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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 11, 1913, Image 1

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THE KLMTKR WATCHMAN, Established Aprtl, 1850.
OoueolidaUd Auk. 3, 1881.
"9i Just uml IVar not?Le all the ?*n<ls Thou Aims't at !>o thy Country's, Thy God's ami Truth's.'
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established June, 1
SUMTER, S 0-, SATURDAY, JANUARY 11, 1913.
Vol. XXXV. No. 40.
IlLLM?fj URGES REFORM.
ABVlsKs I.F.t.lM.ATl Uli T<> sVFK
t.l \IU> I'd M
Ml ,.| Kl^ Holl I>04M1IC<I 1 ? 114 ?^
Reformed?.Senator IVhin Another
Sex* (Vial* am L*m Summer ? Cam
psujrw and Primary-?<?oo<| Caovom
sarwt IHmmed l nie**, legislation In
f to Put Primary Substan?
tially Inder Haine Regulation* mm
Geewral Klee t Ion.
Washington, Jan. 7.?"We muit
either reform th? pri-nary system by
law or Me It die," warns Senator Ben?
jamin Ryan Tillman, in an open let
tar to the South Carolina General
Assembly, soon to meet, in which it Is
urged that legislation be enacted to
safeguard the primary system of elec
ton in this State. "If we do not safe?
guard the primary system," writes
Senator Tillman. "and make it above
suspicion, good government In the
State la doomed." The senior Sena?
tor again warns the people against the
negro being used In politics under
white leadership; if the black popu?
lation be thus mobilised, he thinki,
osaees) of trust ard power will become
saara "pawns in the game of politics."
to be bought by the highest bidders."
Following Is the statement:
dislike to have the appearance
even of assuming the light to dic?
tate to the Oeneral Assembly, and
soch Is not my purpose now. But for
reasons unnecessary to enumerate I
feel that I have & iuty to perform In
the present instance.
"The angry passions aroused last
summer In the statt? campaign for
Governor have In a measure subsided,
and the people have cooled off. To
my mind there wss grest danger to
whit* supremacy and Democratic
anlty which Is now happily passed.
But ualsss every possible safeguard Is
thrown around the primary system,
by law. mien and regulations made so
plain and of such a Just and reason?
able nature as to compel honesty
? and fair play In the primary?the
tm*m.. * horned huJ the n-opjle of
^"^s^^P^ ^w^^p^^?^BssBss^^Bss^asajssi gs? * * w*** * ^ewsav-. -?w?*><i
flfhe ?Ute will settle their polltleuT
dlstsrawces at the polls In Novembsf
just as they now do la all border and
Northern States.
"There are many people In South
Carolina who would he glad to see ,
two whits parties in the State. Were |
conditions different I myself would j
like to have two white parties, but ?
as things are now it would mean the
mobilisation of the negro and his
active *nd aggressive return to State
politics under white leadership.
"1 know of no calamity greater than
this that could overtake our people.
I speak advisedly, for I went through
the reconstruction period and know
the degradation to which our people
sank, the rottenawew and corruption
that were In our politics, and made
our Government a by-word and a
hissing, and I km w how hard it was
to get the white men to line-up
should, r to ihoylder and throw off
the yoke. From 18?8 to 187?'? we h id
the vilest and most corrupt Govern?
ment In South Carolina that has ever
existed In any Statt* of the L'nion. ex
rapt Louisiana.
"The negroes outnumber us In
South Carolina )>y more than one
hundred and fifty thousand, and a {
large number of them are either reg- j
ist? red or eligible f.?r registration. If
they should c\?r he mobilised and]
lad to the polln by white men. in the
struggle for mastery and control, th.-n
ws csn n- \r the State from a
repetition of even greater corruption
than we have already endured. The
State corporations and Standard < dl.
to say nothing of the railroads, would
uas money lavishly, und the Gover- I
BOrshlp and the United States Sena
torshlps. to say nothing of the Con
gressional delation, would h. ..tu.
pawns In the game of pgjttfaf It bfl
bought by the highest bidder.
