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0N1VBBSBTY OF ?
?UM'I'KH WATCHMAN, Established April, lUe.
"Be Just and Fear not?Dot all the ends Thon Alms'! at be thy Country's, Thy God's and Troth's.'*
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, Established Jone, UM,
Oonsolidated Aug. 3,1881.
SUMTER. S. C, SATURDAY, DECEMBER 19, 1914.
Vol. XXXIX. No. 34.
German Warships Shell Scarborough, Whit
by, Hartlepool and Forts, Doing Great
Damage in Raid on British Coast.
Attempt of Invaders to Land Creates Consternation in
England?English and German Fleets now Engaged in
Gigantic Naval Battle in North Sea-Fleet from Kiel
Slipped out without Warning and Made Night Ap?
pearance off Towns?Little Change in Western War
Zonfc, While Russians Claim Successes on Brussian
Border?Servians Capture Many Prisoners?Chris?
tiana Suffer at Hands of Turks in Asia Minor.
Aesirlan* Di Trat Harlans.
Vienna. Dec, 16.?The RussUn
forces that tried to reach Cracow from
the southeast havo hcen driven back
ssary fifty miles, according to the of?
ficial statement Issued here today
which says they ha>e been pursued
back ae far as tho plain of Allenth ?1.
The Austrlans are taking many pris?
oners and inflicting heavy losses on
the Russians in killed and wo undo I.
The recent reverses of the Austrlans
la Bervla are attributed to the with?
drawal of troops from the war sone
to reinforce the western Osllcla force*.
The offensive will be resumod in Ser
fcwj as soon ss the Oallcian campaign
FieSMh Continue Aggressive.
Paris, Dec. 1ft.?During the past
forty-eight hours the French have
been bearing the brunt of the fighting
at both ends of the three hundred
mils battle front, stretching over Bel
glaa, French an?*. German soil. Fur?
ther progress has been made at a
number of poin s, according to official
dispatches front the front. Many
a prisoners have been taken.
by the Kaiser with the special task of
breaking the Baiflsh has at Vpres now
^ Im OB? barer the alternate blows of tho
Two Steamers Wrecked.
Lisbon. Dec. 1ft.?The British
Steamer Sllnraln and a Dutch royal
mall steamer have been wrecked near
Oporto, according to a wireless mes?
sage received here today. Thirty
four of the Dutch ships' crew were
Alexandria. Dec. 15.?Thousands of
refugeee from Syria are arriving here
n (light from the outrages threatened
>y Turks against Christians. They
ittate that an epidemic of typhoid
'ever and smallpox has broken out in
!'->amascus. The ottomsn army Is con?
Prisoner* Sent to Siberia.
Petrograd. Dec. 1ft.?It was official?
ly announced today that eighty thou?
sand Austrian prisoners have been
sent to Siberia since the beginning of
the war. A lull In the fighting has
taken place on the Ilow-Qlowno
front. Both sides aro entrenching
and placing heavy nrtlllery. The Aus
tr*o-Oermans are obstinately resisting
the Russian attacks In tho vicinity of
Servian* Itctake Belgrade.
Nlsh. Dec. 15.?The recapture of
Belgrade by the Servians was officially
Tui key Apologizes to Italy.
Rome. Dec. 15.?The Turkish
charge de'afTairs today assured the
Italian government that Turkey will
make satisfactory explanation of the1
recent attacks on the Italian consulate
Little Change In France
Paris. I ?er. \Z - Tho official stato
ment this afternoon says: The Brit?
ish fifissf sharp fighting for several day.*
have saafisjred a small forest west of
Wytarhaele. whlen sheltered tho Ger?
man artlhery. The French gained
ground west of Mo||e'>eke and held It
despite vigorous counter attacks by
the Germans. The French made procr
grees In the Artconne* and held their
ground In the Vosge*.
Germans Tske Half a Million Russians
Berlin. (Wireless). Dec. 16.?The
Russians In Eastern Tolsnd lost a
hundred and fifty thousand men, In?
cluding eighty thousand prisoners, the
latter l>einK brought to Gfnmny. The
official German estimate today in the
offlrla' review estlmaes that four hun?
dred and seventy-five thousand tin
Freneh end Brit sh.
wounded Russian prisoners were tak?
en by the Germans and Austrians.
The Germans are making satisfac?
tory progress. Lowicz is the center
of operations. The Russians have been
forced northward from the Carpa?
thians in Western Galicia. At tho
west the Germans have repulsed the
attacks of the allies. !
