Newspaper Page Text
? ?MIMIII? (.III IV n\ ?VE Ol'
II C IIMKiKH |X IMI'FAUII
MKXT FKnt KKDINGS,
Convk'teil of "High Crlnic? and MU
e*sne*knorV' ?ml I* Forever IMsquuli.
tl.Ml from Howling Positions or Pub
Ik' Honor of Publle Trust.
Washington. Jan II? Kobert W,
Archbald of Scranton. Pa., for 29 years
an occupant of Judlclul positions
upon th. I'.nnalyvanla State bench,
the federal district bench and the
I n ted States commerce court, was
today adjudged guilty by the United
States senate of "high crimes and
misdemeanors; " was stripped of his
office end forever disqualified from
holding positions of public honor or
The conviction and Judgment came
aa the conclusion of the Impeach?
ment trial that has been pending in
the senate since last summer, on
charges that Judge Archbald bad been
guilty of miscondie t and misbehavior
aa a Judge and that he had corruptly
used his Judicial power to further the
private interests of himself and bis
friends, in the acqulstlon of coal land
properties in Pennsylvania. Upon five
of the 13 separate charges brought
against him by the house, Judge
Archbald was found guilty. Upon the
other eight the senate voted him not
guilty, the majority In some cases be?
ing against him, but failing of the two
thirds necessary for conviction. Any
one of the five verdicts of guilty was
enough to bring a4>out the punish?
ment Imposed upon him.
The end of the long fought strug?
gle In the senate came early in the
afternoon when the vote was taken on
the first article of Impeachment. With
gallery doors locked to prevent the
movement of spectators, and an unac?
customed hush prevailing throughout
the chamber 68 senators rose in their
places as their names were called and
pronounced the word "guilty" In al?
most Inaudible tones. The vote on
the first charge, that Judge Archbald
hod corruptly Influenced officials of
the Erie railroad to sell him the Katy?
did culm dump at Scranton, resulted
In hie conviction, by a vote of 68 to 5.
In a little committee room off the
gallery floor, behind a guarded door.
Judge Archbald. his wife and his son
sat throughout the afternoon aa the
senate voted upon the charges against
him. The first vote of conviction waa
carried to him by his aon from the
gallery. After sentence had been Im?
posed upon him Judge Archbald and
his family left the capltol, to go at
once to the family home at Scranton.
"I have always known that I have
done no wrong and the vote of no
one m ikes It otherwiae," waa his only
Ousnment upon the senate's action.
Sentence waa imposed by Senator
Bacon of Georgia, the presiding offi?
cer, after the aenate had. by a vote of
39 to 35, uphe' ' a reaolutlon offered
by Senator O'Oorman of New York
authorising the full penalty pi
by the constitution.
"The aeaate Ustrefore does . rd? r
and decree," said Bag H l'aeon, "and
It Is hereby adjudged, that the re?
spondent. Kobert W Archbald, circuit
Judge for the United MatCJ 'or the
Third Judb iul circuit, and designated
to serve In the commerce court, be,
and here Is h? rcby. removed from of?
fice, and that he ???*. and hereby is,
forever disqualified to hold and enjoy
?ny office of honor, trust or profit un?
der the United States."
The sentence of the senate became
operative at once, and directions were
given that the president and the
house of representatives be notified of
the verdict and the punishment Im?
of the ten men who have been Im?
peached before the senate since the
origin of the government. Judge
Archbald Is the third to be convicted
and the only one convicted who ap?
peared to make a personal defense
Voting on the charge* he? nsj as soon
aa the impeachment four, had been
reorganised nt 1 o'clock. On each of
the articles Senator r.ac.?n. after the
secretary read the c ha PSje to the sen?
ate, put the formal quei Ion:
' Senators, how snj yo i. Is the re?
spond* it. P.ohert W Am lhahl, guilty
or not guilty as i b?rge?. In this ar?
