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THE SUMTER WATCHMAN, Established April, 1S50.
Ricljman au? J5ontl)ron.
"Bo Jum and Fe*r m>i?lioc sH Uie ends Thoa Aims't at be thy Countrr'h. Tb.y God's *>u Tratk's." lkit: TRI hc i hrov
"Bo Jum iu?d *>ear not?Jbec sM me ends Ttooa Alma't at be thy Oouuitj'b, Thy God's asm IntS'i"
IME TRI * DUX HRON, Ai*u?Oki*Ucd 4\ku* i ??e
Consolidated Aur. 2,1881.
SUMTER, S. C, WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 17, 1917.
1 Vol.XLIlI. No. 44.
BLAMES THEM FOR PROVOKING
THE GREAT WAR.
Peace PropoNals Made by Germany
Were Sincere and Opened Way for
Negotiation*? Refusal of Allies to
Entertain Proposal Renders Them
Responsible for Continuation of
Bloodshed and Suffering.
Berlin, Jan. 11 (via Sayville).?
Germany today handed neutral gov?
ernments a note concerning the reply
of the entente to the German peace
proposals, the Overseas News Agency
It la firit stated, says the news
agency announcement, that the Ger?
man government has received the re?
ply of the entente to the note of De?
cember 12 containing a proposition to
snter at once Into peace negotiations.
The note then continues:
"Our adversaries declined this prop?
osition, giving as the reason that it is
a proposition without sincerity and
without importance. The form in
which they cloths their communica?
tion excludes! sa answer to them but
the imperial government considers It
important to point out to the govern?
ments of neutral powers its opinion
regarding the situation. The cen?
tral powers have no reason to
enter Into any discussion regard?
ing the origin of the world war.
History will Judge upon whom the
immense guilt of the war shall fall,
history's verdict will as little pas
over the encircling policy of England,
the revengeful policy of France and
the endeavor of Russia to gain Con?
stantinople as over the Instigation of
the Servian assassination of Sarajevo
and the complete mobilisation of Rus?
sia, which meant war against Ger?
"Germany and her allies, who had
to take up arms for defense of their
liberty and their existence, consider
thin, their aim of the war, as obtained.
"On the other hand, the hostile
powers always went further away
f*aejt> the realisation of their plans
Which, according to the declarations
others, directed toward the'
conquest of Alsace-Lorraine and sev?
eral Prussian provinces, the humilia?
tion and diminution of the Austro
Hungarian monarchy, the partition of
Turkey and the mutilation of Bul
"In tho face of such war alms, the
demand for restitution, reparation
end guarantees in the mouth of our
adversaries produces a surprising ef?
"Our adv rlcs call the proposal
of the four allied (Teutonic) powers
a war munocuvre. Germany and her
allies must protcs. in the most ener?
getic fashion against such a charac?
terisation of their motives which were
frankly explsinea. They were per?
suaded that a poace which was Just
and acceptable to all the belligerents
was posslblo, that it could be brought
about by *ej Immediate spoken ex?
change of vlovs and that, therefore,
the responsibility for further blood?
shed could rot be taken.
"Their readiness was affirmed with?
out reservation to muko known their
peace conditions when negotiations
were entered Into, which refutes every
doubt as to their sincerity.
"Our adversaries, who had it In their
hands to examine the proposition as
to Its contents, neither attempted an
examination nor made counterpro?
posals. Instead, they declared that
peace was Impossible so long as the
re-establishment of violated rights and
liberties, the recognition of the prin?
ciple of nationalities und tho free ex?
istence of small states were not guar?
"Tho sincerity which our adver?
saries deny to the proposal of the
four alia d powers (Teutonic) will not
bo conceded by the world to these de?
mands if the world holds before it>
eyes the fate of the Irish people, the
destruction of the liberty and lade*
l"udence of the Boer republic, tie
subjugation of nortern Africa b>
Kngland, Krance and Italy, the sup
gfengom af Itnggfcui eHenatlens and
also the violation of Greece, which is
without pri( edent in history.
