TIU: si Mil It WATCHMAN, i.stublMied April, 1850.
MBs Just ami lVar not?Let all the ends Thou Alms'! at be thy Country's. Thy God's and Truth's."
Consolidated Au*. 3,1881.
SUMTER, S. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 25, 1913.
THE TRUE SOUTHRON. Established June, JM
Vol. XXXV. No. 44.
LOW RATES ON COTTON.
HEAVY HI IM ? llo\ IM TAHITI'
S4 III l>| I I sHMs HAIOST
Leading South Carolina Mill Men
Urge ConipronaUe Hot ween Under?
wood Hill of La-t Session mid Ad?
Wsshtngton. Jan. 22.?The tariff on
cotton manufactures may be cut to
a minimum a<. valorem aa low as S
pea* cent. The minimum under the
Underwood bill that was- pressed by
th I >. nun nit 11 maj?>nt\ in the In.use
hi 1911 and 1912. and that so far
stands as the tentative basis of the
Democratic cotton revision programme
la IS per cent.
Thla waa the development today
after the ways and means committee
had heard witnesses representing both
the Southern an I Northern cotton in?
dustry. The committee room was
crowded all day with manufacturers.
Importers and others, interested In the
revision plan, under which the Demo?
cratic leaders contend the burden rest?
ing upon the people because of cost
of cotton clothing, will be reduced
by more than $90,000,000.
The American Association of Cot?
ton Manufacturers, dominated by the
Southern mill owners, went on record
for a compromise reduction. In a
schedule presented by its former pres?
ident. Lewis W. Parker of Greenville
H. C, who was accompanied by a com?
mutes of the association, rates were
proposed that dropped the minimum
ad valorem to 10 per cent.
The sobsdule which will figure in
the committee consideration of the
revision plsn provides these ad val?
Cotton cloth, varying grades, calico,
ahsstlng and plain weaves from 10 to
IS per cent, when made In the gray
entirely of single yarns and 15 to
" 40 per cent, when advanced by bleach?
ing, dyeing, mercerising or other pro
cotton cloth of fancy or figured
?* of any description, Cords,
checks, gause or composed of
vrn*. It to 40 per cent,
the gray and 20 to 4?) per rent.
When "advanced;" cotton cloth of
Jacquard wesve in the gray, 25 to 45
per esM and "advanced." 30 to 50;
different classes of cotton cloth com?
posed of bleached, dyed, colored or
mercerised yarns, 15 to 50 per cent;
atagle yarns In the gray. 10 to 35
jdsbd "advanced" 15 to 40 per cent.
Members of the committee favor
sotting th' cotton manufactures rates
to the lower figures suggested and
some of the committee are insistent
upon as low as 5 per cent on com?
mon Cotton cloth such as calico, sheet
^ tng and pi i: t weaves.
Ths Northern manuaft turer* took
tssus with the suggested reduction
though conceding that they might be
able to stand a cut in their profit.
"You may succeed from a revenue
standpoint." urged Simeon B. Chase
* of Fsll Hiver, Mass., representing
large Raw Imgland mill Interest, "but
you are not going to accomplish w hat
yon think you are going to as to
benefiting the consumers.'
John H. Kadden of New York, a
cotton glove manufacturer, advocated
t a great ?r differential In the duties be*
tween cotton cloth and the finished
K M. Miller. Jr.. of Charlotte. N". (".,
for the American Cotton .\l inufactur
Ing association, favored specific duties
and submitted recommendations for
. rates substantially lower than in the
Staurt W. rramer of Charlotte. N.
C . a yarn manufacturer, agreed that
from the standpoint of a tariff for
revenue, the rat*s on cotton yarn
were too high, ass submitted a Stated*
, i.l?. of lower duties Hepi.m-illative
' Hill brought out that the duties n
commanded by Mr. Cramer wars
the tariff board's repot r. Mr ClMasSf
said h?? npokf? for the American Cef?
ton Munufai t?rm? as-oi ration, with
member* in both the South md North.
m ,md .-Id. I ill.' t1.tton manuf o -
' luring tuisiness in mam a.*ei l.i'. l
had h? # n on a hanis I ? low 'a.st.