At the roll i all I o h senator under
the ruh ? ? ?? in bis ?eat and declared
his rerd i but notwithstanding tie
silence that pr. vaib d throughout the
ehunUr. nu.ny had la SC I had to
repent Haiti ratei la make their re?
plies audible to the pat . Sl ?ry. Kobert
W Arehb ild Jr . w bo Sttf with bis
father's eonnsel na th? Hoof of the
senate, exhibited er. il f. # ling as It
became apparent thai lh< VOtt was
overwhelmingly for e..n\b tiog
The first article < I i ?u .' idg
V. hhaid had gone to otll. i ds ..r tin
Brit rutlfoadi while thai road had
a suit pending in Ihe cess meres court,
and had ?ormp'iv Influenced I hem t<.
agree to give him ? favorable option
on the Katydid culm dm p owned
In part by the Urb 's subsidiary com?
pany. tb?- Hillside Coal and Iron
. o nt ,r?y.
F1FI.D DAY IX MANNING.
Bvessta Planned for School children
Of l III I 'Mil' Ml
Manning, Jan. 12.?The Clarendon
Comity Teuchel s' Assonati? o nu't
here yesterday morning 111 Joint StS
HH'ii with the School Improwmsnt As?
set i ition of the county. After an in?
teresting discussion 01 manual training
and the advisability of making it a
part of tin- COUrSt of study in schools,
th. president of the Improvement As?
sociation outlined plans fof a Held day,
to b#J held in April. In addition to
literary events such as contests in
spelling and trading, it is proposed to
give prases for things the pupils them?
selves may make. It Is hoped that
this held day may Interest people
throughout the county In present ed?
ucational needs, and it is planned to
make it a yearly event. The School
Improvement Association has already
done much for this county, and it is
at present actively engaged in pro?
moting a bill for passage in the ap?
proaching sesion of the Legislature
to prevent the continued inexcusable
absence from school of white children
between the ages of 8 and 13 years.
Many prominent men in the county
have expressed themselves as favor?
ing such a measure, and a petition for
its passage will be presented through
the Legislative delegation from this
HOYS PLAN BASEBALL.
High School Hoys Fleet Officers for
At a recent meeting of the High
Scool boys Interested in baseball, of?
ficers were elected for the approaching
season as follows: Captain, William
I. wman; manager, Carroll Simpson.
The boys made arrangements at the
meeting to commence practise at an
early date. Several nearby towns
have been written to by the manager
for games and a schedule will be an?
LFAVF JAIL TO OVATION.
Office of Freed Idaho Nowsi>ai>er Men
Hanked with Flower*.
Boise, Idaho, Jan. 11.?R. S. Sheri?
dan and C. O. Broxon, publisher and
editor of tho Capital News, and A. R.
Cruzen were given an ovation when
they walked from Jail today after hav?
ing served ten days' sentence for con?
tempt of court.
When the two former reached the
office of their paper, In which was
published the message from Col.
Roosevelt that was held In contempt
by the Idaho Supreme Tribunal, they
found Sofa] offerings sent by promi?
nent prisons from all over the coun?
Insane Man Hanged Himself.
Columbia, Jan. 11.?Soms time dur?
ing last night lit njamin Bryant, a
young man inmate of the Stnti Hos?
pital for the Insane committed suicide
by hanging himself.
He tied thr sheet of his bed around
his neck .and fastened it to the bars
guarding the ventilator over th*- door
after which It Is ?uPPOSed he jumped
from his bed and died "f strangula?
At midnight an attendant, thinking
that all was not well, went into the
room of the young man and found him
suspended by thr neck, and dead.
*AVIre|?*ss" Across the Ocean.
Jacksonville, Fla., Jan. 11.-The
wireless station on Anastasls island
neat here, has been In communication
with Kiffri Tower la Parli end Hon?
olulu this week. Long distance tests
of thr apparatus have been going on
tor tea days with the greatest sne?
ers-. Thr operator has copied mes?
sages from Honolulu, 4,100 miles;
Cltfdea Island. G.lua mihs; Riffel
Tower. Cans, ."..ton miles, as well as
Colon and other stations in the West
Tin- time signals from Eiffel Tower
? ICH day at I o'clock, being midnight
at Paris ere recorded here. These
are sent from Paris automatically by
an Ingenious switching arrangers tit
from tin master ?hak In the Paris
lower. I'ally Arlington station at
Washington, also Is heard sending
tune for the ben. tit of ships at sea.
