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Cfte 88atc(pnan anb 5out|)tOK.
Wed Deads? and SaturrUv.
iumtbr, a a
11.10 per ana am?L* advance.
DM Hiiii trot insertion.fl.00
for three month*, or
frill ho made ot reduced rotem,
luntcetions which eu fe?
te privat? interests will bo charged
for ao edvtu-tisementa.
Obttoartss and tribute* of respect
?nil be oaanred for.
The shunter Watchman woo found?
ed Im Iii? and the True Southron in
ft tie. The Watchman and Southron
sow baa the combined circulation ond
tn#oonoe off both of the old paper*,
aad te aasnlfestly the boot advertising
1? In tJumter.
The membership committee of the
Chamber of Commerce has started
a canvass of the business men of the
city to obtain renewals of old mem?
berships and to enroll new members
In the organisation. The Chamber of
Commerce cannot be maintained
without an assured Income sufficient
to pay the necessary expenses, and
there srs certain fixed charges that
cannot be reduced below a certain
point. The only sourco of ncome is
the voluntary subscriptions of those
business men of 8umter who believe
that the Interests of the city require
an organisation that will represent
them and do the work for the develop?
ment of community that they cannot
do Individually. The need of a com?
mercial organisation is so self-evi?
dent that there Is no ground for rea?
sonable argument sgalnst th; propo?
sition. Its sphere of usefulness and
influence, Its opportunity and its duty
are well defined and the experience
of years proves conclusively that u
commercial organisation is an essen?
tial supplsment to a progressive and
growing cominmcrcial community. A
community thst is dead commercially,
or is retrograding, in other respects,
will not admit the need of an organ?
isation and may be so far gone as to
refuse to maks any off ort to have or
maintain it, but Sumter is neither
dead nor dying commercially, and the
indifference occasionally exhibited
to the welfare of the Chamber of
Commerce seems to be due largely, to
h?ng of satisfaction with condi
Bod that it is well to let well
encttV* Ilona? with every men looking
out for himself?and in?-?^-r?-"r asjvj
ing membership dues to Chamber of
Commerce. Fortunately theJLis nj
active antagonism to a commer?g|pr
ffenlsatlon and the incorrigible^!
wads are in a minority In the c<5
munity, therefore the indifference
that has gradually grown up can be
eradicated and a feeling of inter
sot and co-operation will take its
place. If the merchants, banks, and
other Individuals and corporations
whose business health and develop?
ment are dependent upon the growth
and prosperity of the community as
a whole, will but give the matter a
little thought and take a broad-mind?
ed and liberal Instead of a narrow
and selfish view of the matter. If
Sumter is to have a Chsmber of Com?
merce it should be properly support?
ed and placed on a dignified and sub?
stantial bssis. Ths organisation shoulJ
not be treated ss a poor relative or
mendicant that cannot be dodged.
If tt has any right to exist, and all
agree that It is a necessary ad in net
to the business community, it merits
a proper and regular support. The
Chsmber of Commerce Is supposed to
be the representative of the best of
the community and unless It can bo so
treated and so supported It should
be abolished forthwith and the pre?
tense of maintaining an organisation
abandoned. The result of the can
vass of the membership committee
will reveal the sentiment of the bus?
iness men of Sumter as to this point.
Wlsncky News Notes.
Wlsacky, Jan. 23.?Very little work
has been done on tbo farm on ac?
count of the dreadful weather.
The oat and wheat crop promises to
be good in this section.
There seems to be a scarcity of la?
bor here. A good many fanners are
short of hands. There has little
work been done In the gardens, as it
continues so wet.
Miss Clark of Oswego spent the
week-end with Miss Murgueri ? Scott.
A wedding of much Interest to
many friends was thut of Miss Janls
Allen and Mr. Chas Anderson.
Ths ceremony took pluce at l:tl
o'clock at the First Baptist parnomigo,
Hsv. W. E. Thayer officiating.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson left on the
evening train for St. Charles, where
they will spend a few days with the
parents of the groom, before going to
Klmlre, N. Y., their future home.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have many
friends In Sumter who wish for them
s bright and prosperous future.
STARCH FROM POTATOES.
CLEMSON AND FEDERAL AGEN?
CIES PROIMSK PLANT FOK
Industrial Chemists Moot Farmers ami
UueJncas Men in Columbia Hext
Monday?Project Already Tried Out
but on Small Scale.