?The Democratic party of South
Carolina, when It meets again In Con?
vention. ? HI r. . I ubt deal with this
question. 1 a the legislature ought to
deal with If now. at this coming h. h
slon. while the memory lfl fresh and
knowledge of Intensity si feeling I
not faded away.
"I cannot and will not Indicate Just
what sort of a Inw the legislature
ought to pass. The detslls must be
worked out In togssnHUti ewl I MM
and Will outline the general pollry
which should govtrn us In this
crisis
"Flr*t The prlmar\ ought to be
honent ??nd fair and above sll Mflpt -
ion.
"?econd: No man ought to object
to whatever expense and trouble are
necessary lo secure such reglstratlo i
snd preparation of the democratic
dub rolls as will Insure honesty and ;
MILLIONS DF CAPITAL ADDED.
Mom: hi\\ fie.ooo.ooo inchkasf
ix sol Til last TEAM,
(Growth In South Carolina?State Has
IH New Hank*. With u Total Capi?
talization of Over fl.ooo.ooo.
Atlanta, Ga., Jan. 7.?More than
$1?,006,000 was added to the banking
capital of ten Southern States by 303
new Institutions formed during 1912,
according to figures compiled by The
Southern Banker, and announced to?
day. Reports from State banking de?
partments und the comptroller of th?>
currency at Washington show that
during the year 48 banks were liqui?
dated, which includes consolidations
and failures wiped out $3,635,000
banking capital and four banks re?
duced capital for an additional loss
of $287,600. This was partially offset
by an increase in the capital of 28 ex?
isting Institutions, making the neocv
gain for the year $14,905,600.
The distribution of new banks and
capital by States was as fodows:
New
Stats. No. Capital.
Alabama.21 $468,200
Florida.46 2,503,000
Georgia.54 2.640,000
Kentucky.14 600,000
Louisiana.16 850,000
Mississippi . 8 193.650
North Carolina.. ..25 965,250
South Carolina .. ..46 1.114.000
Tennessee.46 3.440,000
Virginia.27 3,245,000
"The past year, as compared with
1911, showed a decided improvement
in the strength and character of the
banking Institut ons," saj s The South?
ern Banker, "due to Improved bank?
ing laws and more effective supervis?
ion."
During the past year 18 State banks
in the South passed into the national
system without change of capital
stock.
SOON GIVKN DKAT1I PKNALTY.
Negro Arrested Saturday Tried in T\\n
Hours ami Sen tc need to Death.
JWPtlK;?gn>~ t.?'? Omr *,f rhe
quickest trials ever held In Marlon
county, considering the seriousness of
the offense, was concluded this after?
noon when Jim Johnson, a negro, who
criminally assaulted the wife of a
prominent orange grower near Citra.
Fla.. Saturday afternoon, was given
the death penalty, only two hours ana
the minutes had elapsed when the
verdict was rendered. About 20 of the
local militia and four deputy sheriffs
??srori?-d the negro to and from the
court room. Fully 2,000 persons as?
sembled about the court house, but
only the prisoner's guard, rourt offi?
cials, attorneys and MWipipir men
were admitted to the court room dur?
ing the trial.
Official papers will be s? nt to the
governor's office tonight, and it is be?
lieved the execution will take place
next Friday.
fair play. It must aot be left to haz?
ard and guess work.
"Third: Stringent t ules and regula?
tions are required. No man should
participate In the primary to nomi?
nate who is not willing and able to
stand the test of registration to par?
ticipate in the general election.
"The rules should be few, plain and
simple, but they must be ? nacted Into
law in order to compel compliance
with them. Rigid punishment ought
to be provided for any man who Mf<
lOOtf to comply with all conditions
and rules or he ought to lose his vote.
An honest and fairly conducted pri?
mary can and will command the en?
dorsement and support of all rlght
thitiklng white people; a dishonest
one will command the support of no
bod)
We must (ither reform the pri?
mary system hy law or see It die. No
<!.nt man will object or resist the
role of Um majority fairly expressed.
