A REO HOI FIGHT.
sol Til CAROLIN A s<>M>NS \iu
To H i>i\ mi i? in It! rWO
\\ VKKINt. i vnioNs
NMII Smith \|>|h?lnt Reinheit to I'ow
fr.'?<in?i \l.in\ I'eople Have li*;
i.rol Out llutt l?r QtCffJI Rick Will
th?? Wm-, mitl Mi'hiii Coiiintlt
i'oiupuhMir) Kducalton War Is
and the Penitentiary In to
.,, i.i, r. ,|
Columbia, Dec. 31.?Thong people
In South Carolina who Imagine Hall
the coining session Of 1M k ri- i.il a>
semhly ih going to he a love feast are
Everyone remembers the storm)
of the last seHMton. Those
ass will be duplicated, very prob?
ably, at the corning session. The is?
sue la going to be BleaseUm and both
sides will ftjht for every Inch of
ground. There will be haggling, bluff?
ing ami browbeating, and quite a lit?
tle of It. ? ?
Those who represent the adminis?
tration realise that they are in a hope?
less minority and every means known
will I" - I to K.un power, however
Httls that power may be.
It Is sail that the governor's an?
nual message will be even more bitter
th? n his first message to the house
and senate. That SSSSaagS will VST]
likely atari t he h , t .he s
In the senate there is a two-thirds
majority of no tubers who do not favor
the policies of the governor. In the
house ?he opinion Is widely divergent
aa to the relative strength or the two
aides. Some claim that at least
seventy-eight of the 124 members of
the houne are opposed to the govern >r
ao ernor's friends el,um .it bast
half of the members However, that
w1!! be decided when the first vote is
This much Is known, tin r.i ase mea
in the house are trying to bluff Meng
del L?. Smith, who is assured of elec?
tion as speaker, Into appointing G
H. Rembert a* chairman of the power?
ful waya and means committee. It is
believed that Speaker Smith will re- '
fuss to be bluffed and that Dr.
George luck, the ranking member will
secure the appointment.
The general assembly will be called
to order on January 14. and is sup- '
Possd to run forty working days. It
may I un longer, as was the case last 1
Whooi/n* nn1 ?tingling politicians'
In South Carolina have always been,
snd they will alwayo he. opposed to
?compM'jory education It .< known
that a ct nipt, jm ;. edu .V
WsH ho Introduced at tin* aeaal >? b)
Senator Hall, of Cherokee County,
^h* measure will undoubtedly be .
ly discussed, for South Carolina ,
lef iors ai>? fond of talking, but It,
v nsver be j. is.sed Iloweve .
gh ;d the measure finally be adopted,
the governor has stated th.it he will
veto any measure of that nature, This
is perfectly in keeping with the chu t
SXSCUtlve for he belongs to the class of
politicians who tight It. The people
of the state are beginning to realise ;
the need of compulsory education and
the frbnds of the measure will make
s strong and determined fight
The e is some talk just te>w con?
cerning Ah.skey legislation. It is said
that : n attempt may be made to se?
cure high license for the S ate. This .
Is all talk. ver\ probably, for the;
Whl*'-. l ? O- . os to ? e dead 111
South <'ar? Ittia.
The mile.ige \? sj|| problem wr.i in ?
sll probability be brought back fot
discuss, -n as ihe in xt wMion It in
expected that the governor will in bis?
message to the general Onsssabrj
recommend the dopt.on ? f a im usur?
provldng for a two-cent rate for SUO*
The legislature will be < died up< n
to nil two \ .n ancies on the circuit !
ben b. eb?t a supet inietuh nt and
thi?e ntsnhofi at ihn hsjnrd os di ae?I
t :n of tb. gante angjttf nliury.
?n# o the raoa notes an the bench
?nit eu?<d ly the resignation of
?fudg? Koh. it K i ok? s of ? u an?? burg. |
Several ?frb a?;< II? was ejecte I j
from Uuj first ? u< ull P T MHdehrnnd
g| (sfnnsji i nd M H Connori of
St. MilttheWM, nth Web III Wtl attor?