Columbia, Jan. 25.-The exten?
sion division of Clemson college in
cooperation with the United States de?
partment of agriculture has been
working for some time on the prob?
lem of finding markets for the differ?
ent agricultural products of the State,
realizing that it is absolutely neces?
sary to create greater markets if the
farmer is to practice diversification.
This was the object in urging the es?
tablishment of the packing houses at
Orangeburg and Greenville, to provide
a market for hogs and beef cattle
and indirectly lor surplus hay an i
grain. The establishment of the
cream routes was to develop the
The creation of a market for sweot
potatoes, that would Justify the farm?
er in mlanting a large acreage, has
been more or less perplexing, as tho
transportation of sweet potatoes to
<he Northern markets Is a hazardous
Clemson college some years ago,
under the direction of the late M. li.
Hardin, one of the foremost chemists
in tho country, took up the problem
of working out the manufacturing of
starch from sweet potatoes and Dr.
Hardin was ably assisted by Prof. C.
C. McDonnell, now in the bureau of
chemistry of the United States de?
partment of agriculture, the late Prof.
F. 8. Shiver and later on by Prof. T.
E. Keitt, chemist of Clemson College.
These chemists worked on this prob?
lem from tho laboratory end and in
order to establish the practicability 01
utilizing sweet potatoes for the man?
ufacture of starch, a small plant wai
established at Clemson College,
through the cooperation of B. Kom?
mers & Sons, chemical and consulting
engineers of Philadelphia. The starch
from the sweet potatoes was used in
some of the cotton mills of the State.
The experiments by the mills proved
The movement for a starch mill
has now been revived by W. W. Long,
director of the farm demonstration
farces, and, a series ot conferences
with business men has been arranged
for the building up of the new indus?
try in South Carolina.
A conference will be held in Co
lurnbiaTTtrxt Monday, when the matter
of erecting a sweet rotato starch mill
will be discussed. B. Ren ?.mors, con?
sulting chemist, of Philadelphia, has
been invited to attend the confer?
"In bringing this proposition be?
fore the business men of the State,"
said Mr. Long yesterday I want my
position clearly understood, that from
the laboratory and scientific end the
matter of producing starch from
sweet potatoes has been cloarly dem?
onstrated. Prof. T. E. Keitt, chem?
ist of the South Carolina experiment
station, and Mr. B. Retainers, chemi?
cal and consulting engineer of Phil?
adelphia, will attend the different
meetings that we propose to hold in
the Stato and in conference with the
business men, when the question of
the advisability and feasibility of es?
tablishing starch factories will be
taken up and discussed. Theso gentle?
men will throw light on every angle
and It will rest with the business men
to determine whether the profits
that might be expected from the en?
terprise would Justify them in erect?
ing a plant and whether they would be
able to pay the farmer a price for his
potatoes that would justify his grow?
The conference next Monday Will
be held at the Jefferson hotel. Busi?
ness men of Columbia are invited.
Conferences will also be held In front?
ier, Darlington and other points.
Starch made from sweet potatoes
was tested by several mills in 1106,
Blllsoa A. Smyth, president of the
Pelzer Manufacturing company, wrote
at that time: "Would say we have
made the experiment with the potato
starch you sent us and it gave good
satisfaction, and our people prefer It
to the corn starch wo have been
A. P. Burgess, now of Fort Motto,
was one of the originators of the prop
Setttoa of Working out starch from
sweet ptatoes und he became H>>
much interested that several meetings
were held at Summerton in refer?
ence to the matter.
Arrested for Enticing Laborers.
A white man, giving his name as
J. A. Hamilton, and who has been
seen In Manning several times lately,
was arrested by Deputy Sheriff
Thames and Rural Policeman Poavy
one day last week and placed in jail,
charged with inducing labor to uo to
Georgia. This Is against the laws of
South Carolina and Mr. Hamilton Will
have to face a jury at our next court
or forfeit his bond of $."?00, which
he put upon last Monday and was
I released.?Manning Times.
STICK TO SEA ISLAND COTTON
WORSIIAM GIVB8 ADVICE TO
Loug Staple Can be Grown as Well as I
Short, Georgia Entomologist Says.
Valdosta, Ga., Jan. 24.?E. L, Wor
sham, Georgia State entomologist, told
the convention of sea island cotton*
growers here today that long stap'e
cotton could be raised in spite of the
boll weevil and those who advocate
the abandonment of sea island cot?
ton in favor of short staple were ad?
vocating disaster. Delegates to the
convention, which opened today, in?
cluded sea island planters from Geor?
gia, Florida and South Carolina.