"Against the pretended \iolalions
of the laws of nations by the four al?
lies (Teutonic* these powers are not
entitled to complain, which from the
beginning of the war trampled as
Justice and tore to pieces the treat,< I
upon which it is built. England al?
ready durinfc the first weeks of th"
war repudiated the Ijendon declare?
Ulon. the contents of Which had hern
recognized by its own delegates a ; .1
valid law of nations, and in the fa ?
ther course of the war violated in tie
most severe fashion also the Tans
declaration: so that by her arbitrary
measures for warfare a condition of
? wltjssneHs luui been created,
RAPIST PLEAD GUILTY.
JOHN WILLIAMS AOMITS CRIMI?
NAL ASSACI/T IN OKAXGE
Carried to Columbia After Brtef Trial
to Serve Forty Years in Peniten?
Orangeburg, Jan. 11.?John Wil?
liams, a young white man of the
Neeses section of Orangcburg county,
today, by arrangement of counsel,
pleaded guilty to a charge of crimi?
nal assault, with recommendation to
mercy of the court. Such a consent
verdict was written and signed by the
foreman of a jury empaneled for that
purpose. Tho defendant was sen?
tenced to serve a term of 40 years in
the State penitentiary.
The crime was committed about
two weeks ago upon a prominent!
young married woman In tho Neeses
section. Feeling grew intense and as
soon as Williams was arrested, upoa
his own suggestion, he was taken to
the 8tate penitentiary for safekeep?
ing. Unaware ho was brought to
Orangeburg today and no largo
crowd was in attendance upon court
when he was placed in the dock.
Immediately after sentence, he was
hastened to Columbia to entar upon
his term. Williams Is a member of *
prominent family of the Neeses sec?
Honor Roll of Stateburg School.
Frist grade, Hope Willlamr.
Second grade, Elizabeth Richard?
Third grade, John Frank Williams.
Fifth grade, William Brown.
"The war of starvation against
Germany and tho preroure exercised
In England's interest against neutrals
are not less scandalously conflicting
with the rules of the laws of nations
as with the commands of humanity.
"Likewise, contrary to the laws of
nations, and Incompatible .with ' the
usages of civllzatlon, are' at, use of
colored troops In Europe and the ex
?the war into Africa, which
M which undermines the
if the white raco on that
continent. The barbarous treatment
of prisoners, especially in Africa and
Russia, and the deportation of the
civil population from Eastern Prus?
sia, Alsace-Lorraine, Oalicia and Bu
okwina, are further proof If our ad?
versaries point to Uie special situa?
tion of Belgium. The imperial gov?
ernment has alwiys observed the
duties which were enjoined upon her
by her neutrality. Already before tho
war, Belgium, under England's influ?
ence, sought support In military fash?
ion from England and France and
thus herself violated the spirit (of tho
treaty) which she had to guarantee
her independence and neutrality.
"Twice the imperial government
declared to the Belgium government
that it did not come as an enemy to
Belgium and asked it to spare the
country the terrors of war.
"Germany offered to guarantee tho
integrity and independence of the
kingdom to tho full extent and com?
pensate for all damages which might
be caused by the passage of the Ger?
man troops. It is known that the
royal British government in 1S87 was
resolved not to oppose the use of the
right of way through Belgium ander
"The Belgian government declined
tho repeated offers of the imperial
government. Upon her and those pow?
ers which instigated her to this atti?
tude falls the responsibility for the
fate w hich befell Belgium.
"The accusations ubout the Ger?
man warfare In Belgium and the
measures taken there in the interest
of military safety have been repeat?
edly refutrd by the imperial govern?
ment as untrue. Germany Again of?
fers enerffctic protest againsi. these
"Germany and her allies have nv do
an honest attempt to terminate the
war ami <?pcn the road for an under?
standing among ths belligerents. The
Importal governmsn1 asssrts ths fact
that it msrely depended upon the de?
cisions of our adversaries Whether
Um rond toward penes should i?e on*
lorod upon or not. The hostile gov?
ernments declined to accept this road.
