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Cjjt SSalcJmian anb $out|)t or,
" Witmaii and Saturn?*.
tUMTSR, & a
?LM nee Mam t? advaoca.
for throe month*, or
0) sand* At reduced roten,
unload one which sub
prtrata mteteoto will bo char**)
ut tribute* of reop^Ci.
iter Watchman woo foutifl?
at as loot and the Tree do ?thron tn
It to. The Watchman and Booth r on
new hoe the combined eireolotion end
?to?ii of both of the old papers,
had te aaeutfestly the boot advertising
anedfnss la hum tar.
The membership committee of the
Chsmber of Commerce haa started
n canvass of the business men of the
city to obtain renewals of old mem?
berships and to enroll new members
in the organization. The Chamber of
Commerce cannot be maintained
without an assured Income sufficient
to pay the necessary expenses, and
there are certain fixed charges that
cannot bo reduced below a certain
point. The only sou reo of income is
the voluntary eubacriptions of those
business men of Sumter who believe
that the Interests of the city require
an organisation that will represent
them and do the Work for the develop?
ment of community that they cannot
do Individually. The need of a com?
mercial organisation is so self-evi?
dent thst there is no ground for rea
oonabls argument sgalnst the propo?
sition. Its sphere of usefulness and
influence, Its opportunity and its duty
are well defined and the experience
of years proves conclusively that a
commercial organisation Is an essen
Mal supplement to a progressive and
trowing commmercial community. A
community thst is dead commercially,
or is retrograding, in other respects,
will not admit the need of an o , .n
isatlon and may be so far gone as to
refuse to make any effort to have or
maintain It, but Sumter is neither
dead nor dying commercially, and the
Indifference occasionally exhibited
to the welfare of the Chamber of
Commerce see ma to be due largely, to
b?ng of satisfaction with condl
? nd that it is well to let well
OBOSjffia ilone* with every man looking
out for himself,?end incidentally-*^^
Ing membership dues to Chamber of
Commerce. Fortunately thejLls na
active antagonism to a commeroapjtor
ganisatlon and the incorrlglble^M|
wodo ore In a minority In the com?
munity, therefore the indifference
that has gradually grown um can be
?radicated und a feeling of inter?
est snd co-operation will take its
place. If the merchants, tanks, and
other individuals and corporation*
whoso busineao health ai.d develop?
ment are dependent upon the growth
and proaperlty of the community as
a whole, will but give the matter a
little thought and take a broad-mind
ed snd liberal Instead of a narrow
and selfish view of the matter. If
Sumter la to have a Chamber of Com
meres It should be properly support
ed and placed on a dignified and sub
stantlal basis. Ths organization should
not be treated as a poor relative or
mendicant that cannot be dodged
If It has sny right to exist, and all
agree that It Is a necessary sdjunct
to the business community, it merits
a proper und regular support. The
Chamber of Commerce Is aupposed to
be the representative of the best of
the community and unless it can be so
treated and so supported it ahould
be abolished forthwith and the pre?
tense of maintaining an organization
abandoned. The result of the can
vaas of the membership committee
will reveal the aentiment of the bus
lnesa men of Sumter aa to this point.
Wtsacky News Notes.
Wiaacky. Jan. 23.?Very little work
haa been done on tbo fat in on ac?
count of the dreadful weather.
The oat and whoat crop promises to
be good In this section.
There seems to be a scarcity of hv ,
bor hers. A good many farmers are'
short of hands. There has little
work been done In the gardens, as it
continues ao wet.
Mlaa Clark of Oswego spent the
week-end with Miss Marguerite Scott.
A wedding of much Interest to
many friends was that of Miss Janle
Allen snd Mr. Chas Anderson.
The ceremony took place at I:SI
o'clock at the First Baptist parson ige,
Kev. W. E. Thayer officiating.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson left 00 the
evening train for St. Charles, where
they will spend s few days with the
parents of the groom, before going to
Elmire. N. Y., their future home.
Mr. and Mrs. Anderson have many
frlsnda In Sumter who wiah for them
a bright and prosperous future.
STARCH FROM POTATOES.
CLEMSON AND FEDERAL AGEN?
CIES PROPOSE PLANT FOR
Industrial Chemists Meet Farmers ami
Business Men in Columbia Next
Monday?Project Already Tried Out
but on Small Scale.
Columbia, Jan. 25.-The exten?
sion division of Clemson college in
cooperation with the United State? de?
partment of agriculture has been
working for some time on the prob?
lem of finding markets for the differ?
ent agricultural products of the State,
realising that it it* absolutely neces?
sary to create greater markets if tho
farmer la to practice diversification.
