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Cfct S?latcjjinan anb Soutjjtoit
Psbnsbod Wesseada7 end Saturday.
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?Hlim In 8umt*r
MR. MCLACRIVS RESIGNATION.
The House of Representatives vas
exactly right In voting down the reso?
lution asking John L. McLaurin to
withdraw his resignation ;h State
Cotton Warehouse Commissioner. Mr.
KcLnurln was elcted to this position
by a legislature that contained a very
large majority of anti-Blease men,
snd was re-elected for an additional
term of two years, that did not ex?
pire until 1918, by a legislature sim?
ilarly controlled by anti-Blease men.
The men who elected him rose above
partisanship and gave him opportun?
ity that he asked for to establish the
State Warehouse System. They took
him at his word when he pledged
himself to make the system a busi?
ness organisation and to keep It and
himself out of politics. How'he kept
his pledge is a matter of record. But
notwithstanding Mr. MeLaurin's fail?
ure to keep his promlso to stay out <>.''
polities, there has been no movement
to oust him from the position to which
he was re-elected last year. There
Deems to have been a general agree?
ment that he should be permitted to
serve out hla term and given, not only
a free hand to work out his plans for
the development of the warehouse
system, but the substantial coopeia
tion of all of those who want a State
controlled and supervised system of
warehouse*. Instead of there being I
a demand for Mr. MeLaurin's resig?
nation- or a theeat to?a**e?blm^^j
out before the expiration of his terror
Mr. Mctaturln has been threatening to
resign and leavo the system and the
Stats of South Carolina to their fate
every time things did not go to suit
him. He has reminded us of the
peevish and contentious little girl who
Is always threatening to quit playing
and take her rag dolls and go homo
when the other children object to
her being th > autocrat of the play?
ground. If Mr .McLaudn wants to
quit, let him resign and be done with
It Let hire take his rag dolls and
We have consistently held to
the posit lor that Mr. McLaurin
should be retained as Warehouse Com?
missioner, after having been placed
in that position and ht.ving accom?
plished good work n inaugjrating the
system, but we do not bellevo he
should be begged to retain a job that
he eagerly sought in tho first instance,
if he s as anxious to serve the pco
people of South Carolina as he and
bis partisan* assert, if he and they
are so confident that he is the only
man in the State that can save the
Warehouse System and tho farmers
of South Carolina, if he is the big
hearted, broad-minded, brave and un
terrtfted patriot that he himself has
told us he is, then he would not resign
the position which he savs is so im?
portant to tho people. He not only
would not resign, but would not be
put out without u tight becoming a
man of grit and purpose. If he hnd
had the back-bone to mike a fight,
we would have supported him, in
spite of his very objectionable polities
and his childish love of praise and
Mattery, for the reason that he had
already accomplished considerable
good by his management of the ware?
house system, under adverse condi?
tions and should be given a fair
ch mce to carry his plans to comple?
tion. But we would nev^r beg a ay
officer to recall a threat to roslgn.
VILLA FORCES AI?VANCE.
El Paso, Jan. 18.?Smail hands of
?h#? Villa advance guard penot; ate 1
Chihuahua City yesterday. Desultory
street fighting continued all da v.
Foreigners aie fleeing. The lb I,
continues. The main body ef Vil
lists* Is battling Caranzistas near
Amsterdam, Jan. 18.? Dlspat-1
from Berlin states that It is ejUMNMC
ed there that one submarine sun',
toon merchant ships on a single voj
I/ondon, Jar. 1^ British st. n
ship Arohnnorsg, the schconer Ki
ptirney and the Danish steam h ;
Omsk have been sunk, Lloyd's report
NO GERMAN PEACE PARTY.
VIRTUALLY FldMlNATFD ilY EX
CIIANUK or NOTE*
I>c<p4te Fact That Whole Nation Sup?
ports (.o\eminent. Further' Action
Is Discussed Towards Peace.
Berlin. Jan. 17 (Tuesday), 'via
London).?Time enough having elaps?
ed since publication of the entente's
reply to President Wilson to permit
German opinion to crystalize, the ef?
fects of the announcement of terms
which the entente allies regard as a
necessary resul* of the war are clearly
The pronunciamento of the allies
together with earlier interchanges of
opinion on the peace proposals, may
be regarded as having virtually elimi?
nated the peace party in Germany ex?
cept for a small minority of dissident
Socialists, some of whose newspaper
organizations still see the possibility
of continuing the discussions.
