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SUMTKR WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
'Be Just and Fear not?Let all the ende Thon
at be thy Country's, Thy God's and nr>mtaVB/
THE TRUE fcOUTHKO"
?abllahed Jnn^, I inn,
Ctonaolidated Aur. 2,1881.
SUMTER, 8. 0., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 24, 1917.
Jol.XuIII. No. 46.
fiMIB 10 RETURN HOME.
STATU TROOPS TO D? SENT BACK
WITHIN SHORT TIME.
PmhJng'a Forces Enough for Duty
and Will Make It Inneecwsary to
Keep Volnasccrn on Rio Grande.
Washington. Jan. 18.?Although
Villa's operation** have injected con?
fusing factor* into the situation in
northern Mexico and along the border,
there I? every Indication that the ad?
ministration la going forward with its
plans for early withdrawal of Persh
?ng'? expedition and demobilization
of the National Guard.
Officials here have insisted that it
was Impossible to set a definite date
for the troop movements because of
the uncertainty of transportation fa?
cilities and because the situation at
the border and beyond constantly is
changing. It has been indicated
clearly, however, that unless there
was some unexpected developments
Gen. Pershtng*s withdrawal and tho
return of the guardsmen would be
ordered within a few days, possibly
by the end of this week.
The reports on Villa's new cam?
paign apparently have not disturbed
this determination but they ?havo
somewhat bewildered official Ideas as
to the real situation and in the end
may operate to hold up the orders un?
til a more thorough investigation has
been mads. Army officers contend
".hat tho Psrshing force would be in
ii better military position If withdrawn
und regrouped, but they are anxious
1 o locate the Villa fores more defin?
itely before there is any American
Border dispatches today transmit?
ting rumors that ths guardsmen
vould be ordered home within five
days wore heard pv war department
officials without comment. Gen.
funston has exercised a wide dis?
cretion regarding details of troop dls
poattSeno and it is assumed generally
that too ooract dato will depend largely
4SI Mo aosssamsnt of conditions along
Iba border and-in the territory where
"VstsLA ONLY WATTING,
sti PagO. Texas. Jan. 18.?American
army officers here believe Vila, who
O'aa reported at San Andres Tuesday,
ras delayed his attack upon Chihua?
hua City until the Americans have
been withdrawn from Mexico.
Villa does not wish to do anything
that will delay departure of the
trops, for which he will take credit,
tie officers aaid. A Mexican mer?
chant arriving her said skirmishes
had been in progress between Fresno
and San Andres since Sunday.
A band of Villa troops was report?
ed at the western entrance of San
Clara canyon, southeast of El Valle,
yesterday, according to government
amenta. El Valle is the southern out
P>nt of the American expeditionary
force, and it is said these troops were
expected to occupy the town when the
American troops left.
RELEASE COMES SOON.
Columbus, N. M , Jan. 18.?It was
unofficially reported here today that
the mlllt? will be released from bor?
der service within five days. Officials
JEAIX?l NY CAUSES MlTRDF.lt.
T?nncv?c<* Mine Superintendent Kills
flock wood. Term.. Jan. 1?.?Tom
Drown, a??l*tant superintendent of
tho K?nne Iron Company, shot and
killed Frank Gumbill, County Pine
commissioner this morning. The
cause was the Jealously of a woman
OamMi I recently married.
MAN. MADE PRISONER.
M .ii rinn 120,000 Teuton* Ciipturcd
> o'.don. Jan. 19.?More than 428,
? *(\ officers and nun were taken prls
? I i l>y the Itupflluns during the past
.? er. und R2"? suns captured. aOOOrd?
loc t > 11 Knsslnn ?ervlc? organ, as
o.notes' in a Gatstfal Nsjwa djopatoft
from Petrograd todav. Tho Journal ?
Closes Its review of the war opera?
tion i duilng the year with the follow?
ing nppoxlmute figures of men and
Officer* H.770; men 420,000; guns
lit; much.ne guns 1,601; trench mor?
tars and mine thrower* 421.
More than 80 per cent, of the fore?
going wan yielded by tho operation
of Dsn. Hrussllof.
Wssblngton. Jan. 20.?ftwts* reser?
vists of the second, fourth and fifth
irmv division* In this country have
been called to the colors. It wa* learn?
ed at ths Swiss legation today. The
mo in lire Hon has boen ordered for
LEAVE EXTENDED MEN.
MAY MEAN EARLY RETURN OF
Message to Governor?Leaves and
Fiirlougits for Officers and Men
Lengthened Thirty Buys, Says
Springs in Message to Governor.
