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TIIK M Mil K W \T( lhl l\, KMnhllHlHil Am II 1850.
Consolidated au>?. 3,1881.
'Bo Jitst ami IVar not?I.et all the en?H Thou Alms'! ai he liiy Country's, Thy (,od's and Tru?i's."
TIIE TRUE BOCTBRON, Established Juu<,
SUMTER, 3. (J., SATURDAY, JANUARY 18, 1013.
Vol. XXXV. No. 42.
10 RESUME BALKAN WAR.
B\<U> TO 1H.HUM. WITHIN \
Letter frYom I'??wen? to Turkey Will
Not Avail, Believe the Allies. l*laii?
London? Jan. 14.?Unless unfore
aeen events should change the current
of affairs, the war In the Near East
will be reeumed within a week, ami (
Europe will wltneaa the sorrows of a j
winter campaign. The allies have ,
firmly made up their minds to take
up arme a second time. The Turks |
last week were threatening to leave
London and let matters take whatever
course they might. Now the Balkan
delegates are convinced the Turks
are merely drifting without a fixed
policy, and they ha\ e decided to end
the eeemlngly fruitless debates and
wir? pulling and begin the battles
anew where they left off more than a
The Ottoman government failed to i
convene the grand council today and
apparently has no Intention of meet?
ing the allies' ultimatum concerning
Adrianople The allies do not believe
la the efficacy of the note which the
powere will present at Constantinople,
because It is couched In too mild
terme and simply advisee Turkey to
submit to the fate of war and aban?
don Adrianople. for fear of ether com?
plications, when Turkey could ob?
tain ao moral or financial support in
The Turks know that this means
nothing, because It la aware that the
powers will be unable to agree on any
coercive measures. Thus the presen?
tation by the powers of the note, it is
pointed out. might mean simply the
opening of a new chapter in the al?
ready wearisome diplomatic parley?
ing* and in the shifting of the discus
The Balkan kingdoms, moreover,
am anxious to obtain relief from the
be.try burdens of keeping their armies
en a war tooting Indefinitely. Wish?
ing, however, to observe all the dlp
lmu?e. UOU*t-rfrfVil/ I h*v? give a Out
*t##fen a r%&HfltflM"fltne io agree oVj
the %ot?. frame If and present It to !
Tn*k?v. Hut this i ?Ke done, it Is said. 1
Task at'* ae tn probable, fails to yield. .
Hew isfe determined to act. Their gov?
ernments have agreed to call another
sitting of the conference, through ttl
Edward Orey or Helchad Pasha. who.
nacordlng to the rotation followed,
would be the next presiding otflce .
They will then simply announce their
decision definitely to break the nego?
tiations and also than!' England for
the hospitality extended and the con?
dition* of fair play under which the
discussion took place.
Immediately afterward Sofia. Bel?
grade and Cettlnje will denounce the
armistice and the Servians. Kulgarians
and Montenegrin commanders will
notify the Turkish heud<,uarter* that
hostilities will be resumed In bourn
The sides say It is easy to predict
the course <.f rv. nts. After they have
stormed Tchatalja Turkey will be
ready to cede Adrianople, Just as af?
ter the Italians landed In Tripoli, she
offered to make concessions which
previously she bad strenuously re?
fused, and as after the victories of
th* allies she conceded to grant re?
forms they had vainly asked for 31
After their second resort to nffJsti
the II?Ik,in delegates nsxerl the'.r
peace tetm? alll be different fr.au
those Turkey Is now rejecting. They
declare that Bulgaria will not be sat
Infied with a frontier line from Ito
ilosto to Midi?, but will draft II just
before the gates of ?'on-tantlnoppj
and they miggest a war bit innity of
|-.M>.n.M?,<oo? ,.r more.
