Newspaper Page Text
WOULD AVOID ARBITRATION.
UM Kl I \KV k\l>\ |\ i;i PL1 TO
slit n?\\ vith t.iti \ s \on
hartU? i?> I? mI>IN I hat ( IsntlUlSSSJ
<>\?t tt4<\ls<doii i?| roll* I* Mistvpli
bk- i f Settlement IHploniuttc
Means? I'..I m- ??in I ha I Vmcriru
i- in Position 1?. Kc*ttM ! nr Pas
*agc to ships In the loustwi-c
Washington. Jan. 23.?Secretary
Knox* reply to the ltriiiMh protest
against the exemption of American
coastwise shipping from Panama Ca?
nal tolls assures the llritish govern?
ment that dorn* stir coastwise trade
will not be permitted to extend opera?
tions into foreign competitive fields
and that increased tolls will not be
laid on foreign sh'pplng to balam I
the remission to American ships. If
Oreat Hrltlan is not satisfied on these
points Amen i SjfOBSjaea a speci il
commission of adjustment.
The communication Is devoted to
the purpose of reducing to the smallest
po'nt and number the issues upon
which the two governments failed to
agree and as to these?only two?
it is contended that they art entirely
susceptible of adjustment by diplo?
matic means and without recourse to
If this course should not prove ac- >
eeptable to the British government. It >
Is suggested that the whole controver- ,
sy be referred to g jpeclal commission j
of Inquiry, provision for which was
made In the unratltled Knox-Brycc
general arbitration treaty. That con?
vention wan approved by the senate
with an amendment which curtailed
the power of the special commission
of Inquiry to mere Investigation and
r'ivrt and refused to pe'mlt the com?
mission to bind * ither country to a
course of arbitration.
h? "au*? of this amendment. Pres?
ident Taft has so far declined to con?
summate the treaty by exchanging
rstlflration* with the British govern?
To meet the need* of this pr? sent
) Issue. Secretary Knox now offers |t
give life to the treaty by an imme?
diate exchange of ratification, which
would Insure the existence of a gen?
eral arlltratlon treaty between Ameri?
ca an.l Oreat Britain'after the lapse
of the existing Hay-l'auncefote tieaty
June 4. next. As an alternative the
secretary is willing that ? commission
be created for the special purpose
of ascertaining the facts in regard
to the ?fTt'ct upon Itritish shipping
of the Panama canal tolls act and the
president's proclamation fixing the
Much ? f the secretary's argument
rested up?.n the contention that Sir
Kdwaid ?Ire. s protest, i.eing made in
advance of the Issuance of the presi?
dent s proclamation fixing the tolls,
is entirely inapplcable to the c.ntro
j versy In its present state and that as
a mutter of fact, the British conten?
tion rasas upon apprehension ol things
that might happen iii tbe future to
the Injur of British shipping, which,
in all probability, never will OCCUT.
Secretat'. KlIoX begins his note,
which was delivered to the British
foreign office through Mr. Luughltn.
the Amern an charge de'uffalrea al
London, by the flat statement that he
can not agree with the British inter?
pretation of the ?anal treaties, so far
as they limit the freedom of action of
America or infringe British treaty
rights Point ng out that the Ore)
note was Issued Without consideration
of the presidenTs toll proclamation,
the secretary states that Sir Kdward
deals ( I b fU with the possibilities of
what the president might do under
the canal urt. where,is the proclama?
tion h.n ? ni rely changed th? situa?
Taking up the three afcjectlons
mad*' b. the British government. So -
retarv Knox first AtSJCasees that winch
apple s to the exemption from tolls of
the government \essels of Panama.
This he .b< !;,r. I to be | great and
complete surprise t<> the Cnltcd
States, which always had asserted
Without challenge that the Btatttl of
the countries immediately COW arm d
by reason o' their political relation to
the territor\ in wheh the eahsd was
to be constructed, was different from
that of all other countte - He does
not be Pet S, therefore, that the Brit?
ish ro\crnment Intends to prop..-,
abritraiion sj| this question
In regard t.. u ? ml British ab?
Jexttofi that 'In- Panama canal act
might be thought to confer upon the
president the power to discriminate
in the use ..f th. < laal fop all ships
belonging to th< I nited S'ate^ and lt<
< itixeiix even in tfo foreign f ade, by
granting them reduced tolls, the note
quotes from the memorandum attach*
ed to the canal proclamation bf IhS
president, w h? n I' w ? a f?d
fb.n until Ihe qu? stlofl ma) at Iss
Ihe . v. r? i ? of the prealdi nt's d v'
As no question as >? * h IS ar. n n "it
this point. Which IS Its! words of ihs
? xlstlnir arbitration treaty. MH mav not
min ? -
plomac\.' the not?- holds that tho sug?
gestion ??f ai'bitrution is premature.