This was the object in urging the es?
tablishment of tho packing houses at
Orangeburg and Greenville, to provide
a market for hogs and beef cattle'
and Indirectly for surplus hay an.1 j
grain. The establishment of tho J
cream routes was to develop the
The creation of a market for sweet
potatoes, that would Justify the farm?
er in planting a large acreage, lias
been more or less perplexing, as tho
transportation of sweet potatoes to
(he Northern markets is a hazardous
Clemson college some years ago,
under the direction of the late M. 1).
Hardin, one of the foremost chemists
in the country, took up the problem
of working out the manufacturing of
starch from sweet potatoes and Dr.
Hardin was ably assisted by Prof. C.
C. McDonnell, now In the bureau of
chemistry of tho United States de?
partment of agriculture, the late Prof.
F. 8. Shiver and later on by Prof. T.
E. Keitt, chemist of Clemson college.
These chemists worked on this prob?
lem from tho laboratory end and in
order to establish the practicability oi
utilising sweet potatoes for the man?
ufacture of starch, a small plant wai
established at Clemson College,
through the cooperation of B. Hem?
mers & Sons, chemical and consulting
engineers of Philadelphia. The starch
from the sweet potatoes was used n
some of the cotton mills of the State.
The experiments by the mills proved
The movement for a starch mill
has now been revived by W. W. Long,
director of the farm demonstration
farces, and, a series oi conferences
with business men has been arranged
for the building up of the new Indus?
try in South Carolina.
A conference will be held In Co?
lumbia TTfcxt Monday, when the matter
of erecting a eweet potato starch mill
will be discussed. B. Rommers, con?
sulting chemist, of Philadelphia, has
been Invited to attend the confer?
"In bringing this r ?osltlon be?
fore the business men ot the State,"
said Mr. Long yesterday, "I want mv
position clearly understood, that from
the laboratory and scientific end tho
matter of producing starch from
sweet potatoes has been clearly dem?
onstrated. Prof. T. E. Keitt, chem?
ist of the South Carolina experiment
station, and Mr. B. Remmers, chemi?
cal and consulting engineer of Phil?
adelphia, will attend the different
meetings that we propose to hold in
the Stato and In conference with the
business men, when the question of
the advisability and feasibility of es?
tablishing starch factories will be
taken up and discussed. These gentle?
men will throw light on every angle
and it will rest with the business men
to determine whether the profits
that might be expected from the en?
terprise would Justify them in erect?
ing a plant and whether they would be
able to pay the farmer a price for his
potatoes that would justify his grow?
The confeiv.'ue next Monday will
be held at the Jefferson hotel. Busi?
ness men of Columbia are invited.
Conferences will also be held In Sum?
ter, Darlington and other points.
Starch made from sweet potato's
was tested by several mills In 190G.
Ellison A. Smyth, president of the
Pelzer Manufacturing company, wrote
nt that time: "Would say we have
made the experiment with the potato
starch you sent us and it gave good
satisfaction, and our people prefer it
to the corn starch we have been
A. P. P argons, now of Fort Motto,
was one of the originators of the prop?
osition of working out starch from
sweet ptatoes und he became an
much interested that several meeting!
were held at Summerton in refer
l ence to the matter.
Arrested for Enticing Laborers.
A white man, giving his name as
J. A. Hamilton, and who has been
seen in Manning several times lately,
was arrested by Deputy Bherlff
Thames and Kurnl Policeman Pea
one day last week i nil placed in Jail,
charged with inducing labor to BO '"
Oeorgla. This Is against the laws of
South Carolina ami Mr. Hamilton Will
have to face a jury at our next court
or forfeit his bond of $r?00, which
he put up on last Monday and was
I released. ?Manning Times.
STICK TO SEA ISLAND COTTON
WORSIfAM GIVES ADVICE TO
Long StupZe Can be Grown as Well as
Short, Georgia Entomologist Says.
Valdosta, Ga., Jan. 24.?E. U Wor
?ham, Georgia State entomologist, told
the convention of sea island cotton*
growers here today that long staple
cotton could be raised in spito of the
boll weevil and those who advocate
the abandonment of sea island cot?
ton in favor of short staple were ad?
vocating disaster. Delegates to the
convention, which opened today, in?
cluded sea island planters from Geor?
gia, Florida and South Carolina.
