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The watchman and southron. (Sumter, S.C.) 1881-1930, January 20, 1917, Image 3

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German Ambition* and Methods Evil
and Must be Suppressed, Says F.i
tente Communication Sent I'lir* ir:h
Balfour, British Secretary for For?
eign Affairs, if Pence Is to Rf?;:'?.
Wellington, Jan. 17.?The tsntf
allies, in a note addressed by Artb ir
Balfour, British foreign minister, to
Ambassador Soring-Kice, and deliv?
ered today to the State department,
amplify their reply to President Wil?
son's peace note by explaining In de?
tail why they beliovo it Impossible at
present to attain a peace which will
assure them such guarantees as they
consider essential. The note also ex?
plains why the allies demand the ex?
pulsion of Turkey from Europe; res
torstlon of Alsace-Ix>rralne to France,
of Italia Irredenta to Italy and the
other territorial changes set forlh.
Those who think the future pe o ?
of the world may be Insured by inter?
national treaties and International
laws, the note says, have ill learned
the !e: sorts taught by recent history.
After charging that German Influence
In Turkey had resulted in condition i
as barbarous and more a rgresslve than
were known under Mil tun A^dal
Hamid, and that It had been shown
/ Oermaoy can not ho expected to re
epect treaty obligations, Mr. Ealfour
"Bo |6ng as Germany remains the
Germany which without a shadow of
Justification overran and barbarously
111 treated a country it was pledged to
defend, no state can regard Its rights
as secure If they have uo better pro?
tection than a solemn treaty."
Asserting that Pelgium was n )t Ger?
many's only victim, and that "neutrals
wero Invited to note outrages which
accompanied its coiniu -t," the note
recites the "reign of terror" attendant
upon Germany's method of warfare,
and in that connection says:
'The war staffs of the central pow?
ers are well content to horrify the
world If at the same time they can
terrorize it."
The people of Great Britain, Mr.
Balfonr says, sharo President Wilson*j
desire for peace, but do not believe rf
can bo durable unless based on tnc
success of the alllod cause. Such a
peace. It Is argued, can not be ex?
pects*' unless the.se three conditions
are fulfilled:
Existing causes of International ur.
rest shall bolas far as possible re?
moved or weakened; the aggressiv?
alms and the unscrupulous mOtllOdl
of the central powers should fall into
disrepute among,their own people-;
and, finally, that behind International
law and behind all treaty arrange?
ments tor preventing or limiting hos?
tilities some form of Internation ? 1
sanction should be devised Villah
would give pause to the hardiest ag
It Is recognised that the condition ??
may be difficult of fulfillment, but the
belief Is expressed that thry are in.
general harmony with President Wil?
son's ideas.
The note declares confidence th:.?
so far as Kurope Is concerned, none
of the conditions can he satisfied,
even imperXectly, unless pr ice If, se?
cured on the general lines Indhat. I
by the allies' Joint note.
The t \t ..f Mr. Pnlfour's not.\
dated January 11 ar.d addressed to
Sir Cecil, follows:
'In sending you a translation of
tho allied note I des.re to make the
following observations, which you
r.hould bring to the notice of tie
t'n'.ted States government.
"I gather from the general tenor
of the pre* ident's note that while In
Is animated by an Intense desire
that ponce should come soon aid
that when It comes it should be met
ing he does not for the moment at
least concern himself with the lernt
on which it should bi iimaged. H I
majesty's government entirely Share
the president's ideas, l?ut they feel
strongly that th?3 durability of pee I
must largely depend on its chari -
ter and that no stable system of in?
ternational relations can oe built I It
foundations which are essentially an 1
I, ?!.-., -s- , d' ' 'i . t\
"This becomes clearly apparent if
We consider the main condition
which rendered ?OBBlblg the calam -
ties from which the world is n >
suffering. These were the exist n
of great powers consumed with t'.
