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THE DYNAMITERS SENTENCED.
TillKTt illicit: wii i do mii:
in i i H ? \i. nci^iin.
Jud^e Vii<|? rvHiii Iiii|h^i ?? sentence*
lUiutlim from On. Year to Sewn
Year*? Prisoner* to be Sent to
Le*ircnwortti ut Once?Attornt*)*
lor Primmer* \(?ln- of Appeal
But im? St*> of Sentence Will lie
Indianapolis, Dc. 30.?Imprison?
ment In tli rul penitentiary at
Leavenworth. Kan., today was
Imposed aa punishment upon 33 labor
union o fuels Is coma ted of hav?
ing encaged In the destruc?
tion of property by dynamite, Frank
M Kyan. president of the Interna?
tional Association of Bridge and
Structural Iron Workers, the strike of
whhh was given aa the motive for
promoting the dynamite plots, was
asntSDcsd to seven years' imprison?
ment, the heaviest punishment of all.
Of SI men convicted us conspirators
and alders In the McXamara dynamit?
ing scheme, eight other men, all af?
filiated with Ityan, each were given
prison terms of alx years.
Two men were given four years
each, it men were given three years
sacb. four men were given two years
each, six men were given one year and
ons day each, and six men. including
Edward Clark of Cincinnati, a tlytu
mlter. who onfessed at the beginning
of the trial. v?re allowed their liberty
on suspended sentences.
Elimination of those who received
suspended sentences left 33 who are
to go go Leavenr. .r*h where the
shortest sentences will be one year
and one day.
By the liberation of Hiram It. Kline,
a former official of the Carpenters'
union. Olaf A. Tveltraoe of San Fran
etsoo remained as the only labor union
official among the prisoners not re?
lated with the Iron Workers' union.
But It was Tveltmoe who was charged
by the government wth having mn
Ulved with Ityan and McXamara for
the destruction of life and property on
the Pacific coast. It wa. T\.ltmoe
who sgaln and again was referred to
by the government before the Jury as
ths "murderer who ught to be In San
Quentin prison, along with the Mc
From the bench. Federal Judge Al?
bert B. Anderson read In connection
with sentencing the men a statement,
in which he said:
t%M evidence shows some of these
defendants to be guilty of murder."
Ths court said also the evidence in
th** case will convince any impartial
person that "government by injunc?
tion is infinitely to be preferred to
governmen' by dynamite."
The sentence of Herbert S. lb", ? n
termed "the Iago of the conspiracy,"
snd the sentence of Tvietmoe were re
eslved by each of them without any
Kuxene A (*lan? \ of San bran..-.,
and J. K. Munsey of Salt Lake City,
both of wh m we e i barged v ith as?
sisting in the escape of James Lb Mr
Xamaru from the scene of his crime
at Los Angeles, also received their
sentences In silence.
When the court Issued a ggsnyjaj
ii\ttatton to any of the men to state
what reasons they had, if any. why
sentenc-- should net be pronounced
these n en remained sestsd.
Steps toward appeals In behalf of
the pr.soners to the United BtStQi
i .?t court of appeals already have
been taken. Chester H. Krum, with
oth*i counsel, appeared before Judge
Anderson late today, to arrange for
ths filing ?f writs of error. This
formality may be done tomorrow.
Meantime Mr Krum said, there
was no prospect of procuring lib.
erty for sny f the men through
supersedes* bonds. All the prisoners
are to go to L'avenworth.
What time the special train is to
? i rv them there. United States
Marshal Kdward Schmdlt refused to
state, as he h?S been Instructd to
h^*?p In ahso'.ute secrecy the depar?
ture and route of the train It u a
understood no efforts would be made
to tak? the train out before tomor?
I he Heuten? e
Seven Tsars?Frank M. Ityan. pree
Idnet of the Internation il Ass..elation
of Bridge and Structural Iron Work?
Six Years?Olaf A Tveltmoe. San
FranclMco. secretary of the California
Building Trades counell; Herbert s
If<?? kin. forme; ?ecret iry or the Iron
Worker** union and formerly of !?e
iroit; John T. Butler, Buffalo, rlee
president oi the union; Fug? tie A.
Clancy. San Fram .-? ? ?; J 1! .\1un??\.\
salt Unto City, t tah Philip I. Cools .
New Orleans; Frank C Wehn, Neu
York; Michael J. Young. Boston.
l -air Years?John H Barry St
I*>U|m; Peter I Smith. \, I.iikI.
