Newspaper Page Text
DOES ELECfROGUTION KILL?
s( II N risls s\\ |T <?\IA sTl'NS
l < I I <iriH ijt,?tii ( ?|m r i; Ion Kr-.jn.n
nihto for Ihr Death of I lm-. \\ 11.*
(io to rile* trie i hair.
Anderson intens? u ?
Atlanta. Oa- I?id Samuel N. Hyde,
noted wlf?- murderer of Anderson
county, die from the operation con- j
ducted st an Atlanta medical school
where his body was sent after the
electrocution in Columbia? In the
opinion of a noted scientific man, '
temporarily residing here, electrocu?
tion does not kill but only renders
the victim unconscious and that the
real death comes after the body goes
upon the operating table.
Walking In the neighborhood of the
hospital at the college today this
scientist. In conversation with a repre?
sentative of The Intelligencer, asked
the question and then proceeded to
"Does electrocution really kill? Or
does It only render unconscious?the
patient dying, m point of fact, upon
the operating table during the autop?
"There are able physicians who
?^ontenC that such Is the case," con?
tuse* the scientist. Again others
say that It Is not. Inasmuch as a
human life is In the balance, this Is a
point worth considering?a question
of some Importance from the ethical
no less than the scientific point of
"America Is the only country in the
world In which electrocution '*? the
form of cspltal punishment employ?
ed. There are many who do not be?
lieve In capital punishment at all;
but that is not the place to argue
that point. Assuming that death has
to be meted out to the prisoner,
what fs the safest, the speediest and
the most humane way of doing so?
Is it electrocution?
"The preliminaries must be trying
to the strongest nerves! Blindfolded,
strapped into a chair, having the
adjustments made to the head, feet,
etc.? there is nothing heroic or stir?
ring in this, nothing that suggests
anything beyond the dog whipped to
Its kennel, and breathing Its last
alone, uncared for, destitute! It Is
a miserable climax to a life which
might have been full of promise and
The . hair itself Is a forbidding
looking thing*, at best, and suggests
the torture chair of the Spanish In?
quisition. I once saw a chair of this
latter description, in which the un?
fortunate prisoners were strapped
and tortured; and it assuredly look?
ed no more ominous than the chair
of electrocution. Then the death
cell, caged in. as though some wild
beast were within, presents a rurious
parados. In our modern civilization
and culture. In front of each of
these death cells (there are quite a
row of them In sing Sing) while
blinds are drawn, no that when a
prisoner is led ?? tue. n the Urn- of
cells, their inmates eannot s... who
It is thUft led to his fate.
"The prisoner once in the death
chamber the processes of strapping j
t on. mere -s. .,nd in i few moments
the prisoner is secu e beyond all ef?
forts to rt lease h mself. He is
blindfolded, and the service for the
dead is read aloud. A physician
stands In attendance, the electrician '
Is at the tartans waiting for the slg
gas to throw it In and lot forth the j
death-dealing current. The signal is (
given: the lever Is thrown home and j
this Is what follows, m the words al
" There i? n ?t much to sec Those
wh.? would witness a killing by el < -
Irtelty from morbid curiosity safety
Would be disappointed. A deep
whirring sound shoots Into the ait,
nod for a moment reminds yog of
the humming of a giant top. The
face of th?* victim Is hidden nearly
Complete^ I y the h' a ItfeaT Ua< bed
to the chair, so that the muscul ir
?/rithing kj kept from IhS view to a
mrg* exten? Only the mouth can
be seen cloarly, nnd MM distortion Is
enough to make \.ai fee| glad tin
Whole face Is not exposed As tl I
currents shoots Into the body, the OSF
ture straightens our with I bound, and
son st algbt. ns out with a bound, an I
straps are a boat to burst The
"train upon them It Intense. The
fearful \o|taKe shot with lightning
rapidly into the body, and ttrsul '
Ing throuuh every \e'n. ggejttg Ifcf
body tjtjfftf and \lb:ate *o quickly
that the movement is scajeely visible.
