THE BUMTEB WATCHMAN, Established April, 1850.
"Be fuel And Fear uot?Dot an the emde
Consolidated Aug. 2,1861.
SUMTER, S. 0.,
Ain't at be thy Country'e, Thy Ood'. u< TratkU"
THE TRUE SOUTHRON, ?mW0m* hll, I SM>
DAY, JANUARY 27, 1917.
VoLXLin. No. 47.
WILSON ULI SURS BRITAIN.!
IM GMBH LOOK FOR SECRET
MEANING IN STATE?
Ar? Not Prepared to Accept It ou H?
Jrmce Value?RmmImi Press Com
snsnta t>voembly ?n Plan*.
London. Jan. J3.?President Wil?
son's address to the United States
senate has furnished the British gov?
ernment and public with a surprise
as electrifying as his mediatory note
te the belligerent* With the excep?
tion of the Manchester Guardian and
The Dally News, which sro the only
papers in Great Britain that can be
elsasitted as pacificatory, the press
gives the president's utterances an
unfriendly reception and engages In
much speculation over the meanings
which It is considered may be con?
cealed behind certain passages.
Public men Interview begin with
courteous tributes to the president's
food intentions and end by supporting
Great Britain's measures. While the
government can not make any direct
reply to a communication from the
i sssohlsnt to the United States senate
there is certain to be discussion in
parliament The usages of the house
of lords give even greater latitude
for addresssb en any topic any mem
bar wishes to discuss than the Ameri?
can senate, while the house of com?
mons furnishes an equally good op?
portunity for the advancement o' per?
It is already foreshadowed by mem?
bers of the commons that a discussion
will bo Insisted upon when parliament
reassembles snd speeches from mem?
bers of the present and the late cabi?
net sro expected.
Possible action by the American
congress on committing the nation
to membership in an International
longa? Is awaited with greatest in?
terest. Both David Lloyd George in
lif* historic maiden speech as prime
oslalotor and Viscount Grey, while
IsMlCt ?Hat otssnhership In aech a
)'OsPn without obligations to force
Its dec roe by grins would be useless.
The effect of President Wilson's
policy on the status of the Monroe
doctrine is discussed with equal in?
terest. Several Sirltsh publicists,
notably L J. Maxse, editor of The Na?
tional Review, suggested recently
that Great Britain is entitled to a
weighty voles In any International
movement In the American hemi?
sphere because of the growing Im?
portance of Canada as one of' the
foremost nations of that hemisphere.
The voice of the "silent masses"
upon the war was heard In the tabor
party conference st Manchester to?
day when it Indorsed ths action of
ths Labor members of parliament who
entered the wtr cabinet by a vote of
tnere than six to one. Most of the
small substratum of sentiment favor?
ing a conciliatory policy toward the>
central empires Is to be found in Le?
ber unionists snd a small group of
Ths Central News says that un?
doubtedly the manifesto has developed
a situstlon of extreme delicacy. It
sdds: "Whether or not it was ex?
pected by the allied diplomats In Lon?
don It came as a bombshell to those
outside the official circle and no
. amount of President Wilson's 'plain
Rngllah* will convince the renk ;ind
file of the members of pnrllatn<nt or
the man In the streets that It has 00
direct hearing; on ti e immediate taott
of the war.
"It Is not doing the president an In?
justice to say that whatever may have
been the lofty motives of hia speech,
the average British member of parlia?
ment and his constituents regard It OS
sn ill timed Interference In matter?
which can only concern the United
States when the time comes for a not?
Dement of the basis of International
peace. The extreme opinion which to
fairness must be stated is that the
president Is selling the allied causo
to Oermany. The calmer view urges,
a dignified protest to the president to
keep out of the ring till the grgftl
round is over."
INDORSED IX RUSSIA.
Petrograd. Jun. 23 (via London).?
Although Russian public opinion knsj
net had time to digest fully President
Wilson's speech In the senate, the
first impression Is decidedly favornt le.
The first paragraph of the gfje* It,
comparing the general replies of the
central powers with the definite an?
awer of the entente to the prosident a
first note, waa received with pftrtl '
ular satisfaction. Such expreasion of
opinion aa have bean voiced thus fa*
Indlcate ths tone of the rsmslnder of
the note will be Indorsed In Russia,
while decision to reserved la regard to
TO REMEDY EXCHANGE EVILS.;
E. D. SMITH CALLS COTTON CON?
Southern Members of Congress to
Consider Menus of Meeting Com?