Turks Massacre Christians.
Athens, Dec. 16.?Greek Christians
are being massacred by Turks at
Aivall. Asia Minor and their houses
pillaged and shops fired. Women and
girls have been violated by the Turks.
Northern Albanian tribes have de?
clared war against Servia.
Austrians Driven from Servia.
Nish. Dec, 16.?"All Amtrlan sol?
diers have been driven from Servia,"
says the official statement today. King
Peter and the Crown Prince lead tho
army into Belgrade today amid voci?
German Attacks on Scarborough Con?
Hull, Eng.. Dec. 16.?Fugitives ar?
riving at nopn by train state that the
German bombardment is continuing
at Scarborough. Heavy damage has
been done to buildings and city prop?
erty. The population is In a panic at
the rumors that the Germans might
land troops. A part of the city is
Battle in North Sea.
London, Dec. 16.?Tho main British
and German fleets are reported in a
dispatch from York to be engaged in
the North Sea.
Ilartlepool Badly Damaged.
Newcastle, Dec. 16.?The bombard?
ment of Hartlepool begun at 8 o'clock
this morning. Several British battle?
ships have now arrived and others
are on the way. The city gas works
are on fire. Several rows of houses
I have boen demolished by the German
shells and a number of people killed.
I Many of the inhabitants have fled
'precipitately into the interior.
Wldtby Also Bombarded.
London, Dec. 16.?Whitby is also
being bombarded by tho Germans.
British Destroyers Ineffective.
8pecial to The Dally Item.
London. Dec. 16.?The German war?
ships which were soon under fire
from British destroyers, began shelling
them, but keeping up tho bombard?
ment against the land defenses with?
Allies Move on Ostend.
Bari?, Dec. 16.?Tho allies along
Belgian coast have reached a point
eight miles west of Ostend. The Ger?
mans are shelling them fiercely b Jt!
havo not checked the advance. There
is hard fighting south of Ypres in
the direction of Klein and Zilllbeke. j
Though the Germans have made Slight
p ogress at Steinbach on the ex?
treme western end of the battle line,
tbe French have taken a position on
high ground and are bombarding the
German* Attempt to La ml.
Hartlepool, Dec. 16.?I P. M.?The
naval engagement is progreslng off
Hartlepool. The cannonade is break?
ing the windows within a radius of
twenty Miles, It is* reported that the
Germans bombarded the English
forts off the mouth of the Tees river.
A dispatch states that twelve were
willed in the bombardment at Scar?
borough. Sen planes sen' out to pa?
trol tho Northumberland coast
ha e given warning of an attempt lo
land German troops.
German Cruisers Sunk?
London, Dec. 16.?Two German
cruisers are reported to have been
Bill k in the North Sea. but the report
GERMAN CRUISER INTERNE!!.
CORMORANT, WITH 377 MEN,
RUNS SHORT OF SUPPLIES.
Cruiser at Guam the Second of Kais?
er's Ships to Intern in American
Waters?May Bring up Question of
Washington, Dec. 15.?Voluntary
interment today of the German con?
verted cruiser Cormorant and her 22
otticers and 356 men, at Guam, an
American Pacific insular possession,
brought what promised to be aome
troublesome questions involving ob?
servance of American neutrality to a
As soon as the navy department
learned that the Cormorant had put
into Guam, short of coal, food and
water, there was an immediate dis?
cussion of the extent to which the^
'warship could replenish her supplies.
Jin view of Guam's remoteness^
from any German port, the decision
!to intern was expected but Capt. Max-:
iwell, governor of the far away navalj
station, wa? immediately instructed to'
!observe strict neutrality in ell hid
dealings with the German commanded
The Cormorant is a converted eruisl
or of 5,000 tons displacement ShJ
v. as acquired by Germany from Bus?j
s<a. It is supposed the ship ha? been
employed by the Germans as a com4
raerco destroyer in the Pacific. A
At first the vessel was believed to bjj
the unprotected cruiser Cormorant.j|
vessel of only 1,600 tons displacement
i but Capt. Maxwell's later message afl
nouncing the decision of the craft jm
intern, corrected that impression. 1A
The Cormorant is the second Gssj
man warship to intern in America
! waters since the outbreak of the w|B
! The other, the Geler, interned
Honolulu some time ago. JB
RICHMOND CUTS REDlSCOUl
Fifth District Reserve Rank RcdujH
It to ft Per Cent, on 30 Day N(d
Richmond, Va., Dec. 16.?The fgjf
eral reserve bank for the Fifth dlst|*wj
l<MMBtsev her? stouay aunounoed;<$B||p?
had lowered its rediscount rates ftf 6
per cent, on 30 day maturities;v.I 1-2
per cent, on 60 day maturities and 6
per cent, on longer maturities.