M. Novakovltch of Scrvla said to?
I Know well the ' Mbonan men?
tality, having lived In (on*tant Inople
as minist? r for s?-\?-'al >?ats. Turkish
fatalism mak? s tbetn cling to hope
when other reasoning beings would
understand that all *a* lost, our
45.00* Servian*. i.?*|.glng Adrianople
on the west and nooth subM\ are
. lone to the low n ?h I* tl.ant the
windows in the h??us< - and observe
the people moving Tb? \ will be abb?
at a mono n? * no?.< ? to pour In tor?
rents of tire The Bulgarians, an tfce
? ?tb?T s?de. can d?? the sane "
Th?- dln'ooiats i ??iivnb-r Hie out?
look fat T?rk? v as of th. gloom lent,
Kiamii angha'i re Ign i Ion is grand
visier snaj be ib? aext developmenti
That won.hi he Ilk* l> la be followed
by snarcby Th. < ?unti . ilr< oly |s
hard preyed for n?one> and the eon
ditlons and spirit of the arm]
matters of i*Mfct?
Mi H I c'unnlngbai-. Ol BtSfcnfV
vllle was in town W. die-day .
ALLIES DESIRE WAR.
WiMl WORLD r<> KNOW THEIR
POUCT is EXCHANGED,
Point Out Tliut They lln\e Already
Cone Through Agonies of Blood
Without Fultering ami Will Surely
Not Sink. Down Now The Goal Is
London, Jan. 1",.?The Balkan
kingdoms hava not weakened in their
determination to reopen the war un
pan Turkey accepts their terms quick?
ly. In deference to the powers they
may withhold the execution of their
resolve a few days longer than seem?
ed likely yesterday.
They wish the world to know that
their policy Is unchanged. As allies
they inaugurated the doctrine of "the
Balkans for the Balkan peoples," at a
time when it appeared almost pre?
sumptuous folly to the great nations
of England, and they declare now that
they propose to maintain the right
which their united armies won to be
considered a great Independent na- !
tlon and manage their own diplomacy j
according to their view of what their |
national interest demand. They as?
sert that their diplomatic course is a
straightforward and frank one, and,
while willing to concede a brief period
at delay for Turkey's answer, it is not
with a view of resuming negotiations
on a modified basis.
When on December 23 they pre?
sented their terms, the Turks, in their
characteristic w??y, thought the allies
were bluffing and. In turn, presented
on December 28 counter proposals
which failed to take into account the
war, and sought to reestablish the sit?
uation as it was before hostilities.
These counterproposals the allies re?
jected as "unacceptable and undis
Since then the Dalkan states have
not changed their terms one lota,
while the Turks have receded all along
the line except on the question of Ad?
rianople and the Aegean Islands. The
allies have adopted an attitude of
stern firmness to convince Turkey
that no alternative is possible for the
pNhilWl rrfrftfrrWtf^ accept*
snce of their original conditions, but
in so doing they have not wished to
hurt the susceptibilities of the pow?
ers or alienate their sympathy. They
give this as a reason for their decis?
ion to await patiently the result of
the rude of the powers at Constanti?
nople, which may take any of the
Ihres following form
First: Turkey refusing flatly to fol?
low the advice of Europe.
ieooad: Turkey giving an Incon?
clusive answer with the uhjeet of fur?
ther postponing a decision, and
Third: Turkey asking for a con?
tinuation of Um peace negotiations
here on a new proposal, which might
provide lot the preservation of Ad
rlanop't bat Ihe dismantling of Its
fortifications and a pledge undc
guarantee of th** powers not to at?
tempt any work in the future on the
fortifications of the town.
should Turkey refuse \>, follow the
advice of the powers or give an eva?
sive answer, the allies will carry out
then p| in already announced and ask
for the convocation of the conference
a4 w i loh they win officially break off
Then will come denunciation Of the
armistice. If Turkey offers a new
proposal, the Bulgarian delegation*
having precise expectations, will in?
sist upon Its claim for Adrianople but
will refer the matter to Sofla for con?
The Qreoki Borrlag and Montene?
grin delegations have notified Dr.
On.off that Bulgaria will have their
full support in whatever course it de?
tides to follow.
\? a meeting today the ambassa?
dors discussed the situation without
pparently coming to any further con?