Thr work of this stsllon i1^ considered
marvelous owing to ths light power
used as compared with other sta?
\N hltes Defeat the Lrccn*.
In or. i<f thr besl howling matches
held up ?" Ihls lime In the v M. C, a.
iroph) contest ihr Whites defeated
tin- Greens Monday nlghl l?y piling up
a majority nf 105 pins ngalnsi their
Tin tirst game \n is marked bs
H.i sror. n on Pott) t? nms, the Whit< .
? nmlng out ah* id l?y 11" pins Tin
.mi gains went In lh< tlreens bj
it pins majority and Ihe last gam*
u i-i won by Ihe Whites with ? mi
lot it v of 7 1 pins
There a is much rootlni and mucl
enthusiasm was shown by Ihe mem
tiers of and supporters of each U km
BLEASE MAKES CHARGE.
GOVERNOR Asks SUPREME
COURT I <)k A REFEREE.
Chief Executive Charges sinking Fund
Cunm?Nulon With Agreement With
Columbia) Jan. 14.-?The governor
of South Caroline In his return read
b? fore the supreme court yesterday
charged the members of the sinking
fund commission with having made
an agreement with New York bond
dealers to shut out competition after
the supreme court had passed upon
the validity of the bond refunding act
of the last general assembly. The act I
in question provides for refunding of
about $.",000,000 of State bonds.
The members of the sinking fund
commission are the governor, J. Fr??
ser Lyon, attorney general; A. W.
Jones, comptroller general; H. H.
Jennings, State treasurer. The other
members arc the chairman of the
finance committee of the senate and
the chairman of the ways and means
committee of the house. The late
Senator W. L, Mauldin of Greenville,
was chairman of the senate commit?
tee and LowndCS J. Krowning of L'nion
was chairman of the house body.
Several days ago the supreme court
issued an order requiring the mem?
bers of the sinking fund commission
to show cause why the act for re?
funding the bonds should not be de?
clared unconstitutional and why the
members of the commission should
not be restrained from carrying out
the provisions of the act. The gov?
ernor, accompanied by his attorney,
Fred H. Dominick of Newberry, ap?
peared in the supreme court yester?
day morning. The return was read
by Mr. Dominick. The court after
hearing the return granted three
weeks for the governor to make fur?
In his return yesterday the gover?
nor asked the court to refer the en?
tire matter to a referee to take tes?
timony and make report.
Mr. 1 DeBruhl, assistant attorney
general, representing the sinking fund
commission, and W. T. Aycock, at?
torney for the taxpayers bringing the
proceedings, had agreed to submit the
case on printed briefs. Mr. Aycock
did not believe that the sinking fund
had acted in bad faith. Mr. DeKruhl
said that a representative of the New
York bond buyers had come here and
examined not only this act but former
refunding acts thoroughly and it was
this representative's suggestion that
on** or two matters in the act had
not been passed on in court and that
an action should be brought to this
end before the bonds were placed on
sale. He denied not only any bad
.uith on the t art of the sinking fund
hjt also ar.. understanding between
them and ihe New York bond buyers
as charged by the governor and said
that non< Of the bonds had been of?
fered for sale.