Washington. Jan. 22.?Senator E.
D. Smith of South Carolina today
called a conference of Southern mem?
bers of congress, owing to complaints
that have come from farmers, bank?
ers and merchants and business or?
ganizations of the South that the cot?
ton exchange of New York is soiling
and buying contracts below what cot
tno can bo bought for in the spot
market of the South and that the
effect is to demoralize the entire tra(V
and make legitimate hedging impos?
sible. The result is disastrous to any
lcgitimate trading with the exchanger,
and equally so upon the export an.-'
domestic cotton business, it is claimed.
Senators B. D. Smith of South Car?
olina and Hoke Smith of Georgia
and Representative Heflln of Ala?
bama today agreed at the confer?
ence to take up the matter with e
view of determining what steps to
take to correct this evil.
An investigation of the actual
transactions of the exchange by the
department of Justice or some com?
petent body authorized and desig?
nated by congress has been suggested.
Just what steps will be taken have
not been determined but the evil will
bo corrected, so Senator Smith de?
CONDENSED WAR NEWS.
Bulgarians Driven Back in Dobrudja,
??Battle in Riga Region?Trench
Raids In France.
New York, Jan. 24.?Bulgarians
are apparently unable to hold the
ground north of the southern estuary
of the Danube, north of Tultcha.
Dobrudja, which Berlin announced
yesterday they had oocuided. % <fo*y
their withdrawal to their former po?
Extreme cold weather Is hamper?
ing operations in the Moldavian
mountains.. Only skirmishes and ar?
tillery engagements are reported.
Fighting has been renewed in
Riga region on the Russian front.
Berlin reports claim that the fighting
thus far has favored the Germans.
Raiding activities continued on the
Franco-Belgian front. Paris record?
ed successful raids near Chilly, south
of the Sommo and patrol operations
in the Woevre district.
Berlin reports that six entente aero?
planes were shot down yesterday.
Paris reported three German aero?
planes brought down on the French
Washington, Jan. 24.?The consti?
tutional assembly hns approved an ar?
ticle providing for an eight-hour day
and seven hours night work. Chil?
dren under 10 and women are pro?
hibited from working between 10 at
night and 6 in the morning. Children
under 16 and over 12 cannot be em?
ployed more' than six hours daily,
equal wages are provided for men
and women under equal conditions.
some of the concrete points men?
All the morning papers print the
full text of the speech but the only
press comment comes from the Novoe
Vremya, which reserves a final opin?
ion until later. This newspaper says:
"At the beginning President Wilson
saw no difference between our alms
and those of our enemies but now he
does, and one must fairly admit that
he makes a proper deduction. The
general principle which he considers
aeoesnary for the United States co
. holdes exactly with tho foundation
for peace as outlined in our reply to
his first note.
"He declares a final peace in Ko
rope must fcc such as to forever avoid
a repetition of tho present catas?
trophe. That is precisely the aim for
which we are bearing the heavy bur?
den of the war."
The newspaper contends that tho
declaration regarding poace is in ac?
cordance with the Ideas of fairness
and freedom which lie at the basis
of the life of the American people,
that it expresses the point of view
of tho allies also, but that it is not tho
point of view of tho central powers. It
"A firm pence and International
Justice?these are the aims for which
we are shedding our blood. Ger- j
muny's aim is German domination
and the humiliation before her of all ,
the weak peoples. The difference In I
these aims now has become quite
clear to the head of the American re?
PERSHING FORGES Ml
OUTLYING STATIONS fifONG
DRAWN IN PREPARA1
Officials of War Department Admit
That Punitive Expedition Win Soon |
be Thing of Past?Carranza aid His
Antagonists Will Contest fuel Pos?
session of Territory Evaeuat? by
Washington, Jan. 23.-~Tre4j?oye
ments preliminary to withdrawal of
the American expedition frOmjgMex
ico are being carried out ajtthjflfcuth
orn extremity of the Amerflnfi line
under war department ordern w& as
soon as they are complete tbO^maln
body of the expedition will ? start
For the first time officials admitted
today that the withdrawal of oSlpost>
from El Valle and other points about
Colonla Dublan had more thiin a!
local significance and was being j car?
ried out on orders from Washington.
They made no announcement as to
the probable time when the. general
northern movement would beging and
would not even admit that withdraw?
al of Pershlng's troops after\ ten
months in Mexico was at hand. Since
the effort to effect an agreement with
Gen. Carranza ended in failure, the
administration has indicated that its
next step would be made known
through action rather than Iv an?