Todays' action followed the ap?
proval given yesterday by the fed?
eral reserve board at Washington to
smlllar rates for the rescrye bank for
the Sixth district at Atlanta and the
announcement that the other 11 banks
might also make such rates.
GIVES OUT STANDARDS.
Houston Promulgates Cotton Classifi?
Washington, Dec. 15.?Official cot?
ton standards to be used by future*
exchanges after February 18 were
promulgated today by Secretary Hous?
I The new standards, in accordance
.with the recently enacted cotton fu?
tures law, replace the official classifi?
cation heretofore used by the govern
jment. and cover the grades: Middling
? fair, strict good middling, good mld
jdling, strict middling, middling, strict
low middling, low middling, strict
good ordinary and good ordinary.
? is unconfirmed. Many houses were
demolished by the German bombard?
ment of Whitby. The historic abbey
of St. Hilda was partly destroyed.
Servians Captine? Austrian*.
Nish, Doc. 16.?The Servians cap?
tured six thousand Austria ns when
I Bolgrado was retaken.
Mikado Offers Troops.
i Petrograd, Dec. 16.?The Mikado
of Japan has offered Japanese troops
to fight side by side with the Rus?
sians and it is understood that the
Czar has accepted the proffer.
Battleships Bombard Germans.
Paris, Dec, in.?British battleships
today bombarded Westend, which is
now held by the Germans. The French
gained some ground, repulsing the at?
tacks of the Germans. (Official.)
NlfjS Killed at Hartlepool.
Mlddleboro, Dee. 16,?The German
bombardment of Hartlepool lasted
38 minutes, It is reported that nine
were killed, and a number Injured.
The town was badly damaged.
Germsn Defeat at Mlawa.
retrograd. Dee. 16.?All Germans
have been driven from the MlsWs ro
Rlon. The Russian offensive on the
Thorn-Soldau front has been resumed.
The Germans have been thrown back
across the Rsst Prussian border. The
Germans are badly demoralised.
. pro OF Hl?t
WORLD HAS NEVER SEEN MIS?
ERY LIKE BELGIUM'S.
Investigator Returns With Terrible
Story of Starvation and Deprivation
. ?One Long Bread Line?Stagnation
I Like a Blight Upon Whole War
j? Stricken Country?Help Needed
New York, Dec. 16.?"A tragic
misery, the like of which the world
has never seen,"' was the term applied
tonight to conditions in Belgium by
Theodore Waters, secretary to The
Christian Herald, who went to Bel?
gium last month to supervise distri?
bution of the food cargo of the relief
Steamer Jan Block and who returned
today. Belgium, he said, is one long
bread line of starving men, women
?nd children, clamoring for a daily
?ingle ration of soup and bread.
*'In Antwerp," he said, "I saw over
[a thousand poorly clad women stand?
ing shivering in the snow waiting for
food to be divided out. In Malines,
tinder the shadow of tne cathedral,
its walls caved in, its old stained
glass windows but ragged fragments,
I saw men, women and children gaz?
ing disconsolately at the ruins of the
houses that once were their homes,
(poor people who begged something to
eat of us as we passed. On the road
to Brussels we overtook thousands of
refugees returning to villages where
there is not food enough to sustain
those already there. In Brussels we
saw women holding babies standing
on the cold street corners begging for
"In Holland I found thousands of
Jrefugees from Belgium huddled in
|camps and on barges, some refined,
some coarse and brutalized, all sleep?
ing together without partitions to in?
sure the least privacy.
'Stagnation lies like a blight upon
|Belglum?stagnation of energy, of
hope. The country was one huge
burying ground. Graves, orphans, a
country desolate?its trees cut down
to make way for the bullets; its crops
long gone to seed, sticking leanly up
ithrough the snow; broken houses,
fWHbsn somes broken hearts! Yet
t-fie refugees were always on the road,
returning to desolate hearthstones.