lust of domination In the mid I
a community of nations ill pfO|) > I
.'or deft nse. plentifully BUPpll d I
deed with International I We,
with no innchm' iy for enf >i
them iind weakened I) tbe fact th
nelth'M the houinl i ? Of the
mis states nor their Internal OOlt
tn-ri h ? i iMMiii/.-.l \ ith th" asplratiw
of their constituent races or Ott II
to them Just und equal treatment
"That th's mat e\ll weald
frently miti-'atid If lie allies
cured the changes la the map ef I
rope outlined in MeOtf I Ffnfl '"
manifest and I need not labe
"It has been argued. Indeed, ' m
the sspulciou of the Turk* from
rope forms no proper or logical part,
of this general scheme. The mainto- j
nance of the Turkish empire was
dining many generations regarded by
IItaiesmen of worldwide authority as
' essential to the maintenance of Eu?
ropean peace. Why, it is askod, should
the cause of pence be now associate i
with a complete reversal of this tra?
ditional policy 1
"The answer is that cireum.-.tancs
BATt completely changed. Jt is un
neeeeeary to consider now whether
the ereatlon or a reformed TurUey
mediating between hostile races in
tho Near East was \a scheme Which,
bad tiie sultan boon sincere and the
pOWOre united, could ever have been
realllid. It certainly can not be real?
ised now. The Turkey of *u:don and
I progress' is at least as barbarous and
li far more aggressive than the Tu . -
ROy of Sultun Abdul Hamid. In tine
i hands of K'ermuny it has ceased evon
in appearance to be a bulwark of
peace and is openly used as an in?
strument of conquest. Under Gorma I
odlcers ? Turkish soldiers are now
lighting; in land* from which th
had long been expelled and a Tur
, kish government controlled, ?tlbii?
? dlzed and supported bv Germany has
been guilty of tnassi.i ?J In Armenia
and Syria more horrible than any re?
corded in tho history even of those
, unhappy countries. Evidently the ln
? tcrests of peace and the claims of na?
tionality alike recpiire tho Turkish
] rule over alien races shall if possible
I be brouffhr. to an end; and wo may
bone that the expulsion of Turk' y
< from Europe will contribute as much
to the cause of peace as the restora?
tion of Alsace-Lorraine to France, :>/
Italia Irredenta to Italy, or any of
the other teritorial changes Indicated
in the allied note. ,
"Evidently, however, such terri?
torial rearrangements, though they
may diminish the occasions of war,
provide no suflieient security again.it
Its recurrence. If Germany, or rather
those In Germany who mould Its opin?
ion! and conto! its destinies, again
set out to domineer the world, they
may tlnd that by the new order of
things the adventure Is made more
difficult but hardly that It la made Im?
possible. Ti v may still have ready
to their hand a political system or?
ganized through and through on a
military basis; they may still accumu?
late vast stores of military equip?
ment; they may still persist in their
methods of attack, so that their more
pacific neighbors will be struck down
before they can prepare B thems';:v. 3
for defense. If so, Europe when th ?
war is over will be far poorer in men,
in money and in mutual good will
than it was when the war b^gan, b *
it will not be safer; and the h >p< *
for the future of the world entcrtah.
d by the jgr osident will be as far an
ever from fulfillment.
"There are those who think that
for this disease international treaties
and international laws may provide a
sufficient cure. Hut such persons
have ill learned the lessons so cleat
ly taught by recent history. While
other nations, notably the United
states of America, and Great Britain,
were striving by treaties of arbitra?
tion to muke sure that no chance
quarrel should mar the peace they
desired to make perpetual, Ger?
many stood aloof Her historian*
and philosophers preached the
splenelors of war; power was pro
claimed as the true end of the state;
md the general staff forged with
untiring industry the weapons by
Which ?t the gppe ntOd moment pov -
er might be achieved. These foots
proved clearly * nou that treaty ar?
rangements for maintaining peaco
were not likely to lind much favor
Berlin; they did not prove that euch
treaties once made would be utterly
effectu ?1. Th la became eve' >nt
only when war had broken out;
though the demonstration, when it
came, was overwhelming. So lou'V
ai Germany re malm the Germany
w hich without a shadow of Justifi?
cation overran and barbarously ill
treated a country it was pledged to
lefend, no state can regard its
rights as secure if they have no ; et
tar protection than a solemn treaty.
