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mm WATCHMAN, Established April, 1U0.
"Be Just and Fear not?Det all the ends Thon Alms't at be thy Country'* Thy God's and Trnta'a."
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, J ytubllshed June, ISM.
Consolidated Aug. 3,1881.
SUMTER, S. C, SATURDAY, JULY 4, 1914.
Vol. XXXVIII. No. 38.
MAKES LONG FLIGHT
Mr. Robbins Has a Flying Machine of a New
Design That May Revolutionize Art
of Flying?He Expects to
Fly From Sumter to
Sir. Edward A. Robbln*,. In an aero?
plane of his o\/n construction, on
Monday evening, about 7.30, made tbe
longest Might made to date In the city
of Sumter Mr. Robbins covered
about f 1-1 mllca in about 7 V'1
mlnutea, flying at an elevation dt
about 100 fest.
Kor sometime Mr. Robbing has been
trying ? it various details of construc
, tion in the machine, prenuratory to
completing a machine with which he
expects to fly from Sumter to New
On Monday he added some addition?
al wing sections of peculiar dctdgi*
- which has made his machlno re?
markable inasmuch as he now claims
It Is one of the slowest flying ma?
chines in the country.
Witnesses of the flight state that
It was a very beautiful one. The ma?
chine took the air gracefully und
flew without any lateral dipping.
Mr. Robbins says that from the
slevatlon attained, the smoke stacks
and buildings of Sumter wcro clearly
outlined against the custern sky and
that the best way to realize the size
of Sumter ami its many beauties is to
take a birdscyo view.
Monday evening was the tirst time
that Mr. Robbins has really made
I any effort to lly off the aviation field,
I which has been pronounced the finest
Mn A\norlca by Kugene Ely and many
?\*?ertr. fainili.tr with such matters.
AfVr doing some exhibition Hying at
Idncolnton, X. C, on July 4, Mr. Rob?
bins returns to Sumter and will prob?
ably make some more interesting
Mr. Robbins has been flying since
1911 in machines of his own con-'
stmeti<>n and intends to permanent?
ly locate at Sumter to build aero- j
planes, Sumter being the first point
in the South to have an industry of
Tho designs of Mr. Robbins it is
understood arc entirely different from i
the patented designs of others and
the idea is to make aeroplanes safe,
j efficient and cheap, so that they will ,
j be as commercial as the automobile.
BANK MIKES CHANGE.
FARMKHS' BANK A Till'ST COM?
PANY CHANGE** NAME TO
BANK OF sol'TU CAR?
Wttlte Old Court llou*c Hulldlrt?'
Is Kcsnodcllcd Into Modern banking
From The Dally Item. July 1.
The Farmen*' Hunk and Trust Com?
pany, one <>f the strongest hanking in?
stitutions in east central South Caro?
lina, this morning changed its name
to the Hank of South Cirollna, under
srhi h name the Institution will con?
tinue Its Isrge and flourishing business
with ths fsrmers and business men
of Humter and other counties.
The bank also opened Its doors this
morning, July 1st. in its temporary
home In the city hull In tho oftlccs
formerly occupied by the First Nat?
ional Hank, where the bank will con?
tinue t<? do business until its home,
the obi court houso building, Is re?
modelled and rnado Into a modern,
up-to-date banking house, equipped
with all conveniences and necessities
of a progressive hunk of today. The
work on the building was begun to?
day snd will be carried on as sped
lly a? possible The changes comprise
a new front, larger lobby und more In?
terior space for employees, as well as
a change in the positions of officers
quarters. When completed, which
It Is hoped may be by the l.r>th of
November, the bank will have one of
the handsomest buddings in the tit;,
and one of the best banking houses in
this section of the Stute.
The bank on Tuesday afternoon
moved Its equipment from iu home to
the former ofli *es of tho First Nat?
ional Itank anu this morning its cus?
tomers and others were notilicd of
the fact that It was ready for busi?
ness by a big sign nulled up against
the wall near tho door.
WAt.U WAS ON HATS.
MI.hmKmIpvI Ither Towns Ik'glii Cam?
paign of i:\tcrmlnutlon Again*!
Carriers of I'laguc.
.Memphis. Tcnn.. July 1.?Mayor
Crump today authorized the payment
ef five cents for every rat killed and
brought to the Mayor's office. The
city is to w.ige a fierce campaign
against the rata.