Ilefore p issmg from the slam- of the
question. Secretary Knox ? mphatioal
ly dlntlaimi entertaining ;?'*> doubl as
In tho right to exempt American
wafuhlni and other government Ves?
sels from tolls, as they a. t a part of
tho government*! protective syitem,
and it is not understood that (Jreat
BrHnln chnllengei ihe right nf tho
United Btutoi t.> proteei ihe canal, or
to require an explnnatlon nf what re
latlon tho movement of a particular
vessel through tho 'anal has to its
Thus clearing nwnj ail objectloni
Mr. Kn??x bcllevei nonrelevnnt, the
aolf proceedi t>> discuss tho Brltlib
assertion that the enemption of
United Btatet coastwise vemeli from
tolls is a dinorimlnatlon against Brit"
ish veaxela Mr. Knox recnlli sir Ed
Ward Grey's admission of tho light of
Ihe United Btates to grant lubsldies to
its shipping genernlly <>r to any par
tlcnlar branch and although this is
"a form <>r subsidiary" t<> exempt the
coast n is. shipping from tolls, ho re?
gards it as objectlonabls as throwing
an unfair share of tin- burden of up?
keep in the canal on foreign shipping.
Tho secretary points out that the
British de not olnlm the right to par
tie I pats in American coaatwlae trade
hut object to the exemption of that
trade from toils because they may ad?
versely affect British rights i<> equal
treatment in the payment of tolls or
to just and equitable tolls.
He also recnlli th.' British objec?
tion that coastwise trade can not be
circumscribed so completely that
benefits conferred upon it will not af?
fect vessels engaged in tho foreign
trade. Thus a cargo Intended for an
American port beyond the canal and
shipped on board a foreign ship could
he s? in to its de tination more GhCUp
ly through the opt ration of the pro?
posed exemption l>y being landeu at
a United Btates port before reaching
the canal and then sent on XI OOSSt
w?e trade, to Ihe detriment of foreign
ships in direct trafhc, Taking this
statement in connection with one by
Mr. Innes on the ihe same point, to
the effect that perhaps no objection
eonld be taken to the exemption if
limited to bona tide coastwise tratlic,
to < rotary Knox declared this to be
admission of the American right to
exempt its vessels in the I oast wise
trade from toils.
"As to this.*' says the secretary, "it
Is su indent to say that obviously the
United states Ii not to be denied Ihe
power to remit tolls to its own coast -
wins trade noennes of s suspicion ol
possibility that the regulations yet lo
be framed may not restrict this ex?
emption to bona ti?i?? coastwise traffic.
The answer to this objection, there?
fore, apart from any question of treaty
Interpretation is that it tests on con?
jecture as to what may happen, rather
than upon facts and does not preeent
? question for submission to arbitra?
tion it has not as yet passed beyond
the sta^e where it can properly be
?halt with by diplomat],- discussion."
"it will be remembered that only
qu? stons which it may not be pos?
sible to settle by diplomacy are re?
quired by our arbitration treaties to
he referred to arbitration." Mr. KttOX
The secretary dismissed in the same
way another British contention Ihnt
there is nothing in the United States
law to prevent any American vessel
from combining foreign commerce
with COOStWise trade to the detriment
of foreign shipping, Which he declares
depends upon future conditions and
facts not yet ascertained, arbitration
of which would i.c premature.
Taking up Sir IMward Qrey'l ob?
jection that the canal act would en?
able Colli to be Axed which would not
be Just and equitable, Ihe secretary
remarks that this again Is baaed upon
a mere contingency that there is no
claim that the tolls, as now actually
Axed, are not "just and equitable."
Without admitting that the burden
of proof reals upon the United Btates
t slew that the tariff has not been
reckoned with In tixin? upon the tolls
and that consequently they are equit?
able, Becretar) Knox welcomei the
opportunity of Informing Ihe Rritlih
government Ihnt such Is the ease, He
declares that in adoptini the rate of
II.SI per Ion, Prof. Bmory Johnson
Included American coastwise shlpplni
in hiv calculations, quoting from his
report, In U'hlch it Is shown that
Prof. Johnson calculates the tonnnge
passing, through the canal In 1015, as
compared of American coastwise ship?