L?t us s.e to It that none hut quali?
fied cltlsens vote ;>t the Democratic
primary, and danger Of troubh- will
disappear. If we do not safeguard
|)m primary system and make it
abort suspi? Ion Rood government in
the state is doomed, wv wont no
in m in the Democratic primary who
votei th< Republican of other nat?
ional ticket in the general election.
"I writs the above believing that I
win nevei isk the people to vote for
mt' in another primaryi because i be
Hove I win be dead before another
Senator to sin c ?ed me Ih elected
Therefor, no charge of ?elfish or per?
sonal motive eon be Justly made
airilnst me taking tin- position 1 do.
it to solely because I know the danger,
having passed through the crisis
once, that 1 make bold to vrlte this
way."
BLOW AI STATE'S RIGHTS.
IVFREME COURT KNOC KS OUT
LIMITED LIABILITY LAWS.
Highest Tribunal Divide* Federal
Stuutes Have Superseded State Kn
uctmonts on Intor-Stnto iTallic.
Washington, Jan. 7.?The power of
the States over railroads and express
companies suffered a hurd blow to?
day when the Supreme Court held
that since the passage of the Car
mack amendment to the Inter-State
Commerce law in 1906 the States had
ceased to have power to annul con?
tracts between railroads and ship?
pers limiting the liability for the loss
of inter-state shipments.
Another serious blow was deliver?
ed when the court held that the States
since the passage of the Inter-State
Commerce acts, and particularly the
Hepburn law in 1906, had no power
to penalize railroads for failure to '
furnish cars for inter-state shipments.
In this connection the court declared
unconstitutional the Minnesota Re?
ciprocal Demurrage law, authorizing
the recovery by shippers of a dollar
a day for every day during which the
railroad failed to furnish a car for
the movement of freight.
The changes thus effected revolu?
tionize the practice in many States.
The court pointed out that previous
to the passage of the Carmack amend?
ment the court had upheld an Iowa
statute, under which a contract limit?
ing the damages in case of loss had
been annulled, and had also approveo
a Pennslyvania case in which it was
contended that the public policy of
the State was opposed to such con?
tracts. '
As a result of the passage of the
Carmack amendment, however, the
court speaking through Justice Lur
ton, held that Congress had mani?
fested its intention to deal with the
subject of carrier's liability for inter
State shipments, and that being the
case the State laws must give way.
Consequently, its decision at once
annulled the Kentucky and Nebras?
ka, law, holding such conlr-iutu void. ,
The court not only annulled State
laws which seek to regulate the lia?
bility, but it held that the Federal
law, as expressed in the Carmack
amendment) dealt with the subject of
railroad shipments, and that it did
not prohibit COntraCtl limiting lia?
bility in return on a lOW rate.
Justice Lurton said it was just as
reasonable to base rates on value as
on the character of shipments. Fur?
thermore, he added, it was not con?
formable to plain principles of jus?
tice that the shipper may Understate
the value of his property for the pur?
pose of reducing the rate and then re?
cover a large value in case of lost.
He laid down the principle that
so long as a railroad or express com?
pany has published its r ites, based on
the valuation of the property, the
transportation company need not in?
quire as to the value. He declared
that the shipper was hound by what
the receipt for the goods showed and
by the schedule of rates hied with the
Inter-State commerce Commission.
As to the Reciprocal Demurrage
law f ?r inter-State commerce, the
court said that the Hepburn Rate law
expressly Axed the duty of carriers
to furnish cars and that preculded the
States from acting further on that
subject.
Tlie contention of the advocates and
Minnesota reciprocal demurrage was
that it placed the shipper on equal
grounds with the railroad in that if
the railroads had the right to demand
demurrage Of shippers when they are
tardy in unloading cars the shipper
should have the same right to collect
demurrage from the railroad when it
is tary in delivering care for the
movement of freight.
OR VNt.liS LOST BY COLD.
I.\ev> Vcrc i?f Oranges ami Lemons
Between Ban Bernardino ami Loe
Ingelcs Frosen.
