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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 29, 1913, Image 1

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Till-: s| MM It WVIVIIMW, I (MhlNltCSj A4al! 18.-.U.
CoDoOlidated Auk. 3,1881.
Be Just and I'car nol?Lei all the ends Hum Alms'l at be thy Country's, Thy God's and Truth1
STJMTER, 3. 0., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 29, 1913.
THE TH?K SOUTHKON, rwWMwi Jim.'. 1MI
Vol. XXXV. No. 46.
COHOIIION IN f LOOO DISTRICT.
w:\i.i\f * it* :i ih ?i i.i.i i i -
Fond}* To ici r Mil i- wi U.I.n.
Oflkvr 1I<?im ?* hy Toda> to Have Flt
|afs i.\ mi Hlui|m? to Withstand
Vlcksburg Miss. Jan .'?:.? Heavy
rains continued today in the lower
Mississippi valle* and federal and
State engineer* have redoubled their
efforts to repair and strengthen their
lottos,alJng the bis; river and pre?
vent another crevasse. MaJ. J. A.
Woodruff. In charge of the third fed?
eral levee district, stated tonight that
prospects of tlelng the ends of the
Beu.ah crevasse are favorable and by
tomorrow, he said, he hoped to have
the Fitter's levee in shape to with
Stand the expected further rise in the
river.
Tomorrow oitlsen*' mass meetings
v ?? held In Greenville, VlcJUburg
and other Mississippi cities to con
sld?T plans for the relief of the peo?
ple who will be made homeless as a
ressjtt of the Iteulah crev<?_?se.
?3sfl *0 D. Towns* nd. president of
toe Mississippi commission will meet
woodruff and other army eh
gineers at the Heulah crevasse Mon?
day to consider the feasibility of tie
lag the ends of that break and to
map oat'a definite plan of action
with regard to tba general levee sit?
uation. The Mississippi rose seven
teaths of a foot here today.
TO vi KVFY < OMUTIoNs
Capi. I lb.a, Arrives at Fvansvllle,
Indiana.
I Evsnsvlile, Ind.. Jan. 26.?Capt.
William Killott. assistant to the do
pat quartermaster of the United
,4tat*e arm> at St. Louis, Mo., ar
Hved In Evansvllle today under as
fjssjuaant from MaJ. lien. Wood to
astrvsy food conditions in this vici?
nity and to furnish any relief from
federal resource* that may be need?
ed. He has authority to draw upon
army fun da
f Th* se*i*nm*nt came In response
fo appeals from Kentuc\y and R< i -
? lentatlves A. I>. Stanley's proposal
hi the house Friday for $1.000.000
appropriation for flood relief.
CspL Elliott spent the afternoon
with Mayor Hellman and other Hood
relief workers who ar'. familiar with
conditions In the Evansvllle distr.v'
Mayor Hellman believes that feder?
al aid will most acceptable be made
In the Ashhurg. the Walnut bottom
and I'nlontown districts, 60 miles be?
low Evansvllle, In Kentucky. Cant.
Ellio t will also go to Shawneetown.
B . before be returns to St. Louis.
Capt. Elliott spent two months in
flood relief work on the lower Miss?
issippi river hurt spring.
The expected rise In the river
here today did not materialise. The
uprlver rains merely checked the
rate of fall.
G\l? IS WIM MM. SLOWLY.
\ftrr IteaehtiiK 125 Feet Frogrt*** of
t reissM' Is Slow.
Oreenville, Miss., Jan. 26.?At a
late hour this evening the crevasse
In the Heulah levee was widening
Tory slowly after having reached a
width of 125 feet. It is pouring out
at a depth of six feet of water. Ti | I
service on tho Itiverslde division of
the Yasoo and Mississippi Valley
railroad, running within a few miles
of the iteulah levee had not been in?
terrupted. It Is not believed any
Pves have been lost as the water is
spreading \ery slowly, filling up the
depressions and the natural streams.
The planters In the Oogue Phalla
basin ha\e been preparing for the
emergency and little loss of sto< k
and cattle Is ntlcl, ated.