The large and Inlluential section, in?
cluding a majority of the Socialists
and powerful influence among non
Socialists which up to last month was
bringing the heaviest pressure to bear
on the government to take steps for
the opening of pence negotiations
based on an understanding, is now
convinced such organizations are Im?
possible. Virtually the entire nation
is lined up behind the government for
energetic prosecution of the war.
Regarding the possibility that Ger?
many would state terms, the an?
nouncement of Dr. Alfred Zimmer?
mann, the foreign secretary, to the
Associated Press indicates that this la
now out of the question, and the gov
ernment apparently had adopted this
as a different decision.
For some reason, however, there is
an impression which will not down
that the government may perhaps re
connider and make some announce?
ment of Its peace programme, particu?
larly In regard to Belgium and the
remainder of the Western front as it
has done already in regard to Poland.
Whether the government will thus
change Its policy may perhaps depend
on the degree of enthusiasm show:i
by the Poles in defending thlr coun?
Announcment of terms for restorn
tion of Belgium and return of the
occupied provinces of France would,
if laaued, be made for purposes of con
?fkWft Keine I rasaerramme .nf the en?
tente which, so far as Germany is
concerned, is Interpreted as moaning
annexation or Alsace and Lorraine, the
west bank of tho Rhine and the
ancient Polish provinces of Prussia.
Should the terms be announced it
would not be in the expectation that
they would load for the present to
negotiations with the entente.
The possible inauguration of ruth?
less submarine warfare with a view
to bringing Kngland to terms is much
discussed. The interests and organ?
izations which during the last two
internal crises on the submarine ques?
tion were so much in evidence are
At present inauguration of a so
called big submarine war?in other
words indiscriminate destruction
without warning of hostile merchant?
men and of neutrals within the for?
bidden zone?apparently is not con?
templated, but there are Indications
that naval warfare may bo sharpened
in other ways not affected by the
Among possible new measures Is an
Increase in the rigor of the prize
rules, with definite adhesion to the
principle which was slackened In the
case of the Bloomersdijk that neutral
ships touching an enemy port on the
way to their destination with contra
band are considered fair prizes. This
would be based on the British prac?
tice of taking cargo from neutral
steamers putting in at British por
for compulsory examination and send?
ing It to the prize court, or purchasing
for the government account neutral
trans-Atlantic shipping which Great
Britain compels to call at Kirkwall,
Falmouth or other ports for exami
nation and which Germany would re?
gard as carrying contraband to the
Selected planting cotton seed. Dig
Bell and Karly Varieties, 1)0 day eot
ton. This early variety matures
before the boll weevil gets In his de?
structive Work. orders taken for
these seed by S. F. Stoudenmire at
W. B. Boyle Co., and W. Green, at
?oothern cotton on Co,?Advt.
To Attend Son's Funeral.
Rev. J. II. Wilson, pastor of the
Lutheran church, was called to At
lanta yoaterday on account of ibe
death of his son at that place. Tk?
funeral Bervlcea will be held at Ehr
bardt, 8. C.
Selected planting Cotton seed. II ?
roil and Karly Varieties, 10 day cot?
ton. This early variety matures
before the boll weevil gets in his de
atruetlve work, Ordere taken for
these seed by B, I'. Stoudenmire at
w. it. Boyle Co., and w. Green at
Southern Cotton Oil Co. -Advt
DON'T RAISE ALL C?TTOV.
F. Williams Warm Farmers of
Uncertainty of Price of Cotton and
High Cost of Fertilizers?Says GcC
More Cows and Raise Feed for
Them?Creamery Routes Should be
The farmers of Sumter county
have never begun to prepare for a
cotton crop with so much uncertain?
ty as to the price that they are likely
to receive for it. This we all know
that the price of fertilizers are high
and that there is no potash worth
mentioning. What will the farmers
of Sumter county do this year At
the present prices of supplies and fer?
tilizers, if we do not receive as much
as fifteen cents per pound for cotton
next fall there will be no profit as it
is produced on the average farm.
Growing cotton without making a |
profit is very poor farming Indeed.
