T1IK *lM1'it UVKIIMW, 1-MnhlMicd April 1850.
Consolidated Aur. 3,1881.
?*Be Just ami Fear not?Le; all the ende Thon Atma't at be thy Country's, Thy (iod's and Truth's."
SUMTER, 3. 0., WEDNESDAY. FEBRUARY 5, 1913.
THE TRUE SOCTITROX, Established Jiuic. i?M
Vol. XXXV. No. 47.
BIG FIRE IN SAVANNAH.
II Wils < \lsl l>F.STIU<TH>N
THAT WIIX MMN Hl n> ?>
iMW l**** l? Sustained h> the Cen?
tral < r 1 v111 w.1 \ Company
?ml Iii" Mrn lmnt?. und Miner* Com?
Savannah. 'Ja.. Feb. 2.?Fant black?
ening heaps of smoking ashes, a quar?
ter of a mile In length and -'"U yards
In width, are all that remains tonight
of the wharves of the Merchants A
Miners* Transportation Company,
whU-h binned early this morning. The
fire, wleh originated near the main
entrance of wharws. was discovered
shortly after 1 o cl >ck. but spread ho
rapidly thut posslbl.ity of Having the
wharves was soon rsst.
Within U-hh th'?n 30 minutes DM
Merchants \- Miners' wharves wer.
dostros-.i ir d the flames had spread
to the Planters Hlce mill, which also
burned. Dieven warehouses, owned by
the Ontral of Georgia and leased to
various companies were destroyed, to?
gether with their contents. The entire
loos will reach 11.500.000.
The Central of Oeorgia railroad,
owner of the wharves, is the heaviest
loser, as 11 freight cars, which were
uninsured. were burned with the
Wharves. The wharves alone were
valued at 1400.000. They will he re
it at once.
A strong wind was blowing wh< n
the Are slatted and the flames were
fanned to ury that defied all effort to
stop their progress. An area com?
prising about five blocks along the.
river front was gutted a .d firemen de?
voted their main efforts to saving ad?
Many high power tension electric
wlree were carried on poles In the
burned section, and the electric com?
pany was forced to shut off all cur?
rent. The glare of the Are gave ample
Shortly before 4 o'clock the wind
veereu and the wharves of the Ocean
Steamship compjoiy were threatened,
but the wind changed again and this
property was spared. it was day?
light before the Are was actually un
I der control. No Strips were burned.
It Is estimated that the loss caused
by Savannah's river front fire this
morning will reach $1.o0?j,000. Ex?
act figures can not be had for several
The fire, which started from an un?
known cause under what Is known as
the city shed on the western end of
the Merchants' & Miners' wharves,
made a clean sw-ep of the river front
from the Ogeeehee canal east to with
la ISO feet of West Hroad street.
The greatest loss was sustained by
the Central of Georgia Hallway com?
pany, which owns the Merchants' A
Miners' terminals, and the Merchants'
?t Miners' company's freight that was
stored on the wharves. Following is
a list of the losses.
Central of Georgia, owner of de?
stroyed Seek a rataad at $400.000;
eevered by insurance.
The freight on the terminals, which
was total laaBj I? valued at $200,000.
The company and the consignees are
both protected hf insurance. Agent
U M. Krskin estimates that there
were between 15a and 200 cars of
freight on IS* mm hi Fourteen cars,
loaded, and six empty cars, were
burned. Th? v wen? on the terminal
trat k Tm BQltOatl ol the cars was
covered by Insurance, but the cars
were uninsured. They were property
of the Central of Oeorgia.
The n*xt largest loser was the
American Steel & Wire company,
which had large warehouses on either
side of the main entrance to the Mer?
chants' A Miner* docks C. P. Kam
Inskl. general manager of the Savan?
nah branch, estimates the company s
lose st between $50.000 and $71
The loft* in protected.
Planter's Rice mill property, com?
pletely destroyed. \slued at $20.om).