JCfforts will be made p. ti.- the ciiiN
ofathe |e\ee Jit the peak, lind us
the Rvee IS constructed of Stiff bll i.
shot earth the belief Is expressed
that the rre\asse will not widen to
anv great extent The serious fea?
ture of tb. I ieak M the fact that.
coming thl* early the chances are
that It csn not be closed during the
high water season which may last
until May. and the expense of earing
for sfo? k are! Iiborintbe overlloWdt 1
-..?Ion for two or Ihre, month- will
h? h? ?v
HJ M||?| \ rs PL.%1 MAfl
Nou< ste*'k and Srffes la High
Ground
\|. o.phis Tenn , I M I ds?
patch*? racerred laalsjhl fron, Modoo,
Ark., report residents of that vl< nltj
moving their stock to. hither grounds
und building r<f?< M pn ? .niti-.na. .
measures notwlfh-tandllig the Bjl
gsjiwe of the United States sngdaeen
COTTON PRICES_UVAKG?.
HAMM I w IS \i kv ACTIVE \m>
i \? i I i i?.
I hm Mom r??r tht* Dnj Were From
Fourpvn |0 Twent>-?i\ Point?, Net
IHglssr
XeW York, .lun. 21.?The cotton
market was very active today with a
hl? opening break followed by an ex?
tremely rapid advan ?? and with the
close linn at a net gain at from 1 1
to 26 points.
The market started easy at a de
llne of 11 to 15 points under heavy
general selling and in sympathy with
weak Liverpool oablee. Report
of dissension In Turkey which might
prolong the Balkan trouble Wal evi?
dently a \cry disturbing feature, both
here and in the Hnglish markets. The
cables were about 30 American points
low and prices attributed the break to
heavy continenal selling induced by
lees favorable politics.
Houses wHh continental connections
were also sellers here, but at the de?
cline to 11.90 for March, or about
47 points from the high level of yes?
terday the market met a very active
demand. Leading spot brokers ap?
peared around the ring with heavy
buying orders while there seemed a
no re or less general . inclination to
tuke prollts and prices very soon re?
covered their loss.
Around the closing figures of last
night there was some hesitation, but
only slight recessions occurred with
I tho market Later developing increased
strength on continued covering by
both local and Southern shorts. Re?
ports that the new Turkish govern?
ment had reopened peace negotia?
tions and bullish week-end figures
seemed to stimulate the demand and
before the close March contracts sold
at 11.35, or 35 points up. Last prices
were within a point or two of the top.
Roys to <iO TO COLUMBIA,
Three Members of Roys' Corn Club
of County to Spend Week at Corn
Show.
Messrs. Richard Wells, Cooley
Olllis and Edwin Miller, three mem?
bers of the Sumter County Hoya Corn
Club, have gone to Columbia to spend
the week at the Fifth National Corn
Show. The boys while there will
attend the school of instruction for
boys, and will be taken around to
see all of the sights of the exposition
and the city.
The other members of the Corn
Club will go over Friday to spend a
couple of days. The boys who are
going are expecting a big time as
well as the pleasure of learning a
great many things which they did
not know before.
\nothi:r mi:ss\<.i: from
rlfasf.
LntlOff In K< pi v to Senator Tlllman
KecelveSl,
Columbia, Jan 'J7.?A message
from tho Governor transmitting h's
reply to Senator Tillmans letter of
last August was received and order?
ed printed in the Journal. This let?
ter was published last September in
tbe Press
that the levee at that point can With
m I all the water now in sight. At
IfOdOC and Ferguson, south <f He?
lena, Ark., the crevasses of last
spring have not peon completely
closed.
No alarm is felt at other points in
this district.
A slight rise Srai repotted today at
all points south of Cairo. At Mem
phut the statce at 7 o'clock tonight
was lt*S, a rise of one-half in 1J
hours. Pnduenh reported a fall of
ono?tonth and, with the , xceptlon of
Parksburg. Where the river rose
three-tenths, the Ohio Is falling. Tin
tributaries of th- Mississippi are ris?
ing.
< >hio River at Stand.