The following is a part of the re?
turn of the governor:
That he believes that said mem?
bers of Sinking fund commission have
undertaken to make seme argreement
or arrangement with certain parties
in New York for the purchase of the
bonds to be issued by the .said sinking
fund commission under the resolution
of December 28, 1912, for the pay?
ment of the bonds and stocks hereto?
fore Issued and which are to be called
in. mentioned in said resolution as re?
funding bonds and stocks, under tin
art of February 21, 1912. The terms
and provisions of this agreement or
proposed arrangement are not known
to this respondent, nor have they been
made known to tin public, or what
parties have been negotiating with the
said members of the said commission
for the purchase of said refunding
bonds and stocks before they have
made proposals for the purchase
thereof, and that whatever proposal
may be made by said parties to the
comptroller general under said reso?
lution will have already been nego?
tiated and agreed upon, thus shutting
OUt any fair and proper competition
therefor, and that as a part of said
arrangement or agr< ement this pro?
ceeding or action is had to cany it
Into effect and to obtain beforehand
I and before such proposal is made the
judgment of this court, so as to ef?
fectuate their purposes, which this
respondent avers to he Illegal and
contrary to tie- Lrue int? tests ,,f the
State of South Carolina; and this re?
spondent does r.ot believe that said
ngreemenl or contract has been legal?
ly made or is valid, or can be made
legal or valid or thai the state's in
t. rests will be promoted or protected
thereby, and he submits to the court
thai I! is highly lmp< rtanl and to
j the intc ? sts of the pi ople of the
State of South Carolina thai this ac?
tion should not be disposed of or
I Judgment rendered therein until a
full Investigation shall bo made into
this mit-tion ns to the actings and
doings of the said members of tie
sinking fund commiaelon, claiming to
I be a majority thereof, and us whether
l this action is brought In >.I f dth
and it Is not im? nd< il to ha\ e t he
court Bid the said parties in their il?
legal transactions in carrying their
arrangement or agreement into ef?
DREAD DISEASE IN ANDERSON.
Caae of Cerebro Spinal Meningitis
lias Been Discovered un Plantation
in tili' County.
Anderson, Jan. 13.?A ease of cere?
bro spinal meningitis has developed
on the farm of Paul Karl, 11 miles
southwest of this city and four miles
from the Georgia State line, the pa- \
tlent being the 5-year-old daughter
of a negresH mimed Leila Hardy.
Dr. J. N. Land, who was called to ,
s. e the c hild for the first time Fri- j
day stated tonight that he noticed
symptoms of this disease yesterday
morning and that the symptoms be?
came more fully developed today. He i
is firmly of the opinion that the dis- |
ease is cerebro spinal meningitis but j
is not prepared to say whether it is '
of the sporadic or epidemic kind.
He will report the case officially to
State health officer, Dr. Hayne, imme?
diately and Dr. Hayne will probably ]
come to Anderson tomorrow. The case !
was brought to the attention of the \
grand jury attending the court of ses?
sions today. Mr. Farle, on whose
place the case has developed, happens
to be a member of the grand jury and
he says that everything possible is be?
ing done to prevent the disease from
spreading. The grand jury instructed
County Supervisor Milford to estab- j
lish two guards at the county's ex- j
pense for effective and complete cpuar
MAY USE PUSH CARTS.
Parcels Post Growth Demands More j
Facilities for Handling.
That the use of the parcels post by j
merchants and the residents of rural
routes, particularly, and the patrons
of the postofhee generally will have
so increased soon that extra facilities
for handling this class of matter will
be needed is the opinion of Postmas?
ter Geo. D. Shore. A push cart de?
livery may be instituted soon, said Mr.
Shore, or if the business demands it,
an automobile may be hired as is the
case in Columbia.
At the present time Mr. Shore said
that the Postmaster General Is leav?
ing each postmaster free to deal with
the increased business as he sees lit,
and the local postoffice is now using
their special delivery messenger as a
helper in getting parcels delivered
People are slowly but surely realiz?
ing the benefits of the parcels post
and Mr. Shore stated to a reporter
that eggs, fresh meat and other
country products had aready been
handled at the local office. Merchants
are using the service for shipping
clothing and other wearing apparel to
Already Mr. Shore is in communi?
cation with manufacturers of official
parcels post delivery carts, but he
does not intend making any definite
arrangementa as to the purchaae of
any until the increased business war?
The Peoples1 Bank Election.