Officials are much Interested* but
apparently little concerned, vover
growing evidences that a determined
struggle for possession of the terri?
tory evacuated by Pershing may be
; IIa progress soon between Cartanxa
troops and revolutionists,
f, Today's official dispatches said that
Villa and Zapata, the two moat con?
spicuous revolutionary leaders, had
allied themselves for o$Wp?lone
against the de facto armies
8,000 men had been concentre*
the North: since
officials here have indicated that such
problems as are developing abou t Chi?
huahua not only would be left to
the first chief for settlement but
that he would be held responsible
iby the United States government for
their settlement in such a way as to
?protect foreign interests.
Meantime raising of the embargo
on arms to Mexico and the dispatch
of Ambassador Fletcher In Mexico
City remain in abeyance. There were
indications today that the prospect
of sending the ambassador to his post
had been made more indefinite by the
two developments construed In some
quarters as a renewal of practices of
the Carranza government against
which the United States repeatedly
has protested. Officials are surprised
and perplexed over the drastic meas?
ures taken by the first chief against
two banks whose metallic reserve re?
cently was seized and by what some
contend is a revival of persecution
Of the Roman Catholic clergy.
Information reaching the British
embassy today from an official of the
Rink of London and Mexico and the
National Bank of Mexico was that
the bullion and specie taken from the
banks was a forced loan only in the
sense that it was forced. From tin
Bank of London and Mexico the
amount taken was valued at 4,000,
000 pesos. The National Bank's quota
was 5,000,000 pesos. Remaining in
tho vaults of the first are 10,000,000
pesos and the institution's offlco
fear that this may also be removed.
Agents of the defacto government
are in possession of the building and
tho keys to the vaults.
The problem presented by the
seizure has been called to the atten?
tion of the state department again
by representatives of stockholders
who are for the most part British and
French. If representations are made
by the American state department
they probably will be based on the
assumption that tho interests of
American stockholders may be in?
The fate of the two priests ar
rested in Mexico charged with con
spiracy remained unknown her? to?
day. The state department already
has made earnest representations in
their behalf. Both at the state de?
partment and at the White House
1 cores of telegrams nnd letters were
received today appealing to the
American government to exercise
every power to prevent their convic?
tion and execution. Cardinal Gib?
bons was among those who sent such
FORMAL ORDER SOON.
El Paso, Jan. 23.?Army officers
including those arriving from Colum?
bus tonight, predicted a formal or
OPPOSED TO ENFORCED PEACE
?BRYAN DISSENTS FROM WILSON
Spirit of Brotherhood in Speech Meets
Commoner's Appeal While Method
Madison, Wis., Jan. 23.?"The pres?
ident's message is a wonderfully elo?
quent appeal to the nations at war,*'
William J. Bryan said today. "In so
far as it suggests terms of agreement,
it is entirely sound and reflects what
I believe to be an almost unanimous
sentiment. But I dissent entirely
from the proposition that this na?
tion should join a movement to
effect peace in Europe. If I know the
sentiment of the American people, it
is inconceivable that they should be
willing to put the American army anrl
navy at the command of an interna?
tional council, which would necessari?
ly be controlled by European nations
and allow that council to decide for
us when we would go to war.
"I have more faith in our people
to help them by example than I have
In our country to help them by in?
dorsing the European plan of relying
upon force and terrorism.
"In the president's appeal to them,
he presents the philosophy of broth?
erhood and cooperation and this is
inconsistent with the proposition that
it be backed up by a larger display of
force. In other words, the president
has sown wheat and tares together.
I hope that the senate will approve
of the wheat and reject the tares."
ADDRESS STANDS ALONE.
Senator Cumniings Says President
Wilson's Peace Address Most Im?
portant Ever Made by a President.
Washington, Jan. 24.?President
Wilson's suggestions In his "pcaeo
address" were the most important
ever made by a chief executive of
the United States," declared Senator
fl^jj^ opening the debate op
of-the speech. Right or wrong, he
declared, the senate owed It to the
country to set aside ample time for a
full discussion of the issues involved.
STUCKEY WILL STICK.
Lee Man Positive lie Will Run for
Columbia, Jan. 24.?W. A. Stuckey
of Bishopville will be a candidate for
governor in 1918. The announcement
by others of his faction for governor
will not interfere with his plans, he
says. He is a well known and suc?
cessful farmer and a graduate of th*
University of South Carolina. Mr.
Stuckey has been in Columbia several
days conferring with his friends from
various sertions of the State.