The current is then lowttsd and the
tenfllon i- liken off the hidy; but
again UM ? urr? nt || m ro d on and
again the body sfr?t h?s and bounds,
pressing hard against ine straps
Finally the |gvgf is twang buk
again and what w..s . n , u nun falls
limp nnd llfeles hioldb d In a heap
In the bottom of the neengiog ' hair.
U i? tbU midd- nn* ss of death lb it
impress**; this realMatMa Ihs! ?
moment he for, there stood before
You a bn ,?n r.?- bo??> ?? being, whib
now before you lies a Hf IMS1 Corpse
The prlsonef had fahrst1 Um gfaal
Ali this might not be so bad if the
electrocution ready achieved the ob
Ijael sought. Bat doei it? i>r.
George r. Bhardy, kale coroner of
Manhattan, thlnki that it does not,
and in I btter written some tlrue
ago be nald:
"The;,, aeemi lo bo a groat dlf
ference of opinion among eminent
physicians and scientists us to
whether the death of Iho criminal
in actually pronounced by the electric
outran! <?r by the doctors who per*
form the autopsy. It has even been
hinted that the autopsy clause in?
troduced In Iho law was added for
the purpose of making certain of the
death of the criminal.
"Prof, d'Araonvali of iho French
Academy of Science. gOSl so far as
to contend that the electric current
merely produces suspend, d anima?
tion, and that the victim may be
restored to consciousness and life by
artificial respiration. Prof, d'Arson
val believes that the electric shock
does not kin, and considers electro
cution object lo nable and of ques
Uonable effect "
"My father," continues Dr, Bhardy,
"was one of the medical expert! se?
lected to witness the first electrocu?
tion in NOW York Slat*?that of
William Kemmler. Re unhesitating?
ly characterized it as 'the most bru?
tal and resolting exhibition he had
ever seen, and sserosd Inclined t<?
helleve that the old method of exe?
cuting murderers hy hanging was,
SftSf all, the most humane. Kem?
mler was suhjeeted to two contacts
of the electric current, lusting 17
seconds and 7'? seconds respectively.
After the first contact the victim was
pronounced dead hy one or two of
the physicians present, when my
father called their attention to the
fact that the man was still breathing
as a movement of the button on his
snaf plainly indicated. A few sec?
onds later Kemmler gave unmistak?
able signs of life, much to the con?
sternation and horror of those pres?
ent. The current was quickly turn?
ed on again, and continued until a
little column of smoke, accompanied
by a sickening odor of burning flesh,
ascended from the body of the crim?
inal to the ceiling of the execution
chamehr and passed out of a window
opening to the external air. Kem
mer's execution was afterward pro
nounced 'a successful experiment' by
the majority of those present "
Dr. Shardy is of the opinion that
artificial respiration will, In a large
number of cases, have thi effect of
restoring the patient to life, an 1
contends that this is based on "exact
scientific principles." Dr. W. Q.
TaylOT gives u case in which the
SObaJaot Wai completely revised, and
48 minutes after the SlOCtrOCUtlon
"his pulse was full an? s igor
oui" The unfortunate man was
again placed in the chair, hOWSVer,
and another contact of 40 seconds
was made. As 1 >r. Taylor says: ' It
is certain!), i grase question whether
the post-mortem examinations should
not aHrays bo delayed until tfie mat?
ter of death he indisputably set?
l ?r. Gibbons gives a case in which
life returned after the electrocution
\\ is performed, another physician
quotes |W? cases. Still another says:
?'i am thoroughly convinced that
many of tbo men ss ho have been
pronoun* cd electrocuted In New
York State haVS be en placed upon
tin- dissecting table conscloutf of |
what was going on and wh.;t WU1
kboUt to take place "
This hardly seams like capital
punishment; it is mote like human
vivisec tion?yes, torture in its most
i ? lined form. Is this the I.est form
of c apital punishment s> c can de?