The annual meeting of the stock?
holders of the Peoples' Hank was held
Tuesday and the following directors
and officers were elected:
Prsident, D. D. Jennings.
First vice-president, B. C. Wallace,
Second vice-president, S. W. otubbs.
Cashier, S. M. McLeod.
Assistant Cashier, A. M. Broughton.
Directors, L. 1 >. Jennings, S. W.
Stubbs, C. P. Osteen, B. C. Wallace,
J. D. White, I?. B. Harvin, Moses
Green, J. W. Shaw, W. T. Brogdon,
J. M. Brogdon, F. D. Knight, W. A
Brown. C. C. Beck, Dr. F. K. Holman,
R. K. Wilder.
SPiTS BULLET OUT.
man accidentally* shot ex
pectorates leaden mi^
Peculiar Feature of Accidental Shoot
inf. Bullet Entere .Man'?? Nose and
Leaden Messenger Conns out
Through His Mouth.
To spit out a bullet with which one
has been shot is a feat that is pos- 1
llbly performed once in a hundred
years, but it is a feat that was per?
formed with all ease by Ed. Rich?
ardson, colored, when he was acci?
dentally shot by another young ne?
gro named R?dgen yesterday after?
The two men were on friendly
terms; they were at a store near Mile
Branch Monday afternoon and Rodg
ers was standing in the door showing
Richardson, who was in front of him,
the workings of his pistol. Suddenly
the gun was accidentally discharged,
the bullet entering Richardson's head,
just below the left nostril. Its prog?
ress was stopped when it reached the
back of his mouth and he '.rime
dlately spit it out. Dr. Birnie, who
attended Richardson stated that the
bullet was twisted beyond recognition
as a bullet. He said that Richardson
had apparently sustained no serious
injury and would doubtless recover
shortly from his narrow escape.
TOLLMAN ON PRIMARY.
Replies to Criticism of His Letter to
General Assembly Urging Safeguard
for I*rimary and Declares that
Honestly Conducted It is Best So
Washington, Jan. 13.?A day or two
ago the New York World had an edi
torial criticising Senator Tillman's
I open letter to the legislature of South
Carolina, Senator Tillman today re
, plied to this in his usual terse but
j forcible way. The editorial in ques?
tion was as follows:
"Senator Tillman has addressed to
the general assembly of South Caro?
lina an appeal for legislation to safe?
guard primary election" on the
ground that if the primar> not re?
formed there will be two parties in
I South Carolina, as in other States, and
that in the struggle between them the
negro vote will be mobilized and elec
! tions determined by bribery. To add
strength to his appeal he says that
it may be the last he will ever address
i to the legislature, as he may die be
( fore another election for senator
"Under the solemnity of this plea,
the letter will doubtless be read with
more attention than is usually giv-n
to political advice. Nor will the at?
tention he wasted. The argument is
a striking illustration of a ruling pas?
sion strong to the verge of the g:ave,
But it is common to the blind given
I by one who won't see. The greatest
I event in the South today is that of
J unnatural politics of government by
I a single party, held together by race
I pre judice. The best thing that could
befall Bouh Carolina would he divis?
ion of her people into two well-bal?
anced parties. It would he far bettor
than any possible primary reform
that --mailed the continuance of the
existing system. The senator's coun?
sel, while consistent with his career.
Is inconsistent with the wisdom that
should come with age.''
To this Senator Tillman replied:
"My attention has been called to
your editorial of the IOth, 'Bad Coun?
sel Prom Senator Tillman.' criticising
my recent open letter to the general
assembly of South Carolina urging
legislation for the protection of the
primary system In our State.
"The World is a great Denn? ratio
newspaper and its views always com?
mand attention they deserve.
"Let me call your attention to a few
tacts. The number of negroes of vot
ing age in the State exceeds the
whites. All <?f the.se are not eligible to
legist*r, but mure and more are be?
coming so every day. The Ignorant*
and natural depravity of the negro
race wholly unfits them to participate
In government While our condition
In South Carolina is not ideal by any
means to have white men struggling
for th ? mastery with the negroes as
the balance of power, say B0.000 of
them, would be anything but pleasant.
