatemenl Into Fleh
Marshall Hilles, and Hilles had hit
Dixon will) sonic majority claims.
Midshipman Giflford Pinchot, aide to
Oen. IN rkins. reported that the gen?
eral needed ammunition and had sent
him for a fountain pen to write a
eheek. What Saul supposed to he a
horse turned out to he a hull moose,
and the two men hanging on his
Hank, Adam Bede and John Harlan,
were said to he the "Truth Tellers."
"Do they tell the truth?" inquired
Saul. To which Correspondent Champ
<Mark replied, "Say, Mister, you're not
a King, you're the court jester."
i _ . ?
Fresh from the battlefield on his
horse, Correspondent Watterson re?
ported that as he left the field the
1 democrats of the House were trying
to arrange the tariff schedules, "and
the carnage was frightful." Through
his glasses, Saul discovered the gen?
eral on the hull moose, dashing to?
ward the large general seated on the
putting green, followed by the tennis
cabinet. Saul's inquiry as to the
Identity of the nine men surrounding
Taft, was answered hy che explanation
that they were his Cabinet, "who will
get Into the battle after it is over."
What was at tlrst supposed to be "the
dawn of Jay," turned out to be Col.
Jim Ham Lewis, and an "engine of
war," to Saul's ancient eye was only
Governor Hiram Johnson. Even his
old friend. "Joan of Arc," was really
Albert J. Bev< ridge, disguised as
"Mary of the Vincclad Cottage."
The action progressed until tho
Pull Moose and its followers were tlee
ing and the man w ith the golf stick
was preparing to leave the green. The
battle w as soon over ?nd Saul started
post haste for Washh [;ton to seek a
job, declaring that he had been a "life?
long Democrat since the battle ended."
One of the striking features of the
evening's entertainment was a rendi?
tion of a complete act of the tuneful
opera of Carmen by the vocalists of
the club in full costume. This was
the famous act of the bull fight, only
it W8S rendered with stranger charac?
ters than Pizet ever deemed of, and
even the bull was replaced by a full
grown bull moose. Entered Don
Jorge Perkinsarlo, champion bull
moose trarner of the world, who an?
nounced that tho Mexicans, tired of
bull fighting, wanted a sport that had
some real hot ta m ales and chile ?on
came in it. which meant a bull moose
fight. President Garthe, alter a whis?
pered conversation with President
Taft, announced "that the President
' of the United States assures me that
i you can have him (the Pull Mose) and
Carmen appears, "history's gay co?
quette." as "Popular Applause" and
sings, "To win my smile the greatest
statesmen pause, but when my glances
! seem most fair, then have a care, be
j ware, beware."
The Pull Moose, pawing and snort
I ing, enters, and then in order the to
readers are introduced and invited to
explain their methods of attack. Don
Roberto LaFollsttio replies. I'm sure
I could have talked the brute to
death." hut hastily n ilres into the
group as the Pull Moos.? makes a
demonstration. Toreador Don Champ
"I know the way to get that Moose so
Why don't they turn Pill Bryan loose
< n him?
If they did that, I d have a good
For saying: "Co it Pill. Go it Pull
Then thej sang Carmen.
Carmen: Put w here's Don Taf
tio? That's the man I'd call, by 'ar
the worthiest Matador of all."
Don Jorge: "Don Taftto'f a good
fighter, people say."
"Too good for any rough and tumble
Frank and Forebearlng, inclined to
A liberal mind to an ungenerous foe,
This little message he h is paused to
'I'm busy now. let Hilles tun tho tight'
Yet he's th?- Kind of man I hate to see,
Fonder of duty than he Is of me."
Then 'ho climax: Don W.Irow
singing and wavering hi bladi asserts:
? i n bowl him over with classic lore.
Lines "t Euripides, phrases of Sop?
