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Cfet ?tottjjnum anb ^outfit on.
PeJMsehed Wednesday and eaturrtey.
OvTUQf PUBUUOLfQ COMPANY.
iumtir, m c
Bar annum?la advaac?.
Dm Pqaaae trat inaartlon.ILO'j
Kfiesj eobeoqesat Inaartlon.. .. .10
Ooatracts for three months. 01
tager vtn ha msoa at reduced rates.
AB eoeamunleetlone which tuu
?er*e ertvete tataraata will ba charged
?at aa adver Ueexnea a.
Obituaries and tribute* of raapeel
?*U be charged far.
The lam tar Watuhmaa was found?
ed re lilt and the Tree Southron In
t It. Taw Watchman and Southron
eaw has the eomblned circulation and
?adeeaea ef both of the old papers
tad te saealfentry the beet advertising
eeedfeai la Sumter.
A STARCH FACTORY.
Dr. W. W. Long, Director of the
Extension Department of Clemson
College will meet the business men
of Sumter Monday afternoon, at the
Chamber of Commerce, to lay before
taem the facts relative to the move?
ment that he has started to establish
rt.iroh factories in South Carolina.
Dr. Long and his associates at Clem?
son College have made a thorough in
veatlgatlon of the practicability, of
manufacturing a first class article of
starch from sweet potatoes and he
will be In a position to talk facts and
not theories. He Is undoubtedly able
te demonstrate that starch can be
manufactured at a profit?provided an
adequate supply of potatoes can be
guaranteed at a reasonable price. The
whole thing hangs upon the question
of a eupply raw material, and this Is
Up to the farmers of the country adja
cent to the location of the starch fac?
tory. It might be possible to raise all
the capital needed to establish V fac*
tory, but unleee a certain supply of raw
material la aaeured, no capitalist will
put his money in It. A starch factor)
in Sumter or In any other South Caro
Una town depends upon the fanner*
and until their co-operation is assur?
ed the movement that Dr. Long ?'
promoting cannot gain any momen?
The movement to establish starch
faotertee la the South to vee sweet po
tatoee te not the first effort in this di?
rection. Ae far back as January U9r
considerable interest?was- aroused i
this matter In Sumter and nn effort
wee then made to interest the farm
ere In growing potatoes to supplv
proposed factory. After considerable
talk nothing- was accomplished, th_
failure being due largely, If not en?
tirely, to the fact that a supply of po?
tatoes could not be guaranteed. At
that time Mr. B. Bcmmers visited
Sumter and discussed the matter with
a number of business men and for a
time there were high hopes that a
factory would bo established. The
failure of twenty-odd years ago, when
cotton was selling for about six cents,
should not be taken as an omen of
failure now, and the effort should be
made to co-operate with Dr. Long in
putting this new enterprise on Its
feet. Twenty years ago there was no
farm extension organization and the
State did not have Dr. Long and his
corps of energetic assistants of the
Farm Demonstration work to enlist
the aid of the farmers and direct
their work in new channels. We have
now the very thing that was lacking
then, and this may mean the differ?
ence between failure and success. In
addition we have the certain coming
of the boll weevil, as another factor in
compelling the farmers to seek some
other crop than cotton as a money
producer. In 1896 cotton was at its
lowest price, and soon began to go up.
which induced farmers to plant more
cotton each year instead of driving
them to other crops. We lelieve that
Dr. Long knows what he Is doing and
that if he can obtain the proper
I backing in Sumter, or elsewhere that
he will succeed In establishing a starch
I manufacturing Industry in this State.
Just as a matter of history the sub?
joined article Is reproduced from The
Watchman and Southron of January
SOth, 1895. It gives in brief form
the facts relative to the Inception of
the effort then made to establish n
starch factory in Sumter and to in?
duce the farmers to plant potatoes
as a money crop to take the place of
cotton, which at the time was selling
for less than the cost of production.
(From The Watchman end South?
ron January SO, 1805.)
