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MAY MEAN MORE WAR.
Miii larrm < h ?hoi i brucqi
\iuh r MOOT i TI or MB*
m win w Ml.
I i i lo lurkl-h Plenipotentiaries.
I all of K i.mi. I l'*>ll* I.<?um*. I'p
With I im \|h??(?mI Oiutnout Po-.-t
bltitie* In It* I r.iiit
Ix>ndon. Jan. *1.?To the ambassa
don of the powers, who were mn
gratulatlng themselves that the con
ference virtually had settled the war;
to the delegates of the Halkan states,
snd to all I^ondon. except the Tur?
kish plenlpotenti. -i.the news of the
resignation of Klamil Pasha and the
M i "intin* nt of Mahmotid Shefket
Pasha to th? grand vislerate came as
Whether this roe ins war to a finish
with the Young Turks in the saddle
or merely is another exhibition of the
resources of Turkish diplomacy, none
can say. nor can any one definitely
predict whether the powers will at?
tempt to coerce Turkey Into making
peace, jt stand as spectators while
events take their course.
Delegates have cherished the con?
viction that abandonment of Adrlan
?ple by the ministry would bring a
Toung Turk cabinet into power. The
fact that Shefket Pasha has been ap?
pointed grand visier while Talaat Bey.
who Is a prominent member of the
Toung Turk committee and deputy
for Adrianople, has beer made min?
ister of the Interior, is significant.
The Young Turks have labored
vallanJy for some time to regain
power; their activity among army of?
ficers has been great and prominent
soldiers who recently returned from
Tripoli and Joined the Tchataija army
are largely responsible for the revolu?
tion of feeling.
Whether the advent of the Young
Turk ministry means that the Otto- i
mans will make a last fight with their ?
backs u the wall depends upon the i
amount of support the Young Turks
*r* able to command In the army.
Delegates of the allies received the
news with expressions of anger and
sarcasm. Some offered the opinion
that the Constantinople coup was a
prearranged comedy?that Shefket
Pasha did not participate in the grand
council because he knew that he
would succeed Klamil Pasha. They
ohafe more angrily under each suc
?Mflsive ielaj whlc'i wilt place (half
Countries more and more, as they say,
"lt\ the po'*? r of th*? money lenders
af L's Buropean hours** " *
And that Is the condition th<?y Iread
beyond all others as tending to under?
mine independence of their klng
doma They cherish the hope and be?
lief that If the war Is resumed M.
aasonorY? recent declarations to tho
Turkish ambassador will Insure Rus?
sia's appearance on the stage In the ;
aale of .o tive Interl ent ion. They
think that Russian action would not
lasst to a European war but result
In complete dlsnv mberment of the
The beginning of an agreement on
this subject is said already to exist
among the asss/afl which gradually
are gaining the idea that suppression
of Turkey would mean extinguishing
of a source of constant disturbance to
p?-?ue. The Mob um-.hsM mm a rule
are rmt reluctant to accept foreign
and i dominion Instead of
shaotlc Turkish government. Still
those u i best acquainted with
the Turkish system think the Ratest
move alms not at resumption of war J
but at better conditions from a des
esrste attaall an
i sj i ?uneff. head of the Bulgarian
delegation, shares this belief. ?S
said t< I gist:
?*We sTMSfl have patience la deal?
ing with oriental methods. The
events of today must hi simply an
?ther Strategie rm.\e to re eh a cer?