It is true that otlo r physicians do
not share the views just sxpressed.
I?'.\r.-onsid s "facta4 arc now Ques?
tioned?? sen shown lo be probably
untrue. In the executions, as car?
ried out today, there li no bungling*
no burning of flash, no tearing <'f
?traps, consciousness is doubtless
obliterated at < nee eve n though li*??
may not be No sense of pain can
be fell by the body when tin- current
is turned ??n. it has boon proved
that it takes about a fifth of a sec?
ond f"r the hrain to appreciate a
sensntloni and one twenty-eighth of
a second to telegraph that Impres?
sion; ?nd as nerve force travels only
about i"i. fe.t a second, while the
velocity ?f electricity is minions of
times greater than this, the brain
has doubtless na Ilms In which lo
appreciate the sense of pain.
Again, Dr, R. T. Irving ,ln writing
on ths subject, says:
"I have lee r? present und seen 61
persona put to death In thi* Htate
(Nen York I and there Is no doubt in
my mind whatsoever but th.it all
those men were absolutely killed by
the electric shock and thai death Is
Instantaneous, The ehangei pro?
duced by the elec tric shot k are such
thai resuscltatloni In my opinion, Is
absolutely Impossible. Tht amount
of fresh 11.1 found In tb ? ? rani um
in all the se f. 1 ? as? s I haVS . en In
it*. If would preclude any possibility
I of saving :> man. Then you h IVO
the patec hlal hemmorrhagei in the
[brain tlntuei They chango certain
nerve cells in the brain. There la
also a chance In the structure ?d* the
..ii after the electrical shock. Any |
on?- of those in my opinion. would
prove fatal, but when you have them
i In each case, as I have noticed In
autopsies, death Is unquestionable,"
Thus, opinions differ, the weight]
of authority being seemingly on the |
sab- of those who say that, if eh e- j
trocutlon is properly performed, the
patient will not recover. But, as op?
posed to this, there are undoubted
CSS4 s on recor 1 in which a person j
has received even a greater voltage j
that that usually administered, and
for a longer period of time, and yet '
J recovered. As an example <>f this 1 |
need only cite the famous case of j
John Branda, who received a cur?
rent of 2,400 volts for nearly 15 I
minutes, yet lived to tell the tale.
He was of course, completely un
conscloui during all this time. Un?
til such cases are disposed of the
question is certainly an open one,
and i? not settled, as many seem to
think. So we may ask again: Does
elect rocutlon kill ?
A (.ill s Midnight Hide.
To warn people of a fearful forest
fire in the CatSkllll a young girl roth
horse bark at midnight and saved
many lives. Her deed was glorious
but lives tire often saved by Dr. :
King's Xew Discovery in curing lung
troub e. coughs and colds, which
might have ended in consumption or
pneumonia. '"It cured me Of a dread
ful Cough and lung disease," writes
YV. li. Patterson, Wellington, Tex.,
"after four in our family had died
with consumption, nnd 1 gained ^7
pounds." Nothing so sure and safe
for all throat and lung troubles Price
50c and $1.00. Trial bottle free.
Guaranteed by Sibert's Drug Store.?
The Kansas City clergyman who de?
clared that he would rather drink red
ink than beer, has gone beyond the
pale of total abstinence. If it comes
to it, he should beware of red ink, for
,f will put him out of business quick?
er than slow beer.?Wilmington Star.
BcM Cough Medicine for Children.
"I am very glad to say a few words
in praise of Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy," writes Mrs. LI da Dewey,
Milwaukee, Wls. "I have ust 6 it for
yean both for my children and myself
and It never falls to relieve and cure
a cough or cold. No family with
children should be without it as it
cives almost immediate relief in
cases of croup." Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy ll pleasant end safo to take,
which is of great importance when a
medicine must he given to young chil?
dren, for sale by all dealers.?Advt.