ping i.?. tons; American foreign
?hipping, T20,.,000, und foreign
shipping. N,7no,0?o tons, it was on
thu estlir.at? thai the pta sid-in Itxed
"if, a^ a matter of fact," Secretary
Kiiov declares, "th. tolls now Axed
do not ex< ? ?? il this requlremi nt, and as
heretofore pointed oul there Ifl io>
claim 'hat thei do, it i- not uiiparent I
und i Sir Rdward Orey's contention
how i; .^t Itrltaln could bi recelvlns
unjust and Inequll ible Ireatmeni H
the I'nltcd state- favors it coast?
wise \ esseN by not i oll? et nx t hi Ir
share of tolli necessary to meet
Sum man/1 rig the I hit ish objections
and rommentlns upon them, Hecretarj
Knoi does not deny that congress has
Ihe power, through the president, to
\i<?lat?- th*- terms of the Hay-Paunce
fote treaty In Its aspect as a rule of
lav That, he says, would only be?
come a just ground for complaint in
th.- event that th.- power was used
against British shipping It Is the
Improper ? v?- is?> of this power and
not its possession which alone can
give rise to an international cause of
action," remarks the secretary.
Only when the complaint is made
by Oreat Britain that British vessels
actually have been subjected to un-1
equal treatment or Inequitable tolls. |
Secretary Knox asserts, can the (pies
lion he raised whether the United j
States is hound by the Hay-Pauncc
fote treaty to collect tolls from Amer?
ican vessels and whether British ves?
sels are entitled to equal treatment.
Therefore, the secretary holds that it
is not necessary to discuss questions of
facts which have not yet arisen.
The American note concludes as fol?
?The necessity of inquiring into
question of fact in their relation to
controversies under diplomatic- discus?
sion was contemplated by both par?
ties in negotiating the unsatisfied
treaty of August 3, 1911, which pro?
vides for the institution, as occasion
arises, of a joint high commission of
inquiry to wham, upon the request of
either party, might he referred for
impartial and conscientious investi?
gation ( f any controversy between ;
them the committee being authorized
on such references to examine into ;
and report upon the particular ques?
tions or matters referred to it, for
the purpose of facilitating the solution
of disputes by elucidating the facts
and to define the issues presented by
such questions and also to include
in its report such recommendations
and conclusions as may he appropri?
"The propoaal might be carried out,
should occasion arise for adopting it.
either under a special agreement or
und. r the unratlfled arbitration trea?
ty above mentioned, if Great Britain
is prepaiid to Join in ratifying that
treaty, which the United states is pre?
pared to do."
$1.00 Per Plate
was paid at a banquet to Henry ("lay,
in New Orleans in 1842, Mighty
COStly for those with stomach trouble
or indigestion. Today people every
\ hen use Dr. King's New Life Pills
for these troubles as well as liver, kid?
ney and bowel disorders. Kasy, safe,
sure. Only 25c at Slbert's Drug Btore.
The warm weather has aroused the
fish and fishermen of late., and num?
bers of the latter have been out fre?
quently in search for the former dur?
ing the past two weeks, mostly with
only indifferent luck.
?W. K. Pox, 196 W. Washington
m., Nobleavllle, Ind.. says: -'After Buf?
fering many months With kidney trou
ble, aft.r trying oth.r remedies and
prescriptions, l purchased a box of
Foley Kidney Pills which not only did
me more good than any other reme?
dies 1 ever used, but have positively
set my kidneys right. Other members
of my family have used them with
similar results." Take at the first
sign of kidney trouble." Siberts Drug
The legislators from Sumter County
who visited Winthrop College Friday
report having spent a most enjoyable
day at the college.
Cut ihe High Cost of Living.
*W. H. chapman. Wlnnebago,
Neb., tells how he did it. "My two
children had a very bad cough and
tiie doctor's medicines did them no
good, 1 got a bottle of Foley's Hon?
ey ami Tar Compound, and before it
was all used the children were free
and cured of their COUgh. 1 saved a
doctor's bill for one 25o bottle of Fo?
ley's Hom y and Tar Compound." No
opiates, Slbert's Drug Store.?Advt.
The c otton . top of 1912 Is now ad?
mitted to he b ss than the mills of the
world require, but the cotton exchange
farmers ate holding down the price
on the Specious claim that the next
Veal's ( top will he the biegest eVel".
?Take the "direct road" to health
ami strength by using Foley Kidney
Pills for backache, rheumatism, weak,
sot-.- kidneys and bladder Irregulari?
ties, Bach ingredient is chosen for
its positive healing ami curative qual?
ities Foley Kidney Pills are the last
medicine you can buy for kidney and
bladder troubles Mrs. .1. M. Bindley,
Lyons, Qa.( says; "i took Foley
Kidn. v Pills and they entirely cured
me " Slbert's Drug store.?Advt.