I*?w|s W Parker si 'in env lib-. ?
ssjStsn mill ewsjsfi sasjs^sisdi as a
manufacturer h aehedttle of rates
with a minimum ? r |i pt?f rent on
k the ehoaawr eottoa clot hi a?nt run?
ning in m.mv sasss beloa tax last
.i .Ni<>ni I inl' .I to i 'i n. - bed*
ubv he ?.H? wu?< on He Ii.im.m tha* v..
far as th?- saaaass si |.Is appealing
??? the gre;if Ml im. n of tie Je o|,'.. in
concerned. \\ ? must eapeet t<i m it ?
fc. edllcttoriS In 'I e. .11 111 e i i ' I i f 11 ? ? 11 i
W Th#? eaamlastloa al Mr. Pai <
rnnsed over the wind?- cotton indu
trv Hs soatends thai Ills greater
part that laboi phi ?< n ? ? ri>? purttl llai
fabric the In? abb ihe m mufaotu? ?
were to meet foreign competition 11
WILL CONSIDER REPLY.
sI N vi i: Ki t i |<S TlllMAN'S lei
UK WD ABNEY'S DENIAL
OF CH AKGES TO JC
l IM" r Body Agree* to House Kcsolu
tlon for Investigation of President
Mitchell's Actions?General Isscm
bly to Ylslt Winthrop.
Columbia, Jan. 23.?After a long de?
bate the Senate toilay referred the
Tillman reply ami statement of de?
nial from Ken. Abney of the charge
that he manipulated the legislature
an.I all matters connected therewith
to the Judiciary Committee.
The Senate adjourned to meet Mon?
day night at 8 o'clock. Before do?
ing this It agreed to the House reso?
lution to appoint a committee to in?
vestigate the charge that President
Mitchell of the University tried to di?
vert an appropriation from the Pea
body fund intended for Winthrop
The General Assembly will spend
tomorrow at Winthrop.
TO FLAN WAHEIIOI SE SYSTEM.
l*re*ldont of National Farmer-.' Con?
gress Appoints Comndtteo \n De?
mise the Kc-*t Scheme.
Columbus, o.. Jan. 21.?A uniform
system of warehouses throughout the
United States calculated to relieve
congestion and keep prices more uni?
form will be devised by a commit?
tee appointed here today by Chas. F.
Sanford. president of the National
Farmers* congress, and Levi Morri?
son, chairman of the executive com?
mittee. The committee consists of
Harvle Jordan Atlanta; William A.
Kowen, Arlington. Tex.; Joshua
Strange, Marion. Ind.; James A. Fin
ley, New York; William Creasy, Ca
tawaskie. I'a . and H? nr\ V>\<. Min?
TILLMAN Ml ST PRODUCE PROOF.
To Print McRsBge from Governor and
Tlllman's Kcply In House Journal.
Special to The Daily Item.
Columbia. Jan. 23.?The Hontt
passed a r. solution asking Senator
Tillman to produce proof of certain
charges of legislative control exercis?
ed by a railroad attorney which he
made in his reply to a message to
the Qovernor. < >n the recommenda?
tion of the Judiciarv Committee the
House ed to pi int mi Its Journal
the me Hage of the Governor urging
the restriction of newspapers and the
reply of Senator Tillman to it.
The man who lives at honte will
rially reduce his grocery bill this
spring and summer by planting an
Irish potato patch of literal size. If
put to it one can ii\'- on potatoes
alone for a time.
said that 1 *< years ago when he went
into business there were about 4,000,
? spindles while today there Were
||,0tt,aa0, Mr. Parker said that he
had 1 nulls aggregating 52,000
-p:ndb s and that of his employes one
third were women ami one-sixth Chil?
dren above 12 years of age, the legal
minimum age. The English mills, he
sid lodaj wort amklng money with
a Wide market with from 10 to 100
pat I ent dividends, while the Amcri
<an mills were making very little
piotit and he did not regard the cot?
ton business lore today as prosper?