Tin y consider, d particularly Ihe
question of ths Aegesu Islands^ lh< AI?
banlan frontiers and ihs Ottoman
publs u< bt, hui In n general manner
and without an., attempt to approach
TO I .VSHKATIIF CT \Wv
Roumanls Reported lo Re Read) In
London. Jan. IS, A Lloyds dis?
patch from Molina, Rouman'a, reports
tiui' orders have been Issued to pre?
pare for mobil!* ?tlon
vi ithlMI WARSHIP MAM H icun
IHisww Through Dardanelles and Cur
un Her Work of Ruin \mong
It tie IIS, Jan 1 :. The Turkish
. i Medjldteh during I heavy fog
last n ghi teamed out of the Darda?
<<>l NC II, THINKS HE SHOI LD
?1 PERVISE WORK OF HEALTH
Council Honn Hoard of Health on
-Matter of Election of Health Oili
onv and flsstslsnt Ministerial As?
sociation Kocom mends Persons for
City Council met with the Hoard of
Health Wednesday night to confer
with members on the recent action
taken by the board in electing a
health officer and appointing an as?
sistant health officer. Other matters
of lesser importance were also taken
up and passed on at the meeting.
Dr. H. A. Mood and Geo. D. Levy
of the Hoard of Health stated that
their board had recently elected Dr.
H. A. Mood to be Health Officer at 'i
salary of $50 per month, and had I
given him authority to employ an as- '
sistant at $75 per month, which as?
sistant should be under the daily di?
rection of Dr. Mood. They explained
the difficulties in the way of intelli- j
gent enforcement of sanitary rules,
and the need of an officer having
technical knowledge of diseases, and
the methods of combatting them scien?
tifically. The present arrangement,
they said, had promise of great im?
provement and asked the sanction of
Council for the additional $35 per
month involved in the change. Af?
ter Dr. Mood and Mr. Levy had with?
drawn the meeting Council discussed
their request, with approval of the
purpose of the Hoard of Health to Im?
prove the service. They also consid?
ered the matter from the standpoint
of economy, and in its relation to the
new plan of city government with a
general manager. They therefore de?
cided to request the Board of Health
to permit the City Manager to have
supervision of the health officer, in
lieu of their proposed plan as he haa
of all other departments, and report
delinquencies of the health officer and
all other matters of their department
to the Board of Health. This Coun?
cil thought would prove satisfactory,
and m harmony with" the plan and
purpose of commission government.
Mr. J. It. Sumter, Chief of Police,
asked to be provided with a bicycle
and his request was referred to Mr.
The Clerk presented a list of per?
sons which had been presented by the
Ministerial Association with the re?
quest that they be approved as s
Charity Committee for distribution of
the Tourney fund, together with mon?
ies contributed by Sunday schools
fraternal organisations and others.
The list was approved as follows:
Ward 1, H. C. Haynsworth, S. H. Ed?
munds; Ward I, W. S. Jones, W. B.
Boyle; Ward 8, D, P. Kelly, Alex
Droughton; Ward t Bartow Walsh
Geo. Hutchinson. Council was of the
opinion that a smaller committee
would prove more effective.
CARRIES VOTE TO CAPITAL.
l it/ William WoodrOW, Columbia Boy.
Acts as Messenger for New Jersey
Washington, Jan. 15.?Acting as
messenger for the presidential elect?
ors of New Jersey, Fits William Mc
M ester W.I row of Columbia deliv?
ered to the senate their returns on the
election of president and vice presi?
dent of the United States. Mr, Wood
row is a student at Princeton univer?
sity and a cousin of President-elect
The weather for this week has been
all that could be desired by even the
mos? pessimistic. Bad weather can?
not last all the time, especially in
todies and passed unpercelved through
fin- lines of the (Steck destroyers,
cruising off the straits At noon to?
day she sppeared off the island of
Syra, one of the Cyclades, and bom?
barded the powder magazine and coal
depots, Tie so were not damaged, but
the electrical power station was
w i ecked,
Tie- Medjidieh also died on the
Greek auxiliary cruised Macedonia,
u hi' h w is undergoing repairs In Byro
harbor. When lu shelli had been
fired, Ihe commander of the Mac?
edonia, after landing his crew, Bank
Ihe Macedonia, In the harbor to
prevent her destruction by the war?