Upon them fails the full responsibility
for th<> continuation of tho bloodshed.
"?Mir allied powers, however, shall
continue the struggle In nule con?
fidence and with Arm trust In their
light, until peace Is lalned which
guarantees t<> their nations honor,
existence ami liberty of development,
and Which to all the nations of the
European continent gives tb<> bless?
ing to cooperate In mutual ro?|ieel
and ander equal rights together for
the solution of the groat problems of
CAPITAL CITY NEWS.
MANY VISITORS TO COLUMBIA
FOR FOUNDERS DAY EXER?
CISES AT UNIVERSITY. I
Scvcrnl Prominent Speakers?ftr.
Rcavis Declines Call?Gov. and Bfl?rs
Manning: to Receive;?Plenty of
plicuuts for State Bank Examinees
Job?Approves Resignation of
Columbia, Jan .11.?Hundreds ,.
visitors were in Columbia today
the exercises incident to Foundofs'
Day at tho University of South
Addresses were delivered by Pv
Gadsden of Charleston, the Rev. Jdgm
E. White, presirdent of Anderson
I lege, and President Charles W.
ney of the University of Cincinnat
A. Wright responded for the
The Rev. James O. Reavjs, Dr
professor of English Bible, pt
theology and homiletics at Colui
Theological seminary, announced
terday that he had declined the
recntly extended by the congref
of Purity Presbyterian church
Chester. Dr. Reavis said that tha-i
was very attractive and that
highly honored, but that he musjtl
plete his work recently begun
Invitations to the annual re
to the members of the general
bly to be held next Tuesday
were issued today by Gov. and
Manning. Inaugural exercises
held Tuesday at noon in the hoi
Gov. Manning is receiving
applications for appointment aj|
bank examiner to succeed I. M. ]
din of Pickens, who has resigi
accept a place with the Palmett
tional Bank. Scores of tele
and letters have been receive*
dorsing the various candidates.,
W. W. Moore, adjutant gene
Washington on business in conmj
with the National Guard. He1
also attend a meeting of the
tlve committee of the natioi
elation for the promott
?ietlce. * ^ ?
Gov. Manning has approved the
resignation of Col. E. M. Blytho of
tho First regiment. The resignation
now goes to the war department for
'DISHONOR LIST'' COMPLETED.
State's Attorney Hoyne Ready to Sab?
mit Names of Those in Gruft Trust
to (?rund Jury.
Chicago, Jan. 12.?The names of a
hundred policemen and politicians to?
day were on the "list of dishonor."
State's Attorney Hoyne is ready to
submit to the grand jury the Alleged
figures in tho gigantic graft and vice
trust. Healey has been made a cap?
tain and granted a furlough.
THAW WILL RECOVER.
Under Guard in Hospital He Passed
Philadelphia, Jan. 12.?Physicians
attending Harry Thaw stated this
morning that he passed a fairly com^
fortable night and had a fair chance
for recovery. Two detectives remain
near his bedside. Thaw continues in
a sort of daze and displays Interest
In nothing, but seems to desire to
Detectives say they found the key
to the room at the McAlpin hotel, New
i'ork, in which the Gump boy alleges
he was beaten, among Thaw's effects.
Thaw refused today to make a stat?
ment about the charges, or his at?
tempted suicide, out said: "I am
glad to be alive." He then begged
that he be left alone. Thaw will be
turned over to the New York au?
thorities when he has recovered suffi?
ciently. He shows no sign of poison
('OL. HOUSE AGAIN.
President's Unofficial Advisor at White
Washington, Jan. 12,?Col. House,
ths unofficial adviser of President
Wilson, reached the White House
early today and immediately went into
conference with the president. They
Went over in detail the entente re?
ply to the peace note. It is believed
both think the way open to the Unit?
ed States to further urge peace upon
the belligerents, it 's rumorod the
president will send Col, House on an?
other mission abroad.