ney*, i.av % in en inliHoned lot tin
place. The lOffg I f JttSHP Tin.mas g
Seas*- ?f - pa. t'liii.ursj, wii esplre
soon. So ai I-* kn w n he Will he
huv I .m\ ? ppi sit l< n I 'apt D, I
Griffith, who h . made such ? '
pable ollii lal w.ll ask foi i? ? b- ttofl SS
- ip. rlnti mi. in ol the - late i- nth n
tlwy. Ms v. .li i-e oppoa d bj Sheriff
Hunter, of Hamberg ?ml Sheriff Uoni
Of I'no.n MUflg I BooktSl and \v
S. MafTntng i.sve bsea mentioned as
candid ?'es | .r a pi M I 00 the board
of unrests ri of th?? state penltsntlnn
The hontory mill nl the state penh
Unllnn Ul" seohnhly he eonsld
?ntd hf 'be w ans Tl governo
neveral da\s ago snd in ? ffieaSUSJS t?
the gowrn-.r ? I Arhansss ihsi if tin
mill w is not abolished thai then
might b. ggnay geHgnnjsra llhernted
The legislature will ery pfshahly ig
nore Ih- W Isias of the goveriUM- abui
the ah ve line, for I b gnl gfjgjtl o t
a legui < ' ntinet.
AI mil the biggest problem to he
t'aeed |,y tin- legislature will be that
of linanees. Comptroller General
Jones has estimated that a tax levy
Of tl\e ami three-fourths mills, the
same as last >ear will be required.
That estimate wan made before the
as\lum bond issue was defeated. The
K it. must return the s.wral hundred
thousand dollars borrow ed from^ the
sinking furul commission and it is SS
ItSMted that the t i\ b vy will be in
oreaaed from 1 to 2 mills.
The general asseinbl\ will meet
without a definite program of legisla?
tion i?ne and all seem to be uncer?
tain as to what matteis will come up.
If the governor should adopt a con?
servative eouree and recommend wise
legislation, he will tlnd co-operation
in both hOUeOB. If he pursues his
. oume of last year, then the tight is
on and the word wrangle only will
I tell the story of the session.
WFIK.IFIFLD HOLIDAY NEWS.
Local Item*, of Interest?College Stu?
dents at Home for Christmas.
WedgefWld, Dec. 31? The Christ?
mas holidays passed off quietly here.
1 expect the usual amount of spirits
erai need, but the fact that a rural
poUeemna ll eround has a good effct
The merehantl report t fairly good
trade, not as good though as in for?
Rev, <; \v. Way, the new Method -
dist pastor. has decided to live at
Dalzell. While \\?- regret to lose him,
in win be more centrally located, it
leaves US though without a resident
The following students from the
colleges named are at home for the |
holidays:: From < Memsen, Feter
Dwigh; and Frank Mellett; the Uni- 1
\ersity of South Carolina, Jerome
Weinberg, Mortimer Weinberg, Matt
Drohun and Lee Thomas; the Citadel, 1
Neil Kyaa; Charleston College, Single?
ton Dwight; Winthrop College, Misses
Helen Weinberg and Ida Dwight;;
Charleston Medical College, Bert1
Mrs. E. M. Mellett. of Mullins, is'
on a visit to her daughter, Mrs. E. W. j
Miss Mildred Mellett, of Summerton, |
is \isittng Mrs. Marion Mellett.
s Mabel Mellett, who Is teaching
school near l'.rogdon, is spending tin
holidays here with relatives.
Mr J M. Ryan, of Diddefoid. Me,
has he. n on a visit to his brother her.',
Mr. J. D. ityan.
Trouhlefteldi of Char
i> mi Parley spent ?
part ol th relatives at
Miss Lucile Uaaque, one of the ,
tarn lo ts of the graded school, is
sp< ndlng the holidays at home in Ma?
rlon. She w as accompanied by Mlsi
Martha Flatt. 1
Mrs. H. F. Thompson of Lindrum
Ml spending sometime w ith h< r par
Mr. and Mrs. W D, Troublctield.
1 Hauls Qrimn, ?f EUoree, is
sp. nding sometime with her UUCle,
M I .iv 1 tnot I Irillln.
Mr and Mrs U Lee Marvin and
children, Minnie, Thelme and Leon,
pent the holidays with Mr. o. d.
11 1 rvln, at Plnewood.
Mrs. II. C siiitn<i' is visiting reln
tlves at Manning.
The bunte'? report very few birds
killed during the holidays. Most of
the lands around are posted which 1
think is a stop in the right direction,
for usually the hunters fron? a dis?
tance will, 11 1" estate, kill every bird
in a covey. It is a hard proposition
to solve but something ought to be
done le prevent the ueelees slaughter?
ing ?-f nanntest birds and unfit for
food. While hunting one often meets
with boys, and many are of
the colored race who shoot everythlni
In Might, red turds, thr ushes, sparrows,
and in fact anything large enough! to
fly. Tin-re are two Ways to reach this.