Three Years- Char b N la I -
Mime apoiia; tsssTTf W. Lslgheltner,
|>en\er; Krie gt 0. H I US I Bdl n
Spoils; I Jdw.i rd Sm> tin . \'< i ? HI i
William F Iteddln, Mdwanhooj M I
rsy U ivnn M. Springtb id. in : pa il
j Morrin. St. I^.uls; Willis I. McCain
Kansas Cttyi tflehnol J Snag
Sernnton. Pa.; Oee?rge Nipper Ander?
son. ( *levelandi Wllford Berl Brown.
Kansas City, Mo.; Michael J. Cun
eane, pi> 'aeieiphin.
Two Tonn?Frank J. lligglns, Pos?
ten] William k. Painter, Omnhn; Prod
sio-rman. Indlanapolla; Richard J
HonHhan, i ?hleego.
Oh* War And ON Day William C.
Bornheifli. Cincinnati; Chaa j.
Wachtmeister, Detroit; William shu
pfjTi Chicago; Jamal k. pay. Ptorla,
111.; Kdward k. Phillips. Syracuse, S
V ; Fred Moen< y. Duluth, Minn.
?ngneadod Sentences?Patrick v
Farrcll, New York: James Cooney,
' 'hi- l-..; mi;, s < '<. 111; h 11 ii. t 'hicat;..;
Hiram R. Kline, Muncie. Ind., former
organizer for the Carpe nters union In
Detroit; Krank J. Murphy, Detroit;
Kdward Clark. Cincinnati, confessed
dynamiter, who testified for the gov?
AUJDGKD TRAIN WRKCKFR
Re>bcrt M?ck til ven Preliminary on
Charge of Attempting to Wree-k
Robert Mack, colored, was given a
preliminary in Magistrat?- W?lls' offlci
Monday morning on the charge of at?
tempted train wrecking. At the close
? of the hearing Muck was held by
Judge Wells for trial at the higher
court ami remanded to jail in default
of $400 bond, which he was not able
to put up.
Mack was arrested at Mayesville on
the day before Christmas, when he
returned to that place to visit his
wif'j, wh^m he had not seen for sev?
eral months. It Is alleged that he
triou to wreck an a. C. P. passenger
train by putting cross-ties on the
track. Tie two chief witnesses
against Mack were William (?Innton
and And u Dennett, two OOlorod de
t.-ctives who have been seen in this
city before when they worked up evi?
dence In liquor eases against a num?
ber of negro blind tigers.
Bonnott stated on the stand that in
a conversation with Mack the latter
had admitted t<? him that he had put
the cross ties on the t?-.ck to w rei k
the train, giving as dfl reason the
fnel that one of the firemen on the
road had thrown a lump of coal at
him one day la passing him. 1
The Hoctiott master testified to see?
ing Mach pass along the track on the
day the alleged attempt to wreck the
train was mule and Detective Wheel?
er of the A. c. P. force stated that he
bad Worked up the ease and believed
Mack to ha\e been the man who made
the attempt to wreck the train.
Mr. P. D. Jennings represented the
defendant and the state and rnllroai
w.-re represented by M.. Mark Rey?
St MTFlt MAN BNTKRTA1N8 WIL?
Kos. \. \i. Pincii, Nntrre ol this City,
\-?sIn1.n In Welconilng I'rcshhmt
eiect at staunton. Ya.
The Rcy, a. m. Praner, pt tor of
the Staunton. Va.. Presbyter ..m
Church ami fotmerls I roeident id*
this city, was a very important us
rletenl in furnishing entertainment
for President-elect Wilson's visit to
his old home ;lt Staunton.
The Pev. Mr. Fl cis I was born in
tills city and lived here until he grad
ini d from college- and left to take up
his duties as a Pr?-sbyterian minie?
t. r. lie is gg older brothe r of Judge
T. P rrneeff and has meny other rela?
tives and eonntleee friends In sum?
Mr Pmcei attended oollegc with Mr
Wilson and new lives in the house In
Staunton, Ya, in Which GoV, Wilson
was born and lived as a boy. It was
natural, therefore, that e?n making a
visit to his boyhood home* (?e?v. W.l
se?n should stay at the home- of Mi.
in ?peeking e?f (inv Wilson'! visit to
staunton. The Baltimore Bun has the
follon mg lo snyj
"Thirty thousand Yirglnlans gath?
ered to do him honor at his birth*
He spent the muh? in the room of
the Preebyt er la e manse in which he
After a family breakfaot, enlivened
w 11d reminiscences of school deyi
with the pev. a. m Praeer, h- want
to stell Mrs P. S. k y-er. now '.< i
? old, who held Mm le her arms
when he wai the baby of her minis?