'I be Medjidieh tii, n left In the dl
rcctlon of Smyrna, The Greek Meet
has been ordered to Intercept her, So
fir as |s Known the Other Turkish
w irshlps have not left the Darda?
BLE?SE ATTACKS TILLMAN.
SPECIAL MESSAGE CONTAINING
Mend of Senntor Tlllman Gives No
tine That He Would Aak that State?
ment of TUlmnn be Printed in Jour?
Columbia, Jan. 16.?A vitriolic at?
tack on Senator Tillman and the press
was made in a message received from
the Governor today. Senator Nich?
olson, of Edgetield, gave notice that
he would ask for the publication of
a statement from Senator Tillman in
The newspaper restriction message
was also read in the House, which re?
ferred it to the judiciary committee,
with the bill carrying its recommend?
ations Introduced by Mr. Rembert,
on the motion of Mr. Stevenson.
The House agreed to hold joint as?
sembly to elect three judges at noon
on January 22nd at 1 o'clock.
Joint assembly met and published
the returns for Governor.
Mit. BRYAN AND THE CABINET.
Nebraapan Multen it Plain He Ex?
acts Nothing from Mr. Wilson as
From the Commoner.
On another page will be found an
editorial which recently appeared 1;.
the St. Louis Republic. The Com?
moner has not commented upon the
many editorials that have mention?
ed Mr. Bryan, favorably or unfavor.
ably, in connection with a Cabinet
position, but it begs to protest against
an argument presented by the St.
Louis Republic which says:
"Woodrow Wilson's debt to Bryan
is the biggest debt possible in Ameri?
can politics. Proper acknowledge?
ment of that debt is expected. Popu?
lar belief is that it will be paid."
Another sentence reads:
"As to Mr. Bryan's fitness for the
premiership or for the ranking am
l>ajssadorship, opinion may differ."
Thect are other sentences compli?
mentary* to Mr. Bryan,* but these two
passages bring out the point to which
the Commoner wishes to call atten?
Cabinet positions ought not to be
regarded as currency with which to
pay debts. They are responsible po?
sitions, and in filling them the Presi?
dent-elect should look to the future
.tnd not to the past. A public Offi?
cial has no right to discharge political
obligations ;11 the expense of the pub?
lic Tin men selected by Mr. Wilson
for the Cabinet should be selected
not because id' personal service ren?
dered him, nor even because of past
service rendered to the party. The
individual counts for little; the
cause counts for muc h. An individ?
ual, if he lias had a proper motive for
working, finds sufficient compensa?
tion in tii?' triumph of ideas, princi?
ples and policies; he does not need
the consolations of office. Offices
should lie used to strengthen the par?
ty and to advance the things for
which the party stands, it is pleas?
ant to reward those who have b< en
faithful, where that reward can be
given without sacrificing public in?
terests, but where past service is con?
sidered it is b.-ttei to consider it as
an assurance of future sei vice than
merely because it has been rendered.
The Commoner declines to discuss
Cabinet possibilities, but it ventures
to express the hope that Governor
! Wilson will be governed by a higher
motive than gratitude In the selection
of his official house hold. A great
responsibility rests upon him, and he
will need the assistance of tin- best
and braves! for his work, He ought
to ft el free to select for each place
the man best fitted for It; In no other
way can he hope to measure up to
the expectations of tie- public He
need not he should not?consider
any service thai Mr. Bryan has ren?
dered to him. or to the public Mr.
Itryan bus been abundantly rewarded
I fm nil he has done, and does not
'f.il that the parte. Ol any individual
j in the party, owes him anything, if
1 I,,- ever holds any offlCC, it ought to
! be given, whetht r by appointment pr
by election, with the view to the ser
viee that can be rendered In connec?
tion with the vvotk yet to bo done, not
with the idea of rewarding him for
anything that ho has done. And the
rule wbp !i i- here lud don n for Mr.
