Newspaper Page Text
postpones mm case.
SETTLEMENT WOULD BE UNPOP?
ULAR JUST NOW.
A neon* Note Stint up Teutonic People
and Recall of German Attache*
Adda to Anger.
Washington. Dec. 21.?Full settle?
ment of the Lusitania case, including
reparation for the lives of the Ameri?
can victims, which it became known
today recently was near, has been
postponed by the dismissal of the
German naval and military attaches
and the American demands on Aus?
tria-Hungary as a result of the sink?
ing of the Ancona.
Consideration of the state of pub?
lic opinion in Germany because of
these two acts of the American gov?
ernment, according to reliable in?
formation received here, has caused
officials in Berlin to decide that such
settlement as might be satisfactory to
the United States would not now meet
with popular approval In Germany.
An agreement, it was said, practi?
cally waa reached soon after the
American note to Great Britain pro?
testing against Interference with neu?
tral trade had been published In Ger?
many. The note, It is said, created a
remarkable pro-American sentiment
throughout Germany. At that time,
it la said, public opinion would have
approved receding a bit, making a set?
tlement of the controversy possible.
Negotiations between Secretary Lan?
sing and Count Bemstorff, the Ger?
man ambassador, were progressing
when the United States demanded the
withdrawal of Capt. Boy-Ed and Capt.
?on Papen. This act, according to ad?
vices here, caused German opinion to
swing back to resentment of the ac?
tion of the United States.
The demands upon Austria and the
vigorous terms in which the first note
wss couched next attracted adverse
criticism in Germany, and the resent?
ment, started by the request for the
recalls, Is described as having in?
To recede even a trifle at this time,
Berlin officials are said to believe,
would bring a storm of public disap?
proval and furnish the opposition to
the government with grounds for criti?
cism. Officials now believe that at
some time In the future, when
public opinion again Is more favor?
able to the United States, concessions
may be mado by Germany.
German officials are said to be con?
vinced that an Indemnity for the
Americans lost on the Lusitania and
something In the nature of a disavowal
will he the only measures to satisfy
the United States. They also are said
to feel that the only disavowal which
could be given was the promise not
to repeat such an act, which had al?
ready been given.
Just how near was an actual agree?
ment before the dismissal of the at?
taches may never be known. The Ger?
man ambassador and Secretary Lan?
sing have a mutual agreement not to
discuss the negotiations In any way.
It is believed, however, that the am?
bassador was about to make or had
made some sort of a proposal, which
might have met with the full or par?
tial approval of the United States. A
number of propositions had been
submitted by both sides at various
stages of negotlationa
The statement that the negotiations
havs been delayed for the time is
strengthened by the fact that Secre?
tary Lansing has not discussed the
Lusitania ease wP.h Count Von Bem?
storff since the request for the recall
of the attaches beeame public. Fi r
thermore, no communications upon
the subject have passed between the
secretary and the ambassador.
VETERAN* SEEKS INFORMATION.
Member of Garden's Battery Wishes to
Communh-ato With Old Comrades.
Editor Da tern:
I was i rlvate In Garden s Bat?
tery, Hask I] Battalion, A N. V., en?
listed In s battery In January, 1864
at Lindas ?atlon. Vs. The l attery
was mad* p in Chesterfield and Sum
ter dlatr I surrendered with the
battery A ^rll S, 186.r> at Appomattox
court ' -use, Virginia. I am now
nearl> blind and have not much of
this v rld's goods. It may be neces?
sary t* me to go to n soldiers' home,
but m order to do so I will have to
have two affidavits to establish my
service. I remember Conrad Coli?
stine. John and Hugh Scott, the
Reed's, Scarborough*. Francis FlSSU
er, Haynsworths and others. Will
you please publish this In y < >u r
paper in order that the boys may see
it and write me, also send a copy ol
J. A. Clark or
Burr Oak, Kan.. Dec. 14, I til,
l*lttsburg Bank Failure.