Mr. i'arker suggested revision on
this basis. I'rom la to jo per cent
ad valorem according to the llnenees
<?f the component yarns, on plain
cloths in the grain; 1 ?> to 40 per cent
in the Anlahed state, || to \<> on faaey
cloths In the gfey, and '-'?? te IB on
laei|uard cloth in the main and 30
to 16 m Jacquard cloths ttnished.
PARKI K BEFORE COMMITTEE.
4.leeu\llb Mill Man Ulves i \idelM<
on What llr Thinks (.n Turin
, should n>.
Washlagton, Jan. IS.?-Lewis w
Parker ol Qrcviivllle today appeared
before the house ways and means
committee and told the committee
what he thought the tariff dates on
manufactured cotton goods should he
While his testimony was ,,f n tech?
nical nature, so for a< the public is
eon. , in? d it w as said nftei ttfc Ue < ' im
j adjourned that his Ideas bad given
'the eommlttre a ronsldcrahh amount
I of vi.lmihti data Which the) del t.< t
! possess ?' |it, RlllSOti Smyth oi
Gr. en\ilb . who w :- to follow III
Paiker, was not able t<> d. h ?\Ing
1 .. u ' ail. d home suddi nlj
WILSON AND COMMITTEE COM
XG TO COLUMBIA.
Congressional Party Headed by Sec?
retary of Agriculture James Wil?
son will Visit Corn Exposition
February 1. Boys' Day?Prize Win?
ners' seiiim.i of Boys and Girls.
Columbia, Jan .22 ?All railroad and
other arrangements have been per?
fected for the vi.dt to Columbia of
the Hon. James Wilson, Secretary of
Agriculture, and the agricultural com?
mittee of the National House of Rep?
resentatives, who will attend the Fifth
Corn Exposition here on Saturday,
February 1. Saturday is one of the
feature days on the Exposition pro?
gramme, this being Hons' Day, the
close of the Exposition school for
prize winners, to be conducted dur?
ing the first week of the Exposition.
The Fifth National Corn Exposition
opens here on Monday, the 27th, and
on that day also, this prize winners'
school, to be attended by prize Vin?
ning Corn Club boys and Tomato
Club girls from all over the South, to
the number of about 850, will begin
This Is said to be the first time that
an Exposition has been visited by an
entire Congressional committee, and
the acceptance of the invitation by the
agricultural committee of the House,
and by Secretary Wilson, is in the na?
ture of an official recognition of the
serious educational purpose back of
this great agricultural event.
The party will travel in a special
car over the Southern Railway, leav?
ing Washington Friday, January 31.
Arriving here Saturday morning, they
will spend Saturday and probably
Sunday in Columbia. Very likely the
prize winner's school will take part
in welcoming the party to Colum?
WANTS COMMITTEE TO SEE.
Senator Tlllman Would Have Naval
Affair* Men Go to Charleston.
1* ? x:_
Washington, Jan. 22.?Senator Tlll?
man Is desirous of having the house
naval affairs committee visit Charles?
In order to carry out this plan he
wrote a letter to Chairman Padgett,
Of which the following is a copy;
"1 have been reliably informed
that the house committee on naval
affairs is Contemplating a visit to
Panama and Guantanamo in the near
"I want to lllfieit, and I take
this means of doing it, the advisa?
bility and the dealrability of your
committee -topping on its return at
Charleston to Investigate naval mut
"It would be the means of getting
information about the navy yard and
harbor that can not easily be taken
"I am sure you would be more than
welcome by the people of the city
and would enjoy a day off there.
"As senator of the State, l extend
the formal invitation and hope you
will let me know as soon as pos?
sible whether the committee accepts
the invitation or not."
Til.I.MAN WANTS PURE AIR,
South Carolina Senator Takes step* to
Have Smoking Prohibited in the
i ppcr House.