I irj an is the i ule \\ hlch he b< lleves
I should be l dd dow n for all. in other
! w ,.i ds, the welfare of the party and
in.- v.. Ifarc of tie- - tuintry, not the
ambitions of men oi the Interesti of
llidh hluals, should l.u- i'b r. d.
Mr .i 11 Warn n, of Mayesvllle,
w as in the < it y Thursday.
DENVER DISPATCHED TO PRO
TECT AMERICAN LIVES.
Threatened Rebel Outbreak In Aca
pnloo Necessitates Prompt Action
by United States.
Washington, Jan. 16.?The shitting
character of Mexican rebel activities
again was demonstrated today when it
became necessary to dispatch the
cruiser Denver from San Diego, Cal.,
to Acapulco, on the southern- Pacific
coast of the republic, where American
lives are in momentary danger be?
cause of a threatened rebel outbreak
in that city.
Following reports of the Madero
government that the revolution would
be put down, came reassuring reports
from the Mexican States along the
Mexican frontier, but hope of early
pacification of the republic gave way
as it became apparent that the federal
forces were inadequate to cope with
the rebels in the central and southern
districts, who have carried on their
operations even in the very face of
the seat of government.
Alarmed by reports from Consul
Edwards, state department officials
today realized that strong measures
were necessary, and so called upon the
navy to dispatch a warship to Aca?
Officials here now hope for a change
in the fortunes of the Mexican federal
government through the consumma?
tion of the 40,000,000 pesos bond is?
sue for the authorization of which
Mexican congress has passed a bill.
It is apparent that only with sufficient
money to p irchase munitions of war
in quantities sufficient fully to equip
the federal forces, can the rebellion
be stamped out.
PREPARES TO SAIL.
Denver Hurriedly Makes Ready for
San Diego, Cal., Jan. 15.?Hurried
preparations were made today on the
cruiser Denver to sail tomorrow for
,The Denver was to have sailed for
the Nicarauga station Friday, conse?
quently preparation? for departure
; w ere well under way when the Mexi?
can orders were received.
XO NEWS FROM THE INTERIOR.
All Communication With Points Away
From Border Cut When Rebels
Wreck Telegraph System.
I El Paso, Texas, Jan. l."..?All com?
munication with the Interior <>f Mex?
ico was cut today. Rebels severed the
railway and commercial telegraph
wires below GallegO, 140 miles South
on the Mexican Central railway. A
passenger train li unaccounted for
and bridges are believed to have been
Destruction along the Mexico
Northern railway has been more ex?
tensive than on any former occasion
during the two yean of revolt. One
bundled and twelve wooden trestlei
over 150 miles of road have been
! burned by rebels on th.- English Ca
i nadlan line. whi< h rum into the
Cases Grandes district.
Local agents of the Guggenheim
Smelters have received word that at
least two of the big plants were
closed down at M< nterey and Velar
dena. This throws out of employ?
ment some 5,000 men.
American property owners in Mex
clo will journey to Mexico at the ?x
penie of the Mexican government next
Week to tell President M.obro of
their losses. This is the result of the
visit along the border at Pedro Las
curlan, minister of foreign relations
in Madero's cabinet, and Lloyd >\
Griscom, former American ambassa?
dor to Italy and president of the Pan
Am l lean s< telety.
WON'T <? I\ I II'.
Governor of Mexican state H ?UU to
Mexico C ty, .Ian. 15. The denying
the right * Augustin? Sanchcs to be
g< .ernor of ?!:<? State of Tlaxcala, ihe
retiring governor, Senor Hidalgo, to?
night barricaded himself in Ihe State
palace with a guard of state troops,
Sanchez established the new govern?
ment in a private house, Cnimportanl
rioting t<>ok place in ?best!? eis
Hidalgo named i 'bud man to sue
< eed him al midnight, declaring he
would yield i" him it a- < Inlmcd 1 \
Senor Imw urain, minist? : of fort ign
affairs, s.iid tonight thai ?>? himself
bud rejected t he i. b, I?' peace pro?
posals as tiny were of an impudent
character They included a demand
CLASH NARH JWLY AVERTED.