Plttsburg, Dec. 22.?Then was
rauch excitement among depositors
this morning when the Ptttahurg
Bank for Savings, one of the city's
Isrgsst savings Institutions, failed to
TRIES TO END TROUBLE.
ZW1EDINEK SKEKS TO SETTLE
Follows Plan Of Bernstorlf in Conner -
tion With Controversy Over Subma?
Washington, Dec. 21.?Pending re?
ceipt of Austria-Hungary's reply to
the second American note regarding
the sinking of the Italian steamship
Ancona, Baron Erich Zwicdinek,
charge of the Austro-Hungarian em?
bassy, is conducting r- forming a
basis to conduct informal negotiations
with Secretary Lansing, looking to?
wards an amicable settlement of con?
troversy. An intimation to that ef?
fect was received from the statement
today after tho charge had confer?
red at some length with the secretary. ]
It is understood Baron Zwiedinek is
attempting negotiations similar to J
those conducted by Count von Eern
storff, the German ambassador, fol?
lowing the sinking of the Arabic. It
Is considered improbable, however,
that such negotiations can develop to
an Important stage until after the re?
ceipt of the next formal communica?
tion from Austria-Hungary which is
expected some time within the next
Just what authority Baron Zwle
dlnek has been given by his govern-r
ment has not been made known. It
was recalled today that relations be?
tween the United States and Germany
were seriously strained when the Ger?
man ambassador was given virtually
a free hand to conduct the negotia?
tions. In some official quarters the
belief prevails that it was the negotia?
tions conducted by Count von Uern
storff which prevented the si I ation
from becoming even more itofiO\M
than it at one time admittedly was.
Baron Zwledlnek now is virtually
In the same position as the German
ambassador then found himself, and
It is thought in some circles that the
baron might accomplish more than
could be accomplished by direct ne?
gotiations between Washington and
Neither Secretary Lansing nor Bar?
on Zwledlnek would discuss their con?
ference today, it having been agreed
that beyond allowing it to be known
tha* the Ancona case was under dis?
cussion the matter should be regarded
Word of the receipt In Vienna of
the second American note had not
been received at the state department
However, the communication was
started over the cables Sunday after?
noon to Ambassador Penfield. Nor?
mally 36 hours is sufficient for a
diplomatic cable message to reach
Vienna, consequently Ambassador
Penfield should have received the note
some time today and it should reach
the minister of foreign affairs to?
STORES LACK PROTECTION.
Shortage of Men for Guard Duty
Worries Officials of Wur and Navy
Washington, Dec. 20.?Navy de?
partment officials it was learned to?
day are seriously concerned over the
inadequacy of the forcos available
to guard navy yards, arsenals and
other places where navy equipment
is manufactured or stored. With a
large part of the marine corps on ex?
peditionary duty in Haiti and on the
Mexican coast, guards at the navy
plants are said to be hardly a quart?
er as strong as officials think they
should bo for adequate protection.
No more marines or bluejackets can
be spared from the fleet, for already
tho reserve includes ships which navy
officials would prefer to see in full
commission. Secretary Daniels has
asked congress to provide for 7,500
additional bluejackets, 2,500 appren?
tice seamen and 1,500 marines to
meet this condition, but these men
will not bo available for a long time.
A somewhat similar condition pre?
vails In the war department with the
bulk of the mobile army stationed
along the Mexican border. Guards
at army posts and arsenals except
such poatl us are housing regular
garrisons are few in number and
have much government property in
their charge. A majority of the coast
defense batteries are in charge of
caretakers. The annual report of
the chief of coast aulllery shows that
guns worth $41,000,000 were Without
trained forces to man them, either
regulars or militia, and In many of
the posts in this list only a nominal
guard can be maintained.
TWO NEGHOEK LYNCHED.
Victim* or Mob Were. CI mined With
Murder of White Merchant.
Macon, Ga., Dec. 20.?Sam Bland
gfld WllllS Stewart, negroes, were
lynched shortly before midnight to?
night a quarter of a mile from East?
man, Dodge County, by a mob num?
bering approximately two hundred
persons. The bodies were then rid?
dled with bullets. They were charged
with the murder of A, ML Batchellor,
11 e lute merchant
VOTES HUGE WAR CREDIT.