Dr. ('. A. Epps who has been man?
ager of the Watson Drug Co., here
for two years, has accepted a position
with DeLorme'l Pharmacy at Slim?
ier. He will not take up his new
duties until Dr. Watson has secured
a good man to succeed him. Dr.
Bppi while here has made friends of
everybody In the town and commu?
nity and it is with genuine regret
tin- people of Lamar see him move to
Bumter.- Lamar correspondence to
Darlington News and Press.
*W. K. Fox, 195 w. Washington
St., NoblesvlllSi Ind., says: "After suf?
fering many months with kidney trou?
ble, after trying other remedies and
prescriptions, 1 purchased a box of
Foley Kidtn y Pills which not only d d
me more good than any other reme?
dies i ever used, but have positively
set my kidneys right. Other members
of my family have used them with
similar results." Take at the first
sign of kidney trouble." Blbert'l Drug
Marriage License Record.
Marriage li' ensea were Issued
Thu iday to two negro couples, Henry
I M*rkson and Leolla Wr ght, Clare
mont, and James Guess and Mary
Marian Wright, Bumter, R. F. D.
'Take the "direct road'' to health
and strength by using Foley Kidney
Pills for backache, rheumatism, weak,
sore kidneys and bladder irregulari?
ties. Bach Ingredient is chosen for
its positive healing and curative qual?
ities Foley Kidney PUli are the best
medicine you can buy for kidney and
bladder troubles. Mrs. .j. m, Flndley,
Lyons, Qa? say si "1 look Foley
Kidney Pills and they sntlrely cured
me." Blbert'S Drug Store. ? Advt.
The annual Inspection of the Bum?
ter Light Infantry, (Co. L 2nd Infan?
try ) will be held on March i 1th
?A mean stuffs cold, with hoarse
wheesy breahlng is just tin- kind that
runs Into bronchitis or pni umonia.
Don't trifle with such serious condi?
tions but take Foley'a Honey and Tar
Compound promptly. Quick and
beneficial results are ju<t what you
ein expect from this great medicine,
it soothes and heala the Inflamed air
' passages, it stops the hoarse rack
ling cough. Slbert'a Drug Btore.?
The bunny hue, seems to be disturb?
ing Washington's social circles but
political circles are only interested in
embarking opportunities for getting
t in em of i to- noxl I ?? inocratlc Pr< si -
j dent W llmlngton star.
gl.041 Per Plate
a i paid at a banquet 11? Henr> Clay,
ii New Orleans In 1842 Mighty
<<? My for those with stomach trouble
or- m || -. -11< n Tod ly i.pie every
whi te ?r e i ?r King's New Life Pills
for these lr< ubh as well as liver, kid?
ney and bowel dlsnrdei Kasy, sate,
sure. Only 26< at Blbert'i Drug Bton
; OYSTERS fCRTIUZ ; I
PKIMM. FRUIT TREES.
Clcmson College Extension Work?
South Carolina Experiment station '
?Pr<>ss Bulletin No. 100.
Pruning is a necessity where hest i
results are lo be expected from fruit
tle,s. A tree eau ho given all the
attention possible relative to cultiva?
tion and fertiliser, but unless it is ju?
diciously pruned the branches will be?
come thick, weaken and die. These
become the harboring places for in?
sects and fungous diseases which
prey upon the tree and fruit. Even
if the branches do not die they be?
come so thick that the fruit is infer?
ior in else, color and quality. Well
pruned, low headed trees, having the
bearing wood well distributed ,and be?
ing stout and stocky, are able to bear
ami hold up heavy crops of fruit.
They also facilitate spraying, thinning '
and harvesting. They are also by far
more ornamental in appearance than
the awkward, long limbed unpruned
trees. Pruning is" necessary, there?
fore, where the best trees and first
? lass fruit are desired.