An old sc van: was also greeted.
Then he renlewed the parade of
his homs folks, sitting beside C,o\.|
n*>r Sdenn ol Virginia.
After luncheon hs spoke from b
balcony lo those who hod spent the
Intervening houi : hoping for "one of
thoes gr< .it >-|'< ?' It
a t. isjqtie i .it night ended Ihf i el
< htoiii< < nnatlpNtloil < 'in il,
" I *|ve ) eat i ;\k<> i had the w n
, ig? ..r chronic constipation I i \ ei
kgee of end Chamberluln's Tablet*
ru ed m<." ? I lb s. P. Pish, Urook
I r m i< h. i 'or sale by ell dt del
TURKEY PRESENTS FIRST FOR?
MAL REQUEST FOR AC TION
BY THE POWERS TO END
Will Present Their Demands Rather
in the Nature of an Ultimatum, ut
Next Session <>r Pence Conference
Held Tomorrow, Much to Lose,
London. Dec 30.?After a fort
nlght of enuring and feinting, Turkey
ha formally shown her hand in the
Turkish-Balkan peace conference.
Mediation by the groat powers Is the
Ottoman scheme for emerging from
the war with the best face for the na?
tion and the plenipotentiaries which
the situation will permit. The Turkish
delegates proposed this solution in
guarded terms at today's session. The
meeting was brief and more strained
than any which preceded it and the
Turkish tactics were characteristic.
The delegation had received fresh
instructions from the porte, Rechad
Pashs announced, but part of the
telegram was undecipherable and
must be repeated to Constantinople
for translation. Then Rechad Pnsha
came to the point, to which the Ot- j
tomans had been leading up since
the beginning. In the opinion of their
opponents. He declared he was able
to state that most of the questions4
under discussion should be deferred
to the powers. The boundary be- j
tween Bulgaria and Turkey was an j
SXOOPtlon; that was a matter, he said,
lor direct settlement between the two
Then the Turkish delegates at?
tempted to discuss questions at issue
Informally but the allies insisted that
they should put their positions in
writing, which, after conference, the
Turks said they were not prepared
The allies propose to bring affairs
to a crisis by a statement in the natura
of an ultimatum at the next session
of the conference Wednesday. They
express the determination not to
waste more time in waiting for te'e
graphlc consultations, or pretended
consultations between Constantinople
and the Turkish delegation to London,
and will meet at an early hour
Wednesday to decide upon their
Mediation has two advantages from
the Turkish viewpoint. First, Lhe
tendency of such an arrangement al?
ways is In the direction of a compro?
mise. In tin; second place, mediation
would save the Turkish government's
prestige in the eyes of the people by
making it appear that Turkey con?
cedes the sacrifices which she Inevlta
ly must make to the pressure of all
Europe instead of the dictation of
the heretofore despised Balkan
The first, considered from the
standpoint <>f the allies, is oppose d
to their Interests, such s solution as
mediation offers would be of forth, r
disadvantage to them that at least
tWO powers?Austria and Italy
could not be considered as disinter?
The Turkish design in presenting
counterproposals which left an enor?
mous gulf between them and the al?
lies' proposals, was to < rente a .':it
Uation in which mediation would ap?
pear justifiable, even necessary.
Their argument is that never since
the beginning <>f the world has a
mediator, entrusted with s difficult
problem by conflicting parties, given
a verdict entirely favorahh to one
side, without compensation t<> the
other. Therefore it would be easier
to recoup part Of their losses through
mediation than by battling directly
with their advisory,
And the capital argument remains
that whatever Turkey would be forced
to cede, lo r Mussulman population,
particularly the semi-barbarous tribes
of Aral.i.i and Anatolia, would swal?
low tl e bitter |ull with fewer grim
aces If convinc ed it was administered
by a coalition of the w hole of Europe
instead of the vassal states of Bulgaria
lu the camp of the allies the pro
pi sal for mediation has been received
with varying degree of dissatisfaction.
Ail agreed that mediation would be
possible of acceptance only if the au?
thority t ntrusted to the mediators
was of >u? h limits that it would be
Impossible t.? deprive the victors "f
conquests rightfully gained; that it
must be mediation taking int.. account
and present status of the belligerents,
p.?t tin- ante-bellum statu?, and above
, all that it must he mediation, not ar?
id trs t ion.