Washington. Jan. If.?The Ohio
n\er is aenrly at a stand at Cairo,
according to the weather bureau re?
port* tonight, ? singe et' |8.l feet
having licen recorded Hunday morn?
ing, a rbs of Iwn feel in It hours.
No changes from previous forecasts
arc Indicated at present,
Ralrna] Pom^l Stop
Calfo, III . Jan. 24, The ?dii,, river
remained station?r] loday bul re
ports of widespread damage, both
not th and lOUth "i I 'ulro, * is re
,, i pd 'Ii'* ' fotton Bell rail a ay n as
forced le suspend trains between
Bird's P.an? and Maiden At Ibud. r
son Mounda Mo., ?in track was cov?
, r- d b% two feel of water.
fekV HE DOESN'T MINI) JELLING
i ilBLATCRE WHAT TO l><>.
Bon ;< i Kay* Adlon on This Question
\\ 111 Be i? si of (icneml laseiiibly's
Mettle.
Washington, Jan. 25.? Declaring
that ' it la the hit dog that howls,"
and that some o'. the rocks he threw
hud hii certain railroad lawyeri in
the & neral aaaenibly of South Caro?
lina and started them to yelping,
Senator Tillman today issued another
Interesting statement regarding mat?
ters in the legislature In which he
says:
"I have read with much Interest in
yesterday's South Carolina papers
th.' Rem be rt resolution offered in the
house and passed by it. calling < n me
to produce the evidence in suport
of the charges of corruption in this
legislative body.
"I have also seen statements in the
papers of what this and that senator
and member had to say about the
matter. Some claim I have 'ins lted'
the legislature and objected to tho
publication of my reply to Bleab?' in
the journal.
"All of these things have amused
me very much, because I remember
"having used an expression long ago
which Is ap dleable in this case. 'It
Is the hit dog that howls.'
"I threw the rock In the discharge
of my duty as I thougn., and, behold,
the railroad attorneys i-i the general
assembly began howling at once.
I Why? They must be hit; that is,
jthey must feel under suspicion and
are howling to attract attention to
their patriotism and superior virtue.
Their indignation is pathetic.
"Now, let us see what I have done.
In the letter to Mr. Bailey, written
last August, just before the primary
and in the answer to Blease, I spoke
In general terms about the general
assembly and the way it has been in?
fluenced by the railroad attorneys In?
side of it and. out of it. My warning
to this general assembly is certainly
permissible, because I wanted to put
Tt'on notice* that the people areTook -
lng and watching and expect them to
do better than their predecessors. No
member of the house, as I can see,
has any right to complain at all, ex?
cept a few old ones, and there are
not many of those.
The hold-over senators in the leg?
islature are the only men who can
by legitimately aggrieved, and they
ought to beware Of trying to defend
their predecessors unless they are
able to prove that those predecessors,
In their votes, have not been Influenc?
ed by Ben Abney and other railroad
lawyers.
"This Is not the Hrst time I have
criticised the legislature about rail
road matters, nor is it the first time
that State senators have criticised me
for my utterances. It is not the first
time that Senator Tillman has 'in?
sulted' the legislature, nor will it be
the last, if he lives long enough and
it keeps on doing as it has done. The
people of South Carolina will retire
any man they have selected for of
flce when they come to believe that
he is corrupt or corruptible. At least
that is my belief.
"I have boasted In my lectures in
the North that there is not enough
money In Wall Street to buy South
Carolina, and i believed it to be true.
I still believe it to be true, but public
morals in the State have rapidly
grown bad In the last ten years and
I am coming to doubt whether my
boast could now be made and sus?
tained.
"We Will see the temper of the
general assembly by its action In
purifying and protecting the primary,
"it has the opportunity to lift
the State out of the SlOUgh Of de?
spond and disgrace in which it now
wallows What will it do?
"Until the senate passes the resolu?
tion, i will not answer it officially,
and will not have mote to say until
l hear further from Columbia."
WITH THE LE4?ISI..\TVHE.
supplier f,,i Institutions Musi Be
Hough! in Open Market.