Ht I^ouls. uiy 1.?The State Hoard
ef Health has ordered that all river
towns move Immediately to extermin?
ate the rats, to prevent tho possible
spread of tho bubonic plague from
Charleston, s f\, Juiy i. City of
fiel als arc preparing |e make ? hard
fight to exterminate the rats in this
Hohcrt Kelly, a folumbbi ??> t
chant, formerly of Hartsvlllo. drank
four ounces of carbolic n? Id in lb*
lobby of a Columbia hotel Momlc
end died within u few minutes.
CROP CONDITION REPORT.
ESTIMATED AT 70.? 1?EH CENT
ON JUNK 25TH.
Not ho Good as Last Year?Cotton
Acrcwge In United States Et* Una ted
at ;;o,w?o,immi Acres Against ST,?oe>
000 Lust Year.
Washington. July 1.?The crop re?
porting board of the department of
agriculture today estimated the area
of cotton In cultivation in tho United
States as otJ.D?O.U00 acres against 07.
15X.000 last year.
The condition of the crop on June
25 was estimated at 79.G, against 81.8
last year at this time.
WILSON ON MEXICAN SITUATION.
President Soys Thing* arc In as Good
ShajH' us Possible Until Mcxicun
Faction* (jet Together.
Washington, July 1.?President
Wilson today authorized the following
statement regarding the Mexican sit?
"Things are in as good shape as
they can ho until the Mexican factions
tan get together. Further than this
the president has nothing to say until
tho factions get together."
GENERAL PROSPERITY CERTAIN.
A Tremendous Wheat Crop Will
Bring a Flood of Gold From Eu?
Chicago, July 1.?Joseph Prltchnrd,
the hoard of trade expert, today pre?
dicted that the wheat crop this year
would amount to '.tOO.oon.OOO bushels.
This means the return of enormous
quantities of money from abroad, the
larger part of which will go into
widespread cir illation, bringing witn
it general prosperity in this countrv.
The United States is now matting
I wheat prices for the world.
BBi EXPRESS COMPANY RE?
United States Company Transfers
TratiH|>ortutloii Coiitructs to Other
Com i mn ich.
New York, June :;o.?After an un?
interrupted service, of It years the
United States Express company will
retire from tho transportation busi?
ness at midnight! the close of their
floral year, ah railroad contracts
have been transferred to other big
AUTO WRECK AT OHWGEIIUHG.
Three Men Hndl> Hurl Wbeii Car
< Nmngt borg, June HO, Hlmon Itlch,
an attorney; John Pike, a salesman;
Wei. r.uii. a clerk, were badly injured
this morning when their automobile
skidded and turned turtle. pinning
tho OCCUpnntS beneath. They were
Iravellni >* rate <?f It miles an
hour when Ihe chauffeur swerved
Ike mi lo avoid running down two
small children, end Ihe accident uc?
BAM ON FUTURES.
HOUSE ADOPT! LEVER'S SUBSTI?
TUTS VOR SMITH MEASURE.
Cuts Off Some of Drastic Provis?
ions of Souute Plan, Lliminatin;;
l'roiK>sal to Bur Future Deutings
From Muils und Interstate Tele?
Washington, Juno 29.?The hou>5e
today substituted the Lever bill fcr
regulation of cotton exchanges
through prohibitive tuxes for the sen?
ate measure, proposing regulation by
niU'.nH of prohibiting the use of the
mails and the telegraph for soeaUed
Tho houso put the bill through un?
der suspersion of the rules by a vote
of 81 to 21 und sent it to the senate.
Jf tho senate fails to agree to tho
fubsLituto in the difference! Will be
tauen ui in conference. Senator
Smith, author of the senate bill, is
new campaigning in South Carolina,
nnd consideration of the substitute
may bo delayed until his return,
though Senator Smith of Georgia or
some other Southern senator may call
it up in the meantime.
Doth the senate and house meas?
ures aim to regulate alleged evil prac?
tices on the cotton exchanges which
the cotton producers contend keep
down the price of cotton. The sonata
bill through the postolllce department
and the interstate commerce commis?
sion's jurisdiction over the telegraph
would prohibit the transmission of
quotations, and lists of sales of cotton
that did not comply with the requir?
monts as to standardization pre?
scribed In the bill. Both bills would
regulate, though they would not pro?
hibit, transactions in future.
The house bill relies on the gov?
ernment taxing power instead of in?
hibition of the mail and the telegraph,
proposing a tax of $5 a bale on con?
tracts that do not comply with the
No tax would be imposed on whjj^
are regarded as*legltimatc contracts.
The measure would require that con?
tracts mu?t be in writing; must speci?
fy the quantity of cotton involved in
each transaction und give names and
addresses of buyers and sellers, with
the basis grade of the cotton involve I.