The oreell aetesjates ohaerved thai
their rountry must be congratulated
on refusing t > adhere la the armis
tle hs the Turks have shown they
eouhl net hi IftSitSl while today s 00?
currenc. s. the Greeks Mrged, are tan?
gible proof that tb. \ ? . \ ? 10 hi
kiv< n aa qaaru r.
i ?n.- . f the fervtan deleejatee, speak*
tnn f?*r all. said
?We wie satisfied i?-.t algal; w*
are sorry tonight ?"it onlv for Tur?
key, wheat ba<i.ng men evidently de
not r? alias, iio exact position ol their
oiiintry t?oth ai honv and from an
Internat iofi.il \ n sj
Tio hfoateasgrlas were loyful es?
rtalsalai if Ihi Turl- mean shal
Hi. v say, this is the aqarrab nt ? ? war
it ahtalnes Ihi cancellation ol all at
Ml. in. i an<
l ir-i to MfeVra in Hotel
Mr. Chart - t Whltb i. s ho a III h
man If* r of the PI ifi m- nt Hotel S
?...a as it op. r,- up and n he Is hei
nor looking if*?r preparatory
r in. ? mo nts, slept la 1 Clare m
Hotel Thursday alhaving I i
ad up i rooss fltf this put i. dui
the day. Hi SJ Ihi ' l" 1 ^'1'1 '
spend a night in Ihi W W hot< I It
to sarnpb it out as I pl.t I fat othi I
to spen i othi v niffhta
BALKAN SITUATION OBSCURE.
M\y DE so.Mi: DAYS BEFORE
m ih i mi nt is REACHED by
st \ ti :s.
Roth Turks ami Alllea Been i>n
im?->. .i tu \\aii Deiisoynirnis Chris?
tian Btntcn IneWned to Give Pone
London, Jan. 14.?Some days must
?lopot before Ihe situaton arising
froni tin- revolution in Constantinople
becomes clear. As far as may be
Judged there is no intention on the
part of the new Turkish government
t<? force matters or to resume hostili?
ties if any reasonable compromise
with the Balkan allies is possible.
A dispatch from Constantinople to?
night says the council of ministers
sit today to discuss the reply they
will make to the note of the powers,
and it is believed this reply, while
insisting on the retention of Adrian
oide by Turkey, will point to these
demonstration as real manifestations
of the national will.
The new government Is finding dif?
ficulty In filling the post of foreign
The portfolio has been offered sev?
eral of the Turkish ambassadors
abroad, but thus far all have de?
clined. Until the ministry is com?
puted, it is probable that no def?
inite steps will be taken.
Developments In the situation are
awaited throughout Europe with the
greatest concern as dange? might arise
through active intervention by Russia.
The Balkan delegates to the peace
conference In London show no desire
for precipitate action They have ac
1 ? pted the advice of the ambassadors
of the powers to await the reply of
the new Turkish government to the
ambassador note before forming any
resolution as to their future proce?
Opinion among the delegates is
greatly divided. Some maintain it is
useless to wait longer in view of de?
velopments at Constantinople which
are considered eloquent proof of the
altitude of the new ministry intends
to take. Others take the view that
It Is Impossible for Enver Bey to be
taken seriotsly. They argue the
Young Turks, who lost power owing
to the absolute unpreparedness of the
country under their regime in the war
with Italy can mt now have the sup?
port of r\ mnlorltv of the people, as
the san. ? un preparedness for irhl h
they w< re ;? p >ns le hni boon fur-1
SheffoY-n-a ' ? ;n <i
with th- Balkar viies.
Naturally the Voting Turk* somi
Of the delegates say, have worked
very hard to regan power. Their ac?
tivity has been especially marked in
the army, but It is not believed the
bulk of the army is ready to support
As a whole, the allies intend, if
possible, to wait for Turkey's reply to
the powers and if it is unsatisfac?
tory to present an ultimatum to the
Turkish delegates demanding a cate?
gorical answer concerning the dispo?
sition of Adrianople and the Aegean
Islands. Failing to obtain satisfaction,
the armistbe then will be denounced
and hostilities will be resumed.
The Turkish delegation tonight still
was without instructions from Con?
stantinople. It finds Itself in an em?
barrassing position as lb-chad Pasha
and Bellp Bey are old Turks and
I ?srnan Nizam I PsshS, the other dele
ffSte, is a Young Turk.
MORE WAR FEARED.