Mr. Worsham admitted that condi?
tions favorable to the growing of sea
island cotton were more favorable to
the boll weevil than were conditions
under which short staple is grown. He
said, however, that varieties of long
staple at the Georgia experiment sta?
tion near here had proved that the
weevil could be combated.
"However," he said, "the day of
overproduction in cotton is past both
in long and short staple. Hereafter
the Southern farmer must raise more
W. D. Price of the United States
bureau of entomology declared that
the boll weevil is '"the great economic
problem of the age. and already had
caused the largest financial loss of
any insect pest in the world."
DRAINAGE SURVEYS AT SALEM.
Government Engineer Completes One
Assignment at Sumter and Begins
Salem, Black River, Jan. 24.'?8. W.
Frescola, drainage engineer of the
United States department of rural
engineering and good roads, finished
the field work of the Dabbs-McBridc
drainage area Monday. Today he
began the survey of 2,000 acres:
adjoining the above trt.ct of Col. K.
M. Cooper. There are other tracts
that the owners are planning to have
him survey. But as permission har
to be secured from the office W
Washington and these requests are
handled in turn, and then only for
porsons or associations that contem
plate going to work right after the
survey is completed and the maps
made, some of the requests may n'oi
be granted at once. 1
None of these lands are in Blae)'
River swamp, but are flat pine lands
lying on the watershed between
Black River and Pudding swamp,
that have been considered difficult to
drain for lack of fall. This survey
has shown that there is from 10 to
16 feet fall to the mile, and tha'
drainage is merely the matter bl
properly locating the ditches which
do not need to be expensive canah
exce* in two parts of the district
Th ojtal cost will be a large sum o!
money but the cost per acre will b<
low when handled this way as a sys?
OLANTA CHILD DIES.
Olanta, Jan. 3.?As a result 01
drinking concentrated lye about a
year ago the three year old son of
Mr. and Mrs. Sammle Mouzon died
Friday night. The funeral services
were conducted by the Rev. D. M.
Clark, and the remains were laid tc
rest, in the Mouxon cemetery Satur?
Sumter Wins Football Over Oswego.
The Sumter junior football team
salbed forth to win laurels on the
athletic fields at Oswego. The game
was entered into with enthusiasm on
both sides, and the coach says of IAV
boys: "They are a manly lot. No one
lost his temper and not an ugly word
was heard." Altogether it was an en?
joyable time for all.
Albert Alderman was the star light
of Sumter, making an end run, fol?
lowed by his interference, Lebhy.
which won the game for Sumter. He
is worthy of any team, even one ol
larger boys. Cato played fine in th>
back field, while Wadford played an
excellent tackle. Lobby also pic yea
a splendid fullback. Thomas Kinaro
was the star for Oswego.
The score was 24 to 18 in favor of
Sumter. Referee, MoLood,
Quail Eat 27 Weevils.
Recently a hunter in south Georgia,
after killing a partridge, decided to
find out if the bird really did eat the
boll weevil. On dissecting the bird,
he found it hud recently eaten no les'
than 27 fully developed weevils.
If these boll weevils had not been
killed by next year they would have
multiplied into many thousands to de?
stroy the cotton crop.
In Texas it is said to be a common
sight to see a cotton field almost oov
( rod by large droves of partridges,
doves and ?Uber birds busily engaged
in eating the boll weevils as the hot
sun causes them to drop from tin
cotton plant which they had rulnejfl.
In that section which has experienced
the ravishes of the weevil it is con?
sidered almost a crime to hunt birds,
INVESTIGATE COTTON SLUMP.
DEPARTMENT of JUSTICE takes
Men in Blunter and Charleston Urge
Steps to Uncover Any Illegal Man?
Washington, Jan. 24.?It is under?
stood that the department of justice
will take a hand in investigating the
manipulation of cotton contracts.
Recently cotton factor* of Charles?
ton, Sumter and other points have
communicated by wire with Repre?
sentatives Lever and Whaley relative
to the recent slump in the price of
future contracts in New York and
New Orleans, alleging that this
slump has been due to manipulation
of contracts. An investigation by
a congressional committee was sug?
Representatives Lever and Whaley
have conferred With representatives
and senators from other cotton pro?
ducing States and have gone into the
situation very carefully themselves
and they have determined in their
own min is that a congressional in?
vestigation begun at this late day of
the short session, with leal than five
weeks more of the session and With
a crowded calendar in both houses,
could not possibly bring any effect?
ive results. The inquiry to be worth
anything would require more time
than is possibly available between
now and March 4 and since this
congress dies on March 4, whatever
work may have been done and left
uncompleted would in a measure be
! wasted. They have, therefore, de?
cided that if there is any conspiracy
to depress the price of cotton, as
some of the telegrams allege and M
the sudden decline might indicate,
Such a conspiracy should be handled
by the department of justice and the
' conspirators indicted under the
terms of the Sherman anti-trust law.