This Includes the building and the
machinery. OsJ] the building atai
Savannah Supply ..mpany lost a
stock of bath tubs, wire and pipe fit?
tings valued at III".000 The loss Was
about half to\?r. d bv insurance. I?. J.
Mahoney the manager, estimates the
fnnkltn Tin IIa?, a. Matal compa?
ny, stock north $?:??.mOii w |?. 1,.
Roberts, manager hi unable to Bfif
how gaaeh Insurance . irrted,
Quaker GNf Ftoilf Mllht, about l<o.
barrels ol Roar, valued <t about
Oan*? Ar Co pipe, pipe fittings, ? l< .
about $2.".om?, partially Ins'ired
Franking Sugar Refining compai
no entim ?te
WllMarn C. Rohtl o S Son '" '
? 1 r I el*' of oil
WORKS MEASURE PASSED.
o\i: h um oi six \ i:\rs fob
If House's Action Is Fa\orable ami
Matt? Ratify Presjiosed Amend?
ment. Neither Wilson. Taft nor
Koo-M'xolt will Aguin be Eligible to
Nation's Highest Oflioe?Resolution
Passes hy Margin of One Over Nee
Washington, Feb. 1.?A constitu?
tional amendment which would re?
strict the president of the United
States to a single term of six years
and would bar Woodrow Wilson. Theo?
dore Roosevelt and William H. Taft
from again seeking election, was ap?
proved by the Senate today by the
narrow majority of one vote. After a
three-day tight, in which the Progres?
sives joined with many Republicans in
opposing the restricted Presidential
term, the Senate adopted the original
Works resolution by a vote of 47 to 23
The language which it is proposed
to Insert in the Constitution In place
of the first pnragrnph of article two
is as follows:
"The executive power shall be vest?
ed In a President of the United States
of America. The term of President
shall be six years, and no person who
has held the office by election, or dis?
charge^ its powers or duties, or acted
as President under the legislation and
laws made In pursuance thereof, shall
be eligible to hold again the office by
election. The President, together with
a Vice President chosen for the same
term, shall be elected as follows:'
The resolution proposing the consti?
tutional amendment goes to the House
for Its approval. If ratified by a two
thirds vote, it will be submitted to the
Legislatures of the States and will be?
come effective when three-fourths of
the 48 St. it es in the Union have of?
ficially approved It.
The adoption of the resolution came
at the close of a three-day fight in
which repeated attempts were made so
to change it that It would not affect
past Presidents or the President In
office when \ may Anally be ratified by
the Stater. All these efforts failed..
Two votes taken today again indi?
cated that the Senate did not care to
exempt any person from the operation
of the single term provision. An
amendment by Senator Hitchcock that
would have exfmpted past Presidents
and made the new provision take ef?
fect March 4, 1917, was voted down
42 to 27. and in amendment by Sena?
tor Sutherland to exempt the Presi?
dent in the office when the constitu?
tional amendment may he ratified was
defeated. 38 to 29.
Mr. L. F. Montgomery and chil?
dren and Mr. Oeo. McCutcheon of
Wiaacky, parsed through the city Mon?
day morning on their way to Colum?
bia to attend the National Corn Exp ?
Tyson & Son. stables.
The Savannah Electric Company
suffered $2.000 in wire losses.
Thlrty-tlve of Savannah's firemen,
who had their eyes injured by smoke
or add. are under treatment, hut it is
not hetftreed that tiny of them will
loaf their sight.
Much of the freight burned had
been discharged only a few hours be?
fore tile tire. The s'.c.'ttlishlp, .->e
eraaeOi ea Iti way to Jacksonville put
in here and unloaded a big <-argo. All
of this was lost and the waybills
burned. It will be a dithVutt task to
?or lighten out the mixup.
Agent Krskin of the Merchants' &
Miners' Company aayi his investiga?
tion failed to show how the fire start?
ed Theft was hay and like material
under the ihed where the lire g"t ?
The watchman for whose safety
there eras concern, sacapsdi though
the fire spread se rapidly they were
unable to do anything to put It out
<ifter they bad discovered it.