REICHSTAG PASSES TEN BILLION
Only Nineteen Socialists Oppose Rill
to Supply Sinews for Teutonic
Berlin (via London), Dec. 21.?The
reichstag today passed the second and
third readings of the war credit of
10,000,000,000 marks which the gov?
ernment had requested. Only 19 So?
cialists voted in the negative.
Before the vote was taken Fried?
erich August Karl Geyer read a brief
statement on behalf of the Socialist
minority, explaining their negative
vote, while Friederich Ebert, the So?
cialist leader, spoke in behalf of the
Socialist majority and announced
amid loud applause that this wing of
the party would vote "yes."
Answering a question of Maj. Ernst
Bassermann, National Liberal, Dr.
Solf, the colonial secretary, denied
that Germany ever intended to at?
tack Cape Colony from Southwest Af?
rica, as had been asserted by the
Cape government. Dr. Solf said this
was proved by the fact that Germany
had reduced her military forces In
the Southwest from 10,000 in 1905 to
The colonial minister said that the
fighting in South Africa was begun by
the British and not the Germans. Ho
said it was proved in the Cape parlia?
ment that the British government had
falsified the map in order to make it
appear that the first light was on
British territory when it really was on
PEACE PARTY SPLIT AGAIN.
Norwegians Refuse to Assit While
Hungarian Woman is With Ford
London, Dec. 22.?The Norwegian
peace party declines to have anything
to do with the Henry Ford peace ex?
pedition, according to dispatches to
the London morning papers, as long
as Mme. Rosika Schwimmer is con?
nected with the movement. Some of
the dispatches state that a demand
has been made for her expulsion, de?
claring that it is impossible to give
the movement a neutral appearance
while a Hungarian; woman is an ac?
A dispatch to the Mail from Chris
tiania states that the managers' of
the mission announced today that the
Ford party would start for Stockholm
Thursday. The dispatch also said
Mme. Schwimmer sent out invitations
to a hundred prominent business
men, bankers and others of Chris
tiania to attend- receptions and other
functions at the Grand hotel.
"This attempt to stir up a sem?
blance of interest in tho mission met
with no success," tho dispatch de?
clares. "The only thing the people
want is to see the man who is will?
ing to spend $20,000,000 to end the
war, but Ford remains in hiding. Fif?
teen members of Ford's traveling of?
fice staff are to be sent back to the
United States tomorrow.
"The latest scheme to end the war
is r.aid to bo that Ford is to approach
armament makers in the belligerent
countries and by offering them orders
Will seek to induce them to cease
turning out equipment for armies."
BILL FOR RURAL CREDITS.
Work on Measure to Be Introduced in
Both 'Houses of Congress Practically
Washington, Dec. 21.?A rural
credits bill to be intr^Juced in both
houses of congress after the holi?
days was virtually completed today by
the special joint committee created
by the last congress for report at this
uossion. Only a few details remain
to bo decided.
The measure provides for a sys?
tem of cooperative local association
federated and regional land banks
which banks would have the power to
issue bonds based on the land mort?
gages of the local association. The
land banks, 12 in number, would be
supervised by the government through
a board appointed by ihe president.
They would be distributed In accord?
ance with the agricultural needs of
the country, and would have a com?
bined capital stock of not less than
European systems of land mortgage
credit have been studied closely by
the committee in working out Its
PROTEST BY HOLLAND.
Objection to Seizure of Dutch Mail.
London, Dec. 21.?A Renter dis?
patch from The Hague says:
"The foreign ministry announces
that mo Netherlands government has
sent a protest to the British gov?
ernment against the seizure of Dutch
mall bags on the steamers Noordam,
Prllla and Rotterdam and demanded
an immediate return of the mall. The
hope was expressed in the protest
that the Incidents would not be re?
HYDE FOR LAW AND ORDER.