The telegrams, letters and other
communications in the hands of
Messrs. Lever and Whaley have been
turned over to the attorney general
with the request that he make a
thorough and searching investigation
under the authority of tew.
News and Views of Pisgah.
Pisgah, Jan. 22.?We still live, have
plenty to eat, good health, plenty of
Wood, nice water and good credit, and
with this people are dissatisfied, want?
ing more money, more pleasure, less
work, ahd less interest in religious
matters. Like England, they want the
world and, arc unhappy be ause they
can't get it to frolic and fuss over.
In the memory of tho writer people'
have greatly changed in many ways,
largely for the w orse, and no better j
sign than in things pertaining to a
Florida last year in politics won't
be a mite to what it will be next year
here. Judging from the mutterings of
the coming storm, whose dark cloud
is rapidly rising.
Mr. and Mrs. Charles Henry Pee?
bles and Mrs. Frank Peebles of Lee
county s]>ent yesterday with the fam?
ily of Rev. J. W. Kenney.
Alvln and Raymond Stuckey of
Stateburg spent Sunday with their
brother Leon here.
The Kershaw association is having
a Sunday school meeting at the Cam
den Baptist church this week. Lec?
tures will be delivered by Messrs.
Watts and Leaville, great Sunday
school workers. The executive board
of the association meets this day Jo
prorate the amount asked among the
Dixie Electric Company Chartered.
I Columbia, Jan. 24.?The Dixie
I Electric company of Sumter has been
chartered With a capital of $3,000.
j The officers are: Young Bhaokleford,
j president and B. C. Wallace, Jr., sec
I retary and treasurer.
The Summerton Grocery company
has been commissioned with a capi?
tal of $2,000. The petitioners are:
B. A. Coskrey and s. M. Dingle.
Mr. J. E. R. Goodman, who has
been in Columbia for several jweeks,
today moved his family to that place,
which will he their future home.
WANTED?Canvasser to sell sowing
machines and collect In Re)mhe"t
section of county. For particulars
write Singer Sewing Machine Com?
pany, 35 South Main Street, Sum?
ter, ?s. C. C. A. Blanton, Manager.
free sample?Large papcr-sftoll
pecans. Landowners, write for
sample nuts and prices of trees to?
day. Southern Nut Tree Nurseries,
Geo H. Hurst,
Hamas m Esbttner.
?r?mpt Attention te Dey m
MIO. Cralg Old Stand. n. Buir,
t nonet niimzoi
Our Mr. Blandina has just returned from
the market where he purchased a nice
well selected lot of Tennessee Mules,
which wc no w have on hand; also one
fine Brood Marc. Our males are well
broken and suited for general purposes.
Come and see them now before they are
At Epperson's Old ' tables
Opposite Court House
Sumter's Bank for Savers
Every requirement of a safe, efficieot de?
positors for savings is fully met by the
National Bank of Suniter.
Absolute security is combined with the
highest rate of interest consistent with
perfect safety. Promptness and covrtesy
are important features of our service.
All are welcome. Call and open an ac- J?
count today. I
The National B.ink of
l.? C-IIIIM ? ? HTV?q??i^???
Gives a dollar's worth of real service for
every dollar deposited here.
THE FIRST NATIONAL BANK
The Oldest Banking Ins+itution in the County
I GaspariJla Carnival
| TAMPA, FLA.
Round Trip Fars From SUMTER $17.40
For this occasion which will he filled with fun and frolic, and
j lasting from February 2nd to 10th, tickets will bo sold to Tam
? po i?n<i roturn as shown abo'e ' y
1 ATLANTIC COAST LINE
\ \ The Standard Railroad of The South
If JANUARY 31st to FEBRUARY 5th Inclusive.
Until l returning until midnight of February 50th, hut may he
o extended to March 3rd by depositing with City Ticket Agent at
0> Tampa, under prescribed rules, and upon payment of $1.00.
2 Proportionate fares from intermediate stations. Children half
LIBER AI, ST OP-OVER PRIVILEGES
For further particulars, schedules, sleeping car reservation, etc.,
call on O. V. PLAYER,
Ticket Agent, Sumter, S. C.
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