President .i C, Whitney of the
Merchants' A Miners' company, who
was In Jacksonville h'st night on his
wav to Panamai reo bed her.- today
and Inspected the loss After con?
sultation with w. a Wlnburhi vice?
president of ihe Central of Georgia
he stated that the company would at
once take steps for rebuilding the
"it will be m veral days," he laid,
"before we i in mske sny accurate es?
timates of the loss, to announce "ur
definite plans, but ths docks will eer?
talnly be rebuilt Immediately,
"As soon as the tire |g completely
extinguished, engineers will mike ei
timatea and plans for ih< new strue
mm OF KILLING FATHER.
HARRY COLEMAN, IN JAIL AT
UNION, DENIES CHARGE.
A rrc al of Young Man Result of Ef
fori <>t' OfBoera, Aided by Blood
hounds. to Capture Assassin of
Robert Colt-man, Aged end Well
tn-i>o citizen < * I* Upper Union Coun?
Union. Feb. 1.?Robert Coleman.
66 yean of age, an excellent citlaen
of this county living near Joneevllle,
was found murdered between 7 and
6 o'clock last evening, having been'
shot In the left face and neck as he
sat by his fireside alone reading a
newspaper. ITis son, Harry Coleman,
about 26 years of age, is in jail charg
ed with being the murderer, the mo?
tive ascribed being the desire to come
into his inheritance at once.
The dead man was quite well-to-do,
and. except for a son who has not
bean heard of in a number of years,
Hairy is his only child or heir.
There was a rain yesterday and
when Sheriff Fant early this morning
examined the premises he found that
the assassin had stood behind a clump
of evergreens close to the house and
fired a big charge of slugs and bul?
lets Into the old man's head; the trail
led to and from this point to a black?
Robert Coleman's gun had been in
this shop. During the night Harry
Coleman got this gun, it is said, and
took it to the house of a neighbor,
and when examined this morning one
barred was wet and showed every
sign of having been recently fired.
The tracks in the soft mud fitted
the shoes of Harry Coleman, it is
said, exactly. Dogs were sent to the
scene from Columbia this morning.
They took up the trail and went over
it. Harry Coleman was seen to climb
a tree some distance away, and the
dogs put on "his trail promptly treed
him, it Is said. He was then taken
Miss Mclntyre, of Marion, is the
guest of Mrs. E. W. McCallum on
FIRE IN jjjft
PARK IX THE PIXES HOTEL DE?
Porty-Fbnr (iucsts Rush rYom Burn?
ing Hu tiding. Leaving Jewelry und
Personal Property Re hind.
Aiken, Feh. 2.?In one of the most
saOfltKlnlar fires Aiken has even seen
and in which upwards of a quarter
of a million dollars in property, jew
elery and personal effects was destroy?
ed, the Park In the Pines hotel,
Aiken'? famous tourist hostelry, was
burned to the ground this morning.
There were many narrow escapes, and
for a time, some of the guests were
in Immediate danger of being cut off
In the upper rooms of the three-story
budding or suffocation, but all of the
44 guests came safely out of the
burning building. Most of them lost
everything they brought here with
A. H. Dick, manager of the hotel,
was overcome by the dense smoke
when ho rushed down into the base?
ment as soon as the fire was discover?
ed, and except for the assistance of
some of the help who followed, would
have suffocated. He was dragged
The building was a three-story
frame structure, containing 177
rooms. The lire originated in a store
room In the basement, directly at the
fool of the elevator shaft, where about
l.ooa feel of lumber had been placed
preparatory to the making of cer?
tain improvements on the building.
About 11 o'clock this morning
smoke was discovered pouring
through the cracks of the floor in the
lobby of the palatial hotel. Mr. Dick
ran down stairs but found himself
blinded and choking with smoke and
Unable to make his way through the
dense cloudi of it, he sank to the
floor and cried feebly for assistance.