To get the most satisfactory results
pruning should be done every year. J
By annually heading back and thin?
ning out the small branches during
the early life of the tree and re?
moving a dead branch here and a
stray limb there, in after years, the
tree can be kept in good, healthy
fruiting condition, and it will never be
necessary to cut out large limbs or
unbalance tin tree by very heavy
pruning. Pruning should consist more
in directing the growth each year than
by checking it by one heavy pruning
which is to make up for years of neg?
lect. If a tree is properly directed
and shaped when young it will never
be necessary to cut out many branch?
es or large limbs In later years.
Pruning should commence when
the tree is planted. When the tree
is planted cut back the dead and
broken roots to good living wood,
leave a ckan smooth cut. The young
tr^e should be pruned bat k to the
height the head of the tree is to be
formed, which height should be con?
sistent with the methods of cultiva?
tion. I would saugest 10 to IS inch?
es for the peach and 24 to 30 inches
for the apple and pear. If the young
tree Is whip-like the side buds may
be allowed to form leavei the first sea?
son tO cause it to become stout and
stocky. if it |G stocky enough, all
the buds may be kept rubbed off as
they start except those intended to
form the main branches of the tree,
it is a common fault to start a young
tree with too many main branches
which afterwards crowd each ot.h^r
to such an extent that it becomes
necessary to cut out lai gc limbs.
Three or four main limbs, if properlv
placed arc enough for any fruit tree.
The main limbs should be well ar?
ranged around the tree and at slight?
ly dlffrent heights on the main axis.
After the lirst season's growth all
branches except those just mention?
ed, should be cut away and these
should be healed back about half.
The annual pruning afterwards will
consist largely in heading back the
previous season's growth and k??? ?.?
Ing the head thinned out. On the
upright growing trees, as the Kleffer
pear, prune to a bud point outward
so as to cause the hi ad to spread.
When the tree begins to bear full
crops of fruit, it will not bear a sur?
plus amount of wood, hence very lit?
tle pruning will be necessary except
In the case of the p< ach tree, which
should be thinned ->at and headed
hack even after it Is bearing full
crops of fruit. Pruning Is best done
when the trees are dormant, prefer?
ably in the spring just u fore the
it sometimes becomes neceaaary to
renovate old trees which have become
choked with water sprouts and dead
limits. The reclaiming process should
take two or three years, depending up?
on the condition of the tree. The first
year most of the water sprouts, all
of the dead limbs, ami a few of the
worst offending branches should he
removed. The second year more of
the unnecessaty limbs may be taken
out. The third year the operation
may be completed. In removing large
limbs, as well as in cutting smaller
branches, always make a smooth close
cut so that no stubs are left. It is Im?
possible for a wound to heal where a
stub is left. The stub did and rots
out, leaving a hole, which condition
will eventually cause decay of the
heart of the tree. The large wound
should be given a coating of some or?
dinary paint. This excludes the rain
and preserves the wood until the
wound is entirely healed.
The best pruning tools are a sharp
saw, the narrow type, and sharp
hand shears. A sharp knife can some?
times be used to advantage. There
are scores of different types of prun?
ing tools, but the ones just mention?
ed will be found most convenient for
all purposes liemember the axe
never a pruning tool.
O. If. Clark,
A Hero in a Lighthouse.
For years j. s. Donahue, So. Haven,
Mich., a civil war captain, as a light?
house keeper, averted awful wrecks.
but a queer fact is, he might have
I been a wreck himself, it Klectric Bit?
ters had not prevented. "They cured
me of kidney trouble and chills," he
writes, "after J had taken other so
called cures for years, without bene?
fit and they also improved my sight.
Now ,at seventy. I am feeling fine."
For dyspepsia, indigestion, all stom?
ach, liver and kidney troubles, they're
without equal. Try them. Only 50c
at Blbert's Drug store.?/ vt.
His Btomarti Tronbtea <>\cr.
