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THE SrMTKR WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
"IV Jost and Fear not?Det aU the ende
't at be thy Country'*, Thy God'* and Tratfel.'
m*>mt f* 1'Lf ? TD I 'f Ot \ ^ ,i> r~??J ?? i I Z ? . jt
TUB TRt >: SO HON, BMabHabul inn j, 1 im,
Consolidated Aur. 2,1881.
S?MTER, S. 0., SATT&DAY, JANUARY 20, 1917.
% 5.XLIII. No. 46.
ADMIRAL CEWEY IS DEAD.
GFORGK DKWKY, 1IKUO OF MA?
NILA BAY, Hl CCVMBS TO
Victory Over MontoJoN Fleet Turning
Point In Amcrknui History?Head
Kai lor Very Popular With Hin Coun?
Washington, Jan. lti.?Admiral
Dcwey, the nation s Spanish war hero
and by priority of grade the ranking
naval officer of the world, died at his
home hei-e tonight in his 8"th >ear.
Ho had not been conscious since yes?
terday, when he lapsed into coma,
still believing that In a few days he
would be hack at his desk in the navy
A general breakdown, accompanied
by arterio sclerosis Incidont to old age,
was the cause of death. The disea3C
had been gradualy spreading its hold
upon his powerful body for a year and
a half, but the admiral, proud of his
physical vigor, had fought it off and
even kepr. Its existence a secret from
most of his intimate friends. Last
Wednesday he was at his office ap?
parently hale and hearty. The noxt
day he collapsed as he was preparing
to leave the house and the beginning
of the end was at hand.
Mrs. Dewey and the admiral's o h
son, George I>ewey, Jr., were at the
bedside tonight. They had known
since yesterday there was no hope
The admiral died at 5:6ft. o'clock.
Prcsldcnt*Wilson and Secretary Dan?
iels were notified at once and the
news was flashed by wireless to Amer?
ican naval vessels and stations all over
the world. The message carried or?
ders that all flags be half masted.
The president will confer tomorrow
with Secretary Daniels and Rear Ad?
miral Badger and arrange for the
funeral. *hleh probably will take
place Saturday. Burial will be et Ar?
lington National cemotery.
Qnly two other men?Farragut and
Porter?ho ve held the rank of the ad
mlral ?American nayyfia^e^oe
MM War of Secession no other
mart has been so popular as Dewcy.
His death ended 62 years of active
service. His baptism of Are came in
the War of Secession, through which
he served ^ Ith distinction. Promotion
followed promotion as the years
passed, and he was a commodore com
mnndlng tho Asiatic fleet when taVJ
orders "capture or destroy the eni
my'i fleet" gave him the llr.it news of
hostilities with Spain, and sent hi.n
into Manila bay for the feat that Won
undying fame and had farreachlng ef?
fect upon the position of tho United
8tatcs as a world po.vr.
Immediately Dewcy was advanced
to rear admiral, and then congress
by special act made him admiral
<>f the navy, a grade that died with
him. Since 1900 he had been on
duty at the navy department as presi?
dent of the general hoard, constant?
ly in touch with all activities of the
navy, advisor of secretaries and ?
mighty champion of a greater fleet.
Year after >ear the general board
''rged the building of more ships
than congress would agree to, until
at the last session a great building
programme based upon its recom?
mendation finally was adopted.
It was because of tho admiral's
keen aversion to any suggestion that
his health and strength were falling
that tho navy physicians attending
him agreed with the family to make
no announcement of his condition
after the attack Thursday. It fjrai
given out that the admiral had R
cold, and until Sunday even the dec
tors hoped that he might master the
disease. Yesterday his rendition h i
become so serious that the facts
no longer could be withheld.
When news of the admiral's death
was received at the White House
President Wilson's authorized tho fol?
"In expressing his grief at tl fl
death of Adlmarl Dowey, the pro?
blem said the whole nation -
mourn the loss of Its most distin?
guished naval officer, a man who has
been as faithful, as Intelligent and as
successful In tho performance of h
responsible duties in time of peace
as he was gallant and successful in
time of war. ir Is Just such mi I
that give the service distim t'.on and
the nation a Just pride In tho**
who serve It."
BIHTII FOXTKOI, DOCTOR .lull I
Dr. K? It Ohio Kent to Work House F >;
I?istrlhi, (in.r Idtcrutnrc.