"The case is made worse by the re?
flection '?hat these methods of col
eulatsd brutalUy were designed by
the Central powers not merely to
crush to :!"> dust those with whom
they were at war but to Intimidate
those with whom they were still
I ?atO, BclglOm v. as not only a vi
tlm; it WO! an example. Noutru?j
were Intended to note the outrage
which accompanied it* conouest, th
reign of terror which followed
occupation, the deportation of a por
lion of its people, the cruel Oppn
sion of the remainder. And lest th
nations h ippl ly protected eitle I
Brit h ? el ? oi- by their own froi
.'Innen armies should suppose them
eK.s safe from German mcthodM
the submarine has (within its Iii.; I
d loualy Imitated the hare; ron
practices of the sister service. T c j
war staffs ol the central powen
well content to horrify the world
at th ? earns time they ran torrorh a
"if then the central powers cue
if will he to 10 thods like tin 1
? v w ill OH I their 1000001. He V
nny reform of international relation
be buwed on a pcaeo thuu obtained.'
Such a peace would represent the tri?
umph of all the forces which make
war certain and make it brutal. It
would advertise the futility of all the
methods on which civilization relies
, to eliminate the occasions of interna?
tional dispute and to mitigate their
ferocity. Germany and Austria made
the present war inevitable by attack?
ing the rights of one small State,
end they gained their initial triumphs
by violating the treaty guarantees of
the territories of another. Are small
States going to lind In them their
future protectors or In treaties made
by them a bulwark against aggres?
sion? Terrolsm by land and sea will
have proved itself the instrument of
Victory, Arc the victors likely to
abandon it on the appeal of neutral?
I If existing treaties arc no more than
scraps of paper can fresh treaties
help us if the violation of the
fundamental canons of International
law be crowned with success, v ill it
not be in vain that the assemble! na
MOM labor to improve their code?
None will profit by their rule:, but
powers who break them. It is those
who keep them that will suffer.
"Though, therefore, the people of
this country aha re to the full the
der ' e of the president for peace, they
1 f .iot belloVe peace can be durable
i. :t be not Cased on the success of the
allied cause. For a durable peace can
j hardly be expected unless three con
( dltlona are fulfilled, The first is that
I quitting causes, of international unrest
should be as far as possible removed
or Weakened. the second is that the
; aggressive aims and the unscrupu?
lous methods of the central power*
: ho'?d fa)l iato disrepute among thei.
OWfl peoples; The third is that be
hind International law and behind^
all treaty arrangements for prevent?
ing or limiting hostilities some form
of international sanction should be
devised which would give pause to
tfie hardiest aggressor. These condi?
tions may be difficult of fulfillment.
Hut we believe them to be in general
harmony with the president's ideas
and *>e are confident that none of
them can be satisfied, even imperfect*
I ly, unless peace be secured on the
I general lines indicated (so far as
[Snrope Is. concerned; in the joint
Rote. Therefore it is that this coun?
try has* made, is making and is pre?
pared to make sacrifices of blood
and treasure unparalleled in its his?
tory. It hears these heavy burdens
not merely that it may thus fulfill its
treaty obligations nor yet that it may
securo a barren triumph of one group
of nations over another. It bears
them because it firmly believes that
on the success of the allies depend
the prospects of peaceful civilization
and of these international reforms
Which, the best thinkers of the new
world as of the old dare to hope may
follow on the cessation of our present
Powerful Meet of British and French
Warships Scouring Atlantic.
London, Jan. IS.?A powerful fleet
of Bjrltlfll and French warships b
scouring the Atlantic today for that
new terror of the sea, the German
raider which is accredited with sink?
ing over thirty ships. It is known
that ten British warships arc patroll?
ing tho coast of South America and
off the southern coast of the United
States for the raider. It is also ro
ported that a submarine had been
sighted eight hundred miles cast of
the Virginia capes.
Columbia, Jan. 18.?John G. Rich
aids of Liberty Hill was elected chair?
man of the railroad commission at the
meeting yesterday. G. McDuflie
Hampton retired as a member of the
commission and was succeeded by
James Cansler of Tirzah in York
county, J. P. Darby was re-elected
secretary to the commission. Miss M,
EQ, Carr was re-elected stenographer
to the commission.
Columbia, Jan. IS.?The house of
Representatives today killed bills pro?
hibiting probate Jud tos from per?
forming the marriage ceremony for
eon pis to w hom they had issued li?
censes and tightening up the law re?
lating to seduction after promiso of
The biles resolution providing for
the State treasury to pay $60,000 for
the new building already completed
at the State HospltaJ for the Insane
was sent to the senate this morning.