Big Battleship Christened at Newport
Newport News, Jan. 25.?The bat?
tleship Mississippi was launched hero
this morning. More than fifteen
thousand people saw the launching.
Secretary Daniels was present. Miss
Camillo McBeath, of Meridian, Miss.,
christened the vessel. She used
der from the war department within
the next 4 8 hours for the withdrawal
of the troops from Mexico. They
said Gen. Pcrshing's main column
should be under way to the border
before the end of the present week.
All sick soldiers in the field hos?
pital at Colonia Dublan and in the
smaller hospitals along the line of
communication were sent to the bor?
der today. Four hundred motor
trucks are plying between the bor?
der and headquarters and have
brought ordnance stores, supplies
and equipment which are being
stored in large tents at Columbus.
Government agonts claim to have
information that Villa has warned his
men In western Chihuahua not to
snipe upon the American troops for
tear of delaying the withdrawal. Villa
troops were reported yesterday at Ja
nos, 50 miles northwest of Colonia
A train of Carranza troops left
Juarez today to garrison El Valle.
The first American outpost troops
reported to have arrived at Colonia
Dublan late today. Before leaving
El Valle, they dynamited all the
adobe houses which they had built
Truck drivers arriving here re?
ported that 5,000 natives and for?
eigners in the zone occupied by the
punitive expedition were preparing to
march to the border behind the
troops. All fear Villa will occupy
the country as soon as it is evacu?
ated by Gen. Pershlng's troops.
NEW PROJECT FOR RIV ? AU?
THORIZED BY CONGE 5 ?
House Allows $50,000 to Prei ji For?
mation of Sand liars Below - urn
bia and to Check Bank's Cs ~.
Columbia, Jan. 24.?"C ree
item just favorably acted on, >n
gressman Lever last night telegraphed
to H. S. Kealhofer, acting secretary
of the Columbia Chamber of Com?
merce. The item in the rivers and
harbors bill to which this mes?
sage refers comprises $o 0,000 for con?
tinuation of navigation improvement
work in the Congaree river, plus $50,
000 for beginning work on a new
project, the revetment of the river
banks at Gill and Congaree creeks
Mr. Kealhofer had been energetic
and insistent in his efilort to obtain
authority and funds for the bank pro?
tection work, and he was jubilant last
night over the inclusion of $50,000 for
that purpose in the bill as it passed
the bouse. His chief task lay in con?
vincing others that a chance existeJ
of obtaining anything, since the revet?
ment was regarded as a new project
and doubt was expressed as to wheth?
er the committee or the president
would sanction any new projects.
Congressman Lever at Mr. Kealhof
er's insistence took up the case vig?
orously, using data furnished him by
the Columbia secretary, and some
days ago was able to say that Chair?
man Sparkman of the river and har?
bors committee had consented to the
inclusion of the revetment item.
Caving of the banks at the mouths
of Gill and Congaree creeks has caus?
ed the formation of sand bars which
have been the principal obstruction to
navigation during the last two or
three years. The army engineers early
in 1914 recommended an appropria?
tion of $100,000 for the revetment of
these banks with stone. Experience
has demonstrated that until the for?
mation of sawd bats-in this stretch
?'shall'be stopped no chance exists of
maintaining the year round naviga?
tion which other work on the river
is intended to make prs.ct^icaJaJe-' '-""*'
Mr. Kealhofer said la:*t night that
the conceding of $50,000 meant the
committing of congress to the revet?
ment project and practically assured
the appropriation in other years of
such funds as might be required to
carry the project Into effect.
HOt; FUSS IN MANNING.
Strong Objection to Ordinance Keep?
ing Swine Out of Town.
Manning, Jan. 23.?An ordinance
forbidding the keeping of hogs with?
in the corporate limits of the town
of Manning, recently adopted at the
instance of the local board of health,
is just now attracting strong oppo?
sition from many citizens of the town.
Numerously signed petitions have re?
cently beer presented to the council
asking for the repeal of the ordi?
nance or for such amendments as will
permit the keeping of hogs, under
proper restrictions. The council re
; ferrcd these petitions to r.he board of
I health for consideration and further
I recommendations, and will set an
i early date for a special hearing of
I the petitioners.
Yesterday the board of health had
j a meeting and nfter deliberation de?
cided to stand by their original reeom
mendation and asked to have a hear
? ing by the council when ?:he question
comes up for formal consideration,
1 and they further asked that Dr. Jas.