Other sections would provide tint
the cotton must be Of or within the
grades Specifically established by tho
secretary of agriculture and that in
case other than the basis grade is de?
livered the differences above or be?
low the contract price must be the
actual commercial differences and not
I tho difference arbitrarily fixed by the
cotton exchanges, the commercial dif
, ferences to be determined by the sec?
retary of agriculture by comparison
! of prices of live spot cotton markets.
A lively debate preceded the vote.
I Democratic Leader Underw ood, favor
ling the measure, pointed out that tho
?wiede proposition rested on the pro?
posal that congress should either sup
, press or regulate the cotton exchanges
i of the country.
' Whatever, particular power you
ess to enforce a liw " he said, 'is
a secondary proposition, but there is
no better power in the government
than tho power to tax, which is III
this bill. Tho Scott bill was intend?
ed to wipe out the cotton exchange:}.
The Lever bill is intended to regulate
them, so as to wipe out the evils that
j exist in the exchanges. In two dif?
ferent congresses I have supported
Ilegislation along the lines of tho
Scott bill and tboy have been sent
over to tne senate ami there have died
In committee. A similar bill from
this house at this time would moot
a similar fate."
"1 believe that the practices of the
New York cotton exchange tost the
Southern producers annually $100,
' 000,000t" declared Representative
Lever, who Is author of the bill.
"The purpose Of this bill is tf? elim?
inate the practices which constitute
BUCh :>'i cnonm.as burden. Any man
voting against it puts himself in the
attitude of favoring a continuance of
practices that have been denounced
in every cotton growing State in the
THE FATAL REVOLVER.
Man Kills Another While Placing
Black Mountain, July i. While
ploying tvllh h revolver, Rarly Nensc
a< ?? Mentally shol und killed I kick
Hartley, early this morning.
Pinewood to Observe Otli.
Pinea mnI, ,iline ;:<u h. All pku es
of business will be closed ? n Monday,
July Ith, to observe the Ith, which
falls on Saturday |hin yenr.
The telephone exchange will be
closed from In o'clock ,i. in. (o
o'clock p. m.
ADMINISTRATION FAVORS CON?
TINUATION OF THE CON?
It is Thought Thai Americans and
Foreigners in Mexico Would be in
Danger Should Mexicans Learn
That Conference Had .-Vljourncd.
Washington, July 2.?Efforts on the
part of the administration to induce
the mediators to remain at Niagara
Falls and keep up a semblance of in?
ternational intercourse, at least arc
taken up today.
It is feared that should the news
reach the people of Mexico that me?
diation is at an end they would con?
sider the armistice also ended and
danger to Americans and other for?
Efforts arc still being made to in?
duce Gen. Carransa to enter into an
informal conference with the Huerta
representatives. Little credence is
placed in stories that President Hu?
erta is preparing to leave Mexico
Niagara Falls, July 2.?Justice La
mar and Frederick Lehman, the
American delegates to the mediation
conference were summoned back to
Washington today and will leave
I tonight with the staff. The me
jdiation conference is at an end.
! Scnor Figuero, one of the Mexican
i delegates, is planning to sail for
I Liverpool next week.
SUMMER FARM INSTITUTES.
To Rc Held in Sumter County July
27th, 28th and 2?th. at Shlloh,
Sumter und Rombert, Respectively.
Farmers' Institutes will be held in
I every county in South Carolina this
j year under the auspices of Clemson
' and Winthrop colleges. Experts from
the two institutions will make prac?
tical talks to the farmers at the vari
[YOUS points. At several places "ve tch
: and clover" days Will be observed and
special attention will be given to the
] discussion of tho handling of these
The schedule of farmers' institutes
this summer include:
Clarendon County?July 2'.?, Panola;
July S0< Trinity school, Manning;
j July 81, Oakdalc school, Manning.
\ Sumter county?July 27, Shlloh;
July 28, Sumter (vetch and clover
j day); July 2y, Hembert.
i Lee County?July 1?, Kock Hill
? school; July 17, Ii. M. Cooper's farm;
July 18, Bishopvllle (vetch and clover
FIRE CHIEF KILLED.
Mysterious Explosion in Charlotte
! Cause Death of One and Injures
Charlotte, N. c, July I.?Assistant
W. B, Oleen, of the lire department,
was killed and a half dozen seriously
injured by a mysterious explosion at?
tending a small lire near the Southern
' passenger depot this morning. Fire
Chief Wallace was shot full of
i splinters of wood and his condition
, is critical. The explosion was caused
by dynamite. The police believe an
explosive was placed In the building
by a negro to wTeak vencgcancc on a
AN AUCH Y IN BOSNIA.
Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
Inflames Populace Against Servians.
Sarajevo, Bosnia, June 30.?All
Bosnia and Herzegovina are today
aflame With hatred against Servians
'over the assassination of Archduke
1 Ferdinand and his Consort here Sun?
day. There has been fierce rioting
throughout the two provinces, AI
Monastir two hundred Servians were
killed and wounded in a light with
the Moslems and the city was lirod by
the rioters. Servian shops and homes
here are being looted and wrecked.
Servian Hags have been dragged in the
streets by mobs yelling "heath to the
NEW ORLEANS QUARANTINED.
Surgeon General HIllC Adopts Dras?
tic Measures Against Plague.
Washington, June !?0.??Dr. Itupcrt
Blue, surgeon general of ihe public
health service, left today for New
i ubans. lo personally assume charge
of Ihe campaign lo stamp out Ihe
lire.food bubonic plague. I M . UlllC has
ord< red iiuarautinc on all vessels lca\ ?
Ing and entering New Orleans. While
Iber? nrc <?iil\ a few cases at presold
the department bns'dctertnind to take
drastic steps to prevent Ihe spread
PEOPLE WANT ISSUES DISCUSS*!
ED THIS YEAR,
Campaign for Stale Officials Is Mov?
ing Along Right Linos?Voters are ?
Disgusted with Coat-tail Struggling
"Generally speaking," said the ob-j
I server of tilings political, "it seems
to me that the State campaign is
moving along the right lines. 1 have
, attended practically all the mect-(
jings so far and, undoubtedly, the
people want to be informed on the is
S cues of several races and don't care
' to have the candidates deal in \ it j
I Deration and abuse. The advice giv- j
I en the campaigners by Mr. Richard
I. Manning ut Sumter on the opening
! j i
? date of the county-to-COUnty canvass.
'is being followed, in the main. Thej
people are insisting upon a discussion!
I of the things advocated by the candl
dates and of the qualifications of those
'offering for the State offices and are!
; discouraging any efforts at personal
"Thus far practically one-fifth of
; the campaign Is ended. Nine counties
j have been visited, for the most part In
what is known as the Pec Dee sec
jtion. Without question Mr. Manning
i hin outdistanced the oth'a' candi
! dates for governor in the territory al?
ready covered. Starting at Sumter
I with the ovation extended by his home
people the Sumter candidate has
made a splendid showing in each of
j the other counties visited. At Flor
\ ence the Florence Times stated edi?
torially that Mr. Manning made the
; best Impression upon the Florence
people of any of the candidates for
governor. The Kingstrec paper an
, nounced the race Is between Mr. Man?
ning and one of the two Smiths. In
Berkeley, Clarendon, Marion, George?
town, Horry and Dillon counties the
Sumter candidate was well received
and it was slated that he will got big
t votes in these counties.
"It has been evident from the ini?
tial meeting that the BbsasO forces,
Wherever well organized, will .stand to
John G. Richards, Jr. From the see
tions already visited this can be stat?
ed for an assured fact. At George?
town it is known that the Dlease
fac tion there is al solutcly behind the
railroad commissioner Cor governor.
The understanding is Lhat a "oaucus"
' was held ami Richards was named as
I their gubernatorial candidate.
"Wherever partisanship has enter?
ed so far into the race Richards has
been the target for the charges of
Coat-Stall swinging and the like. He
has defended his position with the
statement that he is no more coat
tail swinger than those who will voto
for others in the senatorial race. Ma
jor Richards will support Gov. lileasc.
An interesting situation is the attach
made on Richards by Williarm Irby,
Jr., another candidate rated as a
j 'Dlease candidate.' At Con way Mr.
Irby delivered a fierce attack against
Die-hards for coat-tail swinging. This
was in strong Richards territory.
"Charles A. Smith has been well
received In the sections through which
.the campaign party has already pass?
ed. He was given a 'send-off at Flor?
ence his home county and made a
fine impression in Marion. R, A.
Cooper, solicitor, has made an un?
usually good Impression wherever he
has appeared. He was absent from
tho campaign party for several days.
He is being mentioned as a strong
probability for the governorship at
some future date.
"Mendel Smith and John G. Clinks
cales arc mentioned in the "big five/
At Conway Mr. Smith made a good
showing and at Dillon it was stated
he will cut into the vote of Richards,
who is strong with the Blease forces
there although, it is stated. Mr.