We all know that cotton is a soil rob- I
ber crop and that it takes liberal ap?
plications of fertilizer to keep land
Up that is run In cotton year after
year. This past fall the high prices
for seed have helped the profit of
growing cotton very materially, but as
soon as peace in Europe is declared
the price of seed is sure to slump *.o
about half of the price that obtained
this past fall. Oil and Unters, two
products of cotton seed, are used in
the manufacture of powder and it is
the demand for these two products
that is making the seed bring such a
Last summer the cotton crop gave
up about the time that storm came
in July and of course we all attribut?
ed it to the storm. I am not at all
sure but that the lack of potash had
something to do in many cases in
cotton giving up and rot coming back.
Potash tends to combine the phos?
phorous and nitrogen in a plant and
lo keep the plants green. Cotton
needs potash more than any of the
crops that we grow on account of^iU:
long growing period. Corn matures
about the middle of August, You may
cut it down about that time and, the
ears will bo mature hut conditions in
September and. October have a great
deal to do with the cotton crop. A
failure to make a good crop on any,
farm whVm a considerable amount of
expense is involved means very Uttle
profit, if any, if the price remains
high and a big loss, if the price drops
below ten cents, as 1b likely with? a
sixteen or seventeen million - irtSfc
?1 If the boJl weevil makes the same
progress another year in this direction
as he made this past year we shall
see weevils In Sumter county next
fall. They are not likely to do any
damage next fall in this county but
they will likely arrive for business the
next year 1918. So this is the jyear
for us to get ready for him. We ha.ve
not organized a single cream route In
tho county. In three sections of the
county farmers have told me that
they were going to increase their num?
ber of cows and grow fed in order to
start up delivering milk later. There
is no prollt in growing livestock or
producing dairy products unless the
feed is producd on the farm. Corn,
hay, velvet beans, peanuts and peas
should be produced in such quanti?
ties that at least three cream routes
could be started up profitably in Sum?
ter county another year, and about
twice as many hogs and beef cat?
tle should be raised.
There are a number of orchards
that were sprayed last winter for scale
that are looking well at this time.
Every year the nursery agents go
through our county and take up or?
ders from the farmers at about dou?
ble the price that the same trees
could be purchased direct from the
nurseries. Some of them by using
their pretty pictures impose upon
some farmers who think that the
price they pay for a thing determines
its quality, and reap some very, very
large profits. Two years ago I was
informed by a reliable farmer that he
paid as high as $1 apiec for peacli
trees and 1 am not exaggerating when
I state that, this samo farmer will
never get a peck of peaches per tree,
If ho ever gets a peach, due to the
fact that the trees were neglected. His
trees were just as good and no better
than those that may be purchased
from numbers of nurseries at fJwftl
four to I en cents apiece. I can show
any one here in Sumter county two as
line orchards of peach trees two years
old that will bear from a peck to a
bushel of peaches per tree, if the cold
weather does net kill them, and the
tiers cost only two and a half cents
apiece. Now 1 should not grieve if a
farmer paid a dollar apiece for tttecs
:r it would make him take better enrel
of bis orc hard, b it when he spends
his money ami gets nothing in return
he is discouraged und is Inclined to
?o n those who any, "Q, well there la
ei d no use to try."
Motwccn Ifrla lime and the time
iv] <?:? i! ? treed begin to hud all peach
and apple treea should he sprayed
I with lime atllphur solution. This ?0
: lutlon may he purchased from the
drug stores in Sumter at 25 cent-s^ur
gallon and one gallon of tho concen?
trated solution mixed with eight gal?
lons of water makes the spray sola
tion that will destroy the scale and
make the hark of the trees look
slick and like it used to look before
scale appeared in this country.
If the borers have not been remov?
ed it is high time these were gouged
out as no tree can he healthy with
its trunk pierced with holes. Trees
should also be pruned, especially the
weak ones, very severely as you do
not want the trees to set more fruit
than they can mature or else all of the
fruit will he inferior.
J. Frank Williams,
WOULD RETAIN WAREHOUSE
E. W. Dabttfl Points out Groat Value
of Institution to Farmers and Lose
Which Would Follow its Abolish?