Through the store room door which
was opened by some "t* his assistants
tongues of llameS shot and darted
up the elevator shaft.
Ten minutes after Mr. I ?ick was
rescued, the basemen! was a fiery fur?
nace and the dames were crawling
sn Iftly to th? upp< r floors.
a-j soon as the alarm was sounded
through Ihc hotel tin- guests poured
frantically from ?h?- burning building
l< .\imr their personal effects behind.
So dense was the smoke it was Im
i ,. to stive anything except from
one wing of the building in whb h the
dining room wait lot ated.
IKE ARMY REORGANIZATION.
SWEEPING CHANGES EfYECTIVE
Country Divided in Four Depart?
ment*, Eastern, Central, Western
and Southern, with One Army Di?
vision Stationed in Each?Cavalry
Division in Southern Department.
Washington, Feb. 2.?Provision for
the tactical organization of the United
States army into three infantry divis?
ions and one cavalry division is made
in an order issued by direction of
President Taft and made public to?
night by Secretary of War Stimson.
This plan of reorganization, which
becomes effective February 16, includ?
es the entire mobile army within the
continental limits of the United States,
was first dratfed by the war college
division of the general staff, and was
determined upon with some modifica?
tions at the clo3e of a conference of
general offices at the war depart?
ment last month.
Hitherto there has been no tactical
organization higher than a regiment.
There have been no brigades or divis?
ions existing in time of peace. Upon
the outbreak of war, when an army
was needed, it was necessary to create
such an army under all the stress and
hurry and excitement of such an oc?
In order to carry out the necessary
administrative work connected with
the military establishment of the
Unitel States, the country has been
divided by the new order into four
geographical departments?an East?
ern, Central, Western and Southern
department, with headquarters, re?
spectively, at Governor's Island, Chi?
cago, San Francisco and San Antonio.
One army division will be situated ,
in each of these departments, the
cavalry division being in the South?
ern department, with an infantry de?
partment in each of the remaining de?
partments]. The Eastern and Wes?
tern departments are virtually the
name territorially as the present East?
ern and Western divisions, while the
Southern department is carved from
the present Central division.
A CALL TB FARMERS.
GREAT CORN SHOW Will. CLOSE
SATURI)A Y N IG HT.
Progressive Farmers Shouid Avail
Themselves of Use Opi>ortunity t?
Visit the Greatest Agricultural Ex?
position Ever Held in the couth?
A Call from General Manager of
Columbia, Feb. 3.?We heartily ap?
preciate the strong co-operation which
you and other editors of the South
have given in bringing the Fifth Nat?
ional Corn Exposition to the attention
of the people, it has now been open
to the public one week. The danger is
that the closing day may find many
Southern farmers who have failed to
avail themselves of this wonderful op?
portunity to study progressive princi?
ples in applied agriculture, as pre?
sented through a series of education?
al exhibits from the Government and
many Statee. Will you not join us in
making a final call to the people of
your section to attend during the com
ing week and also urge the running
of special trains.
Geo. 11. Stevenson,
Secretary and General Manager,
BODY OF NEGRO POUND.
Supposed to Have Been struck by
Plnewood. Jan. 29.?Sunday morn*
Ing tin- d< ad body of Plenty Romeo, a
negro about 60 years of age, was
found beside the Atlantic Coast Line
railroad near Remlnl. Upon examina?
tion it was found thai his backbone
and eight ribs were broken. It is
thought that he was struck some
time during Saturday night by some
train. He \fis walking up the track
when last seen to return to his home
which was aboul one mile above
Magistrate a P. To,oner empan?
elled a jury and held an Inquest.
FOR PROHIBITION PARTY.
George t??ry Ix-e of bykoduiu! Named
a>- It" Cl airman.
! ?;, ,, Gary Lee l-> kesland has
I been appolnh d State ehalrma n for
the n itlonal prohibition party. He
w ill organize t he emu . State Meet
: Inga w 111 be held in t he \ arlous coun
1\i i. Ie \ - ;i m< nil" r of I h?
