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MW TIE LBIS?TIBE
?MRTrtCD DEBATE IN SEN ATE ON
WOMAN SUFFRAGE MIKAS
Many of Senator* Favor Sheeard Bill
BdlM introduced tu Senate
Columbia, a C, January 25.?
Tho flrtt tendency to engage In
Uprrlted debate took plav ? In the sen?
ate early today, when the Sherard
resolution, providing for a referen?
dum of ehe question of women suf
fftasji waa ragweed on the calendar.
A motion by Senator Epps of Wil?
liame bu/g to strike out the enacting
words brourht a number of senators
to their feet, many of them clamor
sag for as opportunity to debate the
Later Mr. Eppe withdrew the
lion and tomorrow Immediately
third reading bills the question
?f equal suffrage will again be con
aUsrsd. Ooaeeneus of opinion Is that
a large proportion, possibly a major
Hp In Um upper house, are In favor
at allowing the question to go before
Ike people on Its own merits, although
of those advocating the referen
s*w not oommlttted to Its sup
Part la too general election.
are hearing from those
" oa the prohibition ques
Sanstor Laney of Che? tor i eld
brought to the senate three pe
Utieos from his constituency, advo?
cating aa "air tight" prohibition law.
Fae potUlsas wore signed by approxl
ia4>lj tee voter?.
The Staate was also memorallsed
todar by the U. D. C. chapter of Lao
oesCer, urging more liberal support of
Confederate veterans by pension. The
memorial was presented by Senator
t>. Reooe Wilhams ?rem Lancaster
Prominent among blMe introduced
Ja the senate today was one by Sen
Stuekey of Lee county, providing
all State Institutions consult wtth
apa ?t?te board of eberMtce and cor
tsou jsb, in those consul tat lon?, would
aavq easy advisory powere.
A bill waa introduced by Senator
Oartstanaea of Beaufort yesterday
which would relieve the Auduboo so
reeSy of the responsibility of making
to the goroessr recommendation* as
to tfjm apaotatmeot of chief game
^'pTpin. Tha peasant statute roads
?an* the society shall recommend the
of the chief ofacer of the so
has asked to ho relieved of this
Represntatlve MaoFarlan of Ches
taiield county baa Introduced a hill
to cancel a Winthrop scholarship held
try Vim Anne T*. sail Houser, on the
that the family lived in
county only a few montttt
aad hat the family has moved away
1 A mejsnty unfavorable report ban
Been made by the Wave and means
ooaamhtee of the house on Repreeen
Wive Daniels' prohibition bill which
Waclodee from the State alchollc 11
quoin aad wince, except for medicinal
purposes. A minority favorable re?
port was made.
Columbia, Jan. XI.?After consid?
erable debate and a decisive vote re
fusing to km the measure, the Liles
bin providing for 15*0 traveling ex?
penses, each, annually for the twen?
ty-four circuit judges ef the State wo?
passed from second to third reading
til the house this morning. At Presen 1
the Judges get a salhry of |*,0eO per
annum and have to pay their own ex
Tao Bradford bill requiring a mr
jerky vote of the people of counties,
or other political aub-dlvlalona. In s
referendum election before a bond is?
sue can bo floated, passed the third
reading end waa sent to ths senate.
NO LOO* I NO BACK IN BI7MTER,
Hear Evtdeetoe CVstandy Besag Pub
* Slnrs the long succession of Bumter
reports were first published In the lo?
cal press there has been no looking
back. Sumter evidence continues to
a sei in and?better still?those whose
reports were first published many
years ago. verify all they said .n a
most hearty and unmistakable way
Bead the experience of Mr. W. Yea
don. IT Heyneworth atreet. He says:
'1 suffered from dull, nagging
backaches, and my kidneys acted
too freely. I used Doan's Kidney
Fills for these ailments, and they re?
lieved me. toning up my entire ays
seen "' (Statement given January 9.
Over four years later, Mr. Yeadon
said: "The benem Baaste Kidney
Fills gave me has been permanent."
Price toe., at all doalera. Don't
elm ply ask for a kidney remedy?gel
VJoea's kfdSey Fills -?ho same thst
Mr. reason has twice publicly rec
ommended. Foster-Mil burn Co..
Frese.. Muffel?. N. Y.?Advt
Tin* BOLL UK*;VfL MENACE.
Mr. Col er Toll.? Hon to ?t Least Min?
imize Da nicer.