Los Angeles, Cal.. .hm. 7.?From
Han Hernardlno to Los Angeles every
?ort of oranges and lemons has been
froien. This. w;is the statement that
came tonight from Pomona, centre of
one ol the heaviest producing section!
of the cltrui fruit belt Only a fifth of
the crop may be saved, it was asserted,
if this be true, the total loss on
160,000 acres of fruit will amount
?lose to }40,(l(M),(l(M?.
More conservative estimates, how?
ever, AgUred the loa! damage at
110,000,000, rietween $6,000,000 and
11,000,000 of this sum will be loss to
rallroade In curtailed freight re?
ceipts.
10 PROHIBIT THE PISTOL
PLANS ADOPTED BY THE BTJMTER
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE TO
DO AWAY WITH DEADLY
WEAPON.
Transmitted to President, Heads of
Depuurtmcnts at Washington and
Governors of States and Commercial
Bodies Throughout the United
States. To be Submitted to Peace
Conference by Or. Baker.
Plans to do away with the pistol
adopted at a meeting of the Sumter
Chamber of Commerce several weeks
ago were Thursday morning received
by President Taft, President-elect
W'ilson, heads of all of the depart?
ments of the government at Wash?
ington, governors of all States and
commercial bodies in all of the Unit?
ed States of America.
The pistol has long been known far
and wide as a deadly weapon and it
is to prevent the shedding of blood
that the resolutions have been so
widely advertised and steps taken to |
urge upon the members of congress
their enactment into a law.
The resolutions provide for the pro?
hibition of the manufacture of pis?
tols save by the government and
that it shall be unlawful for any per?
son to have or carry a pistol except
men in the United States army
and navy and certain peace officers
, during their terms of office.
The resolutions do not take up the
harm done by the pistol, taking this
as an admitted fact by the public gen?
erally, but go straight to what is
deemed a remedy for the pistol carry?
ing evil. Ten thousand copies of the
resolution have been printd in circu?
lar form by the Chamber cf, Com?
merce and will be distributed among
I the members of all law making bodies
I In the country. They will also be
[ sent to commercial organizations
throughout the country for them to
adopt, if they see fit to do so, and
for them to urge upon members of
their State General Assembly and
Congress to take up and enact into
1 law. The resolutions were brought
M Vre Ifta -''ingteXsl? harsher of Corn
i merce at a meeting several weeks ago
by I>r. S. C. Baker, president of the
body, and were unanimously adopt
d. Since then it has Keen the wish
i
of the Chamber of Commerce to have
them disaemminated throughout tin
country so that other organisations
having Influence throughout
the country will take them up and act
on them.
Dr. S. C. Baker, president of the
Sumter Chamber of Commerce, left
Tuesday evening for St. Augustine,
Florida, where he will tonight intro?
duce the resolutions at a preliminary
peace conference preparatory to the
Universal Peace Congress to be held
later in the year. Dr. Baker will
telegraph the Sumter Chamber of
Commerce the action of this body a^
soon as it is made known. Wednesday
i >r. Baker Introduced his resolutions
. at the annual meeting of the Jack?
sonville Chamber of Commerce. The
, following telegram was received
Thursday morning in reference to the
! matter:
"Jacksonville, Fla. Jan. S, 1913.
, G. A. Waterman, Secretary Chamber
of Commerce, Sumter, s. c.
Attended the annual meeting and
luncheon of the Jacksonville Hoard of
Trade. It is a fine body of men and
full of enthusiasm. 1 got our pistol
resolution before them and their
; hoard of governors will act upon them
later. 1 g<i to St. Augustine tonight.
(Signed > S. c. Baker."
The resolution! are as follows:
Whereas, It is the province of gov?
ernment to safeguard human life, se?
cure happiness to its people and pro?
mote their prosperity;
Whereas, homicides in certain sec?
tions of our country have assumed
alarming proportions, have been
sources of needless grief and sorrow,
ami are acting as a serious deterrent
to desirable Immigration, to natural
development and t?? material advance?
ment ;
Whereas said homicides have been
brought a>>< ut almost exclusively by
the use of the pistol, an easily I on< cal
ed weapon;
Whereas the pistol is manufactured
for the sole puriH.se of taking human
life or Inflicting serious bodily injury,
thereby destroying human happiness
and jeopardising both moral and mo
terlal advancement;
Whereas besides thousands of pri?
vate Individual! who have met un?
timely deaths through the agency of
the pistol, ihne presidents have been
assassinated and the life of art emi?
nent citizen attempted while he was
a cfl nil >ii 11' for the high office of
president of the United States, these
i three assassinations and the attempt
COLUMBIA ATTORNEY WANTED
ARREST ATTORNEY GENERAL.