Columbia, Jan. 19.?Oov. Manning
received last night a telegram from
Col. Holmes B. Springs, commanding
the Second South Carolina infantry,
at Camp Stewart, El Paso, Texas,
which strengthens considerably the
I belief induced by dispatches of yes
j terday from Qen. Funston's head?
quarters, that the guardsmen on the
border will be sent home shortly.
Col. Springs wired Oov. Manning
"Orders just received extending all
I loaves of absence of officers and fur?
loughs of men for a period of 30
j Military men think it not unlikely
that this means that before 30 days
shall have expired ,the Second South
' Carolina will be at home, or on the
Capt. E. B. Cantey of Columbia,
commanding the machine gun unit,
: Is at home on leave. A number of en?
listed men are at home on furloughs.
i la among the Second regiment officers
Capt. Cantey had expected to loave
today for El Paso unless he should
j receive an order extending his leave.
I Bergt. Oaillard Rembert ,also of the
machine gun company, is in OolV&V
I tote, too.
RELIEVES IN SPEEDY RETURN.
Gov. Manning Thinks Second Regi?
ment will be Ordered Home in Next
Columbia, Jan. 19.?Oov. Manning
expressed the opinion today that the
movement of the Second regiment
from the border will begin rt an early
date. The leave of absen', for all of?
ficers and privates at home has been
extended for 30 days. The announce?
ment in army circles is that the
troops will be relieved within five
Camp Btyx at tn oncuBoul sencltu??
for the reception of the troops. The
adjutant general's office has - not yet
ben advised of a movement by the
It Is probable that Columbia city
council will make an appropriation
for the entertainment of the regiment.
There will in all probability be a dress
parade on Main street after the
troops have passed in review before
Capt. E. B. Cantey of the machine
gun company la in Columbia. He
was to have left today for the bor?
der. The order extending the leave
of absence caused him to remain in
REPUBLICANS FIGHT GRAYSON.
Develop Strong Opposition to Promo?
tion of President's Aide to Reur Ad?
Washington, Jan. 19.?Strong op?
position developed today among Re?
publicans of the senate against con?
firming President Wilson's nomina?
tion of Dr. Cary T. Grayson, his naval
aide and physician, for promotion
from the grade of lieutenant com?
mander to rear admiral over the heads
of more than 100 ranking officers of
the navy's medical corps. Some of
the Republican leaders say the nomi?
nation never will bo confirmed end
others that there certainly will be a
vigorous fight against it. One of the
five nominations for new rear ad?
mirals sent in yesterday, that of Chief
Naval Constructor Dnvld W. Taylor,
was confirmed soon after it was re?
ceived. Action on all the others was
REAL PROBE STARTED.
Sherman Whipple of Boston Engaged
to Conduct Irf'itk Investigation.
Washington, Jan. 20.?Tho real
work of investigating the leak of thr
president's peace note will be Started
today following a conference between
Sherman Whipple of Boston, and the
members of the rules committee who
are directing the probe. It Is a
foregone conclusion that Mr. Whip
pie will bo retained as counsel for
tho committee. Tho examination of
Mrs. Visconti, tho "woman mystery,*'
is expected to be Started Monday. She
remains In seclusion but h? r w here?
abouts are unknown to the sergeant
at-arms of the house. She has agreed
to appear whenever summoned.
Rio de Janeiro. Jan. 20.?The Get
man raider that M preying on com
merce in the South Atlantic is accom
panted by three submarlnee, says ;
Pernambueo dispatch. The submer
slides do scout duty.
M'SOWAN ADVANCES STEP.
PAYMASTER GENERAL MADE
PERMANENT REAR AD?
South Carolinian Promoted to Top
of Pay Corps Over Twelve Men
Outranking 11 Im?Selection on
Washington, Jan. IS.?Sam L.MC
Gown, paymastor general of the
navy and chief of the bureau of sup-'
plies and accounts, was today nomi?
nated by the president for the rank
of permanent rear admiral of the
senior nine, in accordance with the
naval appropriation act of August 29,
1916, which contained a clause creat
i ing the rank for one officer of the
j pay corps of the navy
Mr. McGowan's home is Laurens,
j where he was born September 1, 187*?
j He entered the pay corps of the nav>
( March 15, 1894, and has risen through
^ the successive grades to be pay* di
i rector with the rank of captain,
which he attained September 23,
i 1915. He has been paymaster general
I with the rank, while holding the of
1 five, of rear admiral of the junior
j nine, since July 1, 1914. Ho is the
i first naval officer to be chosen un
j der the new selection method and in
securing his new place as permanent
i rear admiral Mr. McGowan wosnam
| ed over 12 others who outranked him
: in his corps.