"A few weeks ago we published an
Inquiry from a party of Northern
capitalists, who desire to establish
starch factories in the South, in ret
?rence to the possibility of securing
I supply of potatoes and other starch
producing material in this section,
should they locate a factory here. If
myone has replied to this inquiry we
have not been Informed of the fact,
and since then the proposition has
been at a standstill, simply because
our people have taken so little inter?
est in a matter that is of real import?
ance to this section.
Yesterday tho following lette ?
' which bring! the matter to a point,
l was ?~ccived:
"New York, Jan. 22. 18U3.
"Editor Watchman and Southron:
"Today I got a paper of your edi?
tion dated Xovomber 15, 1S94, con?
taining an article on Cassava, which
I must say interests me very much.
Already from my former travels in
Brazil, and now still more, since in
company with several others, we in?
tend to go in for the manufacture cf
starch in the South, from sweet po?
tatoes and Irish, and since I have
seen your article I would be willing
to add Cassava to it, provided, the
farmers would grow enough of it for
our factory or factories, and that they
would supply it at such prices as we
might bo able to pay. This latter
would, of course, greatly depend upon
tho starch content of the Cassava. I
am not sure if a letter would reach
Mr. Spann, as I do not know his post
office address, I therefore send these
lines to you in expectation that you
will forward this to him. If he will
send me by express, freight paid, an
average sample of what he has grown,
say ten to twenty pounds, I will un?
dertake to make the analysis of same
free of charge. If he agrees to this let
him address the box to my chemical
"500 Green Avenue, Brooklyn, N. Y.
"Is there any water power in your
city or neighborhood suitable for a
factory? Do you think, if we located
one of our intended factories in your
place, that peoplo would take a cer?
tain amount of stock and what privil?
eges might we expect from the city?
Hoping soon to hoar from you and al?
ways pleased to answer any question
that you may have in this matter, I
"Yours respectfully, /
"The question is thus put directly
to tho business men of the city and
the farmers of the * 'cinity. Do v>c
want a starch factory in Sumter? Wil
the business men of the city take
stock In it? Will the city allow such
a factory privileges Will the farm?
ers grow sweet and Irish potatoes am!
cassava in sufficient quantities to sub '
ply the factory? If wo Avant th,
factory an effort must be made, fcS 1;
will not come to Sumter whether Vc
make an effort or not. There are hun?
dreds of towns Just as well located a>
Sumter and there is no particular ret
son why a factory should be locajev
In the west starch factories paj
fifteen cents per bushel of slxty-SiN
pounds for Irish potatoes, and twentj
-ents pt bushel of sixty-six pound
for sweet potatoes, giving one cent I
bushel for each per cent, of starcl
found In the material. Can sweet po?
tatoes be produced In large quantities
and sold for twenty cents per bush?
el? "We are informed that sweet po?
tatoes can be grown at that price
a profit to the farmer. We have been
told time and again that 200 to 400
bushels of potatoes can be produced
per acre, and at twenty cents pet
bushel potatoes will be a long way
ahead of cotton as a money crop.
Here Ii the opportunity. What shall
?vre do with it?"
THE AUSTRALIAN BALLOT LAW.
The legislature seems to bo inclin?
ed to dodge the issue raised by Gov.
Manning's recommendation in his an?
nual message, that an Australian bal?
lot law be enacted. The attitui?
of the present legislature in respect
to this matter does not shock us as
greatly it would, were not for
the fact that in dodging the issue ard
sidetracking the Australian ballot law
the legislature is following precedent.
When Gov. Manning was a member
of the. legislature twenty-four years
ago he made an earnest effort to se?
cure the enactment of an Australian
ballot law and the legislature dodg?
ed the issue every time the bill was
brought up. The following editorial
comment on the Australian ballot law
is applicable to the present situation,
almost without the change of a word,
although it was written twenty-one
(From The Daily Item, Feb. 10, 189G.)
"The new election law and Mr.