Mr. Dyspeptic, would you not like
to feel that your stomach troubles
were over, that you could eat any kind
of food ><u desired without injuiy
That may sei m so unlikely to you
that you do not . iren hope for an
i ndirc < f y< .ir trouble, but permit us
to BS' ??? you that it is not altogether
Impossible. If others can be cured
pern mently, and thousands have
heen. why not you? John K. Barker,
of Battle Creek, Mich., Is one of them.
He says, "I was troubled With heart?
burn. Indigestion, and liver complaint
until l used Chamberlain's Tablets,
then my iroubl?- was over." Sold by
all d? alera?Advt
Mr a. [* Watklns of Lock now a
few days ago butchered four bogs
that weighed fiK>, (ft, 4 50, Uft, and
has two others yet to kill that will
net him about 4 50 each. Beat this if
you can. Mr. Watklns lives on a small
farm, but strives to make just a lit?
tle m- re home supplie s than he needs.
? at the High C ost of Living.
?W. H. Chapman. Winnebago,
Xeb.. tells how he did it. "My two
children had a very bad cough and
the eb -tor's medic ines did them no
good. 1 got a bottle of Foley's Hon?
ey and Tar Compound, and before It
was all used the children were free
and c ired of their cough. I saved a
doctor's bill for one 25c bottle of Fo?
ley's Honey and Tar Compound." No
opiates. Sibert's Drug Store.?Advt.
Mr. F C. Manning representing the
Sumter Telephone Manufacturing
Co., paid us a pleasant call last Sat?
urday He came over to interest.some
of Bishopville's capital in the new
company they are organizing in Sum?
ter for the enlargement of the manu?
facture of magnetos- which the Tele?
phone Manufacturing Company has
been i >anufacturing for some time
and tin demand for them has become
so gre;:* they can't fill the orders. It
i has be i n proven to be the best mag
i neto or. the markets and is bound to
J be a paying investment.?Bishopville
Some Iii;; Hogs.
95 Bushels tothcAcre
THE 100* CROP PRODUCER
OFF!< E CF
SUPERINTENDZN OF EDUCATION
V.'ILLIA... ; ;v(. COUNTY
j. G. l?cCULL0t'< I, So; erlana?n|
Planters Fertilizer tv. Phosj! ate Co.,
Vour one-half ton of Plentere Soluble Gvano
has been awarded Master Marren McCullotigii for making
the largest yield on o ie gcn\ Ninety-five Bushels of
Corn. Tho report off ime i i- Is .; a to the County
Record for publication.
Very trul y ,
(Signed ' . McCUlLOUGII,
_ i ?: tpt. of Education.
Ask our Agents for hran i arifc i lirect f c ii for?
mation and prices. See tu. --ur trade- irk is on each
hag?it'll your protection aga ? iuferior I rai ils.
Planters Fertilizer & Phosphate Co.
Charleston, South Carolina
We use only Um beet C. PhospfaU ? Pisa Scrap. Blood, Tank*,*
German Pcuuh, etc. ? *??????>?,
Our Greatest Bargain Offer
Reading Supply for Whole Year
M MI-W I l kl.Y WATCHMAN WO SOtTH RON.
1HHLTRY III'SR VNDHY.^
I \I!M IMll.SS.
FARM AM> TIKI sun. (The ..?>nnl Fumi IM|M?r)
This remarkable subscription offer may bo withdrawn al any time, therefore do n< delay, but
forward your order t<> The Watchman and Southron at once. Beeide? getting the w uchman and
Bouthron twice a week for twelve months, you ndll receive sixty-two numbers o lh< i her publica?
tions a full year's subscription *'n each,
? ?hi pubscriberi may renew und get this great combination offer.
Watchman ami Southron, Smut* r, S. C.
Enclosed find $2.00 for which please enter my order for the Semi-win kl\
Watchman and Southron and the above four Magazines, all for a period of 1 year,
Name. R. F. D.P. O.