Marriage License Iteeord.
\ marriage lie. rise was Issued Sat?
urday morning to Mr. i;. l. Glover and
Miss Maud. Harper of Sumter,
\ Horn in a Lighthouse.
For years .1 S. Donahue, So. Haven,
Mieh, .i civil war captain, as a light
house ket'per, averted awful wrecks
l-ui a queer fact is. he might hav*
i.?. ti .! wreck himself ii Rlectric Bit
t. is h oi n a previ nti d "They curei
me of kidne) trouble and chills," hi
w i . "after I had taken ol hi r s>.
'.all..i cures tor years, w thout ben<
j tit und thej al <> Improved mj sight
Now . it seventy, I an re< lit ? fine.'
For dyspepsia, Indigestion, all stom
ach, liv. r and kidney troubles ihey'r
w it bout equa I. Ti y t in m I inly 50
' at Slbert's i >: ug Store.- A v\
(OITON CbIXXERS' REPORT.
Estimates Amount Prepared at 13,
001,261 to January H>.? Almost Mil?
lion ami Hall Under Amount Baled
by Same Hate in 1912?south Caro
Washington, Jan 23.?The ninth
cotton ginning report of the ceneut
bureau for the season, Issued at 10
o'clock this morning, announced that
13.091,264 bales of cotton, counting
round as half bales, of the growth of
1912, has been ginned prior to Thurs?
day, January 1?;, to which date during
the past seven years the ginning aver?
aged 'j:".3 per cent of the entire crop.
Last year to January 16 there had
been ginned 14,515,799 bales, or 93.3
per cent of the entire crop; in 1908
to that date 12,666,203 bales, or 96.8
per cent and in 1906 to that date,
12,176,199 bales, <?r 93.8 per cent.
Included in the ginnings were 78,
892 round hales, compared with 97,
654 hales last year, 111,079 hales in
1910, 146,378 bales In 1909 and 232,
510 bales in 19OS.
The number of sea island cotton
bales included were 70,760, compared
with 109,867 bales last year, 92,191
' ales In 1909, and 90.2S7 bales in
Ginnings prior to January It] by
States, with comparisons for last year
and other big ( fop yean and tho per?
centage of the entire crop ginned
prior to that date in those years, fol?
1912 . 1,192,267 _
1908 . 1,192.723 98.1
1906 .' S87.087 97.2
The final ginning report will be
issued Thursday. Marc h 20, at 10 a.
m., and will announce the quantity
of cotton grinned prior to Friday,
Frightful Polar Winds
blow with terrific force at the far
north ate! play havoc with the skin,
causing red, rough or sore chapped
hands and lips, that need Bucklen's
Arnica. Salve to heal them. It makes
the skin soft and smooth. I'n.ivaled
for cold sores, also burns, boils, sores
ulcers, cuts, bruises and piles only
25c at Slbert's Drug Store.?Advt.
Heal Estate Transfers.
Xelson J. Shaw, trustee, to s. P.
Williams, 7'j 1-2 acres in two tracts,
a. C. BurroWl to Henry J, Harhy.
substituted trustee, lot in town of
Hal/ell, .< l and other considerations.
S. 11, Chandler to Josephine Cassel,
lot In city, $5.
E. \V. a. Bultman BS H?cker and
Rultman, to Benjamin Jones, Interest
in 5 acres in c ounty, $1.
Isaac R. Brunson, J. Quit man
Brunson and Lucius <?. Brunson to
IT. Reddle Brunson. 39 1-2 acres, $1.
Isaac lt. Brunson, H. Reddle Brun?
son and j. Quitman Brunson, to
Luc ius < >. Brunson, 31? 1-2 ac res, $1. j
Isaac K. r.nmson. H. Reddle Brun
son and J. Quitman Brunson, to
J. Quitman Brunson, 16 acres, $1.00,
Master to R. (>. Purdy, lot on Hamp?
ton avenue, $1,950.
B. L. Montague to B. R. Du Kant,
two lots fronting <?n Graham's place,
*a mean stuffy cold, with hoarse
wheezy breahing Is just the kind thai
runs into bronchitis or pneumonia.
Don't trifle with stu b serious condi?
tions but take Foley's Honey and Tar
Compound promptly. Quick and
beneficial results are just what you
can expect from this great medicine,
it soothes and heals the inflamed air
passages, it stops the hoarse rack?
ing cough. Slbert's Drug store.?
LOW R M i s OX < OTTOX.