Special to The i lally l lern,
Columbia, Jan '?1 Tie bouse pass?
ed in iiuid reading a bill requiring
all regular supplies for State, Coun?
ty ami Municipal Institution* to he
bought in ' im ii market after adver?
tisinu In i be ti" w pa pi rs
\eu- dt o ? utt Inn scrape on ? be
out Kin-, of I he rlt> Sttndaj In which
a negro woman cul h negro man
nearly lo deuth hai been reported
but no confirmation could i" obtali
ed from ihe sie riff ofllce,
WILL KOT RUIN BUSINESS.
\))KHWOOI) POINTS Ol V THA T
Mis COMMITTEE II AS DUE
REGARD FOR BUSINESS.
IndicotcH That Competitive Character
Will Xoi Mean Razing of Rates
Such us to Disturb Business Prop?
erty of Country,
Washington, Jan. 24.?<'hainr.au
j Underwood of the house committee
I on ways an I means announced em
1 phatlcally at 'he tariff bearing to
I day that there was no intention of
! cutting rates of duty so low along
I competitive lines as to ruin the busi?
ness of the country. He took excep- j
tions to intimations he attributed to
Republican members that the Demo
I cratic majority of the committee ,
I '
purposed to make rates that would
disturb business prosperity.
"I deny that there are any such in
| tentions," he declared, follow ing re?
marks of Representative Payne, rank?
ing Republican member of the com- j
I mittee.
j The committee which heard testi?
mony of many manufacturers and im?
porters on the llax, hemp and jute
schedules was not disposed to ques?
tion the competitive character and
luxury classification of many of the
laces, embroideries and other articles
in the schedule. Mr. Underwood took
occasion to agree with some of them
that their competitive status seemed
to have been sustained, which is in
favor of approximately the same
ratea on many items.
The entire schedule is one of the
most profitable in the whole tariff
scheme and produced last year more
than $4P ?00,000 revenue, with duties
amounting above 4 5 per cent ad val?
orem. Some of these articles will be
reduced to stimulate competition
and bring revenue.
The Manila export tax on Manila
hemp was questioned by the commit?
tee when the subject was brought up
by Edward O. Metcalf of Auburn, N.
Y., a rope manufacturer. Mr. Met?
calf said the duty was a relic of the
Sp^gfi regime in the Phillippines q,nd
the refund allowed' importers in this'
country operates to the benefit of the
American consumers. Mr. Under?
wood criticised it as a bad law. It
was suggested that an export law any?
way was not in keeping with the spir?
it of the American constitution.
CAMPAIGN TO GET EXPOSITION.
I St Louis First Citv t<? Make Offer for
Sixth Annual Corn Show.
From the State:
St. !>>uis wants to be the scene of
the sixth National Corn exposition
The desire of that city to have the
next holding Of the great agricultural
event which takes place here the
coming two weeks. beginning this
morning at 9 o'clock, Is evidenced
by the fact that the St. Louis con?
vention's bureau has a man on the
job already. He is Thomas L. Can?
non, manager of the bureau, and is
here, according to his statement yes?
terday, to investigate the conditions
of the exposition for the purpose of
determining whether or not arrange?
ments can be made to carry it to St.
Louis for next year.
The appeal is made from the
standpoint that St. Louis is in the
midst of a great agricultural belt,
and the need is felt for an event of
this kind to stimulate the agricultural
Industries with the result of an in
crease of crop production, with its
accompanying benefits to that iec
tlon.
The eity of St. Lois, says Mr. Can?
non, is fully capable of taking rare
of the exposition. He stated yester?
day that the city had . :x plac es am?
ply capable of accomodating it, and
that 260,000 additional people could
be accommodated during the exposi?
tion period.
it la not known when the announce?
ment will be made as to 'in- location
of the sixth National Corn exposl
i ion.
Marriage License Record.
Marriage licenses were Issued Sat?
urday to John Wesb y Allen and
Neely Ludd of Providence; Banders
Oliver and Minnie Singleton of Sum
ler, and George June-- and l!li/i
. beth Bradford, of Privateer.
The < onl Inued a irm a eat In r of
the p;i i tea weeks has mad. the
v lob ts bloom as m \ i r before, and
now everybody who has n violel bed
has more of the beautiful sweel little
h|.a h than they know what to do
wlth or nearly so.