WILSON NOMINATES FIVE.
Names Rear Admirals Under New
Naval Act?Dr. Cary T. Grayson One
Washington, Jan. 18.?Five new
rear admirals of the navy authorized
by congress at the last session, were
nominated today by President Wil?
son. Four of the nominees are de?
partmental bureau chiefs whose po
i sitions carry the rank of rear admiral
during the term of office and the fifth
is Dr. Carey T. Grayson, the presl*
dent's naval aido and physician and
now a past assistant surgeon with
rank of lieutenant commander.
rear admirals in their own right
gardless of their positions in the de?
partment, are :
Frederic R. Harris, civil engineer
(lieutenant commander) chief of the
bureau of yards and docks; William
C. lira ist ed, medical director (com?
mander) surgeon general and chief
of the bureau of medicine and su*
gcry; Samuel McGown, pay director
(captain) paymaster general; David
W. Taylor, naval constructor (cap?
tain) chief constructor.
The last naval appropriation bill
provided for two rear admirals t'
head the list of medical directors and
one each among the civil engineers,
naval constructors and pay directors.
Heretofore captain had been the high?
est permanent grade provided for in
Dr. Grayson, who is promoted from
far down on the medical corps list,
has been attached to the White House
since the Taft administration. He was
retained by President Wilson, and be?
sides nervine; as aide and keeping his
chief in physical trim, he has become
the president's friend and compan?
ion. Tho doctor recently passed the
examination for th?> grade of medi?
cal director and In spite of the de?
mands of the White House upon him
has found time to keep up practice
in loeal hospitals. He is 38 yet s of
ago, a native of Virginia, entered the
navy in 1903 and has had a three
year cruise around the world.
ALLIED SHIPPING WARNED.
Wireless Message Flashed to All Ships
to Watch for New Raiders.
New York, Jan. 20.?A British
cruiser off Sandy Hook has flashed a
warning to all allied shipping that the
British merchantmen St. Theodore,
Which has been captured and armed
as a raider by the Germane, is bt
lleved to bo SCOUtIng In the steam?
BANDITS ROB BANK.
Five Men Loot Office, Shooting Wife
and Sons or President.
Knnapolis, Kan.. Jan. 20?Five
bandits robbed the Exchange State
bank of $3,000 this morning. They
shot and slightly wounded Mrs. James
Cawle, wife of the president and
two sons who came upon thou. Thev
New York, Jan. 20.?Tho British
steamer Lindenhall arrived today
from Naples slightly damaged from
an encounter with a submarine in the
Mediterranean. The submarine chas?
ed tho IJndenhall, shelling her und
two shots were effective.
HEAD FOR UND BANK.
. J. H. VON ENGELKEN SLATED
th Carolinian, Romor Says, May
Succeed Mint Director in That Po?
Columbia. Jan. 19.?F. J. H. von
Engelken, at present the director of
the mint, is likely, rumor says, to be
?President of the land bank which will
Boon be established in Columbia for
the district comprising the Carolinas,
Georgia and Florida. Official con?
formation at Washington is lacking
and nothing on the subject is to he
had in Columbia, but. it is known that
Jf negotiations which are pending
come to the expected conclusion Mr.
von Engelken will be head of the
The organization with w hich the 12
tend banks will start will be tempo?
rary and it is likely that elections- oi
directors and officers will be dictated
in large part from Washington, in?
asmuch as the federal government
will at the start provide most or all
of the funds. Each bank will have
five directors. Four of these will be
also officers, as follows: President,
$6,000 (perhaps more); vice presi?
dent, per diem and expenses; secre?
tary, $3,600; treasurer, $4,000. Each
'bank will have also a registrar (who
must be a lawyer) at $4,000, and an
'appraiser at $2,400.
1 Books of subscription to the $7^0,
000 initial capital of the Columbia
bank?officially the Federal Land
bank of Columbia?will he closed
February 9. "The secretary of the
treasury," says that government ad?
vertisement, "'will subscribe, on be?
half of the United States, to the bal?
ance of said capitalization remaining
unsubscribed at the closing of the
books." Mr. von Engelken is a citi?
zen of Florida, an expert financier
and especially an astute specialist in
rural credits, those who know him
"say. He was in Columbia recently or.
a confidential mission. There is said
to be a possibility that one of two
Sooth Carolinians may succeed him
Men who have looked into the mat?
ter say that Columbia, having obtain?
ed the bank itself, need not expect
much in the distribution of director?
ships, and that South Carolina at
large has little to hope for in that con?
nection, with senators and congress?
men from the other Sttaes in the dis?
trict clamoring for "recogniton." It
may be that a South Carolniau will
be designated registrar and pome
chance is said to remain o? securing
to a South Carolinian the appraiser
All that can be said is necessarily
tentative at this stage, but it may he
regarded as fact if Mr. von Engel?
ken desires the presidency of the Co?
lumbia bank he can have it.