Spectre of Conflict Again Descends on
Paris, Jan. l'I.?Th. apprehension
in consequence of the overthrowing ol
Ihe Turkish government. The foreign
offices however, feels that the accord
between Ihe great powers Is so Bran
I hat if the war In the Balkans is re?
sumed it will be confined to its pres?
There was a considerable flurry <?n
the bourse ami prices generally wenl
No DEFINITE PLAN'S.
ltU> ia Has Not Net l?e?ided What l?i
Bt, Petersburg, Jan. J4.?-Russia has
not formulated nny definite policy in
i , , oi th.- n? w situation un nt Con
? tntlnople. Reports published abroad
? i aliened Russian threats to Invade
Asiatic Turkey it peace i- not conclud?
ed ..i<- cntegorlcally denied by the
Turkish ambassador, Financial and
utttrlal ? ii. lea arc les? aff< i led by the
|i nspect of ..n Indefinite |?ostponc?
no ni ol peoci and a probable renew -
i\ of hostilities Is the Balkan than
bj ti.ntlnuntlon ol the Austro
Box i.i tem U?n
HI MOR> < ?I Rl \ ol I llo\
Lond<*n, Jan 81 ^ i 1 " ? s
ti.nt in London, Pari* md Herl
lonlgbl to ih< effeel thai lh< ult
..> T?rke; bad been dethroned and
Th, t.. v , j n.nfirmat Ion of '
rumor and it a as gen< i all] dls< redli
TURMOIL IN CONSTANTINOPLE.
EXCITEMENT SUCCEEDS KIAM1L
tilling of Xaslm and Resignation of
Turkish Cabinel Followed by Dis?
turbances?Leader of Voting T?rke
Announces Warlike Policy to Save
Constantinople, Jan. 24.?-Fighting
has occurred at several places In the
City this morning. A do/on or more
persons have been wounded and many
arrests have been made. Great ex?
citement has followed tln? killing of
Nazim Pasha, the former war minis?
ter and commander of the Turksh
army, who was shot durng public de?
monstrations here last nightt.
Talaat Hey, the new minister of the
interior, informed the P]uropean em?
bassies this morning that all measures
necessary to Insure the security of the
city had been taken. He also ad?
dressed circulars to the provincial
governors explaining the reasons for
the (hange in the government and
calling upon the people to lend their
moral and material aid to the govern?
ment. "We are determined." he said,
"to defend the interests of the coun?
try, now face to face with the pros?
pect of a resumption of hostilities."
Enver Bey, who has taken such a
prominent part in the overthrow of
Kiamil Pasha's cabinet is the popular
hero of the day.
Nazim Pasha, the commander of
the Turkish army, received his death
wound while expostulating with a
crowd of demonstrators for having
become embroiled in a conflict at the
grand vizerate. The official version
of the affray, which is termed a "re
gretable Incident," was issued to?
When the demonstrators, it said,
headed by Enver Bey, one of the lead?
ers of the Young Turk party, pene?
trated to the grand vizierate in an at?
tempt to enter the council chamber,
they were stopped by Fafiz Bey, aide
de camp to the grand vizer, who draw?
ing his revolver, fired a shot at them.
The aid de camp or Nazim Pasha
also fired at the crowd, his bullet
striking Mehemed Nejif, one of the
demonstrators. The demonstrators
replied and Nazim's aide de camp was
Nazim Pasha, who was in the coun?
cil chamber, heard the shots and
rushed outside Faelnr tb*> demon
Irators '.. upbraided them, ralllm
them lll-manntred creatures, While
hs a ? ipeaking a bullet cut ?hort
ll remarks '>r.d he fell dead.
A jseciet poi?ei agent an ?'
tendant of the Dhelk-ul-Islam, head
of the Mohammedan Clergy, also were
The leading unionists of Constanti?
nople declare the shooting of Nazim
was unpremeditated, and much re?
gretted, but under the circumstances
unavoidable. They say the Unionists
bore no ill will toward Nazim, whose
open and soldierly character made
him respected even by political op?
All the old ministers were set at
liberty today and permitted to return
to their homes.