Cleveland, Jan. 17.? Or. Bettmar
of New York, was today found gni't .?
of distributing "birth control" liter
ature. lie was fined 11,*+! and Ser
tenced to the workhouse fco els
months. Tho maximum oenalty was
R. I. MANNING INAUGURATED.
IOR SECOND TOIE TAKES OAT1I
AS GOVERNOR OF SOUTH
Oath of Office Administered by Chief
.Instue Gary?Andrew J. Bellica
Becomes Lieutenant Governor?
' I>ovo Succeeds McCown and Canslcr
Succeeds Hampton?Other Officials
Columbia, Jan. 16.?Richard I.
Manning, of Sumter, was today in?
augurated as governor of South Car?
olina for the second term. He is 67
years old. Andrew J. Bethea of Co?
lumbia was inaugurated lieutenant
governor for the second time. All
other Stete officers were inducted into
The inaugural ceremonies were held
In the hall of the house of represen
' tatives, beginning at noon before the
' Joint assembly and a large number of
j The oath of office was administered
by Eugene B., Gary, of Abbeville.
! chief justice of the supreme court of
' South Carolina.
W. Banks Dove, succeeding R. M
McCown as secretary of State, and
James Cansler of Tirzah in York
', county, succeeding G. McD. Hampton
, as a member of the railroad com
! mission, are the new State officials.
Other State officials sworn in today
I were Carlton W. Sawyer, comptroller
general; S. T. Carter, State treasurer;
W. W. Moore, adjutant general;
Thos. H. Peoples, attorney general;
J. E. Swearlngent, Stute superintend?
ent of education; E. J. Watson, com?
missioner of agriculture..
All of the officials were elected in
the last general election and have re?
ceived their commissions from the
secretary of State.
Mr. Dove, the new secretary of
? Sttae, was for many years assistant to
R. M. McCown, secretary of State.
The Inaugural procession was form
ed at the governor's office on the first
i aute housa.^w .
The ceremonies were opened with
prayer by the Rov. Kirkman G. Fin
lay, rector of Trinity church, Colum?
After Gov. Manning had taken the
oath of office he delivered his inau
I gural address.
MARINES INCREASE ARMY.
Efficiency of Reserve Increased b>
Enlistment of Former Members of
Washington, Jan, 15.?The mobile
military forces of the United States
have been greatly augmented by the
Fleet Marine Corps Reserve, a newly
formed organization composed of
! trained marines who have returned
I to civil pursuits. Hundreds of these
' "ex-soldiers of the sea" are apply Ulf
at Marine Corps recruiting stations
I throughout the country weekly and
adding their names to the enrollment
lists, according to local recruiting au
1 t horities.
The standard of efficiency of this
trained body of ex-marines will be
! maintained by a short period of train
i ing annually, for which the reservist
> will be well paid. In time of emer?
gency the Marine Corps will be able
j to quickly expand its first line with a
I highly trained reserve.
j COUn? UPHOLDS VERDICTS.
United States Supremo Court Affirms
llccrccs for $LM>,000 Against Coast
Washington, Jan. 15.?Two big
verdicts against the Atlantic Coast
Line Railroad company, aggregating
$29,000 damages, in South Carolina
POTWBal injury suits were upheld by
tho supremo court of the United
States, in decisions handed down to?
I In one, a verdict of $i9,ono dama?
ges, given bf South Carolina conns
SSalftSt the Atlantic Coast Line to
the Widow of John J. Minis, a Sum?
ter car Inspector, killed In a grade
crossing accident in It 10, was su.>
tnlned, the railroad's appral being
In the other. South Carolins court
decrees for $10,000 damages against
the Atlantic Coast Line in favor pf
tho widow of W. E. Milligan of Co?
lumbia, a locomotive engineer acci?
dentally killed, were affirmed,
SWEDISH STEAMERS SUN K.
Ifcfgej Scandinavian Vessel* Loaded
With Cotton Thought to Have Been
C.alveston, Jan. 17.?The Swedish
steamships Corfltzon and op son, with
twenty thousand baits Of cotton, and
the Norwegian ship Asborg with ten
thousand bales, uro reported sunk.
They saded In November.
Calls on People of State to
Passed and Look Foi
Must Build-Would Ti
Chief State Officials
.eforms on Second As*
fice of Governor.
let 1 hose Things Which Have
to Future, for Which t hey
lor to Enforce Laws?Peoal
^Ifould Change Educational and
Have Four Year Terms for
?nnial Sessions of Legislature,
(By Joe Sparks.) Bk '
j Columbia, Jan. 10.?Important! j
far-reaching governmental ref<Hpj
were urged today by Richard Tn^Bfe'.
Manning in his second inauguralMiH
dress to the general assembl!