ALLIES l? ENOtjEGOIIiriOHS;
COMMITTEE is APPOINTED TO I
DRAFT NOTE TO 1 CRKEY
EXPLAINING THE MOVE
Consideration Embraced Two Distinct
Views, One Favoring Immediate
Rupture of Conference Leading to
War.
London, Jan. 26.?The Balkan
plenlpotentiariei who have received
full powers from their respective
governments, appointed a committee
today to draft a not?: to th.' Turkish
plenipotentiaries explaining why the
peace conference must now be con?
sidered broken ob'. It is hoped the
draft will be ready for approval by
the full delegation Monday night.
This action of the allies is pa?
of a series of well considered to*
of pressure with which the Ba\
delegates hope to obtain their ob?
ject without resuming the war.
The meeting today lasted for an
"hour and a half and the course to
be followed was decided upon.
Two distinct views were manifested
?one for the immediate rupture of
the negotiations, leading to a re?
sumption of the war, and the other
favoring a temporizing policy in or?
der to avoid irrevocable steps. The
latter course triumphed and a com?
mittee was appointed consisting of
one member from each delegation as
follows:
Michael Madjaroff, Bulgarian min?
ister at London; Prof. Georgios
Streit, Greek minister to Austria
Hungary; Count Voynovitch, chief of
King Nicholas' cabinet, representing
Montenegro, and Dr. M. R. Vesnitch,
Servian minister to France, with the
addition of M. Politis of the Greek
delegation, owing to his knowledge of
French and his through acquaintance
With international law.
General lines were laid down on
which the note is to be drafted com?
prising the arguments already set
forth many times as to why the
league demands the surrender of
Adrianople and the Aegean inlands
as an indispensable condition to. the
conclusion of' peace\ ^
That the policy of the allies is to
I gain time is patent and does not de?
ceive anybody. The delegates decided
that the advantages to be derived
from the resumption of hostilltlei
would be in proportion to the risks
I they ran and that they would not
take that step unless absolutely forc?
ed to do so. It is realized that eve n
a partial reverse would have grave
j moral and material consequences,
apart from the loss of thousands
men.
in the addition the fact is not over?
looked that, tiure is danger of (tou?
rnante advancing from the rear and
of Austria imposing on Servia and
Montenegro her condition! for re?
maining neutral. The only disadvan?
tage In delaying decisive action is
In keeping large armies inactive and
on a war footing for a long time,
thus heavily taxing both the financial
and agricultural resources of the
countries.
THE KILLING OF NAZIM PASHA.
Dispatches From Constantinople In?
dicate That Killing of War Minister
Not Unpremeditated.
London, Jan. 27?Uncensored Con?
stantinople dispatches received In
London confirm the previous ac?
counts of the revolt against the gov?
ernment and the shooting of the war
minister Naslm Pasha.
The dispatches added little to the
details already known, but state
that the autopsy on the officers kill?
ed disclosed that the bodies bore dag?
ger wounds, as well as bullet wounds,
thus throwing doubt on the assertion
that the killing was unpremeditated,
According to the Daily Mail the
Balkan ultimatum to Turkey will give
four days grace to enable the powers
to ?ie\: e any possible means to bring
pressure upon the porte.
The Daily Mail also pays that Col.
Joatoff, chief of staff of the Bulgar?
ian army before Tchatalja, who is
now acting as military adviser to the
peace mission, will leave London for
the front tomorrow and thai all the
powers, including Itussia and Aus?
tria, have given assurance that Ihe
hostilities shall be limited to the
Balkan Blate and Turkey.
Ti > VW JUDGES \\\ l> \>
ib mh.ii mil |?n?Mcd Honda* Morn
inii \ftcr lrf>ng Donate.
Columbia, Jan 27.?-A long ilebab
on i be lb ait- 11 bill to provide :i i ?
dam for Judges while holding court
resulted In Its pas sag* ? th amend
ments redu< ing the expense mom j lo
%:\ a day, payable ?'\ the Stab
TO iOIEHTISE THEiB CITIES.