CHARLESTON'S NEW MAYOR
MAKES STATEMENT OF HIS
In Inaugural Address Executive Calls
on People of Charleston to Live Un?
der Laws of State to Secure Best
Charleston, Dec. 20.?That there
must be no compromise with lawless?
ness in Charleston during his admin?
istration was stressed by Mayor Tris?
tram T. Hyde in his inaugural ad
adress to the packed galleries and
crowded city council chamber today
at noon when he and 24 aldermei.
elected to serve for the ensuing four
years took the oath of office adminis?
tered by Recorder Theodore D. Jer
"Enforcement of law and the co?
operation of our citizens in strong,
healthy sentiment in favor of such
enforcement, is at the foundation of
all moral progress. The strength or
weakness of any city is revealed when
the veil is withdrawn from the hid?
den life," declared the new mayor of
"If, however we are lawabiding,
and can demonstrate that condition as
a real fact. Then and only then can
we have a chance for a patient hear?
ing by our lawmakers as to any de?
sired change," he continued. "We
must face all of the laws as we find
them, and enforce them until others
can be secured which may better suit
our local conditions.
"Let me beg you therefore to re?
member that we can never prosper
commercially, as far as our relations
to our own State are concerned, and
we can never have the influence we
should have in Soutn Carolina, until
we agree to live under the laws made
by our legislature for the whole
State. We must let it be known that
we are a part of our State and that we
are ready to join hands with all sec?
tions of the political, educational,
commercial and moral uplift of all of
On the rostrum were Mayor Grace,
who opened the meeting of city coun?
cil, Maj. Hyde and Recorder Jervey.
As soon as Maj. Hyde took the oath
and became formally the chief execu?
tive of the city of Charleston, Mr.
Grace handed him the keys to the
mayor's office and left the chamber.
Applause broke out as the mayor and
the ex-mayor exchanged greetings.
Following the administration of the
oath to Mayor Hyde, the 24 alder?
men-elect came forward, four at a
time, and took the oath from the
mayor, completing the essentials of
the induction ceremonials.
There was a capacity attendance
upon the cemeronials of today, which
Instituted a new administration. Per?
fect order prevailed, and the pro?
gramme of installation proceeded
smoothly and impressively. The
mayor, the mayor-elect and aldermen
elect assembled in the city court room
shortly before the hour of noon, and
at the stroke of 12 marched into
council chamber. Recorder Jervey,
with Mayor Grace on his left and
Mayor-elect Hyde on his right, head?
ed the line. Promptly the officials
took their seats and Mayor Grace
rapped lor order. He instructed Clerk
of Council Barbot to read the election
At 12.10 o'clock the clerk read the
roll of the new administrative offi?
cials. All were present. Mayor
Grace then requested Recorder Jer?
vey to administer the oath to the
mayor-elect. This oath is of two
parts, one having to do with qualifi?
cation and supporting of the laws of
the country and State, and the second
part referring to dueling.
Mayor Hyde announced the stand?
ing committee of council. There are
24 of these committees who perform
the detailed work of this govern?
Alderman C. M. Pinckney succeeded
himself as chairman of the ways and
means committee. Alderman Doug?
las was named chairman of the com?
mittee on streets.
The signal of adjournment proved
to be the opening of an informal re?
ception by Mayor Hyde, who shook
hands with large numbers of his
friends who gathered about him and
Mrs. Hyde, who sat with friends just
within eouncil chamber during the
meeting. There were handsome (low?
ers upon the mayor's desk, which
lent a touch of extra brightness to
the occasion, even if the weather out?
side lacked sunshine.
INDIA'S CHOP SMALL.
Cotton Acreage Cut About 23 Per Cent
Washington, Dec. 21.?India's cot?
ton acreage for the 1915-1G season is
only three-quarters of what it was in
the 1911-15 season. American Con?
sul Smith at Calcutta has sent to the
state department the Indian govern?
ment's second forecast showing the
area to be Hi,253,000 acres against
22,152,000 acres last season. The de?
crease is attributed chiefly to the low
prices obtained for cotton List sea?
son. The crop is reported on the
Thole fair to good.