A. Hayne, of the State board of
health, be given a hearing at that
time, and to this end the local board
will send a request to Dr. Hayne to
come down and join the local board
in defending its position. There is no
indication now when the matter will
come up for consideration, but there
is no doubt that there will be v igor?
ous contention both for t.nd against
DONALD FOR SHIP BOARD.
! _ i
I - I
Washington, Jan. 23.?The nomi
i nation of John A. Donali of New
York as member of the new federal 1
shipping board was confirmed today
by the senate. When the nomina?
tions of the other four members1
were confirmed last week that of Mr.
Donald was held up by apposition
of Progressive Republicans and some
The opposition was based on the
employment of Chinese crows on
ships under British registry operated
by a company formerly headed by
Mr. Donald. Organization of the
board, delayed pending action by the
senate, will be effected in the near
BETHLEHEM CUTS MELON.
PROSPEROUS WAR BRIDE GIVES
PARTY TO FRIENDS.
Increase in Cash to 10 Per Cent. Quar
torly and Stock Division of 200 Per
New York, Jan. 23.?One of the
largest "melons'* ever divided by an
industrial corporation was announced
today when the directors of the Beth?
lehem Steel corporation increased the
common stock dividend from 7 1-2
per cent, to 10 per cent, quarterly;
recommended a 200 per cent, com?
mon stock dividend or bonus, and
also offered the common stockholders
the right to subscribe to $16,000,000
new stock at par on the basis of
share for share of present holdings.
This action was made possible by
proposed increase of the common
stock from $15,000,000 to $60,000,
000. The plan regarding the new
stock is to be submitted to share?
holders at a special meting Febru?
ary 14. Inasmuch as Charles M.
Schwab, chairman of the corporation,
and his friends are believed to con?
trol the present stock issue, it ie
virtually assured that the proposi?
tion as a whole will be approved.
Voting power will be withheld from
the new stock. One reason for this
decision, and perhaps the most im?
portant, it was explained, is that Mr.
Schwab promised the British govern?
ment from which he had received
orders running into hundreds of mil?
lions of dollars, that he would njt
relinquish control of the corporation
while the war lasts.
The usual annual dividend of 7
per cent, on the preferred etock, pay
able in four quarterly Installments,
also was declared. Earnings of the
Bethlehem Steel corporation for the
year 1916 amounted to $61,717,329.
Deducting interest chargee of $2,
772,575 and charging off $14,350,785
to depreciation and depletion, the
aggregate net addition to the surplus
I * 143,598.96*. making a total w
plus on December 31, 1916 of
^gWmVet&lfirtenSitLt the beginning
of the present year amounted to ap?
proximately $193,500,000, exceeding
those of a year ago by about $18,000,
It was announced that it was
mainly because of the corporation's
greatly increased volume of business
that it was deemed necessary to ap?
propriate increased amounts to con?
struction and working capital and en?
gage in a general policy of financial
Completion of the proposed issue
of $46,000,000 new stock, it was ex?
plained, will increase assets by $15,
000,000 cash and will increase the
outstanding common stock issue by
four shares to one.
COTTON GINNING REPORT.
Total Shows Increase Over Last Year
to January 16.
Washington, Jan. 23.?Cotton gin?
ned prior to January 16 amounted to
11,117,118 running bales, exclusive of
; linters, including 181-,00 4 round bales
! and 115,463 balos of sea island, the
census bureau today announced:
To January 16 last year ginning ag?
gregated 10.751.990 bales, including
106,968 round bales and 90,671 bales
of sea island. That was 97.1 per cent,
of the entire crop.
Ginnings by Slates follows:
Alabama ., 543,98T
Arkansas . 1,069,207
California . 31,725
Georgia . 1,825,62t
Missouri . 57,041
North Carolina. 659,411
Oklahoma . 810,410
South Carolina. 936,700
Tennessee . 362,773
Texas . 3,543,298
Virginia ., 26,603
All other States. 11,559
SHRINE CLUB OFFICERS.
Abe Ryttenberg Chosen President
At i meeting last night of th%
Sumter Shrine Club officers' were
elected for the ensuing year, ns fol?
low*: President, Abe Ryttenberg;
vice president, J. W. Jackson; secre?
tary and treasurer, A. E. Tisdale;
executive committee, Oeo. D. Levy,
chairman: Geo. G. Tweed, W. U Me
Cutchen, E. Carson and IT. N. For*
The executive committee is now
making arrangements for the trip of
the patrol and other members of the
Shrine club to Spartanburg in May
and to Minneapolis in June.
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