The Turkish government does not
desire a resumption of hostilities, but
tin* European powjrs are even less
anxious to witness a renewal of the
war owing to the danger of possible
complications in Europe. Turkey rea
Haei lo r condition of financial penury
but this condition is chronic to her
and means always can be found for
I ?n the other hand, from a military
standpoint. Turkey is in a better con?
dition than ever to wage war with
advantage, especially as the govern?
ment believes the forces of the allies
are mar the point of exhaustion.
Official circles are confident that
no coercive pressure by the powers
need be apprehended or threats of
Isolated action by Russia taken very
seriously, owing to the possibility of
such action bringing about European
complications, Cnder these circum?
stances it is felt lure that the alllec
may come to realise that Adrlanople
is md Indlspenslble to their wellbelng
and especially when they observe that
;t Is tbe determination of the entire
nation to flghl rather than to sur?
render the holy city.
The scene outside the offices of tin
grand vizier ?ben tin leaders of tin
Voting Turk party urrived there yes
lerday ufteri.n was a very drumath
one, Tli' i' wan i considerable crowi
present and great enthusiasm wai
manifested when some < ne unfurlei
n Hng and waved d.
The exelti no tit hecatm I nsi wie t
Rnvcr Bey, mounted on a whlh
charger, came in view aeeompnnlei
by several Turkish staff officers. A
be dismount* ll bcfoi <? t be door ? n<
made bis request lot an audience wltl
the grand visler, Ihe gates closed ?1
i hough ?? atom 1l< all! Th< comn and
.mi of Constantinoph himself stooi
on guard and refused I ? ? allow an
on" to . nti i ? x< i" i !n> i r I '?? y ?n
Tal mi Bey.
Accompanied bj the eominniidan
i hej \\ ulki d - (might to i he ci un<
e ll a III hi I V In ! e lUOSt of t lie III || t<
I wen aathered and without am pr<
KILLED IN FALLING BUILDING.
V**>Mi:\ AND CHILDREN AMONG
DEAD VXD INJURED.
Ehrhl Persons Killed and Fifteen
Hurt in Collapse of Department
Store Building, Crowded During
"Bargain Sub**?names Add to
Horror of Situation?Many Vic?
tims Crushed, Burned and Suffo
cated?Hundreds Join In Work of
McKinney, Texas, January 23.?The
work of clearing away the wreckage
of the Cheevea Brothers department
store, which collapsed late today, was
abandoned at midnight, the searchers
being convinced there were no more
bodies in the ruins. Mayor H. A.
Finch gave out a statment placing
the dead at eigh .
Fifteen injured were recovered, six
of whom were seriously hurt. The oth?
ers were .only slighti/ injured.
The store had been ciov. ded during
the day by citizens and nearby fami?
lies of farmers attending a bargain
sale According to Vernie Graves, the
only person known to have escaped
uninjured from the falling ruins,
there were fully fifty people In the
building at the time of the catastro?
Cracking of timbers and swaying of
the building were quickly followed by
the collapse. Excitement attending
the accident was increased by the fall?
ing of a two-story building adjoining
the department store.
Rescue work was impeded by the
lack of facilities and practically the
entire male population of McKinney
Joined in fighting the fire and search?
ing the smouldering ruins. News of
the disaster spread quickly and in?
coming interurban lines brought
scores of farmers, who joined in the
Many of those in the ill-fated build
ing when the collapse <rame were
women and children. Their cries
spurred the rescue workers in their
efforts to tear away the burned and
splintered timbers, behind which the
inmates of the building were pinion?
Two persons reached by the rescu?
ers lived only a few moments after
they were taken from the ruins. An
emergency hospital was hastily con?
structed in a nearby building and phy?
sicians from all parts of the town
? ',,,.?> , , -v. g( to render n?^?^?
>? ttlug t I ? 'iuj Itlght.
South Carolina is appreciative ol j
the generous disposition toward the
National Corn Exposition several
times displayed by the esteemed
Montgomery Advertiser, but we must
not let it fall into error through a
misapprehension. The Advertiser
"South Carolina gets this Exposition
because, last year it held the world's
record for corn production per acre.