AGAINST ADVERTISING FRAUDS
BICHL AND MEMBER TO INTRO- :
J)UCE PENALIZING BILL.
State Health Board Favors Measure
Wldch Alan John&tone, Jr., is to
Columbia, Dec. 21.?The State
board of health will recommend to the
legislature the passage of a bill look
in? to the fulfillment of the slogan,
"Truth," in advertising, which is also
one of the goals of the Columbia Ad?
vertising club and the Associated Ad?
vertising Clubs of the World, which
It is affiliated. The bill will be pre?
sented by Alan Johnstone, Jr., of the
The proposed statute will be known
as the printers' act. Similar measures
have already been passed in the fol?
lowing States: Louisiana, Connecticut,
Indiana, Iowa, Maryland, Massachu?
setts, Minnesota, Michigan, Neoraska,
New Jersey, New York, North Dakota,
Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode
Island, South Dakota, Utah, Washing?
ton and Wisconsin. The law in part
is as follows:
"Any person, firm, corpoiation or
association, who, with intent to sell
or anywise dispose of merchandise
securities, service or anything offered
by such persons, etc., directly or in?
directly to the public for sale or dis?
tribution, or with intent to increase
the consumption thereof or to induce
in any manner to enter into any
obligation relating thereto or to ac?
quire title thereto or an interest
therein, makes, publishes, dissemi?
nates, circulates or places before the
public or causes to be made, etc., in
this State in a newspaper or other
publication or in the form of a book,
notice, handbill, poster, bill, circular,
pamphlet or letter or In any other
way, an advertisement of any sort re?
garding merchandise, securities, ser?
vices or anything so offered to the
public, which advertisement contains
an assertion, representation or state?
ment of fact which is untrue, decep?
tive or misleading, shall be guilty of
ABIDE BY COURTS ORDER.
Governor Says Section Under Which
Ho Acted is Declared Unconstitu?
Columbia, Dec. 21.?Gov. Manning,
after reading the decision of the su?
preme court, said:
"When I was inaugurated governor
last January I took an oath to pre?
serve, protect and defend the con?
stitution of this State and of the
United States. The constitution con?
fers upon the supremo court the duty
of determining the constitutionality of
acts of the legislature.
"Section 841 of the code reads: 'Any
constable, deputy constable, sheriff or
magistrate who shall neglect or re?
fuse to perform the duties required by
this chapter shall be subject to sus?
pension by the governor.'
"Acting under this provision I sus?
pended the sheriff of Kershaw coun?
ty for neglect of duty. The supreme
court has held that section 841 of the
code is unconstitutional in so far as
it relates to the office of sheriff, and
I shall do what I expect every other
citizen to do, whether as an official
or private individual, to respect the
decisions of the supreme court and
to obey its decrees without question."
SHERIFF OF KERSHAW REIN?
State's Highest Tribunal Declares
Governor Can't Remove Sheriff.
Columbia, Dec. 20.?Declaring that
the governor has no power to remove
or suspend a sheriff, the supreme
court tonight reinstated W. W. Hucka
bee to the office of Kershaw county,
from which he was suspended several
months ago by Gov. Manning for al ?
leged failure to enforce the prohibi?
tion laws. The decision of the court,
which was written by Asociate Justice
Hydrick, was unanimous. The court
declares that tho statute under which
the governor suspended Sheriff
Iluckabee and named Isaac C. Hough
as his successor is unconstitutional.
A CALL TO DUTY.
Members of Legislature Requested to
3Ieet Commissioners and Represen?
tation of Grand Jury.
To the Honorable Members of the
Legislative Delegation of Sumter
Gentlemen: You are hereby re?
quested to meet with the County
Board of Commissioners on the fourth
of next month at noon, to discuss with
them a legislative matter pertaining
to the proposed question of a new jail
for Sumter county.
C. E. Rtubbs, Chairman,
Public Buildings Committee, Grand
Lynched in Georgia.