South Carolina. The inaugural ^?
delivered by the governor in the!
of the house of representatives., b!
a large and representativ gathejJHL
after he had for the second timetH^
the oath of office as govcrncMw
South Carolina The message !
talned about 6.000 words and J^?
read by the governor. BE!
Among the matters discussed !
Education, equal suffrage, nn*jflH
economy, penal and charitable jm
lems. commission on economjMM
efliciency, the National Guard a!
nitrate fixation plant for South j J|
Gov. Manning reviewed in detall^H|
progressive measures which have ?
enacted during his r ' admlrUJ^|
"If liquor Is imported mto^R
State, it can impose a tax on iSflj
Importation. This tax would de!
the expenses of enforcement ofifl
law," said the governor at one tfl
in his address. K
"I trust that the general !
will enact such legislation as will J ^
Imize the evils of liquor andr'fi
possible the etr^t, enfoj^!**^^^
law," said Got. Manning;
"Permit me to say 'that,'-viewing
the accomplishments of the past two
years, we should, from experience
gained strengthen certain of these
laws, rather than devote ourselves to
new and radical legislation," said Gov.
Manning after reviewing the progres?
sive measures which were passed dur?
ing his first term as governor.
At another point in his address the
governor asked for a law which wlM
give him the right to suspend a sher?
iff for neglect of duty.
Gov. Manning asked the general as?
sembly to give careful attention to
the planks in the State and National
Democratic platforms bearing on wo?
man's suffrage. He did not make
any specllic recommendation as to
legislation on this point. The State
Democratic party asked that the suf?
frage question be submitted to the
people for a vote.
"I recommend that Section 6 of
Article 11 of the constitution be
amended so that the constitutional 3
mlll school tax on all of the property
of the State shall be changed from a
county tax to a State tax and paid
into the State treasury. The proceeds
of the State school tax to be appor?
tioned among the counties on a uni?
form basis, such basis to be determin?
ed by the general assembly. This
provision would aid the weak coun?
ties, and put forward the general edu?
cational work in .ne ?' te." said Gov.
Manning discussing means for im?
proving the State's educational sys?
tem. He said that the mill schools
I should be placed on a parity with all
' other schools ir the State.
The governor again recommended
the passage of an inheritance tax law.
"In my judgment the general as?
sembly should be invested with the
authority to provide by law for the
assessment and taxation of property
and franchise," said Gov. Manning.
Gov. Manning urged the legislature
to keep down expenditures to a min?
imum consistent with efliciency ami
The creation of a commission on
economy and ctllelency was urged by
Gov. Manning. The object of .the
commission would bo to prevent an
overlapping of work by the sevenl
State departments. This commission
would codify the laus governing the
department! and clearly define the
duties of each. The commission would
also Investigate the matter of estab?
lish a budget system in our State gov?
ernment. A report from the commb
slon would be required in 1918.
"The terms of office of the governor
and other State officials should be for
four years and the governor and lieu?
tenant governor not eligible for re?
election. Along with this change T
believe that the public service would
be promoted by having biennial ses?
sions of tho legislature, instead of an
nual sessions as now," said Gov. Man
ning. Elections every two years keep
pur pople in a State of unrest," said
Gov. Manning, making a plea for
longer terms and biennial sessions of
"In my judgment, the governor
Should have authority to grant par?
dons, suspensions of sentence, pa?
roles, commutations of sentence, re?
missions of fines and forfeitures, only
on the recommendation of the State
hoard of pardons; but to him should
*W preserved the right to veto such
^recommendations. Further you mi gar
Wen consider declaring tho Stut"
i:board of penal administration to ??
the State board of pardons," saM
QQV' Manning. lie asked that the
State reformatory for negroes be
placed under the eentrol >f the trus?
tees Of jthe South Carolina Indust ic.l
jschool. He urged that almshouse pop
hfetytjon be reclassiiied and the present
abolished. District homes er
Itale would take the place of the
j^allKabOUses. He again recommenced
ftSe establishment of a State Institu?
tion for the care of the feeble-mind?
VI believe that the lime has con:
When military training should be uni
veraul, and that our young men !>e.
4'.the ages of 19 and 22 should
training which would lit
?e, should that service
?ecome necessary for the defense of
our State or country, and that we
should immediately prepare to intro?
duce military training in our institu?
tions of higher learning and in our
high schools," said Gov. Manning. He
pointed out the success of the military
course at the Sumter high school.
Gov. Manning made a plea for the
establishment of a nitrate lixation
plant near Columbia.
"In conclusion, 1 urge upon our
people again to turn their backs on
past dissensions and bitterness?to ha
a forward looking people with their
faces turned resolutely to the future,"
said Gov. Manning in conclusion.