The president will continue his ef?
forts for peace, but in future they
wi'i i?e carefully guarded from all
publicity. He believes that both
sides Want peace.
Chicago, Jan, 12.-?Eggs jumped t?
80 rents a do/en today, A o egg Cttltt
Ing li threatened,
PEACE NOTES CONSIDERED.
PRESIDENT MAKING CAREFUL
STUDY OF BELLIGERENTS'
Next Step in Move for Peace Not De?
termined, but Hope of Bringing
Waring Nations Together in Con?
ference to Discuss Terms on Which
War May be Brought to a Close.
Washington, Jan. 12.?The atti?
tude of President Wilson toward the
replies of the warring nations to his
suggestion that an opportunity be
given for comparing peace terms re- I
mained undetermined tonight. Pre?
liminary discussion of the question
was begun at today's cabinet meet?
ing, and at conferences between ihc
president and Secretary Lansing and
between the president and Col. E.
j M. House who spent the day at the
Informally officials express the
opinion that the problem facing the
president is how to reconcile the
conflicting attitudes of the central
powers and the entente allies on the
question of comparing terms. The
central powers having offered to dis?
cuss peace at a conference of repre?
sentatives of the belligerents and the
entente powers, though virtually de?
clining to agree to a conference,
having given their broad terms pub?
licly, it was suggested that the pres?
ident might seek a new method of
having terms compared.
In his original note he said he was
indifferent as to the means employed
to btaln this desired end. and H
was thought he now would avoid
putting himself in the position of ad?
vocating a particular method. In one
administration quarter it was sug?
gested that one or more European
neutrals might urge Germany and
her allies to make public their peace
terms, and others thought it possi?
ble that a voluntary statement might
?be forthcoming from Berlin after th^
text of the entente reply had been
handed to the foreign office for its
^nCormatlon by Ambassador Gerard.
not been transmitted to American
diplomats in the Teutonic countries,
although it is generally assumed that
this will be the first step actually
taken by the United States.
Secretary Lansing broke his silence
on the subject today only to say defi?
nitely that no action had yet been
It is generally agreed everywhere
that the nature of the terms of the
enttsiitt, with the intimations from
German sources that such terms can
not be accepted, make an early peace
The preliminary view of the ad?
ministration, however, still is that the
door to discussion was not entirely
cldsed. In the German view here it
rests entirely with the president
whether negotiations would be con?
tinued at this time. It is regarded as
certain that the Germanic allies will
consider any propositon Mr. Wilson
may moke, and that they probably
would be willing even to discuss in a
conference with their enemies the
conditions stated In their reply.
At the same time it is reiterated
that Germany and her allies never
upon any consideration would accept
such terms and should they agree to
enter a conference to discuss them
It would be with the idea that the
i entente might recede from its posi?
tion. In this connection the Germans
express the belief that the entent sot
forth In its note the objects it desired
to achieve rather than the only terms
upon which it would make peace, and
that as the communication was writ?
ten for publication broadcast, it prob?
ably could be expected that objects or
terms less moderate than those given
could have been stated. Extreme ret?
icence was observed today at the
White House and state department. It
was said so many delicate points are
involved that very careful study will
be given to the problem before any
decision Is reached.
The view was genially expressed
that the Hrst milestone in the nego?
tiations inaugurated by Mr. Wilson
had been reached and that there
would have to be a general assess?
ment of the entire situation before an?
other move could be made. No esti?
mate was placed on the probable
time which may elapse before- th<> d< -
clslon of the president Is made known
although the long conference between
the president and Secretary Lansing
today, coming so soon after the re?
ceipt of the entente note, was taken
to mean that there will be no unneces?