Eastman, Ga., Dec. 21.?The bullet
liddled bodies of Willie Stewart and
Samuel Bland, negroes, were found in
the woods. The men were taken from
jail during Ihc nighl and lynched.
ASKS MONEY FOR WEEVIL WAR
HOUSTON WOULD PUSH CAM?
PAIGN AGAINST PEST.
Sea Island District, Invaded for
First Time, Requires Special Meth?
ods of Treatment.
Washington, Dec. 20.?An addi?
tional $64,400 to extend the agricul?
tural department's campaign against
the boll weevil in Southern cotton
fields was requested by Secretary
Houston in a memorandum sent to
congress. The secretary points out
that the area infected by the insect
had been greatly enlarged in the last
year, the sea island districts of Geor?
gia and Florida beinr threatened and
developing cotton growing industry in
Arizona being handicapped by the ap?
pearance there of a new form of pest.
"Conditions m the sea island dis?
tricts," the secretary says in his mem?
orandum, "are peculiar and there is
every indication that the control of
the boll weevil there will require the
development of methods somewhat
different from those found effective
in short staple districts. The sea
island varieties develop and mature
more slowly than the upland. They
are grown on lands where conditions
are likely to render the control of the
boll weevil more difficult. This situa
tion demands special experiment work
in regions which became infested for
the first time the present year. The
States directly involved have urged
that the department assist in a cam?
paign against the pest in this re?
BARBAROUS TRAFFIC IN BABIES.
Maryland Vice Commission Presents
Sensational Report on Disposal of
Baltimore, Dec. 20.?The State-wide
vice eommission appointed by Gov.
Goldsborough in January, 1913, today
made public the results of its inquiry.
Probably the most sensational feature
dealt with is the alleged traffic in
babies. It is asserted that investiga?
tors found there are institutions in
Baltimore to which the mother of an
illegitimate child may consign her off?
spring upon the payment of a certain
sum and forever rid herself of legal
responsibility for it. . ,
Of the hundreds of children taken
by the institution the commission
avers that 80 to 90 per cent, die and
are buried in heaps in small plots of
ground, one such plot approximately
65 feet square having been the
tomb of 5,000 babies since 1886.
ROLALTY HAD NARROW ES?
King and Queen Endangered by
Bombs Thrown by German Flying
Paris, Dec. 20.?Details of the nar?
row escape from death recently of
the king and queen of Belgium when
German aviators threw bombs on the
fishing village where the royal couple
now reside, are printed today by The
The king and queen were coming
out of church from mass with the
rest of the congregation, says the pa?
per's correspondent, when six Ger?
man aeroplanes appeared, flying low.
Apparently they were coming from
Ostend. The king at once told the
people to scatter and take shelter,
but the aeroplanes approached so
rapidly that few had time to comply
with his instructions before the ma?
chines were over the village. Two
bombs fell a few yards from the king
and queen but they were not hit by
the flying fragments. The corre?
"This is the fifth air raid which
has been absolutely unjustified since
the village is unfortifed and is in
habitated only by fishermen. What
makes it worse is that the aeroplanes
came from the section of the German
front commanded by the prince of
W?rttemberg, first cousin of the
PELLAGRA DEATH RATE.
State Bureau Ren* ?ts Over 1,300
There were 1,306 deaths from pel?
lagra In South Carolina between Jan?
uary 1 and October 31 of this year,
giving an annual death rate of 81.2
per 100,000 inhabitants, according
to figures submitted by the State bu?
reau of vital statistics, of which C,
Wilson Miller is chief clerk. Accord?
ing to color and sex, the death rates
and the number of deaths from pel
Isgra is as follows: White men 144,
rate 8.9; white women 278, rate 17.3;
negro men 263, rale 16.4; negro wo?
men 621, rate 38.6.
EDISON EMPLOYEE SUICIDES.
Advertising Manager Takes Dose ot
New York, Dec. 21.?-W. C. Andrews,
advertising manager of the Edison
Storage Battery Company, committed
suicide in the Hotel Chelsea, taking
strychnine. He lived with his wife
and two daughters at East Orange.