Can you imagine any more prolilic
Held foi corruption and blrbery? if
we could have the voters of the state
divide into 'two well-balanced par?
ties, it would be far better than the
condition we are now in. That is just
What * CUrred in the last primary.
But there was enough irregular and
fraudulent votes to cast suspicion on
the pr nary. White men will not tol?
erate I e continuance of any such con?
"I am urging the general assembly
to remedy it by legislation. You say
it is not necessary and you know ab?
solutely nothing about it, but are
theorizing about government on gen?
eral principles. I know whereof I
sj^ak. You are guessing. The ne?
groes ought never to have been given
the ballot. Many Republicans in con?
gress now acknowledge this. But they
ha\e .tie ballot and we can not take it
away unless the North takes the initia?
tive to repeal the 14th and 15th
amendments. The white primary
honestly conducted is the best solu?
tion Of our troubles.
"In some Northern States ignorant
foreigners, who know absolutely noth?
ing about American ideals and Amer?
ican history, and can not either read
or write the English lauguage, control.
There money gets in its dirty work of
buying congressmen and electing sen?
ators by dabauched legislatures. The
South nas had none of this so far, but
if yoi .* counsel should be followed we
would .?oon have enough of it and to
spare. Which is the better, honest
white primaries or corrupt legislators
elected by negro voters bought at the
polls like cattle? We want the first;
you want the latter?or that is what
your argument leads us to."
A FOOTBALL ROMANCE.
Marriage Followed Meeting, Now
College is Worried.
We?t Point, N. Y., Jan. 12.?Cadets
at the United States Military Acad?
emy sp? ^ulated today upon what ac?
tion the authorities would take over
the marriage of one of the cadets yes?
terday ;n violation of the rule that
cadets are not permitted to marry.
The romance in question is that of
Elmer E. Adler, a sergeant who,
dressed in uniform, was married at
Tarrytown. to Miss Florence E. Davis,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Harry J.
Davie, of Buffalo. Adler came from
Billings, Mont., and was in his third
year at West Point.
IflSf Davis met Adler at a football
j Kam? nore than a year ago. She had
j attended a number of dances here
and v as highly regarded, while Adler
j bims? !f was one of the most popular
; cadets at West Point.
The weather man did a good deed
Tuend ay morning when he prophe?
sied the doubly acceptable gift of
I clear ^ki? I and warm w inds for the
I next few days.
"Iis Stomach Troubles Over.
Mr. Dyspeptic, would you not like
to feel that your stomach troubles
were < er, that you could eat any kind
of fo< d >? u desired without injuiy
That may seem so unlikely to you
that you do nyt even hope for an
ending of your trouble, but permit us
to assure you that it Is not altogether
Impossible. If others can be cured
permanently, and thousands have
been, why not you? John R. Barker,
of Battle Creek, Mich., is one of them.
He says, "1 was troubled with heart?
burn. Indigestion, and liver complaint
until 1 used Chamberlain's Tablets,
then my trouble was over." Sold by
all d? dcrs. ? Advt.
Our Greatest Bargain Offer
Reading Supply for Whole Year
si:mi-wi:i:ivLY wvn nv n \\i> soithrox..
i'tn i,nn ni sivwDHV.
farm vxd fihfsidf (Tl lionul Farm Paper)
This remarkable subscription offer in . be withdrawn ;tt nnj time, therefore ?K> not delay, bul
forwnrd your order to The Watchman > Southron al once. Besides getting the \\ achman and
Bouthron ta'lce a week for twelve month you will receive sixty-two numb? i .?: lie ?tliei t.lica
tions a full year's subscription on each.
??1.1 subscribers may renew and get tins great combination uffer.
Watchman and Southron, Sumtcr, S. C.
Enclosed find $2.00 for which please enter m\ order *or the Semi-weekly
Watchman and Southron and the above tour Magazines, .ill foi a period of 1 year.
Name. R. F. D.P. <.