Washington* Jan. 18,?Gen. Persh
lng*s column will be back In the Unit
ed States by March L This was stat
ed positively today by army officer
and war department nfllcluls. i> ?
also Indicated that three regiments
militia will soon be withdrawn frc
tho border, but the regiments wei
lOl named, It is understood that Ot
Pershlng Is several hundred mil
south of the border now . Three com?
panies of Kentucky militia will be or?
dered homo today,
Farmers Begin Work for 1917?Es?
tablishing New Mills on Santoe at ?
St. Paul?st. Raul oil Mill Ginnery
Burned?Officers of W. O. W. !
The farmers are beginning to start
things to work now, and in a short
While you will hear nothing in the
fields but fussing at mules and late
in the afternoons the old time coon
songs, and the things we set out 10
accomplish in the year just passed
avray, and did not, call for a new start
Mr. T. H. Gentry, one of our best
farmers, says he is just now learning
how to farm and make rcasonab'y
good crops, and not buy so much fer?
tilizer, that where be bad oats, pea
vine and hay last year he will plan:
cotton this year, also plant cotton
where he had corn last yc r, and corn
where he had cotton last year, and
by this method you will have a pet
crop on your land every two years,
and this no doubt is a good idea, and
no doubt the average farmer will
pi out by rotating his land this way.
The people who have bought tha
timber up and down the Santec swamp
are moving down here now, and tho
mills will be in operation in a? few
weeks. There are already some three
or four families moved to our city and
we are very glad to have them w'.tB
us. These mills coming here will give
hundreds of men work, as they expert
to have ten or twelve mills, and fl
planing mill at St. Paul, and then
hauling from the mills will he don*
with wagons and teams, and the pay
office will be at this place. No doubt
this will give the merchants hero a
gqod trade through what is usuarty
termed the dull season.
' A party of our town sports went
down to Santee one afternoon last
-week to shoot some ducks, and it is
understood that these ducks have
been shot so much recently that when
they come to the ponds for the night
before they hit tho water they fly
? 'over the ponds several times very
high, entirely out of gun shot. And
Mack Plowden who was a member cf
this party the other afternoon no
doubt had been told about how the
ducks played around, and when this
party reached the pond they were all
placed on their stands by Fred Lan
ham who Is an expert along this line,
and later In the evening when the
crowd was fixing to leave Mack was
seen coming down a tree. No doubt
feSMukd been up there to get close
enough to make certain of a duck,
but they just did not come that after?
noon. Maybe they saw Mack in the
top of this tree. Come now, Mr.
PloWden, give them a chance the
next time.
The St. Paul Oil Mill ginnery Will
destroyed by fire last Sunday morning
abovft 3 o'clock. It seems that a bale
of cotton had caught fire some time
during the day Saturday, and while it
was thought it had been put out no
doubt a spark was left some whete
In the building and later In the night
began burning, and it being at such
a late hour in the night when it was
discovered the fire had gained too
much headway to extinguish and all
that could be done was to save the
nearby building.
This was an eight gin outfit and
valued at something like six thousand
dollars, with only two thousand dol
'ars insurance, which makes it quite
a loss to the company.
Messrs. C. M. Davis, Joe Davis, F.
R. Dingle, and others are dow n on
Capers Island this week on a hunt.
We hope they will have the best of
luck, but they hardly ever make a
clean sweep; another fellow can go
along after them and lind something
to shoot.
At the regular meeting of White
Oak Camp number 1 i*0, W. O. W., last
Monday night the following officers
were elected to serve the ensuing
year: H. H. Meddlin, C. C; J. R.
Richbourg, Clerk; L. T. Fischer,
year: H. H. Meddlin, C. C; J. F.
Eadon, Escort; J. T. Davis, Physician.
Managers, Jeff M. Davis, E. O. Rowe,
and W. J. Godwin; Watchman, W. B.
Senn. This camp Is In a flourishing
condition, has a splendid membership,
and a bright prospect in the future.
Meeting held on Wednesday night be?
fore the full moon of each month.
After the meeting Monday night an
oyster supper! woe enjoyed ut| the
home of Mr. Medlin.
A new grocery store has been open?
ed up in our hustling little city by
Messrs. D. A. Coskrey and C. T. Din?
gle, which will ho known as the
Summerton Grocery company. These
young men are numbered among our
best citizens and have a number ol
friends who wish them much success.