Washington, Jan. 22.?Senator Tin?
man of South Carolina wants better
air in the senate chamber. With this
in view be introduced a resolution to?
day forbidding smoking In the senate
at any time by any person. At pres?
ent the only time that senators can
smoke on the door Is when the senate
is in executive session. The cloak
rooms are Used al other times. The
r< solution was referred to a special
committee to Inveetigate a means for
better ventilating In senate.
HENin IMiRKSSKH HOUSE.
Distinguished Texan Predicts Death of
Columbia Jan. 23? ?Congreaaman
Henry of Texas made a stirring ad?
dress before the House this morning,
predicting the death of trusts and the
Incorporation of the me..me tax and
dlred i U ctlon of s< natot amend?
ments In the < onst it ui Ion.
'i he Ho is? pai ? d d n solution for
ibe rep. :ti (.i t h. 15th amendmenl to
the Pnlted Stab ; Constitution
Comparative!} feu hogs base been
killed yel and I hi ? who have been
waiting for a hog killing season are
I wishing for u cold wave.
ANSWER SENT TQ ENGL?NU.
TAFT INDORSES REPLY TO GREY
IN REGARD TO PANAMA
Will be Announced Simultaneously in
London and Washington?Bryee
Already Acquainted With Main
Washington, Jan. 21.?President
Taft has approved the note prepared
at the state department in reply to
the communicatk n from Sir Edward
Grey, the British secretary for foreign
affairs, protesting against the exemp?
tion of American coastwise shipping
from the payment of tolls in the Pan?
As a matter of official courtesy, in?
formation is withheld as to the exact
status of the note until it has been
received by the British government
In London, through the American em?
It is believed that the American
note was dispatched by mail imme?
diately upon Its approval by the presi?
dent and that it should be in London
within a week.
The British government, however,
will not be obliged to wait that length
of time to become acquainted with its
contents as the amenities of diplomacy
require that simultaneously with the
mailing of a dispatch of this char?
acter, a copy be supplied to the resi?
dent ambassador or minister of the
power to whom it is addressed.
Ambassador Bryce, it is pointed out,
need not hesitate to make free use
of the cable to supply the British
foreign office with at least an outline
of the American document. Ambassa?
dor Bryce, it is learned, previously
has been fairly well acquainted with
the nature of the reply to be sub?
mitted. A week ago he was invited
to the state department and through
the courtesy of Secretary Knox was
permitted to listen to an explanation
in detail of the Amercan position by
Chandler Anderson, councilor of the
Following precedents established in
the publication of the Grey note,
it has been arranged that Secretary
Knox's reply shall be given out for
publication simultaneously in Wash?
ington and in London.
It is believed here that after at- |
tempting tu eliminate a number of
propositions contained In the British
note regarded as not germane to the
real Issue, Mr. Knox has devoted him
s If principally to the efforts to show
that the term "all nations" in the
Hay-Pauncefote treaty does not neces?
sarily include the United States and
that it i: entirely competent for the
government to treat its own shipping
differently from that of other mari?
time nations so far as the canal Is
Important chapters in the history of
the negotiations that led up to the
confirmatin of the Hay-Pauncefote
treaty, which were either overlooked
or omitted In the discussion of this
Important feature in the British note,
are also believed to be included In
the American presentation. It gen?
erally Is regarded as certain that suf?
ficient new matter has been Injected
into the negotiations to warrant their
continuance for some time before the
principals are brought to the neces?
sity of final decision upon the question
of whether the issues shall be submit?
ted to arbitration. Unless both par?
ties should decide to abandon the mails
in favor of direct cable communica?
tion, it is evident that this point can
not be reached in the six weeks re?
maining of the life of the present
TO ATTEND COTTON HEARING.
Copt. Smytll and Other Well known
Southern Men in Washington for
Washington, Jan. 21.?Capt. Ellison
\. Smyth of Greenville, with several
other well known Southern cotton
mill men. arrived here today to at
tend the hearing before the house
ways and means committee tomorrow
on the cotton schedule.