PRINTING OF GOVERNOR'S AN
M AL MESSAGE l\ JOURNAL
Legislative Matters Acted upon Wed
nesdai?Hon? Will \ i>it Wli rop
?Whaler Tempor?r] speak* c
Special to The Daily Item m
Columbia, Jan. IS.?Th<- ?? e to?
day accepted an invitati visit
Winthrop on January 2' ?,
A threatened clash < eon the
administration and administra?
tion forces over pr> m the Jour?
nal the part of th ,age from the
Governor excoria- ie special in?
vestigating comm'tte* of Augusta was
averted for the Lms by a motion to
hold the messag' until the commit?
tee's report was 'eceived.
The State Life Insurance bill was
R. S. Whaley of Charleston was
elected speaker pro tern.
The Senate th morning accepted
an invitation to visit "Winthrop Col?
lege on Friday, J .iuary 24th, only af?
ter an hour's d?. aate on the matter
of legislative tri} -v. Among the bills
introduced was one by Senator Mc
Laurin, cutting the legal rate of in?
terest to six per cent and one by Sen?
ator* Carlisle, giving the foreman of
the grand jury the right to swear wit?
nesses. The St?nate meets tomorrow
at 11 o'clock.
HARD LUCK BALL CLVB.
W. II. Locke l*urvhasos Baseball Club
Which Has Survived All Assault* of
Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 15.?W. H.
Locke of Pittsl urg announced that
he had purchased the Philadelphia
National league I aseball club this af?
The purchase price was not an?
nounced. Mr. Locke announced thnt
I the club is owned entirely by Ph?la>
f delphia .fane wirb the exception of a
block purchased by himself and his
uncle, W. S. Baker, a former poii.ee
commissioner of New York.
After the sale was consummated
the new owners met and the follow?
ing officers were .elected: President,
Mr. Locke; secretary, and treasurer,
Daniel C Snyder, Pittsburg, father
in-law of Mr. Locke; directors, Fred
T. Chandler, W. S. Haker, D. C. Sny
der. W. L. Locke and Gen. Wilbur F.
Sadler of New Jersey.
Mr. Locke, th* new head of the
Phillies, is well known in baseball
circles, having been for years secre?
tary of the Pitts1* irg club.
WON r CHANGE KNOX S REPLY.
Hoot - Bill on Canal Toll ITn sup!Ion
will have So Effect oil Answer to
Washington, fan. i">.?senator
Root's bill to exempt American coast?
wise shipping from the payment of
toils through the Panama canal has
not tended to alter the State depart?
ment's reply to Sir Edward Grey's
protest. Unless by rapidity of action
the Root bill or one of the pending
house bills covering the same subject
Should become law within the next
fortnight, the reply of Secretary Knox
will go forward to Lon Ion on the
lines oi iginally perfected.
Dr. s c. Baki has returned from
St. Augustine, Fl? where he went last
week to attend . meeting of repre
sntatives of c* minerclal organizations
and 9ther* interested In the proposed
celebration of the centennial of peace
between the United States and Eng?
land and the semi-centennial of the
conclusion ol peace betwe< n the North
for the res'gnatlon of President
Hi \ i:VYIN<i C IMP\\? .\.
RfbelH ? State of l>iu*an?*i Ire on
ti City, Jan, 15, Rebels in the
siato ol Durang are renewing their
campaign of destruction, according to
pi iv..to telegrams received hero. They
?<ii of ihr burning of the stations at
Papolinn and LTrganos, between Du*
range and Torreoi and th?' sacking
and burning ol Pan Lucas ami Lngat,
0 miles north c* 1 'tirang
Four sharp encounters between
rebels and federals In Ihb States of
Mexico and Mor?dos arc reported, In
all of which th. 'i ils I dm to have
inflict* ?I ? oie ,.b ! .i le loss.