To the Editor of The Daily Item:
I note with regret the letter of
Joe Sparks from Columbia on .the
probability of the repeal of the State
warehouse law on the showing made j
by the commissioner in his report that
on September 23rd there was only
15,000 bales on storage in the sys?
tem, that 98 of the 158 awrehouses
were empty. This is no valid reason
for its repeal. It only goes to show
that cotton was selling so much high?
er than our peonle were accustomed
to have it that they sold out. There
has been another factor operating
against it: the fight of the insurance
people against McLaurin for his
cheapening the rates and telling about
it, and his entry into politics, which
made people uneasy. But high prices
was the main cause.
Now to abolish the system moon
that when the next crisis comes (and
we all know that It will come sooner
or later) more money will be lost ten
times over in a few weeks than it will
cost to keep the system intact fo"
ten years. But sonic one says why
i tax the whole people to prevent a
probable loss to the farmers? The
answer is simple, bet ause the business
interests of the State will suffer when
tho farmers suffer If this is not so
why the business .activity to prepare
the farmers to meet the boll weevil
I can not believe that a legislature
that spends thousands of dollars on
tick eradication, $90,000 in the past
three years, will balk at spending five,
ten or fifteen thousand dollars toj
make It Impossible to stampede the
cotton growers to the absolute pa?
ralysis of business as has happened
in the past.
McLaurin is out of it. Put some
other capable man In his place, he
can be found, though I wish to say
publicly that I do not believe there
is a man in tho State who could have
accomplished what McLaurin did with
the limited means at his disposed.
Keep the system and perfect it, for
so surely as the seasons come and go
It will not be two years before it will
be needed. Keep the system to be
able to enter the federal warehouse
system when the time is ripe.
It cost $100,000 to enact the ware?
house system, for that was all the
special session of the legislature did.
But it was worth the cost ten times
over to business in South Carolina..
Will the legislature throw all that
money away and force an equal or
greater cost when needed again to
save a few thousand dollars a year?
Might as well let ticks he reintro
duccd in tick free territory because
the people have not gone into cattle
raising on the j-jcale we hoped they
would. E. W. Dabbs.
8UMTER COTTON MARKET.
Corrected Daily rre
HARBY & CO.. Cotton Buyem.
Good Middling 17 1-2 to 5-8.
Strict Middling 17 3-8 to 1-2.
Middling 17 1-4 to 3-8.
Strict Low Middling 17.
Low Middling 16 1-2.
Corrected Dally by
ERNEST FIELD, Cotton Buyer.
Good Middling 17 1-2.
Strict Middling 17 3-8.
Middling 17 1-4.
Strict Low Middling 17.
Low Middling 16 1-2.
Staple cotton 20 to 23c.
NEW YORK COTTON MARKET.
Open High Low Close Close
Meli . .17.39 .49 .is .48 .3 1
May . .17.59 67 .37 .66 .4'.?
July . .17.57 .68 ,37 .66 ,C0
Oct . .16.30 .fit .19 .53 .25
Dec. . .16.35 .61 .34 .61 .33
Miss Eugenia Cummings died yes?
terday, at the b.mie of her brother
in-law, Mr. .1. W. Moore, after an il!
ness of about three \Noeks ,agod ?'7
years, The funeral services and In?
terment were held ibis afternoon at
4 o'clock at Pet hol Church, OswegO.
FREE SAMPLE?Largo paper-shell
pecans. Land-owners, write foi
sample nuts and prices of trees t<>
day. Southern Nut Tree Nurserh i
To The Planters
of Sumter County
We want you to call upon us before you
buy your Fertilizers this season.
We can and will save you money.
Fertilizer materials are higher propor?
tionately than mixed goods.
It will pay you to talk it over with us be?
fore you buy.1
HARBY & CO., Inc.,
SUMTER, S. C.
Sumter's Bank for Savers
Every requirement of a safe, efficient de?
pository for saviogs is fully met by the
National Bank of Sumter.
Absolute security is combined with the
highest rate of interest consistent with
perfect safety. Promptness and courtesy
are important features of our service.
All are welcome. Call and open an ac?
The National Bank of
' ?n.. ? 1?u?im ii ii ii ? i .mi m i imil in i ???^?
Gives a dollar's worth of real service for
every dollar deposited here.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
The Oldest Banking Institution in the County
The National Bank of
Our steady growth tells the story
?New accounts each day?The largest
bank in this section ol the State.
Safety first. Preparedness all the
time. Your patronage we want.
C. G. ROWLAND,
K. L. McClY,