This will. In all probability, be one
of the most Important of nil the
tariff hearings from a Southern stand
The Bumter exhlbll in the Arcade
should be visited by cver> Sunder man
who attends the National Corn Show
In Columbia, The exhlbll will be as
Interesting and ai great a revelation
to Sumt< r p? ople as to the Btranger*
I i u oi us realise the variety and < \
lent of the manufactured and natur?
al products of Bumter County.
Are you going to Columb a with :
I Bumter boosters next week?
CROP ROTATION PRIZES.
BANK OF SUMTER BETS ASIDE
$?oo FOR THIS PURPOSE
Rotation and Boll Building Experi?
ment, I nder Practical Conditions,
Extending Over Period of Three
Years in Co-oi>oraiioii With Farm
Demonstration Work of Depart?
ment of Agriculture.
The directors of the Hank of Sum
ter at a recent meeting voted to set
aside $200 a year for three years for
the purpose of encouraging the farm?
ers of Sumter County tr> conduct, un?
der the direction of the agents of the
Farm Demonstration bureau of the
Department of Agriculture, a prac?
tical experiment in crop rotation and
soil improvement. The plan adopted
is for a three year rotation and exact
record will be kept bo that the results
may be known accurately. It Is a
known fact, proven by similar ex?
periments in this and other States,
that systematic crop rotation, intel?
ligently conducted results in larger
crops at less cost and that the land
so cropped steadily improvea in fer?
tility and in value. It is hoped that
a large number of farmers will be in?
terested in this undertaking and
that the next result will be increased
yields, greater profits and more fer?
tile farming lands throughout Sum?
The following correspondence is
The Bank of Sumter,
Sumter, S. C.
January 21st, 1913.
Mr. L* U Baker,
Biahopvllle, S. C.
Realizing that the expense of fer- j
tilization falls more heavily on the j
farmer than any other Item, and
knowing that soil building is necessary |
for successful farming, that the in?
creased coat of living and the neces?
sities of life require more money to be
! made out of the soil, and realizing
that the foundation of all business
success in the South Is dependent up?
on agriculture, the Directors of the
Bank of Sumter have determined to
encourage it In even aray within
their power. They desire to co-op?
erate with the United States Depart?
ment of Agriculture through the farm
demonstration work. and Clemson
College. In their efforts to this end,
the Bank of sumter offers $200.00 In
1 prizes to the farmers of Sumter Coun
I ty for rotation and diversification of
crops, with soil building as a natural
result. tO be awarded annually for
the years 1913, 1914, 1915, under
such rules and regulations as shall be
prescribed by the state, district and
local agents of the farm demonstra?
1 desire that you will take up this
matter, and give us your assistance
in it. Very truly yours,
RICHARD [. MANNING,
President, The Dank of Sumter.
I'. S. We expect to aid and en?
courage Stock raising and propobly
tobacco growing by offering prizes
when conditions will permit.
Ii. [, Manning.
To The Farmers of Sumter County.
We desire to call your attention to
the above letter received from Mr.
R. [, Manning, President of The Dank
of Sumter, informing us of the action
of that Bank In giving 1200.00 to be
awarded in prizes to the farmers of
Sumter County engaged In the rota?
tion of crops under the direction of
the farm demonstration work. This
action on the part of the official! of
this I tank is va ry commendable, and
shows that they realise the Importance
of improved agriculture, and are will?
ing to assist the farmers in building
up and maintaining the fertility of
the soil of our county.
in compliance with the terms ex?
pressed in this letter, we hive d.
elded to ' her this amount In foul
prizes, to the farmers .>i" Sumter
County v. ho will enlist a^ demon?
strators, and agree to put on and
conduct a three year rotation on n??l
less than ihr. acres < t Ian 1 as ''< I?
One acre to be planted In corn and
I ine acre t.. be phi no -i In cotton
and cover < i.'i'
One a< 1 ? i<> t . panted 1 n oats 1 ? I
lowed b) p? a -.
We will giv< >?> ? ' 1 tlrsl prise 1?
the farmer mal inn the m? I ol tlv ?
crops and I "" ? ? ? '?nd c
Ihe farmer 111 il ing second largest
crop, on the thrc< a res of laud. W<
will also givi $61. a* ill I priz? h
1 p.. farm**! 1 in I he largest ? ro|
.?n j hot. three u< es ol land al th.