Smith will take some of this vote
"Mr. Irby has made a better show?
ing since his attacks on Mr. Rich?
ards, lie will undoubtedly show up
better in the up-country where he has
been a favorite with cotton mill
workers for many years.
"Mr. Si mum h;is not yet passed
through terrltorj especially favorable
to Bleasclsni except In one or two
counties where he divided honors
with the other Blease candidates. J.
ll. Adger Mullally's continued ab?
sence from the campaign has led to
the Inquiry as to whether he is really
running or not.
"Certain features of L J. Brown?
ing's platform have been well receiv?
ed but, like Mr, Cooper, Mr Brown?
ing was nol so well Known in ihe IV?
Dee and. he loo, will make n l?elter
showing in iiir counties nearer
1'nion. John t. Duncan is attract
more attention than usual in b*
speeches although few have been
heard to say that he stood an) chance
lor tbe governorship. 11 attacks on
the "System'' llttVC caused interested
FIGIT ?N PLAGUE.
BURGEON GENERAL WILL GO TO
Thinks It is Advisable Thai Govern?
ment Should Take Sharp Measure*
Washington, June uu.?Surgeon
General Blue of the public heal fa
service will go to New Orleans to
take charge of the campaign there
against bubonic plague. tnc death
and one other ease have been re?
After receii ^telegrams today
from Oscar y Mr president of the
Louisiana I At icalth, the treas?
ury depar /ordered the surgeon
general ^ a charge of the situa?
tion. T r <g reported bactcriologi
cal o .'atu n of the two cases.
The ki health service, however,
7r k :ts own examination.
^ .on Blue said today that
<9 i the city of New Orleans nor
jO* /erritory snrTOUnding was in any
** ger, but that it was advisable
that the federal government take
sharp measures. Apparatus for rat
catching and fumigation is being scat
to New Orleans and a corps of ex?
perts in plague eradication, includ?
ing Surgeon Creel of the public health
service, will carry on the surgeon
As a preparatory measure to pre?
vent spread Ol the infection by ship?
ping. Burgeon General Blue today
sent warnings to health authorities
of the Atlantic Coast States and to
those of the Mississippi river States
, as far north on Iowa, suggesting that
the" take up the work of rodent erad?
Municipal health officials who have
a*k*ed for aid are being furnished
With advice. The most approved
methods to prevent the spread of the
infection will be put in force imme?
diately at New Orleans.
AMERICAN PLAN REJECTED.
_ * ?
This is Announcement Made at Mex?
ico City?British Subjects Start to
Mexico City, June 30.?An an?
nouncement that the Mexican media?
tors at Niagara Tails had rejected
the terms of the American govern?
ment to make an impartial govern?
ment was made today.
Acting on the advice of British Min?
ister Calden a number of English?
men left for Vera Cruz today. Car
den warned all British subjects in the
interior to leave Immediately. He evi?
dently fears a collapse of the Hucrta
government in the near future.
SIGNS NAVAL BILL.
Bill Introduced to Place All Postmas?
ters Under Civil Service Commis?
Washington. June 30.?President
Wilson today signed the naval appro?
priation bill, providing for the con
jstruction ol the two dreadnoughts
during htc next fiscal year.
A bill placing all postmasters under
the civil service commission was in?
troduced In the house today by Victor
Munlock, a Pull Moose, of Kansas.
LONG DEATH ROLL.
More Than Two Hundred Missing In
Salem. Mosa., June 30.?Over two
hundred persons arc still missing to?
day following the great tire of last
week. Searchers are carefully ex?
amining the cooled ruins for bodies.
Authorities 'car the death list will
prove larger than the original esti?
Elsie Bari .ire, a fifteen-year-old
white girl has been arrested in Green?
ville county for killing her infant.
audiences to hear what he had to say.
"Save for the race for comptroller
general it is very hard to tell what
the other State offices' races will de?
velop. A. W. Jones' service f??r
South Carolina Is being recognised in
every county he \ is?s and the Indi?
cations are |.e will be returned by a
large majority. In the other races
for State otliecs l( will take a little
more of lh? campaign to single out
"One hears on all sides that there
are several good men in the race for
governor and thai if any one of a cer?
tain nuniboi i* elected the people
should be satisfied. Other things be?
ing equal it appears the question of
qualification should be given due con?
sideration i \ tin voters this time.
There ore three na n in the guberna?
torial race unusualb well iiualilied
to till the otllce b> reason of their
past cxperb co In governmentnl af?
fairs. The people should look to