Manning's Australian ballot law will
be taken up this week for discussion
by both houses of the G<" rieral Assem?
bly. The adoption of the election law
in a more or less modified form is a
foregone conclusion, but the enact?
ment of the ballot lawr proposed by
Mr. Manning is not assured by any
means, notwithstanding that it is one
of the best and most necessary re?
forms that ha:; ever been proposed in
this State. We cannot understand
why this bill has been sidetracked in
the General Assembly for three suc?
cessive years, and is, at the present
time, in a fair way to be sidetracked
again. There is no reason for this
action, and we are necessarily forced
to conclude that there is moro or less
prejudice against the Australian sys?
tem, which is as near a perfect meth?
od for conducting elections as the
honest ingenuity of intelligent men
has been able to devise. In Australia
where the system originated ? it has
proven eminently satisfactory, inn:
much as it has preserved t:ie secrecy
of the ballot, prevented to n large ex?
tent the exertion of undue inlluence
over voters by professional politicians,
and has almost eliminated fraud at
the ballot box. In the majority of
the States of the Union, v.here the
I Australian system has been adopted j
and has been in effective operation1
for several years it has been as satis?
factory to the honest citizens, who
desire purity at the ballot box and
j honesty in elections, as it had been
proven to be in Australia. The sys?
tem, when honestly and intelligently
enforced, secures orderly elections
and render well-nigh impossible the
long list of evtle that have for years
disgraced our elections and rendere.l
them offensive to honest and respect?
able people. Of course those persons
who profit by fraud and corruption in
elections desire a more pliant system,
a system that is subject to easier ma?
nipulation and renders detection of
their criminality more difficult, and
they have opposed the system from
first to last and are still fighting it. It
is a matter of history that the pro?
fessional politicians in other States
made the most strenuous efforts to
prevent the enactment of election
laws embodying the Australian ballot
system, and that .subsequent to its
adoption they have redoubled their
efforts to secure a repeal of the law.
Failing in these efforts to rid them?
selves of the wholesome and purify?
ing influences that the system threw
around elections they have taxed
their brains to evolve schemes that
would defeat or evade the system and
to bring it into disrepute. Notwith?
standing these efforts, the Australian
ballot system has grown in popularity
with the honest voter, and today it is
firmly planted in the favor of this
class of people in every State where
it has been tried, and there is no
prospect of its abandonment in any
Such being the intrinsic merits of
the system and such being the beni
ficent effects in practical operation
we :annot give up hope that the
General Assembly of South Carolina
will incorporate the Australian ballot
system in the election law of the
Mr. Manning has prepared a law
that is peculiarly adapted to the
conditions existing in this State and
would be the means of purifying the
?elections and eliminating fraud. It
will have the effect of an educational
qualification of the ballot and will
bear equally upon all men, whatever
be their race or political creed; and
were it a new and untried scheme,
I without the many years of successful
operation 10 recommend it, the mem?
bers of the legislature, should h**ve
no hesitation in adopting it, for its
very merits, patent to any one
will read the bill with ordinary care,
recommend it so powerfully that
scarcely anything: Is left to he said in
COURT CONVENER ON 12TH.
Judge R. W. Meinmingor to Preside?
Grand Jnrora and Petit Jurors Se?
Sessions court convenes for the
spring term in Sumter county on Feb?
ruary 12th, Judge R. W. Memminger
of Charleston presiding.
Saturday twelve jure " were drawn
to fill out the panel on the grand jury
for 1917 and the usual venire for the
petit jury was drawn. The men who
will serve as grand jurors for 1917
Holdovers: J. A. Middleton, J. F.
Jenkins, W. Leslie P.runson, J. Ai
Lewis, D. M. Dick, C. W. Hicks. Now
men drawn: B. At. Hall. E. W, Hurst,
R. H. Green, R. J. Kolb, J. C. Hood,
W. H. Rcville, J. M. Harwick. F. L.
Brunson, E Strickland, Joel Benl ow,
J. X. Kill and A. P. Hinson
The petit jurors for the first we k
of court are: J. C. Cooper, E. L. New?
man, L. L. Dv.Bose, William Burrows,
M. R. Rivera, J. O. Parwick, W. J.
O'Neill, J. J. Morrisey, James Oi
Bryan, Win. F. Shaw, Perry Krasnolf,
M. E. Truluck, J. D. Heriot, E. G.
Keels, W. E. I^awrence, R. T. Tisdaie,
R. A. Dennis, Pen Clements, M. Mc
j Clam, E. A. Terry, E. J. Wachncr, E,
, F. Miller. D. J. Auld, D. R. McCalltim,
R. M. James, T. W. Hawkins, W. X.
Bradford, J. A. Schwerin, Jr., J. ??.