Vrbltratlon, i< is pointed out, was
possible before tin conflict, not after?
wards, nnli is on questions of detail
eh as the delimitation of frontiers
noi w.ii defined bj ethnographical
? l ndmnt I.
Servia and Montenegro are most
dlssatl fled of all, In I he belli f t hnt II
will be Impoi Bible to u< t Impartial
mediation by the powers, which In
I dude Nustrla, a nation ?hieb has
'shown in ti" pasl and Is showing now
I such a threatening attitude against
j what tin ? nsscri is fl legllImate
Our Greatest Bargain Offer
Reading Supply for Whole Year
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A Happy New Year
START THE NEW YEAR RIGHT BY USING
BUTTER-NUT BREAD "UF
Rich as Butter - - - Sweet as a Nut
AT ALL LEADING GROCERS.
Save the BUTTER-NUT Labels for Prizes, which will be Published Later.
PROF. T?TE TELLS OF SWI*s I
Close Relation Between Teachers and
Pupil? teacher's Position
Washington, Dec. .'5?>.?"Nearly "j'?
per cent of the teachers in Switzer?
land are mm." said W. K. T?te, su
pervlsor of rural schools in South Car?
olina, to a conference of educators at
the United States bureau of education.
Mr. T?te has just returned from a
three-months invstlgatlon In Switz?
erland under the auspices of the bu
"Five hundred dollars Is consider
?? 1 a good salary for a teacher. After
s lifetime of service he may g ? as
high as $800, Living is cheaper there
than here, however, and In addition to
his salary he is furnished with a
dwelling, a certain amount of garden
land and wood for fuel. His dwelling
Is generally in the same building with
the school. His position la of consi?
derable local importance. Aside from
his duties in the schoolroom he is of?
ten secretary of the local creamery as?
sociation, leader of the village hand,
organist in the church, and general
Intellectual guide for the community.
"When h teacher is engaged for a
position, it is for life or a long term
Of years. He settles down with the
people whose children he teac hes, and
generally expects to make that partic?
ular Job his life work, And he Stays.
Changes are rare. Twelve new teach?
ers in one year in a system of 240 was
considered very unusual. The record
for continued service In the same v il?
lage is held by a teacher In Thurgau,
who has occupied the same position
for 66 years. One teacher that 1 vis?
ited has held ins position for 24 years
and his father held the same position
for 36 years before him.
"One of the most attractive fea?
tures of the Swiss schools is the cor?
dial personal relation that exists be?
tween teacher and pupil. There !fl
nothing of the military In the disci?
pline of the school; no line-up; n->
marching to classes. When the chll
I dren *-ro to the classroom they shake
1 hands with the teacher, greeting him
I as it' they had not seen hm for a long
time and are really glad to see him.
The whole relation is one of charming
naturalness and kindliness on both
"In the Swiss cantons school is in
sesuton from s to I In winter time,
i with an Intel mlssfon ol two hours at
noon (three hours for the younger
children.) in summer the children
! have to he ;it school at 7 a. m.
! "Failure to be 'promoted' is rare,
\ftor the lour years of elementary
training In the piimarj school, pre?
scribed for everybody, the children
i proceed into schools that sire carefull>
I differentiated for the various typt of
I c hildren Some of the children enter
upon i technical training; others are
Ht m through the gymnasium and ultl
I mate ly to tie university; and s-m ill oth?
ers are prepared for business life or
.i p\ ?th< i ? nil a l ie career, according !
the ability . nd aptitude of the Indlvl
dual boy or uii 1"
Cott nil ! loner t'laxbon, who Intro
dUCed the speaker, said he be ievcid
Americans would derive much benefit
from Mr Tate's study of conditions in
Switzerland, which will soon be pub?
lished as a bulletin of the bureau of
education. "In Switzerland," said Dr.
Claxton, "it's a case of the school for
the people, not the people for the
school. We can learn much from
S wit/a rland?more perhaps than from
some of the larger countries of F.u
RELATIONS NOT CHANGED.
state Department Officials say NoUi
Ing of Russin.