Plato and Plutarch, at him I'll bel?
low it nd ! oar,
? ?rat or j In all II u1om.1I! hurl al
him w it h might and main,
Ho II gel no ehano to tell th.- stor>.
i ll never Irl him explain/'
When upon he turns upon tho n I
Moo e, who falls ami is draged off b> '
the S P. <'. v.. while Don Woodrow.
lurns io Mi ? Popular Applause, who}
greets blm, "Woodrow, I ni yours foi i
SUM fLR SCHOOLS PRAISED.
? A TRULY REMARKRALF REO
ORR" SAYS P. P. t'LAXTOX.
Figures From Mr. S. II. Edmunds
Show That Pew Children Fall by
the Wayside,?Work Is Highly
Washington, Dee. 8.?"A truly re*
markable record" is the way Dr. P. P.
Claxton, United States commissioner
of education, today characterised the
work of S. H. Edmunds, superintend?
ent c?f schools at Sumter. in keeping
boys and girls in high school.
Analysis of figures presented by Mr.
Edmunds showed that comparatively
few fall by the w- de in the Sum?
ter school syste here are 63 pu?
pils in the firs . high school, 63 in
the second jr5 CO In the thirc, and
5^ in the ?> .h year. Last year 53
gradua' ^1* bin high school and 40
went ,v liege, an almost unprece
der ^ proportion in a public high
s mmf The work of these boys and
1 V in college is highly commended
President S. C. Mitchell of the
University of South Carolina, and
President D. P?. Johnson of the Win?
throp Normal and Industrial college,
both of whom declare that the Sum?
ter pupils were notably well prepared.
Dr. Mitchell says Mr. Edmunds has
effectively answered the question:
"How to hold boys in high school."
The superintendent himself men?
tions a number of points that seem to
him to account for the enviable fig?
ures. In the first place, he cites the
fact that in his system boys and girls
'ire educated separately from the; sixth
grade up, making it posstbls to apply
education more directly to the special
needs of each sex. Again, he points
to his military company of grammar
and high school boys, in charge of a
regularly employed commandant, as
another feature that proves attrac?
More fundamental from the edu?
cational point of vi^w than either of
these is the insistence by the super?
intendent that each pupil shall realize
that he is an individual, not a mere
cog in the machine. Thus a valuable
sense of personal pride is developed,
which leads to a desire for mere and
more education. As a further incen?
tive for the pupils to remain until
the end of the course, graduation from
high school is made an important
event in the student's career.
Although giving due weight to these
explanations, educators who have in?
vestigated the Conditions b< llevs there
is a deeper reason for the presence
of so many pupils in the Sumter high
schools. According to Prof. Hand,
State high school inspector of South
Carolina, the real secret is to be found
In the cordial personal relation that
exists between Superintendent Ed?
munds and the boys and girls in his
Whatever the exact explanation, the"
success In keeping boys and girls in
school at Sumter is an unusual one
In American high schools snd demon?
strates what ' .in b< done even with
the ? dinary curriculum in a school
Where an enthuslsstlc superintendent
puts his whole soul into the task of
J education and Inspires an entire com?
munity with s..me of his own fervor.
four long years, per?haps."
The farewell to President Taft was
touchtngly conveyed In the verses en?
titled. "On the Ohio.' set to the mu?
sic of "Moonlight Hay," as follows:
By the old Ohio shore;
Theer's a to\sn.
Famous since the days of yore.
Cincinnati?good old station?
For the leader of our nation
Waits with welcoming ovation,
I >n the Ohio.
When tlie moonbeams shine,
On the Ohio
And electric light n Vine street
Are all aglow,
I >r if the Rh n<
You should rhan< to be.
Won't \ou think of us in Washington,
l?. C ?
w ? ha\. met.
Where Ihe broad Potomac (lows
\\ .t h r* grel
We will lose the friend thai goes,
w '.. n to Fountain Square >ou wander
Won't you sometimes pause and
? ui tin- friends so distant yonder
From the Ohio?