Attorney Whom Lyon Asked Disbarr?
ed Fails in A tempt on Prosecu?
tor.
Columbia Record, Jan. 7.
Barnard B. Evans, an attorney of
Columbia and recently a candidate for
attorney general in the primary, yes?
terday afternoon attempted to swear
out a warrant for the arrest of Attor?
ney General Lyon before Magistrate
H. P Buechel of Waverley, making
several allegations. Magistrate Bue?
chel refused to issue the warrant be?
cause no affidavit was attached.
When seen this morning, Magistrate
Buechel said that Barnard B. Evans
met him on the street yesterday af?
ternoon with a warrant against At?
torney General Lyon already filled out
and requested him to sign it. Mr. Bik
chel said that, as there was no affi?
davit attached, he refused to grant
the request. Mr. Buechel stated that
Evans said that he would get the af?
fidavit that all the allegations con?
tained in tne paper presented could
be substantiated by evidence.
Yesterday afternoon, after the
presses of The Record had started,
B. B. Evans came into the office with
a paper in his hand and stating that
it was a warrant for the arrest of At?
torney General Lyon, which had been
issued by Magistrate Buechel.
Yesterday, in the supreme court.
Attorney General Lyon submitted a
petition to that court for the disbar?
ment of Evans, alleging professional
and personal misconduct ill becoming
an attorney.
cited all having been easy of commis?
sion because of the ease of conceal?
ment of the pistol;
Whereas pistols are manufactured
In only a few of the States of this
' union and sent through the regular
channels of commerce on their dead
I ly mission to all parts of the nation;
! Whereas the pistol is extensively
1 and attractively advertised in such
a way as to tend to increase its sale;
( Therefore Be it Resolved:
I Kirst: That the pistol ought to be
abolished and eliminated except so
far as it is necessary for military and
naval uses and for the use of au?
thorized peace officers; and its pos?
session, sale or manufacture other?
wise made offenses punishable by se?
vere penalties;
i Second: That we petition the Sum?
ter members of the legislature of
South Carolina to secure the enact
i ment of such laws as will make it im?
possible to either purchase for sale,
or to sell, or to buy or use or possess
a pistol in tht State of South Carolina
except as hereinabove provided, and
that we petition the Governor of the
state of South Carolina to use every
means at his command, through the
duly constituted officers of this State,
to enforce meanwhile and thereafter
all the laws on the statute books re?
garding the sale and use of the pistol.
Third: That we petition our Sena?
tors and Representatives in the Con?
gress of the United states to invoke
every power of the general govern?
ment to ? nact and enforce such laws
as will effectively prohibit the manu?
facture of pistols, or their sale and
purchase, or their use, by any private
individual In the United States; and
to that end we suggest and urge:
(;i> That the United States Con?
gress enact statutes declaring the
pisti 1 contraband in the hands of pri?
vat?* individuals, firms or corporations.
I and their private manufacturing un
I lawful; that their manufacture be
confined to the arst nals of the army
and the gunshops of the navy of the
United States, and then only for the
cse ?d* military and naval institutions
ami for such peace officers of the gov?
erning nt and of the states and terri?
tories under the government as may
I he entitled to procure, through state
and territorial authorities, pistols for
use by peat e officers and not to be
j owned by them, hut to be owned by
the State or territory procuring them
from the g ner d government; and
that the Importation of a pistol or pis?
tols into the Unlttd States be prohibit
\ cd and prevented.
<b> That the machinery of inter?
state commerce laws be invoked to
assist In eradicating the pistol by
prohibiting intestate shipments of s
pistol or pistols Into any State having
State laws Intended tO prevent such
shipments Into such State.