VALUABLE INFORMATION SEIZ?
Germans Captured Secret Dispatches
Lit ended for England.
Buenos Aires, Jan. 20.?The Japa?
nese steamship Hudson Maru, which
was captured by the Germans, is still
at Pernambuco. It is reported that
the Brazilian government has issued
orders that she be interned, if arm?
The commander of the Badonshlrc
who was landed at Pernambuce
said that secret information he was
conveying to England bad been seiz?
ed by the Germans. His cargo was
seized, and then his vessel was sunt J
With dynamite bombs.
GERMAN WAR NEWS.
Russians Making Desperate Attacks in
Moldavia ? Mackensen Captures
Berlin, Jan. 20 (Official).?Tin
Russians are desperately attacking In
Moldavia. They penetrated Gorman
positions at one point, but were eject?
ed after bloody fighting. Gen. Mack?
ensen has captured Nanesti on the
Bo roth river. British attacks noai
Vytschete and Lohosss were repuls?
ed. No important operations are re
ported from Macedonia or the east
RIG EXPLOSION WRECKS PLANT
.Munition- Factory Notar London
London, Jan. 19.?"The ministry of
munitions regret to announce that an
explosion occurred this evening at ?
munitions factory, in the neighbor?
hood of London," says an official
statement issued tonight.
"It Is feared that the explosion
was attenedd by a considerable loss
of life and damage to property."
MOVING BACK TOWARD BORDER1
PERSHING'S WITHDRAWAL FROM
MEXICO ALREADY BEGUN.
Troops Will bo Disposed of on Fron?
tier, According to Belief in That
Section?Big Tents Ready at Co?
El Paso, Texas, Jan. 19.?It was
unofficially reported tonight by army
officers that actual withdrawal oper?
ations were under way at El Vr.lle,
the southern outpost of the punitive
expedition in Mexico, and at San
Juaquin, bctwen El Valle and the
field headquarters at Colonia Dub
Predictions that the entire expedi?
tion will begin its march to Colum?
bus, N. M., within the next 72 hours
were made by army officers today.
All supplies billed to Americans in
the Casas Grandcs-Colonia Dublan
I district and sent to Juarez for trans?
portation over the Mexico Northwest?
ern railroad have been ordered held
at Juarez and no more shipments of
supplies will be made over this road
for the punitive expedition.
Ai rangements were also being made
In Juarez today for sending all avail?
able freight cars to Casas Grandes to
bring out the stocks of goods and sur?
plus supplies from the stores of the
American Mormens and others who
have been supplying the American
troops in Mexico.
The dispatching of four empty mo?
tor truck trains of SO trucks e^oh
from Columbus during the past 24
hours was taken here to mean early
withdrawal. The pitching of a num?
ber of large tents at Columbus for
housing equipment, ordnance, mer?
chandise and other army stores also
was considered an Indication of the
early withdrawal and arrival of the
expeditionary column at the field
Gen. Pershing's troops will be dis?
posed along the border with head?
quarters at El Paso and San Antonio,
j according to reports here and in Co
? lumbus today.
Andres Gracia, inspector general of
Carranza consulates, said tonight Car
ranza troops~were' itaady to occupy tho
territory evacuated by the punitive
expedition. These troops will be
brought north to Juarez and sent down
the line of the Mexico Northwestern
railway he explained, adding that a
troop train went down to Casas
Hrandes yesterday in anticipation of
such a move.
A military train left tonight for
Chihuahua City with about 60 men
and 40 officers. These officers had
been in Juarez on leave or on minor
duties, it was said, and were evidently
wanted to take the place of the many
who fell in the Jiminez battle.
BURIED AT ARLINGTON.
Admiral George Dcwey Paid Highest
Possible Honors by Government.
Washington, Jan. 20.?The nation
for which he often risked his life to?
day paid the highest tribute to its
dead admiral, George Dewey, and
his mortal remains were conveyed to
Arlington cemetery to join in their
last long sleep the thousands of pa?
triots who served the country on
land and sea. Nothing was left un?
done to honor the nation's hero. All
government departments were clos?
ed, flags were at half mast and un?
disguised sorrow pervaded every rank.
From the president down all official?
dom accorded the dead admiral all
At his ow n request Admiral Dewey's
body was wrapped in an American
Mag and sealed in a mahogany easiest
and none was permitted to see him
after he was placed in the casket.