Democrats Decide to Put Figure* Be
low Those of Previous Cotton Tar*
rifl' Revision Bill??Parker's Propo*
Waj>hingtonf Jan. 23.?The attacks
<>f bull interests on the proposed
Democratic revision of the tariff on
textile manufactures have resulted 10
far in a virtual decision of the ways
and means committee majority to |
strike a lower rate readjustment even
than planned in the previous Demo?
cratic cotton revision bills.
There w ill lie substantial reductions j
from the tentative cotton schedule
basis running down as low as 5 per ;
cent on the cheaper goods that the j
working (.lasses (U pend on.
The compromise revision sched- .
ule proposed y stcrday by Lew is W. !
Parker, of Greenville, s. ('., former
head of the American Cotton Manu- ?
facturers' association assumed more
importance today as a basis for Dem- J
ocratic general reduction plans. It
was frequently referred to during ihe
examination of witnesses and it will
have a considerable bearing in the
committee's iiguring on the low rates.
There also will be some reductions
in "Schedule J," the part of the
Payne-Aldrich law that deals with
flax, hemp and jute and their man?
ufactures. The Democratic leaders
however, realize that this schedule is
more competitive than most of the
others. A very Large proportion of
this schedule, which embraces the I
big lace and linen industries covers
articles that are deemed luxuries with
consequent high tariff warrant from
the Democratic programme viewpoint.
This schedule will be taken up to*
The committee concluded taking
t >atimony today on the cotton sched?
ule. Most of the witnesses wanted
retention of the rates in the present
tariff law, particularly on Jacquard
figured cotton goods, upholstery gen?
erally, on pi int cotton goods and on
cotton handkerchiefs Other witnesses,
while preferring the present policy,
wa re disposed to be conciliatory in
view of the determination of the Dem?
ocratic leaders to reduce the tariff
along revenue lines, particularly on
the more common articles of use
among the poorer classes of the peo?
Chronic Constipation Cured.
"Five years ago I had the worst
case of chronic constipation I ever
anew of and Chamberlain's Tablets
cured me," writes S. P. Fish, Brook?
lyn, Mich. For sale by all dealers.
Judge K. 0. Purdy, of this city, was
elected one of the vice presidents of
the State liar Association at its re?
cent meeting In Columbia.
Mis stomach Troubles Over.
Mr. Dyspeptic, would you not like
to feel that your stomach troubles
were over, that you could eat any kind
of food you desired without injuiy
That may seem so unlikely to you
that you do not even hope for an
ending of your trouble, but permit us
to assure you that it is not altogether
impossible. If others can be cured
permanently, and thousands have
been, why not you? John R. Barker,
of Battle Creek, Mich., is one of them.
He says. "I was troubled with "heart?
burn, indigestion, and liver complaint
until I used Chamberlains Tablets,
then my trouble was over." Sold by
Planters Blood and Fish Guano
The dry fish gives body to the fertilizer and insure* lasting benefit
to the soil. It contains highest priced soluble an<l available Phos?
phoric Acid, Ammonia, Potash mixed in such exact proportions
that increased yields are assured. Different soil requires different
formulas?buy the fertilizer be&t suited for your Ir.rd?make your
land more valuable.
Ask our agent about these Standard brands.
Planters "Cotton and Truck Fertilizer" . 7-5-5
Planters "Soluble Guano".8-3-3
Planters "Standard Fertilizer".V-2-2
Write us for information and prices. Trade-mark on
every bag is guarantee that you are getting the Be
Planters Fertilizer & Phosphate Co.
Charleston, South Carolina
We u^e ouly the best s. c Phosphate, Fl*h Bet a, P.!ood
Tankage, Genoan i'ottish, etc.
Our Greatest Bargain Offer
Reading Supply for Whole Year
SEMI-WEEKLY WATCILM \>i IX1) KOITIIRON
Pol !/TRY HUSBANDRY.
FARM AND FIRESIDE (The Nat iml Farm Pa|n?r)
This remarkable ?ubacription offer ma> ??? withdrawn at any lime, therefore <i?> not delay, bui
forward your order t<? The Watchman and uthron at once, ls..s. ^ ^.ttiiiK ti;.' Wta bman and
Southron twice a week f??r twelve months, you will receive sixty-two numbers < t ih< publica?
tions a full year's subscription on each.
< >id subscribers may renew and get this great combination offer.
Watchman and Southron, Sumtt r. S.
Enclosed find $2.00 for which please enter my order tot the Semi-weekly
Watchman ami Southron ami the above four Magazines, all for a period of 1 ye n
All l or
R. F. 1).P. ()