The hall of the house was packed
with a larg- number of spectators to
hear the inaugural address.
XKW STJlfTER ENTERPRISES.
R, G. Scarborough Company and Dix?
ie Electric Company Commission?
The R. G. Scarborough Company,
of Sumter, was commissioner with a
capital stock of $6,000, the petitioners
being S. K. Rowland and S. W.
Rumph. The concern will do a gen?
eral typewriter business.
The Dixie Electric company, of
Sumter, was commissioned with a cap?
ital stock of $3.000, the petitionern
being B. C. Wallace, Jr., and Young
RUSSIANS START OFFENSIVE.
Germans in Rouinanin Have Resort?
ed to Trench Warfare to Hold
Berlin, Jan. 10 (Wireless, Ollicial).
?A powerful offensive has been start?
ed by the Russo-Roumauians on the
Roumanian front. They are attack?
ing strongly at Casinu and Sushttsa in
the valley on both sides of Pundon .
They entered the German trenches ai
two places, but were driven out.
The situation in Macedonia is un?
There were no Important operations
today on the eastern front.
Attempts by the French to pene?
trate German positions near liouv
raignes on the west front were re?
pulsed. Artillery fire in certain sec?
tors on the west front are becoming
FLORIDA BANK FAILURE.
'Heard National of Jacksonville Closed
by National Hank Examiner.
Jacksonville, Jan. 1<;?The Heard
National Hank, one of the largest fin?
ancial institutions of PI or Ida, closed
Its doors this morning, and i-s now in
charge of National hank examiner .
The Clearing house banks are prepar?
ing to take over Its deposits and as?
FEDERAL REVENUE MEASURE.
SCHEME TAKES SHAPE.
Some Increase in Inheritance Import
and New Levy on Corporation
Washington, Jan. 10.?Administra?
tion plans for meeting the treasury
dellcit at the end of the next fiscal
! year took the form of a definite pro
I gramme today embracing increases
I in the inheritance tx, a new tax on
gross profits of coi t orations and part?
nerships and a bond issue of $289,000,
A bill including these proposals and
bearing the indorsement of President
Wilson and Secretary McAdoo will be
framed at once and pressed in the
The increase in revenue under the
plan is expected :o be more than
J $500,000,000 annually and if it fails
j to take care of the defict a $100,000,
000 issue of treasury certificates of
indebtedness may be decided on. As
agreed to informally today by Demo?
crats of the ways and means commit?
tee and approved by the president and
secretary of the treasury, the excess
profits tax would be at the rate of
I S or 10 per cent, on such returns in
I excess of 8 per cent, on investment
and would yield something over $200,
! 000,000; the inheritance tax would DO
raised to 1 1-2 instead of 1 per cent,
on minimum estate? and from 10 to
15 per cent, on tl ose of more than
$15,000,000, yielding an additional
revenue of about $22,000,000 and the
bond issue of $289 000,000 would be
designated expressly for emergency
expenses euch as tlie Mexican trou?
ble, the Alaskan railway, the new
armor and nitrate plants, purchase of
the Danish Indies and appropriations
for the shipping board.
In this form the programme will be
submitted by Democrats of the com?
mittee to their Republican colleagues,
who will be asked to make any sug
i- gestions immediately so :^^Th^^>^
j majrt be brought into the house. Dem?
ocratic Leader Kitchin expects it to
pass within a week.
"SHAMELESS AND WANTON LIE."
j Secretary McAdoo Issues Statement
Denouncing Lnwsou's Charge Before
j Washington, Jan. 15.?In reforrin-T
j to Tom Lawson's testimony, In the
"leak" investigation, Secretary Mc
| Adoo issued a statement late today
I saying: "No more shameless and
wanton lie could be conceived" than
the rumor that he had been "interest?
ed at any time and in any manner
! whatever" in stock speculations or had
! been connected in any manner what?
ever with a leak."
Secretary McAdoo said:
"No man should be called upon to
notice such detestable and Irrespon?
sible gossip and slar.der, but since
my name has been mentioned I wish
to say that no mOre shameless and
wanton lie could be conceived than
the rumor or suggestion that I have
been interested at any time or in anv
manner whatever in stock speculation
or purchases of stocks in New York
or elsewhere or that 1 have been con?
nected In any manner whatever With
the alleged "leak" about the so-call?
ed peace note.
"The putrid partisan politicans and
the putrid stock gamblers in Post -n
and New York are giving the country
a painful exhibition of the contemp?
tible methods to which they resort in
their efforts to injure the administra?