(c> That by executive order or
otherwise, as may he most expedient,
the mails be prohibited and closed to
any advertisement or correspondence
attempting or intended to result In
the Shipment for sale or otherwise
of any pistol into any state or terrl
GOVERNOR BEEKS TO HELP
PARTY IN NEW JERSEY.
Will Resume Hi> Activities Presi?
dent-elect and Hold Conferences
With Leaders.
Trenton, N. J., Jan. 7.?Gov. Wilson
today gave an example of his system
of political persuasion when he saw
individually nearly all of the Demo?
cratic members of the State legisla?
ture and earnestly urged them to vote
for Edward E. Grcsscup, Democratic
State chairman, fo ate treasurer as
against Edward awards, also a
Democrat an?' jfi *esent comptroller
of the Stat<- ?
The g' ^ c told the legislators
that v ?V .e was a warm personal
frie*- Mr. Edwards, he believed
th -r's banking connections made
.ivisable to elect him State treas
r, a position which controls the
deposits of public funds.
Tomorrow the governor will re?
sume his activities as president-elect,
as he had made a number of engage?
ments with Senators Hoke Smith of
Georgia and Thomas P. Gore of Okla?
homa.
SUPPLIES POWDER TO MEXICO.
United States Furnishes Ammunition
for Mexi<*ans.
New Orleans, Jan. 7.?Approxi?
mately 5,000,000 rounds of ammuni?
tion has been shipped from New Or?
leans to Mexico since the date of the
issuance of the so-called nuetrality
proclamation by President Taft last
spring. Testimony to this effect was
given here today before Senator Wil?
liam Alden Smith, chairman of the
senate committee which is investi?
gating the Mexican situation.
The bulk of this ammunition was
shipped to the Madero government, it
is claimed, with the knowledge of
agents of the State and treasury de?
partments at Washington.
In only a few instances were ship?
ments made to revolutionary factions
opposed to the Madero government.
Several representatives of arms
cotnpatdes were before- th>^ :M)mmftteo
today and were forced to produce
original orders, copies of invoices,
names of purchasers, names of con?
signees, etc.
Senator Smith questioned the wit?
nesses closely in an effort to ascer?
tain whether the money for these war
supplies was furnished by American
capitalists.
After the conclusion of the testi?
mony, which was given behind closed
do<?rs. Senator Smith declined to com?
ment tm it in detail but remarked:
"We have struck a warm trail here
and the testimony taken does not
tend to support the declaration of
neutrality by this government?as a
matter of fact, it appears that the
Madero faction in Mexico has been
permitted to get unlimited quantities
of arms an*l ammunition while his
Opponents have been forced to com?
ply with the president's proclama?
tion."
WESLEY EDWARDS* GIRL WEDS.
Convict's Former Eian? oo Takes An?
other Man as Husband.
Richmond Va.?Twenty years was
too long for Mi.-s Maud Iroler, the
Fiancee of Wesley Edwards to wait
for him to serve his sentenc for par?
ticipation in the Eilllsville court room
tragedy. < >n Thursday night, ac?
cording to a report from Dobson. N.
<\. she was married to Kenneth Marsh,
of White Plains, N. C, the marriage
being solemnised at the home of John
F. Nance.
Miss holer came into prominence
when detectives followed her to Des
Meines, la., whither she went to join
Edwards, who \sas then a fugitive
from justice. The girl unwittingly
led the detectives to where Sidna Al?
len ami Edwards both were and they
were arrested.
They later pleaded guilty to indict?
ments and reo t d 35 and -7 years'
sentences.
tory having laws Intended to prevent
and do away with the pistol traffic.
Fourth Thai < pits t these pre?
ambles ami resolutions be distributed
to the offices ol the hoards of trade,
chambers ?>t commerce and like or?
ganisations throughout the United
statt s. and that their SSSiStanci be in?
voked in sec taring In all States and
territories laws such as are hereby
urged on the legislature of the state
of South Carolina, and also in secur?
ing the enactment of such federal
statutes and regulations as an herein
sugg I to the executive and legis?
iativs m hes ol the United States
go vet' Mt.

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