THE JUDGES ELECTED.
W L, GLAZE IN FIRST CIRCUIT,
EARNEST GARY IN FIFTH.
Joint A-m bly Mode Short Work of
Judicial Flections?Three Ballote
Necesnnry to Choice?First Circuit,
W. L. Glnoe of Orangeburg Winning
?Judge Gary llad no Opitosition.
Special to Daily 'em.
Columbia, J* 22.?The joint
assembly m ^ noon to hold
elections. ' jr ate v%as as follows:
For judge ?V i First Circuit, on the
first baP J. Dennis, of Berkeley
46; P. idebrand, of Orangeburg
43; y 0 jnnor, of St. George 28; W.
L. r ^ of Orangeburg 30; Octavius
C* jf -f Berkeley, 16; necessary to a
81. Mr. Cohen was with
econd ballot Judge First Circuit,
Inldebrand 33; Dennis 63; Glaze 53;
Connor 24; necessary to choice 82.
Hildebrand and Connor were with?
Third ballot Glaze defeats Dennis
by vote of 87 to 72. Judge Ernest
Gary of the Fifth Circuit, who was
unopposed, was re-elected.
FIGHT THE SWELLING STREAM.
Men in Charge of Iicvec l*rotecction
Report Some Progress in Mississippi
Yieksburg, Miss., Jan. 21.?Col.
Townsend, president of the Missis?
sippi flood commision, gave personal
attention yesterday' to increasing the
government forces at the Bethel levee
and left Greenville tonight for the
Hymelia crevasse levee near New Or?
Maj. J. A. Woodruff, engineer in
charge of the third district, reported
progress at Beulah and Lake Jeffer?
OHIO IS RECEDING.
Fall of River Expected to Ik-come
Evanavtlle, Ind., Jan. 21.?The
' )hio river is slowly receding and to?
night registers 4 6.3 feet, a decline of
four-tenths of a foot from the high
mark. By tomorrow the fall is ex?
pected to DC more rapid.
The relief appropriated by the city
council will not be available for a
w ?? k and refugees are being provided
fi r by citizens.
FA KM ASSOCIATION MEETING.
Xationnl O ganitaJon ?::' Management
Experts Assembles in Washington
for Three Days' Session.
Washington, Jan 21.?The Xationaf
Farm Management sseorletlon con
vened here today for a three days'
session. Delegates spent the day list?
ening to reports and addesses by
Willett M. Hays, assistant secretary
of agriculture, and Prof. B. T. Gal?
loway, chief of the bureau of plant
industrx of the department Of agri?
W. J. Bptllman, chief of the bureau
of farm management, department of
agriculture, tonight delivered the
president's annual addr< ss.
Real Estate Transfer?.
Lizzie Brown and Robert Brown to
B. D. Peterson, lot in Bumter town?
Marguerite A. Cuttino to Arthur J.
Knight, lot on Hampton avenue. $4,
Franklin It. Mi kell, et al, to Mar?
guerite A. Cuttino. lot on corner
Hampton avenue and Marvin treet.
a. C, Weatherty to Annie L, Clea
por, lots on Council and Dingle streets,
Master to H. H. Terry and B. a.
Terry, one-fourth undivided Interest
in tract ot l:'. : acre* on Plowden Mill
M-s Buletn Ketgler to Arthur J.
Jones, right, t. le and Interest in
100 1.7 acres In county. $5 and other
Vou may not h< ar much about the
i'mv Manager, bui Mr. Worthington is
working an l tl Its will speak
for t heiiiH? Ive*
least cost, and $35.04 as second prise
to the farmer making the second 1 arg?
. ?| crop on the three acres of land,
wit h ? oi? least ?'(>st.
v\. will publish latter complete
mien governing tins contest. Fol
further particulars s? e either of the
uuti? rslgm d
I 1. I'ak. i .
I ?1st ri- I V gen<
M, Fi ank Willi tms,
i .< ?> al Agent
xml | txt