I have just been looking; at a recent?
ly corrected government map. which
shows the progress of the boll weevil,
and realised as never before that this
section Is face to face with an Immi?
nent danger which la going to mean
calamity to the whole State in two or
three years unless the most vigorous
and Intelligent measures are taken
The map shows that during the past
two years the boll weevil has cov?
ered about three-fourths of the State
of Georgia and during the last sea?
son alone It covered In Georgia an
area almost as large as our whole
State. If It advances as far thisyear
aa It advanced last year it will go
almost across the State and reach cm.
eastern border counties. If it advances
half as far as it has advanced the
past two years It will reach Chester?
field, Darlington, Florence, Williams-'
burg and Georgetown counties. If it|
continues to advance one-fifth as far
each year as it has advanced during
the past five years it will enter Horry,
Dillon and Marlboro during the fall
of 1918. V**
Few of the farmers In this section
have realised the danger or taken any
steps to meet It. They are now mak?
ing their plans to put In the biggest
possible cotton acreage that present '
conditions will allow. Not many are
arranging for larger areas of food
crops or planning a rotation to meet
boll weevil conditions.
I have heard of a few who do not
believe that there It any danger. They
say that Darlington county along
with the upper half of the State Is
north of the section where the boll
weevil has done serious damage; that
the climate here Is cooler and gener?
al conditions different from the section
in which the boll weevil damage has
been severe. To this 1 reply that th,ere
has been serious boll weevil damage
In Mississippi. Tennessee and Arkan?
sas, as far north ae the upper boun?
dary of our State, that It has nearly
covered the State of Arkansas, the
upper half of which le tn the same
latitude as North Carolina. Further?
more, the boll weevil has always ad?
vanced more rapidly parallel to the
coast and It has done serious damage
throughout the entire belt for mere
than 200 miles inland. Only the wen
tern corner of South Carolina Is more
-sham #00 miles from the sea and this
(Darlington) county la loss than sev?
enty-five miles from tidewater. The
boll weevil likes moisture -and the
whole of our State coreeponds in
rainfall with the southern sections of
Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana,
where boll weevil damage has been at
Its maximum. The minimum tem?
peratures of our whole State, except
the extreme western corner also cor?
respond with the minimum tempera?
tures in the worst Infected area. The
altitude of our State above the sea
level corresponds closely with the
State of Alabama, practically all of
which has been Infested by the weevil.
These facts with reference to rain?
fall, temperatures and altitude I have
just gotten from a set of government
maps. There Is net the slightest ques?
tion in my judgment that the boll
weevil will cover most of the State of
South Carolina In the next two years
and that unless we prepare to meet
the invasion we will in three or four
years be suffering as acutely as cen?
tral and southern Alabama now is.
A large proportion of the people in a
large section of Alabama have been
forced to move away and many of
those who are still there are in th
direst poverty and distress.
What are the Immediately neces?
sary steps to avert or partially avert
First and foremost, cut the cotton
acreage heuvily this year and substi?
tute food and soil improvement crops.
Arrange to cut the total cotton crop
down to GO per cent, of the total acre?
age next year.
Every acre In the State not seeded
to grain should be covered next fall
with a cover crop?rye on the poorer
soils and In the lower half of the
State and crimson clover and vetch
In the Piedmont.
Seed of the very earliest varieties
of large boll cotton should be im?
mediately obtained In sufficient quan?
tity to raise seed for the entire acrs
ago next year.
The crop should be planted as early
as possible, beginning by March 20 In
the lower half of the State. This is
especially Important to the western
half of the State, which may be heuNi
ly .nfested with weevils before next
Fertilizer containing a high per
centago of phosphoric acid (which
tends to force early maturity) should
Eevery farmer should stock his
place as quickly as possible with all
the live stock It can profitably carry
In order that the food crops may be
consumed and the land enriched by
the use of manure.
Every farmer should run his busl
nesn as economically as possible, so as
to clear himself of debt and accumu?
late a surplus to take him through
My folks down South keep telling me: "Be
dean and sweet and pure." And I'll bet
you I am just about the purest cigarette
Why, the SOVEREIGN factory is dusted
every mornjfrig, just like a lady's parlor.
That's the sort of home I have. And
I've got to make good all the time?in
the look of me, and the moke of me.
The finest, whitest, cleanest home you
ever saw. Only the purest, sweetest, rich?
est Virginia and Carolina tobacco enters
there. And when I come out, wrapped
in the daintiest of white imported paper
?don't you know I am proud to be a
Yob Folks of the South KNOW good blood!
You Folks of the South KNOW good tobacco!
Next to good breeding is good dress and good taste?and I have them all. That's my
claim to your friendship. I can't say more, except?
lamgoaranl^^ ?Buy me
IS you don't like me return me to your dealer and get
your money back. I have said iL A Southern gentleman is known
die wor|d over for keeping his word, and I have given yon mine.
FOR THE GENTLEMAN OP THE SOUTH
the period of readjustment.