Mr. Worsham admitted that condi?
tions favorable to the growing of sea
island cotton were more favorable to
the boll weevil than were conditions
under which short staple is grown. He
said, however, that varieties of long
staple at the Georgia experiment sta?
tion near here had proved that the
weevil could be combated.
"However," he said, "the day of
overproduction in cotton is past both
In long and short staple. Hereafter
the Southern farmer must raise more
W. D. Price of the United States
bureau of entomology declared that
the boll weevil is "the great economic
problem of the age. and already had
caused the largest financial loss of
any insect pest in the world."
DRAINAGE SURVEYS AT SALEM.
Government Engineer Completes One
Assignment at Sumter und Logins
Salem, Black River, Jan. 24.?S. TV.
Frescola, drainage engineer of Ihe
United States department of rural
engineering and good roads, finished
the field work of the Dabbs-McBrid?
drainage area Monday. Today he
began the survey of 2,000 acres
adjoining the above met of Col. R.
M. Cooper. There are other tract*
that the owners are planning to haVe
him survey. But as permission hac
to be secured from the office \u
Washington and these requests are
handled in turn, and then only for
persons or associations that contem
plate going to work right after Ok
survey is completed and the maps
made, some of the requests may not
be granted at once.
None of theee lande are in Blart'
River swamp, but are flat pine lands
lying on the watershed between
Black River and Pudding swamp,
that have been considered difficult to
drain for lack of fall. This survey
has shown that there is from 10 to
16 feet fall to this mile, and tha'
drainage is merely the matter hi
properly locating the ditches which
do not need to he expensive canal:
except in two parts of the district
The total cost will be a large sum oi
money but the cost per acre will be
low when handled this way as a sys?
OLANTA CHILD DIES.
Olanta, Jan. 23.?As a result o<
drinking concentrated lye about a
year ago the three year old son Of
Mr. and Mrs. Sammie Mouzon died
Friday night. The funeral service*
were conducted by the Rev. D. M.
Clark, and the remains were laid t<
rest in the Mouzon cemetery Satur?
Sumter Wins Football Over Oswego
The Sumter junior football team
sullied forth to win laurels on the
athletic fields at Oswego. The game
was entered into with enthusiasm on
both sides, and the coach says of hV
boys: "They are a manly lot. No one
lost his temper and not an ugly word
was heard." Altogether it was an en?
joyable time for all.
Albert Alderman was the star light
of Sumter, making an end run, fol-1
lowed by his interference, Lebby.
which won the game for Sumter. Ha
is worthy of any team, even one ol
larger boys. Cato played line in thv
back field, while Wadford played nil
excellent tackle. Lobby also played
a splendid fullback. Thomas Klnard
was the star for OewegO.
The score was 24 to 18 in favor oi'
Sumter. Referee, McLeod.
Quail Eat 27 Weevils.
Recently a hunter in south Georgia,
after killing a partridge, decided to
find out if the bird really did eat the
boll weevil. On dissecting tho bird,
he found it had recently eaten no lea*
than 27 fully developed weevils.
If these boll weevils had not been
killed by next year they would have
multiplied into many thousands to de?
stroy the cotton crop.
In Texas it is said to be a common
Bight to sec a cotton field almost cov?
ered by large drovee of partridges,
doves and other birds busily engaged
In eating the boll weevils as tho hot
sun causes them to drop from thi
cotton plant which they had rulnejd.
In that section which has experienced
the ravishes of the weevil it Is con?
sidered almost a crime to hunt bird:-..
INVESTIGATE COTTON UP.
DEPARTMENT OP JUSTICE TAKES
Men in Sumter and Charleston I'rue
Steps to Uncover Any Illegal Man?
Washington, Jan. 24.?It is under?
stood that the dei artnient of justice
will take a hand in investigating the
manipulation of cotton contracts.
Recently cotton factors of Charles?
ton, Sumter and other points have
communicated by wire with Repre?
sentatives Lever and Whaley relative
to the recent slump in the price of
future contracts in New York and
New Orleans, alleging that this
slump has been due to manipulation
of contracts. An investigation by
a congressional committee was sug?