One is a hunter s licence, and the oth
1 er. land owneti could prevent such
destruction by forbidding hunting on
their lands without special permits.
The old DuPor! house, now occu?
pied by Mr. W. J. Norrie, recently
changed b inds. Mr. T. 1. Strange, the
nwne, seiim/ at 11 goo i profit t?? Mr,
t r?? 1 ?eW.
Mr R It Hnrvln has rented the
Mein se plantation from Mm Carrie
Mr. a. e Aycoek, Jr. made Hying
tali to lllchlnnd county on Sunday.
Mist Sue Be on of Winthrop col
legi is pendlng the holidays with
V 1 1 lle|!en t Wem?., g
iv . pi. a ho |o,? it. t.i|K don't hav<
I to s, irch bIm?u( bu' 1 topi, of i on
I vernation these days - the) talk ahoul
? be \N ? Ill to I
The Neu Year 14 an approprlab
lime to begin working on the plan*
fof the County fnlr thai Rutnh
< . hi ?hould hold nest fall
a suggestion for th< Chamber u
? 'otnm< f ? ?? W i?i It dui ins l?13 ti
brlns ttie Ateoiu rallrond Into Humb
. f 11 .1 fault of that build nn in le
pendent railroad In Olanta v t;? Shi
OPPOSITION 10 COL 60ETHALS
HIS PREJUDICES MAY DRAW ON
EIGHT IN SENATE.
Known Dislike tor Cols Galllard,
Sibert and Gorges May Prove
Bcusnnilng Block for Goetlinls Ap?
pointment us Governor of Penama,
What a southern Congressman Bays
of Proapectlve Appointee ? CoL
Galllard a ?.Hi Carolinian.
Washington. Do. 81.?There are in?
dications that President Taft's report?
ed purpose to name Col GoethalS as
Civil Governor of the Canal Zone
Boon after the holiday recess may en?
counter opposition in the Senate. No?
body question! Col, Goethale1 own ef?
ficiency, but it is charged that he Is
prejudiced against somo < f his sub?
ordinates who are no less competent
than himself, and that if made Gov?
ernor he would he likely to treat
a southern member of Congress is
quoted here today ns saying:
"Throughout the hearing! held at
the Canal Zone, a year ago, by a com
mittec .d* Cotigia ss, whi'di was fram?
ing the bill for the civil government
of the Zone, it was apparent that <*oi
Goethali entertained a keen dislike
for Col. Di D. Galllard, who has the
direction of the great work in the
Culebre <'ut; that he does not at ail
like Col, Win. I.. Blbert, who is build?
ing the Gatun dam, and that he en?
tertains unlimited contempt for Mau?
rice H. Thatcher, the head of civil ad?
ministration In the Zone. He doei
not like Col Wm. C. Gorges, who from
the beginning has had charge of the
sanitary wo: k.
"At one time Col Sibert was on the
stand, telling of something he consid?
ered necessary to make the founda?
tions of the Gatun dam safe. He
frankly told the committee that Col.
Gothels did not Agree with him, but
Col Sibert insisted on his own opinion
notwithstanding. loiter Col. GoethalS,
referring to the incident, said to
members of the committee: "We'll
have to get rid of Blbert* or something
to that effect. This did not please
members of the committee who had
come to have full confidence in sibert,
and some of them went to Col. Got>
thals and advised him not to attempt
getting rid of Sibert."
Col, Galllard le a South Carolinian,
and Cola Gorged and Sibert are na?
tives of Alabama,
if the appointment of Col. Goethals
as Governor under civil rule means
the sacrifice of these three distin?
guished contributors to the suocesi of
the Canal project, or of any one of
them, there will be some lively doings
in the Senate before Goethals Is con?
MARKET AGENTS APPOINTED.
Southern Hallway Will Work to De?
velop and Improve Marketing Con?