Mnurer, A. A. Team, W. J. Rivers, F.
T. Mclnvail, H. R. McLeod. B. T.
' Kolb, J. M. Wertz, A. S. Brown.
FREE SAMPLE?Large paper-shell
pecans. Land-owners, write for
sample nuts and prices of trees to-r
day. Southern Nut Tree Nurseries,
Undertaker iM Eikilnr.
Prssipt Attention to De? er
? 11.0. Crslf 0M Stand. N. Vsts
Our Annual White Dry Goods Sale Begins Tomorrow, 30th
Come and see. Our Goods speak for Themselves.
liest Percales. IS l?lc
Good Percales . 10c
Dress Gingham. 11c
Apron Check. 7c
liest Apron Check. 9c
Clmnihray . 10c
Best Bleach 15c, for. 1 Oe?
lde nieach.' ... ??
Pnjama Checks, Short Length,
12 l-2c for . tfl
Foil Pieces P ujuma Check,
best Quality at . 12c
l-IngHsh liong Cloth, all prices.
IHc Quality Nainsook for.
2* l-2c Quulity Nutnsook for..
23c Quulity Nainsook for.
M.-in > White Madras for Shirting,
30 In. Wide, for.
M\ In. Poplin, white und colors,
Llncne 12 l-2c Quulity, for . .
1.1neues 15c Quulity, for.
35c White Linen at .
32 in. Col. Madras Shifting nt . . 21c
Uest Quality Galutca, at. 13c
White Plaid Wu ist lug. 11c
Special Prices on Towels und Spreads.
Sheets 63\00, lie quality for . . 73c
Sheets, 81x90, $1.00 quulity for 92c
Sheets, 90x90, $1.25 quality for 95c
9-1 Sheeting 35c quality for_ 28c
Pillow Cases 42x30, 25c quality for 19
Pillow Cases, 45x70, 30c quality for 22
Damask, 60c for . 47
Damask, 25c for. 21c
Damask, 40c for. 33c
Damusk, $1.00 for. 89c
Duiuask, $1.75 for . 1.29
$2..">0 Corduroy Skills for.$1.18
Whfttfl Skirts . 98c
All the new weaver in plaid and stripe
. .Cotton Skirting.
Novelty Walstlng at 22c, 29c and 13c
10 in. White Voile at .... 17 and 21c
27 in Poplin ut . 19c
Dotted Swiss at . 22c
Holly Wood Voile at
Novelty Colored Voiles, 3? in. at from
21 to 47c.
36 in Pompudoure Stripe Voile at 19c
40 in. Organdy, 30c quulity for 21c
40 in. Organdy, 35c quulity for 27c
40 in. Organdy, 50c quality for S9c
30c riuxon for. 23c
35c Klaxon for
Kent on Tissue Voile ut. ISc
36 in dap. Crepe, 30c for . .
Shadow Stripe Voile at
Canton Silk Strii>e Voile . 21c
Winner Volle. 18
Japanese Nainsook, SOc quality for 22
(38 in. wide.)
27 in. White Pique
27 in White Pique. 19c
India Linen Dawn, 12 l-2c for. . 9c
India Linen Lawn, 18c for- 13c
Renfrew Devonshire cloth at 25c
Cannon cloth .
Gonna?17c, 73, 92, 93. 88, 98, $1.33,
Skirts? 17c, 73, 98. $1.23, $2.18.
Pant:-23c. IS, 17c.
Corset Covers?23c, 13c.
Chemise . 8!><'
SHAW 6 McCOLLUM MERCANTILE COMPANY.