South Carollnu conference of the
M, < hodlst chur? h South
WILSON GIVES FARMERS ADVICE
SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE AT
NATIOVAL CORN SHOW.
Members of Agricultural Committee
of House also Attemi Great Exposi?
tion, Presence of Distinguished
Visitor Attracting Large Ciowds.
Secretary Urges Southern Farmers
to Raise More Cattle and Hogs ?
Alabama Presented Bust of Late
Dr. Knapp as Trophy.
Columbia, Feb. l.?The visit of 1
James Wilson, Secretary of Agricul- I
ture, and the committee on agricul- j
ture of the National House of Repre?
sentatives, to the National Corn r ~>
position was the feature of tod' ?.jJ0* . |
served to attract another .ous
crowd. The fact that it , Satur?
day, a holiday, the public schools, also
increased the attendance, many
school teachers and children coming
from all parts of South Carolina.
The interest in agricultural dis?
plays was increased by the arrival of
the Illinois exhibit, which was delay?
ed in transit, and of which all trace
was completely lost for several days.
In simple and emphatic language,
talking as a farmer to farmers, Sec?
retary Wilson made an address in the
afternoon, in which he preached the
doctrine that the salvation of the
Southern farmer lay in the raising of
hogs and cattle and the growing of
grasses and other forage crops.
"Don't sell your corn; feed it to
stock," he repeated again and again,
and asserted that by following his ad?
vice Southern farmers could bring
their soil to a high state of fertility
and could maintain its fertility with a
minimum use of commercial fertiliz?
"I realize," he said, "that if the
South should turn to the raising of
live stock, it would mean a smaller de?
mand for the hogs and cattle of my
own State of Iowa, but as a citizen of
the United States. Whatever will bene?
fit the agricultural interests of one
section of the country will benefit the
After his address Secretary Wilson
was tendered a luncheon by the girls
of Winthrop College. He said he did
not know when he had ever enjoyed a
meal so much. Shaking hands with
the girls he said they simply must pay
him a visit at Washington.
Besides Secretary Wilson, Harry P.
Atwood, of Chicago; John Lamb, of
Virginia, chairman of the House com?
mittee on agriculture, and Senator E.
D. Smith, of South Carolina, made ad?
It was boys" day at the Exposition,
but the event emphasizing the occa?
sion did not take place at the Expo?
sition grounds but at Craven Hall,
where a banquet was given the boys'
Corn Club and Girls* Tomato Club
prize-winners by the city of Columbia
and the Chamber of Commerce.
More than 1,000 plates were laid for
the banquet, which was attended by
the 800 "corn boys, ' the 85 "tomato
girls," Secretary Wilson and the mem?
bers of the agricultural committee and
numerous prominent citizens of Co?
At the bam,net address were de?
livered by Secretary of Agriculture,
James Wilson; Representative Lamb,
of Virginia; Representative Hangen of
Iowa, and Representative Lever of
Her?' the bust of the late Dr. Sea?
man A. Knapp, given by the Fifth
National Com Exposition to the State
making the best showing in the school
for prize-winners, was presented to
the winning state. Alabama. Dr.
Bradford Knapp presented the bust
of bis late father, while L x. Duncan
received it in behalf of the Stat?' of
WALTER WELLS DEAD.
Solicitor of Twelfth Circuit Passes
Florence, Feb. ?Walter Weils,
solicitor of the Twelfth circuit for two
terms, recently reelected for the thud,
died this morning at '.?.'h* o'clock from
Last summer Mr. Wells' health fail?
ed and he was not able to appear at
more than two campaign meetings
but was re-elected by an overwhelm?
ing vote. Later In was stricken with
something like paralysis while at?
tending court In Dillon and he never
fully recovered from the effects A
i. w days ago he was attacked b>
penumonin, and little hope had been
held out bj the physicians for hit re
w.r.t. r Wells was born in C lun; iu
Ml years ago of Marion county parent?
age and most of his youth was spent
I in i hat ? ount).