"When I was in Brussels there was
only enough food on hand to last two
weeks. Unless a quantity is shipped
tin from America immediately, Brus?
sels will be threatened with famine,
i What is true of Brussels is true of s
I greater degree of all Belgium. Bel?
gium in normal times imports five
sixths of her food products. On ac?
count of the war she is not able to
produce even one-sixth. If she does
not receive food from America?and
that is her only source?her people,
rich and poor alike, will starve and
starvation will spell ruin. For when
people are hungry they are apt to
commit ill advised reprisals against
RAID ENGLISH COAST TOWNS.
Naval Battle in Progress, Following
Attacks on Uartlcpool and Sear
London, Dec. 16.?German warships
last night shelled Hartlepool and
Scarborough, English ports on the
North Sea. (I^ater) British warships
were sent out to repel the invaders
and a naval engagement is now on.
The admiralty says officially: "Gor?
man movements of some importance
'are taking place In the North Sea
j this morning. Scarborough and
! Hartlepool have been shelled. Our
: flotillas are engaged with the ene?
my at various points and the situation
is now developing."
The scene of battle is four hundred
miles from the Kiel Canal, where the
German fleet has been concentrated
since the outbreak of war.
PROHIBITION AMENDMENT LOST.
HohsonPs Resolution Hus a Majority in
the House But Cannot Get Two
Washington, Dec. 15.?The Hobson
resolution for national prohibition
will command a majority of votes in
the house, according to a poll of mem?
bers, but unless there is a change in
sentiment by December 12nd, it will
fail to get the necesary two-thirds t<>
send it to tiie senate.
USED WIFE AS SHIELD.
Let Her Receive Load of Shot Intend?
ed for IIlm.
Memphis, Dec. 15.?Using his wife
/>s a shield, William Tripp escaped in?
jury when his nine-year-old niece,
whom he was beating with poker,
seized a gun and fired. His wife was
killed. They lived a few miles oul
of town on a plantation.
Angered at Attack on Its Shores Men Enlist
For War, While Germany Rejoices at
Success of Expedition.
One Hundred Eight Killed and Three Hundred Wounded in
German Attack on Coast Towns?Fierce Hand-to-Hand
Encounter Marks Progress of Strife in Flanders Region
Report From Berlin is That Russians Are in Retreat and
Germans Directing Two Attacks Against Them From
Cracow?Petrograd Dispatch States That Russians Aie
Gradually Drawing in Lines Closer Around Cracow
Vienna Reports Russian Defeat in Galici? ?
British Bombard Turks.
Athens, Dec. 17.?A news dis?
patch from Mitylene states that the
British squadron on Sunday bombard?
ed the Turkish troops that are con?
centrated along the Saros Gulf, on
the Aegean sea.
AO Germany Rejoices.
Berlin, Dec. 17.?Official wireless?
j Several British warships were dam
laged, possibly sunk in the naval en
igagement following the bombardment
jof the English coast towns yesterday.
All the German ships escaped unin?
jured. The great feat is being cele
Ibrated throughout Germany. The fog
concealed the actual results of the
bombardment. Three British squad?
rons tried unsuccesfully to trap the
German cruisers. Reports that the
bombarded towns are unfortified is
British Deny Loss of Ships.
London, Dec. 17.?The admiralty
has flatly denied the rumor circulated
; today that two British warships were
j sunk by the Germans in the North
Britain's Death Toll.
London, (Official), Dec. 17.?Tlu
latest reports are that one hundred
and eight were killed, three hundred
'and flftean wounded .in yesUrtUy e
J bombardment of English coast towns
I by the Germans. . At Hartlepol flfty
jfive were killed and one hundred and
'fifteen wounded; at Scarborough
fifty-one were killed and two hundred
'wounded; at Whitby two killed and
two wounded. The government gives
only vague intimation of a naval bat
!tle. Every arm of the government is
cooperating to prevent another attack.
Cruisers patrol the sea, airships, with
! powerful search lights circle over the
coast and a sharp lookout is kept from
the land. England is aroused as never
before in centuries. Enlistments are
! pouring in.
Tennessee at Alexandria.
Alexandria, Dec. 3 7.?The United
States cruiser Tennessee arrived to?
day from Chios.
Servians Capture Ylshcgrad.
! Nish, Dec. 17, (Official)?The Ser?
bians who are pursuing the Austrians
j across the Drina river have been join?
ed by tho Montenegrins and have cap
Turks Arrest <irc*ck Officer.