Peace and the questions allied witii
it were discussed only generally ;?i the
cabinet meeting, bui afterwards 11
president and Secretary Lnnslng went
to Mr, Wilson*? private study togcth
CONSPIRACY AGAINST HI RAJ
San lYancisco Authorities Deelare
Those Connected With the Anar?
chist Journal to Blame.
San Francisco, Cal., Jan. 12.?
Alexander Berkman, editor of The
Blast, an Anarchist publication, and
seven others prominent in labor cir?
cles here, today were charged with
having directed a conspiracy to as?
sassinate Senator Hiram W. Johnson,
"blow up the State"and to overthrow
the government. Those who were al?
leged to be associated with Berkman
include Miss M. E. Fitzgerald, his sec?
retary; Robert Minor, treasurer for
the International Workers' Defense
league; Thomas J. Mooney, labor or?
ganizer, and four others who are on
trial for murder in connection with
the bomb explosion t'iat killed partic?
ipants in the preparedness parade here
The charges were made by Assist?
ant District Attorney Edward A.
Cunha during the Mooney trial. He
declared that proof of his chargers
was contained in letters and papers
seized in a recent raid on the oilices
I of The Blast.
Cunha said that at the proper time
j Berkman, Miss Fitzgerald and Minor
would be arrested and charged with
I murder in connection with the bomb
! explosion as the leaders of the alleged
j At the Mooney trial District Attor?
ney Charles M. Fickert chargco
Mooney wrote an article in an In?
dustrial Workers of the World publi?
cation in Cleveland, Ohio, in October,
1914, in which he declared that un?
less Gov. Johnson pardoned two men
convicted as the result of the killing
of a district attorney of Sutter coun?
ty, California, in 1911, "he would only
have himself to blame if he got hurt."
Fickert said he had more evidence
which would be produced at the
proper time connecting subsequent
actions of those accused of the con?
spiracy. Mooney's trial will be re
nurned Monday morning. ."^"-T~- ^a^^
I er, and remained there for more than
an hour. i
When he left the White House Mr.
Lansing refused to answer questions.
Col. House, who came here last
night to attend a dinner given in Mr.
Wilson's honor by the secretary of
State, remained until late this after
non and conferred with several ot>
licials. He refused to discuss his visit.
Already officials are trying to work
I out the possible points of agreement
I between the opposing alliances bas<?d
J upon the entente note and the fler
I man chancellor's speeches. Both, it
j is pointed out, agre to the evacua
j tion of France and Belgium. The
only questions left open on the West
front, therefore^ are the allied de?
mands for indemnities and the inti?
mations that Alsace-Lorraine must
be returned to France, with some kind
of security for maritime frontiers.
On the East front the provinces of
Lithuania and Poland are in dispute.
Lithuania, formerly Russian butcom
quered by Germany, has been prom?
ised autonomy. Both Germany and
Russia have promised Polish indepen?
dence, though Germany contemplates
making a separate kingdom of Rus
J sian Poland only, while Russia's plans
contemplate Russian Poland added to
German and Austrian Poland.
it is in the reconstruction of the
Balkans that the alliances apparently
ire most bitterly at odds. Italy, be?
sides demanding all the territory that
Austria would have given her with?
out a war, wants also the city of
Trieste. Austria's main seaport, and a
large part Of the Dalmatian coast.
The desire of Germany and Austria
to punish Bervia oilers a most com?
plicated difficulty as the allies hive
demanded that country ? restoration
Bulgaria demands parts of Servia.
Macedonia and Roumanla as her re?
compense I'm' tho war. and has Stated
through her premier that her work,
consisting in conquering those sec?
tions, now is finished.
The whole question of the return
of various nationalities to their own
countries presents a complex and con?
Turkey then remains. The allies
have demanded her withdrawal from
Europe, without saying who shall till
the vocacy at Constantinople. For?
mer Premier Trepoff has announced
that the allies have promised that
l ily with the straits to Russia. Tho
Turkish capital and the proposed di?
vision "i* the Ottoman empire in Asia
Minor furnish still another tremen?