Washington, Dec. ;:<?.?President
Finley, of the Southern Railway Com?
pany, in announcing today further
railway co-operations for the develop?
ment and horticulture, said:
?'In the efforts which the Southern |
Hallway Company atid the Compani- I
. s ass. oieted with it are making to en?
courage dlvereifled farming, we find
that the man who takes up tin- grow?
ing of new crops or the raising of live
Mock may be discouraged in his first
?< ason by the failure to market his
products satisfactory. We freqeuntly |
receive requests for information ;is to
marketing, ami, in some cases it has
come to our knowledge that perisha?
ble prodUCtl ha\e spoiled because pro
dim rs did not know how to market
'< oir companiee, in pursuance of
their general policy < f helpfulness, j
have arranged to appoint, on January i
lot, four market agents to devote ail j
of their time to collecting and giving'
information as to market, methods of j
packing ami ?hipping, etc., te pro-J
ducers who may seek their co-oper- i
ntion in the territory traversed by ?
tin- lines of the Southern Railway, 1
Alabama Great Southern Railroad,'
Augusta Southern Railroad, Blue
Ridge Railway, Cincinnati, New Or?
leans and Texas Pacific Railway, Dan- i
villa end Western Railway, Georgia
Southern ami Worlds Railway, Mo?
bile und Ohio Railroad, Northern!
Alabama Railway, Southern Railway
In Mississippi, Tallulah Palls Railway,
und Virginia and Southern Railway.
Th< four market an ius who will re?
port to i in Tintfh Department of
th.- (Nimpanics, will be appointed ?>
?Mr .1 M Meahorn, with head
1 <iuarters in Southern Itallwaj ofllce
i lulld ng, At lanta, < la,
M r. K. M. I .nne, with headquarters
; n Cincinnati, Nea Orleans ? Texas
I Pacific Rallwaj General freight Of
iic< s, * 'Inclnnati, ?ihlo
! Mr. 1: 11 Robinson, with head
qtiuit??n in Mobile A Ohio Railroad
General Krolghf Offices, Fullerton
Building, Si i.oui , Missouri,
"Mr, m m i Immert, with h? ad
uuarters in Southern Railway OfHci
Building, ' too IVnnslyvanls Avenue,
1 Washington, I? t'."
LITTLE PROGRESS MADE IN N EAR
Doth Turks and Allies Seem to be ob?
durate In Peace Conference?Any
Real steps in Advance Taken Out?
side Picture Gallery <>f Historic st.
.lames Palace?Will Allies Stick ro?
London, Dec. 31.?The passing of
the year baa occurred without either
the conclusion of peace in the near
east or notable progress In the nego?
tiations which are proceeding in St.
Jame'8 palace. Whatever has been
accomplished toward setting the
status of European Turkey, the work
had been done outside the council
chamber and largely by the great
The Balkan plenipotentiaries have
made frequent visits to the foreign
? nice and the ambassadois of the
?powers during the past week .Mon?
day Dr. Daneff, head of the Bulga?
rian delegation, atld Rechad Pas:.;,,
the chief Turkish plenipotentiary,
had a long conference on the situa?
'1 h-- allies have been trying to in?
duce the powers to bring pressure
on Turkey to accept their demands,
but the powers are disposed to con
slder the demands excessiv e, and sug?
gest reductlone. The heads of the
Balkan ? elegatlons have draft, d a
sort of ultimatum, which will be pre?
sented to Turkey if necessary but it.-*
purport and the occasion when it ma)
be presented have not been divulged.
The most important feature of the
situation Is the question as to wheth?
er the allies will be able to remain
eff< clively united us dissensions, al?
though Officially denied, are constantly
creeping in. Bulgaria* ?>*ing the
strongest tsauong the states*, arouses
the greatest jealousy and is accused
of being responsible for present con?
The allies armies Blight have
reached Constantinople many weekfl
ago. sa\ c:iti?s, if Bulgaria* had not
detached 35,000 men of her army and
sent them to Saloniki to prevent un?
disputed Greek occupancy of that
town. Those 35,000 men, strength?
ened by fresh Greek and Servian
ir< ops, they argue, would have been
enough to continue the march ta the
A Balkan proverb says: "He who
wishes all gathers nothing." This ap?
plies to Sab niki, wHiieh may end by
being neither Greek nor Bulgarian
A decision practically has been
reached that Saloniki, with the chai
eidice peninsula, shall be autono?
mous. Etsehad Pasha has telegraphed
to Constantinople n full report of
Monday's sirting and also the result
Of conversations with the Austrian
and Italian ambassadors concerning
the frontiers of Montenegro.
M. Miyuskavf has also visited Mar?
quis imperial] and expounded the
feelings of Montenegro concerning the
occupation of Scutari and Djakova,
besides the western part of the San?
jak of Xovdpazar. He explained the
reasons from n military and commer?
cial point of view why Italy should
suppott Montenegro's plans for the
sake of its ?>%cn Interests The am?
bassador pronals id to forward the gist
Ol this Statement to the Italian for?