The raising of truck crops, peanuts,
soy beans, velvet beans and live stock
should be especially encouraged, and
the boll weevil propaganda should be
fostered in every possible way by
bankers, professional and business
If this general program is carried
out it will result in the rapid enrich?
ment of the soils and our farmers can
produce even after the weevil reaches
us as much or more cotton per acre !
than they are now producing. The
added revenues from food crops and
live stock will more than make up for
any reduction on the cotton crop.
The program I am here r"commend?
ing is not original, but is approxi?
mately what the authorities, govern?
ment and State, have been preaching
right along. We have adopted this
program practically in full in the op?
erations of our own farms. We are
planting only about one-half of our
acreage in cotton, seeding this to rye
for winter cover in September and Oc?
tober, following our oat crop with
peas and our peas with rye cover crop
to be turned in for cotton, and plant?
ing ninety-day tflvet beans in our
corn middles. These produce a large
humus crop and from fifteen to thirty
bushels per acre of beans?a splendid
high protein feed.
If an effective program to meet the
boll weevil Is to be carried out it will
be absolutely necessary to arouse the
kaan Interest and cooperation of most
of the large farmers, merchants and
bankers and to reach through them
that large class of our farming popu?
lation who depend upon these not only
I fOi advances, but also for advice. Spe?
cial efforts must be made toward mak?
ing all who crop or rent their lands
realize that their future revenues ab?
solutely depend upon their tenant.
changing their crop system at once
to meet the menace of the weevil.
South Carolina can largely avert
the calamity which has brought the
cotton States further west to their
knees, but it will take the combined
intelligence, energy and patriotism of
her farmers, merchants and bankcs
to do it. D. R, Coker.
Hartsvtlle, S. C.
At this time of the year during
wet days when no plowing can be
done, much time can be profitably
spent in repairing the broken or
damaged bridges on the farm. A
had bridge is a menace to the stock
and a very great Inconvenience In
moving the farm machinery from
place to place.
Licenses to marry have been issued
to Hen McLcod, Tindal, and Miss
lOthei MoLood, Pi no wood; Robert Hell
and Annie Coulter, Dalsell. Negroes
securing licenses were: Marion Mc
lOlveen and Maggie Lowell, Mott
Hrldge; Charlie Renten and Hattle
Renibert, Dalsell; James Itieho and
^lazie Pringle. Horatio.
BROKE ARM, POUND PURSE.
Harvin, Jan. 26.?Geo. Legare Har
vin broke his right arm yesterday af?
ternoon In Manning in cranking hid
While waiting on the train at the
depot to return home, he found a
purse containing a considerable sum
of money which the owner may se?
cure after Identification by address ..g
his father, Ben. 11. Harvin, Harvin,
Celebrates 3rd Hirthday.
Little Miss Rosalind Sineath enter?
tained a number of her little friends
on Friday afternoon from 4 to C
o'clock at her home on East CalhOlM
street. Games were played until live
o'clock, then the little guests were
ushered Into the dining room, where
refreshments were served, consisting
of hot chocolate, cakes, candy and
fruit. The color scheme of orange
and white was in evidence every?
where. Those present were:
Nell and Iva Bell Folsom, Mary and
Sara Harwick, Natalie Darr, Ooldic
Phelps, Eugene McQrew, Kathleen
and William Costin. The occasion was
much enjoyed by all.
Miss Mat tie M. Strong and -Mr.
William Nelson Brown of Sumter were
married on Saturday afternoon in th*
office of the clerk of court, Mr. Scar?
borough oltlciating. There were sev?
eral witnesses to the ceremony.
CHANGE AT SOUTHERN STATION.
H. A. Rpse, agent of the Southern
Railway at Sumter has resigned, hts
resignation to take effect the first of
February, and Joseph A. McClure has
been appointed to succeed him as
Mr. Rose has been agent for the
Southern Railway for a number of
years and has filled the office most ac?
ceptably, both to the road and to its
patrons at Sumter. He resigns to go
into the real estate business with Mr.
J. R. Clack. Mr. McClure has been
an employee of the Southern for sev?
eral years and has been operator for
some time. He has given good ser?
vice in his position and hiB appoint?
ment comes as a promotion for faith?
ful services rendered.
Farmers who intend to plant Irish
potatoes for market this year should
write the department of agricul?
ture, Washington, D. C, and get a
copy of Farmers' Rulletin No. 753
on the Commercial Handling, Grad?
ing, and Marketing of Potatoes.
This bulletin gives information on
the best methods of gathering, grad?
ing, packing and shipping, and Is
well worth a careful stud) by the
Paris, Jan. 26.?1/ieut. CSeorge Ouy
nemer brought down his twenty
eighth enemy aeroplane yesterday the
i war office announced.