A NEW BREED OF COTTON.
GEORGIA STATE DEPARTMENT
OP ENTOMOLOGY' HAS ORIG?
Crom Between Egyptian and Dbdsl
Cotton Secures Blend of Long staple
Which IIa>msi? Disease and Attacks
of Boll WeeviL
Atlanta, Jan. 30.?The Georgia State
Department of Entomology has an?
nounced tb discovery and develop?
ment of ain of cotton that will
mee* ,$rv weevil conditions by com*
P vv ?y early maturity; that will
. v c black root or wilt diseases, and
. nich at present prevailing prices,
will bring around 20 cents a pound
on the market.
This strain of cotton, developed as
the result of experiment made by
State Entomologist E. Lee Worsham,
to meet peculiar Georgia conditions,
premises to be one of the most valua?
ble varieties in the world.
While Georgia might have met the
advance of the boll weevil with early
maturing varieties, practically every
I one of these known was subject to at?
tack by the wilt disease. It was neces?
sary, therefore, to get a strain which
would meet both conditions. This Mr.
Wei sham has done by crossing Egypt?
ian staple with Dixie, an early ma?
turing American variety, and the re?
sult is an intermediate long staple
which matures comparatively early,
resisting the black root and has a
strong, fine long staple making it of
far more than even the highest
grades of short staple cotton.
The beauty about the new variety
is that it will grow almost anywhere
in the cotton belt, while the regular
long staple, known as Sea Island, is
confined to a narrow and limited area
near the seacoast. This new strain
also meets boll weevil conditions as to
Sea Island cotton which would not
otherwise have escaped boll weevil
The department has only one acre
of the variety this year; consequently
the quantity of seed will be limited.
It will be distributed free of cost to
planters in the 25 counties in the
southwestern section of the State
where cotton clubs have already been
organised, composed of the moct pro?
gressive planters, to co-operate with
the State department of entomo?
logy in the fight on the boll weevil*
which is expectfd to enter the State
from Alabama in 19 13.
Mr. Worsham figures that ultimate?
ly this new variety vrill be distributed
over the entire cotton belt and will
result bo-h in resistance to disease
and pest, and the development of a
more valuable grade of staple.
Thousands of pounds of seed from
plants resistant to the wilt disease
have been distributed throughout the
State free of cost by the department;
hundreds of farmers* institutes have
been held to explain the work, and in
February the next tier of 25 counties
in south Georgia, just east of those
where the work has already been
done, w ill be organized to meet boll
In this and other ways th?- State
department of entomology is now
savinu to the farmers of Georgia
$25,000.000 to $30,000,000 each year,
by developing and furnishing infor?
mation BS to easy and inexpensive
methods Of controlling plant pests and
Only In this way has It been possi?
ble t<? develop perfect fruits in Geor?
gia, and pests no longer prevent the
making of crops because of the ex?
pense in controlling them.
Mr. Worsham'S red spider bulletin
in colors has attracted attention all
over the country, and has been of ma?
terial value In many other States. It
is furnished free to Sil applicants
whether Georgians or not. The red
spider attacks cotton and all kinds
of vegetation particular!) in green?
houses, and Dr. Worsham's experi?
ments have made it possible to con?
trol it without material difficulty and
at small cost. He now has ready for
the press a similar bulletin on the
mole cricket, brought here from
Puerto Rico, and which has Iveen
doing extensive damage in the BOttth>
Bleeted pre?I U nt ? f the Southern
Conservation congress which met in
Atlanta ?n P.'10. Dr. Worsham has
since been honored by appointment
?'is chairman of the executive commit?
tee of the National Conservation com*
gross, en account of his interest in
and efforts iu behalf of conservation
particularly along agricultural and
horttculural lines, not only In Oeor
gin lot throughout the South
v i t ..nie. Hellet! ha? been ippolnf ?
. d assistant heal! h >ffii ? i bj Dl
I Ashleigh M ood
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