Representatives Lever and Whaley
have conferred with representatives
and senators from other cotton pro
during States and have gone into the
situation very carefully themselve;
and they have determined in their
own minds that a congressional in?
vestigation begun at this late day of
the short session, with Icls than five
weeks more of the session and with
a crowded calendar in both houses,
could not possibly bring any effect?
ive results. The Inquiry to be worth
anything would require more time
than is possibly available between
now and March 4 and since th s
congress dies on March. 4, whatever
work may have been done and left
uncompleted would in a measure be
wasted. They have, therefore, de?
cided that if there is any conspiracy
to deprets the prico of cotton, as
some of the telegrams allege and B?
the sudden decline might indicate
Such a conspiracy should bo handled
by the department of justice and the
conspirators indicted under the
terms of the Sherman anti-trust law.
The telegrams, letters and other
communications in the hands of
Messrs. Lever and Whaley have been
turned over to the attorney general
with the request that he make 8
t'iorough and searching investigation
under the authority of law.
News and Views of PLsgah.
Pisgah, Jan. 22.?We still live, have
plenty to oat, good health, plenty of
wood, nice water and good credit, and
with this people are dissatisfied, want?
ing more money, more pleasure, less
work, ami less interest in religious
matters. lake England, they want the
world and, are unhappy because they
can't get it to frolic and fuss over.
In the memory of the writer people
have greatly changed in many ways,
largely for the worse, and no better
sign than in things pertaining to a
Florida last year in politics won't
be a mite to what it will be next year
here, judging from the mutterings of
the coming- storm, whose dark cloud
Is rapidly rising.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Henry Pee?
bles and Mrs. Frank Peebles of Lee
county sj>ent yesterday with the fam?
ily of Rev. J. W. Kenney.
Alvln and Raymond Stuekey of
Stateburg spent Sunday with their
brother Leon here.
The Kershaw association is having
a Sunday school meeting at the Cam
den Baptist church this week. Lec?
tures will be delivered by Messrs.
Watts and Leaville, great Sunday
school workers. The executive board
of the association meets this day to
prorate the amount asked among ti?c
Dixie Electric Company Chartered.
Columbia, Jan. 24.?The Dix'.t*
Electric company of Sumter has been
chartered with a capital of 11,000.
The officers are: Young Bhackloford,
president and Ii. C. Wallace, Jr., sec?
retary and treasurer.
The Summerton Grocery company
has been commissioned with a capi?
tal of $2,000. The petitioners are:
B, A. Coskrey and S. M. Dingle.
Mr. J. E. R. Goodman, Who has
been in Columbia for sever? - iweeks,
today moved his family to that plac
which Will bo their future home.
WANTED?Canvasser to sell sewing
machines and collect in Ramhe"t
section of county. For partbeuta
write Singer Sewing Machine Com?
pany, 35 South Main Street, Buin?
ter, 8, C. C. A. Rlanton, Manager.
TREE SAMPLE?Large papcr-sftcll
pecans. Land-owners, write foi
sample nuts and prices of trees to
day. Southern Nut Tree Xurscpos
Geo H. Hurst,
OjPrtOs Hj Eihititr.
Pre-iiDt AHnritlop u De? Mr
MS. t. CreVo Old Stand. N. Bain
Our Mr. Blinding has just returned from
1 the market where he purchased a nice
well selected lot of Tennessee Mules,
which wc no vv have on hind; also one
fine Brood Mare. Our mules are well
broken and suited for general purposes.
Come and see them now before they are
At Epperson's Old .tables
Opposite Court House
Sumter's Bank for Savers
Every requirement of a safe, efficient de?
pository for saviogs is fully met by the
National Bank of Sumter.
Absolute security is combined with the
highest rate of interest consistent with
perfect safety. Promptness and courtesy
are important features of our service.
All are welcome. Call and open an ac- **toa ^
The National lit ok of
Gives a dollar's worth of real service for
every dollar deposited here.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
The Oldest Banking Institution in the County
Round Trip Fare Frem SUMTER $17.40
For this occasion which will be Ailed with fun and froli , and
<? lasting from February 2nd to loth, tickets will be sold to Tam
? pa and return as shown abo' e
ATLANTIC COAST LINE
The Standard Railroad of The South
JANUARY 31st to FEBRUARY 5th Inclusive.
Limited returning until midnight of February 20th. but may be
? extended to March 3rd by depositing with City Ticket Agent at
Tampa, under prescribed rub- and upon payment of $1.00.
Proportionate fares from intermediate stations. Children half
LIBERAL SI OP-OVER PRIVILEGES
? For further particulars, schedules, sleeping car reservation, etc.,
call on O. V. PLAYER,
Ticket Agent, Sumter, S. C.