Athens, Dec. 17.?The Greek naval
'officer attached to tho legation in
Constantinople has been arrested con?
demned to death as a spy. The Greek
! minister has demanded his release.
!The Greek government is making fur?
ther protests against the persecution
of Greeks at Aivali.
Warships Bombard Coast.
Dover, Dec. 17.?British warships
I continued to bombard the German
| Belgian coast today, silencing several
Mines Sink British Ships.
Scarborough, Dec. 17?The British
steamer Princess Olga, was sunk by a
mine six miles out today. The steam?
er Ellerwat.^r was sunk by a mine off
PlambOUgh at midnight. The crew ??f
the latter reported that another un?
identified steamer was sunk in tho
Russians Forced to Retreat.
Berlin, Dec. 17.?With Cracow as a
"?ase the Austro-Germans are direct?
ing two .sharp attacks against the Rus?
sians. The Russians have been forced
to ret teat everywhere in Poland.
French attacks in Flanders have been
Hand to Hand Fighting.
Paris. Dec. 17.-?Desperate band t-?
hand lighting is in progress in Inlan?
ders. The Fiench are attacking tlx
GSermans with bayonet and lire push?
ing the offensive vigorously. They
jhave capture ? .ral trenches toward
, the River I <? /he French have also
advanced C ae points in the region
of Verm ? There has been heavy
artiller * m at Tracy-Leval, on the
Aisne Jf .ie champaigne district, in
the ines and in the region of
Austrians Take Aggressive.
Vienna, Dec. 17.?Austrians in Gali
jcia today drove the Russians back on
'the Larnox-Cracow railroad to Boch
Jnia, recapturing Bochnia. They
[captured a number of Russian prison
! ers and machine guns in a great sortie
' from Przemsyl.
Closing in on Cracow.
Petrograd, Dec. 17.?The Russian
offensive against Cracow is maintained
'despite violent counter attacks. The
! Russian iron circle is being drawn
closer around Cracow. The main Aus
irian forces have retired into the
forts. The lighting is close range. Ter?
LYNCHING IN HAMPTON.
Negro Was Charged With Criminal
Hampton. Dec. 16.?A body of arm?
ed men broke into jail here early this
morning, took from the jailer, J. P.
i Bowers^ his keys and removed from a
cell1?negro,*XlUn^ylKotifi1 wno* Ws "'
being held on a charge of criminal as?
sault up.m the person of a young
white woman, and lynched him. The
'jailer states that his room was opened
and he was aroused about 1 o'clock
this morning. His bunch of keys was
'on a dresser close by and in a very
;few minutes the mob, which seemed
to consist of some 40 or 50 men, had
the negro and had gone, some staying
in the room with the jailer while
J others opened up the cell upstairs and
procured the prisoner.
The entire affair was kept so quiet
that few people in Hampton knew
janything about it until late in the
jday today. Sheriff Willilms was no?
tified some time shortly after the ne?
gro had been taken and he and his
j deputy, Herman L?ghtsey, set cut to
jsee if they could prevent the lynch
jing, find the body if the negro had
I been lynched, or apprehend the
jlynchers. Not until about 1 o'clock
today was the body discovered. No
one could be found who knew any?
thing about the lynching and now it
is impossible to get any definite, posi?
tive information as to the final af?
fair. The body was found lying near
jthe road between Hampton and Prince
j Williams Baptist church, about two
i miles from Hampton. The prisoner's
hands had been tied behind his back
and his body bore the marks of sev
Jeral bullet wounds.
It now appears that this negro at?
tempted an assault upon ? young
jwhite woman who lived near Prince
Williams church late Thursday after?
noon, December 10. He was working
'for a band of gypsies who were camp?
ling In that community.
POSTOFITCK BILL BKKMME THK
j Appropriations Aggregating $321.
700,511 In Measure Reported by
Washington. Dec. li.?Appropria?
tions aggregating $321,700,5141 for
conduct of the postal service are car?
ried by the postofltce bill reported to?
day to the house.
No provision for extension of the
service in Alaska and Puerto RICO tel?
egraph and telephone lines as recom?
mended i>\ Postmaster General Rur
leson was included, and other depart"
menl proposals were rejected.
The department, however, was au?
thorized to experiment on contracts
for rural free delivery routes.
Readjustment of salaries for rural
carriers is proposed. An spproprta*
lion of IftO.OOo for experiments in
aerial mail deliver)' was refused