Jrcat masses of the flowers surround?
ed the casket. The private service
were simple, there being no music.
President Wilson, the French, Japa?
nese and Spanish ambassadors with
their wives were present. The Mag
draped eotfin, with an imposing pro?
fession left the residence for the cap
itol, where it was deposited in the
center Of the great rotunda when the
impressive, solemn public funeral
ras held. At the conclusion of the
services the remains were laid to rest
in Arlington with full honors for an
MAKES FINAL REPORT.
Trade Commies ton Completes Its
Washington, Jan 19.?a Anal re?
port to congress on the news print
paper Investigation virtually was com
pleted today by the federal trade com?
mission and will be prepared tomor?
row for submission. The commission
already has turned over to the de?
partment of Justice for use in possl
ic prose< utions much of the Infor?
MISSING FLYERS FOUND.
BISHOP AND ROBERTSON RES?
CUED BY SEARCHERS.
They Went South of Border and Were
Without Food or Water for Fo r
Days Spent fcaJIV'eert off Sonora.
Wellton, Ariz., Jan. 19.?Lieut. Col.
Harry G. Bishop and Lieut. W. A.
Robertson, missing army aviators,
exhausted from walking four days in
the wilds of Sonora, Mexico, without
food or water, were found yesterday
more than 200 miles south of the
border by a civilian searching party
Lieut. Robertson was brought back
here today by the searchers. Col.
Bishop, too weak to walk, was left
in charge of four searchers in the
Ronario mountains, where he was
found last night at 10 o'clock.
Two sandwiches and two oranges
each was all the food the men ad
tasted since they left the North Is?
land aviation base at San Diego Jan?
uary 10 on their flight, Robertson
told the searchers.
The only water they had was taken
from the radiator of the airplane,
Robertson said, and it was exhausted
four days ago.
Robertson was found yesterday and
was following the tracks of the au?
tomobile of the searching party. He
was trailing the base of the Gila
mountain, 200 miles south of the bor?
der. He directed the searching par?
ty to the Rosario mountains, 30 miles
farther south, where he said he left
Bishop the day before. Bishop had
become exhausted and was unable to
Leaving Robertson in charge of
two of the searchers, other members
of the party pressed southward and
found Bishop lying on the gound in
a mountain pass. He was unable to
talk and barely able to recognize the
Robertson said the members of the
searching party were the first human
being he had seen since he landed.
He was unable to give definite infor?
mation as to the district where they
landed, but thought it was 250 miles
or mere stvuth of "thJB^.rl
Members of the party who took
charge of Bishop are expected to ar?
rive here tomorrow. The searchers
said neither of the men was delirious
The propeller of their airplane was
broken, Robertson said, when they
made a landing about 12:30 p. m.
Wednesday, January 10. Enough gas?
oline for 30 minutes flight remained
in the tank.
The aviators remained with the air?
plane until 4:30 that afternoon and
then abandoned It, starting across the
desert towards the mountains and
heading north. They drained a gal?
lon oil can and filled it with water
from the radiator of their airplane.
This they carried with them.
ROBT. WILSON BURIED AT EHR?
Well Known Young Man Dies From
Self Inflicted Wound, Following 111
Ehrhardt, Jan. 19.?The body of the
late Robert Dunlap Wilson, who shot
himself in Atlanta early Wednesday
morning, was brought here for inter?
ment today. I^ast summer he suffered
from a serious attack of typhoid fever
from which he never completely re?
covered, physically or mentally. Ho
was then a resident of Palmetto, Fla.,
but later went to Atlanta to live With
a sister. Wednesday morning about
6:30 o'clock he fired a bulet into his
brain. Death followed that night.
Funeral services were conducted
by the Rev. E. F. R. Roof, pastor of
Mt. Pleasant Lutheran church here.
He was assisted by the Rev. D. B.
Groseclose of Fairfax. The Rev. J.
H. Wilson, D. D., pastor of St. James*
Lutheran church. Sumter, is the fath?
er of the young man.
Robert Wilson was 10 years of age.
He was graduated from How bet If
college in June, 1911. The Atlanta
Constitution of Thursday morning
"Robert D. Wilson. 30 years old.
died Wednesday night following his
attempt early Wednesday to take his
own life. He w as a resident of Tampa,
Fla., and came here to get work
which he was unable to do, accord?
ing to relatives. He was suffering
from despondency. ,
"He shot himself In the brain at
162 Westminster drive, where he Was
a visitor. The shooting occurred at
6:30 o'clock, and was done with a
"--calibre revolver. Mr. Wilson was
"Mr. Wilson was said to be in the
fruit business in Florida."