Mr. Coskrey was for a number of
years book-keeper for W. it. Coskrey,
and is a splendid business man. Mr.
Dingle has hold responsible positions
with some Of the best business houses
here, and la a good business man.
On Governor's staff.
Columbia. Jan. 1 ft. W. K Keith of
Tlnrmons> Die and 11. P. I Navies kin re
nei^i appointed a;; members of th"
personal staff of GOV, Manning.
A\e Discussion on Election Of Me
Luurin's Successor and Amending
Tax Penalty Lew.
The house met for one hour yes?
terday prior to the inauguration ex?
orcises, but this one hour saw the
liveliest debate experienced so far
tins session. There were two matters
of interest, a mot which meant tho
postponement of the election of a
State warehouse commissioner which
was detated 85 to 2X, and a motion
to kill Mr. Liles' bill to change the
delinquent tax penalty.
When Mr. Liles' bill to provide tor
the collection of delinquent tax pen?
alties came up for srtond reading, it
iiad a favorable report from tho ways
and menus committee with amend?
ment. The original made the penal?
ty five per cent January 1, and did
away with tho present graduated
scale. The amendment called for one
per cent. December ill end four per
cent. January 31, Representative
Moore of Abbeville moved to strike
out the enacting words. This called
for considerable discussion and when
the time for the joint assembly arriv?
ed debate was postponed, on motion
of Mr. Cothraa of Greenville, until
after third reading hills today. Rep?
resentatives Cram of Bamberg, and
Rivers of Chesterfield, favored the
bill, while Representative Daniel of
Sal u da did not think there was suf?
ficient reason to make a change in
: the present graduated scale of pen
I allies.
Representative Liles of Orangeburg
introduced a bill yesterday to provide
the $50.000 for the State Hospital for
Insane, as required by the governor
in a special message sent to the house
Monday night.
After the inauguration exercises
the house met for a few minutes and
adjourned for the day.
Columbia, Jan. 17.?Mendel L.
Smith, of Camden, was re-elected to
succeed himself as judge of the Fifth
judicial circuit today by the general
assembly. He had no opposition.
Judge Thomas S. Sease, of Spartan
burg, was re-elected judge of the
Seventh circuit without opposition.
Being unopposed Judge R. W. Mem
minger of Charleston, was re-elected
to succeed himself as judge of the
Ninth circuit.
George E. Prince, of Anderson, be?
ing unopposed, waa -co elantan* t'efrT
of the Tenth judicial circuit.
Difficult to Book Space at Current
New York, Jan. 16.?Ocean freight
rates from Now Y'ork were quoted to?
day at a new high level. Even at
current quotations it was difficult to
book space. The greatest increase
has been in space for provisions, the
rate having gone up approximately
100 per cent in the last week. Grain
rates are not quoted and cotton rates
are nominal as there virtually has
been no* cotton room to lie had, it is
said, to the port of New York.
Two prinei. 1 reasons are ascribed
by brokers: The withdrawal by the
Dritsh admiralty of all cargo space
except a small amount on every ship
dying the Britten hag amounting to
the complete taking over of every ves?
sel in the Britsh merchant marine and
submarine activities cf the last month
that have sen. myiy large freighters
to the bottom.
War risk ii.?urance has been kept
on a steady u per cent, basis for
trans-Atlantic risk and an und 10 per
cent on Mediterranean risk^ sine?
the dret of December. Shading cf
these risks have been for special car?
goes and ships.
Made Trip to Kavilla in a Submarine.
London, Jan. 1".?The presence in
Qrecce of Gen. von Falkenhayn, for?
mer German chief of staff and of late
in command of part of the forces en?
gaged In the campaign against Ru?
mania, is reported in French official
quarters at Saloniki, according to a
Router dispatch from that point.
Gen. von Falkenhayn is said to have
embarked on a submarine at the
Greek port of Kavilla, now in the
hands of tho Germans and to
have landed at a point on the
Greek coast, whence he made his way
to Larissa. The absence of his name
from the official Berlin war reports
has been noted for some days.
Previous messages from Saloniki
said it was Qen. Baron von Falken?
husen, a member of the German m.li
tary commission, Which went to
Greece In 1916, who made the trip in
the submarine.