"If any man in or out of congress
Will assume responsibility for these
slanders or it* I can secure legal proof
I of Hie guilt of such a man I will havo
him put In the penitentiary where he
belongs. It is time that an example
is made of the foul scoundrels v ho
i make a profession of whispered and
baseless insinuations against men In
Secretary Tumulty gave out Ih I
"After the complete and definite
ettacmcnt which i made to the rules
committee hist week it should hardly
be necessary for me to soy that there
is not a scintilla of truth in these
111 may charges."
UNDERBID AMERICA* FIRMS,
Washington, Jon. '7. - The aav; d<
partment today awarded contracts
for seventy-five hundred shells, six?
teen and fourteen-Inch, to the Hat
Heidi, of London, England. They un?
derbid all American firms.
Jacksonville, Jan. 17.-? The First
Germania state hank failed to open
today. A notice was posted that it
was "closed by order of the direc?
ft URGES PEACE.
PONT INDORSES WILSON'S
EP TO END WAR.
Greece ..vlares Itself in Sympathy
Wit It Effort and Willing to Forward
Washington, Jan. 16.?Congratula?
tions from Pope Benedict on the re?
cent peace move of the American gov?
ernment were conveyed to President
Wilson today by Juan Riano, the
Spanish ambassador. The pope sent
no suggestions for future moves. The
message was conveyed through the
Spanish ambassador because the papal
legation here has no diplomatic
In response to a request by Presi
. dent Wilson, the Spanish ambassa
| dor later cabled his government to
j convey the thanks of President Wll
i son to the pope.
The present status of the peace sit?
uation was not mentioned either by
the president or himself, the Spanish
The Greek government today In
I a note handed to the State depart
1 ment by Charge Vouros, expressed
j the most lively interest and support
of President Wilson's* peace note,
called attention to that country's bit?
ter sufferings in the war, and de?
clared itself ready for any action in?
suring permanent peace and the rights,
sovereignty and independence of all
"The royal government," the Greek
j note says, "learns with the most
i lively interest of the steps which the
president of the United States of
America has just undertaken among
the belligerents for the cessation of
a long cruel war, which is ravishing
humanity. The note then expressed
Greece's appreciation of the step tak?
en by President Wilson to whom it
pays tribute as a "wise statesman."
Former Secretary Fryan called at
the White House today and congrat?
ulated President Wilson on his peac.
? note. ??>-?- ' -
j "The president has done Just right,"
said Mr. Bryan. "Anything calcu?
lated to bring the peace terms
of the belligerents out into the open
should have the support of every
SHERIFFS HOLD SESSION.
Burch off Florence Chosen President
of Association?Officers Want Free
Rides on Railroads?Ask Rc-ap
pointment of Richardson.
Columbia, Jan. IT.?Officers for the
year were elected, several resolutions
adopted and Newberry was selected
for the summer session at the annual
meeting of the South Carolina Sher?
iffs' association held yesterday in city
hall. T. S. Burch, sheriff of Florence
county, was elected president to suc?
ceed Cannon G. Blase of Newberry.
D. P. Douglas of Chesterfield was
elected vice president. F. F. Hill,
sheriff of Calhoun county was elected
secretary and treasurer to succeed
Hendrix Rector of Greenville.
A resolution was adopted by the
association urging Gov. Manning to
reappoint A. A. Richardson as chief
game warden for South Carolina. A
commission from the association will
present this resolution to Gov. Man?
The association will ar>k the legisla?
ture to enact such legislation as will
enable sheriffs and chiefs of police to
accept free transportation on the rail?
ways of the State in performance of
Another resolution asks that the
sheriffs he given control over the
county jails. It was also asked that
the sheriffs be allowed to appoint the
William H. Coleman, postmaster
at Columbia and former sheriff of
Richland county, addressed the asso?
ciation. He was later elected an hon?
.T. A. l>avis. sheriff of Madison
county, Georgia. .'attended the ses?
RAIDER PLAYING HAVOC.
Get wan Warship at I .arge in Atlantic
Has Sunk Many Ships.
Rio Janeiro, Jan. it.?Dispatches
today say that there are current un
con firmed reports that a German
raider has sink twenty-one mer?
chantman in the South Atlantic and
is still at large Another report stat?
ed that sewn ships have been sunk
and nine raptured. It is reported that
th-i raid or sunk one English shin with?
out Warning, and four hundred were
drowned. Among the ships reported
destroyed is the Voltaire, off the Bra*
Kilian coast, it is reported that the
survivors were landed at Pernamhuco.
The Brazilian minister of marine IS
investigating the reports.