The Servians and Montenegrins
hope that Italy, notwithstanding the
alliance with Austria, will help them
to prevent Austritt from depriving
tl em of the fruits of their ? onquest
The! faith In Italy is strengthened
i y the old Italo-Austrlan antangon
ism In i - rything connected with the
I'm delegate Slid today:
"If Austria insists new on having
her way, in a few years she will be
<?n the sick list of Burope, as Tur>
k< y has been for ages. The Slavs
inside and outside the monarchy will
not rest until they have freed Bosnia
and Herzegovina. Croatia and DuJ
matlc, uniting them with the Servian
? . Roumanla will claim Tran
syl an la, while Hungary, Bohemia
nd Galicla tisplre to independence.
"Thus an unnatural empire, com?
posed of 1 4 different nationalities,
may suddenly rail like a house e>:'
The nmbassadors today resumed
the exchange of views, preliminary
to their meeting Thursday. Especial?
ly noticeable waa a long Interview
between the Russian ambassador,
Count Benccndorff, and the French
ambassador, Paul Cambon, on the
latter'a return from Paris v.ith verbal
instruct . ns from Pr? ? ? r Polncaire,
which was int? rpr< h d as y more ac?
1 live stand ? n the pa t of I he rr .pl?
i linti nie.
Prom messages received here bj
all the delegates and ambassadors, it
appears that th.' chancellories of Eu
rope are working hard to contribute
lb' II- l|UOtll to the CaUSe Of pelCe.
\ s.ti. , sane and profitable resolu
tlon t oi t he merchant who is de
lei nun? d t?? sin e. ? ?I I?? advertise con
servativel) and persistently, statin
facts in a convincing manner an?
i\. eplng his name and business ?l
ways lief.a. prospective customers
The People's Bank.
? _ _
The Bank of Sumter'o
Christmas Savings Fund
IS AROUSING WIDESPREAD INTEREST IN TDK CITY.
WE CONDUCT Tills SPECIAL DEPARTMENT TO CIL
TTVATE THE SAVING HAIliT IN SIM TER?AND W ITH
UNEXPECTED SUCCESS. ASK POR DETAILS.
The Bank of Sumter
Now is The Time
to tench your boy the value of small accumulations, thrift, economy
and methodical business haMt- When it comes time to leave him
what you have accumulated, he will be better prepared to care
for ami increase it.
No Safer Plan 'or accomplishing this than by having him start
and build un account at the
Fir? National Bank.
Banking for 1913
rHERE 11 AY F.. ALWAYS BEEN BORROWERS AND
LENDERS, BIT EXPERTS CREDIT VENICE WITH HAV?
ING Tili : FIRST PUBLIC DANK. WE ARE NEITHER THE
OLDEST XOR THE YOUNGEST, BUT NONE GIVE BETTER
The Farmers' Bank & Tru^t
TEETH AND MONEY.
Money spent on teeth is a good
Investment and one that gives you
Money the Medium of E?xchmngs). .
is only good so far as it gives us
the things which contribute to our
health, comfort and happiness.
Wl en Spent on the Teeth it brings
Us all Three of the Above.
The Sumter Dental Parlors are de?
voting their life work to the care of
the tee h, let them look your mouth
Sumter Dental Parlors,
IX. C;. H. COURTNEY, Prop.
OVER MKS. ATKINSON'S MILLINERY STORI
I Frost Proof Cabbage Plants!
? Prices: 1,000 \<> 1,000 plants at 11.25 per thousand; 6,000 to j
? .a $ .00 pei thousand; 10,000 at 10 cents per thousand end special <
X prices ? n larger lots or to th?.s<- acting as our ag< nts. i
T We have cheapest express rate, we guarantee count, safe delivery. J
? prompt shipment itnd satisfaction. PI mts grown In open fields and <
e guaranteed I'rosl Proof. w*" have n 1 varieties. The earliest, Early ?
Jerse) Waketleld; next earliest, Large Type Charleston Wakefteld; *
O late varieties, Succession end Late Klai Dutch l'i:i its noe ready for j
O shipment. ?
]l Caih, noun1' order ?>r express mone> order with ;di orders. i
ij The Carr-Carlton Company,
? BOX 17. - - - MEGGETTS, S. C. j
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