Tampa Man Shoots Himself Through
Atlanta, Jan. 17.?Despondent over
bis Inability to secure a position. B.
I>. Wilson, of Tampa, Fla., shot him?
self through the load this morning
at the home of relatives here. He is
believed to l>e dying.
? wife
Finds Cure for Epilepsy
After Years of Suffering
"My daughter wa3 afflicted with
epileptic tits for three years, the attack*
coming every few weeks. Wc employed
several doctors but they did her no
good. About a
rear a & o we
heard of Dr.
?,!<:<*? Kenia**
viid it certairdy
h a s proved a
blessing to our
littlo gilt. She is
now spparently
cured :.:.d 13 cn
ig t he best
Of health. It is
<iv<'i a year si OOS
the l.'S had a
ft. We cannot
speak toe highly
of I r. Miles' Nervine"
('.( ? Jray, Minn.
Thousands of children in the
United Stales who arc suffering
from attacks of cpikpsy are a
burden and sorrow to their parents,
who would give anything to restore
health to the sufferers.
Dr. Miles' Nervine
is one of the best remedies known
for this aii'iiction. It has proven
beneficial in thousands of cases
and those who have u^cd it have
the greatest faith in it. It is not
a "cure-all," but a reliable remedy
for nervous diseases. Von need
not hesitate to give it a trial.
Sold by all Druggists. If the first
bottle fails to benefit your money Is
returned. ?
MILES MEDICAL CO., Elkhart, Ind.
South Carolina Association Turns At?
tention to Stock as Factor in Fight
on Boll Weevil.
Columbia, Jan. 17.?Dive stock as
an important factor in the fight
against the invasion of the Mexican
cotton boll weevil was stressed in the
several addresses at the first day's
sessions of tie annual meeting of the
South Carolina Dive Stock association.
The sessions are boing held in the
assembly hall at the Jefferson hotel
and more than 100 well known live
stock breeders are in attendance.
The association was welcomed to
Columbia yesterday by D. C. Hey
ward, former governor and collector
of internal revenue.
The condition of the live stock in
dustry was reviewed in the annual
^^iii l i nj -y tTtp t i?fctrtfc - of
Prosperity, president. He made a
plea for the development of the in*
dustry us a means of overcoming the
economic loss to be caused by the
boll weevil. He gave statistics show?
ing that there has been a steady gain
for the industry during the year. The
last report places the number of hogs
at nearly 1,000,000.
Orangeburg was selected today for
the next annual meeting of the as?
sociation. Plans are already being
perfected for staging a live stoeli
show when the association meets. Of?
ficers for the yeas were elected at the
meeting this afternoon.
A feature of the session today was
:^n address by J. P. Quinerly on dairy?
ing in Alabama under boll weevil con?
The development of the dairy was
the subject of a paper yesterday by
W. W. Fitzpatrick of Clemson Col?
Fifteen cents per pound for hogs
*ras the estimate placed in an aeV
dresa yesterday by James A. McKee,
of Versailles, Ky., a national author?
ity on the hog. He spoke on cooper?
ation as a means of developing
the live stock industry. Ira W.
W Mama of Georgia spoke last night
on cotton breeding. He took the
place on the program of E. Dee Wor
sham, State entomologist of Georgia,
who was prevented from attending
on account of illness.
A. C. L. Contract for Work* From
Florence/ to Lanes.
Florence Times.
It is learned on very good author?
ity that the Atlantic Coast Line hag
let the contract for double tracking
its line from here southward, and that
work will be started at once on the
section from here to Howes.
This will I e of the geatest benefit
to tho eo: y in enabling it to get
:< trains in and out of Florence with
leas delay. The experience of tho
load with the time saved when the
work of double trac king from here to
Pee Dee was completed was a valu?
able object lesson.
This work will bring a large con?
struction force in this vicinity, who
will do a large part of their trading
in Florence if they can get what they
want hen, and from all reports that
u e get, these construction gangs do
not get anything like tho liquor that
they used to get. Their money is
spent for something else.
The r >ast Line is already double
tracked from Lanes to Charleston and
this section has needed it badly for
some time. It is a big work that has
been undertaken, especially after the
heavy hisses Inflicted by the Hoods of
last summer.

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