Washington, Dec. ?Notwith?
standing the publication in St. Peters?
burg of an official announcement that
Russian Imports into the United States
would continue' to enjoy the minimum
rates after the expiration of the pres?
ent trade treaty tomorrow night, state
department officials today decided to
adhere to their Original purpose to is?
sue no official statement bearing upon
There is said to be no intention to
controvert the publicly accepted view
that the tade relations between ?he
two countries after the- expiration of
the- treaty of 1*32 may continue e?n
practically the same basis as at pres?
ent under tin- well accepted princi?
ples of International law which gov?
ern in abseme'e- e?f expre-ss tre aty i
latlons Apparently, however, the of?
ficials have cc ncluded it would be un?
wise- at this Juncture to commit the
United states to any specific line of
action by a formal statement.
The> teM asurery department may ce^n
alder it necessary to issue' some in?
structions to collectors of customs In
connection with the entry of ships
from Russia and Importation ed* gooel^
Advertising Stunter's V. M. C. A.
In th?' Annual Review number <>t
"Association Men," the official organ
of tlie North American Voun Mens'
Christian Associations, tin- Sumter V.
M. C. a. is mentioned as a growing
and progressive association, and a
very attracive cut ed' the local Build?
ing illustrates the- brie f article " As?
sociation Men" circulates all ever th ?
United states and is widely read by
Y. M. C. a. members throughout th"
Large Number Vtteild Dam?.
Quite a large number of > ?ung la?
dles from this city and those visiting
In the city ami man) young men were
at the Informal dance given In tic
Armor) Hall Monday night. Tin
eiatice- commenced about la o'clocl
?tod continued until after one. all ol
the- young folks enjoying the affaii
very much, Rchumacher's i?*Tchestr
furnl-la (i t hi music fo- t in? . ?
Among tin- out-of-town
w< re: Misses Vivian \] Cullough
Darlington; Annie Strolu ker, ?'hat
leaton; V rginla Taylor, Camden
?I race v. Sell, r ? ? ttet Uli ; Lucil
Phclps, Spray, V * .
m :<.it? .;itti \ by mtjlr.
Ilad t?> Kill Mule to Get \rm Out of
Lincoln Taylor, colored, was bitten v
Monday morning by a mule which is
supposed to have been mad, his arm
being so badly lacerated by the mule's
teeth that he had to be brought to the
City immediately afterwards to have
the wound dressed.
Barly in the morning Taylor sent
his little boy to the stable to catch
the mule, but the boy returned in a
few minutes saying that the mule
jumped at him so that he was afraid
of it. Taylor then went himself to
catch it. but v\as himself frightened
off by the mule s peculiar actions. He
called in several of his colored neigh?
bors and Mr. James Simons, the near?
est white man to the place, came over
t?? see the mule. Taylor and another
negro then again essayed to catch it
when the mule caught Taylors arm
b? tween its teeth and held on to it.
Mr. Simons struck the ir.ule with a
stick and a negro tried to prize the
mule's mouth open with a pitchfork
handle, but unsuccessfully. More
strenuous efforts were then put forth
to make the mule release its hold on
the negro. The mule was struck over
the head with an ax and was finally
killed before the ana could be re?
moved from Its m< uth.
Mr. Simons then brought the ne?
gro into town, where Dr. Blrnle cau?
terised and dressed the wound. The
negro was in Intense pain all the time
and even after the arm was dressed.
He was also very much afraid that
the mule was mad and that he would
have hydrophobia as s result of the
bite. His arm was terribly lacerated
b\ the mule s teeth, a big piece of the
flesh l elng torn out.
Monday afternoon a doctor was
sent to examine the mule and to cut
ott* its head for further examination
i v the state pathologist at Columbia.
It is not known whether or not the
mule was bitten by a mad dog, and
a number of other animals which
were in the same lot with the mule
may have been bitten by it during the
night, and mo. h apprehension is felt
by the owners until an examination
tan be made and definite information
obtained as to whether or not the
mule was sub*. ' ing from rabies.
The negro, Lino in Taylor, who was
bitten lives at latesburg on Mr. W.
P. sbaw's pia.?< nl the mule be?
long* d to him.
II - h Over.
to r ' i p. . . . Mid > hu not like
to . i thai y? w stomach troubles
w? re . o r that you could cat m| kind
of t.i j i desired wdthoul Injuo
That may seem so unlik ly to yon
t; ; you do not ? \' n hope for an
end sc of your trouble, but permit us
to assure you that .t ii not altogethei
Impossible. Il the h can be cured
permanently, and thousandi have
? t Battle frei k, Me h . \? one ? them,
lie says, i was iron I led w Ith heart