**IX SOUTH < AKOI.IW PLACES TO
ESTABLISH- l PICES.
Besides Columbia, Rock II?. George?
t??u<i. i liaricftton, Sumti r, rrpnitnn -
burg and Florence to be In Aoado.
Columbia, Jan. 27.-?With the pur?
pose of advert iseing their cities
and telling the vlsi' to the Nation?
al Coin Expositi' th< advantages
to be found i? .h Carolina, six
cities of thir ?. besides Columbia,
will have ^r**ber of Commerce of
fices in **' Arcade building. These
will b barge of men who arc
anx' q o give information and want
? ?? ^ visitor to call and be told and
>y n.
- i om the information received yes
v' rday, Hock Hill, Florence, Spar?
ta nburg. v harleston, Sumter and
Georgetown are sure to be here with
bi lls on, and there are probably other
eitles that will be represented. The
Columbia Chamber of Commerce of?
fice wil'. of corrse be in full bloom
during the exposition and will be
more than Had to tell visitors of thi9
city and to give any information pos?
sible.
RA1LRO I)S WILL ARBITRATE.
Deny Contrary Assertion by Firemen
Who \rc Taking Strike Vote.
New Y k, Jan. 26.?Reiteration of
their wil: aigness to submit to arbi?
tration the demands of thtdr loco
motive Bremen for increased wages
and bette- working condit'.ons is con?
tained in a statement issued today
on behali of 54 Eastern railroads.
The 30,0? 0 members of the Brother?
hood of Locomotive Firemen and
Enginemcn employed by these roads
after the suspension recently of pro
tracted .egotiations between their
representatives and a committee of
managers, are taking a strike vote.
In their statement today the rail?
roads take exception to a quoted
statement by representatives of the
fiv men 'hat their report of the re
Bbnt conferences contained evidenco
'that the responsibility for a failure
to arbitrate all matters in contro?
versy (and thus avoid the turmoU
incidental to a strike ballot and the
distress that must result from a
strike) rests upon the railroads and
not upon the locomotive firemen."
In reply the roads declare they
have signified to the men a willing
ness "t ? grant certain increases of
wages" and to apply to the firemen
the conclusions of the arbitration
board which settled the recent dif?
ferences between the roads and their
engineers. In addition the statement
declared:
"The railroads are prepared ta
arbitrate the present case indepen?
dently by a board of five or seven
men appointed by some disinterested
authorities such as Chief Justice
White ot the United States court and
Pr. C. P. Neill. United States Com?
missioner of labor, as was done in
the eng leer's case." +?
The statement was sent out by
Elisha Lee, chairman of the mana?
gers committee on the roads.
The b.-eak in the negotiations be?
tween the firemen and the roads, it
was generally understood, came
through differences as to the method
of arbitration. Both sides indorsed
the priti' iple but the roads declared
in favor of a board similar to that
V hich decided last year the dispute
Of the engineers while the firemen
insisted that arbitration under the
Kidman law was the proper course.
BRIIM.l. OPENED FOR TRAFFIC.
Dingle's Mill Battle Memorial Tablet
to Be Erected This Week.
The it, w concrete bridge at I>in
gle's Mill nn as opened for traffic
Monday morning and will prove one
of the best bridges In the county
from new on The bridge is the only
full concrete bridge In the county
and wns erected at the earnest solic?
itation of the United Daughters of
the Confederacy, who long wanted
the site of the battle gTOUn 1 mark?
ed.
The im nn : a' i let arrived in
the rit> la**! week and was taken
out ;?> I>ingle'a Mill Monday morn?
ing, here it will be erected later this
week I rof. Homes, who has been
supervising the work on the bridge
is expe< d In the - It} Tu. sdi j 01
Wi ilnesdaj to look afp r th< en lion
.-r the t. biet.
The 11 ? nib, r? r?f 11 1 i tnderson
1 'h.ii>t? r 1'tut. d Daiighti rs o( th<
Confedei i< \ vill hold ttu nv< Hing
exercise^ with 11 ropriati ceremon?
ies in And on th< annlversa \ ol th**
b ittle

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