Rut that was before it became known
that Alabama held that record. In
1912 an Alabama boy broke the
world's record for growing the most
corn at the b ast cost on an acre of
ground. Benny Owene, of Blmore
County, Alabama, grew 237 3-4 bush?
els on an acre."
Hats off and all credit to Benny
< Iwens, who thus exceeded the record
of South Carolina's famous boy corn
grower, Jerry More, by ten bushels.
He has done more for Alabama than
many of her widely heralded sons.
But, esteemed contemporary, please
remember that those contestants were
boys. If Alabama would get into the
running with our adult corn growers
she will have to go several pegs
higher. The world's record for corn
production on an acre is held In South
Carolina. Mr. Drake, of Marlboro
won thai dlatinctlon with a yield of
lt." bushels and three pecks.?Colum?
Lere Minus I Labor.
Lady Vo . se< tu I 1 like my pie9."
Tram.>? lt . de only one I got dis
week dal I c It.'l have to get at wit'
a can a ? ??( 'a pita!
liminaries called upon tin- cabinet t.?
resivn from office.
The th mund seemed to be more or
less expected; for Klamil Pasha im
mcdlatcl) sal down and wrote out his
resignation Knver Bey took it and
proceeded lo Ihe sultan's palace amid
t in eh, ers of tbe crowd.
The sultan at first was disinclined
to accept the resignation as genuine,
but after pending h messenger to the
grand vlstlerate and obtaining con?
firmation, he . ailed for Mnhmoud
Shefket Pnshn and prompt!) appoint?
ed him grn nd visier.
Th? n< a Turkish cabinet Is constl
t nt< .1 a^; follow ? i Irand \ laler ;>n.l
minist < r of war, Muhmoud Shefket
Pasha; ,,,, uhh nt of council of state,
S'nid llallm; im. i lor, Hadji Adll; for
. .-u nffalt 11' mporary ?. Mukhtar
i- ; ni it i . t > huruksula Mahmoud;
lustice, I bra him l\isha; fiance, I tlfaet
i:, ; ; put', works, Hat/aria 1 Iff* ndl;
ploin I nd M?ns, Halrl I 'asha: agrl
, nitut e Djelal 1!ff< ndl; posts, ??skan
iv public Instruction, Shu u i i Pasha
Thoughtful of You. 1
We make your Interests our Interests when you become one of
our depositors, In that we arc anxious to extend you evorj pos
?ible financial accommodation.
l'h<? banking way Is the best way, ..<> come with us now.
THE PEOPLES' BANK
LEST YOU FORGET?4 Per Cent Interest From Day of Deposit.
After One Has Exercised Due
Prudence and Care
In making bis will, as every prop* ny owner should, and In se?
lecting his executor, that Ids roques? may be carefully and strictly
carried through to fulfillment, the iiaportant question is a place to
keep the will.
There is always more or less danger of tiie will being lost or
burned when left around the house. Why not store yours in our
ilreproof vault where it will be absolutely safe?
Patrons of ting bank get this service free of charge.
The First. National Bank.
Statement of the Condition of
The Bank of Sumter,
SUMTER, S. C.
AT THE CLOSE OF BUSINESS JANUARY 10, 19x3.
Loans and Discounts, 647.477.22
Lkmds and stocks, 21,70*5.23
Furniture & Fix. 8,400.4?
Real Estate, 49,468.2-4
Cash in vault, and
in banks, 139,459.76
Capital stock ,
COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF DEPOSITS:
!><?>?? <r. January 10. 1&I2
L>op- Mit*. Tansi.u ? ib.
INCREASE OF $U1,tfT0.o9
We Give the Service all the While
No Business Ever Progressed Far
on its PAST REPUTATION.
It's Merit That Counts.
Come With Us.
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We have just received a shipment of LAN
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5 cent papers. Also a full line of Flower Seeds.
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