The question <u' colonies and of tlu>
l\<r Diisi is hei unfouclu d in t he
allied Blutcincut, tier man j informal
IMA READY FOR PEACE.
DW PREPARED TO MAKH
Communication to Neutrals by Austro?
11 ungarjau Government on Entente
London, .Ian. 12.?Count Czernln
von Chudenitz, the Austro-Hungarian
foreign minister, had addressed to the
diplomats to the United States and
other neutrals and of the holy see
a note defining the Austro-Hungarian
, government's views of the situation
created by the entente's reply to the
j peace proposals of the central pow?
ers, according to a Vienna dispatch
under Thursday\s date transmitted by
Ueuter's Amsterdam correspondent.
The note, although not identical
with the German note on the subject,
follows the same lines as does the
German document, the dispatch states,
I emphasizing particularly the situation
existing between Austria and Servia.
In this section the note is thus quot?
"In the course of preceding the Aus?
tro-Hungarian ultimatum to Servia
the monarchy, displayed sufficient
proof of its forbearance towards the
ever increasing hostility, aggressive
intention and intrigues of Servia un?
til the momc it when linally the noto*
rious murders at Sarajeo made fur?
ther indulgence impossible."
In a later passage of the note, as
quoted in the dispatch, appears the
"The question as to on which side
the military situation is the stronger
may confidently be left to the judg?
ment of the world. The four allied
powers now look on their purely de?
fensive war aims as attained, while
their enemis travel farther and far?
ther from the realization of their
plans. For the enemy to character?
ize our peace proposals as meaning?
less, so long as our peace conditions
are unknown, is merely to make an
arbitrary assertion. We had made
full preparations for the acceptance,
of our offer to make known our peace
conditions on entering into the ?a*P
to end the war by a verbal exchange
of views with the enemy govern?
ments. Before God and mankind we
repudiate responsibility for continu?
ance of the war."
SHELL PLANT BLOWN UP.
Large Munitions Factory Near New
York Wrecked by Terrible Explo?
New York, Jan. 11.?The plant of
the Canadian Car & Foundry com?
pany, one-half mile east of Xingsland,
N. J., in which were stored hundreds
of thousands of three-inch sells des?
tined for t^e Russian government, was
destroyed late today by fire and a
series of explosions which continued
for three hours. So far as could bo
learned tonight no one was killed or
injured, although 17 workmen were
reported missing. No estimate of the
loss was obtainable, but it was said it
might reach $4,000,000.
Approximately 1,499 men were em?
ployed In the plant, which comprised
between 40 and 50 buildings and cov?
ered about 80 acres of ground. No
munitions were manufactured at
Kingsland but the plant was used for
the filling of shells, the chief con?
stituent used being trinitrotoluol, one
of the most powerful explosives
While it was estimated that nearly
500,000 shells exploded primary fuses
or caps had not been attached to them
and consequently their detonation did
not cause the havoc that follows their
explosion when used on European bat?
tle fronts. The roar of the shells,
which sounded like a cannonade from
heavy guns, w as heard for miles, how.
ever, and the concussions shook build?
ings w ithin a wide radius of the plant.
Two lug magazines in which were
stored trinitrotoluol, nitric acid,
pit ric- acid and powder were not
reached by the dames and it was be?
lieved they were not in danger.
ALLIED SHIPPING WARNED.
CiL I IS M Haider Said to Be in North
New York. dan. 13.?A warning to
allied shipping against a German raid?
er in the North Atlantic was again
sent out today. All ship captains
were ordered to take precautions.
ly has Indicated that she will expect
her colonies back.
it is ih?> belief of officials here that
only by a certified d< Hnltion of these
questions and by a mutual give and
take will it ever be possible to make
a |?oaee thai will !>e permanent.
A beginning towards that, they fee?,
already lias been made, though the
cud i an indefinite distance off.